tv Ceremony Dedicating CSPAN November 28, 2013 11:35am-12:36pm EST
funeral of president john f. kennedy. later, c-span series on first ladies continues with a look at the life of jacqueline kennedy. 1960's were different. [laughter] and there were a lot of things happening involving race, the breakdown, the structure in society, i was suddenly out of the seminary and in new england. there were no rules. things were falling apart. and you know, without structure, it is very difficult to navigate. i was extremely fortunate. i was extremely fortunate to still had a residual of the way i was raised and the structure that the nuns had given me, the structure the seminary had given me.
i was also externally fortunate because i had already been in predominantly white schools. i was the only black in my high school in savanna. so the transition to a school with very few blacks in a very the full set of circumstances, academically and otherwise, i had sort of a jumpstart. i was ahead of the game. so it allowed me to continue to do well, even though it was very difficult. >> later today on c-span, here from two supreme court justices. terrence thomas an article on p.m. followed by elena kagan. also this holiday weekend, four days of book tv on c-span2, including deborah solomon on the life and art of norman rockwell tonight at 9:30. and on c-span3's american history tv, the 150 anniversary of the gettysburg address. -- at 4:00rson helps
and 10:00 p.m.. congressional leaders dedicate a bust of winston churchill last month. after a was placed cause passed by the u.s. house shortly before the 70 and the anniversary of his wartime address to a joint meeting at congress. this is one hour. >> ladies and gentlemen, please , theme our honored guests democratic leader of the house of representatives, the republican leader of the united fate senate, the majority leader of the niceties and become a united states senator if they, and the speaker of the united states house of representatives. [applause]
please stand as the chaplain of the u.s. house of representatives give the invocation. >> let us pray -- god of all nations, we ask your blessing all on this gathering of people separated only by a common language to honor today a towering figure of the way first century, sir winston churchill. a man larger than life, often quoted authoritatively and by many accounts usually wrongly. he inspired to heroic a compliment and for severe it's millions on both sides of the greatic in a time of darkness across the face of the earth. gifts, oh, god,
you pour out for the benefit of all. waswinston's gift leadership and a time of great chaos and fear, which when expended left the world a safer 80 prime minister peacefully voted out of office. in a world consumed by politics, that example was one of itself one of the most important legacies of a greater political figure in a western democracy. bust the a reminder to all americans of a world leader who stood by us in the wake of in behind whom we stood throughout the second world war. make us, olga, forever grateful
for the relationship of britain with our united states, and may our nation together cooperated as in the time of sir winston churchill to guarantee the freedom and peace of all people. amen. >> please reinstated for the visitation of the colors by the united states armed forces colorguard, the thing them of the united kingdom and the, the singing of the united states and, and the retiring of the cover -- of the colors. ♪
by the dawns early light what so proudly we hailed gleamingilight's last whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous flight o'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming glaree rockets red the bombs bursting in air gave proof through the night that our flag was still there o, say does that star-spangled banner yet wave o'er the land of the free
>> ladies and gentlemen, the speaker of the united states house of representatives, the honorable john boehner. >> good morning, everyone. my colleagues, honored guests, members of the churchill family, friends from the churchill center, and my fellow countrymen. winston spencer churchill was the best friend to the united states ever had. by the time president kennedy honorary citizen in the spring of 1953, we already considered the men what -- the man one of our own. our books, he read he revered lincoln. he knew better than most americans the trials of the civil war. in our magazines on
everything from hospitality to food to our engines. you could say that he saw in america the very exceptionalism that we see today. he had his complaints. he thought our toilet paper to thin and our too newspapers to be too fat, but it was dismantled the curiosity of the land of its mother's birth that formed the makings of a beautiful and of course a special relationship. i am pressed to capture this in a single moment, perhaps it would be right here in the christmashe day after , 1941. three weeks after pearl harbor when the aggressors had us on the ropes and intended to keep us there, and speaking to the congress, churchill called on , and here stand firm
is what words that matter sound like. thatfeel greatly honored you should have invited me and address the representatives of both branches of congress. the fact that my american poor have so many generations laid their part in the life of the united states makes this experience one of the most moving in my life. motherin deed that my whose memory i cherish across the veil of years could have been here to see. by the way, i cannot help for reflecting that if my father had been american, and my mother
