tv Soviet Medias Portrait of the United States CSPAN October 1, 2017 9:41pm-10:01pm EDT
for information on our schedule and to keep up with the latest history news. >> in 2011, the cia's information management services declassified over 200 documents regarding intelligence on the soviet union that the cia provided the reagan administration. included were video briefings graded by the director of intelligence for policy makers. up next on "reel america," one of those briefings titled soviet meetings portrait of the united states. a nine minute video from about 1986. >> [speaking russian] the people don't have power in your country. what you have is crime, sadism and unemployment. and don't think you're young people do anything but harm to their country. ♪ >> "beat it" was an unprecedented hit.
]>[speaking russian >> the americans are preparing for war. we don't want more, we are preparing for self-defense. america tries to supply other countries with more and more armaments. what do they need all those weapons for? ♪ >> [speaking russian] >> our tv can always be trusted. i would never trust american tv,
all of those channels and different programs. >> in recent years, the soviet media has said much about the american way of life and its portrait of america is a dark one. it is designed to convince the soviet people that our social system is anything but desirable. it emphasizes violence, drug abuse, unemployment and overall exportation of the american people by the government. since the average soviet citizen has no alternative source of information about the united states, the soviet version is probably accepted at face value. the soviet people, however, seem to be curious about america, and impressed by its material success. last year, a lengthy article was published titled "incurable disease," which dealt with u.s. unemployment and bank failures.
about the same time moscow was saying 40 million americans were "literally starving," while a select group of capitalist continued to get richer. moscow television celebrated the fourth of july last year by assuring viewers that "america is the quintessence of an unjust capitalist system that keeps millions of families living below the official poverty line." the unemployed are described as being deprived of the right to work, while moscow television shows film of locked factory gates and people being evicted from their homes. the message and all that is the capitalist system in america is unfair and is, in fact, a failure at providing for basic human needs or maintaining continued national growth. this broadly distorted statement is aimed at convincing the soviet people that soviet
communism works much better by providing economic security for them. the u.s. economy, as described by the soviet media, is being driven by rating militarism. defense spending is reported to be the cause of unemployment in civilian industries, and also because of the huge federal deficit. the soviet defense ministry newspaper says that american young people are receiving militarist brainwashing from films like "rambo." also malicious and distorted is a film about a kgb agent on the job in the u.s. and "red dawn," which depicts the invasion of colorado by cuban and soviet troops. that same paper said president reagan have personally participated in the brainwashing by calling on american youngsters to model themselves after john wayne. the degree to which personal attacks are leveled on the
american president and other high american officials will very according to immediate political circumstances in soviet-american relations. such attacks are part of a more general assault by the soviet media, which blames the u.s. for the arms race and says that washington follows a policy of state terrorism and international banditry. they say the u.s. arms policy is a mixture of hypocrisy and cynicism. on racial and social problems, the united states is depicted as a country plagued by discrimination, where the situation is getting worse rather than better. according to moscow television, so-called civil rights are a fiction, racism and racial discrimination continue to be the shame of present-day america white racists stepping up
their activity. there is said to be no equality of opportunity with neither blacks or hispanics getting a fair chance in american society. moscow pictures racial problems as permeating american life. minor offense to get little attention from u.s. media are presented in the soviet union as typical. for example, in chicago, a hispanic union organizer was murdered in 1983. two years later, the only mention is a brief story on the inside page of the chicago tribune. that story was about a march held in his memory. but there recently devoted a three-part series to reviewing the case as an alleged case of big business keeping workers subjugated. another kind of soviet manipulation is the russian edition of the book "working." the u.s. version reports successes and failures in nearly
600 pages. the russian translation is about one third as long and emphasizes the failures and disappointments of working americans. the soviet media portrays the u.s. political system as an oligarchy ruled by the capitalists who control the impoverished masses. moscow radio said the american public has been lost by the demagoguery of those who have been bought by capital. according to moscow radio, american society is repressive and are in the opposition of their own people. moscow television set that thousands of political prisoners are languishing in u.s. prisons of tyranny andlt oppression of the authorities. moscow has seized on the case of an american indian activist
convicted in 1977 of murdering two fbi agents. it has almost been forgotten here. his legal appeals getting only brief mention in the new york times, the russian paper published seven stories about him this past september. other soviet papers ran prominent coverage. the soviets seem to be using this case to counter western publicity about their own political prisoners. according to another moscow report, americans who oppose u.s. military policy are described as peace fighters who are repressed on a monstrous scale by american secret police. occasional reports of american communist describe them as speaking for widespread attitudes but they are suppressed for challenging the system. when it was suggested to a moscow tv anchorman that soviet media distorts news about america, he replied --
>> i would disagree. we are showing private lives, high society, miss america. >> recently, moscow television presented a dramatization of an american novel. the story's deals with the suspension of the american bill of rights and is set sometime in the future. moscow television sought to use this theme to make a point about the future of america. a commentator said that the sense of hopelessness and fear of the future are dramatically pushing up suicide, crime, drug addiction, alcoholism and divorce statistics. in the final scenes of the famous story "the picture of dorian gray," the portrait takes on a hideous appearance.
