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tv   The Civil War Soldiers Views of the Battle of Antietam  CSPAN  December 8, 2018 5:59pm-6:56pm EST

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sunday on q&a. >> i worked with four people who, once and future presidents, jimmy carter, bill clinton, barack obama and, to my, surprise donald trump. >> the publisher of many best-selling nonfiction books. >> i also came to understand about donald trump. and this is profoundly important for the way things work now. is donald trump in his heart of hearts, believes he always wins. here's a guy who has been in new york real estate, gambling real estate, boxing, wrestling, beauty contests, television, construction. never been the target of a criminal investigation. that's astonishing in new york city. >> a conversation with journalists and publisher peter osnos, sunday night at 8 p.m. on c-span's q and a. -- q&a.
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>> next on the civil war, keith snyder from the antietam national battlefield shares personal accounts of soldiers who fought in the battle of 2.tietam on september 17, 186 through letters and diary entries mr. schneider gives an inside look at the fears, anxieties and private thoughts of the men who fought on what is still the bloodiest single day in american history. the mosby heritage area association hosted this 50 minute event. [applause] >> our first speaker tonight will be keith snyder. i'm not as tall as giles. keith has worked for the national park service for 33 years. the national mall and memorial antietam national
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battlefield where he currently holds the position of chief of resource education and visitor services. keith received his undergraduate degree in 1984 and park administration with a concentration in american history from shepherd university . wasasters tdegree earned of the united states army war college. keith has served in the air force in the air national guard for 40 years and recently retired as a colonel. he lives with his wife in martinsburg, west virginia. join me in welcoming our first speaker as keith talks about the battle of antietam from the perspective of the soldiers who experienced it firsthand. [applause] you, kevin.thank it is great to be with you. i had a very enjoyable drive down here. this is some beautiful country. the mayor talked about perspective and what i am going
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to share with you are actually two perspectives on the battle of antietam. since i am the opening speaker for three days of antietam talkedtion, kevin and i before he came down, it might be good to have an overview of the maryland campaign. i will do a very broad brush stroke. so i have somet perspective on when i share with you the words of those that were there. none of us were. and for me, one of the great things about having the honor and privilege of working at antietam battlefield for 26 years, besides being able to walk the grounds almost every day, one of the things that happens there a lot, people walk in doors and walked in and said my great grandpappy was at antietam. we ask what unit and we have a lot of resources. then i ask them, do you have any letters, photographs or diaries. in many cases, they do. let me go out to the car.
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over 25 years i have collected a lot of those, and it is an opportunity i have to share that with you. that individual social perspective. -- soldier perspective. that is the bulk of the program. i have to put it within the campaign. i think these words of the men that were here makes the battle personal. the one thing i am absolutely convinced of, i will show you a couple of the insight i have gained after 25 years and one of them is that antietam was very personal. savage beyond all reckoning. the vast majority of the combat, especially on the infantry side, was done at 100 yards and closer or even hand-to-hand for that matter. it was a very personal battle. we're going to make it personal by hearing what they remember. tragic, was most filing and memorable day of their lives for most of these men. voies of antietam -- voices of antietam, that is what we will here this evening. we start off with robert e. lee
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and his decision to move north. that is always a challenge. where do you begin? you have to begin with lee, because was his decision that led to this campaign. the present seems the most vicious time. time, most propitious says the commencement of the war for the confederate army to enter maryland. lee did an interview in 1868, what he basically said is we could not afford to be idole. i went into maryland, declared lee, to give battle. said wen davis's boss are driven to protect our country by transferring the seat of war to that of an enemy that pursues us with an aimless hostility. very relationship between these two. lee wanted to make a move into maryland. lee to davis. and, before he got an answer back he was already moving north.
