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tv   Reel America My Trip Abroad by Eleanor Roosevelt - 1950  CSPAN  January 6, 2021 5:52pm-6:05pm EST

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churchill, and u.s. president, franklin roosevelt. this summit took place at a resort in the ukraine. the documentary is followed by a symposium in new orleans looking up the lead up to yalta and it's lasting legacy. watch tonight beginning at 8 pm eastern, and enjoy american history tv every weekend on c-span 3. my trip abroad by a little roosevelt is a short newsreel film narrated by the popular newspaper columnist and former first lady, she reports on her trip in 1950 to sweden,, norway finland, denmark, france, and england to observe post-world war ii rebuilding efforts.
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♪ ♪ an interest deeply shared by his well traveled wife, eleanor. mrs. roosevelt is not only a noted traveler, but also a successful journalist, who likes to see things for herself, and whose column my day has been read by 6 million readers, and over 100 american newspapers. they have been following with great interest and important trip she made through europe. >> landed at the airport in norway at 9:45 am. there was a large crowd on hand including the prince and
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princess. not statue. not only to one member to the people of the united states. and the ideals for which they stand. hope and justice. and which they hope to achieve through cooperation with free nations of europe. i wanted to see for myself even though much of my time was taken up by public functions. it was so i thought i could get an idea of what was being accomplished. norway is making great progress and housing. the government is doing the greater part of the building, but some private building is also going up. norway has devoted its martial
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funds -- there's solid advance on the economic front. it's coming back fast. the fishing industry, which the world war destroyed, it's coming back again. i was delighted to see how well the fixes of the marshall plan -- to the winners of a high school essay contest describing the result of martial plan. she was naturally proud of her vigor, but i think she was discussing with my granddaughter what her trip to paris would be alike, as that was part of the prize. our next stop was stockholm,
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sweden, where i was particularly struck by the fact that scandinavian cities seem to have no ugly approaches. clean. well lighted and airy right outside of stock home is one of the most beautiful factors that i have ever seen. it's a good example of how -- without some 2000 dollars worth of martial plans, these workers wouldn't have their jobs. i was very much interested to learn the representatives at the union, and the employers meet regularly to try to at the spate labor situations before they arise. next finland, where they are trying to do without our martial plan help. i was impressed by the feeling that i got there that the people had made up their minds to live under the shadow of fear. but still, with calm nerves and
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great courage. and they were rebuilding to. even if much of their production must go to the soviets as reparations. when we reached copenhagen, denmark, i wanted to compare my impressions with the official plans and progress reports. our people had all of the answers to my questions. they gave me a wonderful briefing. i recall in particular the marshall plants labour officers say that we are led by technology. for instance, european socialist leaders stand not for socialism, but for what we would call liberal principles. i saw a very good data industry led by 18 martial plan factories, so the parents can keep on working. these children made me feel that we have a stake in working for peace such as we never have before. because another were would be
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in everyone's countries and in everyone's home. we have an incentive for peace. and nowhere can we see it more than in peaceful amsterdam. much of which i saw from the picturesque canals. recovery has been rapid in holland thanks to the marshall plan. when we came to the harbor, i was astonished to see the number of shipyards at work. shipping activity is 90% of prewar. ♪ ♪ a great deal of reconstruction and building has been done to improve the housing shortage. i was encouraged to learn that in many places, the old primitive homes have been replaced by modern houses. naturally, the trip wasn't all economic. sometimes we were just plain tourists. i wanted to take my
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grandchildren to go and see the house where their ancestors came and settled in america. another wealthy region, some 30 or 40 of these kind people came to me. i have always loved paris, it's a city which i believe makes everyone think on the european scale. [inaudible] it's strange to be doing something so peaceful, when france was in a government crisis caused by the fact that salaries have not kept pace with cost of living, which is 20 times higher than it was before the war, this creates real hardship. but when i want to talk to the president of france, france president, told me he isn't concentrated on helping people
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in their immediate needs. but on a long-range, modernization of industries. it will pay off in some three years time when her industrial plant will be the best in europe. for instance, france has invested heavily in hydroelectric plants. france construction of these power plants gives jobs to thousands of men. and when they are completed, extensive electricity will be available on many farms and factories, and homes. it was pleasant on arriving in england to be met by my good and wise friend. there was so much that i want to see and ask about. i wanted especially to see how britain and its industrial leaders have found out how to export the things needed to get the scarce dollars to balance their foreign change. someone told me how they're
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from did it. they make parts for british cars. he had just made a trip all through v)áe necessary contract. they say the lord helps those who help themselves. the marshall plan seems to be like the lord in that respect. there is no doubt in my mind how much martial plan funds have helped. but some facts are worrying. it is hard to see how europe can fully recover, as long as eastern europe remains at the present low levels. i had my ideas pretty well sortedçjne]ts out by the time ti went to visit our airmen at their base. europe has recovered. the 1938 level but that's not enough. in europe, the greater population and more social justice must have a far higher production level. above all, there must be greater integration. our men knew this.
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you can go ahead and ask questions. >> mrs. roosevelt, did you see a definite improvement in these countries visited? receiving martial aid. >> yes, i have taken particular trouble to see our people everywhere, and to actually ask. nations have done different things in different countries. i think eca has done a really outstanding job. i am not sure that everywhere, they would be ready to stand on their own feet. [applause] i have been on a very short trip but i've been to a number of countries, and one impression is clear. the interdependence of these nations, i personally believe we must continue, but they must
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work closer together. the key word integration. and the goals piece. ♪ ♪ weeknights this month we're featuring american history tv programs as a preview of what is available every weekend on c-span 3, tonight we look at the yalta conference. the decisions made their on february 1945 had huge ramifications for post-world war ii europe.
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we begin with a u.s. war documentary on this final meeting of the big three. soviet premier, joseph stalin, british prime minister, winston churchill, and u.s. president, franklin roosevelt. this summit took place at a resort in the ukraine. this documentary is followed by is symposium in new orleans looking at the lead up to yalta, and it's lasting legacy. watch tonight beginning at 8 pm eastern, and enjoy watching american history tv every weekend on c-span 3. up next on the presidency, historian carl looks at how the path fashion choices of pat nixon and betty ford reflected the culture and politics of their times. this top is one of a series. the richard nixon foundation hosted this 50-minute event.


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