tv Reel America Victory Garden - 1942 CSPAN April 11, 2020 11:35pm-12:01am EDT
our programs are archived on our c-span.org/history. you can watch lectures in college classrooms, tours of historic sites, and see our programs.f upcoming that's c-span.org/history. >> next, on reel america, from 1942, victory garden. this u.s. department of agriculture film provides instructions to help citizens grow their own fruits and vegetables during world war ii. ♪[music] in the rolling hill country of northern rallying the holders to the call for more food, join the growing army of victory gardeners. this is dad holder.
he helps with the heavy work. mother, well, she helps with most everything. grandpa holder, he says the only get a mess of peas or a crown of glory is to work for it. is in the army. but dick, 14, takes his place. and this is jane, just 16. grandpa and dad always kept gashed plans in their -- garden but victoryir heads garden plans should be on paper. so they will study state and which haveletins, been written to serve as guides in victory gardens.
now let's see on this little quarter acrer garden the plan they work out. here's the early garden. here, potatoes. then two double rows of peas early, medium and late. one row of cabbage. of carrots and beets. half a row each. one double row of greens, chard., mustard and tomatoes. peppers, half a roll. unionss, lettuces and on next to the house -- onions next to the house. rhubarb. and beans. four rows of sweet corn along the fence. and finally, two rows of lima the early garden.
the late garden. after each of the early crops is harvested, a planting of another is to be made so as to have a succession. for convenience of illustration, all early crops except tomatoes and chard are removed from the model. crops.e the later four rows of u.s. number five beans. of squash along the fence. three rows of late potatoes. cabbage. carrots and beets, half double row each. of turnips. a row of spinach. kale and cal lords, half -- cal lards. here they have a garden plan that will serve the family plan this year. in succeeding years, they will want to rotate crops within the plot. now for the real garden.
when the maples are in bloom, it's time to begin planting. when the moisture is just right, the soil won't ball or be sticky. it holds its shape when pressed but crumbles easily when broken. then it's ripe for working and planting. the garden is sunny, has good and is wellinage fenced. it was manured and plowed last fall. now after lining and harrowing, it is ready to plant. grandpa knows how to cut potatoes. he makes good-sized chunky about the size of a hen's egg, each with at least one eye. certified seed gives best results. look for the blue tag. potato rolls are three feet apart. four inches deep. a complete commercial fertilizer
5-10-5 is spread and mixed with the soil before planting. the seed is dropped one piece to everyonely spaced about one -- evenly spaced about one apart. covering may be done with plow or hoe. furrows for peas, a line or stakes are used to space rows, three feet apart. treatment of peas and other vegetables with dust disinfectant helps to prevent blights.and a level teaspoon full of powder, to four pounds of speed, well mixed until each seed is coated.
young cabbage and tomato plants along well. hardy, cabbages are planted early. the roots deep and presses the soil firmly around them. a the ground is dry, he pours little water into each hole before covering. of tar paper, two inches swear, with a slit through the in the center, will keep maggots away. the holders have best results onion sets grown the previous year, though they could seeds.dlings or the corner or handle of the hoe furrows forake small seeds like lettuce, about a half inch deep. shakes the seed out evenly but not too thickly. carrot seeds are also planted about a half inch deep. seeds, larger, are planted
one inch deep, one inch apart. spinach seeds are planted like carrots. the young plants are thinned inches apart. the holders have selected vegetables that are grown easily, good yielders, rich in vitamins and can be canned or for winter use. are in bloom. time to plant sweet corn. one,is the golden resistant to disease. are enough.s almost summer now and the garden is coming along. will furnish nutritious
vitamin-packed vegetables for the family table. that is, if they ever reach the table. the paper still keeps the gaj.ts away from the cab tomatoes are a must in every victory garden and lots of them. plant are set out when danger of frost is over. they are protected from cut collars, fastened at the top with a paper clip for a pin. by pulling the soil around them. a few peppers are desirable. the holders started these hot plants seven weeks ago
in the kitchen window. lima beans reason planted two to the hill -- are planted two to hill, an inch and a half deep. complete the early garden planting. some vegetables need thinning. thatuses a garden hoe for part. but finishing is done by hand. the chard is being thinned to to eight inches apart. get weeds out of a row of carrots is by hand. right now, when they are small. pig weed is a common fast-growing weed. another is lam's quarter.
they will quickly crowd out vegetables if not pulled. thinning carrots is a pain in the back, but these young folks have keen eyes and nimble fingers. grow fast. and as grandpa says, there's no tool that gets them all but the hoe makes the job easier between the rows. careful! not too close or too deep. outer root.t the a horse cultivator may do the faster. this implement has attachments will plant seeds of almost any size in rows or in hills. the pests begin to work.
beetles, bugs, hoppers. was justgardening pleasant exercise? here's the first pest. common cabbage worm, eating holes in the new cab bang leaves. a good gardener, dick is on the job to protect the crop from diseases.pests and the cabbage worm's mama, a small butterfly, lays its eggs in the seeds. poisonng of stomach should finish mr. cabbage worm. they have been made scarce by war, so dust is used. dick does a good job of it. this cabbage is sick with the yellows, or wilt. once the fungus that causes wilt takesnto the soil, it years to get rid of it.
