Skip to main content

tv   Key Capitol Hill Hearings  CSPAN  August 18, 2015 1:00pm-3:01pm EDT

1:00 pm
if you do get the nomination, i would be so proud to have you be the first presidential candidate that ivo four. ms. fiorina: you can help frien, just exactly. you can help me. >> very excited. carly fiorina: thank you. i'm going to give you guys this. there we go. thank you so much for coming to iowa. carly fiorina: what's your name? >> henry. carly fiorina: that's a good name. what's your favorite thing about the fair? the ride, the foods? >> under no.
1:01 pm
-- i don't know. carly fiorina: i'm not going on the scary rides. >> this is my daughter. [indiscernible] we play christian music and served home food. we follow your campaign aggressively. carly fiorina: i'm going to come visit. >> this is my other daughter. side?stand on the carly fiorina: it's your picture. there you go. >> these are some friends of mine. carly fiorina: my pleasure. [indiscernible] >> 1, 2, 3. carly fiorina: a little dark,
1:02 pm
but i think it will work. >> and with the wall street journal. quick question. carly fiorina: you want to picture? here we go. another one. [laughter] >> i'm with the wall street journal. my asked scott walker if you had a response to donald trump's position on immigration. he declined to comment. do you want to comment? minutes inouple of this meet and greet with prisoners of candidate carly fiorina. we leave this to go to the national press club in washington, with new orleans mayor mitch landrieu, talking about the 10th anniversary of hurricane katrina, he is being introduced now by prescott president john hughes.
1:03 pm
john: hurricane katrina was the costliest natural disaster in history of united states. it forced the evacuation of nearly 90% of the residents of new orleans. them lost their lives. 15 feet of water covered many neighborhoods. five years later, the city's recovery was steady, but slow. thousands of houses were vacant or uninhabitable. the pre-katrina economy had yet to reappear. that is what our speaker stepped up. he was louisiana's lieutenant governor at that time. he said he wanted to take over the recovery effort, as the city's next mayor. this was a job that his father had held in the 1970's. was electedandrieu in 2010, he became the first white mayor of a black authority
1:04 pm
city in the united states. since his father held office. acrossyed broad support racial and demographic lines. when he was reelected in 2014, he nearly matched the 66% winning percentage he had posted four years earlier. now, as we near the 10th anniversary of katrina, data on tourism and the economy show new orleans, in many respects, is a strong as it was. a recent poll from the kaiser family foundation and national public radio found that many residents feel the city has made significant headway. at the same time, the poll exposed deep racial disparities in the recovery. it also showed concern that the rich cultural gumbo that makes the city special is changing. where do we go from here?
1:05 pm
let's leave it for the speaker to tell us. ladies and gentlemen, please give a warm national press club welcome to new orleans mayor mitch landrieu. [applause] thank you, to: the folks that are in the room. thank you to the head table. thank you so much for having me. 10 years ago, hurricane katrina hit the gulf coast. in the blink of an eye, everything changed. american citizens, 1800 of my brothers and sisters were killed. one million were displaced, one million homes were damaged. 250,000 were destroyed. communities were torn apart. and scattered to the wind. in new orleans, the levees broke. man-made failure of epic proportions. that resulted in floodwaters surging over the rooftops of a great american city.
1:06 pm
80% of the city was under water. $150 billion in damages. in a moment, everything was gone. homes, roads, schools, hospitals. police and fire stations, -- our stores, parks lives as we knew them were gone. as the floodwaters swallowed our neighborhoods, it became a life or death struggle for thousands, who are still stuck in the cities. seared in ourare souls forever. the rushing flood, pulling people under. survivors trapped for days with little or no help her in hundreds on the rooftops, people trying to keep their heads above water. the blazing louisiana son. american citizens crowded in front of the superdome in held masses at the convention center. more stranded in the port of st. bernard. floating, bloated bodies.
1:07 pm
on the streets of america. our nation sat, john dropped, gaping at the images. dropped, gaping at the images. considering an entire city could be gone, and wondering how this happened in our beloved country. in the midst of all of this death and all of this destruction, something else happened. the sun came up. in the hours, days, and weeks that followed, another flood came in. this time, it was a torrent of people. louisiana state department of wildlife and fisheries agents and the u.s. coast guard, with our friends and neighbors pulling thousands of people out of the water. at their side, the cajun armada, a small navy of private vessels from all across coastal louisiana, recreational boaters of all kinds, saving lives on the flooded streets of new orleans. backing them up, a whole legion of people coming literally from everywhere.
