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tv   Public Affairs  CSPAN  June 17, 2013 12:00pm-5:01pm EDT

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with the morning hour. legislative business would've started at 5:00 p.m. eastern, with a look at a number of land and water bills. and now live to the floor the u.s. house here on c-span. the speaker pro tempore: the house will be in order. the chair lays before the house a communication from the speaker. the clerk: the speaker's room, washington, d.c., june 17, 2013. i hereby appoint the honorable kerry bentivolio to act as speaker pro tempore on this day. signed, john a. boehner, speaker of the house of representatives. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to the order of the house of january 3, 2013, the chair will now recognize
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members from lists submitted by the majority and minority leaders for morning hour ebate. the chair will alternate recognition between the parties with each party limited to one hour and each member other than the majority and minority leaders and the minority whip each, to five minutes but in no event slal debate ontinue beyond 1:50 p.m. -- but in no event shall debate ontinue beyond 1:50 p.m. the chair recognizes the gentleman from american samoa, mr. faleomavaega. mr. faleomavaega: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, i ask unanimous consent to put for the full text of my statement be made part of the record. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. faleomavaega: mr. speaker, i rise today to denounce the disparaging name of the national football league agencies washington, d.c.,
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franchise, the redskins, which i'll refer to as the r word. the native american community has spent millions of dollars in the past two decades to fight that racism that is perpetuated by this slur. despite their best efforts, our native american brothers and sister's cries have fallen on deaf ears. it is largely due to the widespread ignorance, the lack of understanding regarding the history of this degenerating term. mr. speaker, i would like to share with my colleagues the painful and violent past associated with the r word. the origin of the r word is commonly attributed to the historical practice of trading native american indians skins, mr. speaker, native american skins and body parts as bounties and trophies. for example, in 1749, the area in maine and nova scotia -- for every indian killed to be paid
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upon producing his scalp. just as devastating was the proclamation issued in 1755 by spencer fitz. at that time the lieutenant governor and commander in chief at the massachusetts bay province who called for the wholesale -- proclamation. required those residing in the province to embrace all opportunities pursuing, capturing, killing and destroying all and every of the indians. by vote of the general court of the province, white settlers were paid out of the public treasury for killing and scalping the indian people. the bounty for an indian above the age of 12 was 50 pounds. and his scalp was worth 40 pounds. the bounty for a female indian of any age and for males under
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the age of 12 was 25 pounds. while their scalps were worth 20 pounds. historical accounts show these scalps were called redskins. the current chairman and chief of the nation, chief kurt francis, recently declared in the statement that the r word is not just a racial slur or derogatory term but a painful reminder of the one of the most gruesome acts of ethnic cleansing by the people. it was the most despicable and disgraceful act of genocide. mr. speaker, such disgrace continues to live on through the washington's franchise's name. in a recent letter, to the national football league's commissioner, roger goodell, said essentially that the use of the r word is meant to honor native americans.
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baloney. he added, for the teams' millions of fans and customers, it is a unifying worse, courage pride and respect. nornsenornedse, mr. speaker, the national football league is telling everyone, native americans included, they cannot be offended because the national football league means no offense. mr. speaker, mr. goodell's dismissive response is indicative of the racist history behind the washington franchise name. the founder is identified by his torians as the driving -- historians as the driving force of the color barrier in the national football league. a sad chapter from 1934 to 1935 when african-americans were rohibited from the league by not allowing to play. for years, mr. marshall changed the team's name from the braves in 1933 and after the nfl's color line was crossed in 1946,
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marshall's franchise was the last team in the field for african-americans were allowed to play, not until 1962. might also add that mr. marshall didn't welcome african-american players with open arms. it was attorney general robert kennedy that presented him with an ultimatum. unless marshall signed an african-american player, the government would revoke his franchise use of the team here in the district of columbia. today we find ourselves finding the same racist threats. we simply cannot continue to continue to disgrace those of a different race because of the color of their skin. as a nation, we have come too far to -- and to fight for
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these rights and i think native americans have a better sense of self-esteem and dignity and with that, mr. speaker, i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the entleman's time has expired. pursuant to clause 12-a of rule 1, the chair declares the house in recess until shortly after the president
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touched down in belfast, he spoke with students, calling on them to take responsibility for their country's future. we will bring you those remarks later today. the supreme court today struck down an arizona law requiring people to submit proof of citizenship when they register to vote. under a law, states are required to offer voter registration when a person applies for a drivers license. it does not require them to show proof. arizona's law requires the showing of a birth certificate, passport, or similar document. with several weeks still left in their term, some big decisions are expected.
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also rulings on california's opposition eight, limiting to same-sex couples. going as far back as abigail adams and martha washington, you find first ladies played an active role in the white house and in the campaigns that it took to get there. abigail adams was a campaign strategist for her husband. she helped advise him on who to woo in order to win the election, who he had to keep in his coalition. they would talk incessantly about the politics of the day, legislation that needed to be passed, which senators and congressmen he could count on and which ones he could not and what he needed to do to win more support. takes a look at
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our nation's boss first ladies as political partners with their husbands. tonight at 9:00 eastern on c- span. that think it is critical any regulation or lack thereof keeps in mind we need to be incentivized to continue to invest in the physical infrastructure that is the core of every product we deliver. if we are going to be a world -eader in the delivery of high speed data, have the highest speeds, most capable 55 access points, it is key that the regulatory environment we work in foster's as opposed inhibits further investments in that plan. >> should we have more flexibility for consumers? that is something that we are hopeful for. we have already more packages
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than before. the question is, is this a government's role or is it a negotiation between content companies and distributors, and my view this is best served in the business relationships, not in government law and mandate. we are respectful, it is an important subject, and one of the want to be part of that dialogue. >> a look at the cable industry .nd video marketplace tonight at 8:00 eastern on c- span tw2. >> the faith and freedom coalition wrapped up their we can meeting with sarah palin and texas governor rick pele. governor perry kicked things off speaking about the teachings of the bible. he spoke for about 15 minutes.
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>> howdy. thank you. thank you. thank you. how are you? awesome. i am better than good. it is an honor to be with you i want to saynd thanks to ralph, what an incredible job he does him and sarah is one of our great texans who does a fabulous job, and we are really proud of her and the work she does. this crowd in this turnout and the people -- think about all the people who have come to .articipate this all-star cast that has been brought together here, pretty fabulous group of men and women. i think it is a real tribute to row for and to what ralph has
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done. i do not know about the rest of but i woke up the morning after the election of 2012 and i was feeling it bit humbled. thats clear that the case we made as conservatives and frankly some of us that were move thes, we did not majority of the people in this country. so as we gather here to discuss what building a majority under the banner of faith and freedom, we need to do it with humility. you need to understand that we got a long way to go. now, i have learned a little bit about humility, particularly on national television -- [laughter]
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the fact is god had not called the perfect to go into the arena of public service. he has called people just like you and me. the example ofan our savior, if you will, inspires me as i speak you today. of theto remind you words of paul when he was talking to the people of philippi. second chapter, when you go to the versues, in your relationships with one another, have the same i said as christ jesus, who being in the nature of god and not consider equality with god something to be used to his own advantage, rather he made himself nothing by taking the very nature of the servant being made in human
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likeness and being found in appearance as a man he humbled himself by becoming obedient to ,aith, being obedient to death even death on the cross. christ asho proclaim their savior know that the ultimate example of humility comes in the form of the cross. and what does he write a few verses before that, when he describes jesus as an offering of love, he writes, therefore, if you have any encouragement from being united with christ, any comfort comes from his love, if any, and sharing of his spirit, tenderness and compassion, then make my joy complete by being like-minded to my having the same love, being one in spirit and one of mind. so we are supposed to be one of
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mind and one of spirit, bonded together with love, right? let me ask you, does that describe us today? , beingbeing torn apart by division- apart and discard, and i am not talking about healthy disagreement. my daughter and i have healthy disagreements from time to time. hadly, the early disciples healthy disagreement, but they always came back to that, in love, their common hope their shared heritage of faith, and the fact is that is what we must do. we start with humility. we acknowledge we put aside division and be of the same mind, and then we step out in her, and that is important for us -- by the way, courage does
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not mean that you are not afraid. , no less than john wayne, said that you can't be scared to death, but you saddle up anyway. disciples wasrite peter. think about peter. this is the st. peter who denied christ three times, the st. peter who was rebuked by paul concerning justification by works. this was the same peter whose mouth ran at times faster than his break -- brain. i can relate to this, people. and i am eternally grateful. flaws of men and women and the scripture are
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prominently displayed, because it gives us all hope. as we see that and we realize that there is hope for me. y goes to hiss faithfulness. toist changed his name peter, barack that he laid the foundation of the the church upon, and the alternate act of humility, showing that peter had crossed that a transcendent barrier from the shame and humiliation to the time of christ's death to the sacred humility at the time of his own that he bemanding crucified upside down. peter learned humility. peter learned courage to faithfulness. and he lived and died that way. perhaps what gave peter kerch was the promise of the savior who said, surely, i am with you
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always, to the very end of the age. what fills my heart in the darkest moments is i am never alone. you might think that where i milesp -- i grew up 200 west of dallas-fort worth, in a rural part of the state, that was 16 miles from the closest place that had a post office, that i might have had a lonely existence. i could be alone, but i was never lonely. i had great parents who brought me to contact into the early days of my life with a small methodist church, and then i went off -- i had boy scouts and h, and incredibly wonderful existence.
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i had 13 of my graduating high school class. i graduated in the top 10. [laughter] i went off to school to become a veterinarian, i loved texas a&m, and i spent four years -- four semesters studying pre- , and thenan medicine ca chemistry made a pilot out of me, and flew at the end of the vietnam conflict, and then i left and i came back home, and i am notme home -- proud of the fact am a but it is a reality, part of that humbling of backsliding, i had this all under control. . do not need you, god
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thank you very much, i will check you when i need you. ,e has a way of dealing with it of crushing you up in a little box. kind of blowing all that chaff away, and there is a raw seed there. that is what he did. as a 27-year-old young man, trying to find out what it is you really want me to do with my where do do you -- you want me focused, and that focus was brought to me by the grace of god to really get back in the world, to listen to him and to follow his instructions that he has a plan for everyone one of us, and that plan is good and it is for us to prosper.
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jeremiah 29, talks about he has a truly good plan for us. .e can set us free when he sets you free, it gives you the courage to go forward, to stick to your principles, to stand up for what you believe in, and that is one of the things that i am incredibly proud of what we have done in the state of texas over the course of the last decade, is we have gone forward. the principles that we know have made this country great, these traditional values of which america is based upon, and i hope my state is a glowing whople of men and women believe that those traditional values are how you make a stronger society. stick to your principles. amember that we talk about ub be a manman -- -- you
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or women of principles. and those principles have served us well, printable slight human life, innocent human life is sacred, and it should be protected from the moment of conception until death. [applause] we signed legislation to require parental consent for a minor to have abortion in texas. that is why i was delighted to put a signature on a budget that ended all state funding for planned parenthood. i signed a law that protects religious freedom, schoolchildren, sending letters to young men and women overseas should not have merry christmas censored from their school leaders and the afraid of lawsuits.
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children to wish merry christmas and public schools or happy hanukkah or whatever that might be. i happen to think these are very positive in the american society that we are living in today, and some of the greatest men of faith were the founders of this country. they drafted the great defense of freedom when conceived, when you think about the constitution. they gave us that great document for our central government so that our central government run underon not -- the rule of law. and i fear where he we have come where ourca, administration will not make one phone call to say our men and women in an embassy in lebanon,
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but they will monitor phone calls of 121 million americans through a secret judicial order. that bothers me. i fear the trampling of the second amendment and the discarding of the 10th amendment. every word in the bill of rights yankees our freedom and vowel of that should be ignored. i feel this millstone of death that is tied around the next of the next generation of americans, this country is drowning in debt. i reject the implication that our economy is doing better because life is good on wall businesses small across this country are crumbling on main street. our country can do better than this massive sovereign debt, this expanding welfare state, just drift toward socialized medicine that is modeled after modern western europe. we can do better, and we must.
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and starting today, we got to start the fight to regain those values. let me close with this. , wee fight for our country need to do it with joy. thatarty has frankly lost example of the happy warrior. ronald reagan died a little less than a decade ago, and sometimes i fear with his passing we have forgotten that conversations should come with a smile. ought to be our code. our conviction and passion compassion, not content or anger or fear mongering. we stand for the principles that made america great, and we
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should exude those principles with joy. smile when you disagree with a liberal. [laughter] , and as ronald reagan once said, liberals know so much that is not so. [laughter] [applause] so we need to be strong, courageous, but we also need to be loving and compassionate. our conservative convictions will win this country back if our time shows we are comfortable with our own ideas. and together we can build that movement. iscan make sure america still the freest in the most prosperous nation on the face of the earth. but as ronald reagan said as that shiningbe,
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city on the hill once again. ecclesiastes in the fourth aapter, 12 verse, says person standing alone can be attacked and defeated, but two men standing active back, they will conquer. so that vision of us standing back to back, that vision of us fighting the good fight, covering for each other, as my friends in the military say, i got your back. folks, in the great state of texas, we have your back when it comes to the issues of values. we have your back. [applause] and we ask you all across this country to do the same for the individualsthose
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who are standing up courageously and joyfully leading the charge him have their back as well. god bless you, and thank you all for letting me come and speak to you today. ♪ thank you, and god bless you. thank you, everybody, for being here. i want to let you know i am a christian, i am a believer, god lives in my heart, and i am for changing minds, not changing values. are you with me? i'm so grateful that we have a that puts god first, and i am proud to be part of that. we have so much to fight for in
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this party, in this movement that you are all part of, and i get it, and it is a blessing, and it is something that i embrace. it is something that our party embraces. you know, when we talk about what is at stake in this election -- and everybody have -- but myent theory position, there is lots of things that we can point to, but one of the things that i know that is true is that we can -- cannot operate that shows up for months before an election. it does not work. ryanwe do is that if i am and i am in cleveland and i'm calling ralph and i figure out
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that ralph is a mitt romney supporter and he is for mitt romney, what do we do about it? we sent him a few flyers about mitt romney, write to solidify his position, and turn him out to vote, but what is the other side doing? 1/2 years ago, they hired 12 people that are assigned a section of cleveland that ralph lives in. guess what -- those people are from the community and they have been working the community for 3 1/2 years. ?hat do they do every summer they have a registration drive, and they might ring a band in, have pizza parties, have lighthearted discussions, and they are given a list. here is 800 people, the people that vote, the people that vote sometimes, but you will get to
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know these people. they are hitting us all over the country like this. we need number one, so you if you hear stories about growth and opportunity, here is what it a permanent-- across the country coast-to- coast ground operation and focused in asian and hispanic, african-american, and yes, , aelic -- evangelical permanent ground operation, never stopping, never quitting, always on the ground, church festivals, swearing-in ceremonies, number two, branding and marketing. we do not tell our history anymore as a party. he have lost our history. we are the party of equality,, opportunity, it is our party that has a rich history, but you would not know it, because we do not say it. when is the last time you saw a
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flyer that said i am a republican because? have an obligation, i do to protect the brand of this party, because it does not matter whether you are for paul ryan, marco rubio, rand paul, nikki every one ofct is these folks will have a big fat r next to their name, and it stands for republican. and we have to finish what we started. rick perry just mentioned ecclesiastes ecclesiastes. one of my favorite verses is first, fishing is better. -- finishing is better. i can tell you we need an open api platform, all for your organizations to tap into the
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dated influence voters, parallel, not up-and-down from the party, but get people talking to each other. i happen tong is believe that our primary system is a disaster. 23 --en to believe that debate traveling circus with moderators that are in the business of creating news at our party's expense have got to come to an end, and it will come to an end. we need to control the moderators, we need to set the parameters of the debate. this is not an establishment takeover. this is using your brain. ay, one think you forgot, mitt romney was kind of a duck in the pond all summer and never defended himself, and it got away from everybody, and
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there you go, it is all over. there's a problem, and i do not want to get into the weeds to far, but if you have this candidate -- we have these campaign-finance laws -- if you have a candidate that they raise money with my primary money pot pot and a general election pot, and cannot use that general election pot you get nominated at the convention. you cannot get to it. you get 100 million dollars, you cannot get it. if you have a candidate like mitt romney who is broke in june because he just came through a year-long primary, a r a duck in the pond for three months. that when we talked about moving the convention from the end of august to the end of june, it is so that we can get to the general election, money to be able to defend these candidates, and it will shrink the duration of the primary. it is not an establishment
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takeover. we're trying to do what is right. i would rather win together than lose together, right? we are in a battle for freedom in this country. it is the same battle that found in this country, that james madison reaffirmed in the bill of rights. it is the same battle that founded our party in wisconsin. we are in a battle for freedom. we have got a president and aninistration -- administration that believes the bill of rights is a suggestion, and that is why i have asked eric holder to resign. think about this. -- think about his view of the bill of rights. he is the one that delivered the miranda rights to the christmas day bomber. he is the one who said that his legacy would be -- you are the
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attorney general and you defined your legacy as being that guy that wants to make sure that all 9/11 terrorists are tried in the united states federal court. youris what you define as legacy. such a believer in these were ranter rights, that he said he over thed the rights dead body of osama bin laden. fast and furious, a contempt order from congress, including 17 democrats voting in favor, and now tapping phone lines and all the rest. have a lot to fight for. in our party and in this country and in this movement that we are all part of together. i think that we have to make sure that we also understand that we live in an amazing a loty and that we have of blessings, in spite of some
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of the struggles, that we are blessed to be here. and in spite of not winning in november, god has given us an opportunity to build out a structure and a team that can win. we are not running against john kerry and how core anymore. , butld ways used to work they are not going to work anymore. and so i would just ask you that we come together and that we pray for the future of this country. we pray without ceasing, as thessalonians has said, that we pray that people would see and that eyes would be opened, that there is a better way to run this country, there is a better way of prosperity and freedom and growth, and that we are a movement that believes that there is unlimited opportunity for everybody in this country, and that is what we want.
