tv CBS Coverage of Apollo 11 Return to Earth CSPAN July 21, 2019 2:50pm-3:41pm EDT
its rich history. to watch more video from traverse city and other stops on our tour, visit c-span.org/citiestour. you are watching american history tv, all weekend, every weekend on c-span3. historyeekend, american tv is looking back 50 years to the apollo 11 moon landing. up next, cbs coverage of the return and recovery of the on july 4,stronauts 1969. a live broadcast includes president nixon's interviews of the three astronauts, buzz aldrin, neil armstrong, and michael collins aboard the uss hornet, the ship that retrieve the command module from a remote area in the ocean. this is from american history on c-span3, where every weekend we explore our nation's past. >> they are there on the aircraft carrier, ready for the
ceremony. [inaudible] >> i wonder if we could ask you, indication any as to this excess full moon shot has been around the world? has been tremendous. i do not know if anything has been a effective as this event. the president will comment on it, which i think is safer, but it is tremendous. ad i think it will be meticulous significance, especially because of the attitude of the astronaut. >> mr. secretary, do you expect there will be some affect visible on the trip the president is now beginning? >> ef, without question. i'm sure that will be true in japan and other places. thank you are much, mr. secretary. that was secretary of state rogers, who has come down to the hangar deck in advance of the arrival of the president. bending there with henry
kissinger, admiral mccain, the commander-in-chief of pacific forces, and rear admiral davis, commander of the why see a frontier.e -- the yca is slowly making his way over to us. what is the word inside the mobile quarantine facility on the condition of the astronauts? >> the doctor says the astronauts appear to be in great condition. he has finished taking the blood samples and the swabs, so he is through of them. aldrin is getting out of the shower, armstrong and collins are already dressed. they are all very happy to be back. >> i could imagine. >> and very proud of what they have accomplished for the whole world, and especially proud of the recovery force, so that is a good thing. a bit. not blame them the recovery went off without a hitch.
>> it certainly seems to. it was one of our best. >> it is too early to find out if there is any initial determination about the possible effects of the lunar excursion by aldrin and armstrong? a bursaryse, this is examination and a normal physical he is going through now, as you know. nothing very different than what we have done on all the flights. but the analysis of these things back in houston will be the determining factor. he says from a medical point of view at this particular time, they look great. they look just great. report ons been the almost every other flight, hasn't it? >> yes. i hope it continues as well. >> was there a quote from armstrong at that command? >> no, i did not have a chance to talk to neil, and i did not talk to aldrin. i did talk to collins, the only one who was available. they are feeling fine. he says they are all in great
shape, they feel fine, they can't wait to get home. >> that will be great news, not only for their families but all the american people. much.you very that was then james, the nasa public affairs officer who has given us that first most encouraging word on the condition of our astronauts, armstrong, aldrin, and collins, following their return from the lunar flight as the initial inside themination quarantine facility. very shortly, we can expect president nixon, who has been kept informed in detail of the developments here on the flight deck. he will be making his appearance also on the hangar deck and becoming over to congratulate the astronauts. undoubtedly he also has received word that we just now received, that the astronauts are in good condition, happy to be back, and delighted for the recovery, which went off without a flaw. we hear now that there will be four minutes, but president
nixon will be down here on the hangar deck. the marine honor guard is standing at attention on either side of the door to the mobile quarantine facility. any moment now, the curtains and the window over the presidential seal will be drawn back, revealing the three astronauts. agos, we spoke a moment about the fact that one of them had already taken a shower. there is a pocket-size lavatory, and there is space for a shower. it is not a full-sized shower, by any means. it is more like a very small sized bathtub, not more than a foot bath, with a shower overhead. so they cannot take the shower. receiving the ship's water at this time, but that qsll be cut off before the m
is offloaded at pearl harbor to be turned over to the air force base, then flown back to the ellington air force base in texas. then, the astronauts will be removed from the c141, which flies them there. another tractor-trailer, called , will be taken over to ellington, to the lunar receiving laboratory. all is ready down here now on the hangar deck. the tunnel made of any transparent plastic is established between, from the door on the side of the mobile quarantine facility, waiting only for the moment when the command module will be brought on board. module, when it is brought back to land, will go to downing, california, for a 21 day quarantine period and
curtailed inspection. at that time, the lunar samples and the lunar rocks the astronauts brought back from the moon will have long since been removed and sent to the various scientific teams that have been waiting anxiously for the samples from our earth's planet, our sister planets, the moon, for an examination in detail of the lunar soil and lunar rocks, and the other substances the astronauts brought back. also removed from the command module, while it is on board the hornet, will be some of the stronauts' personal effects and some of the material. they will be taken out and brought back to the astronauts. correction on something i said a