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some of the reasons for the invasion, get the war out of virginia. the folks in this community knew how much war had happened. keep the momentum after the win at second manassas and chantilly. gather supplies and maybe get some reinforcements. also, throwing off the foreign yoke of this federal oppression. maryland was oppressed by the lincoln administration. influence the fall midterms. i find it comical when i watch the news and all i hear is, these are the most important midterm elections in the history of the country! 62 was pretty important, too. 1862. certainly driving to pennsylvania. lee said it. that is a major goal. he's also looking much farther east to the europeans. it's the decisive battle to end the war. he's convinced he can and the ward on north -- the war on
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northern soil. two countries. he has two wings. long street jacks and stewart his calvary. dennis will talk about the numbers. 40,000. 72 artillery batteries. they are going to cross the potomac in early september. one of those crossing was major harris von bork. "it was indeed a magnificent sight as the long column stress across the beautiful potomac. the evening sun slanted upon the waters and furnished them with gold. gold.nished then with there were a few moments from the beginning to the close of the war of excitement more intense than, of exhilaration wee delightful than wqhen ascended the opposite bank to the thrilling music maryland, my maryland." after crossing the potomac,
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lee's first stop is frederick, maryland. the confederate army will gather there. lee does not get support a maryland. will these next few quotes explain why the citizens did not run to join the army. an unnamed citizen. "i have never seen a mess of such filthy strong smelling men. three and a room would make it unbearable. when marching along the streets, the smell was most offensive. that pervades them is most lockable. they have no uniforms. they are well armed and equipped." they have no uniforms bu well armed and equipped and become the hardships they care little for the compass of -- the comforts of civilization. the sanitary commission. more unsavory set
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of human beings never strolled through this town." another observer said they are as lean and hungry as a set of wolves. lee's army has moving to frederick and that means there is a crisis in washington, d.c. our nation is at war. for the northerners they have lost much of the action in the east and now another country has invaded. that is how they thought about it. for president, abraham lincoln, he turns to george mcclellan. 35 years old. pierce's army. a lot of talk about the numbers. that is the current figure. you will hear more about this for my good friend dan. the numbers are over the place. i am comfortable with 70,000. effective combat arms. there's the basic core. that still going? s from lincolnte and mcclellan. i'll use my park ranger voice.
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how's that? if we defeat the army before us the rebellion is crushed. for i do not believe they can organize another army." on september 11. lincoln makes it simple and clear. "god bless you and all with you. destroy the rebel army if possible." kevin, jump in there. how is that? very good. thank you. lee is in frederick. he has an issue. union soldiers at harpers ferry. lee will divide his army to capture these forces. a lot of maneuvering here. eventually moving into position ferry.ure the clears the union soldiers out of martinsburg, heads to
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hagerstown. all this talk about a special order 191. not going to get into the details of that, because i would like to get into the battle itself. there's their positions as they surround harpers ferry. very difficult to move into position. he's a couple days late. mcclellan moves to the battle. for me, the two most important thing i would tell you about the battle. one is there were 6000 tragedies. most people have never heard of the battle of south mountain. second thing, for me, what i think is critical about south mountain, the union army drove the southerners off the mountain top. polk's army anymore. the union army gained great confidence. the confederate army is the most confident army ever. what i am telling you is, three
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days later out of sharpsburg you had two very well-equipped and very confident army set come to those field intent on destroying each other. that is a very bad combination. e army's gather around sharpsburg on each side of antietam creek. the union army on the side, the confederates on the west side. lee taking the high gone, has a great road with a possible route to pennsylvania. they have the protection of the creek. george mcclellan looks at this from his headquarters. his forward observation post. he will go there and look over the field. do reconnaissance and the basic plan revolves around three bridges, upper, middle and lower. he will use the three bridges to atatctack. so, that's the basic plan.
