tv Reel America A CBS News Inquiry The Warren Report Part 2 CSPAN November 17, 2018 10:52pm-11:46pm EST
was more than one gunman in dealey plaza on november 22, 1963 when president kennedy was assassinated. in an effort to document lingering controversies and investigate lingering questions, cbs news broadcast 41-hour specials in 1967. part twoeel america, of the cbs news inquiry, the warren report anchored by walter cronkite and including interviews with
key witnesses. the second program sets out to answer the question --was there a conspiracy to assassinate president kennedy? the second program is about 50 minutes. >> is devious news inquiry, the worn report continues. here again is walter cronkite. walter: last night come in the first of the series of four broadcasts about the war and report, cbs news considered and tried to give reasonable answers
to some major questions about the report. did lehi early august will take a rifle to the book depository building? our answer was yes. where was he on the day president kennedy was shot? in the building on the sixth floor. was his rifle fired from the building? yes. how many shots
were fired? most likely three. fast could oswald rifle be fired? >> fast enough. what was the time span of the shots? most likely the assassin had more time and not less. news conclusions added up to the answer. did lee harvey oswald shoot president kennedy? our conclusion was that he did. beyond a reasonable doubt, he was the least -- at least one of
the men that fired upon president kennedy. but was he the killer or a killer? the loan man -- tonight's central question -- was there a conspiracy to assassinate president kennedy? >> this is a cbs news inquiry. the war and report. -- the warren report. here is walter cronkite. 888 pages of the warren commission report on the assassination, these are certainly among the most significant words -- the commission has found no evidence that either lee harvey oswald or any ruby were part of conspiracy, domestic or foreign, to assassinate president kennedy. and the report also states that the commission has found no assistedthat anyone oswald in planning or carrying out the assassination. let us stop a moment to examine just what that says and more important, what it does not say.
note that contrary to the popular impression come of the commission by these words left the question of conspiracy just a crack. the words do not preclude the possibility of a conspiracy. they do not say that the commission concluded that there was no conspiracy or that oswald was the sole assassin. the only say that the commission can find no evidence that others were involved. no evidence that there was a conspiracy. conspiracy, it could have taken one of two forms. either eyes will was a soldier gunman were behind the scenes manipulator or there were one or more additional gunmen firing at the president. most of the critics of the report assist -- insist there were other gunmen. within the broad manner of conspiracy, our basic questions tonight are where do the shots come from? if they did not all come from the book depository window, there was more likely some sort of conspiracy.
could a single bullet that wounded both president kennedy and governor connally -- the single bullet theory has become the was controversial aspect of the report. the commission said it was not essential to its conclusion. but to make those conclusions square with the facts, three groups of wounds were caused by two bullets, the single bullet theory or all three bullets from oswald's rifle struck president kennedy and governor connally which the commission rejected. the only other alternative is a second assassin. let us look first at the scene of the assassination in dealey plaza, dallas, texas. correspondent dan rather. dan: here is a part of the story not in dispute. the presidential motorcade entered the plaza with a sharp right turn off of maine and on to houston. it ran slowly along the eastern edge of dealey plaza.
then the motorcade slowed even more for the extremely sharp left, more than 90 degrees onto elm street which runs dreck late beneath the windows of the depository building. a perfect place for an ambush. as the limousine drifted into the odd as kirk, shots rained down on it. basic: here is the first question of the night -- where did the shots come from? nights program, we decided that some of the shots came from here. there were reports of virtually simultaneous shots which would mean more than one assassin. the shots are reported from over there, the famous grassy knoll ahead of, to the writeup, and slightly above the president's car. both sets ofm shots are positive and persuasive.
