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tv   Reel America The Hudson - 1968  CSPAN  December 26, 2020 11:26pm-11:53pm EST

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their own feet. [applause] ♪ tripe been on a very short but i have been to quite a number of countries, and one impression is outstandingly clear, the interdependence of these nations. i personally believe we must but wee our aid for them must coax working together. it the key word is integration, and the goal is peace. ♪ hudson's 81968 film by the naval white house photographic unit featuring lady bird johnson on a journey by boat. dedication of a museum at the statue of liberty and then she visits new york sites andsit cultural visits with historic preservationists. ♪
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>> the hudson is a corridor of history holding some of his country's oldest memories. it has its beginnings high in the adirondacks. the names given to the waters that combine to form the hudson harken back to the first people who lived by this great river of the mountains. the legs -- lakes and falls, the many streams. the early dutch farmers who first settled the valley came from flat country that held no secrets but the brooding catskills, their jagged which is obscured in mists sent their imaginations and quiver. legend, folklore, and writing tales abound even to this day.
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widening, thoughts and run southward through a great channel. here it becomes an ocean inlet. rivergonquins called it a that flows two ways. ♪ well the story of the hudson begins geographically in the adirondacks it begins in terms of people at the entrance to the great harbor of new york city, the very first impression most visitors have not only of the herself.ut of america ♪
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in the spring of 1968 mrs. lyndon johnson turned back the pages of history with a trip to the hudson. it began with a dedication of the american museum of immigration has appropriately and the petal of the statue of liberty. she opened the doors using two pairs of scissors brought to america a half-century earlier by tailors from the old world. ♪ >> the museum of immigration we dedicate symbolizes the new start that millions of people receive in this country.
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the exhibit here should remind us of what we as a people have been. they remind us that america is the willing recipient and beneficiary of the greatest mass migration in the history of mankind. nothing like it had ever taken place before, and probably nothing like it ever will again. nearly 45 million human beings have come to the shores since the 1820's. every race, color, creed. they brought their suitcases, pictures of home, ended their dreams -- and their dreams. from all quarters, their love, their blood, and their families united in this great nation, proving to the world that in union there is
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strength. to their descendents i have no greater accolade to bestow than to say the president and i embrace you and the common joy and pride of being fellow americans. ♪ [honking] >> mrs. johnson excursion begin on the water and though her point of departure was the nation's wealthiest biggest and most glamorous ready she would
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chart a course for nearly three centuries of river history. ♪ moving along the length of manhattan island a traveler could easily see the efforts that new americans from europe had brought. here was a melting pot, a mixture and blending of the building trades, carpenters from germany, storm covers from italy, ironworkers from sweden and belgium, bricklayers from ireland. ♪ they labored over a century to build a city the likes of which
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the world has never known, and their descendents built -- build and rebuild it to this day. ♪ at midtown manhattan mrs. johnson received a bon voyage from two distinguished visitors. and the new york city mayor. ♪ lawrence rockefeller gave some background on a proposed park along the hudson side street to
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harlem river. the first four acres would cost nearly $1 million. nearly $1 million. national park service director presented a plan for half the amount. matching the federal check with state funds and private donations new york would start immediately to bring the plan to a reality. the hudson's bay deep waters and long, inevitable stretches were instrumental in opening up the continent. early fur traders told of great lands to the north and west. settlers and a mass migration moved up the hudson, following the sun along the western reaches of the mohawk valley to ohio and beyond. ♪ in exploring dotson she would
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have found more knowledgeable guide than lawrence rockefeller, for the rockefeller family has long been an active source and of theing the sources entire hudson corridor. ♪ president of the national trust for historic preservation pointed out one of the unique features of the hudson shoreline, the many european-style mentors built throughout the 1800s. , this is a public memorable -- is one example. ms. johnson would spend a memorable evening -- with particular emphasis upon the history lying behind these ornate homes. ♪
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they offer a distinct departure from the soapboxes and federal styles of architecture so long associated with the young nation 's growth. ♪ manhattanmerchants of , the city built by immigrant labor, found themselves laden with sudden wealth. ♪ they moved northward from new york city and planted along the banks of the hudson and endless blood of italian villas, greek temples, and ironclad castles collectively known as hudson river gothic. ♪ many of these buildings still remain, but they are hidden and
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forgotten in the hillsides along the river, uncared for, waiting ax or thecords ask -- preservationist who will restore them to their former splendor making them available for the public's use. ♪ even though the hudson river is over 300 miles long, some of the richest experiences can be found awaiting only 30 miles north of manhattan, an hours drive up the an our's drive-- up the scenic parkway -- hour's drive up the scenic parkway. ♪ mrs. johnson --
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made famous by the writings of washington irving in the early 1800s. ♪ at washington irving's home by an enthusiastic gathering of local conservationists, historians, and active citizens dedicated to preservation. early satirical sketches of new yorkers firmly establish an is the first internationally recognized man of american letters. he purchased sunnyside as a retreat from his literary and social work. the charming home soon became a focal point for all the important writers, painters, and philosophers of this time.