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the night before the battle, 15,000 soldiers move to position, crossover the upper bridge. this is an incredibly important move on mcclellan as part. dennis frye will speak to this about how important that was i will tell you that 15,000 move in. corpsrst and the 12th settle in on the 16th. there was discussion about launching an attack but the fog was so heavy, no movement could have been made that day even though there was talk of it. took some time to get in position. the night of the 16th, it was rainy, miserable. another conclusion i've reached from reading a lot of thinking about it. one of the reasons another reason i think the battle on the 17th is so terrible, it's a miserable night the night of september 16. everybody there is soaking wet. has no fires, has no food, has no coffee. they are miserable.
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the next morning they want to hurt somebody. i do not know what you ever felt like on a monday morning. just letting you know, that is one of the things i think makes it so terrible. the night before, also everybody there wrote about the before because they all know. williams would take over the 12 corps. a night he would never forget, so dark, so mysterious, so uncertain. the occasional volleys of pickets and outposts. the solemn sound of command as troops come into position. there was a dreamy sensation of it all. the certain impression that tomorrow was to be great with the future fate of our country. so much responsibility, so much future anxiety." captain william parker with an artillery battery. as we lay down upon the field and look up into the great sky we blush for the wickedness of man." lay upon the field
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and realize the tragedy enacted on the morrow could be but sat in thoughtful. we thought of deer once far away. and were glad they knew not of thehe trying arrows setting stars were bringing on. "all through the even the shifting had gone on and the moving masses being dimly described in the half-light of earthy sky." there were something weirdly impressive yet unreal and the gradual drawing together of those whispering armies under the cover of the night. , asthing of awe and dread always, and the secret preparations for momentous deeds. have you also the text like that lately? these men are amazing. their words are better than anything i could ever share. joe hooker spent the night in a barn on the north end of the
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field. 2 a.m. it's rating. he steps into the barn. " we are through for tonight but tomorrow we will fight the battle that will decide the fate of the republic. i agree. next, you cannot see all this detail. the next morning, the first corps 8000 soldiers were launched the assaults very early that morning pretty opening of the battle is really artillery. there were 520 cannons involved in the battle. 50,000 rows. 3000 rounds an hour. never did a day open more beautiful. we were stirred, no reveille called this morning. too close to the enemy. a civil call by a sergeant or corporal and everyman was
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instantly awake and all realize there was ugly this is ahead and plenty of it." good " even as the role was being called, the musket fire is commenced briskly. i saw men wiping the morsi from their muskets for the dew had been heavy and there was considerable fog." the premonitions of battle growing stronger. symptoms of an impending battle had been apparent for more than 24 hours and we knew that the culmination of another great tragedy was at hand." samuel tombs. a try situation. though we had become accustomed to the sound of conflict and impatiently awaited the waters that she sent us into action, we could not drive away the thoughts of the hidden dangers that menaced us.
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the certainty of death never before seemed so near. the approach of dawn was dreaded as though it was to witness our last day upon earth. our thoughts wandered back home and the loved ones there." that is a common theme. it may be your last night on earth. you think of the loved ones back home. maybe just zoom in more into this first action. "the spectacle presented was one of magnificent. advance, we beheld one of the most brilliant displays we'd ever seen in double battle lines. moving towards us at charge bayonets. the sunbeams falling on a well polished guns and bayonets gave a glamour and a show at once fearful and entrancing." frank shell was an artist. he sketches that antietam.
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he's watching the battle from the collins observation post. -- from mccullough's observation post. "the yankee pushed his possession -- its position and its regimental colors waving above the corn stalks and by the spartan flashes from fun barrels and bayonets -- from gun barrels and ban it. who could ever forget the soul wracking suspense, the burning anxiety, the heart pumps of the history making moments." the heart thumps of the history making moments. i think has the most compelling account of the battle of antietam. "our line up here to the edge of the corn. rose up from the ground. the hostile battle lines open up tremendous fire. they were knocked out of the ranks by the dozens."