british instead of the other way around, i might have gotten your on my own. [laughter] now we are the masters of our fate. the task that has been a us is not up of our strength, that it's pains and oils are not beyond our endurance. as long as we have faith in our an on comparable willpower, salvation will not be denied us. here we are together facing a group of my tea close who seek foes who seek our ruin. here we are together defending all that to freemen is dear. to peert given to us
into the mysteries of the future. e about my hope and faith, sur and it violates that in the days to come, the british and american people will further own safety and for the good of all walk together in majesty, in justice, and in peace. [applause] >> ladies and gentlemen, this is one of history's true love stories. in aen a great statesman nation that he called the great republic. we are here today together to bring it. . -- it full circle. for today, winston churchill returns to the u.s. capitol. just as the statue of lincoln
stairs outside of parliaments, this bust renews the tide between our peoples and reminds us of the blessings we often take for granted -- we were one for a very horrific struggle. of course, we are putting our old friend to work. we are hoping to feel a little braver, you are able to find this bust right at the bottom of what we refer to as the british steps. in a for your on a first-floor will forever be known as freedom for your. as long as we hear churchill's in defense, all that he preserved, our shared and sacred cause will continue to go on. welcome, prime minister, and welcome to all of you. i hope you injure -- enjoy the program which will now continue with the leaders of the u.s. congress.
[applause] >> good morning. some six decades after the last time sir winston churchill addressed the meeting of congress, it is a privilege to have sir winston's voice once again ringing through the halls of the capitol. this was the first time -- we heard today the first time he addressed commerce. president kennedy once said that the dock -- dark days and darker nights of the second world war, when the armies of freedom were being fought back on every front, churchill mobilized the english language and sent it into battle. rumblingdfast voice, with unending determination, serve as a great beacon of hope for the free people of the world. -- sir winston
churchill's hope cap the allied victory alive, his image with the very face of democracy, defiance, and undefeated at the crucial hour. and so today it is our honor to install his commanding gaze as we celebrate his in statuary hall. anyone who member -- who visits the members lobby of the house of congress sees the great statue of churchill, and people rubbed his foot, too, for good luck. i love the story about sir winston when he was a member and that statueer -- was not there then, but he was outside the house of commons among the statues, writing some notes, and a colleague came up to them to ask him a question, and he said -- not now, i am too busy repairing my spontaneous remarks. [laughter] i always loved that comment whether it happened or not, sort
of like yogi berra, we attribute every wonderful saying through -- to sir winston because his words were ever timely. i am very thrilled and for emotional to hear sir winston churchill today. i have a picture in my office years have had for 26 both in my leadership office -- wherever that may be -- and in my personal office of sir winston making that's each. -- that speech. my father is in that picture as a member of congress at the time. i mention that because anyone who sees the picture when they come through my offices always talks about how much they love, respect, admire sir winston churchill. so to his family, please know that many more people would be here but for geography and but for the capacity of the venue, but those who are here represents millions of americans
who respect sir winston churchill and or mislead -- enormously. again, his words were ever timely, and just as the speaker said, 19 days after the attack on pearl harbor, the day after christmas, he was here delivering a dose of legendary resolve to the congress of a country nearly at war. again, he would address congress a total of three times. as the speaker mentioned and as we all know, born to an american mother, we all take great pride of that, churchill jokes, as we heard, that's in another world he might have come here that they as a member of congress. his leadership truly spanned the atlantic. his call to accident -- his call to action still the resolve of the british. he inspired our admiration as early as he did the british. he is a hero in our nation as well as in his own.
a comment he made about the bridges, what i think really mirrored what he must have thought about america and his american relatives, he said -- speaking of the british but thinking of america -- we have not journeyed across the centuries come across the oceans come across the mountains, across the prairies because we are made of sugar candy. churchill and president roosevelt guided the world through some of the grimmest years of the last century. they shared a vision for what needed to be done, and with their leadership and their great command of our shared language, they give their country the courage to do it. roosevelt and churchill's partnership was forged in the fire of a world war, and there's is truly one of the great friendships between leaders in the whole history of the world. certainly history would look very different without the two of them.
