tv Pearl Harbor Attack Civilian Survivors CSPAN December 10, 2016 10:48pm-11:01pm EST
come across a japanese soldier or aviator, i'm going to knock him down and beat him up and kick him in the groin. three years, almost four years later when i was out serving in burma, i did get a clans to visit a p.o.w. camp. >> i want you to tell me the story, which i know is a difficult one for you, about the time as a soldier you were turned away along with all other japanese from serving your country. can you tell us briefly about that? >> leading up to that, the rotc which responded on the morning of december 7th, that afternoon was ordered to be converted into
hawaii territorial guard. and so they were about 500, 600 of us. and we were assigned to guard the city for the next six weeks. then in the middle of january we were -- our company commander called us in and said, you know, with tears in his eyes, he said, i'm sorry but all of you guys of japanese ancestry, you're discharged. japanese ancestry, you're and up to then there was no sign or evidence of any kind of, you know, distrust or doubt as to know, distrust or doubt as to
the fact that we were, you know, americans, just like anybody else. but suddenly to be told that you are no longer trusted, wanted to serve your country, you know, we grew up with all the other kids of other races and never had any thought about the fact that some day we might be rejected by your own country. it was a terrible feeling. like i say, i felt like the bottom of my life had dropped out. >> ted, one other story that is so unique is a story about your brother and you. and this is -- a lot of people don't realize this. in fact, i didn't realize this, that in many ways, for those of
japanese ancestry, the pacific war was a civil war, because many of the japanese americans or who held dual citizenship that were in japan traditionally getting education there and there for a short time, especially from hawaii were caught there once the war started. and, of course, one of those was ted's brother. can you tell us the story briefly? >> i have an older brother, five years older than me. his name is jim. in 1936 or '7 he went to n yfrnlthszu guggenheim school of air naughtics and he became one of the pioneers in getting a degree in aeronautical engineering. upon graduation, even with the professor he wasn't hired by
boeing or any of the big american aviation companies ostensibly because of his race. so he came home to hawaii, and even hawaiian airlines here wouldn't hire him. so he -- somebody told him why don't you go to japan and look around, and that was in 1941. i don't know why he didn't catch the last boat out, but he got caught in japan and he spent a nightmarish four years in japan -- the japanese cam pay tie which is their fbi, raided his rooms because in the japanese eyes, anybody from america was a spy.
and he got drafted by the japanese army, and, you know, because of the fact that he was an american, he used to get beat up by the corporals and his superiors, and he just had a miserable time because he's not -- he wasn't accepted or trusted in his own country and goes to japan, land of his ancestors and he's treated like an american. you might say that his story was one of a man without a country. >> but your feelings towards him, you didn't know the story. can you share that? your feelings after the war not knowing that story, how you felt towards him and how you united as brothers, but your feelings were very different when you
found out he was in japan, can you share that with us? >> well, you know, after the war he regained his full american citizenship. and in california he got a job with north american aviation and another aircraft company. and by this time he was -- he was really in demand because he could speak japanese, and the american aircraft companies were doing business with japan. so he was very -- a big help to the officials of the airline industry industry. so he happy post-war life and settled down in oregon. he passed away last year.
>> but when he came to family reunions, you were angry with him not knowing that story? >> no, i wouldn't say angry. we are curious to know what his war experience was like in japan. he always brushed me off. you know, put it off. so finally when he was in his last days, i visited him and asked him again. he said i'll never tell that story because i just hate the japanese so much for what he endured. >> how would you like those that served and japanese-americans that served their country in the 100 mis, how would you like them remembered? >> i think the 100-442 was
considered to be the most decorated military unit in world war ii for its size. just the regiment and time in battle which is less than a year fighting campaigns in italy, france, and back to italy. coincidentally, last month, they received the congressional medal of honor which was, you know, very high honor. here in hawaii, we will observe that on december 17th with a parade in waikiki and a lunch that we will be awarded replicas of the medal. >> thank you, ted.
>> sunday on american history tv on c-span3, a symposium on world war ii spy said codebreakers. the fbi and a nazi spy ring in new york city, and an american family who aided the french resistance and occupied harris. >> this is very serious, obviously. she had a husband, she had a 15-year-old son. s a placeng to use it a where the resistance could meet, she was risking not only her life but her husband's and son's. >> and in the 1920's, andian-american archivists were tried and executed for murder in massachusetts, despite the lack of supporting evidence. a law professor discusses the controversy surrounding the case
inside the supreme court chamber, with introductions by justice ruth bader ginsburg. >> at nine: 10:00 p.m., they were transferred to the death house. the governor, after reading the unanimous committee report, declares that they had had a fair trial. the boston press declared the case closed. >> at 8:00 on the presidency, historian george nash talks about herbert hoover's humanitarian efforts during world war i and world war ii. >> in the course of these exertions, hoover, working voluntarily and without pay, became an international hero. the embodiment of the new force in global politics. american benevolence in the form of humanitarian aide programs. >> for a complete schedule, go to c-span.org. >> often, when you look at a toject, you like afterwards
see whether you have achieved your objectives and at what cost. i wanted to see, through this last half-century of military intervention, partisan politics aside, morality aside, what happens after the party is over. what are the aftereffects of four? what are the humanity and nature costs on both sides? >> 78 on "q&a," media entrepreneur discusses his "war: the after party, a global walkabout through a half century of u.s. military intervention," which chronicles his traveling four? what are the humanity and nature costs on bothexperiences througs affected by u.s. intervention. >> we all come with some form of bias. i went to all these places with an open mind, not so much trying to understand what a partisan tont of view might be, but at -- was the mission
accomplished? what are the costs on both ends? >> sunday night at 8:00 eastern on c-span's "q&a." >>the surprise attack led to the u.s. entry into world war ii. next, the u.s. navy and national park service mark the 75th anniversary of the attack with ceremonya at pearl harbor. at -- was the mission accomplished? what are the costs on both ends? admiral harry harris, headed the u.s. pacific command, delivers the keynote address. this is just under 90 minutes. >> good morning, ladies and gentlemen, and welcome to today's joint national park united states navy national pearl harbor remembrance day ceremony. i am lieutenant robert franklin and i am truly honored to serve