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george kimball. they would have the highest percentage of loss at the battle of antietam. they took 2334 men into the battle and lost 224. "how terrible the shock, horror men go down, screams and groans follow the first volley. as rapidly asre we can. our offices cry, give it to them, boys. there is a royal musketry -- a musketry and shelter bursting among us and the wild excitement of battle i forget my fear and think only of killing as many of the foe as i can. a man a few paces from the it struck in the face by a solid shot. fragments of the poor fella's head filled with disgust. theirs just a few of us left now." sandy pendleton on jackson staff. "such a storm of balls i never conceived it possible for men to live through. shrinking and crashing. canister and bullets whistling and hissing. most fiend like through the air
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until you could almost see them. th 3000 rounds an hour and 3-4,000,000 bullets fired in 12 hours it is a must if you can see them. the fire became fearful and incessant and -- into a tumultuous course that made the earth tremble. the discharger musketry sounded upon the ear like a rolling of a thousand drums. julius captured the as is of the american civil war in one sentence. i've been trying to do it for 35 years. in the 12 massachusetts. he's wounded early on. his fella from his regiment drag them into the east woods for protection. " our troops advance. the firing was terrific. the corn stalks fell. the air was full of explosions and the smell of brimstone. it strikes the tree. i was shot to the right thigh by
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our own men. a poor fella with uplifted arms begs for water. i was exposed to the fire of slavery and freedom." his arm is shot off and the man speaks no more. another confederate lays in front of me with a horrible wound. it is hell,. i became unconscious, where i remember nothing of the struggle for the possession of the cornfield, the last struggle for possession of the cornfield." he was caught between the fire of. slavery and freedom confederate artillery was shrinking and flying all around, striking the ground in wicked manner and throwing up dirt and dust and clouds as high as the trees. it seems as though all the de vil's if for no had been assembled on this horrible field. "all the deivils incarnate
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assembled on this horrible field." corps would reinforced it another 7000 towing to combat. -- throw into combat. nobody is really in command of anything at the battle of antietam. you cannot see more than 10 feet. you can tell in the numbers. they fire 3 million bullets and they only had 25,000. they were not very good shots. really all the commanders can do is keep throwing guys at it. and that as a problem. there is a lot of them and they keep throwing at them. stonewall jackson. he wrote in his official report." the federal infantry advanced to the edge of the woods in eastern side of our turnpike. batteries were opened in front. and ourd canister troops became exposed for an hour to a terrific storm of shell canister and musketry. with heroic spirit are lines
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advance to the conflict and maintained the position in the face of superior numbers with stubborn resolution. sometimes driving enemy before the. sometimes being compelled to fall back before their well sustained a destructive fire. the cardizem both sides was terrific."-- the carnage on both sides was terrific." great tumbling together of all heaven and earth are the slaughter on both sides was enormous. a soldier in the 14th new york. "it was on the part of our men,an intense, hysterical excitement, and needed is to go forward, a reckless sticks regard for life. men and officers of new york and wisconsin are fused into a common mass in the frantic struggle to shoot fast." everybody tears cartridges, loads guns or shoots. men are falling and the places and running back into the corn. many of the recruits who are killed or wounded only left home
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10 days ago. 1/4 of mcclellan, maybe on e third of his army has never fought in battle. many are firing their weapons for the first time in september 17th. that to rupees da -- frufus dawes. "and allay down on the ground behind the low rail fence. another line of men came to the corn. we jumped over the fence and pushed out into the open field. forward is the word. the men are loading and firing and shouting and laughing hysterically. before us isld covered with rebels fleeing for their lives. great number as a mentor shot while climbing over the posting rail fences. we push on over the open field halfway to the little church on the landscape. at this moment, is when we have the counterattack. i need to go back one. the counterattack of hood's
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command. they are held in reserve. in the woods behind the church. they are brought up. they cross the hagerstown turnpike, 100 yards north of hagerstown pike. aj baker and 11 mississippi. went into battle. i was wounded in the foot by the fraction of a bombshell. it seem to me that every blasted yankee was firing at us unlimited range. my company lost every officer except one in the battle killed or wounded." scott carson. "it seemed the whole world was in arms against us. flags waitingright in every direction." texas, the first highest percentage of casualties in the confederate army. the sound of, battle was deafening, the
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blooming artillery, and the steady popping of thousands more distant. the explosions of shells and the whine and hiss of lead balls. men yelled. other screened to be heard by their comment, file closers and company holders until they were hoarse or shot. dead and dangerously wounded living.ay among the walking wounded dribble from the line like a funeral paul. think clouds of corn drifted over the -- think clouds of smoke drifted over the corn." of full of shot and shell and we were in an open field with no protection. it seemed impossible for a rat to live in such a place. gun,n't take to load my for their plenty of loaded guns lying on the ground by my side. and dead or wounded men.
