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tv   Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal Collection  CSPAN  September 2, 2017 10:17am-10:30am EDT

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friendship between hoover and truman. >> it is easy to overlook the fact that they both had groups and farming communities, they had known economic hardship and self-reliance, there are transformed by the confederation of world war i, and they lived in the shadow franklin d. roosevelt. >> monday, the 1967 detroit riots. >> we prefer to think about it like rebellion because all of the energy and anger and activism that went into that moment had long been predicted. people had been baking for some remedy -- begging for some remedy for the economic discrimination, housing inequality, so that frustration cannot be understood as just chaotic and incoherent. it was a rebellion. >> three-day labor day weekend on american history tv on c-span 3. rear on the campus of gonzaga
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university, we will visit the archives and special collections to look at documents from the tokyo war crimes tribunal's in 1946. stephanie: today, we are at a gone to university, looking at the tribunal for the far east or the tokyo war crimes, and these papers relate to the trial that went on against the 20 military people and the civilians who were responsible for the federal war, too. at this military tribunal, it was established i have in 12 different countries and nine prosecuting attorneys from putous countries that would these individuals on trial. one of the key people on defense general, a general of the
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imperial army and prime minister, and he was the one responsible for the decision to bomb pearl harbor in 1941. , so how come they had these papers? they were actually there at the trials. he became ill and asked his friend to come to japan and help them out and cover for him while he was ill, so he stayed on. he was supposed to be on a couple of beers that state or two years and helped with that. he brought these four boxes of materials back to the united states. one went to the national archives and the other came to gone guns university, his alma mater -- go gonzo university in 1989. in of tokyo after the war, american troops
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were involved with the occupation of japan. tokyos the city map of showing the best routes and places american soldiers should or could go while in the city, like the imperial palace of different religious centers or this is a map, so set up for the american soldiers to go. on the back, they have given more support, where they can visit to make your stay pleasant and profitable. here are some things you should see and do during your visit to tokyo. go,e have places they can places to eat, tokyo, the city itself, sites they might want to visit while in town. what i have in front of me is 69 pages of the doctrine is asian papers in the--
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original formats, airy thick paper hole punched, but i wanted to read the charges with pearl harbor. delivery,sent to the approximately the same time the pearl harbor attack occurred, the plan to carry out its undertaking without due notice of failure to conform with international procedures pertaining to hostilities and violated international treaties, assurances to which japan was a party signatory. an interrogation, it was admitted that he was the one responsible for the attack on pearl harbor, but he said the cabinet was jointly responsible and as senior member, he was the one chiefly responsible. he retained the army chief of staff and navy chief of staff also had responsibility. he knew and prove them all.
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in a panicky effort to formalize the events which had occurred, and imperial script was issued by japan on december 8, 1941, declaring war on the united states and british empire, so this documentation shows how they were accusing him in his actual words and his involvement to it the decision to attack pearl harbor. in front of me, i have documentation about prisoner of war conditions during world war ii. this is a report of the prison camp in shanghai and tear at the andsations, conditions football, sanitary conditions abominable, water supply for fires, no fuel insufficient blankets, in
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winter, 15 degrees to 20 degrees below zero, no food issued, no supplies, no medical in march, 1942, and american pow who escaped from camp was recaptured and tried by court-martial and under the provisions of the japanese military law, as a deserter from the japanese army and sentenced to 10 years confinement. the next part reads in the defense evidence that in december of 1942, the pow was justly treated and the swiss international red cross was delighted when they inspected the shanghai pow camp. camp inis from the pow another location, at least 10 men died from hardships experienced between the shipping camp. each pow left with a shirt and ts -- pair of pants,
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and the food was inconsistent with rice and vegetable. one sergeant and two privates and the p.o.w. dr. and assistants were severely beaten every morning by the japanese sergeant. those who reported were nearly knocked down. patients in the hospital were beaten up and many died within a few hours of the beating. crimesthe tokyo war tribunal, it was decided not to prosecute the emperor and his family for war crimes because they felt general macarthur and president truman that it was appropriate they have him still in office and that would help the occupation that they would have his support and the japanese people would be more willing with the occupation by having the emperor still around. another collection we have is
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related to the tokyo war crimes a buddhistript of priest hired by the americans to come serve and work with the men and a prison, the place where these military criminals were housed after the end of world war ii. from his read meetings. he met four times before his execution and here is something that tojo wanted the public to know, the trial is over and having the filled my duties to some extent, i am filled with relief. the sentence so far is as deserved. not abley that i was to assume the responsibilities by myself and that it brought my colleagues trouble. i sincerely regret it. at least the trial, through the trial, nothing carried up to the emperor and on that point i'm
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comforted. only for those of my countrymen who suffered from the war, my death sentence is not absolve me for my responsibilities. i am sorry for that. verdict, at this time, it matters of humanity and the atrocities committed against listeners, i fully regret and believe deplorable. it is my -- it is fully my own responsibility that i was unable to drive home in the army and elsewhere the traditional benevolence of the japanese people and humanity of emperor. i want the people in the world not to misunderstand this. this was brought about by the discretions on small parts of the army. the entire japanese are not so. i hope the people of the world to not misunderstand the score. want them tos, i realize it was misconduct on part of the military. in front of me is a folder titled the summation of the prosecution.
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this was what the prosecutors did prior to going to judgment. it says, make it please the tribunal to borrow a phrase from the law. we have reached the closing of the gates. the better part of two years have been engaged in the preparation and presentation of the evidence in this case. there remains now the summation and judgment of this court. for anylong period criminal trial but there are many reasons and ample justification thereof. the matters under inquiry are not at all of the nature of those with which our domestic tribunals had been considered criminals. per." we are examining events of the greatest historical importance, lively affecting affairs of the world, occurring over a period of 14 years. this has required calling witnesses from all over the world in the production of important state documents rot
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from afar from countries -- brought from afar from europe and united states, eventually unearth in archives from the japanese government. even in japan, this presented important in reviewing evidence after persistent efforts. >> are cities tour staff travel to spokane, washington, to learn about its rich history. learn more about spokane and other stops at /citiestour. you were watching american history tv, all weekend, every weekend on c-span3. >> we continue now with our look at the history of spokane. afterwards,ght on
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talk radio host on the expansion of the federal government and with the country must do to what the founders intended in his book "rediscovering americanism." he is interviewed by jim demint. >> have we reached the point where we cannot get back? are we now overwhelmed in the culture, in politics, in the media with this aggressiveness and -- progressiveness, phone egalitarianism, the smothering of individuals? has it to come so entrenched in our institution that there's no way to rip it out? i say this, we have to do everything we can, confronted, to debate it, to explain to our fellow citizens what is taking place. we simply have no choice. >> watch afterwards sunday night at 9:00 p.m. eastern on c-span2
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c-span. we are history unfolds daily. created as aan was public service by america's public television companies and is thought to today by your cable or satellite provider. >> each week, american artifacts takes you to museums and historic places to learn about american history. next, we tour the presidential vehicles collection at the henry ford museum in dearborn, michigan. transportation curator matt anderson shows of cars used by presidents truman, eisenhower, carter, and reagan, and the lincoln continental that john f. kennedy was riding in when he was assassinated. matt: my name is matt anderson. i am curator of transportation here at the henry ford. we are inside the henry ford museum of american innovation. just outside our driving america ext,


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