this photograph shows one group of those witnesses. oswald coworkers who put themselves in other witness -- in other windows to watch the parade and instead saw the murder. >> when the president came around, we saw him standing up and waiting period as he turned to go downtown street, we heard a shot and we saw the president slump. sad.e we saw him slump and one guy said -- i believe they are shooting at the president. and i believe it came from over there. said someone is shooting at the president. know it is because i can hear the shots above me. after the shots were fired, all of the officers and everyone
else seemed to think they came from there. have beeni said, i around enough to know the sound of a rifle from a firecracker. dan: the witnesses in the fifth floor window say they heard the shots right overhead. other shots below -- other witnesses below say they heard shots from elsewhere. this is the view from the grassy knoll near the picket fence where some people think there was another gunmen hidden. the president would've presented as good a target from here as from the book depository. some think that right from here is where the fatal shot came from. a railroad man, holland was up on the overpass when the firing started. you can see the book depository from here and the grassy nall. mr. holland came back to appear
with us a short while ago and his is perhaps the most telling account in favor of the grassy knoll theory. not only because of what he saw and heard during the assassination but what he says he found on the grassy knoll immediately afterward. time that thethe parade turned on and on elm street, where the truck is or bus is now, there was a shot that came from the upper end of the street. i could not say at that time that it came from the book depository building. i heard it come from the other end of this day. and the president slumped over, forward like that and try to raise up his hand. , governor connally was sitting in front of him on the right side of the car and tried to turn to his right. he was trying to close the door. he could not make it and turned back with his arm out.
about that time, a second shot was fired and it knocked him forward and he slumped to the right. wife pulled him over into her lap because he fell over into her lap. about that time, there was a third report that was not very loud as the two previous reports and it came from the picket fence. and then there was a fourth report. a third and fourth report were almost simultaneous. loudhird was not nearly as as the two previous reports or the fourth report. i glanced over underneath the green tree and you could see a little tough of smoke, -- puff and it was about 8-10 feet off the ground. this side offeet the tree. i immediately ran around to the spot where the shot came from.
but there was no one there because it took us a while to get through -- to thread our way through the crowds. when i got over there, i did man had been standing and walking from one end to the other. i guess if you could have counted the footsteps, it would have been 200 or more. there were two mud spots on the bumper of the station wagon. >> would you show me the place you're talking about? >> yes, i will. mr. holland, where with the person have been --have to have been standing? >> right here. >> were they fresh footsteps? >> they were fresh because it was raining that morning. there was that's there were footprints on the two by four,
there was mud on the bumper of the station wagon. there were two sets of footprints. they left the station wagon and went behind the car that was sitting over there. >> abraham zapruder whose film of the assassination was studied at length unless nice program was standing up on this little while, right at the edge of the dressing all. shots from behind that pickett fence over there would have almost have had to whistle by his year. mr. zapruder, when we interviewed him, tended to agree that the grassy know was not involved. >> i am not a ballistic expert that i believe the shots came from my right ear -- i would've heard a different sound. i heard shots coming from -- i would not know which traction, but it could have been the book depository and they all sounded alike. there was no difference at all. was lookingkin
towards the book depository. >> as i was getting ready to make some pictures, i heard this noise. i thought it was a fire -- firecracker explosion. i made the picture which shows the president right after he is struck with a bullet. struck in the neck, the first shot. and this was a picture that the warren report later fixed as being made two seconds after the shot was fired. they got close into me and i was prepared to make the picture, i had my camera almost at my level, that is when the president was shot in the head. and i do know that the president was still in an upright position, tilted favoring mrs. kennedy and at the time that he was struck by this blow to the itd, it was so obvious that
came from behind. it had to come from behind because it caused him to fall forward dislodging him from this depression in the seat cushion. and already favoring mrs. kennedy. he automatically fell in that direction. did -- theing that one thing that did seem to be strange, immediately the car proceeded onto parkland hospital, men with guns drawn ran into this plaza which is considered to be the knoll area thinking they had the assassin cornered in the knoll area. it seemed strange as i say because knowing the shot came from behind, this fella really had to move in order to get into the knoll area. >> you have no thoughts about another assassin the hind the fence or on the knoll? >> i have had a lot of people