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the blue and gray were all mixed up." john bell hood." the contests rage until the last round of ammunition was extended. ranks of brave men were mowed down in heaps right and left. never before was i so continuously troubled with the fear that might horse would further injure someone did follow lying -- fellow lying helpless on the ground." soldier in the fourth texas. "the hottest place ever saw on earth or want otto see hereafte. there were shot shells, balls sweeping the face of the earth, legs, arms and parts of human bodies flying in the air like straw in a whirlwind. the dogs of war were loose and havoc was their cry." hooker. he's wounded and carried off the field. "every stock of corn in the
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northern part of the field was caught as closely as good a been done with the knife. it was never my fortune to witness such a dismal bloody battlefield." coates. " when we first entered the field, the stocks stood thick and strong. but by the close of the day not a stalk, scarcely a vestige of corn could be seen anywhere to show that a crop of grain had been gathered." this crop of grain was gathered not by the hand and sweat of brow and peace, but it had been destroyed by the red hand of carnage and blood in war. the corn was harvested by the red hand of carnage. the result of these first attacks, hooker's first corps. lawton's division to the brunt of his.
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in douglas's brigade south of the cornfield, he lost 50% of his 560 men. haze's brigade lost a 60%. just as division changed hands four times. some of the recent scholarship done by our volunteer, there were almost 200 command changes on the battlefield of antietam in 12 hours. you think about that in your organization. 200. command changes. you wonder why nothing happened the next day. hood's division lost 60%. of the 12th corps comes onto the field. mansfield is mortally wounded. williams takes over. mansfield said, excuse me, williams. the infantry was beyond anything inconceivable to
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the on issued -- to the on the issue uninitiated. -- right abnnd left of a base to the infernal music. all the buildings on broadway fell at once. it was no longer alone the boom of the batteries but a rattle of musketry. at first paddling like drops upon a roof than a role, a rush like a mighty ocean billowing upon the shore. wait upon waved with deep and heavy explosions like the crashing of thunderbolts. ba, i wasin the 128 fighting in a cornfield when i was wounded a ball passing through my thigh did not injure the ball. the list will so fast i have not time to look around. i came up the field making my way there through the shower of bullets.
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another soldier. it was only the thought of home that brought me from that place. only the thought of home. there is a lull in the fighting. edward sumner would arrive. i'll leave that discussion to vince armstrong. i'm sure you will hear about that tomorrow. 1.i would make about that, george mcclellan, we hear about his caution. he double down. he is making simultaneous attacks on opposite ends of the field. one of the units -- a unit that suffers the highest number of is -- i will move the maps forward. the 15th massachusetts, frank bullard.
