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tv   Reel America Combat Bulletin No. 65 - July 1945  CSPAN  August 9, 2020 8:05am-8:23am EDT

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covering history c-span style with event coverage, archival films, college classrooms and visits to museums and historic places, all weekend, every weekend on c-span3. ♪ >> following his arrival for the -- conference, president truman is accompanied
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by secretary of state byrnes. he runs down the autobahn to berlin, where men and vehicles are lined up for the presidential inspection. on july 18, the president and mr. burns our guests of premier are guests of-- premier stalin and the commissar at headquarters. premier stalin has a request below the balcony and the group proceeds to the garden of the villa. the formal sessions of the conference get underway with president truman presiding over the meetings. premier stalin exchanges handshakes with prime minister churchill and british foreign secretary anthony eden. both churchill and eden are to be replaced as britain's chief spokesman at the conference. -- now shaking hands with the russian premier becomes england's prime minister by virtue of his labour party's victory in july 26 elections. after daily sessions for eight days, the conference recessed until the election results
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became known. between sessions, president truman talked with general dwight d. eisenhower and omar and bradley. is also present at the white house. a meeting of the british and american chiefs of staff. on july 26, a joint declaration from president truman and retiring prime minister churchill issued with the concurrence of the chinese generalissimo, calls on the japanese to surrender unconditionally. the prodigious land, sea and air forces of the united states, british empire, and china many times reinforced by armies and fleets of the west are poised to strike the final blows upon japan.
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♪ additional films on the invasion of borneo by troops of the australian seventh division. at one island, staging for the invasion, a supply of material is loaded as troops embarked on lci's. the operation is under joint command of australian and american officers. due to the shallow beaches, the australians are forced to wait -- weighed through -- wade through water above the waist to board the lci's. over 300 ships of the fleet and netherlands navy participate in the invasion. rocket ships help reduce shore
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installations and offenses, taking part in the intense aerial bombardment which preceded the invasion. clouds of black smoke from burning oil tanks and refineries hang over the beach as jap guns fire at our fleet units offshore. amtrak's and landing craft bring the australians ashore. seventh division troops land and force july 1 hitting the european suburb. after quickly establishing a
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beachhead, australian infantry push in past the ruins of oil installations. enemy small arms and mortar fire is encountered by the australians, who capture the strategic ridge overlooking the city. the infantry flamethrowers destroy japs taking refuge intel -- in pillboxes. the few natives remaining are rounded up by the australians. many are starved and malaria ridden. knocked out enemy coastal guns, prior to the invasion landings, 17 of 28 known 90 millimeter gun positions were destroyed by planes of the 13th air force. captured japanese antiaircraft direction and fire control equipment similar to that
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employed by the allies. ♪ salvaging wrecked trucks had a maintenance battalion area on okinawa. are sents and motors to the shops for complete reconditioning. the motors are placed on a conveyor where the subassembly is removed. they are checked to determine the extent of the repair necessary. a steam jenny is used to give them a thorough cleaning. various parts are then removed and carried to individual engine stands where the mechanics work
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on them. the valve assemblies are removed and the blocks placed on stands where cylinders are machine honed. worn parts are replaced and where possible, all parts are reconditioned and used again. the reconditioned motors are given a test shakedown before being put to work again. also on okinawa, m4 tanks are equipped with a modified personnel mine. -- replaces the detonator type igniter used on the original m2- -- m2. tose have been devised prevent suicidal attacks by enemy personnel. rackets to hold the mines are welded on the tank turret. the wiring system inside the
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tank furnishes the electrical connection between the brackets and central switch which controls firing of the mines. each bracket has an electrical contact point against which the mine is fitted when placed in the bracket. inside the steel flames tube of the m2 is a 16mm mortar protect file weighing three pounds and filled with flaked ent. ignition of the base charge propels the projectile approximately six feet before detonation occurs. there are casualties within six -- 10 yards of the blast. lieutenant general hodges and colonel daniels and 10th army officers are present at the field tests of the modified m2-a1's. >> the disassembly of the navy 12 millimeter rocket. projectiles of this type are approximately 28.5 inches long and weighing 51 pounds, located on okinawa june 14 by the 115th infantry regiment. components are being removed
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from the steel motor body of the rocket. this is the base plate and grid. the offset orifices give the spin stabilizing feature. removing the propellant, the rocket fuel consists of one short and seven long sticks of dark brown powder. each stick has a single longitudinal perforation. unscrewing the motor body from the warhead. the rockets aerial burst fuse is, in effect, a powder delayed train allowing the projectile to travel 2000 and 3000 yards before detonation of the main charge, which is housed in this warhead motor adapter. the warhead body is a one-piece
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steel cylinder with welded nose and contains a metal canister filled with 62 metal encased in incendiary pellets. a small burster tube testing one of the sticks of repellent by igniting the smokeless powder. demonstrating the assembly of the incendiary canister. a label contained in the rocket motor of a captured projectile refers to the incendiary powder as special compounds. the pellets are easily ignited. rockets are testfired by the 95th ordinance disposal squad using a specially constructed launcher.