moment ago -- the spacecraft will be sent to houston, texas, not california. moment, down here the dignitaries, who are on board with the presidential party are gathering. secretary ofourse state rogers, who is carrying one of the hornets baseball caps, the caps that the captain has been spreading around. the president has come down to the escalator through the hatch, to the hangar deck. ♪ ♪ chief plays]
>> president nixon waving to the astronauts. the curtains have been drawn and there they are in the rear window. [applause] the president signaling for applause from the crowd. astronauts gather in the window. >> neil, buzz and mike, i want you to know that i think i'm the luckiest man in the world and i say this not only because i have the honor to be president of the united states but particularly because i have the privilege of speaking for so many in
welcoming you back to earth. i can tell you about all the messages we've received in washington. over 100 foreign governments, emperors, presidents, prime ministers and kings have sent the most warm messages that we've ever received. they represent over two billion people on this earth, all of them who have had an opportunity through television to see what you have done. and then i also bring you messages from members of the cabinet and members of the senate and members of the house and the space agency, from the streets of san francisco where people stopped me a few days ago. you all love that city, as i do. but most important i had a telephone call yesterday, the toll wasn't, incidentally, as great as the one i made to you on the moon. i made that call collect if you didn't know. but i called three of the
greatest ladies and most courageous ladies, your wives, and from jan and joan and pat, i bring their love and their congratulations. we think it's just wonderful that they couldn't have participated through television in this return. we're only sorry they couldn't be here. i've got to let you know a little secret. i made a date with them. i invited them to dinner on the 13th, right after you come out of quarantine. it will be a state dinner held in los angeles. the governors of all the 50 states will be there. the ambassadors, others from around the world and in america. and they told me that you would come, too the and all i want to know is will you come? we want to honor you then? >> we'll do anything you say, mr. president. president nixon: one question
that i think all of would you say like to ask, as we saw you bouncing around in that boat out there i wonder if that wasn't the hardest part of the journey? did any of you get seasick? >> no, it didn't, and it was one of the harder parts but it was one of the most pleasant, we can assure you. president nixon: i just know that you can sense what we all sense, when you get back now. you've been able to follow some of the things that happened when you were gone. did you know about the all-star team? >> the capsule communicators have been giving us reports. president nixon: were you american league or national league? >> i'm american league. >> i am nonpartisan survey area president nixon: there is the politician in the group. >> sorry to have missed that game. president nixon: you knew that, too? >> we have not learned to
control the weather yet. i can only summarize because i don't want to how old up, gee, you look great. do you feel as look as you look? >> we feel great. president nixon i understand : frank borman says you're a little younger by reason of having gone into space. do you feel that way? >> we're a lot younger than frank borman. [laughter] president nixon: there he is over there. come on over, frank, so they can see you. and -- come on, frank. >> mr. president, the one thing, we have -- mike collins gave me a hard time for describing words of fantastic and beautiful, and i counted them, in three minutes up there he used four fantastics and two beautifuls. president nixon: let me close off with this one thing. i was thinking, as you came
down, and we know it was a success. and it had only been eight days, just a week, a long week, but this is the greatest week in the history of the world since the creation. because, as a result of what happened in this week, the world is bigger infinitely, and also, as i'm going to find on this trip around the world, and secretary rogers will find as he covers the other countries in asia, as a result of what you've done, the world has never been closer together before, and we just thank you for that, and i only hope that all of us in government, all of us america, that as a result of what you've done, we can do our job a little better. we can reach for the stars, just as you have reached so far to the stars. we don't want to hold you any longer. does anybody have a last word? how about promotions, do you think we can arrange something? >> we're just pleased to be back
and very honored that you were so kind to come out here and welcome us back, and we look forward to getting out of this quarantine and talking without having glass between us. president nixon: incidentally, speeches you have to make at this dinner can be very short and if you want to just say fantastic or beautiful, that's all right with us. [laughter] you don't have to think of any new adjectives, they have all been said. incidentally, all of us who, the millions that are seeing us on television now and seeing you, will feel as i do, and since our prayers have been answered, i think it would be very appropriate if the chaplain of this ship were to offer a prayer of thanksgiving and if he would step up now, chaplain, thank you. >> let us pray. lord god, our heavenly father, our minds are staggered and our spirits exultant with the magnitude and precision of this entire apollo 11 mission.
