tv Road to the White House 1992 Bill Clinton Campaign Appearance CSPAN February 2, 2020 2:00pm-2:39pm EST
lectures in college classrooms and visits to museums and historic places. all weekend, every weekend on c-span3. >> up next on american history tv we look back to the 1992 presidential campaign of arkansas governor bill clinton. he announce his candidacy on october 3, 1992 and five days later, visited franklin high school in new hampshire where he ate lufrpbl, played basketball and took questions from tudents. governor clinton: hi. what's your name? >> linda. governor clinton: i'm governor clinton. hello. how are you? >> good. governor clinton: good to see you. can we shake hands? that's good. thank you. that looks good. i like it.
you didn't get to ask any questions? what's this? ok. shoot. student: how are you? do you have any skim milk? yeah. thank you. what's your name? thank you, i'm bill clinton. i'm glad to see you. how long have you worked here? >> [indiscernible] . good luck. governor clinton: hello. how are you? what's your name? >> danny. governor clinton: good to see you. i'm governor clinton from arkansas. how long have you worked here more? for a long time. go ahead. >> with all the political changes sun and rest, do you think it's important for our
president candidate to have a back on foreign affairs and military defense? governor clinton: i think it's important for a presidential candidate to demonstrate a clear vision for what our national security and foreign policy ought to be to keep america safe and strong. i don't think that you should have to have had a lot of foreign policy experience before. after all, president reagan had no foreign policy experience when he became president. president gorbachev in russia had no experience in foreign affairs when he became president of russia. and i'm the longest serving governor in america. i've had a lot of experience in international economic relations, which will be at the center of our foreign policy in the 1990's in how we compete in the international economy. so i think i should be required to demonstrate an understanding of where our country is and what it takes to keep us safe and strong, to defy what our
national security is and the post-cole war era but i don't think that we should say only people with foreign policy experience can run for president because there's too much evidence that we have many good presidents in foreign policy who didn't come out of the foreign policy area. >> but the world is getting the -- governor clinton: that's right but that's that the most difficult part of the job. the most difficult part of the job is what we should do at home. i do think in the debates which come up, everybody will be given an opportunity to say what do you think the national interest of the country is and when is it appropriate to use force and how should we relate to the soviet union? but we've had many good residents. and just look at president
reagan, had more success in foreign policy arguably than domestic policy. no experience. and the best example of all is gorbachev who came out of a lifetime of domestic policy and has before -- been far more success than. ome. governor clinton: i graduated with a school from foreign service. i would be the only person that ever elected who studied foreign affairs. i spent 11 years working on global economic affairs. so i'm very involveded in a portion of this. but do you what to do and what is your policy going to be. >> ok. thanks so much. i didn't think i was going to catch you. governor clinton: good yes. -- good questions. >> good luck in the future. governor clinton: what's your
name? >> chiang sergeant. governor clinton: good to meet you, chiang. thanks. hello. i'm bill clinton. what's your name? you teach here? >> yes. governor clinton: what do you teach? >> science. governor clinton: good for you. good. i have a daughter who wants to be a scientist. >> oh, really? governor clinton: and she's got a mother who is a real lawyer and a father that's a real politician. she wants to be a scientist and she's in one of our junior high school. she just started seventh grade in the public school. and they have a program in math and science and he entered the math-science program. i'm real proud of her. hoping for it. >> i'm the librarian. governor clinton: was that write just was? >> yeah. governor clinton: the kids make good use of the library?
>> yes, i'm in the middle of moving everything around. governor clinton: good. thanks for letting me use the room. >> you're welcome. governor clinton: the bookkeeper? you balance the books? >> i hope so. governor clinton: this gentleman was in the meeting. what's your name? >> don greg. governor clinton: what do you teach? >> science. governor clinton: good for you. thank you. hi. >> steve. i want to ask you some questions. >> i thought it was going to be the other way around. governor clinton: well, you can ask me some questions too. >> a couple of my kids tracking you down there. governor clinton: they did a errific job. here are you going to sit?
