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tv   National Historic Preservation Act 50th Anniversary  CSPAN  October 25, 2016 1:40am-2:15am EDT

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bella abzug from new york. and she eventually serves on the house rules committee, which is a powerful committee in the house. but throughout her career is kind of, again, another person who is a symbolic or a surrogate representative. not just for african americans, but for women. and following her throughout the next four decades are roughly 40 african american women who are elected to congress. and that's an impressive number when you look at that number relative to the number of african americans who have served in congress from the beginning. it's a much larger percentage than for example caucasian women or hispanic women or asian american women. so, again, kind of the rising influence of women within that community and their role in
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congress. >> you know, one of the things that is interesting about looking at women in congress and african american women in congress is seeing the role on the national stage. and we have a couple artifacts here that really illustrate that. here is a cover of "ebony" magazine from 1969. right when shirley chisholm first took office. and she is on the cover. and really, it says "new faces in congress. mrs. shirley chisholm is first black woman on capitol hill." and she like many other members of congress become important national figure, particularly in the african american press. for example, right around the time when the congressional black caucus is created, "ebony" magazine is able to put a lot of folks on the cover as that's created. and it really becomes an
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important caucus, important issues-based group. but each of these individual people become important in different ways to different communities. yvonne burk is here seen on the cover of "jet" twice, once in the 1960s when it says "women who may become congresswomen." and she does not become congresswoman in 1967. but a little bit later on she does, is elected to congress. and very much shows up on the covers of actually a lot of magazines as a face not just of black women in congress, but of women in congress and of younger women in congress. she is the first member of congress to have a baby while she is serving. and she shows up on an "ebony" magazine cover holding her little baby in something that probably the first time there had been such a cover of a lawmaker holding a brand-new baby. shirley chisholm also becomes a national figure in ways that are
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shown by two these buttons we have here in the collection. they don't say anything about shirley chisholm running for congress do, they? they are all about shirley chisholm running for president. shirley chis some, she is our girl for president. shirley chisholm for president to represent all americans. and you can see the woman symbol around her face in the center really place herself in with a feminist agenda. and that was something that was very much important to her. and on the national stage in 1972 election was very much putting together a very interesting group of people. and if you look at film clips of her at the democratic convention, it's real interesting to see her really seasoned talking about her delegates and what she is going to do with them. they're very skilled politicians who also become, as you say, show horse approaches to things. so when you see behind the scenes and in front of the scenes, you really see a lot of action going on in the '70s. >> i stand before you today as a
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candidate for the democratic nomination for the presidency of the united states of america. [ applause ] >> when the congressional black caucus is founded in the very early '70s, one thing they do that really sort of is striking as something that brings them to more prominence than just yet another caucus in congress is that they really become a -- they really place themselves in a national context. and one example of that is this fantastic record album. it's the first annual benefit concert for the congressional black caucus and was held at the capitol center. and featured such fantastic people as kool and the gang, how can you not like that? and gladys knight and the pips, and was very successful and was part and parse to feel
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congressional black caucus being a source of power there are thousands of artifacts in the house collection of art and artifacts. and these are just a few of them. you can learn a lot more about them on our website which is history.house.gov. but even more important than going to the website and finding out about stuff, the thing that i think is important is these are all objects that really represent this incredibly long history of an incredibly long and important institution. and each and every one of these from an object like ron dellums "our congressman" that is just text on a background to something that is far grander like a portrait or a picture of shirley chisholm on the cover of a magazine. each of these is putting a little bit of a human face on the history of the house of representatives. and it makes the institution just that much more accessible to all of us so that we can really get a sense of who were these people? who were the people who represent us, who counts in american democracy, and what is
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our role in it too. >> the history of african americans in congress is an important one for us to preserve and tell. it tells us, really tells us the story at two different levels. one of them is the history of our institution, and some of the dynamic people who have been a part of it. some of the unique personalities. and also how our institution evolved as african americans became part of that. and it's in that perspective too that the other story that is being told here is the one of the african american experience nationally post civil war, from reconstruction to jim crow to the great migration to increased political participation during the mid 20th century civil rights movement, and the revolution that that brought. so it's really telling two very important stories that the house is both affected by and also affects.
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>> to see more photographs, artwork and images of african americans in congress, visit history.house.gov. the website is a collaborative project between the u.s. house of representatives historians office and the house clerks office of art and archives. and coming up tuesday night, american history tv in prime time continues featuring one of the founding father, alexander hampton. including a discussion on the sold out musical "hamilton." that's at 8:00 p.m. tuesday, here on c-span3. at a campaign rally for hillary clinton, massachusetts senator elizabeth warren criticized donald trump for disrespecting women. you can see all of the rally at c-span.org. here is a brief part of it.