winston stands as one of the titans of democracy. a giant whose courage serves as an example across the generations and throughout the ages. churchill rightly belongs to the world he helped save from tyranny. he will always hold a place in american memory. now he will hold a special place in the capital of the u.s. thank you. [applause] >> winston churchill has been called the greatest englishman of his time. and because his influence was most powerfully felt in the period surrounding the two world think of thatly middle ofe metal - -
the 20th century. but it is aborted to remember that this great man of the 20th century was actually born into the middle of the victorian era less than a decade after lincoln was shot. by the time the 19th century had turned into the 20th, he was already well acquainted with loss, practice and war -- pr acticed in war, an economist and letters. he was a man, in other words, who was already well on his way to becoming the great figure we all admire and whose achievements we have come to celebrate in this hall of national memory. an ins, churchill was comparable wartime leader and or return, among the finest in all of western history, but he was r, and witness, chronicle h participant in countless other
world changing events. for nearly a century. one of his great preoccupation throughout his very long life with us -- was us. connectionrchill's to the united states was not just based on a war or the happy circumstances of his lineage. in addition to these things, it was based firmly on vast personal experience, long alteration -- long observation, deep learning, and even deeper friendships. as we prepare to places like this in the capitol, it is worthwhile to remember that as well. the first of churchill's many visits here came in 1898 at the age of 20 one he and a friend stopped in new york on the way to cuba where they had decided to join the spanish side of an
uprising there mostly for the fun of it. clearly, this was before the days of the xbox. [laughter] thats during that visit churchill recorded his first impressions of the united states . in a letter to his brother, he wrote -- this is a very great he then expounded admirably on the practicality and efficiency of the people he encountered here, marveled at the energy and usefulness he saw all around him and criticized the press. churchilloint is that seemed to see even than the boundless potential of an alliance between our two nations. that onlyvention deepened as the momentous to events of the 20th century exploded. many books have been written, many by churchill himself, on the contours and progress of that special relationship over
the next five decades. and the seismic elliptical, social, and economic changes that took place in both countries during that time. one thing did not change-that was churchill's deep affection for and confidence in the united states. indeed, it is striking when one considers the sheer red -- breadth of his learning and a life spent at the forefront of world events to think that the final piece of the vice he offered his advisers just before leaving 10 downing street for the last time was to remain close to the united states. according to one account, it happened like this- just moments before the 80-year- old churchill was driven off to buckingham palace to offer his resignation to the queen, he turned to various non-cabinet officials he had summoned to see him off and told them simply,"
never these separated from the americans." much has changed since that day in 1955 but the wisdom of that counsel has not. made these two great nations which winston churchill loved so deeply and his democratic values he cherished and so ably defended always adhere to his advice. thank you. [applause] >> we are gathered of course today to honor the great sir winston churchill, a savior of the world. before i tell you about this hero, this hero to the world, i should tell you he is also one of my personal heroes. i have read every word of churchill's four volume history
of the english speaking people and one of my prized possessions given to me by one of my dear is 125 in any years ago hours of his speeches and his readings and i have listened to all 125 hours. i have read all the volumes of the william manchester biography as well as another of other single volume histories of the british war hero. i even had dinner with one of his grandsons in las vegas a number of years ago. when stint churchill's namesake and a member of parliament. -- winston churchill's namesake and a member of parliament in an evening of remembrance prayed while i never met him, i feel i know him. i have a special relationship with his life story just as churchill himself had a special relationship with our great country. that relationship began long before churchill spurred the
allies to victory in world war ii. it dates back three centuries before that war even started. he was a descendent on his mothers's side of the mayflower pilgrims. at least to have his forebears fought with us against british in the revolutionary war. just as churchill's ancestors fought alongside america's founders to establish the freedom we hold dear, churchill fought alongside 20th-century america to defend that freedom. inherited a war against the most powerful armies in world history in a war that seemed on one of ultima was but not to winston churchill. here is a passage and i would like to make it shorter and i cannot. it is so good. it's one of the first volume of manchester's " the last lion." it is the description under which churchill began his premiership. thee friendship collapsed,