contact me saying they thought another person was involved. they tried to rip -- they tried to have me verify photographs that they had or workout information they thought they had come across to substantiate the evidence -- substantiate the fact that there was another assassin. but at no time has this evidence proved to me beyond the shadow of a doubt that there was another assassin. >> the car was occupied with the vice president. he had just completed his turn. i felt a blast which appeared to be a rifle blast come from behind me. i looked up to the depository. >> what about the people that say shots came from the fence area right here? would you agree with that? >> i do not hear that i do not think there was. -- i do not think there was. he asked the same question of
governor connally and mrs. connelly who were in the best possible position to know where the shots came from. >> they all came from the same place. from behind my shoulder. not in front of us or beside us. >> was there any doubt in your mind the direction that the shots came from? >> no, they all came from the same direction. >> which was? >> behind us, over my right shoulder. shotirst sound, the first i heard and turned and looked right into the president's face. the sound drew me to that direction. and i had a definite reaction. in abraham zapruder is a film of the assassination, the fatal shot appears to move the head of the president back. critics contend that can only
mean that the shot came not from the book depository but from somewhere in from. not for the first time or in the last, we find equally qualified experts in disagreement. we put the question of the president's head movement to a photo analyst and two expert pathologist. analysisotographic point of view, what can you tell us from the -- about the direction of the bullet? there was an13 appearance explosion at this point which would be on the front side of the head. characteristically, this would indicate to me that the bullet came from behind. and this is what is called spawling -- a minor explosion where pieces of the material have left and go generally in the direction of the bullet. explosion occurs
forward of the president. wouldn't that indicate the bullet coming from the front? >> quite contrary. it indicates the bullet was coming from behind. >> you are aware that some critics say that in the picture on the see the bullet front side of the president indicates the bullet came from the front. i do know believe any physicist ever said that. this picture might explain the principle we are talking about more clearly. thes a picture taken in millions of a second of a 30 caliber shot being shot through an electric light bulb. a bullet was traveling from this direction, entered the lightbulb or, past a thorough and caused a rather violent explosion to occur on the exiting side and is very similar to the situation in the zapruder kennedy assassination film. walter: that is one explanation from a physicist how a head could move awkward after being
struck from behind. are expertthologist in the examination of victims of violent death, both medically and legally qualified. dan rather put it to one of them, a professor at duquesne university. i have seen so many biological and physical variations occur in forensic pathology to say that it would've been impossible. i say that it is quite unlikely. i say that it is difficult for me to accept but i would have to it that that it is a possibility that his body could have moved in that direction after having been struck by a bullet that hit him in the back of the head. walter: eyewitnesses and film analysts often produces many problems as they solve. the physical evidence in this case would seem to be more reliable and that came to the attention of the doctors of
parkland hospital who were the first to look closely at the massive head wound and the less critical neck wind. in parkland, the attending surgeon tried to keep the president alive. of that problem prevented him from examining the two wounds. he now explains in his first public statement since the report was published. wound -- there was no time for examinations. if the bleeding could not be controlled, it would've made very little difference. some things must take priority. in this instance, the bleeding had to be controlled initially. >> what about the will and that you observed -- what about the in thehat you observed front of the president's neck. the emergency proceedings at hand necessitated immediate action. anything no time to do
more than an extremely light examination. >> a lot has been said and written about was this an exit wound or an entry wound? would you discuss that with me, sir? >> this is a difficult problem. the determination of exit or entrance frequently requires the trajectory. i did not do this. there was no time. the differentiation between oftence and exit ones is made on the disparity of sizes. the exit will and often being larger. if the bullet does not expand and it is a full jacketed bullet such as his commonly news -- commonly used in the military, the entrance and exit ones would be the same. without the bullet, the wounds would be similar and even the trained observer could not distinguish between the two. >> did it occur to you at that
time or did you inc. this was an entry or exit won't? -- wound? >> i did not give it much thought. i realize it would've been better had i done so. i applied my energies and all of us there did focused on the problem at hand. and for that reason i did not think about cutting through the wound which of course rendered useless for further examination. it did not occur to me. i did what was necessary. >> you did not turn the president over? >> there was no reason to or prop -- or time. it made very little difference to me since my immediate concern was an attempt at resuscitation. >> the nature of the throat wound can no longer be verified.
