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tv   President Lincolns Second Inaugural Address  CSPAN  April 1, 2015 12:17am-12:34am EDT

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from sea to shining sea ♪ ♪ america, america god shed his grace on thee and crowned thy good from sea to shining sea ♪ ♪ from sea to shining sea to shining sea ♪
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♪ and crowned thy good with brotherhood from sea to shining sea ♪ [ applause ] ♪ my eyings have seen the glory of the coming of the lord ♪ ♪ he is trampling out the
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vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored ♪ ♪ he had boost the fateful lighting of his terrible, swift sword ♪ ♪ his truth is marching on ♪ ♪ glory, glory halleluiah ♪ ♪ glory, glory halleluiah ♪ ♪ glory, glory, halleluiah ♪ ♪ his truth is marching on: ♪ isle eve seen the swift chl watch of the terrible. they have keeps his righteous
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sword of bearing mass ♪ ♪ his day is marching forth. ♪ glory glory hall lieu ♪ ♪ ♪ glory, glory halleluiah ♪ ♪ his truth is marching on ♪ ♪ ♪ when the glory of his you and me god is marching on ♪
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♪ >> all i can say is, while -- w
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ow. well, all i can say is wow. thank you very much for that stirring music. ladies and gentlemen, that concludes today's program. but we have one more thing for you to do. we'd like you to get up out of your chairs, walk to the next layer of stairs here at the lincoln memorial and have a group photo. it's an opportunity to get your picture taken with president lincoln. on behalf of the national park service and the lincoln group, thank you so much for coming today. [ applause ]
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the most memorable moment of this week for me is hearing senator corey gardener saying you need to be firm in your principles, but flexible in the details. i think i really reflects, like, the solution, like the harsh polarization we're seeing across our country. and a methodology if all the state legislatures could attempt, we could come together as a country and solve many out of our pert e pert innocent issues.
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i any at the point where we have people who are willing to cross the aisle, who are willing to make these decisions with people who they may not often agree with,that's essential to maintain the security the integrity of our nation as we go on. >> high school students who generally rank academically in the top 1% of the united states were in washington, d.c. as part of the united states senate youth program sunday night at 8:00 eastern and pacific on cpn's q&a.
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>> 150 years ago this month, president lincoln gave his second inaugural address on the east front of the u.s. capital. the country was still in the midst of theive war, but thousands gathered to hear the 349 peek. the library of congress is displaying the president's man ewe self-incriminate and reading copy for a limited time due to their delicate condition. up next a visit to the lie braer's conservation lab to view the documents and learn about their importance. this is about 15 minutes. >> the ole case of this address was march 4, 1865 for lincoln's second inaugural. people were expecting, i imagine, a much more sell bratorial kind of a speech. the war hasn't been -- it wasn't over.
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it would still continue for a little more than a month. you would expect someone to have more of a triumphant address. but, actually, what you see in lincoln's first inaugural is just over 700 words. and, instead, he says essentially, the war was caused by slavery, but it was a national sin. so god is the one who is determining how much longer this war is going to continue. and, when ever lash taken -- every drop of blood from the lash is congressmen tated, then he'll say alass, the war is over. then it's up into god's hands and he ends with that famous line with malice toward none and charity from all.
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with firmness from the right as god gives us to see the right and then to bind out the nation's womb, to care for his orphan and widow. essentially, it starts with what was the past? what caused the war? where are we currently in the present, which is this will continue until god determines otherwise. and then it works in the future with what we should do in the future. so essentially, it's a bit about his recon sfrux plan that we're not going to be -- or at least he didn't want to be vindictive or vengeful. lincoln always believes there should be a more charitable end.
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so there is's a lot going on in those woshds. what lincoln would often do is try them out in letters and speeches and then they would get woven out. this is abraham lincoln's
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handwriting. flynn would have been the typesetter who actually put this in to type. lincoln got back in uncorrected proof, which he then decided to cut and paste to show how he wanted to read the address. so you see that in four paragraphs, in the manuscript draft, he's cut it up in little sections so he could know how he wanted to read the address, what the pacing was and what i always think is the most interesting of how he wanted to read it. if you see any of the other copies and the word cane is just at the oend of this paragraph. he's describing four years ago on my first inaugural, we had many more reasons to have a longer address.
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he accounts for the reasons why the war had started. one thing you can always learn about lincoln it's more of a light hearted way. lincoln wrote for how people were going to hear his speech not necessarily sitting by with a book of grammar. so he would write how he wanted his audience to hear something. so if he wantd them to take a pause, he'll add a comma. the printer is looking from more of a grammatical point of view.
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so when you get to the reading parts, he's adding commas again. you also see he's attempting to write in a poetic or lyrical way. all nations sounds much better than with the world. so, again for a very small address, there's -- he said the southern half, in regards to slavery. there was slavery in this southern half. well half of the nation wasn't the confederacy.
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there's a dpramatic difference in terms of who he's talking about. >> people have asked well are there other copies in the second innaug ral. i'm only aware of him writing out one paragraph, but again, people didn't know how short of a time he had left. >> and how did the library of congress come to own these two copies? >> well, we know exactly how the manuscript draft came to us. that on the reverse of the fourth page, it's actually inscribed by lincoln in april, 1865 to his secretary, john haye. it was through the haye family that the man ewe self-incriminate came into contact.

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