we have spent the past week in anxiety and hope as our astronauts sped through the glories and dangers of the heavens. as we try to understand and analyze the scope of this achievement for human life, our reason is overwhelmed with abounding gratitude and joy. even as we realize the increasing challenges of the future. this magnificent event illustrates anew what man can accomplish one purpose is firm and intend corporate. a man on the moon was promised in this decade, and though some were unconvinced, reality is with us this morning in the persons of astronauts armstrong, aldrin and collins. we applied their splendid -- applaud their splendid exploit and we pour out our thanksgiving for their safe return to us, to their families, to all mankind.
from our innermost beings, we sing humble yet exuberant phrase. may the great effort and commitment seen in this project apollo inspire our lives to move similarly in other areas of need. may we, the people, by our enthusiasm and devotion and insight move to new landings in brotherhood. human concern and mutual respect. may our country apply leadership and backed by committed fellowship blaze new trails into all areas of human cares. see our enthusiasm and bless our joy with dedicated purpose for the many needs at hand. link us in friendship with peoples throughout the world as we strive together to better the human condition. grant us peace beginning in our own hearts and a mine attuned with good will towards our
>> president nixon leaving the hangar deck. the navy band has honored him with traditional flourishes hail to the chief. now going up the flight deck where we find keith -- >> i think it was even more -- i don't think we have seen the president look like that since his own inauguration. i think it was even more enthusiastic when he was talking to the astronauts in their sealed chamber. it looked like he was about to hug himself he was so thrilled. he appeared that way all day on the flight bridge, watching the splashdown but more especially when he confronted them through that little glass door. i thought he would take a little
leap or something. here he is marching on the flight deck. >> look, in the past two weeks, he's been one of the most overworked men that we've ever seen. the captain i think is taking him over to meet -- from the flight deck crew a very courageous young man. being is in ad loaded flattop loaded high tension wires, cannonballs, razor-sharp propeller blades, helicopter rotor blades and high-powered aviation fuel. we have had tragedies in the navy. these young men lead very dangerous lives.
the president is going down the line shaking hands with the flight deck crew men. a little grimy and a little dirty. no one deserves a presidential than these young fellows who keep the planes flying on and off. >> all these different colors of their jerseys represent the different chores they have on the flight deck dealing with ordnance or fuel or safety, moving helicopters. >> the rainbow side boys will have those different colors on. there they go right up the steps. and into marine one. >> somebody asked the captain the other day whether this wasn't a great inconvenience having the president and all his party on-board when he was trying to recover astronauts in the spacecraft and he said no,
he thought it was an inconvenience for the president to have to get up before 5:00 in the morning. >> we asked him many times whether this impending upon his duties of getting the astronauts back and he said no. the presence of the president really pointed up the importance of this historic event. >> somebody asked the air officer, the man who is in charge of all the landings and takeoffs, flight deck and hanger -- hangar deck, whether this wasn't a big headache for him, to have the president who is now about to step on his helicopter and to the other visitors. >> there he goes. >> so long mr. president. >> he said this is a quiet afternoon compared to air operations in north vietnam. take-off and landing every 12 minutes from this carrier. was that the chaplain that
gave the prayer down there? >> yes it was. playeds the one who president and enduring the simulations than drills for the president's visit. around.to talk politics >> he is taken a lot of ribbing. here toixon goes from the communications ship which is andt half way between here the island and he will put down to reveal there. he will go to guam, the philippines, thailand, indonesia, new delhi, pakistan and more.