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since no primers were recovered with the rockets, electric blasting caps are affixed to set off the projectiles. believe thees -- jabs intended the rockets for japsn suicide votes -- the -- thed to use the rock rockets for use on suicide boats. [explosion] ♪ >> an okinawa native guides and -- an american patrol on a rare mission. his son is a gi assigned as an
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interpreter as one of the 10th army divisions. in 1912, the father left okinawa and resided for a time in los angeles, where frank was born. they returned to okinawa would frank was still a boy. -- where frank was still a boy. but he left for the states and lived in california until inducted in the army. while frank was landing on oka -- okinawa as a u.s. soldier, his family was fleeing in terror. by chance, the son heard news of his father who now leads him into the hills for family reunion. the meeting takes place somewhere between nago and nagasaki where many natives found shelter from battle. frank poses with his family. his mother died in the states, but several relatives, including an 80-year-old grandmother on hand to greet the american shoulder. frank meets his younger brother wounded when our troops landed. he explains he was undergoing compulsive japanese military training. a seven-year-old nephew happily shares the limelight with his
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american uncle. with frank in the patrol, they leave their isolated retreat. the military government is providing new quarters for the family. frank is reportedly submitting a request for a dependency allotment. whether this will be granted is subject to decision from official sources. m 26 prime movers transport the tube and base for the "little david." a 12 foot pit is dug with timber flooring for the base assembly and to distribute the firing load. a 12 degrees slope serves as the entrance ramp. the 46.5 half ton base is packed into the pit. hydraulic jacks lifted so that it can be removed by a train and the prime mover driven out again.
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backfilling by bulldozer or other earthmoving machinery is the next step. to minimize the rearward motion when firing, it is recommended the backfill be tamped solidly. a timber runway is constructed enabling the tube to be driven directly onto the base. the supports align with the jacks by use of a burled and cross speed screw. -- built in cross speed screw. a hydraulic pump and valve system in the base raises the jack that permits the carrier to be driven away. the jacks are lowered and the tube drops until the elevating rack is engaged with the elevating pinon. the site is attached in the remote control connection made. a hydraulic pump driven by an electric motor on the elevating segment is used the pump the gas to pump the -- to pump the tube into battery position.
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the base unit of the propelling charge is inserted, using a powder charge her with a pair of -- charger equipped with a pair of telescoping tubes. the largest caliber motor ever built, little david was conceived and designed as a special assault weapon for land -- for use by land forces where heavy destructive power is required against unusually resistant targets. loading the projectile, which weighs 3650 pounds. elevation of the mortar after the shell has been aligned and entered into the deep end of the rotating band allows it to slide into a seat at the rear of the tube. the piece is traversed by power to the correct position. the bright surface indicates the tube's recoil, 27.5 inches. this surface changes from the lower to the upper edge of the trunnion ring as the piece is pumped into battery position shown by a light in the remote control box.
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piece and battery with one hand, the gunner pushes the firing button. [explosions] all firing in this demonstration is with instantaneous fusion. 1250 feet per second. maximum range, 9500 yards. craters average 38 feet in diameter and 13 feet deep, with an appreciably greater depth of distributed soil. ♪ >> "american history tv if you like "american history tv," keep
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up with us during the week on facebook, twitter and youtube. learn about what happened this day in history and see review clips of upcoming programs. follow us at c-span history. tour travels the country exploring the american story since 2011, we have been to more than 200 communities across the nation. like many americans, our staff is staying close to home due to the coronavirus. next, a look at one of our cities tour visits. ♪


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