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i want to leave you with this. it is really important for me -- for you to understand my heart. , iad a meeting with someone will not tell you who it is, but is something i think about everyday day, and i want to know where you im at every day. i was having a conference with someone who has been very good our party, and he he is an intimidating guy, and be really straightforward, you know the type that gets to the point and they are going to tell it like it is. i was talking to this person about what i think we need to do in this party. after about three minutes of it --hang on a second, listen up. you are young, you are smart -- that is questionable -- but you are young, you are smart, if you want a job here, i would love to have you, i will hire you next week. but here's the deal -- if you
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are not willing to be big and be bold, then do not waste my time. do not waste your life. do not waste your kids time and your wife's time. go big and global or forget about it. that is what we have to do together, and i have never stop thinking about that every single day. i want to make you proud of this party. that is my incentive. this is not glory. this is a grind. but it is a grind for a greater purpose. that is what we have been all called to do. this party is starving for something simple, people of their word to run for office and do what they said that they are going to do. it is really easy. [applause] we want real, authentic people that want to serve this country is a pure heart and make a difference. that is what we are starving
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for. that is what we want to deliver to you. and we also want you to know that we are going to fight every single day like a dog to deliver it. good news this year, 2014, and together great news for our country in 2016. let's build it together and let's win together. god bless you. thank you. thank you. thank you. ♪ >> thank you. thank you very much. it is a great honor to be with you this morning and i'm grateful to ralph for inviting me and grateful to you for being here. i wanted to spend a few minutes this morning talking about the challenges that the united states faces around the world today. while our focus is understandably on domestic , ours and priorities adversaries are not gracious enough to wait for us to get our
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domestic house in order. indeed, they take advantage of our lack of attention, and certainly the lack of attention of the current administration. it is very important for the united states not to forget how important it is to have a strong american presence around the world. we have a critical role for ourselves and for others. it is something that our country has recognized from its inception. the pilgrims referred to their settlements in america as the new jerusalem. john winthrop, the first governor at plymouth, said we must consider that we should be as a city upon a hill, quoting scripture, and ronald reagan, the only person who i know who can amend stricter and make it better, used to call america a shining city on the hill. it is for us but for others as well by example of how we
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perform. , perhaps better than any other president in contemporary times, understood that to achieve the great objective of peace in the world and peace for america, so that we could go about our lives in this country, that you had to achieve that through what he called peace through strength, that it is the capability that america has to dissuade or deter its opponents from challenging us and our friends around the world, that that is what keeps the peace, and what is provocative and is when america is ways -- displays weakness or inattention. this is something i think is well understood around the world. our current thatcher understood it -- margaret thatcher understood it. that is why they call her the iron lady and not code pink.
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[laughter] the threats we face around the world are real, hairy rear -- very real. .e face chemical weapons we see russia and china expanding their nuclear weapons forces, the threat from terrorism remaining very real. we are not on the road to the end of the war on terror. it is a long road and we have a long way to go. it has been going on far before the first 9/11 about but i think that tragedy really brought it to the center stage for americans. there was no way to avoid it anymore. it has not disappeared. we've had successes. you have made ourselves safer in some cases, but the threat will remains, and we have seen it just in the past months. we saw the second 9/11 in benghazi last year. killed, and since
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then, nine months later, no retribution, no revenge. these people are victims of international terrorism, and the administration has done nothing. ,e saw it two months ago today the anniversary of the bombing at the boston marathon here in this country. we have seen it in pictures from london and paris, cold-blooded murderers on their streets with knives and meat cleaver's. terrorism isst not a war we saw. it is a war that is being waged against us, and we have to understand and respond to it. the question is, how? the presenident and some republicans seem to think you can treat it like a law enforcement matter, like a jumped up bank robbery. the fact is the global war on terrorism is just that. and the risk that the terrorists and their state sponsors will one
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day achieve their long-sought- -- long-sought objective has to remain at the top of our priority list. you cannot address nuclear weapons with after-the-fact prosecutions or retaliations. the goal has to be to prevent the attack from happening in the first place. ,here are two ways to do that and earlier this week you have twod some thoughts about critical issues we face right now that i would like to address. the first way to prevent this kind of attack is to find out .bout it before it takes place you have seen the controversy over edwards snowdon, the leaks about the nsa programs. some democrats and even some republicans call him a hero. what is he doing today? he is in hong kong.
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his facts orng his version of facts about american espionage against china. that is one of the worst violators of international religious freedom against the world. in revealing the the secrets to china, this is nothing to do with american's privacy he is telling the chinese critical facts about what we are doing to protect ourselves against them. there are two possibilities there. either he is lying, or he is betraying his country's secrets to a rival, which tells you even more about his character. withact is that snowden what he has revealed has betrayed his country. any american politician who tells you that he is a hero is not fit to be entrusted with our country cost national security.
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secondly, when you face the kind of horrific threat of chemical, biological, or nuclear weapons, you face as well the difficult question whether in order to prevent an attack a country must strike preemptively. it is a very difficult decision to make, but we have got the decision right in front of us .ow with iran the president says for america all options are on the table. but nobody believes that. the focus right now is on israel, which twice before has attacked nuclear weapons programs and may well decide to attack iran's. this should be the old jerusalem coming to the defense of the new jerusalem, and it is important we understand if israel makes that hairy difficult decision -- that very difficult decision to mak prevet
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iran from using nuclear weapons, this will be a legitimate exercise of their right to self defense. ies act why democrac preemptively to protect their innocent civilians. looking ahead here, there are many more threats we will fiace, but let me remind everybody what margaret thatcher said to george h.w. bush right after saddam hussain invaded kuwait. he said, george, this is known time to go all wobbly. obama and some republicans think that america's strength is provocative, that we are the problem in the world. their answer is american decline and weakness. this is the contemporary answer george mcgovern's theme of
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come home, america. sadly, we now have one of the most provocative of american presidents we have had. let's not elect another one. our goal is peace, and we can achieve that through strength and determination. our founders understood this, and that is why in the declaration pledged their lives ,, fortunes, and sacred honor. this generation has to be prepared to carry on that legacy, because there is no turning away from a hostile word. .- world thank you very much. ♪ >> thank you, thank you, thank
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you. .hank you very much more importantly, thank you for being here, and as usual come a route never gives me enough time. --i will just take i need take what i need, and he will scold me later. you wrote a law of great presentations, you received a lot of information. i want to use as the topic for in 2014.s winning , because i am sick of people who are talking about giving up. we need to stop making excuses about the lawsuit we had in 2012 and talk about what we are going to do to win in 2014. that is what we ought to be focusing on. i will not recount all the reasons as to why we lost.
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there is a whole list of them. one of the biggest reasons that i believe that we did is the number of conservatives that stayed home because they were not enthusiastic. now look what we have. , dr. martin luther king jr. is quoted as saying the following -- probably not one of the quotations you have heard a lot. there's50 years ago, nothing more dangerous than orcere ignorance conscientious stupidity. to put it into 2013 for that killer, some people are ignorant and do not know it, and some
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people work at being stupid. they work at it. i do not mean to cast a broad net, but a lot of those people have to create the current situation that we are currently in. and the current situation we are in, because of all the reasons that i'm sure you have heard as to why we had the magnitude of the defeat that we had, the current situation that we are in today reminds me of george "1984." classic book 1949.lished that book in he was looking at a 30-year horizon where he talked about big brother controlling , even people's thoughts. the only thing that george .rwell missed was the timeframe
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it was 60 years instead of 30 years that have given us what we have today. i know you do not want to hear this, but big brother is already here. big brother wants to control everything. ,hey control our retirement social security, and we do not have supplementals. they control our health care that we are not able to kill this terrible legislation. ,hey control much of our money because of the tax code. one of the fundamental principles that big brother operated under which allowed it to be successful was the principle of ignorance is if you are big brother.
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big brother was able to do what he was able to do in that book because they intentionally kept people ignorant. ande was a comment on that he is right. what we are seeing in today 'sst environment is -- today and firm it is if you did not agree, they will try to find ways to silence you. , s have the irs abuse secmidationec -- dojmidation, irs intimidation,
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and it goes on and on and on in terms of the abuse and corruption in the government that wants to control all of our lives. that is why you are here and that is why i am here, because we are not going to be geeknet -- ignorant of the truth, ignorant to the fact, because i know everybody in this room believes and feels as i do that we will take our government back. as i dropped out of the presidential race because of the viciousness of the media, they .hought i was going to be quiet that is not going to happen. that is not going to happen. here is how we take our government back.
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, youe you stop a train .ave to slow it down too many people are discouraged because they think that this is a sprint. it is a marathon. this train is running full speed down the track toward socialism and toward communism. yes, i said it. that is why we -- that is where we are headed. and reverseop it it, we have got to slow it down. that is what we do in 2014. we focus on slowing it down. i respect all of the speculation about who might run for president in 2016, but there are things we can do in 2014 that we should not overlook. two suggestions, two strategies
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that we must do that we should focus on, and if you do not know how to focus on things, go to hermancain.com. number one, control of congress, both houses. it is global. it is doable with three things e, we need some enthusiasm. we need some and easy as an in people's hearts and souls. would be generated when people have a good understanding of what our brand called conservatives stands for. i am often asked how do you ,each out to blacks, asians
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hispanics and other minorities? way your is the same reach out to white people. let me tell you what people get enthusiastic about. it is what i call and described as the road to prosperity. he should be in the business of removing barriers to education and be proud of charter schools, the proud of homeschooling, the proud of vouchers. we removed barriers from education. should be proud of removing barriers to jobs. right now this economy is not growing, even in though we are being told it is growing. we are in the barrier removal is this. we do not get that message out there enough. the barriers to jobs, entrepreneurship, and ownership -- that gets people excited,
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that gets them in his yes to about what it is that we stand for. , r-a-c-e-eted races s. when the time comes that you can support and help to get some of the right people there. we have got to stop sending nearly 90% of the folks in d.c. back to d.c. 90%. a, activists. the foot soldiers like you and i are the ones who are going to be able to change things. the way we are going to be able to change things is that we are calling to continue to create and expand what we have already been doing for the past several years of creating a groundswell of activists, a groundswell of citizens and patriots and conservatives.
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as we create a groundswell of around number 2, which i will describe in a minute, it will be so massive that the politicians in washington, d.c. will want to get out in front of the parade. we have got to create the parade and they will get out in front of it. that is how many members of the political class operate. there are ability classes in this country now. i call it the political class and the working class. all you have to do is come to washington, d.c., and i am sure you feel the same thing i feel. you look in these buildings and you say, some democrats -- some bureaucrat is trying to decide on my health care.
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the way we change things is we have to do it from the bottom up. secondly, though owned. we have got to stop listening to and excepting mambi-pambi solutions to our problems. [applause] whenever a politician running for office comes to me and says, mr. cain, we had something in common. i want to reform the tax code. i say, get away from me. i do not want to reform it. i want to replace the tax code. go bold. let me tell you another one i want to do. i gave a similar talk to a group. when i mentioned this next one, there was no applause. it was like, they had already accepted that it cannot be done.
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repeal obamacare. [applause] go bold. the only way we are going to be able to replace the tax code and appeal obamacare is that we are going to have to create the movement on the part of the activists and watch the politicians fight each other to get in front of this parade. that is how we do this. that is how we win in 2014. if i did not think it was doable, i would not be here. if i did not think it was doable, i would not be on the radio three hours, five days a week. for more information, go to carmen -- hermancain.com. yes, that is a plug and i am proud of it.
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yes, i see some of my friends from georgia. let me close with the following. i am almost done, ralph. one of the things i have to fight, encourage the every day on the radio is people who want to give up. i have to remind them of something that a lady who was about to be put into the gas chambers at the end of the holocaust -- i will never forget what she said. her first name was berta. she was standing in front of the gas chamber about to be put into the gas chamber when the allied soldiers came and said, the war
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is over. you are saved. a reporter asked her later, did you ever give up? she said, no. standing right there in front of the door of the gas chamber, she never gave up. he reporter asked why. she said, giving up is a permanent solution to a temporary condition. [applause] the state that we are in right now in this country is temporary. and we can take it back. [applause] life can be a challenge. life can seem impossible. it is never easy when there is so much on the line.
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you can make a difference. there is a mission just for you. just look inside and you will find just what you can do. look inside and you will find just what you can do. we can take our government back. [applause] [captioning performed by national captioning institute] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2013] >> thank you so much. thank you. thank you very much.
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i am so delighted to be here. you have taken time out of your busy schedule to be here. we were just talking about this act stage. it is not about me. it is about you being involved in trying to save our country. you do my heart well. it is good to be among friends. it is great to he here. it is interesting to be in washington. every time i do get back here seems to be more and more surreal. i was then asked if he had encountered any protesters here. if there are, speak now or forever hold your's these --
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speech. facing the critics is something i do well. it's easy to spot them in the parking lot with their itty- voltz.purple bul autism the ways the real let -- the reelect -- what gives of the sticker.reelect obama i rolled my truck window down as i pulled up to these guys and said "really, why?" why would they support failed policies. one reply i got a guy said "i am not a racist so i voted for him to prove it appear coat i replied "nor am i a racist. net time vote for someone else to prove you are in a knucklehead."
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now more than ever it seems so orwellian over here. terms like "leading from behind" meant following. the other day the white house testified bragging that they used "unleased untruthful statements." where i come from that is called "a lie. the government lied in benghazi and americans died. the scandals are being rebuilt. people are waking up to what is going on. the scandals are coming at us so fast and furious. it reminds me of a comedy routine that my really good friends at saturday night live
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could think of me as a friend. doing more for those unemployment numbers than obama has ever done. what snl does is they have this skit where they do this take newscast and they read absurd news reports. then they finish it with an incredulous "really?" our government spies on every single one of your phone calls but cannot find two bostonians. really? it built an apparatus to sneak into all the communications but it missed the fort hood mass murder of our own troops despite this islamic terrorist declaring
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his ideology in numerous army counseling sessions and on his own business card. there were no red flags there. really? our government passing the affordable care act. that is the affordable care act. it's result? making our premiums more expensive. now hiring up to 16,000 armed irs agents to implement this act. the irs cannot figure out how it managed to spend over $4 million on a training conference because it didn't keep its received. really? you try that with the irs.
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it gives me the same reaction that i get from so much of what saturday night live does. i do not know whether to laugh or cry. you just tune out. i think that is what a lot of good are doing to washington today. dc is one hot mess. where is our commander-in-chief. we are talking more new interventions. in these radical islamic countries they are not respecting basic human rights. they scream over an arbitrary red line. we have someone who knows what they are doing. let allah sort it out.
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we are gathered today in a city that is a scandal. it is just another saturday afternoon in dc. to me this one feels different. something more is going on than your garden-variety corruption. this is shaping up to be a teachable moment. what is going on? it shows something fundamental about our relationship to our government. for the perfect teacher we need to look no further than becky. she is a wife and mother and living in small-town usa. before last week you probably have never heard of her. she came to washington recently to do something that no american should have to do.
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that was to beg for her right. she came to washington not as a dem but as a bit tour, a lawyer. she had been singled out for her political believes. she came to washington not to apologize but to evangelize. she had been treated by her government as an uppity hick who needed to be brought down in an avalanche of red tape. she came to washington not as a subject but as a citizen. she made her case better than i ever could have. part of what she says, she said where i come "we are patriotic americans. we peacefully assemble." we exercise our right to free speech.
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we do not understand why our government tries to stop us. "i am not a serf. i'm not here today to beg my lords for mercy. i am a wife, a mother, a citizen. i'm time i government that you have forgotten your place." i have had the honor of meeting thousands of americans like becky's. so many human have they are calling out to government that has not called out. they have systematically usurped the place. when our founders declared our independence, they pointed to a long train of abuses from
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arrogance and dictatorial governments. that train leaving the station again. the challenge is to see it for what it is and to stop it in its tracks. the problem is not bureaucrats in cincinnati going rogue. it is not honest reporters and their parents being targeted for doing their job. it is not 20 something security contractors leaking government documents. the problem is government grows so big that it intrudes into every aspect of our life. it has grown so arrogant that it
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thinks that we work for it rather than it working for us. the problem is this is the power of government. he needs to sustain for the rights of we the people. the scandals infecting the city are a symptom of something bigger. it is not matter if it is a republican or democrat sitting on top of out of control government, everyone is infected. no party is immune. i am listening to those independents. libertarians are saying it is both sides of the aisle. they've perpetuated these problems. the good old boys i'm not been part of the solution. they put this on cruise control. put it on the ted cruise control
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for a week and see where it goes. i think we would see some solutions. investigate them. let's punish the guilty. did you know the f b i is investigating the irs of the tea party conservatives scandal? they have not contacted one tea party yet. the fbi does not know who is even leading the investigation. nothing to see here. that is what they want us to believe. move along little people.