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i guess the bullets flew for 18 to 20 minutes fast as we could get them in and out of our guns. i heard a voice from the rear crying fall that. i turned around and said what does that mean. again, the cry, fall back. someone yelled the rebels are on our reader. all was confusion. we ran like a flock of sheep. the rebs load us down. cedric division flanked on three sides. they will lose half the command in 20 minutes. edwin sumner rides into the group. you are in a bad fix. 20 massachusetts, and less time than it takes to tell it the ground was shrewd with the bodies of the dead and wounded. ,ump the stone of the 15th mass
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you asked me about the battle of antietam. the 17th of september. put down in history as the most desperate battle the war. thousands yielded their lives that this government must and shall live. how i escaped so many bullets, god only knows. whizzing by my face cutting down poor fellows around me. you cannot realize the horrors of the battlefield to see the dead and wounded cut up in every conceivable way. the 15th regiment is a corporal guard or it was before the battle. stonewall jackson, by the time reinforcements arrived, checking his advance and driving them back with slaughter from beyond the woods and gaining possession of our original p position, no further advances made on the left by the enemy.
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centrist division went into battle with 40 -- 5400 men and lost 2200 wounded captured or missing. the other two divisions in the command, french and richardson turned toward the sunken road. a little closer, french and richardson moving toward the sunken road. frederick hitchcock from pennsylvania. soundedeys of musketry in the distance like a rapid pouring of shots on a tin pan or the tearing of a heavy canvas. tearing as the volleys rip down the lines of infantry. how does one feel in this situation? felt the situation most keenly and felt uncomfortable. [laughter] for myid this is a duty
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country and i will do it. my greater fear was not that i might be killed but grievously left the victim suffering on the field. an occasional shell reminding us we were rapidly approaching the debatable ground. doesn't that sum it all up? the debatable ground. a hell of a debate. ee osborne 14th north carolina. bannersleaming, glistening in the sun. dh hill said they came with all the precision of a parade day. pageantry before the butchery. rifles flamed and roared in the federal p faces. downntire front line went in the consuming blast. thomas livermore from new hampshire. the roaring of bursting shells, the coming up deadly fragments. our own cheers.
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it all seemed to fill the horizon and drive peas away forever. charles johnson said it was -- eace away forever. james chan from north carolina, the mini ball shot and shell rained on us. the slaughter was terrible. i could scarcely extricate myself from the dead and wounded around me. edward spangler, the lane was packed with their dead. in other places they lay to come up 3, 5 deep. such a scene of carnage. we moved to the other attack. the attack on the sunken road and burnside bridge are simultaneous. , moving into the ninth core ambrose burnside.
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one soldier's account from ohio. fearful moment had arrived. skirmishers were advanced to clear the bridge. forward rang out along the lines and the assaulting columns charged the bridge. instantly lighted up with one long sheet of flame. after volley of musketry driven into the faces of the advancing column. the head of the column pushed on bravely but it was seen to waiver before such a murderous blast. the champions of freedom struggled against the driving storm of iron and led that tore through iraq's. -- that tore through our ranks. the brave fellows fell back as if smitten by a blast of hell. the bursting shells were appalling. destruction hovered in the air. ed it.environ
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approaches were strewn with dead men. all who attempted to cross it eternity. private george brunson road home to his wife that evening, i do not know the name of that creek but i have named it the creek of death. such a slaughter i hope never to witness again. inside the -- takes the bridge that he prepares for two hours for the final advance of the day. going the wrong way, i'm sorry. what we call the final attack. -- here areurnside two of the most honest appraisals of combat that i can share with you. david l thompson. we heard through the war that the army was eager to be let against the enemy but when you come to hunt for this particular inch it is the next regiment that has it.
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the truth is when bullets are cracking skulls like eggshells the consuming passion and the breath of an average man is to get out of the way. there is a predicament of exceptional awkwardness from which a hidden hole in the ground would be a wonderful welcome outlet. he is looking for a hole in the ground i get it. private burley from michigan. i've heard and seen pictures of battles. they would be in a line standing in a nice level field. a number of ladies take care of the wounded. it is not so. i had a bullet strike me on top of my head as i was -- a ball hit my finger and another hit my thumb. i concluded they meant me. a soldier in the 79th highlanders making the advance of the burnside bridge road. soon as the enemy discovered our line, it was a terrible ordeal.