>> i don't know if you've made it special or what. governor clinton: you want me to sit face the coke machine. i just do what i'm told. [laughter] do you believe that? >> sit right here, i guess. governor clinton: thank you. well, weren't you proud of your students? >> very proud of them. they're a great group of kids. they really are. >> tell me about the -- are you the only counsel here? > no, there's two. >> united states standard on that? >> [indiscernible] >> what are they? >> for high school level. governor clinton: that's good.
>> that's not bad. governor clinton: do you have any elementary standards? >> yes. governor clinton: what is that? >> the elementary is -- indiscernible] bout the same. governor clinton: we rebuilt our elementary standards and adopted some pretty stiff standards and we wound up hiring 1,400 counselors state wide. and boy was it a good investment. >> you in missouri have been doing that. i'm taking another degree as a guidance counselor. governor clinton: we've got all these kids. we've come at a great school. with really troubled families and even when parents are doing
their best to do a goo good job, they are very poor and have no formal education. and one of the thing that's really good is if we could get more male counselors in the earlier grades. because it really enriches the kind of interactions these kids could have. >> how are your schools financed in arkansas? governor clinton: almost the reverse of new hampshire. there's a 50-state continuum. let's look at it like this. on one end is new hampshire and on the other end is hawaii. and new hampshire, over 90% of the public school costs are paid at the local level. and in hawaii, 100% of the public school cost is paid for the state level. hawaii only has one school district and the property tax is the state tax. about two thirds of the kids in hawaii go to public schools. there's a huge network of church schools in hawaii, mostly set up
by mormon missionaries from times past. so you've got new hampshire which is almost completely local. hawaii, which is completely state. all others are in between. my state is up here close to hawaii. wire about 62% state financed now. probably, maybe slightly more and about 8% federal and the rest local. and we're probably in the top, oh, before our last funding from the we were 13th top in state funding now we're probably ninth, eighth, something like that. most of the southern states are fairly high for two reasons. one is that there is a historic aversion of property taxes in the south. two is the south has a much higher percentage of kids living below the poverty line. and a lot of them tend to be
concentrated. so you don't have a high proportion of state funding. you don't even get close to state funding so much even though we have the majority of state funding and we're continuing to change our school funding formula and we just tried to equalize it last time, it's a never-ending struggle because of the movement of the student population and wide disparity but at least you get closer if you have a higher percentage come flg the state. >> do you have sales tax? governor clinton: we have a sales tax. we have an income tax. >> what this sales tax? governor clinton: the sales tax is 4.5 president state with local option. the income tax maxes out at 7%. but the property tax is 49th in the country. not only in dollars but it's a percentage of income. >> what percent of your budget goes to education? governor clinton: state. over 70%. >> ok.
[laughter] governor clinton: public schools alone in arkansas take about half the state budget. now that's the minimum -- what we call the public school fund which is what we send back the school either direct aid or transportation aid or vocational aid is a little under when you add the cost of the school for the baseline and the deaf, you're over half budget. and we spend the 20 vote curation. -- vocational probably another 22%. you know it's interesting because in the 1980's, we were still in spite of the fact we
had two school tax increases and wo road tax increases, we were according to the last study, one of the overall spending in state increases and the last numbers i saw, we still were in the bottom five states and the percentage of income going to state and local taxes. but we have just the reverse . at you have high local taxes and you have to look at them both together to see how state really stacks up. >> we have a state setting the standards and the local people expected to pay it. so therefore, the cities with the smaller property base pay a higher tax rate and don't get equalized school. governor clinton: and even if you pay a higher tax rate, you may not have enough money for
the kids. >> that's right. governor clinton: we have people paying higher taxes with less money for a child. >> that's right. >> [indiscernible] and our ekization with the oundation aid is 7%. >> we're down at the bottom for students. governor clinton: you think you could build public support for new hampshire? >> given the historic diversion with the state tax? >> i'm working on it. >> this question has been a lot -- [indiscernible] >> i think the fear is if you add another layer of taxation, it doesn't give you some immediate relief.
then you perhaps have just increased the taxes. governor clinton: good to see you. thanks. >> nobody told me you were playing basketball. governor clinton: where do y'all play? hat? what? are we playing a game? hat? oh. who's on what side? senior citizens against the kids? no, no, no. et them have it. who am i? 'll cover him.
overnor clinton: good. > i've got it. >> oh! >> these guys are going to state tournament. ♪ >> as part of his tour of franklin high school in new hampshire this past week, governor clinton met with students for a question and answer session. franklin high school is located north of concord in a community of about 8500 residents.