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irs lawyers who are in charge of this donated to obama over republicans 20-1. both of the lawyers who made political contributions overall, 95% of them came to obama. that is nothing. at the un and education department and national labor relations board, 100% of their attorneys donated to obama. it is not just me saying that. investigate. we can not kid ourselves that we can stop at just that. we could rebuild our majority. they want to basis over one rate over another. i say this to someone who is kind of fertile myself. i do not think that is where we want to go in society.
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how we will incentivize the hard-working responsible families who want to follow the law. the first act is to break the law. we are slightly acquiescing to a totalitarian state if we just sit down and shut up. i refuse to do.
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we have nothing to gain by loudly condemning the tactic while we retreat. we are a freeborn people. the day we stop worrying about this tear any lurking around every corner, which barack obama just told a group of graduates that they should ignore and forget about. that is the day that we lose our freedom. that is the day we stopping citizens and become subjects. they forget the words we spoke some of the words we must be willing to say today. that words that launched the resolution.
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patrick and he said "i know not what course others will take, as for me, give me liberty or give me death." we must be willing to say that today. i am so glad that you are here. i'm so glad you made the sacrifices away from family and work and home to be here. i cannot thank you enough. it is just so encouraging for normal average everyday americans skew our counting on you to have that stiff spine and pushed back this movement that is tyranny. americans like becky.
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they already know all of this. not only do they value their freedom but you're willing to fight for it. and hundreds of towns across america, so many americans are fighting the good fight. i know because i have met them. i have been in their home. they have been a mine. they are the rock upon which we will build this new majority. they are the boys that can reach millions of others of patriots of all race and color and creed that value the dignity and opportunity of freedom.
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they have kept safe with everything we love about this land of the free. we will have no hope of reclaiming our country. we will deserve it even less. this is the message that our leaders need to understand. you do not discredit and dismiss every hard-working american. too often leaders are not doing it. we the people have to do it. we cannot count on our politicians in washington, dc to do this for us. this speaks to the idea, the action needed on a local level. i ran for city council. i was a small town mayor. you have to start on a local level affecting that change.
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it you do not just except the good old boys trying to shut things down in your own hometown either that are not part of a liberty loving populace that is here running their businesses, raising their families, assuming that everybody understands what our constitution says, assuming it is in our heart and soul that we will follow our constitution, start on the local level affecting that change as you work on these higher levels of politicos who happen to be in charge of our country. a start on that local level or do both. it just do both. local and national. time is wasting. we will reclaim our country if we do not keep faith with those americans. they knew that this land was dedicated to our god
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and he has blessed it. we do well to rededicate it at this time to our one true heavenly father. we are not going to come up in her own simple minds with a solution. the challenges are too big. we need to ask at hands of protection and the blessings of our father to fall upon our nation. this is what god is all about, grace and mercy and forgiveness. if we ask for this and rededicate our land to our lord, things will turn alone. i know at least you all can appreciate that. they are the unsung heroes.
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they are out there be fusing to retreat. we must, we will fundamentally restore america. would that i want to thank you again. i want to ask you to keep up the good fight. we cannot get tired. we cannot weaken our resolve to defend this republic and make our politicians be accountable and follow our constitution.
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you are the unsung heroes. i happened to be given a microphone. i'm speaking on behalf of you who love this country as much as i do. who love and value life and our kids, some who perhaps will face more challenges than the rest of us will face, yet we understand the dignity of human life. we understand there are got the standards of perfection and then there are the world standards of perfection that are superficial and often materialistic and do not matter. you all know what really matters. that is why it is so good for us to be encouraged and be fed by you knowing you're out there. you've got our back. we've got your back. with that, i thank you. happy father's day tomorrow.
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happy father's day to our founding fathers. in their honor, let us do better for the country that they have bestowed upon us. thank you all so much. god bless you. god bless the united states of america. >> what you think
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your position will be on fox news? >> i hope to do more of the same. >> where are you from? >> wonderful. it is so nice to meet you. very cool. thank you. how are you?
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it is so good to see you. thank you for letting me. >> it was my honor. it really was. >> thank you. thank you.
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>> i'm another one of your alabama girls. asked what time are you from? >> earning him. -- what town are you from? >> birmingham.
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>> i just graduated. good for you. >> thank you. thank you very much. thank you very much. no worries. in the picture? >> thank you so much. hey folks. >> thank you. there you go.
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did you catch my fun ? ?- did you catch my funny line >> i think man. >> can i get a picture? >> share. >> i think you're so great. keep up the great work. thank you so much. i am honored to meet you. >> that is big.
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>> i like my 1982 hair. >> what is your name? it is nice to meet you. i am honored to shake your hand.
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>> i saw you and may cain. >> a right on. .- i saw you and mccain >> right on. >> can you sign my poster? they are so unflattering.
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[general crowd conversations] >> i am honored to meet you, sir. thank you so much. makes me cry. gone it -- that doggonit.ry,
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>> we are the copies of conservatives in the u.s.. we appreciate all of your support. we're joined today by re- excellent panelists. this is one of the most successful polling firms. bushd to point out the white house. also joined is justin phillips
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founder of the tea party nation. please get to know him. it is one of the largest tea party groups in the country. you will see him on television a fair amount. he was an editorial writer for decades. is a senior editor at the american spectator. one of the nation's premier experts on voter fraud. we are pleased to have these three today. doomedic is conservatism by changing demographics. our three panelists will say the same thing.
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we will have a few minutes of opening remarks, three minutes from each of them, and then i will throw some questions at them. we will hopefully get a good discussion going. let's start with nicholas. >> not a chance. conservatism is not doomed. what i would like to see is more people becoming conservatives. how can we do that? what the data shows is people who have a secure and stable life, that enjoy a job, a stable job, a steady income, who are married, who are the member of a family, who are middle-class families, who have a home, who are the member of the church, these people are much more likely to be conservative than those who are not. what you can do is help those in your community, help those of your friends, lobby for legislation, tell your members of congress, support legislation
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and let's do things to provide the security and stability for americans. to help them have a better job, cut government spending, use it so we can grow job creation, so we can help people have a stable and secure life. that is where we see conservatism growing, where voters and americans in general have this ability to think about things outside of just, am i going to be able to afford my bills this month? give them the ability to think about things like national security and things like healthcare reform and things like government spending. once we can do that and get them to pay attention to these issues that are so critical, we see numbers jump for conservatives. what i would like to see is more action being taken to help people become what is one of the strongest demographic groups of conservatism, which is middle- class families. that is one of the strongest
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groups out there identifying themselves as conservatives. what i would like to see is us figuring out a way to draw more people into that category who identify themselves as a middle- class family. that would be great for conservatives. >> let's jump over to justin. >> i will say this, paul was worried about following e.w. jackson. i'm not worried. i was a donor for personality transplant operation, so i have no fear. it can -- is conservatism doomed? absolutely, positively not. can i get an amen? >> amen! >> i get on social media a lot. i can make my career on social media, and i do it a lot. i end up talking to liberals. it is light and coulter said, are going liberals if you must. they have the same racist attitude.
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their idea is that conservatism is a bunch of old, white guys who look like me, and they are all going to die off in the dinosaurs. and that will be the end of conservatism. then there'll be dinosaurs, the free munchies from star wars singing again, and who knows what else. that is the most ludicrous, asinine, idiotic thing that i have ever heard. freedom and liberty, the linchpin values of conservatism, are the most evangelical ideas in the world today. people inherently understand freedom and liberty. go to iran. they are oppressed, but their people understand freedom.
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go to libya. go to saudi arabia. to north korea, the most oppressive nation in the world. there are people -- there are people there in the gulags because they understand guilty. -- liberty. all they have to do is read conservative bloggers today. they get liberty. ricky is not simply going to fade away -- liberty is not simply going to fade away because the baby boomers are getting older. it is not going to happen. there is one other cool thing i like. i will tell you why conservatism is not going away -- that is liberals do not pay attention to science. they believe in global warming. they believe al gore invented the internet. [applause] there is something else they believe, but i cannot figure it out. there is something incredible -- i can recommend a book to you all called "physics of the future" -- the book talks about changes that are coming in technology and medicine in the next 100 years. one of the things that we are seeing is greatly expanded lifespans for people like us. my parents were in the world war ii generation. they're both gone now.
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most of that generation is gone. those of us who are baby boomers, if you are younger than us, i got bad news, we will be around a long time. that is one of the reasons why conservatism is not going to die. we are not demographically doomed. we will be around a lot longer than liberals think we are, and that gives me no end of pleasure because i will be able to torment liberals for a long time to come. [applause] >> let's jump over to john for his opening remarks. >> this conference is the intersection between faith and politics. between the spiritual and the secular. the way to reach demographic groups that we need to attract to win a majority is to recognize that faith and politics marched together. -- march together. i think one of the things we have to learn about demographic groups, whether it is hispanics
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or asian-americans or african- americans, is you cannot just go every two years into their neighborhoods and say, vote for me. [applause] you have to actually be involved. african-americans are a tougher nut to crack. i will tell you with other ethnic groups, here is what is absolutely necessary. i want to reiterate something -- you need to go in and offer something tangible, sometimes spiritual counseling, sometimes support for a family in trouble, sometimes holding a job fair or having a community meeting in which you offer from blood pressure screenings to cholesterol screenings to setting up a website. there are 3 million hispanic businesses in this country. the majority of them are not on the website -- on the web. what if we train young people,
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give them free digital training on how to get a job designing websites, working on the internet, a career that probably is a lot more interesting than the schools they are going to now -- you have to give something tangible to them to show your sincerity. you have to give before you receive. that is a biblical principle. i think that is the secret to actually break out of our comfort zone in the neighborhoods we live in and make sure that we actually make human contact with people, because the single most important influence in how people vote are their friends, neighbors, and the relatives. if we can reach out on that basis, we can win. the other thing i want to emphasize is what nicholas said all of the things you're doing in your local communities and churches and neighborhoods to promote faith and stable families have a real political payoff.
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i call it the three m's -- marriage, mortgage, and munchkins. these three m's make people more conservative because they instill responsibility in people. to the extent we promote those, we not only build more stable neighborhoods and families, but we improve our political situation. that cannot be emphasized enough. one statistic -- take a list of states, and let's rank order by caucasian women, because it gets skewed otherwise -- 50% of white women who are married -- rank in each state how many are married the top 25 states where white marriage rates are highest, they all went for romney. the bottom, all win for obama. romney carried married women of all races by 11 points. single women, he lost by 31. that is the secret.
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get people married. get people a mortgage. [laughter] and let's improve our munchkin rate. thank you. [applause] >> let's pick up on that point. some of you have touched on it. is it wrong for us to speak of large demographic groups? should we not say hispanics because we need to drill down and talk more about married hispanics or women hispanics or single hispanics? can we drill into that topic? is it wrong as conservatives for us to even talk about these large groups in that way? john or necklace or whoever. [video clip] -- john or necklace or whoever. -- nicholas or whoever. >> i think so. we were consistently told that romney had a woman problem. he had a single woman problem.
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was it a single woman problem, or a single problem? we saw numbers among single men. there's something about marriage that draws people into conservatism. i think the more they talked about women, i always thought, not exactly because romney is winning and married women. i think it is important for us to talk about groups like that, and otherwise a lump them together some and usually they do it in a way that is most beneficial to the democratic candidate. it doesn't provide a clear picture of everything out there. >> you want to jump back in on that, john? >> i will wait for another round. >> a lot of times when you hear a topic like changing
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demographics, you immediately think hispanics. that is the major trend these days. we do not hear a lot about asians. maybe that is the silent, sleeper group we should be looking into more. i do not know if any panelists have any thoughts or experience related to the growing asian american minority. >> i was writing a long article on this. we need to pay attention to this often called silent minority. we spend a lot of time talking about hispanics, and they were between nine percent-10% of the electorate in 2012. -- 9%-10% of the electorate in 2012. they have incredibly high education levels. their income levels are higher than that of white americans. asian-americans have incredible family structures, incredibly hard-working ethics, and in fact, in 1992, which was within our living memory, bill clinton got less than one third of the asian vote.
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george h w bush carried the wood the asian vote. abdul carried the asian vote. -- bob dole carried the asian vote. then things went south. the asian vote is very different. if you are a bangladeshi american, 93% of you voted for barack obama. if you are a vietnamese- american, two thirds of you voted republican. it is a wide range. surprisingly -- people do not realize this -- the second most republican asian group in america are filipinos. here is what i learned from the 2012 election. the asian vote collapsed, but in nevada, they tried a special
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program of outreach using all of the asian languages, asian spokesman. they made a special effort. mitt romney got 48% of the asian vote in nevada, which was important because 9% of the voters in nevada were asian. they saved the seat for dean heller. you have to do it this year. new jersey and virginia are the two states that have off your elections. chris christie as governor of new jersey because he won the asian vote so profoundly in 2009. in new jersey, it is largely indian americans. indian americans are doctors, lawyers, engineers. he carried their votes because they were so disgusted by the corzine administration. bob mcdonnell made a special effort for asian voters. i went to one precinct in fairfax county, 47% asian, and barack obama in 2008 carried it 63%, and bob mcdonnell worked that precinct and carried 54%. it can be done. we have to reach out to them on things like school choice, opposition to quotas, because
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asian-americans are often the most damaged by quotas, hard work, individualism in the sense of not being dependent on anyone outside of your family, and frankly religious values. as you probably know, well over 50% of korean americans are protestant. many of them are evangelical. that often goes for many other asian ethnic group screen they are often a lot more christian than you realize. those are groups we can reach out to. because they are visible among visible -- invisible, we often do not think about talking to them. we have to do that. their population is growing faster -- the number of immigrants into this country among asian-americans is now greater than the number of hispanic immigrants and dream legally -- entering legally. >> thank you for that. we do need to break it down if
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we are going to target them. maybe this last question -- i see we are running out of time maybe more and -- aimed at connecting with minority communities in their communities we need to go to them. how do we do that, but as activists but also as members of congress were inside the beltway? how do we get there? >> reaching these communities, there is a bigger problem than simply reaching the community. if we want to look at this from the 20,000 foot view, publicans are horrible at messaging. i do not care whether you are trying to reach asian americans african-americans, redneck americans. [laughter] republicans are horrible at messaging. eric cantor is doing the thing he is my congressman -- he has a thing on his con -- on his website, and his idea of messaging was #makinglifework. my response to that was #wtf. that does mean winning the future, by the way.
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[laughter] in order to reach these communities, we need to figure out basic messaging. john was talking about single women, losing the single women vote. what did that? the war on women. if you look at the virginia race, what is terry mcauliffe's strategy? war on women. this is what we have to do, not only at the macroeconomic level, but also at the micro level. you have to figure out how to micro-target individual communities. bangladeshi americans, pakistani americans, and where i come from, tennessee americans. [laughter] we really are americans, i swear to you. this is what obama's team did so well in the 2012 election where they could data mine down to individuals and figure out what the triggers were for them, how to message, and this is what we
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will have to do. we will have to do it with individual communities. >> any comment on that? >> 15 under two comments, going into the communities, degree not the things that government would normally do, and how can we cobble together a group of businesses or community activists to do that function and communicate -- whether it is testing for diabetes or blood pressure or a job fair, let's not get the government to do it. how can we get your businesses in your town or churches or organizations to come together and say, sponsored by your local business community? >> how about getting people to help them fill out their tax forms to save them from the irs? [applause]
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>> i think we unfortunately are out of time. i wish we had hours to spend with this fantastic panel. you have a great lineup of speakers coming. i will make one shameless plug the house conservative website. d to take this after five weeks in the five-year farm bill. this afternoon both are scheduled for 630 p.m. eastern. watch live coverage here on c- span and a couple of minutes when they get underway. >> going as far back as abigail adams and martha washington, you find that first ladies played an active role in the white house.
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abigail adams was basically a campaign strategist for her husband. she advised him on who to woo. did they would talk incessantly about the politics of the day on the legislation that needed to be passed. which senators and congressmen he could count on. what he needed to do to need more support. >> as we continue our theyrsation, john roberts take a look at our first ladies as political people rather than wives and mothers. >> we will go live shortly to the house as members are returning from the weekend. --y will be deleting debating several lands and water bills. it also consider an abortion ban after 20 weeks.