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donald trump disrespect, aggressively disrespects more than half the human beings in this country. he thinks that because he has money that he can call women fat pigs and bimbos. he thinks because he is a celebrity that he can rate women's bodies from 1 to 10. he thinks that because he has a mouth full of tic tacs that he can force himself on any woman within groping distance. i've got news for you, donald trump, women have had it with i goes like you. [ applause ] and, and nasty women have really had it with guys like you. yeah. get this, donald, nasty women are tough.
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nasty women are smart. and nasty women vote. [ applause ] and on november 8th, we nasty women are going to march our nasty feet to cast our nasty votes to get you out of our lives forever. [ applause ] on election day, november 8th, the nation decides our next president and which party controls the house and senate. stay with c-span for coverage of the presidential race, including campaign stops with hillary clinton, donald trump, and their surrogates. and follow key house and senate races with our coverage of their candidate debates and speeches. c-span, where history unfolds daily.
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c-span brings you more debates this week from key u.s. senate and governor races. tuesday evening at 7:00 eastern, live coverage on c-span. the indiana governors debate between eric holcomb, and libertarian rex bell. wednesday at 7:00 live on c-span, democratic congressman chris van hollen, then the debate for the florida senate between republican senator marco rubio and democratic congressman patrick murphy. and live thursday night at 8:00 eastern republican senator kelly ayotte and democratic governor maggie hassen, debate for the new hampshire seat. watch house and governors races on the c-span networks. c-span.org and listen on the c-span radio app. c-span, where history unfolds daily.
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to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the national historic perez indication act, an event hosted with parks director robert stanton. this is half an hour. >> good morning. welcome to the united states capitol visits center. my name is beth plemens. and have i the pleasure of being the center's chief executive officer. we're delighted to have you here today as we celebrate the 50th anniversary of the national historical preservation act. our exhibits and education team have planned a full day of activities, and i do hope that you can fit those into your schedule, as many of those activities as possible. on december 2 in 2008, nearly eight years ago, we opened our doors to the public, and we have
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welcomed over 17 million visitors to the capitol. one of the themes that we share with those visitors is the role of the architect of the capitol. the architect of the capitol is the steward of the historic buildings and grounds on capitol hill. in 1800, congress left philadelphia and moved into approximately 25,000 square feet. that's the original north wing of the capitol. today and with the help of a team of 2300 employees, the responsibilities of the architect of the capitol include stewardship of nearly 17.4 million square feet of building space, the care and maintenance of hundreds of acres, thousands of trees and plantings, and the preservation of countless artistic and historic treasures. leading the steam the honorable
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steven t. ayers who i will now invite to you to talk about the national historical preservation act of 1976. please join me in welcome steven ayers, the architect of the capitol. >> thank you so much, beth. and good morning, everyone. welcome to preservation day at the united states capitol. and we are celebrating the 50th anniversary of the national historic preservation act. and i don't know about you, but i can think of no better place to honor such a historic piece of legislation than right here in the shadow of the capitol dome just steps away from the two houses of congress that passed this important piece of legislation for our great country. and i want to speak today for just a minute about what i find
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so personally important about the national historic preservation act of 1966. of course the nation already had the antiquities act of 1906 and the historic sites act of 1935. and these were two very important steps on the path to understanding the significance of preservation. and these acts, i believe focused on buildings and sights and monuments and important objects, all a important but missing elements that enable us to more fully and accurately reflect what defines a place. and it was this national historic preservation act of 1966, which is on display right here in exhibition hall of the capitol visitors center. you'll find it right over there. hopefully you can see it. it was this act that not only
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sought to protect our nation's most treasured buildings, but perhaps more importantly, recognized and placed great value on people and communities and culture. it recognized that often it's the stories and the events and memories and feelings both past and present that make a place special. it's these elements that create special meaning for people and communities. and i call this the enlightenment of preservation, a much more informed and enlightened understanding of what makes a place special and worth preserving. and so i'd like to thank all of you for -- i'd like all of you to think for a moment about the first time you saw the capitol
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dome. and perhaps it was from the west as you were walking up and you passed by the summer house on the west front of the capitol where travelers of yesteryear stopped to rest as they climbed the hill and approached the capitol. and you could see it through a thicket of tree, some as old as landscape architect fredrick olm land stead himself. and perhaps the dome which is seemingly to beckon you to come closer and closer and trek up the hill. but as you approached not only did you see this great building and great structure that sits atop, but you also thought about what happens here and what you have read about this place, and what people have told you about the place. the stories you have heard and read.
