tv President Kennedys Final Address to the United Nations CSPAN November 17, 2013 8:31am-8:51am EST
president's policies. he stood before the united nation's general assembly for what would be his last address to that body. he noted that the delegates with meeting in an atmosphere of rising home. he spoke of the space race evolving into joint exploration with the soviet union. mr. president, as one who has taken some interest in the election of presidents i want to congratulation you on your election to this high office. mr. secretary general, delegates, ladies and gentlemen we meet again in the quest for
peace. 24 whos ago when i last had the honor of addressing this body the shadow of fear lay darkly across the world. the freedom of west berlin, wars in mediate peril, agreement seemed remote, the mandate of the units in the congo was under fire. hold back the darkness today the clouds have lifted a little. so that new rays of hope can break through. the pressures on west berlin appear to be eased. unity in the congo has largely been restored. the integrity of the united nations secretariat has been reaffirmed.
a decade of development is underway and for the first time in 17 years of effort, a specific step has been taken to limit the nuclear arms race. i refer of course to the treaty to ban nuclear tests in the atmosphere, outer space and under water. concluded by the soviet union, the united kingdom and the united states and already signed by nearly 100 countries. it has been hailed by people the world over who are thankful to be free from the fears of nuclear fall out and i'm confident that on next tuesday at 10:30 in the morning it will receive the endorsement from the united states. the long shadows of crisis
envelope us still. but we meet today in an atmosphere in rising hope and at a moment of comparative calm. my presence here today is not a sign of crisis but of confidence. i'm not here to report on a new threat to the peace on new signs of war. i have come to salute the united nations and support the american people for your daily deliberation. for the reduction of global tension must not be an excuse for the narrow pursuit of self interest. if the soviet union and the united states with all of their global interests and clashing commitments of ideology and nuclear weapons still aimed at
each other today can find agreement surely other nations can do the same. chronic disputes which divert appreciate resources from the needs of the people. or drain the energies of both sides serve no one. and the badge in the modern world is a willingness to seek peaceful solutions. the united states as a major nuclear power does have a special responsibility to the world. it is in fact a three fold responsibility. one to our own citizens. one to the people of the whole
world who are affected by our decisions and to the next generation of humanity. we believe the soviet union also has these special responsities and those require our two nations to concentrate lesson our differences and more on the mes of resolving them peacefully. for too long both of us have increased our military budgets, nuclear stockpiles and our capacity to destroy all life on this planet without correspondenting increase on our security. our concepts of the world are different. no service is performed by failing to make clear our
disagreements, central difference is the self determination for all people. we believe that the people of germany and berlin must be pre to reunite and free to secure the fruits of the revolution that have been betrayed from within and exploited from out. our determination to safeguard that freedom will measure up to any threat or challenge. but i would say to the leaders of the soviet union and to their people if either of our countries is to be better secure we need a weapon better than the h bomb, and that better weapon is peaceful cooperation. we have in recent years agreed
on a limited test ban treaty. on an emergency communications link between our capitols and a statement of principles on disarmame disarmament. on cooperation in outer space and on last year's crisis over cuba. i believe thereforethat the soviet union and the united states together with their allies can achieve further agreements those that spring from our mutual interest in avoiding mute iual destruction. we must continue to seek agreement agreements. we must continue to seek agreement on safeguards against
attack including observation posts. we must continue to seek agreement on further measures to curb the nuclear arms race. converting materials to peaceful purposes and banning underground testing with adequate inspection and enforcement. we must continue to seek agreement on a freer flow. we must continue to seek agreement encouraged by the response to this proposal by the soviet foreign minister on an arrangement to keep weapons of mass destruction out of outer space. let's get back to the table to work out a practical
arrangements. finally, in a field where the united states and the soviet union have a special capacity in the field of space, there is room for new cooperation. further joint efforts in the regulation and exploration of space. i include among these possibilities a joint expedition to the moon. space offers to problems of sovereignty. they have foreswarn any claim that territorial right s in spae and declared that international law and charter will apply. why should man's first flight to the moon be a matter of competition? why should the united states and
the soviet union become involved in efforts of research and expenditure? surely we should explore whether the scientists and astronauts of our two countries -- the effort to improve the conditions of man however is not a task for a few. it is the task of all nations acting alopnalone, in groups in united states. and the hunger of children are the foes of every nation. as man had such capacity to control his own environment, to end thirty and hunger, to stop
poverty and disease. we have the power to make this the best generation of mankind in the history of the world. i want to make it the last. the provision of development assistance by individual nations must go on. but the united nations also must play a larger role by helping to bring to all men and open new vistas to developing countries. next year it will consider the needs for these new markets. more than 4/5th of the system cank found today mobilizing the
sicience and technology. more can be done. a world center for health communications under the world health organization could warn of effects of certain drugs. research centers could advance our medical knowledge and train new democratdo doctor for new n. satellites could provide information for all corners of the earth. conservation could protect the forest. improve the marine harvest of food from our oceans and prevent the contamination of air and
water. finally, a worldwide program of productivity and food distribution. similar to our foos or peace program now give every child the food he needs. if this assembly's declaration of human rights now 15 years old is to have new meaning. and new meaning is to be found. in travel and communication and increased exchanges of people. competition and ideas must flour rish and that mouust be ago fus and as fair as possible.
for this is an organization for peace. and peace cannot come without work and without progress. the peace keeping record of the united nations has been a proud one. we are fortunate to have the skills of our sting wedistingui secretary general and those who have been serving in the congo and the middle east, but what the unitedmati nations has done the past is less important than the task pour the future. we cannot take the peace keeping machinery for granted. if some members allow it to fail to meet their own. the united nations must be
supported by those who exercise their francechise here. too often a project -- i also hope the recent initiative of several members will encourage similar commitments by others. this nation remains ready to provide logistic and material support. policing is not enough. we should increase the resource of special missions of fact finding and make greater use of the court of justice. the united nations cannot survive as a static organization.
it's charter must be changed as well as it's sustoms. the authors of that charter did not intend that it be frozen. the sigh eps of weapons and war have made us one world and one human race with one common destiny in such a world. absolute sovereignty no longer assures us of absolute security. the united nations building think it's suck scesses and learning from it's failures must be developed into a genuine world security system. peace does not rest.
two years ago i told this body that the united states was ready to sign a treaty. it will not remove conflicts and secure freedom for all you but it can be a lever. it was said to have declareed to this friends give me a place where i can stand and i shall move the world. my fellow inhabitants of this planet, let us take our stand here, in this assembly of nations and let us see if we can move the world to adjusted lasting peace. [ applause ]
[ applause ] this november 22nd marks the 50th anniversary of president kennedy's assassination in dallas. join us for eyewitness accounts surrounding that fall day in 1963. watch ceremonies from the plaza in dallas and the jfk library in boston and we'll take your phone calls. remembering jfk 50 years after
dallas. all weekend american history tv is featuring ann arbor, michigan home to the university of michigan. hosted by our comcast cable partner partners learn more about ann arbor all weekend here on american history tv. >> i want to express my thanks to you. i come here tonight to say one or two words on this campaign which is now coming into the last three week. >> on october 13th, john kennedy