dutch had been overwhelmed, the belgians had surrendered, the british army trapped at dunkirk and was trying to fight free and fell back toward the channel ports. behind them lay the sea. it was england's greatest crisis since the norman conquest. , were he tow leader prevail, had to stand for everything the british establishment had rejected. a viewed adolf hitler as a product of complex social and historical forces. their success would have to be a saw thete,manicean who struggle to the death between the powers of good and evil who held that individuals are responsible for their actions and the german dictator was therefore wicked. a believer in martial glory was required. who could rally the nation and brave the coming german fury and
embodiment of faded taurean standards who was wanted for his tribute in honor and loyalty and the supreme virtue of action, one who would never compromise with inequity, one who could create a sublime mode and give men who wrote visions of what they were and might become. hitler, he would have to be a leader of intuitive genius, a born demagogue in the original sense of that work, a believer in the supremacy of his race and national destiny, an artist too new to gather the blazing light of history into distorted through his answer. an embodiment of flexible resolution who could proposes will and imagination on his people, a great tragedy and who understood martyrdom i could tell his followers the world's -- the worst, persuading them that the year at dunkirk would be one that is equally good to live or to die, who would come if necessary, to be just as cruel, just as coming, just as ruthless but would win victories
without preaching supernaturalism, foisting off minutes of his infallibility or destroying the workman and libertarian institutions he had sworn to preserve. such a man, if he existed, would be england's last chance. in london, there was such a man. now, at last, winston churchill his hour had struck. he had been waiting in parliament more than 40 years. he had grown bald and what hair he had was great in his nation service. be summoned when the situation was seem hopeless to everyone except him. when stint churchill faced disappointments throughout his long political career. he also faced our days when the war seemed hopeless. through it all, he never, never, never gave up. his unflinching leadership was the source of spiritual strength as well as military might for the allies.
churchill famously said of the heroes of world war ii " never in the field of human conflict was so much owed to so many to so few." today, we acknowledge the debt of american allies that we owe to one man, winston churchill, for saving the world from the evil and the clutches of tyranny. [applause] >> ladies and gentlemen, joining in welcoming our secretary of state, john kerry. [applause] >> speaker boehner, leader pelosi, majority leader reid, and later macconnell- distinguished tests all -- thank you to the leadership of the congress for making this
possible and bringing us all together today to celebrate our remarkable guest of honor, regal, resplendent, this incredible bust of sir winston churchill. famous andhis inimitable expression forever now captured in bronze and forever here in the capital, we remember not just the story oratory that you have heard us reminded of in the speeches thus far, oratory that literally rescued the world and gave hope to the world. abouto know something this man's capacity to put the fear of god into his critics and anyone who dared to take him on. thatithering retorts struck fear into those critics, it was churchill, after all, at a late-night rt long past its
rightful expiration date who encountered us gold from his own party who exclaimed " winston, uart drunk, you are very drunk, you are very, very drunk" without missing a beat, winston you areyou are ugly, very ugly, you are very, very ugly and what's more it, tomorrow, i shall be sober." [laughter] was an original in every respect. when he was invited to the white house to stay for a week, he stayed for months. he felt free to use president roosevelt bathtub but no need to wear his bathrobes. [laughter] or any bathrobe when he was done. he really wrote the book on marching to the tune of your own beat them a your own drummer. leadership in times of crisis,
that was winston churchill. a call to a great cause among all things -- above all things parochial, a man who answered his country's call and was sobered by service in war himself, that was winston churchill. but so too did he remind is often that sometimes laughter is precisely the prescription for the ills of any political system. even as sir winston famously summoned the humility to laugh at himself or, as we know, sometimes at the expense of others, his defining characteristic was, of course, the courage to lead so many through so much. last autumn, i had the privilege of finding myself in london standing in the same subterranean world war ii bunker , the very first of what we now call war rooms.