will use, dick wilt-resistant varieties. easy way to control insects and diseases is to attack them too numerous.come flea beetles eat holes in potato leaves. remedy.arsenic is the to make two and a half gallons, dick dissolves three ounces in water. paste ofakes a thin three ounces of lime and water. this is put into the pail, mixture isd the made. twohis may be added tablespoons full of calcium
arsenate to kill the bugs. easy, isn't it? also a good spray for grapes, tomatoes, and roses. sprays potatoes about once every two weeks. late potatoes need more than early ones. now the peas are ready. vitamin c!ource of cabbage too is ready to eat. source ofcellent vitamin c, especially raw. it should be grown in every victory garden. a solid four-pound head, good for congratulate or more -- krowt or for storing. is available in the garden over a long period. carrots are rich in vitamin a,
needed for night vision and building up resistance to disease. luscious raspberries are ripening, a delicious fruit that should be in every garden. uh-oh. those pesky bugs again. this time, it's the mexican bean beetle. the young beetles may strip a plant completely in a week or two. a complete generation occurs in 35 days. cryaliet dust is the remedy. causes of common failure of lima and green and
wax snap beans is bacterial blight. the leaves are blighted. pods and seeds are spotted. carried with the seed. western grown seed from reliable firms is recommended. tomatoes are troubled by wilt, caused by a fungus that lives in soil and attacks through the roots. getting into the sap-carrying off the waterting supply. the plants die. woody tissue is the sign of wilt. varieties should be grown on wilt-infested land. fungus does not damage seriously resistant varieties like rutgers, and pan-america. a similar disease effects eggplant. darkened tissue in the
stem. the remedy is rotation of crops. clean, white appearance of this stem indicates a healthy plant. here's the pesky old worm. hatched.laid and a mixture of white mineral oil, the right time, helps to control them. smut, another corn enemy, attacks all parts of the plant. not lower yields much but on or below the ear, it is damaging. leaf blights also affect corn. do not control these varietiesut resistant of corn are being developed. several leaf of diseases that interfere with successful production of related crops.
anthraxose. it spots and blights watermelons. decreasing yields and reducing quality of fruit. thesest is used for diseases. the garden pest is easier to stop. just keep the gate closed and the fence tight! no holes. are -- zinnias are in bloom. are beginning to roll out. the last of the early irish cobblers. certified seed help to make a good yield. too, free from scab and uniform in shape. the nutritional value of beets
is in the tops. so it's wise to use them young when the tops are edible. perhaps the number one garden crop, they keep ripening over a and are an important source of vitamin c, often deficient in our diets. properly cooked or canned, there is not much loss of this vitamin. easily canned. quartshel will fill 12 jars. quarters per person should be put up. corn tops against the sky. yellow varieties of corn contain vitamin a. both white and yellow contain amounts of mierms and -- aserals an vitamins as well starches and sugar. green peppers, rich in vitamin c
and a. pole beans, green, dried or canned. and swiss chard. chard can be used throughout the summer. garden has plenty of such green, leafy vegetables, turnip greens, mustard greens, spinach, all for winter use. that just about covers the holder victory garden. suchone of thousands of farm gardens. just a sample that you can match inmost any community america. policy,health insurance a savings bank. each a vitamin mine from which stuff more precious than silver or gold.
>> this is american history tv. c-span3. where each weekend, we feature 48 hours of programs exploring past.tion's america,, on reel f.d.r. and world war ii. produced by the franklin d. roosevelt presidential library and museum on f.d.r.'s involvement with key wartime issues. here's a preview. ♪[music] war. are now in this we're all in it, all the way.
andy single man, woman child is a partner in the most undertaking of our american history. we must share together the bad news and the good news, the victories, the changing fortunes of war. >> to fight the global war, the united states needed to mobilize its entire population along what known as the home front. the government turned to ordinary citizens and leaders of large cooperations to held -- corporations to help lead the effort.tion american wartime production produced more than 299,000 630,000 jeeps, 88,000 1,500 naval vessels, 6 40 a half million rifles and billion bullets. by 1945, the united states was alliedng 60% of all
munitions and 40% of the world's weapons. to american public was asked conserve scarce goods for ranging use, products from gasoline to sugar were less,ed, civilians drove ate meat less, and often drank less coffee. organized drives to whilee rubber and silver, their parents planted victory gardens and purchased billions of dollars worth of war bonds. millions of americans began paying federal tax force the first time. and to control inflation, the government put limits on wages, prices and rents. president and mrs. roosevelt were at the forefront of this effort, mobilization setting priorities and focusing attention on the goals of total victory. they purchased war bonds, had blackout shades hung on their windows and committed the white house to wartime rationing. the couple's four sons all served in america's military. during the war, mrs. roosevelt
continued the ceaseless activism marked her as america's most public first lady. in her supporten for racial and gender equality. admissiononed women's into the armed services and the right of workers to organize. she visited england to offer favorite to america's allies and returned with detailed reports for f.d.r. a year later, she conducted a tour of the south pacific as a representative of the american red cross. traveled indy military transports, putting herself at risk to visit hospitals, military camps, and red cross clubs. during her trip, she saw an estimated 400,000 american servicemen and women. created for war workers economic opportunities for women theminorities, and advanced cause of these two major social movements. after being threatened by black march onith the
washington, f.d.r. moved to confront racial discrimination executive order 88-02, which barred racial plants.nation in war watch the full program to sunday at 4:00 p.m. eastern on american history tv. next on lectures in history, grove city college president paul mcnulty talks about the development of the u.s. constitution and what he believes are its main results, -- its main principles, republicanism, separation of powers and federalism. he served in the george bush administration from 2006 to 2007. mr. mcnulty: good evening. welcome to class number two. great to see you all here tonight. last week we looked at the history, a brief look at history that led to draftihe