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and it's all of this that make this place special and worth preserving. and here at the capitol we do indeed pay homage to both this tangible and intangible history every day in our stewardship role. our team uses both modern and historic trade craft to care for this capitol campus. i know our decorative artists specialize in preserving the great artwork that is here, using techniques from 100 to 150 years ago. of course our most tangible efforts recently have been the restoration of the capitol dome. and i like to say, and i believe that we executed this project with integrity. and i know all of you preservationists out there will understand what i mean by
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integrity. and we're taking great care to preserve the historic fabric of this great dome by salvaging pieces of the dome and reusing them to the extent we can. and replacing instead of replacing ornamentation, we're repairing it, and again using as much material as possible, learning from previous repair techniques and incorporating them into and using current day technology. we're also capturing the images and the stories of the people that have come across this great country to work on the capitol dome. and making all of that available. and it's, again, not just the building, but it's the stories and events and history and memories that are made and continue to be shared that make such a place.
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not only did the historic preservation act, signed by lyndon johnson, of course, require federal agencies to evaluate and fully evaluate historic properties, but it also created the national register of historic places, and our partner for today, the president's advisory council on historic preservation. and i'm delighted to be able to serve on this council. and i also currently chair the federal agency committees program. so thank you to the advisory council for being our partner today. and a great partner you are. i know all of you love history, as i do i. and it's my duty and my honor as architect of the capitol to preserve much of our history here on capitol hill for future generations. and i assure you it's a labor of
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love. it's not a job. it's a passion that excites me every single day as i come to work. so thank you for joining us for this day-long event to highlight our stewardship role, the importance of place. and how we work every day to inspire those 17 million people that beth plemmons talked about, that come through that front door every year, inspiring them about the work that we do and about this great place. so now, ladies and gentlemen, it's my pleasure to introduce our keynote speaker, and a good friend of mine that i met while serving on the advisory council for historic preservation, mr. bob stanton. bob was unanimously confirmed by
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the united states senate as the 15th director of the national park service in 1997 and served in that capacity until january of 2001. since the beginning of his career in 1962, the year i was born, bob, since beginning his career in 1962 as a park ranger at the grand teton national park in wyoming, he has dedicated his life's work to improving the preservation and management of the nation's rich and diverse national and cultural resources. bob continues to be actively engaged with a number of national conservation organizations and initiative, having cofounded the african american experience fund of the national park foundation. he is and has been a nationally
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recognized through numerous awards and citations for his outstanding public service and leadership and conservation and historic preservation and youth programs. and most recently, he participated in the joint advisory council on historic preservation and national park service journey through hallowed ground partnership initiative titled of the student, by the student, and for the student at harper's ferry national historic park. so ladies and gentlemen, please join me in welcoming the honorable robert g stanton. [ applause ] >> it has been state d that the
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strength and character of a nation is determined by how it cares for its people, its natural and cultural heritage. good morning. i want to thank you, steve for that very gracious introduction and certainly to ms. plemmons. and i hasten to bring you greetings on behalf of the chairman of the advisory council, wayne dollinson. many of our friends and colleagues and supporters are with us for this special occasion, and they join me, stephen, on applauding you on your stellar leadership as the architect of the capitol and certainly your kind invitation for the council to partner with you on this special occasion. it has to be noted that one could easily grow accustomed to these surroundings.