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although washington irving authored many volumes not receive such praise as is critical sketchbook of geoffrey crayon. an 1864 edition was presented to ms. johnson. her bookshelf was enlarged even further, this time by a noted river historian with an autographed edition of his definitive book on the hudson and a young actor offered a spirited reading of her favorite story from the sketchbook, rip van winkle. the inspiration for his famous tail and many others were the roamingent as a child the quiet forest in the sleepy hollow area. himselfwaking he found on the low of the glen.
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he rubbed his eyes. it was a black sunny morning. birds were hopping among the bushes and the eagle was squealing aloft abreast the mountain breeze. ♪ he found the belly in which he descendedmpanion add the preceding evening but a mountain stream was now flowing down leaving from rock to rock and filling the glen the beveling murmurs. ♪ he however made shift to scribble up his side working is false in ways [indiscernible] and sometimes tripped up or grape vines wild that twisted their or tendrils from tree to tree and spread a kind of network and his path. wheregth he reached to
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there would be an opening through the clues to the amphitheater but no traces of such opening were made. the rocks presented a high, impenetrable wall over which the torrent came tumbling in a sheet of feathery foam and fell into a black and thesin, shadows of the surrounding forests. ♪ >> income trust washington irving drew upon the superstitious dutch settlers. he was inspired by the local legends and landscapes.
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in particular the old dutch church of sleepy hollow. ♪ [eerie music playing]
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here only a short distance from his beloved sunnyside in the heart of the cemetery he had made so famous he found his final haven. ♪ many who have devoted a lifetime to studying the hudson say that these were her finest years. the river aristocrats treated a well ordered life centered around their quiet estates. the accent was appointed writing, music, and painting. -- was upon writing, music, and painting. ♪
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an endless flow of canvases spring from the campus is of hudson painters. they let their brushes respond almost emotionally to the rugged splendor of the valley. in their own time they became internationally recognized as the hudson river school. ♪ [orchestra music playing] on a flower lined brick path called the long walk mrs. johnson look further back into
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the river's history. matter, a fully restored estate getting back to the 1600s stands as a living example of life under the dutch, the first of the privilege landowners to form the valley. not only are the grounds authentically preserved, but the daily routine of life as well. ♪
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[whimsical music plays] ♪ ♪
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>> this is from the -- and it is one of the best sources. we have been able to achieve certain degrees with a matter of route. this used to be called turkey red. you will have to plan on what to use in the loom. you have to decide first on the size. the wool.ake ♪ -- the manoranor's
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takes -- carding, all the household tasks in the 1600s and 1700s when the as well as most other necessities was handcrafted on the local estate. mrs. johnson was given the opportunity to literally take some of the fabric of history with her, a shell kind woman with wool from a local limit was localted as a gift -- lamb was presented as a gift. they share a serious pride in their history and who are determined not to let the arts and crafts of their forbearers fade away and to be forgotten. ♪ johnson's most .emorable stops was this
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its unique sound and light program dramatically portrays the changing life in the river and its effects on the house and its owners. it's most elegant era was captured by the first lady of the american theater, alan hays -- helen hayes. i think -- >> i think that date was the climax. [indiscernible] was the most popular of all. ♪ >> but civil war but -- brought tragedy here and it happened to many river families. fortunes took a turn for the worst as estates fell into disrepair. ♪ here by mr. was met
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and misses wallace, noticed patrons of hudson restoration. they described other once agnificent home was sold to house record for $35. aided by a grant from citizens who sought to preserve their heritage, it was saved from oblivion. today it stands as the best example of the robert adam influence on american architecture. it's mantles, doorways, and decorative woodwork reflect the refinement and elegance of the federal. like many of the other fine homes along dodson is today available to the public. a moment out of the past painstakingly preserved for the enjoyment of future generations. ♪
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mrs. johnson's trip up the historic hudson had ended but it had helped open new routes to making history accessible to the taurus -- tourists. she helped people rediscover this record of the mountains and its architecture preserved in prose, on campus, and in customs illustrating one of the most powerful, adventurous, and romantic chapters in american history. ♪
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♪ films can watch archival on public affairs in their entirety on our weekly series here on american history tv. ♪ >> the nominating conventions go into political history. first the democrats named that -- the kennedy-johnson ticket. , the republicans been there 1960 hopes on nixon and lodge.

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