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the fire was pouring death upon .ur ranks barry benson from south carolina. we hurried onto the field of battle. there arose a line of the enemy who we drove in disorder at first fire. we poured volley after volley with terrible execution. part of hoods counterattack going to drive back burnside. 2400 men core suffers killed and wounded and the -- one of the things that happens at antietam and we have been trying to solve this. most people visit come up into the park, they get down to the burnside bridge and they are done. the vast majority of the fighting on that end of the field was after the bridge. that is with a real action is. tot people have no idea
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summarize, from sunrise to sunset, the waves of battle and am flowed. lines regiments regains and divisions. fading away under the terrible fire leaving long lines of dead to mark where stood the living. fields of corn were trampled, forests battered. huge limbs sent crashing to the earth. scream in this hellish carnival. george gordon describes the battle of antietam as a hellish carnival. not a carnival i want to visit. , the lastower free sounds of battle long antietam creek died away. the canon could grow cool. there were thousands sleeping the sleep that knows no waking many times as many suffering the agonies attended on wounds.
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corn entries so fresh, reddened with the blood and tour and by bullet and shell. the earth was for road -- was fo night came and brought refreshment and forgetfulness to many. the murmur of the night wind, breathing over the fields of wheat and clover, mingled with the groans of countless sufferers of both armies. who can imagine the horrors of such a night? lieutenant blakely, 16th connecticut. all was quiet and silent as the grave. john walker, a confederate general. to those with not been witness to a great battle like this where more than 100,000 men armed with the appliances of modern science and skill, there engaged in the work of slaughtering each other. it is impossible by the power of
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words to convey an adequate idea of the terrible sublimity. the booming of the canon, the ceaseless roar of musketry. lost -- industry infantry lost in the smoke adding weirdness to the terror altogether make up a combination of sights and sounds indescribable. over by the church private hicks from pennsylvania, under the dark shade of a towering oak lay a lifeless form of a drummer boy in on more than 17. eyes of blue and flaxen hair and of delicate mold. i stooped down. i perceived a bloody mark on his four head. it showed worth the lead messenger of death had produced a wound that caused his death. his lips were compressed, his eyes half open. a smile played upon his countenance.
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drums side lay his tenor never to be tapped again. said the piles of surpassed anything on any battlefield. the cold harbor slaughter pen and the fredinburg's -- all compared with what i saw at antietam. my feeling was the antietam turnpike surpassed all in manifest evidence of slaughter. -- the bloodstained bodies, the confusion. something no one can have any idea of him as they been here themselves. i found war is a terrible thing to think of. when you're actually engaged it is worse yet. william child. he is a surgeon from new hampshire. the days after battle are 1000
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times worse than the days of the battle. know. road, we all the physical pain is not the greatest pain suffered. you can have no idea until you've seen the ideas of the affairs after battle. the poor, wounded mutilated soldiers that have life and sensation make a most horrid picture. him.urial crews moved the confederates had gone down --grass balls before the lying in rows like ties on a railroad in sheets like cordwood -- there were men in every state of mutilation. arms legs head of greater number than we had ever seen on any field. how many shattered hopes we buried none of us can ever know. thing.a dreadful
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a battlefield is an ugly blot on mr. lincoln gives he wrote when the rebel army was at frederick i determined as soon as it would be driven out of maryland to issue the proclamation of emancipation. i made a promise to myself and to my maker rebel army is now driven out and i'm going to fill that promise. the president changes the course of the war. changes are nation. the war is no longer just about reunification. it is now about freedom for 4.5 million americans. he said on january 1, i never in that i felt more certain
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was doing the right. my whole heart is in it. horace greeley said the beginning of the end of the rebellion in the beginning of a new life for the nation. a lot of visitors to the park. 7 million people have visited the park since i've been working there. some days i feel like i've talked to most of them. but i am blessed to live in such a special place. one visitor i will share with 1963, president kennedy visited the battlefield. hadve a tour to ted kennedy a sense of history when doing my ranger thing as i always do. he said i was here with my brother. he was talking about this visit. it came from camp david in a helicopter. the president captured it all in his writings. antietam symbolizes something more important than military strategy and heroism. it marks a turning point in
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worldwide consequence. our civil war had a new dimension which was important to the whole course of human liberty. thank you all very much. appreciate it. [applause] >> a couple of questions? >> ok, no problem. >> did you find accounts of union and confederate at the same spot on the battlefield -- >> that would make this even better. -- a lotust in general more union material that confederate. it's a lot harder on confederate side to find accounts. the marriott of reasons for that. hopefully you appreciate their words.