that was where winston churchill presided over great britain's finest hour. respect for a man who understood the nightly bombing raids and summoned in french words -- in fresh words what have been repeated by so many to never, never, never give up. it's easy to forget that churchill did not just commend those words to others. he lived them himself. when he was a prisoner of war in africa, he managed to escape. when demoted for his role in gallipoli in world war i, he picked himself up, taking a new leadership role on the western front. when he was defeated as prime minister, not down with his party in a crushing political defeat one year after i was born, he managed to dust himself off and wait for history to call again.
it proved to all the world that life as well as leadership go on long after losing a near collection. states.stood the united sometimes than we even understood ourselves. he was the son of an american twoer, proud to have had great grandfathers who fought in george washington's army. one and the berkshire county militia and the other is part of the fourth massachusetts regiment. that in theng shadows of world war ii, and and the dawn of the cold war, when some at home hoped the united states would turn inward, churchill looked outward again and across the atlantic. he traveled to the heartland of our country to a tiny college in fulton, missouri and he spoke of america's awe-inspiring accountability to the future.
with so many challenges, all across the world today, struggles to be one, pandemics to be defeated, history yet to be defined, churchill can be heard once again at this dust -- with this bust for all of us to define our time in a manner befitting of a country that still stands, as he said then, at the pinnacle of power. that went essential british subject and statesman upon whom president kennedy, as we learned from the speaker, conferred american citizenship, help define the relationship, the special relationship between the united states and the united kingdom. more than that, he understood that even the greatest patriots are not just citizens of their own countries but citizens of the world.
that gosponsibilities with it. as the proud recipient of the state department's first and passport,ary american he would no doubt look to all of us today to use the privilege of our own passports as he did to help meet the world's challenges in troubled corners of the globe. cynics today might say that's an improbable aspiration. but hundreds of years ago, in this very city, what could have seemed more improbable than this day itself, to think that in statuary hall, a building british troops tried to burn down, that now the bust of a one-time secretary, secretary of state for the colonies, will forever stand alongside the statue of samuel adams, the founder of the sons of liberty and well it should. it reminds us that our job is to
do the improbable and in that endeavor, as winston churchill's likeness resides among our greatest patriots, winston will remain forever an inspiration to those in the capital and across the continents. we are sometimes, all of us as we know too well, separated by oceans and we are sometimes separated by political party or ideology. us thes bust will remind bridges we must build to span the gaps so that the work of democracy can continue, so that together we might fulfill the solemn duty to carry forward the cause of freedom and the fundamental rights and so that we can strengthen our alliances, mindful that in a world far more complex than even winston churchill could have ever imagined or predicted, progress comes only when we pursue it together.
bustruth is that this residing in this capital in this place will remind us of that forever. [applause] >> ladies and gentlemen, you will recall earlier that i promised some majesty. who better to represent rock royalty than mr. roger's altra, founder and lead singer of the sold,00 million albums kennedy center honoree, and a member of the rock and roll hall of fame. an icon on both sides of the atlantic. not only for his music but for all he has done to give back. roger was instrumental in starting the teenage cancer trust series in london, and effort to build hospital wards
for kids with cancer. and he is now extended that work to the united states with the team cancer american effort. let me also express my deepest appreciation to lucien grange, ceo of universal records who brought roger here making this occasion much more special. we have asked roger to play a song or two and first he will perform his arrangement of ben me," gs'. " stand by which he chose to illustrate the enduring relationship between the united states and the united kingdom. ladies and gentlemen, roger daltrey. [applause]
and the land is dark only lightn is the you will see won't be afraid no, i won't be afraid just as long as you stand stand by me i'm in trouble, won't you stand by me oh, won't you please stand by me oh on a won't you forever stand by me ♪ stand by your brother stand by your sister stand by your mother.
