tv Marion Cheek Jackson Center CSPAN February 2, 2020 7:51pm-8:01pm EST
announcer: this is american history tv on c-span3 where each weekend, we feature 48 hours of programs exploring our nation's past. >> c-span is in north carolina where we are learning about the history.e city's we take into the city's north side neighborhood to the jackson center to learn more about the civil rights movement of the 1960's. >> we are in chapel hill, north carolina at the marion cheek jackson center. the marion cheek jackson center is a place where we preserve the
history of the north side and 10 top communities. behind me are photographs of the civil rights movement that took place here in chapel hill in the 1960's. in the 1960's chapel hill was segregated. people could not go into stores, the schools were segregated. the movie theaters, all things were segregated. this was a time when, again, black people had to create their own community. in this particular community they built their home, they had a business district. they had one school. they had their churches that everyone attended. there was a very close-knit community. what got the ball rolling here in chapel hill during the civil rights movement was, after the greensboro sit in, there were a group of guys that got together and they decided they needed to do something here in chapel hill to make change happen.
that is where the chapel hill nine started. what made this group different from those that were going on in other places was that this was led by high school students. students got together, talked about it, and they begin planning for citizens and sit in's and marches. they were subjected to name-calling. they were subjected to rock throwing. they were subjected to chemicals being thrown on them, which would require hospitalization. we will take a look at the photo collection. these photos were taken by a photographer named jim wallace. he was able to take photographs during that movement, and get into places where other people probably would not have been able to. then he gave the photographs to the jackson center. this is one of my favorites because it has a wonderful love story. this was taken on franklin street. they were sitting across an intersection.
as you can see the different signs they are holding up. the gentleman on your far left is bruce and the lady on the far right is ruby. we are talking about segregation and blacks and whites did not interact. but bruce, he was very much attracted to ruby. he told ruby that he wanted to date her. of course ruby thought he was out of his mind. but he pursued her and they began dating. of course the parents were not in favor of this interracial couple. they thought trouble was going to follow. but they continued to date one another. the parents realized there was nothing they could do. so bruce and ruby wound up getting married. it is just a wonderful love story that survived and came out of a movement and sustained past the movement.
this photograph is another special photograph because this just shows you how young some of the people were who were actually marching and a part of the movement. this young girl and boy standing right here in the front, they are actually the younger sister and brother of ruby, who was in the first photograph sitting across the intersection on franklin street. so when ruby would go out to be in the marches and things, her mother would tell them not to go out. their mother's name was mama cat. mama cat was amazing. she would tell them not to go out. she said as soon she would leave to go to work, ruby would go. not only would ruby go, but she would take her younger brother and sister. this is another story of how the youth were very much a part of
the civil rights movement. this photo we are looking at now took place on franklin street. it was a group of students doing a sit in. i remember when i was doing a workshop, and this particular photograph was on a powerpoint presentation and we were talking to a group of fourth graders. they did not know what a sit in was and what was happening. but as we were showing this, one of the students stands up and says that's my grandmother. we are all like, where? where? he points to the young lady sitting right next to the police officer. we were all amazed. he was so proud that day. the teacher was proud, we were all proud. i always thought about his grandmother and what she was doing there at that moment. i always say, i bet she was never thinking about her grandson would be able to benefit from what she was doing then.
and that her grandson would actually see a photograph of his grandmother making change happen here in chapel hill. for me, i think just to continue to remember. continue to tell the stories and not just push history under a rug, or avoid talking about it. i believe we have to continue to talk about our past. without the past you have no future. we have to remember our past. if we don't want to repeat it. you know? we have to think about the things that have happened. if we don't want those things to happen again, we have to continue to talk about it. what can we do differently? how can we be better? announcer: our cities tour staff recently traveled to chapel hill, north carolina. to learn about its rich history. to watch more video of chapel hill and other stops on our
tour, visit c-span.org/cities tour. you're watching american history tv, all weekend, every weekend, on c-span3. announcer: our c-span campaign 2020 bus is traveling across i'll add of the caucuses next week asking voters, what issues should presidential candidates address? >> one thing i want presidential candidates to talk about is how we can make our democracy work again, whether that is electoral reform or making sure we had gerrymandering and stop all sorts of attacks on our democracy. i want to make sure the presidential candidates are committed to making sure our government works for the people and nothing other way around. >> i would say foreign policy. i was really excited in the last debate when it had more speaking time for the candidates to talk about their foreign policy objectives and how they would do things differently than the trump administration. especially after the assassination of general soleimani. i think it is important for a
-- that we have a president in the oval office's of escalations in the middle east and who also listens to intelligence community officials who advise his decision. >> i would like to see the prison industrial complex and military-industrial complex completely expunged, if you well. we need to expunge criminal records in the united states for things like possession of marijuana, because it really should not be illegal in the first place. >> i think one of the most important issues for any candidate to be addressing this year is climate change, and the second most important issue should be immigration. climate change is a serious issue that we all need to face. if someone doesn't do it in the government, we are helpless. and the only thing that can happen is a situation that we