the soviet media seems bent on portraying to the soviet people a similar vision of america. in americand history tv? visit our website, c-span.org/history. you can view our tv schedule, preview upcoming programs and watch college lectures, museum tours, archival films and more. american history tv at c-span.org/history. american history tv is on c-span3 every weekend, featuring museum tours, archival films, and programs on the presidency. war and more. here's a clip from a recent program. face an emotional question, a question of the heart, and a question of the mind today. the you really believe in the legacy of the little rock nine? are you really grateful?
if you are a parent or a grandparent, can't you imagine how their parents felt the first day they set out? the last memory i have of the not reunion, believe it or is not that i was president. i was glad that the most important thing i had to do was to hold the door open. so that the world could see the reality of what its symbolic message was. had takend i just chelsea to college. we literally had to be run out of the room, the dorm room. [laughter] --mer president clinton cop former president clinton: she was our only child. if their parents let them come here terrified because of the
promise that it offered, that i granted. taken for >> you can watch this and other american history programs on our website where all of our video is archived. grantedthat is c-span.org/hist. each week american history tv's american artifacts visits museums and historic places. up next, a visit to the national building cesium to learn about the architectural of an asylum, at saint elizabeth, 1862 to 2017, known as the government hospital for the insane when it opened in 1852. it was on a 100 85 acre farm with a view of washington dc. at its peak in 1960, saint elizabeth had almost 18,000 patients and covered 300 acres. it is still open today.
-- 3000 acres. it is still open today. she reveals how the mentally ill were cared for overtime. discussed -- we decided to do this for many of reasons. it is important to talk about the role of federal government and providing health care for the mentally ill, and what that role has been over time. i think this was an interesting time to talk about that. right now at saint elizabeth and in d.c., it is a time when they are looking to develop the land. it is now split into two halves. the federal government owns half and it will become the department of homeland security. also development is really starting on the east campus, which is owned by the city of washington dc. it is a really interesting time to start talking about that since they are moving forward. we are going to start our story in the 1850's by looking at what is happening in mental health care at that time and people who are trying to change what is
happening by building this large asylum. come on in. welcome into our exhibition. we will start by looking at architectural fragments from the original building at saint elizabeth, which is called the center building. that was the building ilk in 1855. .e will learn about that it is one of 80 hospitals built in that style for mental health patients. we start the exhibition in here thoseking at some of architectural fragments. there's also -- also patient art. one thing we will see is art that was done by patients as part of its there be or recreationally. ofs piece was on the wall the building, which is the center building. bit about howle our definition of mental health has changed over time and how mental illness has changed over time. we will get diagnoses of
patients. then we look at how people think that the mentally ill should be happen?, what should for athey should be care purposeal separate built institution. certainly, before the mid-19th century there were a lot of different places where you would find the mentally ill. many were in jail. time revisited several hundred of these tech places all around the country and she traveled the world and saw the really terrible wretched conditions of people who were not being treated well. teachera sunday school and she taught a christian teacher. she really believe that empathy instead of -- it was really the way to treat people.
firmly believes that it was the role of the government, specifically the government and not just private organizations to help treat people. tolly devoted her life changing the situation for the mentally ill. sheof the places that wanted to really make a difference in terms of how the mentally ill were treated was here in washington dc. she came to d.c. and she work with the secretary of the interior. she talked to the president of the united states and she also worked with thomas kurt ride. he was a physician who worked with the mentally ill who had specific ideas about what type of architectural and asylum architecture could cure the patient. she worked with him and she identified the land. if you come over here you can see this is the land that she .ound this is the original farm. toconvince the farm owner
sell the land to the federal government, which they did in 1852. that is where they cited the hospital, we call it now saint elizabeth, it was originally called the government hospital for the insane. i think it is important for people to understand those two threads of history that i talked about. how we should, and how we have cared for the mentally ill, and really think about what the role of the government should be. whether now we think about it and committed he mental health centers. whatever we call them next. ?hat does that look like architecturally what is it look like and how will rate -- how will be care for these people. the idea that there was something all wrong with the way others thought about custodial health care, maybe that is true and wrong. i think it is important that we think about that and having that understanding of what happened before it can help us think
about what will happen next. for d.c. residents i think it is learnsting to come in and about land use and who makes those decisions. heldis land that has been off from the rest of the city for a century and a half. makes the decisions about what happened there next? one thing i understood is having community participation in all decisions were every live. -- wherever you live. they are tearing something down and i think it is important to understand and be a part of that conversation. i think that can help people think about what is happening in their own communities, certainly for residents. it is pretty important for them to know the history of what has happened before so that they can understand what should happen to that land now.
watching american history tv, all weekend, every weekend, on cspan3. to join the conversation, like us on facebook. each week, american artifacts takes you to museums and historic leases to learn about american history. the railroad exhibit at the henry ford museum in dearborn, michigan. matt anderson talks about the progression of american rail and shows us in 1831 steam locomotive and the allegheny engine that weighs nearly 400 tons. anderson: my name is matt anderson, curator of transportation.