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they saw it and felt it. most of -- you have to be careful with cherry pick" to make a point. >> do you not -- think one of the reasons general mcclellan's held so negatively by so many historians at antietam is because a lot of the historiography is based on his letters to his wife? said he was just expressing his inner thoughts to his wife. he was not necessarily -- he was speaking tongue and cheek. and they are kind of taken out of context. you are quoting a lot of soldiers. i thought it would be interesting --
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>> i agree with that 100%. any of us want -- would any bus want -- and think that that fully expresses all of it? otherll hear that from speakers here today. a lot of it is because the postwar, lincoln -- he is against lincoln in the election of 1864. almost as bad as long street speaking out against generally. pushed off to the side for the rest of his life. people ask me all the time wins talkbattle and you can about that million different ways. i've had a lot of those conversations of high's of government and military. we had that conversation. who achieves their operational objectives in the maryland campaign? george mcclellan does and most times he beaten to the punch. winningd is actually
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the maryland campaign. why that has turned so badly, i think it is because of his opposition to lincoln. no one is going to pick mcclellan over lincoln, let's face it. most circles. just my sense of it. true this is the deadliest day in american history? itif you want to be precise is the worst one-day battle in american history. you can make arguments. the worst one-day battle in america one of the most difficult times for this entire september of 2001. i forgot probably 50 phone calls asking about the casualty numbers whether 9/11 was now
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going to be the bloodiest day. so people wanted to know. the thing -- hopefully you heard it from my comments, it does not matter if it is 3000, 30,000, if it is your son or your father we can't get so caught up in these numbers in who is the greatest or the worst. you're hearing that from me. but if it is you and your family the numbers do not matter. one is the number that matters if it is you or your son. i am done preaching. sorry about that. antietam is four times d-day, six times pearl harbor. i have done that map. it is not necessarily apples and apples because you're talking american casualties at d-day and
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pearl harbor. but 6000e those american casualties. 4000. so it is 3000 and pearl harbor. i get that question a lot too. you guys have been awesome. thank you for inviting me down. [applause] peoplen more about the and events that shaped the civil war and reconstruction every saturday at 6:00 p.m. eastern on 3.rican history tv on c-span sunday on q and a -- .> i worked with four people jimmy carter, bill clinton, barack obama and to my surprise,
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donald j. trump. >> publisher of many best-selling nonfiction books. >> i came to understand about donald trump, and this is important for the way things work now, is donald trump in his heart of hearts believes he always wins. here's a guy who has been in new york real estate but gambling real estate, boxing, beauty contests, television, construction. never the target of a criminal investigation. that is astonishing in new york city. >> a conversation with journalists and publisher peter arsenault's, sunday night on c-span prosecutor and a -- on c-span's q and a. >> christina chaplin whose government accountability office report says the pentagon weapon system cyber security is vulnerable. >> right now they don't test
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systems for the kinds of threats you might see from russia and china and north korea. they are not allowed to in terms of testing. they don't want to potentially disrupt the system. >> watch the communicators night on c-span war, denniscivil fried talks about his book antietam's shadows, mistry, myth and machinations describing his research approach and gives famous quotes about the battle that might not be true. >> our next speaker and tonight's keynote speaker sponsored by civil war trails and you can find more information in your packets, is dennis brian. it recently retired from his si


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