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the senate is dabbling in at this hour. lawmakers will be taking up judicial nominations and will continue work on immigration legislation. you can see this live on c-span2
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the speaker: the house will be in order. the prayer will be offered by our chaplain, father conroy. chaplain conroy: let us pray. god, our father, we give you thanks for giving us another day. bless the members. people as i house as they return to -- bless the members of the people us a house as they return to washington. may their energy to address our nation's issues be renewed following their visits home for the father's day weekend. continue to bless all who work in the capitol. may our citizens be mindful of their generous service to the operations of government and supportive of them as they toil
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in relative anonymity day in and day out. we ask that what all these who work within these hallowed halls do would be for your greater honor and glory, amen. the speaker: the chair has examined the journal of the last day's proceedings and announces to the house his approval thereof. pursuant to clause 1 of rule 1 thejournal stands approved. pledge of allegiance today will be led by the gentleman from hio. >> i pledge allegiance to the flag of the united states of america and to the republic for which it stands, one nation, under god, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all. the speaker: the chair will entertain requests for one-minute speeches. for what purpose does the gentlelady from north carolina ise? without objection, so ordered.
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ms. foxx: thank you, mr. speaker. house republicans have a plan to create jobs, grow our economy and secure our future for all americans. and we're going to do it by expanding opportunity, not expanding government. we're going to hold government accountable to the hardworking taxpayers of this country. we're going to rein in runaway washington spending that's driving up our national debt. we're going to reform our tax code to make it fairer and simpler for all americans. we're going to promote an all-of-the-above, all-american energy strategy that will create jobs, lower energy costs and strengthen our national security. these are the commonsense solutions that the american people deserve. it's not fair that washington democrats keep offering up only more spending and political games. real solutions to real problems, that's the house republican commitment. i yield back. the speaker: for what purpose does the gentlelady from california rise? does the gentlelady ask unanimous consent? without objection, so ordered.
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>> thank you, mr. speaker. upon graduation, many students are faced with repayment of student loans in addition to seeking employment in a very tough job market. over 5.4 million americans have at least one past-due student loan aaccount -- account which affects their credit and our nation's economy. last week my colleagues, representative janice hahn, and i introduced the give relief rom academic debt act of 2013. the grant act would extend the great period of six months to one year after graduation before the onset of repayment of the federal student loans. by extending the grace period, graduates have a longer period of opportunity to find a good-paying job before repayment of these loans begins. mrs. negrete mcleod: i urge the house to consider this legislation for the millions of the nation's graduate students who are struggling to pay back loans.
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thank you and yield my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman yields back the balance of her time. for what purpose does the gentleman from south carolina seek recognition? mr. wilson: i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute, revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from south carolina is recognized for one minute. mr. wilson: madam speaker, sexual assault and misconduct within our military ranks occurs far too often and threatens the safety of both men and women serving in our armed forces. our brave military personnel go well beyond the call of duty, risking their lives to protect american families and the freedoms we hold deer. it is our obligation to crack down on these heinous crimes by strengthening the military's justice system so that we can better protect those who protect us. i am very grateful that last week members from both sides of the aisle joined together in a bipartisan fashion to address this problem by passing the national defense authorization act for fiscal year 2014. sexual assault prevention caucus
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leaders, mike turner and nicki tsongas, with house armed services committee buck mckeon, worked together to make a difference. thankfully we were successful in including 20 additional provisions that will address prevention, investigation, prosecution and punishment of the crime of sexual assault. in conclusion, god bless our troops and we will never forget september 11 and the global war on terrorism. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman's time has expired. for what purpose does the gentleman from ohio seek recognition? the gentleman is recognized for one minute. >> i stand before you today to talk about a rare disorder. kl-5 , june 17, is cd awareness day. this genetic disorder was discovered in 2004. those impacted usually suffer from seizures and rarely if ever walk or talk.
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my niece, katie, is one of only 600 known cases in the world. mr. wenstrup: when katie was born, just five years ago, only 200 children had been diagnosed with cdkl-5 disorder. due to the recent discovery of this condition, and its resemblance to epilepsy and autism, it's likely that there are many children who have been undiagnosed or misdiagnosed. families are forced to turn to the internet and the community of parents because even doctors know relatively little about cdkl-5. unfortunately at this time, there's no cure, only hours of therapy and for many traveling long distances to specialists. fortunately cdkl-5 research is taking place. the children impacted with cdkl-5 disorder cannot talk to you about their condition. so the responsible falls to us to raise awareness -- responsibility falls to us to raise awareness. my family learns something from katie every day. it's my hope we can continue to learn more for katie and the other young people impacted by
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the cdkl-5 disorder. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman's time has expired. for what purpose does the gentleman from kansas seek recognition? >> unanimous consent to address the house for one minute, revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized for one minute. >> madam speaker, i rise today to speak about the american dream. in the united states, we are a nation of opportunity, a country that provides everyone the chance to follow their ideas, to innovate, to explore, to create and to build. in the united states, this nation of opportunity is best represented by the millions of small businesses that make our economy grow and put our friends and neighbors to work. mr. yoder: that's why i'm proud today to speak, to recognize national small business week. more than two out of every three new jobs created in our country are are made possible by small businesses. as we spend this week highlighting the innovations and successes of small businesses across the country, let us renew our efforts to help all americans get back to work with bipartisan and commonsense legislation that helps these small businesses grow and hire
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new employees. madam speaker, we must continue to work together to harness the full economic drive of the united states economy. and that drive is led by the men and women in the engine room of each and every small business across our great nation. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. pursuant to clause 12-a of rule 1, the chair declares the house >> live coverage of the u.s. house when members return 5:00 p.m. eastern. the supreme court today struck down an arizona law requiring people to submit proof of citizenship when they register to vote. under the federal motor voter
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law, states are required to offer voter registration when a resident applies for a driver's license. the law requires for registrants registrant swear they are citizens. with several weeks left in the court's term big decisions left to be released requiring some states to -- a ruling in california's proposition 8 limited marriage to same sex couples a case challenging the defense of marriage act. federal law defining marriage between a man and a woman. >> going as far back to abigail adams and martha washington, you find that first ladies played an active role in the white house and in the campaign that's it
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took to get there. abigail adams was baseballly a campaign strategist for her husband. she hoped to advise him on who to woo in order to win election who he had to keep in his coalition. they would talk about the politics of the day, legislation that needed to be passed which senators and congressmen he can count on and which ones he couldn't. >> as we continue our conversation, john roberts the author of the book of "rating first ladies" take look at first ladies as political partners rather than wives and mothers. tonight at 9:00 eastern on c-span. >> we think it's critical that any regulation or lack there of keeps in mind that we need to be incentivize to continue to invest in the physical infrastructure that's the core of every product we deliver.
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we're going to be a world leader in the delivery of high speed data if we're going to have the fastest speed, the most capable wifi access points. it's key that the regulatory environment in which we operate fosters further investment in that plan. >> should we have more packaging accessibility and options for consumer? that's something i think we are hopeful and worked on. we already got more packages than we had ever before. finally the question the government's role negotiation between company and distributors. my view is it is best served in the business relationships not in government laws and mandates. we're very respectful and it's an important subject and we want to be a part of that dialogue >> look at the cable industry and video marketplace. two of the -- tonight at 8
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eastern on c-span 2. earlier today the senate for strategic and international studies here in washington hosted an event examining u.s. national guard capabilities and future operations. speakers included directors of the army and air national guard. general frank grass provided opening remarks. some of the language maybe offensive to viewers. this is about an hour and 40 minutes. >> thanks everybody. i play only on a mental role this morning. usually my wife laughs when i say that. welcome everybody. glad to have you here. this is a part of the military strategy forum and i want to say sincere thanks to our friends at roll royce as they make a
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possible. this is the first time we've had the chief of the bureau. i'm glad for that. part of this is quite opportune from a timing standpoint. as everybody knows there is agent war -- giant war being fought everyday and it's inside of the pentagon and it's over money. this happens. it's quite intense now because we're in this -- we don't have a national debate. frustrated by that. there should be a national debate over what we are doing. we are just having a lopsided discussion where we don't really have the substance brought to the table about the meaning of cutting these budgets. i think we have to be honest and say there's great damage that's being done to the defense department these days. had breakfast this morning with a very senior guy with the
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intelligence committee. i'm alarmed what's happening in the intelligence community. this is a broad debate we're having and part of what we're doing today is try to stimulate that debate. we're also taking a special focus on the role of the reserve components. the guard and the reserves. this as everyone knows is a long standing source of both strength but tension in the department. i grew up in a little town everyday walked past the guard armor to go to school. i grew up having the guard. it was a presence in my life when i was a kid. we had to close the guard unit. now everybody has to drive 30 miles. we lost ours and it was part of
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the culture fabric of my hometown. i remember back when we went to war in iraq back in 1991, the president sent the defense department to war in august. but america debit -- didn't go to war until january that is when all the guard units around the country were being mobilized. we go down to the courthouse. families will tie little yellow ribbons around trees. their unit, their guardsmen went. that was when america went to war. it is one of the things that the active military doesn't appreciate. they don't understand how profoundly the guard and the reserves connect america to the military. we've become a small military relatively. communities that routinely see people in uniform are not quite
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few. we don't routinely see this in america. you see it in washington but you go -- go back to south dakota, you don't see guys walking around in uniform. most places you don't see them walking in uniform. if you do, they're guardsmen. the significance of that is this is a way that america stays connected with its military. it's a source of frustration for our active duty friends and active duty components. they see themselves in a very different way. they see themselves as being at work everyday defending the country and they look at the guard defending the country on weekends. it's not true. guardsmen are out everyday. one of the histories of the last 10 years is the remarkable capacity of reserve components to step up to this fight. four or five times when i got
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iraq you couldn't tell who was active and who was reserve. i also have to say to my good friends in the reserve components you couldn't resist without the without the active duty. it's a foundation for you. it's essential this be a constructive partnership. if we continue to have a divisive and battle over the problem. the purpose of this and the purpose to have you was to bring this perspective. i know your spirit and you're a member of the joint chiefs now and you are sitting side by side working with your counterparts on all the issues. i'm grateful to have you here.
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would you please join me with your applause welcome general frank grass. [applause] >> doctor hamre thank you so much. your comments were right on track with today. i do appreciate the opportunity to be here with such a distinguished audience. ladies and gentlemen, it's not that often you gate chance to talk to folks from all different disciplines that may not necessarily know who the guard is today. or you may have a lot of involvement with the guard of the reserves. i see it as a great opportunity to talk with you and hopefully you'll take away from this discussion as well as the panel session some great think-pieces for the future. i think this is something we need input from a lot of different segments of our think
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tanks definitely. as well as what we deal with everyday in the pentagon. we have to think out the box these days of where we're going forthe future. i wanted to start out though, as i look through the distinguished audience and the backgrounds and where you all come from. i thought it might be worthwhile for me to start by talking about who the national guard is. where do we come from and a little bit of about what was happening pre-9/11 with the guard. we were going through a transformation a bit. that was quite accelerated after 9/11 and some of the missions that we do today. but then we're going to need to change for the future. that's really where i look forward to your comments your help for the future of how should we change. how should the active and reserve come out of this in the end and take away from our last 12 years of experience in cost savings and say what's the right mix of your active component
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verses reserve component. i thought i start out real basic numbers. national guard stood up 376 years ago, massachusetts bay colonies, the militia to defend their homeland. to be able to fight and small companies were stood up at that time. we tie back our grounding to that organization up in the northeast and we spread eventually to all 54 state territories and the district of columbia. the numbers today, we were at 358,000 army guardsman that number will go down to 358,200 as part of the draw. 350,000 is where we were pre9/11. if you look at the historical trends the guard set at about 350 for the past two decades. it bumped up and down here and
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there. but for the most part around 350. on the air guard side, they were at 105,700 as part of the 2013 budget discussions and some of you heard the debate going on and there's a senate commission going on now. that number will go down to 105,400. the interesting thing as dr. hamre said, we are still close to 3000 communities across the nation. when you mobilize the guard, you're touching the communities. everyone knows someone from their hometown. i had the opportunity in the last few weeks to go out. i went out to moore, oklahoma and walked the devastated area of the tornado where the children were killed and the school and talked to residents. governor fallin was with me all
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afternoon. people were thanking the guard. we made it clear the lead organization there was the fire chief and the police chief and the ambulance and the hospitals. our folks were there. everyone knew someone. they knew specialist smith from down the street that immediately put on his uniform and showed up ready to go. they knew specialist jones and sergeant arora and all of those names. they came in and left their jobs. they knew there was a devastation that required the guard to be used. coordinated closely with the locals. when you touch the community like that, that's the foundation as dr. hamre said. people knew where those people were from pip went up to boston
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and met with governor patrick we talked through how you respond to something like a boston event, a bombing. the city of boston very proud first responders, great police force, but how do you bring in the guard to support that? then thousand you do -- then how do you do it without pushing too far? it starts can advice from the governor. we had 450 national guardsmen supporting the marathon. we had some marching the marathon. they immediately switched gears from either a security force or a participant marching in the marathon to a responder. they stepped right out but it was their hometown. it was the people they grew up with that they were responding to. that brings in that close tie. there's no way you can replace that if you lose it. the 3000 communities we touched
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are extremely important. i wanted to talk briefly about our pre-9/9/11 posture. we begin to transition a bit. in the 1980's we started to see some of our first equipment modernization in the guard. we also began to see our regional training institute stand up. we saw overseas deployment opportunities. example, 1985 national guard task force minute man into panama. 1986 task force big bear going into honduras to do infrastructure, to do medical support to the population. to work with either those militaries or those defense forces or the ministry of education or health of those organizations. we did the logistics of that.
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in the mid-80's we started to transition from a strategic reserve to being more operational and having the opportunity to pack up everything from hometown and figure out a way to get it 3000 or 4000 miles away by ship, air or land, clearly customs, move into an area and establishing a base camp in a foreign nation working with that nation to produce a humanitarian product in the end. i look back at that and on 9/11 shortly after 9/11 we first started mobilizing. i remember making calls to units had not deployed, they usually did their drills or annual training in a close by training area. i would call those that it deployed in the central and south america. couple cases even into africa. it was pretty interesting to see those that had deployed the first question you got where is my time line and budget and
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what's my list going to be. those that hadn't left had been at camp swam in the state training area for the last 20 years. the first words were usually oh what we got ourselves into. it was that mind set that we created by having those operational deployment opportunities. in addition in the 1980's and 1990's, especially in the 1990's we had the opportunity to deploy combat training center and sent brigades and our enhanced brigades had an opportunity to plan and executed deployment and do an operational mission in a training status that gave them value and grew leaders like we never had before at the brigade level. i see that as some of the change from a strategic reserve pointing us into the direction of an operational force in the
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guard. a couple unique programs that we started in the 1980's, the state partnership program. some of you may be aware where we partner a nation with a state. this really came out of the fall of soviet union and up and throughout europe. lot of countries wanted to partner with somebody. we aligned them with states. some had similar backgrounds. poland wanted a partner and we aligned them with illinois. today we have 65 state partners some state have two. many of them have deployed together but that program started really in about 1992 or 1993 time frame. some have been on with us now for 20 years. very unique but it provided opportunity with our country to align with a state and eventually get into nato and
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today, some were deployed. i give you an example, maryland is partnered with estonia and bosnia. estonia was celebrating their 20th year of partnership and bosnia 10th. boston -- i can give you hundreds of deployments like that we've done with many countries where we're taking country that's were consumers of security 20 years ago now. that are now producers of security and they want to continue to progress. it's that hometown relationship. i'll give you one example only the state partnership that is a huge benefit. the whole thing for 65 state partners, cost about $14 million a year. it is the one program that continues to do well in the
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budget discussions. to give you an example, i had a general come to me and he had a long standing partnership with the chief of defense and minister of defense. they signed a new commander to that combatant command. the first call the minister made was to the general who he known since he was a general. he says what can you tell me about this guy. what do i need to know about this combatant commander how will he work for us? what should i focus on for your country to be a part of this combatant command? it tells you the long ties they created. he was a lieutenant kernel one of the first u.s. officers to go into estonia after the wall fell. now he's the general. creates deep ties that you can only get with a foundation that stays with you for that long.