♪ >> ok. if i could have your attention. so with great pleasure today that franklin high school is able to host a democratic presidential candidate. like to thank our principal for arranging this visit in our class time. governor clinton was born in arkansas. he was educated at the georgetown school of foreign services. he was a very distinctive rhodes scholar at oxford university. he received his law degree from yale university. he is married and has one daughter. and we are very privileged to have the governor here today. before the governor speaks, however, i would like to introduce the president of franklin student council, our
friend, jaime hernandez. jaime? [applause] >> on behalf of the franklin high school student body, i'd like to welcome governor clinton here to our school today. i believe this is a great opportunity for the students of franklin to meet and hear the views of the presidential candidate. i'd like to thank governor clinton for taking the time to come speak to us today and i wish him the best of luck. governor clinton: thank you. thank you very much. [applause] governor clinton: thank you very much. elias to thank my friend for accompanying here and i want to say a word for jaime here since he's sort of semi-nervous standing up here. he's a better politician than i am, i think. but he reminded me that this is homecoming week and i reminded him that if he makes a few more touchdowns, he might get another term even after he leaves the high school. [laughter] governor clinton: so we need to
give him a hand. i thought he did a good job up here. this is not easy. [applause] governor clinton: thank you. let me tell you, first of all, i want to just talk for a few minutes and then allow as much time as we have for questions. so if you have any questions, you might be thinking of them. i spent -- when i'm home in arkansas, i spend a lot of time in schools like this. i come from a family like most of your families, your average middle class family. i came up through the public schools. if it weren't for the public schools, i wouldn't be standing here today as a candidate for president. i decided to run because i have worked for 1 years in my -- 11 years in my state to improve education opportunities for people like you. and i believe there are limits to how much my governor can do without national leadership, national vision and a national partnership to open up economic opportunity for you. i grew up in a very different time than you did and i want you to think about this.
when i was your age, we were the middle of the cold war, a war between the soviet union and the united states for the hearts and minds for the people of the world. the contest between democracy and communism which was symbolized by huge arsenals of nuclear weapons when i was a young boy, we used to watch movies about what it would be like if atomic bombs fell on us. and we used to have people saying you got to make sure you've got a bomb shelter near you so that if there's a nuclear war, you might remember this, you can run to a bomb shelter so you'll be under a lot of concrete and land if the bombs drop. you don't think about that much, do you? i hope you never have to think about it. now president gorbachev and president bush announced they're going to reduce more nuclear weapons. we're in a disarmament race now that is wonderful and you will probably grow up and raise your children in a world in which you never have to think about that.