no records remain and no pictures were taken before the doctor cut through it in an attempt to relieve the breathing of the patient. they were engaged in a desperate struggle to keep the president alive. their task was impossible. one of the shots had virtually destroyed the head of the president. even as they worked, the president died. the scene was turbulent and disorderly. the press and the public were clamoring for news. the doctor was rushed from the emergency room to a press conference where he was badgered into given -- into giving a description of the wound. -- in the transcript of the news conference, there is no doubt that the doctor made a sound that he had a firm opinion. in that moment of confusion, this understanding established once and for all a conviction that at least one bullet had been fired from the front of the motorcade.
legally the dead president was now just another part of the evidence in a texas homicide case. the murder had been committed in that state and there were no laws that give the federal government jurisdiction. in his book "the death of a william manchester describes a scene of almost horrifying confusion where the medical examiner tried to prevent the removal of the president. kennedy aides bulldozed him out of the hospital. during the flight to washington come it was agreed that an autopsy had to be performed. this is kennedy chose bethesda military hospital because her husband had been a naval officer. the autopsy was performed by the chief of pathology. thorton boswell was the pathologist. thatreported in a document the president's wounds were inflicted from the rear. as part of standard procedure, they had photographs and x-rays
taken as they proceeded. confusion continued at bethesda. fbi agents submitted a report later disclosed in epstein's a which said that they had found a wound in the back of the president and could not find an exit. the war and report was explicit -- the war and report was explicit that there was not a wound in the back. the photographs and x-rays which might clear up the issue were in possession of the kennedy family and only officially turned over 1966 with a1, provision that they might -- that they not be made public until now. the senior apologist has since gone to the archives and re-examined the x-rays and photographs. his conclusions we will hear later in an exclusive interview, the only when he is granted
since that fateful night. but first, the observations from the doctor we heard earlier. >> this sketch made by dr. boswell is a very important sketch. whichws the bullet hole he diagrammed in at a point approximately several inches below the collar level although he does give other measurements to the side which would place it at a higher level. the commission report accepted that the bullet entered very near the neck. this sketch if you would please. by a medical illustrator at the bethesda hospital. it shows the one that was accepted by the warren commission showing the point of entrance in the back at a much higher level and the point of exit at approximately the level
of -- high. you can see why it was important to accurately determine whether or not the bullet wound in the back was at this point or 5.5 inches below the collar level. the x-rays and films were turned over to the archives, the captain has re-examined them and for the first time he discusses with dan rather what was contained in them. captainmander, now hughes, have you had a look at the pictures and x-rays of the autopsy since they were submitted into the commission? >> yes, i have. do you have any differing conclusions or thoughts after seeing them again than you did at the time? think they bear out very well and closely to our testimony before the commission. dan: how many wounds in the president's body? >> two of entry and two of exit. >> one was low in the right
posterior scalp and one at the base of the neck on the right. dan: let us talk about the two wounds. both of these are blowups from the commission report. these sets of drawings. our people who think they see discrepancies in these two drawings from the commission report. in this drawing, it shows what you called an entry wound at the base of the neck of the president. it seems to show it to be in the upper back near the shoulder blades. instead of below the base of the neck. whereas this drawing does show the entry wound to be at the base of the neck. could you talk about these and reconcile those? >> this is the first trying -- a sketch -- this is the first drawing, a sketch where the outlines of the figure are already prepared.
these are routinely used to market in general -- to mark in ineral where wounds might be conducting a postmortem examination. they were never meant to be accurate or precisely to scale. dan: this is routine in preparing autopsy reports to use these drawings? >> no precise measurements are made. memoire used as an aid to the pathologist when he later writes his report. more importantly we feel that the measurements which are noted here in the margins of the drawing are the precise measurements which we took. twostates that we drew lines for points of reference. we note that the wound was 14 centimeters from the tip of the right of the right to mastoid.