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and because of guard being a community-based organization, we're able to do that. couple other programs that began and may be even further back, the counterdrug program where each state supports local law enforcements -- agencies. they support the southwest border. each state provides aviation support to state police. whatever the state may need we have a counterdrug program that is funded to support first responders as well as -- we also have a training program to train county, local municipality police on counterdrug. those programs we provide the facility and the trainers come in from d.e.a. from some of the bigger communities within the regions. the counterdrug program has been very successful for us. it's been successful for hometown america where you have
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limited resources in some areas and that program is constantly under threat because of the budget issues. one other program that i will mention that came out was the youth challenge program. youth challenge is where we take at-risk youth. we work with the school system. the state has to pay 25% of the cost. we get 75% to run a logistic set up. we may take an installation -- i was recently visiting the d.c. guard here, they use their army as a base and they bring these students in. we provide almost like a drill sergeant for five months and these are at-risk youths. we run them through and we provide the discipline and the school system comes in and gets them guy a g.e.d. most of them are 16 or 17-year-olds that will end up in the court system at some point. that program that started
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probably more ramped up in the 1990's is still it existence today. not all states have it and they don't have the funds in some cases. it's a great opportunity for the guard through hometown america to help out those communities. there's some tremendous success stories and some of you may have been to the gala here. there's some tremendous success stories about an individual who will tell you they were on path to end up in jail. today they're productive members of society, very well educated. it's a part of a mission that fits well within our community-based organization. on federal missions in pre-9/11, we were doing as i mentioned earlier, the some missions in
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ball kins and some we supported in the no fly zone. we had troops and we had m.t. platoon. most of it was very small units and not for long time frames. very small portion of our population actually had the opportunity to mobilize. i gave you the numbers up front. you think about today, 460,000 army and air guardsmen and at that time couple two or three thousand a year getting a chance to deploy. in addition to that our international guard dating back into the 1970's. actually before that probably the late 1950's doing air control alert over the united states. today there's 40 fighters and 7 tankers. 95% of that capability comes out of the international guard. we've been doing that mission for a long time. we continue to hone that in our
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folks do that well. in the 1990's our state active duty mission had little interaction. there wasn't a j34 in the pentagon and there wasn't an achd for homeland defense. we were pretty much internal. we knew we had to get beyond being able to respond just to a state disaster. we had to ramp that up. the state established a thing called emergency management assistance compacts. so they can bring in civilian assets from one state to another in agreement between two governors and two attorney generals. then we included in that the national guard. if you're in new jersey and you get hit by a hurricane and there's a capability it doesn't reside in your state. let's say you don't have the engineer capability you need, you can reach out to the surrounding states. or you can reach out half way across the country if you want.
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as long as the governor is willing to release forces. that's really the foundation of the emergency management compact which today we use quite frequently. but again there was very little interaction on the federal and state. hurricane andrew was the largest interaction but it wasn't synchronized in effort of unit of command that point. post 9/11. i was the chief for the governor in arlington. you saw what we were doing pre-9/11. didn't realize what it happened as the buildings started to fall. i just knew that something was changing. general roger schultz was my boss and he said this is going to change what we are for the future. i was going to grasp that. somebody said get ready to
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mobilize and deploy. by the way, by next week, you got to have 6000 guardsmen at the airport. what status will they will be and who will pay the bills. 150 active installations across the u.s. needed to be closed because we were a very open military. many of you can drive right through the gates and go through fort myers. all of those installation, those depos, those storage sites for ammunition, all of that had to be closed. many of the installations at europe did not have the manpower to close those installations. we mobilized for that in title 10, federal duty. the state and the airports, we
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emotionalized those forces but the generals did it and they received the money from the federal government but the forces stayed under their command of control of the governor. very unique. later on we had this thing called winter freeze, operation winner freeze -- winter freeze. we needed to support 12 border states. commerce was backing up on the borders. three weeks of auto supplies the across between canada and the great lakes were beginning to back up. the auto industry was ready to lay off people because they couldn't get parts. the mission we got was to support customs and border protection with close to 2000 guardsmen. again what status. in this case, we had to come up with a new criteria which was a federally paid for mission so they're on federal active duty working under their active duty and then we had to detail them to customs and border
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protection. for guardsmen it's pretty easy. that's what we do everyday. we support someone in the community. another unique mission that came to us after 9/11. somewhere in the early 2000 and before 9/11 another unique mission the guard picked up which we're doing today is missile defense. ground-based interceptors. hundred perspirational arm runs through national guardsmen in colorado and vandburg, operation of centers of those in greeley. those are guardsmen trained up mostly air defense skill sets and they are the operational arm of our ground-based interceptor. even though jacobi is the individual who would employ them
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and the secretary and the president but the people who sat there everyday are the guards men and women. as we moved on and we moved into afghanistan, the air guard right off the bat had a huge part to the play. 22,000 air guardsmen mostly mobilized and most strap lift as well as fighters, 22,000. that number actually came down after the initial entourage afghanistan in 2001, 2002 time frame. in 2003 as we prepare to go across the border into iraq from kuwait, the air guard fighter capability, to build up the farms. security forces going in, transportation. we started using the air guard for something completely
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different and in some cases what support and personnel were designed to do and they stepped up to the challenge to fill those requirements. about 2003, the army guard -- we had been mobilizing a few up to that point. homeland missions, overseas missions. about 2003, 19th of january, specific date, secretary rumsfeld said prepare for the reserve component to augment the active. which for the national guard at that point, it meant on the 19th of january, we alerted 21,000 troops. we gave them anywhere from three days to seven days to pack up and move to their mobilization station. some cases hundreds of miles away. i will tell you some of the
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conversations i had with generals were pretty amazing but they really took it as a huge challenge. first thing he had to do was make sure everything was in place. all the records were in place. the medical piece was done. anyone that wasn't medically deployable, they got them out the unit and pushed in another person. additional task that they had to accomplish was the train ups. whatever traffic they were not prepared to do, they had to do that. lot of our units within 30 to 45 days arriving at the station smaller units especially the company, had to be certified, have their equipment loaded on the ship and move them on a plane overseas to a staging area within 30 to 45 days. shortly after that we had a request from force command to start looking at mobilizing brigades. we looked at our combat training
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center rotation, who was next up and we picked six brigades. those are the brigades ready to go. if you think about that going from 39 days a year training and now you're going to deploy and you could be expected to do full spectrum operation, you need more time. probably at that time the average post mobilization training time. for the most part, three to five months to certify the brigade and all of those unit have to be certified by the army before they can deploy that they got the equipment and personnel and accomplished all the training. i drew all of that out how this transitioned the guard from a strategic reserve progressing through some initial changes in the 1980's and 1990's and
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deployment now 12 years of participation in overseas operations as well as the homeland. i thought i will give you a few of the numbers. the army guard mobilized 510,000. some have had two deployment, some had three and some had four. some we had the turnover and some didn't have any. the air guard, i think the number i saw the other day to date was right at 290,000 air guardsmen. normally their deployments will be shorter periods, four to six months. some air guard have gone a year or longer. well over 700,000 or 800,000 guardsmen have been used in this war. if you look at today and this would have been unheard of 20 years ago, i pulled the numbers
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off our report this morning. on federal duty today we have 29,372 guardsmen. 22,000 of those are deployed overseas, the others are getting ready or gotten back and are going through their demobilization. in state active duty today and state status, we have 3290 guardsmen supporting the wildfires fight in colorado. supporting the air control alert in title 32 status, supporting the counter drug program in the southwest border. we are very active today in many of these mixes we've been doing for years. state missions and the change that is occurred in the state, i talked to you earlier about hurricane andrew, the biggest problem we had after hurricane andrew and the problem we had later on with hurricane katrina was unity of effort and command. about three to four years ago,
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general mckinley came together and said we need to work on this. they worked with the secretary and homeland defense. they came up with a structure called dual status command. it's a one start that will come from the state. we will run through training with fema so they understand the national incident management system. they will go through a j.t.f. commander's course and they will go through a course of study and actually office visits with the senior leadership of both d.h.s. as well as the military. that dual status commander allows general jacobi and i to certify them that they can command a control in active guard and reserve troops.
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today we have at least one in every state. most states have two and some have three. last year we used these folks for unit of effort and command. we used them probably six times. we used them for nature toe summit in chicago. we we used them for republican and democratic conventions. we used them for the fires last year in colorado. we use them for floods. whenever a governor says i might need some capability from the federal government, i'm going to stand up a dual status command. it takes one phone call and e-mail and the secretary approved it. we have been using this now. the first one was done in 2005.
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we didn't use it much in contingency operations until admiral and general mckinley met. today it's the usual customary way. the most recent one over the weekend -- actually last week when the dual status commander stood up. general jacobi brought in some forces from fort carson. colorado brought in helicopter and security and engineers and they teemed them up. i'm going to stop there. i wanted to give you a flavor of how we progressed. let me pose a few questions to you. realizing we have invested best equipped, best trained and best led guard today. we have the schools, we go to the same schools our counterparts do. given the budget constraints we have today and the fact in
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sequestration, $50 billion, $37 billion had to come out of $500 billion this year. next year might be a deeper cut. what can a nation afford in its military? what can we put in the rereserve component that can be ready at some time frame. brigades might take longer depending on what you can accomplish. what can you afford when you -- you pick the number of what the cost difference is. some studies cost -- you can buy one active unit for three reserve component units. depends on how you look at that. somewhere in that range, what do you need on the ramp today to respond to a uncertain world by the way if you look at the map all the places that can flash at any time. what can you put in your reserve component and keep it operational at some level. which is a cost. when you look at the total
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budget again, one in three one in four an also at a time when our budget, if you look at the manpower cost, the compensation dave and i were talking about this, there's a report out there that says even if we weren't under the budget control act, by 2021, 80% of the defense budget will be going to compensation if we didn't do something to change that. again going back to the reserve component being a small part. my question to you is, what can the nation afford? what should the nation afford? i try to say one or the other. i think there's a balance in there somewhere as a nation we have to find. if we can't find that balance and we start giving up reserve component units, and we get into a major operation, where are those folks going to come from? we going to go back to a draft? we don't want to do that. we got the greatest military in
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the world. i pose the question, be looking to any kind of comments you might have and looking forward to hearing for the future anything you might have as you leave here and get a chance to spend time with the air guard director and army guard and my advice. thank you. [applause] >> general grass, thank you. i'm david berteau. general grass agreed to take a couple questions. hold your questions up and staff will come by and pick up. we're going to save the easy ones for the panel. i'm going if give you a couple that the panel itself is probably not. one is of course your role now as a member of the joint chiefs of staff, can you talk a little bit about the challenges and opportunities that are afforded to the national guard because of that new role? >> sure. well, first let me say it's
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quite an opportunity to serve as a member of the joint chiefs of staff. that brings certain requirements that you better be ready to step up. when chairman dempsey getting in the tanks session. we get asked to vote on every issue. we voted on moving forces from one to another. we had input to that. we had input to women in service. today we have nine guard brigade that's are transitioning a more skill sets to women in service. to have an opportunity for them to serve in a number of our combat skills. we voted on same sex marriage. any issue that comes up inside of the task, we have a -- tank, we have a vote on. the challenge is the national
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guard bureau staff hasn't had the opportunities to work at that level. we're working very closely with the army and air force to say we've got great people but there's some positions we need opportunities to fill. we need to ensure that everyone on the n.g.b. staff, the national guard bureau staff, is focused at the strategic level. we're doing a strategic realignment now which we're briefing later this week to say, okay, clark and bill ingram, they do the operational and relationship with the state. we work very closely with the general but let's keep our focus at the strategic level so when questions do come up we've got the background. the real value that i see that we have to provide for the chairman, for the president and for the joint chiefs, how does all of this come together in a state when you have to employ
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100,000 troops some day to a new matter earthquake. how does that happen? how do we do that? i think also as we looked to the future in the joint chiefs, i found that during hurricane sandy i didn't know what i was getting into up front. i immediately communitied with the general. not in the affected states but the surrounding states to have a better understanding of the status of their forces, the capability, the readiness, how long it will take them to move in if the governor ask for under management assistance compact, how long will it take them to get there. i had that information flowing to me. i found there was real value added setting with secretary panetta being able to provide that level of detail.
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looking forward though, now we're getting into a thing called national guard strategic planning system which actually later today we're going to brief to secretary carter. to say how do you identify those more complex catastrophe events. something that is nested under general jacobi's ability, under defense support civil authority, how do i determine what the states need working with the states to respond to disasters. you can pretty well pick across the country where those worse case scenarios are. i need to better understand the state requirement so i can come to the pentagon and vote wisely the future structure for the guard >> thank you, it's kind of interesting that both you anded admiral comes from north com.
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second question and then we'll let you get back to your duty. in your posture statement for the year u mentioned we shouldn't rely too much on cost as the big driver of size and readiness of national guard but other factors should come into play. you hinted at some factors in your talk this morning. i wonder if you can elaborate on the additional factors that without to be brought to determine the size and readiness of the guard? >> sure. two things limit oh let me -- let me start by saying when we talk about cost, the army guard today is about 9% of total obligation authority for significant percentage of the force. but that doesn't tell the full story. you cannot separate us from our federal reserve -- federal relationship with the army and
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air force. because the research and development we don't pay for. the equipment comes to us from the service through the acquisition programs. the training base for basic training. we don't run basic training. we do run r.t.i. facilities where we train active guard reserve. we really look to our service partners to give us that. we are so tied on our federal mission to those services that sometimes the numbers can get lost a bit. so you have to take that into equation when you start thinking about split of the budget for the future. the second question, i think one of the things we will deal with in the future as we get beyond the budget, the guard brings tremendous value. there's going to be new mission sets. i told someone the other day and i was reading this thing about 30 years from now where you have -- your platoon will be robots.
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that may be far fletched but the technology is there today. you think about what happened. i think there's a lot of opportunities for the guard both to continue to support our federal mission partners and the air force and army and have to capability and that control that we grow inside of our leaders that we get that from our federal mission that we do everyday and provide support to the state. cyber is an area that i think we're going to have huge capability for the future. i was saturday visiting unit here in virginia that was in annual training. division headquarters, two star command. they had a huge draft that sets. on three acres. the networking in that facility is phenomenal. i talked to all the staff -- i
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was talking to the members of that unit that are in that division. they're in their annual training two week period. the current kernel chief works for i.t.t., he owns five patents in the civilian capacity. the network administrator inside the division, a captain, works for a large i.t. firm. he told me he said, you've really got some good stuff here in the military. he said we got junk on my side. what i found over and over is that skill set that our guards men and women bring is a real treasure. you can find about any discipline that you want in addition to their military status. they want to serve and they want to be challenged. i see as we go forward and in today's warfare, i remember listening to fourth infantry brigade when he returned from afghanistan. one point he made was one third of his mission was security.
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two-thirds of his mission were infrastructure, development, reestablishing security forces, police forces, water, electric, you name it. i think that's where the guard has a great future because of our many skill sets. these are the type of things we're going to deal with. ....
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[captioning performed by national captioning institute] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2013] resume the program now. it is always a testament to the key speaker tohe parts and the audience still remains. i think that, in large part, is due to the panel that we have falling appear this morning. i will introduce them. they will each have an opportunity to make some remarks and then we will turn to the questions. i have a few questions left over from the general's comments. razor do not have a card, hand and we will get you one. if you'd -- raised your hand and we will get you one.
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from ourick one up staff and get that to our senior fellows. berteau, the director of the international security program. and it is my pleasure to have with me this morning that three generals who have to carry into general talkhe about this morning. i mean native of south louisiana and i grew up with the guard. i primarily saw them as the people who showed up when we had a hurricane coming. and i guess sandy was and that was after me. in louisiana, we actually activated the hurricane -- the
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national guard when the hurricane warnings went up. that was part of our advance preparation. for me, it was a very important part of my life, the guard. that is why i am so pleased to be here with you today with the distinguished gentleman that we have on stage. i'll introduce the three of them and they will take some moments for remarks and then we will open it up for questions. to my immediate left is the vice chief of the national guard bureau. he came to this from a really easy job as the defense attache in egypt where nothing was going on. commissioned through the officer training corps out of north texas state university in denton. oft to him is the director the army national guard, commissioned in 1972 as a distinguished graduates from officer candidate school from what was then called the north carolina military academy in
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fort bragg. i do not know if it is still in existence by that name, but we are still turning out a lot of fine soldiers there. he is now the director of the army national guard. he is responsible for guiding the formulation and development of the programs and policies for the 350,000 national guard the general described. to his left is the director of the air national guard. he has responsibility for only over 100,000 air guardsmen across some 230 locations are around the country and around the world. the commission in 1981 as a graduate in the reserve officer training program. he had a much easier assignment as defense attache. i think that was in turkey. nobody gets the easy ones you're like -- actually, i don't know where there are any easy once anymore, now that i think about it. to the generalrn
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and then proceed down the table. >> good morning, everyone. it is an honor to be here. just the fact that the national -- to talkre is about our capabilities and role in the department of defense is a testament to where we have come. the transformation of the national guard in the last 10 or 15 years, i don't think it went out the contribution that we are making to national defense -- anyone is doubting our contribution to national for the defense today. the question is how we maintain the operational force that is yet to come. we have made a great investment in the national guard in terms of people, equipment, and training. and we have been engaged operationally throughout the
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world and remains so today, and mike ever before. and we feel like that investment is something we want to maintain and reap the benefits of it going forward. the main part that the general has been working on is to maintain operational force. how we get our fiscal house in order and maintain the best buch -- the best bang for our buck. how do we become even more lean? do we invest in our community of interests so that we can continue to develop and transform into a better and more able organization? that looks at three things, the members themselves. involved to the point where we can serve in the various roles with our counterparts across the agency to get into the positions where we can support a four-star position as the joint chiefs of staff? and finally, to look ahead to the future.