[no audio] [no audio] >> thank you, mr. speaker. exactly 50 years ago, sir winston churchill became an honorary citizen of the united states. today in the very heart of american democracy, we again recognize the unique life and enduring legacy of britain's finest son and one of the greatest men the world has ever known. the churchill center is honored to have been invited to make this striking bust for permanent display in the capital and rightfully so. generations of visitors will now have the opportunity to view this iconic work and, through it, be reminded of churchill's singular leadership and role in probers irving -- in preserving
freedom in the world and his lifelong belief and friendship in the united states. we are pleased to be joined today by so many members of the churchill family and sir winston's daughter, the lady soames is able to watch online along with churchillians around the world. we are grateful to the estate of oscar nieman and his daughter lady aurleia young with their help with the bust and no churchill commemoration would be complete without the lifelong scholarship of sir martin gilbert, churchill's official biographer and his wife, the lovely lady esther. lastly, we recognize the enthusiastic dedication of our executive director, lee pollard, who worked so energetically with the speaker to organize this event. the mission of the churchill center is to foster boldness,hip, vision, courage among freedom loving
people throughout the world by preserving the words and deeds of sir winston churchill and by ensuring his legacy of leadership remains a relevant and alive for future generations. in addition to our many ongoing programs and publications and activities come our signature initiative is here in the capital with the new churchill library at the center of george washington university to be built which will provide a much- needed and long long desired home for churchill's scholarship in the heart of our nation's capital. in today's increasingly volatile and tragic world, the lessons learned from churchill broad, well lived life and his leadership are, and will remain, increasingly vital. we must never forget them. mr. speaker, we thank you for all you have done to make this event happen. [applause]
>> mr. speaker, secretary kerry, leader pelosi, leader reid, and later macconnell and distinguished members of congress, ladies and gentlemen- my family and i thank you most warmly for the very great honor that you have a corded the memory of my grandfather. in accepting the donation from the churchill center of this magnificent bust of sir winston to be permanently displayed here in the united states capital. on behalf of all of us, mr. speaker, my thank you for the wonderful tribute you all paid to churchill's memory. he is -- he has a very vivid memory. as you know, my grandfather visited washington often during his long career but perhaps most notably as a test of president
franklin roosevelt during the second world war. on december 20 6, 1941, just days after the appalling atrocity at pearl harbor, he came across the atlantic and was invited to address a joint session of congress just yards away from where this moving ceremony is being held today. on that occasion, as we have been reminded, he famously joked that if his father had been an american and his mother british, instead of the other way around, he might indeed have got here on his own. mr. speaker, he lives here in his own right. not as a guest but as a member of an illustrious amphion here -- pantheon here in this magnificent hall. it is a wonderful and resonant and adding tribute in one which would have forced him -- caused him great ride and pleasure.
born to an american mother, he cherished his relationship with america and the american people's, often describing himself as an english speaking union. there is note out that the united states adopted him. awarded honorary united states citizen ship, the first said act of congress, and to president kennedy, i contemplate with high satisfaction the constant factor of the interwoven and upward progress of our peoples. our comradeship and rutherford in war were examples. we stood together and because of that, the free world now stands. my grandfather spoke to congress on three occasions but in 1941, as you can see and as we have already heard, he concluded his remarks here with is wonderful
statement- my faith and hope, sure and environment, that in the days to come, the british and american peoples will for their own safety and for the good of all walk together side- by-side in majesty, injustice, and in peace." mr. speaker, this bust is a symbol that his hope is still being realized for the benefit of this and for future generations and his memory remains a beacon for free men and free women everywhere. thank you very much. [applause] >> ladies and gentlemen, play stand as the chaplain of united states senate, dr. barry like gives the benediction.
-- dr. barry black gives the benediction. >> let us pray- eternal lord god, the giver of every good and perfect gift, we thank you for this bust that reminds us of the power of a single life. lord, thank you for the gift of example rate lives, for people like sir winston churchill, who left indelible footprints for us to follow. you that sir winston served your purpose is for his generation, leaving wiser, andreer, safer.
♪ >> will be fighting in the streets with our children at our feet and mama roles that they worship will be gone. -- and the morals that they worship will be gone. and the man who spurred us on they sit in judgment of all wrong they decide and the shot gun sings the song newp my hat to the constitution take a bow for the new revolution smile and grin at the change all around pick up my guitar and play just like yesterday then i get on my knees and pray don't yet fooled again
♪ no, no, no. the change it had to come we knew it all along the fold,berated from that's all. but the world looks just the same history ain't changed because the banners they all flown in the last war i tip my hat to the new constitution take a valve for the new revolution smile and grin at the change all around pick up my guitar and play just like yesterday prayi get on my knees and -
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