on the other hand, the world i grew up in had one thing that everybody took for granted. america's economic supremacy. when i graduated from high school in 1964, we had virtually no unemployment in america. we had a very high rate of economic growth. everybody who wanted to work had a job. and every year, you could look forward to making a little more money on your job than you did the year before. we had only 6% of the world's people. we controlled about 40% of the world's wealth. well today, we've got about a little less than 5% of the world's people. we still have over 20% of the world's wealth. but it's dropping fast. the german economy growing more rapidly than ours so is the japanese economy. our most you weren't tasking and you can see it here in new hampshire with all of your economic problem is to restore the economic leadership of the united states so that you are
not the first generation of young americans to grow up into a world in which you don't do as well as your parents did. that's the number one job of the next president. but even if we create new economic opportunities, they can only be seized by young people who are educated to do it. and so the main thing i want to say to you today is to ask you to believe a few basic things. you are growing up into a world in which what you can earn depends on what you can learn. in which just graduating from high school will not be enough. we need 100% of the people to get a high school paloma and -- dipu -- patrolman and paloma. the average 18-year-old going to work today will change work seven or eight times in a lifetime. even if you never change employer. so that it's not only important
what you learned in high school, it's important that you take out of here the ability to continue to learn in your lifetime. in our job it is to create a structure of opportunity for you, to give you good tools and good teachers and to give you some way of keeping scores so you are learning what you need to know. and when you leave high school, we need a national apprenticeship system so those can get continuing training programs. all the countries we compete do that. i think our country owes you. every one of you, no heart what your family background the right to borrow money, to go to college. you in time will pay it back, either as a small percentage of your income over several years after you get out of college or with a couple of years of service to your country here at home in areas where we need your help. more teachers, more policemen, more nurses.
all the things that need to be done. what i want you to believe is that you owe something to yourself and your family and your future. one of the biggest problems today is that there are too many students and parent who is don't believe that all children can learn. there are too many students and parents who believe that how much you learn in school is basically determined by what i.q. you're born with and what income your family have. the future believes that what you learn in school depends on how hard you work. i don't mean that hard work has to be boring. there are lots of exciting things in education today that should make learning fun. but what i hope you believe is that you have a responsibility to yourselves and to your future to learn more and no matter how much opportunity we put out here. the efforts you make will determine as much as anything else what you learn. let me just close with this example. a few years ago, about in 1987,
i think, a representative group of korean and american high school seniors took a math test. and the koreans did much better than the americans. that should not surprise you because they go to school about 220 days a year. we go to school about 180 days. so by the time they're high school seniors, they've been to school two years longer. so they should win the math test. unless you believe we're inherently superior to them which is not true. but the really interesting thing was before the kids took the test, the koreans were asked are you good in math? and 26% said yes. the american kids were asked are you good at math? and 70% said yes but the koreans won the test. just because they work longer and harder. so my job is to create opportunities. your job is to seize it. your teacher and your principal, they're trying to create opportunities. but you have to believe that you can learn what you need to know to succeed and that it is
largely relate toad the efforts that you make, not the i.q. and the income you were born. think about that. i want you to know that i don't want to be part or the first generation of americans that leaves their children worse off than they were. i want this to be the most exciting period in american history and believe it or not, it should be. you should grow up into a world in which you have more opportunity, more choices, more exciting life than any group of americans before you but it will depend in large measure on your commitment to your own education. i hope you will make that commitment and in this campaign, i'll make a commitment to try to make it as good as it needs to be. thank you very much. [applause] governor clinton: now, questions ? you and then you and then we'll go along. go ahead. i'll repeat the questions in case you can't hear it. go ahead. student: what stuff do you intend to inform education --
governor clinton: what steps do i intend to take to reform education at the local level. that's a good question for you to ask me because i was one of the principal authors of the national education goals at the governor asks the presidents chiefed in late september of 1989. and let me run through those goals real quick. first goal. every child should be ready to start school by the year 2000 mentally and physically. that means that there needs be a partnership with the national government to guarantee the very best medical care for pregnant women and their children through age 5. we should have universal coverage for preventive and primary care. secondly, every child who needs it should have access to a preschool program with strong parental involvement. a lot of kids come to school the time they show up for kindergarten, they don't know their colors, they shape, their numbers. they don't even know how to properly pronounce or spell their names. and it's very difficult for the
teachers to take account of all those we should raise the high school graduation rate to the international standard -- 90%. third, we should define what every child is no in math, science, language, and social studies and defies national standards to measure that. we should rise to the leadership of the world in math and science education. if you take all of those together, the president, offerss has a right to incentives to every teacher and improve their ability to teach according to the latest teaching skills and methodology. we need a program to help with the best equipment.
