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tv   National History Day - Alice Paul The Fight for the 19th Amendment  CSPAN  September 4, 2019 11:17pm-11:33pm EDT

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we also talked to the festival cocreator. director and senior curator of the center for the arts museum who described how the concert ended up in bethel, 60 miles from the town of woodstock. that is thursday night starting at 8 pm on american history tv on c-span3. there watch the 2020 coverage of the democratic presidential candidates at the new hampshire party convention. live coverage is saturday at 9 pm eastern on c-span, online at or listen with the free app . the theme for the 2019 national history day competition was triumph and tragedy. over 500,000 students took part with 3000 advancing to the finals held in june at the university of maryland in
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college park. up next, for seventh grade students from the phelps center for gifted education in springfield, missouri presented a 10 minute performance entitled the fight for the 19th amendment. >> we are doing a performance title basket. >> ♪ >> ♪ >> ♪ alice paul and activist for equal rights helped with the triumph of american women being able to vote.
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they continue to fight for women's rights to vote. these women continued for equality. lucy -- was another activist in the women's right movement. c the national women's party in 1913 and participating in many protests concerning women's rights. thanks to them and many other activists, women can vote in america. it doesn't mean it was easy. the 19th amendment was established. >> i was was born in new jersey on january 11, 1885. >> two brothers, raymond perry and their sister helen. she grew up being a strong believer of the quaker faith. in 1901, her mother vested.
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after that, she went on to graduate work. >> in 1906, she got into the -- movement. her faith inspired her to join the movement. she had a duty --. >> she was arrested several times. she and other activists were also --. it started in england. the station was so full --. let me go. >> what you just stand --.
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>> arya american? >> yes i am from brooklyn. >> are you a member? >> this is unbelievable. >> have you been to the station before? >> this is my first time. >> i was joking. >> they won't keep me, once i'm out i'm not going to stop. it will make me more --. >> with that attitude we will get along fine. >> the nerves. >> after one mission, they were both in jail.
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i have an idea. hunger strike. to prove they can't keep us down. >> do you think a hunger strike will work? >> i think so. >> it did. >> really be more than a week early. many other activists -- the hunger strike. it didn't work for long. basin force-fed the activists who refuse to eat. what is force-feeding, in an interview, she decided to ask. the food was injected through my nostrils. a metal tube injected through her nostrils. not only england
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but america as well. even of the activists -- they continued on strikes. this event --. >> for a long period of time -- she had to continue her education. then continuing education at pennsylvania. and fighting for freedom in the u.s. 1912, many other american women who fought for women's rights in england. >> when will --. >> a pamphlet from the national association of postwar --. >> vote no. >> because it is a competition. >> they wouldn't dream to work with men. >> noah susan b anthony and --
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dead, we don't have nearly enough. >> i am the leader of the committee. >> think of it. the union that could work. >> that was 1913. 1916, to change the name to the women's party. the association and the women's party joined together to join the national women's party. there were many marches to get the 19th amendment passed. they would not speak codicil signs a peaceful protest. was 1917 when the protest was organized by --. pressured the president since
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world war i started plastic. roughly 500 out of the 2000 activists were taken to jail. somewhere force-fed because of hunger strikes. that did not go so well. >> would you look at this? november 9, 1917. harvey riley wants to form a --. called upon the superintendent today and the demand for which --. these in the six others, given the right to buy food in the prison. my dear sister helen even spoke to a reporter. this is amazing. >> if sister said cannot believe that the president can't she is talking about you.
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>> it wasn't long for the amendment to be ratified. >> this is a huge success. >> not quite. even after, she continued to work for equal rights. and even came up with a --. the amendment or the e.r.a. >> even with an extension. people are still calling out examples. the amendment is meant to be ratified today. my interview, it was stated, i feel it is a political mosaic. >> we won't forget them.
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but only one women the right to vote but more movement today. mosaic maybe them as beautiful. there was a tragedy to --. to get to the plastic. >> ♪ >> ♪ >> ♪ >> ♪
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>> how did you pick this topic? >> we were going to the missouri compromise. when researching, we already knew we wanted to do a performance. we were trying to find important female characters. we didn't come across many that could be pretrade within 10 minute throughout the time so we began looking for email topics for all girls. we came across woman suffrage. we didn't learn about this in elementary school or middle school. especially alice paul. we decided to zone in on alice paul and learn more about the ratification of the 19th amendment. >> what was the process like making it 10 minutes long? >> it was eight minutes. the script is very good but a bit foggy and not concise.
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that after regionals we decided to add more detailed information and make it more personable and more fun, not just doing fax. >> why it is important for people your age to learn about alice paul and the suffrage movement? >> we didn't learn about it. this is women voting. we would not have anywhere near the same country we have today if we didn't have the females out. it is also great for women's rights and other rights. gandhi and martin luther king junior were impacted by the movement. >> we would not have as many rights as we have today without it. >> how did you decide on the costumes? >> her costume was her great- grandmothers -- great, great,
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grandmothers. >> we were going to fleamarket and i had one of my grandparents would have anything? i asked my grandmother and she thought i have this dress that was your great, great- grandmothers and coat. if this works, you can use it. it is about 100 years old. >> thank you for taking the time. all week we are featuring tv programs is a preview of what is available every weekend on c-span3. lectures in history, american artifacts, real america , the civil war, oral history, the presidency and special event coverage about our nations history. enjoy american history tv now and every weekend on c-span3.
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on thursday night, the 50th anniversary of the woodstock music festival. the c-span's washington journal looked back at the woodstock music and art fair. a three-day rock concert that attracted nearly half 1 million people to a dairy farm in upstate new york. david farber joined us to talk about the social movements of the 60s, leading up to the event. we also talked with the festival cocreator artie kornfeld and wade lawrence, director and senior curator of the center for arts museum who described how the concert ended up in bethel, 60 miles from the town of woodstock. that is thursday night, starting at 8 pm eastern on american history tv on c-span3. what is your vision in 2020.
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we are asking students what issue do you most want to see the presidential candidates address? student cam is the nationwide video documentary competition for middle and high school students with $100,000 in total cash prizes at stake. including a $5000 grand prize. students are asked to produce a short video documentary, include c-span video and reflect different points of view. information to get started this on our website. five historians discussed the influence women have had on historic relations in a session titled 99 years after the 19th amendment. this program was part of the society for historians for american former relations.


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