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what is it that the national gardening is to become, divest, transformed, and what new missions to we need to take on? what is the best fit for the national guard and the future as we go forward? i am an optimist. when you look across the street at the pentagon from here, there is the tendency to see this big black cloud sitting over it. as we talk about the woes of trying to find $2 billion a week every week for the next 10 years if sequestration were to fully hit, that means we need to do things differently. but because of this investment that we have made in the national guard, i am an optimist in that we have a tremendous tool to use in this reserve component going forward. never have we been more ready or capable. as the financial burden comes across, it is entirely possible that we may have to find ways to leverage the combat capability and the contributions both at
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the federal and state sense to use the reserve components going forward. it comes down to four major questions as to how we can leverage that tool. the general touched on pretty much all of them. it comes down to whether the national guard can get there fast enough. anytime someone can draw an ever out there and show you a certain cost, someone else can trump you and show you a different cost. getting agreement on the cost is one of my favorite statements that i will steal from dr. patrick. number you are not manipulated yourself. we do that routinely, and sometimes to the pentagon, and sometimes not in the best interest of buteau enterprise. next, we can use the guard. one thing that has fundamentally changed about the national guard is not only the use and activity, but the expectation that they will be used.
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39 days is no longer anyone's expectation of the guard. and rather than watch some of these old tv shows that show the national guard as a place to serve as a refuge from combat, it is anything but. people get into the guard because they want to travel. they get into the guard because they want to be members of a full spectrum action combat unit. we are proud of that. should we make this transition at this point and decide not to do that, it will have an adverse impact on the national guard and their ability to recruit. as you said, cleaning up after hurricanes, that is not just what they are any more. not what they could be leveraged to be in the future going forward. >> although they are still damn good at it. >> they are. blowing up see bombs and in boston or hurricanes in the gulf, or tornadoes in the
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oklahoma, the national guard is there. and we are trained by a the armed services. the final question that i think it's sometimes harder to assess is whether the national guard is the same quality force, the same rate as force. the service and the national guard and engagement, i think 2005 and iraq at the time and eight of them were national guard. the ring gauge at the highest level across the spectrum of conflict. i do not think the national guard is tired. i do not think they're looking for an opportunity to take a need. i think the national guard is engaged and will stay engaged in the future at an even greater rate. with that, i am an optimist. right now, the national guard is poised to make a great
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contribution to the national defence and remains so in the future. in fact, i will turn it over to my colleague. thank you. >> thank you for the opportunity to be here. it is an honor to join you today. i am proud to represent the 358,000 soldiers of the army national guard in the united states. it is the best equipped, best lead organization that we have had in our 376-year history. right now, 25,000 of our soldiers are mobilized across the world, including 10,000 in oef today. since 9/11, there have been more than 520,000 mobilizations of national guard soldiers. at the same time, and the guard soldiers continue to fulfill obligations to our communities. last year, the army guard served
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over 447,000 man days conducting missions. a slow year for us. one message i would like to leave with you today is that citizen soldiers will continue to play pivotal role defending our states and territories as well as the nation. to this end, we worked every day to strengthen the army national guard's 21st century capabilities. the evolutionary path that we have taken over the past 12 years underscores that fact. the value of the national guard was recently reinforced in a letter written on the fifth of june to congress on behalf of the state governors that urged congress to fully utilize the national guard's cost-effective is at high skill level, to maintain critical of capabilities for the federal government and the state's while reducing the overall size and cost of our nation's military. as the governor's point out,
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utilizing today's guard is essential in our country's defense. our strength is on four key elements. first, the army national guard is cost-effective. there are independent studies that have already been mentioned that confirmed that the army national guard soldier delivers operational impact and strategic depth at about one- third the cost of his active duty counterpart. in terms of sheer scale, the army national guard and contributes 39% of the armies operating forces for 12% of its budget. koplan in the active army and the army reserve and providing a vital -- complimenting the active army and the army reserve and providing a vital capability. also provide a balanced force for employment overseas as well as domestic emergencies. the reason the guard is good at doing the domestic mission is because we are a man trained,
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equipped, and organized by federal forces as federal forces. a combat reserve of the army. the army reserve does other things, but the preponderance of the combat forces and the reserve components in the army are in the army national guard. second, the army national guard responds rapidly. the past dozen years of war have shown that they can be validated and deployed well within the timelines of commanders. the experience of deploying repeatedly in the past decade has honed this training regiment postficantly and reduced mobilization time. the army forced generations cycle provide a rotating pool about 55,000 to 60,000 army guardsmen available for
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employment each year. completes --s size most company and its complete their training in approximately 30 days. combat teams average 50-80 days of training. and again, it all depends. the active army takes about that long as well, depending on what level you go into that training regimen. but to go into a platoon, it takes the longer. if you go into a company level playing, it does not take one as long. and while predictability of training is preferable, the last decade has made the guard more ready to respond to no notice of overseas continue teas than we ever were in the past. thirdly, the army national guard is accessible. of last several years deploying soldiers have enabled the department of defense to collect information on the
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procedures for deployment. fourth, the army national guard is fully capable, whether it is brigade combat teams conducting full operations in afghanistan or all small units and executing security operations and exercises and other places in the world. the army national guard has accomplished every mission has been decided -- been assigned. in katrina, 80,000 -- whether it 80,000 morea, deployed overseas and 50,000 converged on the gulf coast and they were there in time to rescue as well as recovery operations. governors across the nation have depended on our units to save lives and properties in the face of danger and disaster for decades and years and years and
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years. national guardon strings are a direct result of decades of deployment and the keyless his experience that we have gained in the war fight for the last 12 years. i appreciate the opportunity to be with you today and i will turn it over. >> good morning. it is a pleasure to be here. i always feel welcome when i come to a place that smells like pancakes when you walk in the door. [laughter] a lot of discussion about the national guard, who we are, what we do, and where we are. than, and it'll more 100,000 -- a little more than 100,000 air national guardsman. they are fully trained and experienced personnel that want
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to come to work in the air national guard. they come and they loved it and they're happy to be members of the national guard. 89 wings, in all 50 states and territories. we have mission types that extend across the united states portfolio. every single function that the air force does, we are part of it. i did we do it very well. and i will talk to while i think we do in just a moment. -- i will talk to why i think we doing just a moment. when there were to talk about is the readiness. the air force made a decision years ago that its reserve and international -- air national guard would be as ready as the regular force members when it comes to war. that was a huge investment and decision that went beyond just talking about a volunteer force. it was about how to posture the forces to commit to a combat environment.
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because of that, we have outstanding cooperation and we go overseas. you'll hear multiple times people tell you they cannot tell the difference between a member or the air force reserve, th air national guard when they served together. when we talk about active component and reserve component, it you want to talk about what we can do and what we can change, one thing that has to be the foundation of understanding is that the air national guard can do any mission it is tasked to do if it is given the proper resources. and you set the exhortations high enough, that is a big part of it. -- u.s. set the expectations high enough, that is a big part of it. fighter weapons school and things like that make a big impact on the national guard. today, we still have high readiness, and the airport values that in many ways. it is somewhat a core value of
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the air force, to be as ready as possible when you're called upon. a littlented to talk bit about the operational force. in fact, i think it is key. as members of the total force, the readiness along with the you will be operational force is big. our members look for the opportunity to serve side-by- side their force chairman. force airmen.r they're very happy when they are deployed. the broadest conversations you will see or have with members of the national guard is when they have been deployed side by side with their other total force brethren in doing missions for
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the nation. and they're also very proud when they are deployed at home, when they're pulling things off of houses and looking for victims and tornadoes, .arthquakes, hurricanes sandy u.s.c. another piece of pride come out of the guardsmen when they have those missions -- you will see another piece of pride, out of the guardsmen when they have those machines at home. proud to be a member of that, not just a director of the air national guard. a big change for me in the operational force came in the 1990's when we were asked to step up and be part of the air expeditionary force. that is, the mission to be as good as anybody else with regard to the components that serve in the service. we were put on the first string when it came to the expeditionary force. and people stepped up to it.
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they realized more deployment, more time away from home, but that was the beginning. and that folded into the last decade when we served in the iraqi freedom and enduring freedom. guardsman proud to serve in an operational force and i see them being supported by their families and employers. pillars, if you will, to the total force. the first one is standards. we all meet the same standards in the air force. you cannot tell the difference between an f-22 pot -- pilot in the national guard and one in the air force. that is because the air force said the template, if you will, for how we would be structured. meeting the same standards is part of that. the second is inspections. we all meet the same inspections. if you expect to be tier one ready, ready to lock the door on day one with little mobilization time, whether it is a few days,
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we, you got to be ready to go. -- a week, you've got to be ready to go. the third part of the killers is the operational force i was talking about. you will do this either in rotational demand, whether -- right now, that is 1-5 reserve components. that is an expectation that he will meet. could significantly change the life of the guardsmen for one-three years. it will be a big deal if that happens. anybody wears his uniform and the guard has to understand that. and the fourth pillar is reece corzine. that makes the third thing happen correctly. ing.s resource that have -- has to happen
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correctly. i'll be happy to answer any questions. thank you for your time. >> thank you for that well- rounded survey, if you will. i have about 40 questions here, but among the going to ask one and then turn to our says he had to catch some of the questions that you all have been circulating. if you still have questions written on your cards. the mob and staff will collect them. i want to touch on the readiness issue. it seems to me, for the active forces, readiness questions are fairly linear. how much readiness -- how much money you have, where will you cut, and can live with the consequences? the questions are more complicated. it is not only ready as for what, but you have to balance
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federal responsibilities and state responsibilities, as you pointed -- hinted at in your questions. and you also have to compensate for a less for the active component, which adds to complexity to your situation. how do you deal with those challenges? this is a question for all three of you. the issue of the day's readiness. the discussion, as we have had in the pentagon over the recent weeks in terms of how to go forward and where is their money to be saved, once you have the force is built, the glovin bought, and the people trained, forces in-- the piltz, the equipment bought, and people trained, readiness is incremental. for us in the guard, i would argue that they are no different, the readiness issues, for us than where you look at
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people with equipment, training facilities, and all of those things are impacted. we cut things first that do not actually impact our availability and saving people's lives. we let our equipment become less ready. and in overtime this becomes harder to dig ourselves out of it. our questions are the same. those are the times where we increase our readiness in 39 days. the army national guard costs about $300 -- $300 million. it is much less than that for the air national guard because it's much less people. ready want to become a that is how much money we have.
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are looking at in the national guard, we're looking at the federal side and the states that and determine what kinds of equipment and people we need to keep. variousok at catastrophes that may happen, we determine what we need to keep ready in response. >> i absolutely agree with what he said. one thing i would like to point federaleadiness for the mission and readiness for the state missions do not really compete with each other. you heard the general talking 2019 --siting with the 29th infantry division. not're ready and it does really matter of their in-state mission command and control for
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an earthquake or if they were in iraq or afghanistan during a combat mission. the skill sets that you use are almost the same. when you talk about readiness, you can only be as ready as your resourced. as we move into this next year of reduced resources, we will have to be very careful to pick and choose what training exercises we do. and everybody in the force, you know, the army with the army force generation model, it is really a methodology for having side like -- cyclical readiness. as you are preparing to deploy to afghanistan or iraq, we focus the resources on the next to deploy units. in the case of the army national guard, it is an available cycle
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of one year in every five. and we're still looking to do that level of resources in. have about one-fifth of the source, about 60,000 soldiers, available in the cycle every year. and the type of forces that are available in that year are cross-section of the army national guard. , units, combat support, combat service units. that is for our federal mission, which has as freddie for the state mission as well. forught to -- as us ready the state mission as well. we have to be careful about how the equipment as ready as it can , --me a base on resources
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as ready as it can be, based on the resources, for things like hurricane sandy or other responses during the season. with that, i will turn it over. >> you kind of reflect on the regular forces and their readiness. the chief staff of the air force and the secretary of the air force are committed to whatever size the air force is and however we are composed, we will keep the redding as high. -- keep the readiness high. had toy, the air force ground some squadrons due to sequestration and oco bills that had to be paid. and that hurt readiness, no doubt. but it is also a complement to we're able because .o apply the readiness forces
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i would hope that we would all maintain the same readiness in the out years. toone more point, this goes the operational use of each component. there's a certain readiness that comes from using that unit. when we go to bosnia or to the horn of africa as an operational force, that replaces in some cases the training that someone has to do. that is why it is so imperative that the army national guard involved.nt and it helps us maintain a higher level of readiness while doing an operational mission. >> thank you. let me turn to the questions from the audience. fryer and stephanie stanek r. arciero senior fellows. our two senior fellows.
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i will turned over to you. this is an amalgam of a couple of questions that came in from the audience. we resetwould say, as from iraq and afghanistan and look to the future and deal with an era of increasingly tight resources, what are the acquisition priorities for the particularly the two components? and then overall as you look forward? and where are there areas that we can take some risk or other areas that we're oversubscribed in capability? areas that you feel we are covered on risk? >> the last part of your question about where you take risk, one of the discussions that we will have is about the active component and the reserve
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component next. mix. one of the questions you have to ask yourself is what threats we face now and what we face in the future. will we face one in 10 years, 20 years? questiongs up the about how big a force that we have or need. how quickly do they have to get to the fight? and how long will the force stay there deployed? is one of the questions rafter ask about what you're doing in the future. -- that you have to ask about what you are doing in the future. >> your question has to do with where we take risks, but also what are the acquisition priorities for the future. we have to be careful because of our dual mission. we need to have the equipment and -- and atdad
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a retinas level -- readiness level to the mission. we are cross all 50 states, the territories and the districts. capabilities in each state. all disasters are local. the national guard has a certain again, available capability in each state for the domestic mission. on the other side, a brigade combat teen is a brigade combat team is a brigade combat team. theirstill going to do readiness cycles for this foreseeable future, the same thing we have done in the last 10, 12 years in being ready for the war fight.
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resources will be centered and focus on the available cycles as the trang model moves forward. model movesaining forward. >> before we get to our next question, i want to let you know that a lot of the parts we have been receiving have the first line that reads, "thank you for your service." appreciation of for everything that you have done. my question is a little bit more about cyber security. the guard straddles in many cases between the department of defense and the department of homeland security. andink the cyber security cyber terrorism is an area where a lot of people are talking about one is a risk that is acceptable.
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this was reflected on several of the cards that we received. the role of the guard in approaching cyber security and fiber terrorism, when you look out over the next 10, 20 years, how does the guard play in that arena? turn it over and let the army national guard and the air national guard talk about their service areas. clearly, there's a lot of discussion about cyber security in the government in general. one question is what is the component mix. we have and engage in cyber security for quite some time, but we have just been putting from alla force model of the services. we have an opportunity to build it kind of from the ground at and think through the best places -- the ground up and then
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through where the best places are. attributes and civilians bill sets that are resident within the reserves, and we have capabilities with people with unique cyber skills sets that are sometimes able to bring the newest, leading-edge capabilities to the savard domain. and they are already well trained -- to the cyber domain. and they're already well trained and understand it. where do we expect the cyber attacks to hit? oftentimes, we think they will go after the networks of the banks and the systems and the pieces that will hurt our economy, our power grid, all of those things in the civilian sector. we feel like the national guard will work in these sectors and sometimes have
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the ability to see and do those things and fix them and go in and clean them up. goingallenges that we're to right now is that we think it is important that whenever we build in the reserves and in the national guard, we feel it is important to build the same capability, the same standards that we have talked about before. so that we are integral and replaceable for the pieces of the federal title 10 mission domain. discussion ongoing for how we build that and can continue to do it. i will turn it over to my colleagues. >> right now, we have army national guard soldiers working as soldiers at nsa and have been for the last 10 years. there are a couple of units in the army national guard that are deployed and working in the cyber reno. arena.
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but they're very small and selective. the real question is about authorities. at u.s.being worked out cyber, and other places. do they have the authority to get into the networks of civilian corporations, for example, in the banking industry and the power grid and others? there's a lot of reluctance. attack another country by toktracking who is trying get into our networks, is that an act of war? does congress need to be involved? there are a lot of fundamentally large portions dealing with cyber when you get down into
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the -- a large questions dealing with cyber when it down into the tactical part. and because of doctrine and training and others, they need to be trained to look like the other units of the army. the army is working very diligently right now. we are standing of some units at the direction of u.s. cyber,, all of the services are. com, all of the services are. signal combination of intelligence and operations. you put these disciplines together to come up with cyber. the army is still working on what their cyber structure is going to look like for the future. it takes people and training to
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figure out what the military occupational specialties will be for the people in the cyber arena. that is still being worked out. whenever the active army stand up for cyber units, the army national guard will have similar units spread across the 54 states, territories and the district. as an aside to that, in a non- title 10 status, they may not be able to state their domestic missions depending on how they are called and what authorities are available. >> sometimes it brings remarkable clarity to a subject when you talk about the people and the mission. i have a slide and i will show it to you, but it is one of our
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network squadrons and they're over 30 icons and agencies that guardsmen worked for in their civilian world. they actually do i.t. things related to that company. when you think about that, for the individual, that is tremendous networking that you get when you get together with all of those different companies on a regular basis. it is a great value to the nation that we have these people that are serving in that capacity. an employer says, and these once a month they will come together and share ideas on computer technology and defense fund -- and how to do things. that is a strength. what a fabric that makes for security. if i had one of those individuals in my squadron, i would grow would try to figure how to get more of those employees in my straka -- in my squadron not only will you task
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orient them and professionalize them even further, but the network is big. cyber has a natural place in the guard. >> there are a number of questions on these transitions to strategic operational reserves and the guardsman's capability as an operational reserve. it would be useful to hear some specifics on your goals to on what theedge guard has achieved in the last decade. what are your priorities? address whether there is some tension now if the active component is certain to decline, is their attention -- is there tension with increasing the operational reserve focus?