it is the extreme outermost portion of the shoulder. intersect wasnes in actuality where the wound was situated. if we were to draw that to scale , which we were not as is mark was made, i think it would appear a little higher. dan: you examined the whole area of the back -- were there any other wounds other than the base of the neck and one in the skull? >> there were not. dan: the second drawing was prepared as we were preparing to totify before the commission show schematically and as accurately as we could. you werehis drawing trying to be precise? trying we were we were
to be precise and refer back to the measurements that we made that were noted in the margins of the other drying. we also had had an opportunity to review the photographsl that we made at that we made at the time. and these photographs show very clearly that the wound was exactly where we stated it to be in our testimony before the is shownn and as it in the drawing. dan: your re-examination of the photographs verify that the wounds were as they are shown here. >> yes. dan: regarding the head wound. >> there was only one entrance wound in the head. >> and that was where? >> posterior. dan: and the exit wound? >> it was a large, a regular wound to the front right side of the president's head. dan: can you be absolutely
certain that the wound you describe as the entrance wound was in fact? that >> yes, we can. and thensed the skin the bony skull. as it passed through the skull, it produced a characteristic were babblingng affect showing that the wound was made from behind. it was scientific evidence, is it conclusive? >> yes, it is. dan: how many autopsies have you performed? >> approximately 10,000. there is no doubt it was made from the back of the head. walter: the chief pathologist states without the slightest hesitation that the shots that
killed the president came from the rear. >> a cbs news inquiry, the war reporthe warren continues. walter: in answer to our question whether shots came from other than the book depository, we have year witnesses inside the building saying the shots came from there. mr. holland, on the railroad overpass here said he should -- he heard a shot from here. in mark lane's book, rushed the judgment" show that 58 out of 90 people ask said they thought the shots came from the grassy null. expert opinions differ. experts agree that the shots could have come from the rear. but where some experts say bluntly that they did, others find it highly unlikely. cbs news concludes that the most reasonable answer is that the
shots came from the book depository building behind the president and governor connally but if the shots came from the rear and if there were only three, and all --can all of the wounds be accounted for? the president was struck twice. governor connally was wounded in the fight and the rest. the warren commission concluded that of the three bullets fired, one missed entirely, one struck the president and one went through his neck and inflicted all of the governors wins. this is the single bullet. . we must ask -- could a single bullet have wounded president kennedy and governor connally? this is what the report says. although it is not necessary to any findings of the commission to determine which shot hit governor connally, there is persuasive evidence from the experts to indicate that the same bullet that pierced the
throw to the president also caused governor connally's ones. however, the governor's testimony and other factors have given rise to some difference of opinion as to this probability but there is no question in the minds of anyone in the commission that all of the shots that caused the wounds were fired from the sixth floor of the texas school book depository. english of tortured that paragraph, the sentence that begins with "however" and has "but" in the middle, we can hear the commission struggling to paper over disagreements. specter,arlen assistant counsel to the commission and now district attorney in philadelphia and the author of the single bullet theory. bulletpossibility of one inflicting the woman's on the president's neck and the body of the governor came in a gradual way. the first insight was given when based onr testified
his autopsy findings. at that time, it was made clear for the first time that the bullet that went through the orsident's neck hit no bone solid muscle. and according to the doctor came out with great velocity. wewas at that juncture that wondered for the first time what happened to the bullet? where did it go? the probability is that it went into governor connally because it struck nothing else in the car. that is the single most convincing piece of evidence. that the one bullet hit both men because looking down the trajectory as i see it through otherss own rifle and did also, the trajectory was such that it is all most certain that the bullet came out of the neck of the president with great velocity and would have had to hit the car or someone in the car. >> it is stated in the commission report that believe
