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tv   National History Day - Tinker v. Des Moines 1969 Up in Armbands Exhibit  CSPAN  September 28, 2019 9:50am-10:00am EDT

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history tv on c-span3, where each weekend we feature 48 hours of programs exploring our nation's past. this year, more than 500,000 students competed in national history day at the local level. just three thousand students advanced to the finals at the university of maryland in june. the 2019 theme was "triumph and tragedy." we talk with three aboutts from honolulu their project on the picardy des pinker versusn --
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des moines decision. >> our topic was tinker versus des moines, a supreme court case wore blacknts armbands in protest of the vietnam war. it caused a lot of controversy because it received backlash and they got suspended for it. district their case to court, where they lost and faced tragedy, and took it to the supreme court, where they ended up winning and securing student rights to free speech. >> how did you hear about this story? >> we are actually in ap weernment and politics, and are going through the landmark court cases throughout history. this stood out to us because it involves students around our age, and it is important to us because looking out in the world now, there is a lot of student activism occurring, and it is important to understand why we have these rights and who to appreciate for gaining us these rights. >> i look at the design here,
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the way you did this. can you hi you decided to create the visuals of the exhibit? >> we decided to take the top three movements that kids in our community, or students in our community participate in. matter, march for our lives, and the local hawaii a 30 meteris telescope that was going to be mountain inacred hawaii, and there is a lot of controversy in the state, whether it should be built or not. >> and tell me about your school, where you are from. school --o cajon high -- to school on hawaii and we are encouraged to use our voices and speak up. our school's participation in the 17 minutes of silence for the participation
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of the park when shooting. it was led by our student body and encouraged by our teachers. this is to demonstrate how contrasting the times are from the time of the court case to actually students and kids our age are in courage to use their voices and participate in political discourse. >> why do you think it is important to study history? >> i think it is important to study history mainly because oftentimes, history does repeat itself. we can learn from our past and for example, with this case it today,l a relevant issue because there are so many controversial things going on in this world that students can speak up about and are encouraged to speak up about, as we said. it is important to learn about these things and learn where our rights come from so we are able to act upon them and be able to be inspired to do so. be inspired by the current and
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determination of the tinker siblings and christopher eckardt, who protested the vietnam war in their time, despite the backlash they faced for it. >> what kind of backlash did they face? >> our tragedy section is right here. in addition to them losing in the district court, and the district court siding with the school, they also faced backlash from the public. right here is a hate letter they received, and that is a hate letter from someone sent to their father that basically said, why are you allowing our children to do this and they should not be able to. so they faced a lot of haze. they got hate mail and hate letters. they were determined to fight for what they believed in and despite all this hatred they faced, they continued to do so and did not give up. >> so tell me about this violence in vietnam. >> this is basically what inspired the three students to protest.
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they saw that the u.s. involvement in vietnam was getting out of control in example, one of their classmates actually was killed in vietnam fighting, and this made it even more impactful for them to participate in wearing these armbands, despite knowing they would be suspended for wearing them. they were just disgusted by the american involvement in vietnam. does this experience influence your career choices? what are you thinking about for your careers? >> looking into this court case, it peaked my interest in studying law, going through the court documents and the majority and dissenting opinions that provided a lot of insight into the u.s. justice system. that is something that proved to be really valuable for me and the decisions i want to make in my future, because i think this is something that is very important for the youth of america, and i think that is something that is very interesting, especially for me.
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>> maybe not my career choice and spire by this, but it does inspire me to want to stand up for things i believe in. issue,lly the mauna kea that land belong to our people, and for foreigners to want to build a huge telescope on sacred lands -- i think it is important to stand up for what you believe and. when something doesn't it right with you, to know that you have the rights to speak up and do so. >> thank you very much. >> thank you. ♪ campaign 2020. watch our live coverage of the presidential candidates on the campaign trail and make up your own mind. she's been's campaign 22 -- c-span's campaign 2020. on american history tv, historians eric phone or and simoni and length discussed the changes in society during
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reconstruction and what lessons we can learn from that era. here is a preview. thee know, for example, importance of cases like the slaughterhouse case, the u.s. versus stanley case in 1883 is discussed a great deal by historians and scholars, because this court, this case, the supreme court declared the civile rights -- the rights bill unconstitutional. this was five cases that came before the supreme court and was consolidated. in this case, which is probably one of the most important of the supreme court cases case -- cases, the supreme court found the 14th amendment granted congress the right to regulate only the behavior of the states, not private businesses, not individuals.
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of course, it foreshadowed the plessy decision that would come a little more than a decade later. there must be a time, the court stated, when black people cease to be the special favorite of the law and instead take their rank as mere citizens. there would be no time when black people could take their rank as mere citizens, because protesting, that rate was not available to them. to andrew available jackson, who wrote that he his wife, and unfairly held her as a slave.
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was not available to black men in wilmington, north carolina who were sold into --very in 1866 by this the civil authorities in that county. available to persons, black men and women who are acquitted, and this has continued relevance to our society, who were acquitted on criminal charges, but because they could not pay jail fees, were kept in jail. some were kept in jail so long, languishing in jail so long, they could never get out because the fees kept accumulating. they were given a choice -- they could sell themselves or stay in jail. >> learn more about reconstruction and lesson for today's civil rights debate with historians eric phone or and -- eric phoner and thavoilia
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glymph. >> next, on american history tv, the congressional black caucus posts a ceremony marking the 400th anniversary of the first enslaved africans to arrive in british north america. participants include house speaker nancy pelosi, house minority leader kevin mccarthy and historian annette gordon-reed. this was held in emancipation hall in the capitol visitor center. >> forward, march.

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