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and i cannot covet them too much since you are a member of the other branch of government. but nevertheless, we are delight to be here. stephen mentioned the importance of pausing for a moment to reflect on the journey we have traveled the past 50 years. to recognize that we have the responsibility individually and collectively to preserve the richness of this nation. and in that light, i do have few remarks that i will share with you. and when i accepted the invitation on behalf of our chairman and responded to stephen that yes i'll be there, and i conferred with him in terms of the program, the audience, and what have you. and he said, bob, there is only one thing that i would advise
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you on. is that i would hope that you would adhere to those innate characteristics for all native texans are known. simply this, brevity and humility. and in that order. so i will try to be brief. but to talk about the importance of historic preservation and to talk about the importance of your national park service where i devoted almost a third of a century of my life is difficult to be humble and certainly it's difficult to be brief. but i will attempt adhere to that. because i know there are many members of the advisory council staff who are here along with yours truly and our executive director who want to interact with you and certainly with the visiting public. just south of the rotunda here in the capitol you'll find a room housing statues of many men
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and women who helped make this country as great as it is. samuel adam, dwight eisenhower, miss helen keller. but there is one statuary in the hall that means a great deal to me. it's a lady who had the courage in 1955 to defy the doctrine of separate but equal in transportation and other accommodations. and in that fateful year, she chose not to relinquish her seat to a white gentleman. and therefore that ignited a protest ultimately led by 26-year-old baptist minister in montgomery, alabama. martin luther king jr., known today as the montgomery boycott. started in that year. and with so many protests
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following involving so many thousand of children, students, ministers, businessmen, led eventually to president johnson in 1964 signing the civil rights act revoking, if you will, the doctrine established by the supreme court in 1896 that, yes, as a nation, we should and could live as separate but equal citizens. but that law also abolished jim crow laws. it reversed the practice of discrimination and employment, the inaccessibility to public places. so that was a major piece of legislation in 1964. and for the very first time in my 23 years in my home state of
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texas, i could enter the front door to order a cup of coffee where my mother served as a short order cook. so i have seen a lot that have occurred in this country. and insistent with that was our embracement of our collective heritage that stephen so eloquently spoke about. but i had the great opportunity in terms of my first official introduction to conservation and preservation many years before a lot of you were the sparkle of your parents' eyes, 54 years ago, as a seasonal ranger in grand teton national park. and then became a clear chloe plo in 1966. all of that was due to the courageous leadership of a young secretary of the interior appointed by maybe a younger president of the united states, john f. kennedy. and he did that before the civil rights act of '64, appointing
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yours truly as a seasonal ranger. so i've seen a lot that have happened. and it so happened, stephen, that i was in the national office of the park service at the young careers when onto october 15th president johnson signed the national historic preservation act. so that act has been a part of my entire career with the federal government. but i cannot talk about historic preservation without going just a little bit into the national park service. and i think some of you can understand. some might even forgive me for doing this. but having been associated with it for so many years, it's hard to get away from it, although i have not been associated the past 16 years. through the most recent use of the antiquities act again that stephen recognized by president
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obama, there are now 413 areas administered by your national parks service. every state has a park unit, american samoa, guam, u.s. virgen islands, puerto rico. interestingly enough, more than two-thirds, two-thirds of those 413 areas speak to our development as a people, as a nation. they are our culture resources. unfortunately, some people offer up in their own mind that when we talk about national park area, primarily the large scenic natural wonders. but 2/3 of the areas administered by the park areas are consistent with the letter and the spirit of historic preservation act, speaking to us as a people and as a nation. but in addition to administering those 413 areas, the national park service has responsibility
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for administering the land and water conservation for historic preservation fund. and certainly the national register of historic places. and it does a magnificent job in carrying out those responsibilities. i share with you briefly my own experiences, and that experience is mirrored by the over 300 million citizens that each of us have our own heritage. each of us have our own story to tell. there is not one version of history. different versions of our past should be remembered and preserved, because they mean different things to you and me. our history is part of who we are, who we want to be, and who we should be. the national historic preservation act of 1966 was written to ensure we save those places that mark the history and the rich tapestry of america.
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it would not be appropriate for me not to reference that the historic preservation act grew out of a recognition that we had to reverse some practices here in this country. we were heavily moving after world war ii with infrastructure improvements, if you will, applying a new concept in terms of how our cities and communities should be developed. we coined the concept of urban renewal where we did in fact raise many properties. we scarred many places that were dear to us. but for progress in the name of urban renewal, we wiped those places clean. and then with the advent 60 years ago of a structure or facility that each of us used every day, the interstate highway system.
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and think about it. a massive, massive development. and perhaps in the '50s when it was initiated we were not as extensive protecting the richness of our culture places such as indian sites as we move forward and illustrate. so the conference of mayors took all of that into consideration, and came up with a very comprehensive report with the assistance of the national trust for historic preservation, the national park service, the department of the interior, other federal agencies and many civic and community based organizations. and publish a very moving report with heritage so rich. and basically, that set the framework for the 1966 national historic preservation act, with the heritage so rich that if we did not reverse the course, the
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richness would be tarnished and perhaps would be lost forever. so we owe a great deal of thanks to those visionaries back in the '60s who said that we need to take an action on behalf of the american people and on behalf of the nation to recognize the importance of our cultural heritage. but before 1966, historic preservation was understood in one dimensional terms. but the act signals a broader view which has led to a breadth and scope of the conservation movement. rather than saving a place only with national significance, such as national historic landmarks, the national register of historic places protect buildings, sites, object, significant landscapes and other important culture resources at the state and local jurisdiction. like the

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