in the single bullet theory is not essential. to support the conclusion of the commission report. can you describe for us any other theory besides the single bullet theory that would support thconcluons in the report? thate commission concluded it was probable that one bullet inflicted the wound on the president spec and all of the wounds on governor connally. but you could have three separate bullets striking in the sequence as we know it. the president could of been struck at frame 186 of the zapruder film, a number given to the zapruder film. then governor connally could've been struck some 42 frames later which would be a little over 2.25 seconds at about frame number 229. and the third shot could've hit head att kennedy's
frame 313. it is not essential to have the single bullet conclusion to come to the basic finding that oswald was the sole assassin. walter: the dilemma of the commission was that it had to choose between two unpalatable conclusions. having decided that three shots were fired and having three sets of wins to explain, the commission could only find either that all three shots hit their marks or one hit two men. but if all three shots hit, one would've had to pass through the neck of the president, emerge on a downward path in the midst of the car and the six people in it and vanish in midair this was more than the commission could stomach despite its own words. the single billet bullet theory is essential to its findings. the man who found the bullet was
darrell c tomlinson. >> there was a doctor the way into the doctor's lounge. he had to pull this stretcher out. , he failed came out to push up against the wall. i stepped over, gave a kick to get it can line -- back in line. i tried to walk away and i heard a radel. i turned and looked. i walked back over to the stretcher. there was this bullet laying there. i looked at it. i put in my pocket. >> was there any blood on the bullet? how did the bullet look? bullet.s copper colored i could not tell whether it had blood on it or not.
shell? >> yes.nt >> is there any doubt in your mind that the stretcher on which he found that elect -- that bullet was the one that came off of the elevator. that i know. i just don't know who was on that stretcher. what's the stretcher who was on the alexander -- >> the stretcher on the elevator. .> yes that is the one he went up on. >> the bullet came from the stretcher according to critics. but his stretcher was never in the elevator. it does not dispose of another claim, however. he claim the bullet was planted on the governor stretcher as part of a plot to link oswald to the assassination. that claim can never be disproved.
>> the bullet was almost intact, almost completely flattened. could such a bullet penetrated a wrist and atorso, fly and emerged in this condition? they use blocks of gelatin to test. this is standard technique. because of the difficulty of lining up such a shot they fired separately through the various simulators. each time they measured how much speed the bullet lost from its initial 2000 people second. the bullet would have retained enough philosophy to penetrate the governor's side. it seemed the only completely valid test would be a single shot directly through a series of objects with the same thickness and density of the two bodies. we decided to make that shot.
>> who conducted the cast for the warren commission served as consultant to cbs news at the ballistics laboratory. he suggested using gelatin blocks to simulate human tissue. the object was to line up targets tomorrow -- target similar to the president and governor. far a bulletw would penetrate. research has shown gelatin in a 20% concentration gives a good simulation of human tissue. the first block was made 5.5 inches thick to simulate the president's neck. inch block of reasoning the governors just and clothing. this shows the chest simulation block and how the bullet, slightly unstable begins to turn
off course as it tears through the gelatin. the wrist block was 2.5 inches thick to represent bone. beyond was a fourth target representing the governors tie -- governors's thigh. stable,s perfectly making a small track in the gelatin. this closely simulates the wound received by the president. a small entrance and exit. >> this is about the way it would look through human muscle tissue. >> yes. >> after the bullet left the simulated now -- simulated neck, it had a chance to strike this
block. a larger track. in his case, the bullet fractured the rib. we have no rib here that it still simulates passing through flesh. by the time it passed through here it lost considerable velocity and entered the simulated wrist. s it passed through, and others it stopped. another represented the governors sign -- governor's thigh. it would have caused a similar wound. what's what do you think these tests have indicated?