>> and so president nixon, after telling the men of apollo 11, that their mission was the greatest event in the history of man, fly away from the recovery aircraft carrier hornet on his flight around the world. cbs news coverage of the recovery of apollo 11 will continue in a moment. >> cbs news coverage of man on the moon, splashdown and recovery, continues after station identification. >> this is cbs
>> this is cbs news coverage of man on the moon. the epic journey of apollo 11. sponsored by western electric. manufacturing supply unit of the bell system. and by the international paper company where good ideas grow on trees, and by maxim freeze-dried coffee. here again is walter cronkite. >> we're waiting for word from houston that apollo commander neil armstrong's wife is about to come out of their home there to say a word to large crowd of neighbors and press, while the president of the united states stood by and we heard a prayer of thanksgiving from the aircraft carrier hornet. there were similar prayers being offered around this nation and this exultant moment of
excitement and self-congratulations to the -- cardinal cook in new york led a mass of thanksgiving at new york's cathedral here, and similar services in grace episcopal cathedral in san francisco, and community service in parsons, kansas, and in numerous churches across the entire nation. bells, crimes, from the churches -- chimes from the churches along fifth avenue in san francisco, firecrackers tossed from the tallest buildings and tickertape in the financial district bedlam of noise in san francisco in neil armstrong's hometown, the high school band began a parade and nearly all of the town people followed along through the streets. it's a day of great excitement, great joy throughout the united states and presumably throughout the world.
the wives of the astronauts have passed word out to the press, through nasa spokesmen, during these missions of that issue -- mrs. armstrong, we're told, sat in the living room crowded with some 30 persons. she showed no outward emotion when her husband was pronounced well and down safely. she sat on the floor in front of the television set with her sons, eric 12, and mark 6, and listened to astronaut james lovell sitting with them explain what was happening, at every stage of the letdown. pat collins was said to be pleased but restrained. later she said i felt the greatest thrill at the sighting of the craft.
i felt especially thankful for the successful conclusion of the flight. she had six astronaut wives with her at their home in houston man space center and champagne began flowing just as soon as the slashdown took place. the aldrin home likewise. the champagne cork popped with his father-in-law, from arcadia, enjoying the festivities there, and also, firecrackers on the lawn. reaction, excitement around the world. we heard president nixon say there might be promotions waiting for these fellows. actually the nasa rules up to now, perhaps all rules will be off with the flight to the moon but the rules up to now have been a promotion after the first flight in space and each of these fellows has had one flight
before so they are not entitled by the old rules, they might get them anyway. if so, that will move air force colonel neil armstrong up to brigadier general and aldrin -- armstrong, he's a civilian, it would move aldrin up to brigadier general, wouldn't it and mike collins up to colonel. he's lieutenant colonel right now. nice retort they came back with, when they talked about the age. suggesting they were a little bit younger than they were when they went off, and he would be glad to have arthur clark explain it. but they came back and said they had always been younger than borman. that's true. they are just about the same age. actually aldrin by a couple of months is older. he's 39 and the other two are 38 at this given moment. the crew of the hornet gave them yellow buttons saying hornet plus three.
the hornet had taken on three extra passengers out there 950 miles southwest of hawaii. an unusual place to take them aboard. what is the business now, arthur? we've talked about it before but as we wait for mrs. armstrong to come out. the relativity effect. >> the rate of which time flows is a function of your velocity. if you left the earth and came back he would age slightly less than the people you left behind. there would be about a millionth of a second difference. all the astronauts came back a millionth of a second younger than they should. this will be important until we start going to the stars. they come back and they are still young man and find that
civilization on earth has passed away. you do not get younger. you get less old. you don't age as fast. >> you cannot run the clock back but in principle you could come back a million years from now and be only a few years older than you were when you started, as far as you're concerned. >> on the other hand. whether you're younger or older, you, ali, have seen i don't know how many times more sunrises and sunsets than you're entitled to. because you are on every orbit of the earth and you have made as many as anybody practically. but every orbit of the earth, you're making that you're making is hour and a half. -- >> it's about 16 per day. after about 12 days, that's quite a few of them. >> yeah. >> international dateline, crossing the international dateline. if you wind the calendar back,
that's the way to get younger. >> we're waiting for mrs. armstrong at houston. waiting for word that she's leaving her house and television cameras set up on the lawn along with story cameras, from the world's press waiting to see the wife of the commander of apollo 11 on this great day when they have returned safely to earth after a historic mission to the moon. we reported a little bit earlier, congratulations are flowing in. they came the first time with landing on the moon and now with successful completion of the entire mission. the president of the soviet union has sent his congratulations from moscow. the russian news agency reports this. you know, as we wait for mrs. armstrong, something occurs to me here. i got a very nice wire from general ed white.
