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tv   American History TV  CSPAN  June 6, 2015 8:23am-8:31am EDT

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. >> the new congressional directory is a handy guide to the 114th congress, with color photos of every senator and house member, plus bio and contact information, and twitter handles, also, district maps, a foldout map of capitol hill, and a look at congressional committees, the president cabinet, federal agencies and state governments, order your copy today, $13.95 plus shipping and handling to the c-span
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online store at c-span.org. all weekend, american history tv is featuring lincoln nebraska, william jennings bryan, i nebraska politician, public speaker, and writer, moved to lincoln in 1887, he served in the u.s. house of representatives, edited the omaha world herald and ran for president in 1890, 1896, and 1908. posted by time warner cable partners, the city's tour staff visited many sites showcasing the city's history, learn more about lincoln all weekend here on american history tv. >> before lincoln became the capital of nebraska in 1867, it was the village of lancaster throughout the time of statehood in 1867, the population would have been between 13 and 30.
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there were no businesses to speak of, the houses were crude so when it was built nothing to attract the capital. the capital came here was for an entirely different reasons there was no water -- navigable water, no trees, no minerals, with the exception of salt. they thought the salt flats, which were to the north west of lincoln, would make a good industry, to support the capital. the primary interest was not moving it to lancaster, it was to move it out of omaha. for several reasons, the people in bellevue and other cities in missouri were unhappy that they had not gotten the capital. one of the other features they were looking for was someplace closer to the center population. the capital commission, the
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requirements for the capital commission were drawn by thomas perkins kinard, the first secretary of state of nebraska. he drew it so that he was on the capital commission along with the first governor of nebraska, david butler and the first auditor, john gillespie. they are the ones that made the decision to move in here. the legislature had stipulated that they wanted to move the capital if they would move it, once and for all, as far west of it -- as anybody lived or would live in nebraska. spanish and french mapmakers and historians and travelers and explorers had designated the better part of the northwest portion of nebraska as the great american hazard. -- desert. one had written that west of this line, current lancaster, no
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man will ever live and nothing will ever grow. the legislature reasoned that if they moved the capital up to the edge of that line, even know it would be in the southeast corner , it would put the capital close to the center population. thomas perkins kennard came up with the government that came with the republicans. nebraska became a state. he was interested in getting the capital out of omaha. in many stores, he is considered the father of lincoln. not only did he vote with the capital commission to move it to lincoln, he was instrumental in bringing about the original city of lincoln. this -- the members were making a statement, they had to rationalize their moving the
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capital of nebraska from omaha a city of several thousand, to a village of 13 230. one thing they did to show their confidence, was they agreed to go against the legislature in buying lots in lincoln and building houses of substance so they could show their confidence. this house we are standing in, would roughly it -- has interesting architectural features, the door sells -- the door and windowsills were made of an experiment of stone -- experimental stone. they were afraid it was not going to work. they capped them with metal. a house that does not contain this today, would be an
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exception because it is known now as concrete walk. -- concrete block. folks will now see the house the same as was -- as it was then. the furniture lighting, with the exception of a picture and a boot jack, were not the possessions of mr. kennard's. we have the parlor, dining room, kitchen, and office on the first floor, there was a wing which extended to the south which was a kitchen wing. it has been torn off and consideration about putting it back, because we know exactly where it sat. it is a simple floor plan. lincoln is very young. the state is very young.
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if you do not have things that are original, you have nothing to say this was here to start with. from the point of view of children who find it hard to conceive anything older than 1900 or 1950, to have a few things left, something to learn from. it is certainly that. >> learn more www.c-span.org. you are watching american history tv all weekend, every weekend on cspan3. >> next, a panel examines factors that contributed to religious growth in america

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