>> i think they strongly show this one bullet could have caused all the wounds. >> did someone outline these experiences for you? >> and guilty of the whole business. >> a single bullet could have wounded all men. but it must ask if it is probable. we asked to pathologists experienced in the study of one's to give us their best judgment. first, dan rather. >> i have had cases in which missiles have run through heavy deforming.ttle the fact that it went through two men is acceptable because of velocity. >> the minute they hit a own it shatters the bullet. >> not necessarily. it depends on the construction
of the bullet. .is is a full jacketed it can remain intact. >> is it impossible? that the bullet would have gone through president kennedy, and not suffered any more damage than shown in this photograph? , we alwayshedging fall back upon, we never like to say it is impossible. highly say it is improbable. anould hesitate to say it is hundred percent impossible but it is improbable. another one of the very many highly improbable's we are asked to accept by the warren commission if we are to accept the validity of their full report. >> the most persuasive critic of the single bullet theory is the man who might be expected to
know best. the victim himself. john connolly. oswaldpts the conclusion did the shooting, he has never believed the first bullet could have had -- could have hit the president and himself. >> the only way i can reconcile my memory with what happened and what occurred with respect to the one bullet theory is it had to be the second bullet that hit us both. >> do you believe the first bullet could have missed? >> that is possible. the best witness i know does not believe that. nelly was there. she shall she sought. she thinks the first bullet hit him. >> the first sound, the first shot i heard and turned, and
looked into the president's face. andas clutching his throat slumped down. onhad a look of nothingness his face. he did not say anything. that was the first shot. the second shot that hit john, i bloodsee him covered with . and his reaction to a second shot. , even though i matter see this, i felt all over me and could see it all over the car. i will have to see i think there were three shots and i had a reaction to three shots. that is just what i believe. theeyond any question,
first bullet did not hit me. the second did hit me. the third did not hit me. all i can say with any finality is if there is come if the single bullet theory is correct it had to be the second bullet that hit president kennedy and me. >> he heard a shot before he was struck and he could not have been struck the first bullet as the warren commission supposes. those of you with us last night remember that we decided indications in the zip router film it was all as well as first shot fired earlier which missed. the governor could indeed have heard a shot and the gun reacting to it before he himself was hit. we have three theories to explain the same facts. the single bullet theory, the second assassin theory, the theory that all three bullets found their targets. our own view is that it is difficult to believe the single
bullet theory but to believe the other theories is even more difficult. if the governor's wounds were caused by separate whole it we must believe a bullet passed through the president's neck, emerged on a course taking it into the middle of the automobile and then vanished without a trace. or we can complicate matters even further adding a second assassin who fires almost simultaneously and his bullet travels miraculously and that second assassin vanishes without a trace. difficult to believe, it seems to be the least difficult of those available. persuaded awe are single bullet wounded president kennedy and governor connally. the worn report's contention that there was only one assassin rests on the conviction all of the wounds suffered by both men were inflicted by no more than
three shots. we have heard captain humes and other doctors and experts. we have looked hard at the single bullet theory. there is not a single item of hard evidence of a second assassin. no wound attributed to him. he would have been firing in full view of the crowded plaza. nothing tangible. if the demands for certainty made upon the commission were applied to critics the theory of a second assassin would banish. as for the governor, he concedes he might have been struck by the bullet that pierced the president's throat. it is likely the bullet was the second and not the first oswald fired. the governor's objections now disappeared. cbs news concludes all is billed was the sole assassin. was he truly alone?
were there others behind him, co-authors of a plot? tomorrow we will look into those charges and concern ourselves with jack ruby and the murky casent introduced into the of jim garrison in new orleans. he was a decoy at first and then a patsy. and then a vet them. >> we would hear garrison and we will try to answer the third of .ur major questions has been the second of the series, a cbs news inquiry, the worn report. -- worn report -- warren report.
this broadcast has been produced under the supervision and control of cbs news. >> tune in next saturday at 10:00 p.m. for parts three and four and the conclusion of a cbs news inquiry. this is america history tv. all weekend, every weekend on c-span3. complex join us this weekend for live coverage of the miami book fair. a.m., alissa quart on the middle class with her boot -- book squeeze.
and chris star walt discusses his book, every man a king. memoir, kerry with his every day is extra. watch the miami book fair live this weekend on c-span two's big -- book tv. >> we are at the birthplace of rock 'n roll. son studios was the first place to release elvis presley. up next, we take you inside the studio to learn how it came to be. >> it is significant, the sun studio, immediately, it is thought of being the birthplace of rock 'n roll, kind of where the genre kind of