his father, a astronaut who was our first to walk many space and who lost his live in the pad fire of what was to have been the first test flight of the apollo command module. along with gus grissom and roger chaffee. we say frequently and it's almost a cliche that these men did not die in vain. these fellows really didn't because they made major contribution that we'll talk about in just a moment first, here's mrs. armstrong. >> have all your prayers been answered? >> yes. i would like to say to the president of the united states, president nixon, president johnson, president kennedy, too all of nasa and the contractors who have helped to make this flight successful, to the
astronaut crew, to the men, the three men, who made this historic flight, and to all the people from the world, we thank you for everything, your prayers, your thoughts, for everything. if anyone wants to ask me how i could describe this flight, i can only say that it was absolutely out of this world. >> i'm proud of my dad. i think what he's done is pretty great. >> can you tell us now what your husband took to the moon for you? can you tell what they left on the moon? >> no. >> can you tell us what the
president said in his telephone call to you? >> he told me that -- -- [inaudible] >> are you looking forward to the ceremonies on the 13th >> i think it will be very outstanding for us. >> the you think it's time for your husband to skip the space program or keep on going, another moon flight? >> i don't care what he does. [indiscernible] >> mrs. armstrong, have you received any mail? can you tell us about that? >> we've had thousands of letters from all over the world. that -- >> did you break out the
>> it's nice that mrs. armstrong could get flowers. there will always be a public relations man. >> very kind thought, obviously, expresses the wishes of all of us, we wish we could all send flowers to mrs. armstrong, but she would be buried in them in houston. we had a thought a moment ago about the three astronauts that did not die in vain because quite clearly, wally, arthur, the program was in trouble, and it proved that the program was in trouble by that very tragic accident, and the investigation of the accident, that frank borman led, led to refinements in the program, considerable refinement in the program that has given us an almost perfect record since your first flight on apollo 7, the flight gus was to have made. leading up to this magnificent
climax today. >> we did rise out of the ashes. the crew performed flawlessly on this mission. the crew performed flawlessly. textbook flight. >> so gus, roger and ed did not die in vain. cbs news coverage of the recovery of apollo 11 will continue in a moment. >> well, man's dream and a nation's pledge have now been fulfilled. the lunar age has begun. and with it, mankind's march upward into the endless sky, the small planet circling an insignificant star in a minor solar system on the fringe of a seemingly infinite universe. it will be long, arduous, pretty costly. we may hope that we should not believe in the excitement of
today that the next trip or the ones to follow will be particularly easy. but we have begun with a small step for man, a giant leap for mankind. in armstrong's unforgettable words. in these eight days, world was a witness to not only the triumph of technology but to the string -- strength of man's resolve and the persistence of his imagination. through all time, the moon has endured. pale and distant, determining the tides and tugging at the heart. a symbol, a beacon, a goal. now man has prevailed. he's landed on the surface of the moon. he's stabbed into its crust. he's stolen some of its soil to bring back in a tiny treasure ship to perhaps unlock some of its secrets. the date is now indelible. it will be remembered as long as man survives. july 20, 1969, the day man reached and walked on the moon.
the least of us improved by the things done by the best of us because if we're not able to land, at least we're able to follow. armstrong, aldrin and collins are the best of us. and they have led us further and higher than we ever imagined we were likely to go. now speaking for arthur clark and wally schirra and all the staff at cbs news space headquarters this is walter cronkite. [captions copyright national cable satellite corp 2019] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
in the search bar for our apollo 11 anniversary coverage. -- it is down. it is a little difficult to dig -- very interesting. a very soft surface. collectorgency sample a very hard surface a veryappears to be cohesive material of the same sort. i'm going to try to get a rock in here. >> now you are watching american history tv. every weekend beginning at saturday at 8:00 a.m. eastern, we bring you 48 hours of unique programming, exploring our
nation's past. american history tv is only on c-span3. >> i believe they are setting up the flag. this is houston, radio check, over. roger, houston loud and clear. >> and new c-span poll shows a third of americans have a favorable view of the troubl trp administration's space force. the largest group has no opinion. the near even split among all americans shows significant difference is when you get to the partisan breakdown.
over a quarter of democrats share that view. in secondecurity came the hind monitoring earth's environment and was asked to select priorities for u.s. cinco >>you can find the -- national history day is a -- a common exec competition. students can choose a category can be anything like local, national state, ancient, modern everything in between. as long they are interested in it then they go out and find -- they do research. and they find the resources to tell them the story, but also try to figure out the significance of their topics in history, so they are going into archives, into museums, into libraries.