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tv   Civil War in Fayetteville  CSPAN  February 3, 2018 11:50pm-12:01am EST

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communicators," we are in las vegas for the second part of our coverage from the consumer electronics show where they unveil new products and give insights as to what is ahead. this year, the latest in robotics and drug technologies. andh "the communicators -- drone technologies. watch "the communicators." city tours travels to fayetteville, arkansas. it was once home to cherokee indians. learn more about fayetteville all weekend here on american history tv. >> this is a house that belonged to a family that lived in fayetteville, arkansas in the 1850's to 1860's. they were here during the civil war. they experienced the war. they loved fayetteville. when the war came, it changed everything.
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>> we are at headquarters house in fayetteville, arkansas. headquarters house is the home of the washington county historical society. the washington county historical society purchased the house in 1967. the house was built in 1853 by jonas tebbetts. jonas tebbetts was from new hampshire, but came in 1838 to study law in van buren. once he passed the bar and he was traveling the law circuit, he came to fayetteville and met matilda winlock. he and matilda winlock got married in 1847. in february of 1862, the confederates were being driven out of missouri and into arkansas. as they were being driven through arkansas, as they came through fayetteville, they decided to burn all of the confederate stores. they threw open where all of the food and ammo was held.
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basically, the soldiers ransacked the town. it is said some citizens participated also, but it was a pretty dark time for the citizens of fayetteville. headquarters house was directly threatened when, across the street, the fayetteville female institute had been used as an arsenal for the confederate army. they decided to set fire to it. the powder and shells had been removed, but there were still faulty shells. when the building caught fire, the shells started to explode, endangering this house. they were able to save it. this is a picture of the arkansas college and the tebbetts' house. the president of arkansas college lived across the street, and to the other side of him was arkansas college. arkansas college was not burned in the initial firing of fayetteville. when the confederates were on their way to pea ridge, they did burn arkansas college.
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tebbets was a union man, as i said before. when alexander asboth came and proclaimed that he was going to liberate fayetteville for the union and all of the union sympathizers could come out. he wanted a union flag to put on the town square. some people knew that jonas had a flag of the united states of america. they sent asboth to the house and jonas gave him a flag. they put it up on the town square. jonas also invited general asboth in to have dinner at his house and to make his house his headquarters, thinking that he was going to be here for a while. general asboth did come to a the house and dined with the tebbetts.
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three days later, he was called up north, leaving the town again to whichever army came through. the next army that came through was the southern army, and general ben mcculloch says his -- sent his soldiers to knock on the door. he told jonas tebbetts he was under arrest for being a traitor to the confederate states of america. jonas tebbetts was taken to fort smith, where he was to be tried and hung as a traitor for having the union flag, for not accepting confederate money, for a union general into his house. many people wanted to help jonas tebbetts as much as they could, members of the confederate army, even. they were working with the union army to get him released. there was a union jailer who sent a letter to matilda tebbetts, saying that he would do everything that he could to
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help jonas and to make his stay comfortable. he was sure everything would turn out all right. while jonas was in jail in fort smith, the soldier would watch out for him. matilda was allowed to send one of their slaves to fort smith to tend to jonas's needs. as he was a gentleman, he was allowed to have a slave with him. matilda sent some messages through the slave. the slave was also allowed, by his status, to stand around and absorb information he could pass on to jonas. in the meantime, general mcculloch was called to the battle of pea ridge, and he was killed by a union sharpshooter. because of this, jonas was exonerated, the charges were dropped, and he was allowed to come back home. he came back to the house. not long after he got back, a
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neighbor came and told matilda, mrs. tebbetts, there are a group of men who are confederate sympathizers who are going to finish the job that ben mcculloch could not finish. matilda left the parlor where she was entertaining the neighbor and talked to jonas. jonas came in, said hello, and walked down the front walk and waved a flower goodbye to matilda, got on his horse, and quietly rode out of town. when he got just past the confederate lines, he went up to the union lines. when he was there, he shared information about the area and the people in the area and never lived in this house again. the information that we have is from the oldest daughter's
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journal, which was actually her memories that she wrote in her late 80's. what she said was, while jonas was in prison in fort smith, the confederate soldiers demanded the drapes and carpets to be used as blankets and saddle blankets. instead of just giving it to them, matilda had the slaves take them down, beat out the dirt, fold them nicely, and give them to the army. matilda hid any hard feelings that she had. she did wear several pieces of gold coins sewed into her undergarments in case the family had to flee in the middle of the night. she was gracious in all that she did. when jonas had left after he was exonerated, when he left the state, matilda was here by
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herself with the children. eventually, the union army came back. the union army watched over matilda. when they were going to be pulling out again, they told her, we are leaving and you should go with us. she packed up what she could, thinking she was, and she was, she was leaving the next day. it so happened that jonas came in with a message to deliver to the officer in charge. he was able to leave with his family. when the family left in october of 1862, they took what they could and left. they found a home in missouri. then they found a home -- actually, they traveled through the isthmus of panama to california looking for a home. while they were there, abraham
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lincoln was assassinated. they decided that california was not the place for them. they came back, tried once to come back after the war to fayetteville. it was too changed. the people were changed and living was hard. it had been like a cultural center almost on the edge of the united states of america, just before indian and wild west territory. it was not that anymore. they did not feel good feelings to stay in fayetteville. they went and settled in kentucky, and they never lived here. jonas did help some confederates to receive their pardon after the war. he had some communication with the people, but not living here. >> our cities tour staff
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recently traveled to fayetteville, arkansas to learn about its rich history. learn about fable -- fayetteville and other cities on our website. you're watching american history tv all weekend, every weekend on c-span3. >> next on lectures in history, university of north carolina at chapel hill professor molly worthen teaches a class about the history and the intellectual underpinnings of protestant fundamentalism in 20th century of america. she begins with the 1925 scopes monkey trial, which taught evolution versus creationism in public schools and gained national attention. later, she delves into the origins and growth of pentecostalism, which strives for a connection with the divine and includes aspects such as speaking in tongues. her class is a little over an hour.


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