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what we have all been saying, our capabilities to do our state machine comes from our ability to do the federal mission. we are organized as a combat reserve for the united states air force and the army. are you do that well, we able to crosswalk those capabilities and become the eventual 10 capabilities. i will not name them all for you, but think of everything we use in the homeland, transportation, logistical, all those things that enable us to respond that come from our fulfilling our title 10 duty. we are trying to identify as we talk to an army and air force would reduce resources, incifically what is we need
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combat and engagements. what is specifically we need in terms of operational use of the national guard to maintain us at a brightness level where we feel we can maintain what we have leverage in the last 15 years to what we are now. the operational engagement, that we get from -- the offer relational engagement that we get from working with some of our state -- the operational engagement that we get from working with marcey partners, it taking us to a whole nother level. 40-year celebration of the release of the prisoners of war in vietnam, one of which was my dad, who was six years as a guest of the vietnamese.
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i want to talk about how we work together to do search and rescue and events support of authority, all of which we are experts at in the guard. the thing agents maintained us a higher operational force, and still at a reduced cost of the business model of the full-time force. >> the tension is all about money. guardsman is on active duty, it costs the same amount theoney from the army or air force as it does to have a regular army or air force soldier or airman on duty.
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the more army national guardsmen that are on duty every day, it diminishes the the number of active-duty soldiers you can pay for with the same amount of money. that is where the tension is. that beingquestion operational enhances the capabilities of the national guard in general, and certainly the people involved. it is leader development, the opportunity to get out of the state and see what goes on in the big world. operational is good. that can be building partner capacity somewhere in the world a commander.or it is just as important to do humanitarian missions in south and central america. we've been doing that since the 1980's.
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that you areything doing now your exercising command and control. in training missions we have of the the past, a lot annual training missions, specifically in europe, where our maintenance units have gone to some of the depots that we and maintained in europe fixed stuff for a couple of weeks. the ability to get outside and exercise command and control in a place that you are not used then operationalizing guard. opportunities, again, were you trained like to where you train 95, are great opportunities and we want to continue to do that.
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-- where you train like to fight, those are great adversity and we want to continue to do that. >> i think your question had to do with tension between to it -- between title 32 entitled 10 with regard to performing the nation's, is that it? -- the missions, is that it? >> yes. >> i have not seen that, but we have trained for the federal mission. some tough scenarios that expand the operational engagement that we have been talking about. i think it seasons our leaders, seasons our people, so that as we face disasters at home, we perform well. it is important that the governors have those forces. the national guard, you would not think we do as much as the army national guard does with disasters at home, but we do quite a bit. because we have people that are full -- pulled forward? our task organized and they follow direction. -- pulled forward that are task
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organized and they follow direction. in extreme situations, is off the louisiana we had guardsmen in place where it was not very pleasant, to tell you the truth. because the need for people to even go see some psychological counseling for some of the stuff they had seen. not everybody, but in some cases. that is pretty desperate, things you would see in places overseas in combat. i did it important to continue to train to be as good as we can -- i think it is important to continue to train at to be as good as we can. i think that is the definition of the title 10 mission. >> we are reaching the end of our time. one of the things that are -- that the guard is very good at, readiness, and giving governors to sign letters at the drawer
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of a hat when there are signs of tension. 13 of may,iday, 2005, when there was an f-16 air national guard base that i'm pretty sure on may 12, the governors of those states did not know they have a base. the evening of the 13th, it was the last thing that stood between civilization and the savings of -- the saving of those f-16 bases. thanks inumber of would like to put out. i would like to thank our panel for staying true and giving us their insights. i would like to thank general gratz forry is insights this morning. either bring of the news challenge, not the program that has been around for 20 years.
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this month is the 20th anniversary of the statutory creation of that program. and in two days, in this room, csis will be hosting a challenging commemoration of that event. i would like you all to check your calendars and be back. and on the 26th, the chief of the national guard bureau will be here as our lunchtime speaker. panel director, etcetera you foro thank all of being with us today. ouri want to reiterate thanks for the underwriters of this panel. thanks to all of you. and thanks to you, downin. -- gentleman.
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thank you very much. [captioning performed by national captioning institute] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2013]
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>> the u.s. house fully back in session in about an hour at 5:00 p.m. eastern for legislative work with a handful of bills dealing with public lands. the legislation spotlight will be on two bills this week, one sponsored by an arizona republican that bans abortions after 20 weeks. lawmakers will also take up the farm bill. excuse me, agriculture and nutrition programs for the next five years. julie rasner is the health correspondent for npr. arizona lawmakers taking out banning abortion after 20 weeks of pregnancy?
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>> we are not sure where they are taking it out after it was just introduced a couple of weeks ago we were not sure it was way to make it at all. it definitely got marked up in the said committee. >> there has been a change to the bill since it was marked off and approved in the judiciary committee last week. what is that change and why was this language added? >> that is right, the leader of the house, the day after the bill was mark dykema added that they would add an exception -- theyd up, and added that would add an exception to the bill. after 20 weeks of pregnancy, with the exception of the life of a woman being threatened. now they are adding cases of incest and rape. he sponsor of the bill said thought abortions in the case of
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rape are rare. what he meant was abortions after 20 weeks resulting from rapes were rare. democrats and to that language with it.-- and ran they decided they would add to the bill, even the amendments failed. the bill is going to be managed by marshawn blackburn in tennessee, who is not even a member of the judiciary committee that the bill emerged from. >> why do you think this is happening? >> the republicans are very sensitive. last year, the candidates running for senate from as are also made comments about the unlikelihood of getting pregnant after rate. he ended up losing his race, even though he was the probative favorite at the time. republicans are very sensitive to this, and even of the comment
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was taken a little bit out of context, they are very sensitive about that. i wanted to know why marcia blackburn would be managing this bill even though she is not on the committee. there is not a female republican on the judiciary committee. they did not have a woman. they have to turn to someone else to get a republican managed to build. >> what has been the response from democrats on the measure? >> democrats hate it and say that it is basically unconstitutional. which republicans direct knowledge. the supreme court has been pretty clear on this, that abortion cannot be banned before fetal viability, which pretty much everyone on both sides agree is about 23 weeks and later of pregnancy. and the fact is 20 weeks, an appeals court just a few weeks ago struck down a similar arizona law. they're hoping by pushing this for recommendation to making a political statement about how
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much americans do not like abortions later in pregnancy, but what they are saying is that if it should pass and get to the supreme court, given the unlikely senate of the -- makeup of the senate's and the presidentt that the would sign it if it does pass, but as it stands now, it does violate current supreme court precedents on abortion. >> let's go back to the committee markup last week. what was that like? >> it was pretty testy. similar bill last year that only applied to the district of columbia. and number of states have passed these kinds of lies, and the justification that they have used -- these kinds of laws, and the justification that they have used of 20 weeks, that it is a scientifically disputed theory. that is the justification that
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is being passed. the bill would have only apply to the district of columbia, because again, congress overseas laws in the district of columbia. they have put on the floor, but under suspension of the rules, which requires a two-thirds majority. and it did not get the supermajority it needed. the bill is coming with rule the only means a simple majority, so it is much more likely that it will pass. similars went through markup that we have seen over the years as the judiciary committee and the republicans have been talking about how abortion is horrible and the givingts will talk about the right to choose to the woman. and particularly later in pregnancy with a difficult medical situations when they should have this right. >> the bill is coming up
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tuesday, and as you said, you think it will pass. who are you watching most closely? democrat- fairly republican split. there are some democrats to vote anti-abortion. this was an issue when the affordable care act came up. there were many democrats worried about abortion votes and wanting to maintain their anti- abortion voting record. many of them got voted out in 2010. there are not quite as many of them as there used to be. it is largely party-line issue, but not exclusively. there are also a few republicans who are abortion rights backers these days. that has become a much more rare sight. i'll be interested in this particular bill, because it violates current supreme court precedence. it will be interesting to see how many rps are willing to go
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out sort of on a limb, if you will. this is stretching the bounds of how far you can go on an abortion bill and still be considered, you know, within the realms of i think what the public really supports. >> what's likely to happen in the senate, if this bill does pass the house? >> well, it's hard to say. i don't think the senate would take up the bill as it is. but i could see someone trying to attach this to some other bill and try to force the vote, perhaps try to force some of the democrats from some of that's -- some of the democrats who were in maybe tough races, to have to take a vote on this to make this a difficult vote. i can definitely see that happening. >> and very quickly, how about the obama administration? what is their take? >> i don't believe they said as of now, but it would be hard to imagine the president supporting this bill or doing anything except promising to veto is. >> thanks for your time. >> thank you. >> well, president obama
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arrived in northern ireland this morning for two days of meetings with g-8 leaders. the focus of those talks aimed at syria and the u.s. decision last week to arm the regime's armed forces. the president is meeting with prime minister david cameron and vladimir putin. at this hour he's taking part in a working dinner. shortly after his arrival this morning, the president spoke to a crowd of about 2,000 guests, mostly students, at waterfront hall in belfast. during his 40 minutes of remarks, he called on students to take responsibility for their country's future and push leaders to drive toward peace. the president was introduced by first lady michelle obama. >> thank you so much. [applause] >> thank you. thank you so much. good morning. what an honor. good morning, everyone.
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first of all, let me thank hannah for that very bold and wonderful introduction and, of course, i want to thank all of you for being here today. it is such a pleasure to be here in belfast. and as you might imagine, whenever we travel to places like this or anywhere else in the world, we've got a pretty packed schedule. we're meeting with presidents and prime ministers and first ladies. we're visiting historical sites and attending state dinners. and my husband is spending hours trying to make progress on global issues from trade to international security. but wherever we go, no matter what's on our plate, we always do our best to meet with young people just like all of you. in fact, you all might just very well be some of the most important people that we talk to during our visits, because in just a couple of decades you will be the ones in charge.
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yes, indeed, you will be the ones shaping our shared future with your passion and energy and ideas. so when i look around this room, i don't just see a bunch of teenagers, i see the people who will be moving our world forward in the years ahead, and that's why we wanted to be here today. let me tell you, when i was your age, i never dreamed that i'd be standing here as first lady of the united states. and i know that my husband never thought he'd be president either. neither of us grew up with much money. neither of my parents went on a universities. barack's family left his family when barack was just 2 years old. he was raised by his mom. all along there were plenty of people who doubted that kids like us had what it took to succeed, people who told us not to hope for too much or set our
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sights too high. but barack and i refused to let other people define us. instead, we held tight to those values we were raised with, things like honesty, hard work, . commitment to our education we did our best to be open to others, to give everyone we met a fair shake, no matter who they were or where they came from. and we soon realized that the more we lived by those values, the more we'd see them from other people in return. we saw that when we reached out and listened to somebody else's perspective. that person was more likely to listen to us. if we treated a classmate with respect, they'd treat us well in return, and that's sort of how we became who we are today. that's how we learned what
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leadership really means. it's about stepping outside of your comfort zone to explore new ideas. it's about rising above old divisions. it's about treating people the way you want to be treated in return. and as young people, you all are in a very powerful position to make some of those same choices yourselves. you have the freedom of an open mind. you have a fresh perspective that can help you find solutions to age-old problems. and with today's technology, you can connect with other young people from all over northern ireland and all around the world. so right now you've got a choice to make. you've got to decide how you're going to use those advantages and opportunities to build the lives you dream of, because that decision will determine
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not only the kinds of people you'll become, but also the kinds of communities you'll live in, the kind of world we'll all share together. and stagging here with all of you today i have -- standing here with all of you today i have never felt more optimistic, let me tell you, because time and again i have seen young people like all of you choosing to work together, choosing to lift each other up, choosing to leave behind the conflicts and prejudices of the past and create a bright future for us all. and that's what's so powerful about your generation. and again, that's why we're here today, because we want you to know that we believe in each and every one of you. that is exactly why we're here. we believe that you all have the ability to make a mark on this world that will last for generations to come.
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so we are so proud of you. we expect great things. so with that, i think it would be a good opportunity for me to introduce someone who accompanied me here today. [laughter] i let him travel with me every now and then. but he is someone who is just as excited and delighted to deliver a message of encouragement and support to all of you, my husband, the president of the united states, barack obama. cheers and applause] >> thank you. thank you so much. thank you. [cheers and applause]
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thank you very much. thank you. thank you. please be seated. please. ell, hello, belfast. hello, northern ireland. you now know why it's so difficult to speak after michelle. she's better than me. [laughter] but on behalf of both of us, thank you so much for this extraordinarily warm welcome. and i want to thank hannah for introducing my wife. we had a chance to speak with hannah backstage, and she's an extraordinary young woman, who i know is going to do even greater things in years to come. i want to thank two men who i've hosted at the white house on many a st. patrick's day for their warm welcome. first minister peter robinson and [applause]
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and deputy first minister mark mcguiness. [applause] i spend the whole year trying to unit washington around things, and they come to visit on st. patrick's day and they do it in a single afternoon. [laughter] secretary hank the of state for northern ireland. [applause] to all the ministers in the audience. .o lord maier [applause] and i want to thank all the citizens of belfast and northern ireland for your hospitality. cheers and applause]
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as our daughters pointed out as we were driving in, i cause a big fuss wherever i go. so traffic and barricades and police officers, and it's all a big production. a lot of people are involved, and i'm very, very grateful for accommodating us. the first time michelle and i visited this island was about two years ago. we were honored to join tens of thousands on college green in dublin. we traveled to the little village of moneygall, where as it turns out my great, great, great-grandfather was born. and actually, i identified this individual in this place only a few years ago. when i was first running for office in chicago, i didn't know this, but i wish i had. [laughter] when i was in chicago, as i was campaigning, they'd look at my oh, name and they'd say,
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there's an obama from the homeland running on the south side, sew must be irish. [laughter] but i've never heard the gaelic name barack. gu it pays to be irish in chicago -- but it pays to be irish in chicago. so while we were in moneygall i had a chance to meet my eighth cousin, henry, who's also known as henry viii. [laughter] we knew he was my cousin because his ears flapped out, just like mine. [laughter] i leafed through the parish logs where the names of my ancestors are recorded. i even watched michelle how to pour a proper pint of black. who's cheering for that? so it was a magical visit. the only problem was, it was far too short. a volcano in iceland forced us
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to leave before we could even spend the night. so we've been eager to return to the emerald isle ever since, and this time we brought our daughters, too. in particular, we wanted to come here to northern ireland, a place of remarkable beauty and extraordinary history, part of an island with which tens of millions of americans share an eternal relationship. america's story in part began right outside the doors of this gleaming hall. 325 years ago a ship set sail from here for the chicago bear, filled with men and -- here for the chesapeake bay filled with men and women who dreamed for a new life. they were followed by hundreds of thousands more and helped america write those early chapters.
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they helped us win our independence. they helped us draft our constitution. and soon after america returned to belfast, opening one of our very first consulates here in 1796, when george washington was still president. so today names familiar to many of you are etched on schools and courthouses in solemn memorials of war across the united states. names like wilson and kelly, campbell and o'neal. so many of the qualities that we americans hold dear, we ported from this land -- perseverance, faith, an unbending belief that we make our own destiny, and an unshakable dream that if we work hard and we live responsibly, something better lies just around the bend. so our histories are bound by
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blood and belief, by culture and by commerce. equally utures are inextricably linked. and that's why i've come to belfast today, to talk about the future we can build together. young eration, the generation, has come of age in a world with fewer walls. you've been educated in an era of instant information. you've been tempered by some very difficult times around the globe. and as i travel, what i've seen of young people like you ound the world show me these
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currents have conspired for a future of clear-eyed realism, but also optimistic idealism. a generation keenly aware of the world as it is, but eager to forge the world as it should be. and when it comes to the future we share, that fills me with hope. oung people fill me with hope. here in northern ireland this generation has known even more rapid change than many young people have seen around the world. and while you've nikkei challenges of your own, you also have unique reasons to be hopeful, for you are the first generation in this land to inherit more than just the hardened attitudes and the bitter prejudices of the past. dd you're an inheritor of a just and hard-earned peace. you now live in a thoroughly
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modern northern ireland. have se, the recessions spread through nearly every country and you have endured pain, but day to day life is changing throughout the north. there was a time people couldn't imagine northern ireland hosting a gathering of world leaders, as you are today. and i want to thank chief constable matt baggitt for working to keep everyone safe this week. [applause] northern ireland is hosting the world police and fire games later this year. cheers and applause]
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which mary peters is helping to organize. [applause] golf fans like me had to wait a long six decades for the irish open to return to the north last year. [applause] i am unhappy that i will not get a few rounds in while i'm here. i did meet rory mcilroy last year and -- [applause] rory offered to get my swing sorted. which was a polite way of saying, mr. president, you need help. [laughter] none of that would have been imaginable a generation ago. and belfast is a different city. once abandoned factories are rebuilt, former industrial sites are reborn, visitors come from all over to see an exhibit
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at the mac, a play at the hearic, a concert here at waterfront hall. families crowd into pubs in the cathedral quarter to hear trot. students lounge at cafes asking , what's the crack? [applause] to paraphrase, it's the manifestation of sheer bloody genius. this island is new chic, and these daily moments of life in a bustling city, a changing country, it may seem ordinary to many of you, and that's what makes it so extraordinary.