i think we need national standards not federal government standards for what you should know on a national examination system that really measures it. you teachers can explain to better than i. not to punish you but give you a roadmap to say if you're getting what you are supposed to get. i think we need incentives which should come from the state and local level for young people to stay in school and for allterna tive learning environments. the federal responsibility is to establish a national apprenticeship network i talked about. let me just explain how that works. in other countries -- you are a junior in high school and don't want to go to college.
you know you are to have to go to work and you would like a good job. lezz to germany. -- let us take germany. you could do an apprentice program where you could still go to school but work for a few hours a week. your employer would promise to hire you when you got out of high school and would promise to continue your education for another two years minimum. job would be to put these partnerships together and pay part of the cost of your education and training even after you got out of high school. then your employer would have an interest in that you take hard courses and you do well in high school. you would have an interest in staying in because even if you did not want to go to college, that was the way to get a good job and continue your education. establishgoal is to safe discipline and drug-free schools. i think that exclusively has to be done at the local level but
there are national things that ought to be done. provide drug treatment on demand. we have too much delay for drug treatment on young people who are trying to get it. try to provide more police so we can have community-oriented solutions. kindsourage alternative of punishments for those who are first-time offenders. we don't need to send nonviolent offenders to prison where they can learn to be real criminals. they should be kept in communities and do community service work or military boot camp where they can continue education and get drug treatment. those are the things i think should be done. the last goal is beyond you now but it is to create lifetime learning. havewe need to do is to institutions like the community colleges i visited where young people -- and not so young people -- can go back over and over again. you will probably change what you do seven or eight times in a lifetime. next question.
student: what are your views on the situation in the middle east? >> the situation in the middle east? with regard to iraq and saddam hussein i think we have got to keep the pressure on him to honor the united nations resolution he signed off on. capacitylly remove his to wait biological, chemical, or nuclear war. president bush but those airplanes on alert a few days ago because we had reason to believe the international inspection team was not being given full cooperation. we know the guy is a liar, a thug, and a bully. you don't have to be a genius to know that. withnnot leave him biological, chemical, or nuclear capacity in violation of international law and i support with the president did. with regard to the situation in israel, i look forward to the peace process unfolding.
i hope we can have the peace conference. i hope the last procedural issues can be resolved and we can work out a situation in the middle east where we finally bring peace to the region by giving israel genuine security in resolving the differences we can between the israelis, the native palestinians and other arab states. i do not think we will get there not that the borders have proved to be insecure because of missiles. until we have a plan to demilitarized the middle east. the arms race is still going on unabated and is deeply troubling to me. other questions? [indiscernible] i think we need to help families in the following ways.
first, let us look at the condition of families today. the average middle-class family has a parent or parents spending more hours on the job, less time with their children, bringing home a smaller paycheck, to pay more for education, health care, and housing than they were 10 years ago. the first and most urgent job is to get income up. the only way to get income up is to increase the growth rate in america. that means we have to invest more money in this country and give our american people incentives to invest in this country and products and services that produce good jobs. we could talk about that for an hour. to help them deal with the costs that are eating them alive primarily health care and education. you have already heard what i think should be done to finance college education. we need a plan for universal,
health care and i bet you have heard the parents talk about health care. if they have got health insurance, you have heard them talk about premiums going up, co-pay and deductible going up with coverage going down. you have heard them talk about if your grandparent get set, you don't know how they will take care of them. these are serious problems in america. the next thing is that we need a tax system that is fair to middle income people especially those who are raising children. there are mechanisms in the tax code which would give tax relief to middle income people especially with children. families, middle-class ' income was up at their tax went on. -- down. we need more tax fairness.
he announced in little rock that he would be on the road to presidency. mr. lindsay has worked on a national campaign three other times. is a consultant to the campaign and frank greer is serving as a media advisor. back to the --k >> we look back on george w. bush after he announced candidacy in june of 1999. the texas governor went on to win the nomination and then defeated al gore in the general election. it was the highly contested in u.s. history it was that decided until five weeks after voters went to the polls on the u.s. supreme court stopped the florida recount. this ultimately awarded the state to governor bush.