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for that's what your parents and grandparents dreamt for all of you, to travel without the burden of checkpoints or roadblocks or seeing soldiers on patrol. to enjoy a sunny day free from the ever-present awareness that violence could blacken it at any moment. to befriend or fall in love with whomever you want. they hoped for a day when the world would think something different when they heard the word belfast, and because of their effort, because of their courage, that day has come. because of their work, those dreams they had for you became the most incredible thing of all. it became a reality. it's been 15 years now since the good friday agreement, since clenched fists gave way to outstretched hands.
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the people of this island voted in overwhelming numbers to see beyond the scars of violence and mistrust and to choose to wage peace. over the years other breakthroughs and agreements have followed. that's extraordinary, because for years few conflicts in the world seemed more intractable than the one here in northern ireland. so that when peace was achieved here, it gave the entire world hope. the world rejoiced in your achievement, especially in america. pubs from chicago to boston revelry, folks celebrating the hard work of adams and paisley and so many others. in america, you helped us transcend our differences, because if there's one thing on which democrats and republicans in america wholeheartedly agree, it's that we strongly
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support a peaceful and prosperous northern ireland. but, as all of you know all too well, for all the strides that you've made, there's still much work to do. there's still people who haven't reaped the rewards of peace. there are those who aren't convinced that the effort is working. there's still wounds that haven't healed and communities where tensions and mistrust hangs in the air. there are walls that still stand. there are still many miles to go. from the start no one was naive enough to believe that peace would be anything but a long journey. yates once wrote, "peace comes
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dropping slow." but that doesn't mean our efforts to forge a real and lasting peace should come dropping slow. this work is as urgent now as it has ever been because here's more to lose now than they're ever been. in today's hyperconnected world, what happens here as an impact on lives far from these green shores. and if you continue your courageous path toward a permanent peace and all the social and economic benefits that have come with it, that won't just be good for you, it will be good for this entire island, it will be good for the united kingdom, it will be good for europe, it will be good for the world. we need you to get this right. and what's more, you set an example for those who seek a peace of their own, because beyond these shores right now in scattered corners of the world there are people living in the grips of conflict,
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ethnic conflict, rgts conflict. -- religious conflict, travel conflicts. and they know something better is out there. and they're groping to find a way to discover how to move beyond the heavy hand of history. to put aside the violence. they're studying what you're doing. and they're wondering perhaps if northern ireland could achieve peace, we can, too. so you're their blueprint to follow, you're their proof of what is possible, because hope is contagious. they're watching to see what you do next. now, some of that is up to your leaders. as someone who knows firsthand how politics can encourage division and discourage cooperation, i admire the
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northern ireland executive and the northern ireland assembly. all the more for making power sharing work. that's not easy to do. it requires compromise. and it requires absorbing some pain from your own side. so i applaud them for taking responsibility for law enforcement and for justice, and i commend their effort to building a united community. important next steps along your transformational journey. because issues like segregated schools and housing, lack of jobs and opportunity, symbols of history that are a source of pride for some and pain for others, these are not tangential to peace, they are essential to it. if towns remain divided, if catholics have their schools and buildings and protestants have theirs, if we can't see
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rselves in one another, if fear or resentment are allowed to harden, that encourages division, it discourages cooperation. ultimately peace is not just about politics. it's about attitudes. it's about a sense of empathy. it's about breaking down the divisions that we create for minds and our own our own hearts that don't exist in any objective reality, but that we carry with us generation after generation. and i know, because america, we, too, have had to work hard over the decades slowly, gradually, sometimes painfully in fits and starts to keep perfecting our union. 150 years ago we were torn open
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by a terrible conflict. our civil war was far shorter than the troubles, but it killed hundreds and thousands of our people. and, of course, the legacy of slavery endured for generations. even a century after we achieved our own peace, we were not fully united. when i was a boy, many cities still had separate drinking fountains and lunch counters and watchrooms for blacks and whites. -- washrooms for blacks and whites. my own parents' marriage would have been illegal in certain states. someone who looked like me often had a hard time casting a ballot, much less being on a allot. but over time laws changed and hearts and minds changed.
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sometimes driven by courageous lawmakers, but more often . iven by committed citizens politicians oftentimes follow rather than lead. and so especially young people help to push and to prod and to protest. and to make common cause with those who did not look like them. and that transformed america, so that malia and sasha's generation, they have different attitudes about differences and race than mine and certainly different from the generation before that. d each successive generation reates a new space for peace and tolerance and justice and
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fairness. and while we have work to do in many ways, we have surely become more tolerant and more just and more accepting. more willing to see our diversity in america not as something to fear, but as something to welcome because it's a source of our national strength. so as your leaders step forward to address your challenges through talks by all parties, they'll need you young people to keep pushing them, to create a space for them, to change attitudes, because ultimately, whether your communities deal with the past and face the uture united, together, it isn't something yet to wait for someone else to do, that's a choice you have to make right now. it's within your power to bring about change.
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whether you are a good neighbor to someone from the other side of past battles, that's up to you. whether you treat them with the dignity and respect they deserve, that's up to you. whether you let your kids play with kids who attend a different church, that's your decision. whether you take a stand against violence and hatred and tell extremists on both sides that no matter how many times they attack the peace, they will not succeed, that is in your hands. and whether you reach your own outstretched hand across dividing lines, across peace walls, to build trust in a spirit of respect -- that's up to you.
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the terms of peace may be negotiated by political leaders, but the fate of peace is up to each of us. this peace in northern ireland has been tested over the past 15 years. it's been tested over the past year. it will be tested again. but remember something that president clinton said when he spoke here in belfast just a few weeks after the horrors of omagh. that bomb, he said, "was not the last bomb of the troubles, it was the opening shot of a vicious attack on the peace." and whenever your peace is attacked, you will have to choose whether to respond with the same bravery that you've summoned so far, or whether you succumb to the worst instincts. those impulses that kept this great land divided for too long.
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you'll have to choose whether to backwards. and you should know that so long as you are moving forward, america will always stand by you as you do. we will keep working closely with leaders in stormont, dublin and westminster to support your political progress. we'll keep working to strengthen our economies, including through efforts like the broad economic initiative announced on friday to unlock new opportunities for growth and investment between our two countries' businesses -- because jobs and opportunity are essential to peace. our scientists will keep collaborating with yours in fields like nanotechnology and
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clean energy and health care that make our lives better and fuel economic growth on both sides of the atlantic -- because progress is essential to peace. and because knowledge and understanding is essential to peace, we will keep investing in programs that enrich both of us, programs like the one at belfast metropolitan college, which teaches students from west and north belfast the skills they need for new jobs, and exchange programs that have given thousands in northern ireland and the united states the chance to travel to each other's communities and learn from one another. now, one of those young people is here today. sylvia gordon is the director of an organization called groundwork northern ireland, which aims to bring about change from the ground up. where's sylvia? where's sylvia? is sylvia here somewhere? where is she? she's here somewhere.
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you're here, too, yes. some guy just waved, he said, "i'm here." which is good, i appreciate you being here. as someone who got my start as a community organizer, i was so impressed with what sylvia has done, because a few years ago, sylvia visited the united states to learn more about how americans organize to improve their communities. so after she came home, sylvia rolled up her sleeves here in belfast and decided to do something about alexandra park. some of you may know this park. for years, it was thought to be for years, it was thought to be the only park in europe still divided by a wall. think about that. in all of europe, that one park has got a wall in the middle of it.
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sylvia and her colleagues knew how hard it would be to do anything about a peace wall, but they reached out to the police, they reached out to the department of justice. they brought together people from across the communities. they knew it was going to be hard, but they tried anyway. and together, they all decided to build a gate to open that wall. and now, people can walk freely through the park and enjoy the sun -- when it comes out -- just like people do every day in parks all around the world. a small bit of progress. but the fact that so far we've only got a gate open and the wall is still up means there's more work to do. and that's the work of your generation.as soso as long as more walls still stand, we will need more people like sylvia.
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we'll need more of you, young people, who imagine the world as it should be, who knock down walls, who knock down barriers, who imagine something different and have the courage to make it happen. the courage to bring communities together, who make even the small impossibilities a shining example of what is possible. and that, more than anything, will shape what northern ireland looks like 15 years from now and beyond.and and all of you -- every single young person here today -- possess something the generation before yours did not, and that is an example to follow. when those who took a chance on peace got started, they didn't have a successful model to emulate. they didn't know how it would work. but they took a chance. and so far, it has succeeded.
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and the first steps are the hardest and requires the most courage. the rest, now, is up to you.and "peace is indeed harder than war," the irish author colum mccann recently wrote. "and its constant fragility is part of its beauty. a bullet need happen only once, but for peace to work we need to be reminded of its existence again and again and again." and that's what we need from you. that's what we need from every young person in northern ireland, and that's what we need from every young person around the world. you must remind us of the existence of peace -- the possibility of peace. you have to remind us of hope again and again and again.
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despite resistance, despite setbacks, despite hardship, despite tragedy, you have to remind us of the future again and again and again. i have confidence you will choose that path, you will embrace that task. and to those who choose the path of peace, i promise you the united states of america will support you every step of the way. we will always be a wind at your back. and as i said when i visited two years ago, i am convinced that this little island that inspires the biggest of things -- this
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little island, its best days are yet ahead. good luck. god bless you. and god bless all the people of northern ireland. thank you. [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2013] [captioning performed by national captioning institute]
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[cheers] >> and in the house returns .live in about 20 minutes they will vote at 6:00 until turning to special order speeches. then work on the farm bill later this week. also a major banning of abortion after 20 weeks. live at c-spane at about 5:00 p.m. eastern. >> going as far back as abigail adams and martha washington, you find first ladies played an active role in the white house
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and in the campaigns that it took to get there. abigail adams was a campaign strategist or her husband. she helped advise him on who to who in order to an election. who he had to keep in his coalition. they would talk incessantly about the politics of the day, the legislation that needed to be passed, with senators and congressmen he could count on and which was good not i'm a and what he needed to do to win more support. takes a look at our nation tos's first ladies as political partners. as politicales partners. tonight at 9:00 eastern. >> right now on facebook, we are asking, of the first ladies so far, who was your favorite?
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your vote. ry todd lincoln is leading the paul. , the nominee for the .ext fcc commission chairman you can see his testimony tuesday am a 2:30 p.m. eastern. ater tomorrow, the final debate for the open massachusetts senate seat. 00 ed markey faces gabe gomez. whe debate is courtesy of tv.h-
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host: host: denis mcdonough talked about some of the claims and we're joined now by juan zarate, a former security adviser in the bush administration who now works at the center for strategic and international studies. what is the white house strategy in handling this nsa leak? guest: they want to get a handle on the damage that has been done. he made his way to hong kong and is in chinese territory is problematic. it appears he's using the information as a potential leverage.
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the white house is worried about what he may have in his possession. but secondly, i think they are trying to explain more clearly what this program is and the checks and balances built into it that provides protections that has been so much a part of the controversy. being more open is what you saw denis mcdonough tried to do on the sunday talk shows. host: what is the right balance? guest: i believe you take an oath to hold this information classified. what snowden did was wrong. i think the administration has a responsibility to be as open as possible about how the program works and about what the checks
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and balances are. most people don't have a clear sense with how the nsa takes its role. there are lawyers devoted to that. there are inspector general reports and audits. it is important because we have entered a new era where the government has access and is retaining more and more data. we have not had much of a public debate, with all the new technologies in play.
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i think this is a very important moment for the demonstration to be open about what this program is. host: we will open up the phone lines for comments about this issue. the numbers are on the bottom of the screen. tell folks a little better about your experience with these programs. guest: i was a young terrorism prosecutor before 9/11. i was at the treasury department during 9/11.
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we built out the money systems and programs that are now in place. i joined the white house in 2005. i was a deputy national security adviser. my job was to oversee the implementation of our strategy. i was in the middle of a lot of these debates and of these questions as to how you balance these issues. in 2006, you have the leak of the nsa wiretap program. also the leak of the treasury tracking program, which caused a controversy. the public editor of "the new york times" issued a apology and said it was a mistake to publish that story. that is a program that should have been of viewed as an example of how to do that. a very constricted use of a
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massive amount of data. a great example of how we should proceed. host: do you expect that from "the guardian" or "the washington post"? guest: it was illegal and edward snowden should not have done it. the press has an obligation to publish things. they have a responsibility to do it responsibly. i think "the washington post" has held back on publishing other details. how do we insure this is not being abused? we cannot take the president's word for it. also understand the fisa court
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and how the oversight is happening. host: we are talking with juan zarate. our phone lines are open. the white house sent their chief of staff on the sunday talk shows yesterday. he cast some doubts on some of the claims made by edward snowden. guest: i think some of what he said appeared to be hyperbole. the idea that he could wiretap anyone he wants including the president of the united states is probably not accurate. if he did have that access, that would be illegal. some of what he is claiming is hyperbole.
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he had access to a lot of information, some of which he probably should not have. host: will open the phone lines. dennis is from winchester, virginia. caller: good morning. i have a quick comment or two. the president is a liar and needs to be impeached. i do not understand how the american people are letting this to happen. host: talk about the public reaction. guest: one of the interesting parts is not that the government
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is looking at this kind of data. "we know the government is looking at this. there has been a debate since 2004." what is the hullaballoo about? it started in the bush administration and has expanded under the obama administration. the administration was seemingly bent on retreating from some of the bush policies. we're going to see fundamental continuity and i think we have seen that. we have seen that with the targeted killings.
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long-term preventive detention. and now in this with the revelation of surveillance programs. there is a bit of a disjuncture between what the obama administration promised and the reality of the counter terrorism policies. host: did you have any concerns during your time in the bush administration about the expansion of that? guest: i cannot speak to what i knew on a classified basis, but we constantly grappled with this balance. to suggest that the bush administration did not look at these issues is not looking at the record. the tracking program was fairly unique in that regard. it started in 2001, and we
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embedded in it the privacy and civil liberty protections. our access was restricted, monitored by the company providing us the data, outside auditors, and our own internal i.g. and practices and at the time it became public, also monitored by the european union, who sent the famous french magistrate judge to look at what we were doing. there are ways to strike that balance between security and privacy. there needs to be more of a public debate. we did it in the bush administration. perhaps not perfectly, but every administration has to grapple with these balances. host: there has been a roundtable held in "usa today"
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and one question they asked to security experts is good for and government terrorist organizations get information that he did not have already because of these leaks by edward snowden? guest: i think there is a problem with assuming, knowledge among all terrorist actors. certainly, osama bin laden, the leaders of al qaeda once knew and certainly do know the kind of surveillance underway and there practices are sophisticated. but the reality of the terrorist threats we face now are more fractured, and you have younger individuals that might not know the practices and modalities used to track their movements. the general notion that
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government services are looking at communications is not a big deal. i think we know that. the problem is exactly how it is done, and that is where the u.s. government gets worried -- where sources and methods are revealed and then you see the sophisticated actors react around that knowledge. everyone says these leaks do not matter -- folks overestimate the amount of detail adversaries know about exactly what we are doing. host: juan zarate is a senior adviser in washington, d.c., and is taking your questions on the nsa leaker story. teresa from columbus, ohio, on our independent line. caller: i have been interested in watching these issues, and it makes me feel like the republican party is dumbing down
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america. why are we not fixing what we need to fix in this country, and why are these congressmen and senators not doing their job? being from a military background, with my father, brother and husband serving, i do not understand why we cannot take care of business instead of just pitching fire at our president, who many americans were not even given the respect of president obama. he might not be your guy, but we have to take care of america. we have children living with their parents until they are 30 years old, disabled people that cannot get care -- we have children being killed because we will not do a mental health registry. as the caregiver of a mentally ill son who is 29 years old, i
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spend every day with him. there are no services for him. host: juan zarate, are we spending too much time on this nsa issue? guest: i do not think so. the debate about how they use and leverage information is critical. teresa, thank you for your family and your service to the country. one of the things you will see in terms of the question of oversight of these programs is if congress really doing their jobs? do the members of congress that
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have a responsibility on behalf of american citizens -- are they doing their job? you will start to see stories, how many senators and representatives have attended the briefings. are they asking the right questions? the questions that date back to post-9/11. do people remember the briefings? did they ingest what was happening? these are critical questions.ch message. the messenger: mr. speaker, a message from the president of the united states. the secretary: mr. speaker. the speaker pro tempore: madam secretary. the secretary: i'm directed by the president of the united states to deliver to the house of representatives a message in

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