1:08 pm
the national guard, the military, along with policemen, fire, ems, medics, and other relief volunteers from coast to coast. within days, canadian mounties had boots on the ground in a small city outside of new orleans. israeli relief workers followed, and countries from australia to the uae gave millions of dollars and cents applies. cross, second harvest, salvation army, catholic charities, united way, habitat for humanity, and so many others. united by faith, civic purpose, rushed to our site and to our aid. and together, together with started to clean up. clearing away the devastation of putting our lives back together. together, crying over photos that somehow escaped with a leash. together, sleeping on church floors, in tents. a mostly still dark city lit by
1:09 pm
andfires, midwest northeastern axon's in with the southern drawl. americans,elping citizens helping citizens, neighbors lifting of neighbors are in it was a teacher in baton rouge coming -- showing kindness to a child on her first day of school outside of new orleans. a nurse in atlanta who helped in a vacuum we get medication. a landlord in shreveport who found places for families to stay. houston mayor bill white said, people saw this as an opportunity for us to do something that was right for our country, as well as for our fellow americans. it was one of our country's darkest moments. but we found salvation, lights, and hope from the angels among us. usse angels made real for the song of david, that joy cometh in the morning. now, as we approach the 10th anniversary of katrina, we new orleans want to remember all of those that we lost.
1:10 pm
and we want to again count our blessings, and again say thank you to those of you that helped us survive. the last 10 years, new orleans has been through hell and high water. not just katrina, but hurricanes rita, ike, gustav, the bp oil spill, and the national recession. all of it. but we won't bow down. because we don't know how. by our nature, we are resilience, we are a hopeful people. even after all we have been through, a recent poll in new orleans done by the kaiser family foundation with npr found that a whopping 78% of residents are optimistic about new orleans future. new orleans has gone from literally being underwater to being one of the fastest-growing major cities in america. jobs, newands of new industries rapidly improving schools, rising property values, and a new flood protection that will relist -- reduce the risk from future floods.
1:11 pm
this is one of the most remarkable stories of tragedy and triumph, resurrection and redemption. in one word -- resilience. we are america's comeback city. in new orleans, necessity really was the mother of invention. after katrina, it was do or die. gauntlet,laid down a and with this huge tragedy came a huge responsibility to make it right. during katrina, many died. and for many more, the storm was a near-death experience. it changed us. and those who have endured such pain will tell you that when everything is slipping away, the natural instinct is to tighten your grip on that which used to be secure, struggling to hold on to just what was. but here's the thing. the people of new orleans took up the challenge that fate had laid our feet, resolving not just rebuild the city we once were, but to create the city that we always dreamed she could be.
1:12 pm
to do it, we had to fight through the agony that comes with disaster and change. there is no doubt that our progress has been anything but a straight line. and lord knows we have a very long way to go. after all, the storm did not create all of our problems. in issues are generations the making, and are shared by every other part of america. often toldna, i've an old joke that my dad used to tell me. got aau and thibodeau pilot to go all the way to canada to shoot moose. they bagged six moose. as they were loading on the plane to return, the pilot says you can't put all six moose on the plane, we will crash. thibodeau and boudreau said last shot six in the pilotless take them in the plane you are flying right now. the pilot gave up, got in the plane, and took off. even on full power, the plane couldn't handle the road, -- handle the load, and crash.
1:13 pm
recklessly, thibodeau and boudreau survived. they are lying in the pile of rubble. boudreau sees thibodeau and says do have any idea where we are? thibodeau says we are the same place we were less your we crashed. -- last year when we crashed. [laughter] mayor landrieu: that's just some home cooking from the south. the problem is obvious, it is especially clear after katrina. if we do the same thing over and over again, we should expect the same outcome. after years of angst and anxiety, after years of fits and hearts, we made the decision to change. and what has emerged on the other side is a premier example of urban innovation in america. because we had to. because we had to, new orleans is taken on the toughest challenges, showing the whole nation what it takes to make progress. forever proving that where there are new solutions to all of the old problems that we have. years ago, new
1:14 pm
orleans schools were considered some of the worst in the country. two thirds of our kids were failing, in failing schools. we moved past was a broken top-down system and have created a new way, defined by choice and equity, defined by accountability. togetherat we can join to celebrate the remarkable progress that has been made for our kids. i want to thank all of our students, administrators, but those from new orleans and those who have moved in to help more recently. they worked tirelessly on behalf of our kids. today, nearly every student attends a public charter school. families who used only have one choice for their kids can now apply to nearly every school in the city. in new orleans, geography is no longer a kid's destiny, and we have raised the bar across the board, insisting that schools serve every child. in new orleans we know every child can learn and every child has the right to a great education. in addition, we set our kids need to clean, healthy, safe school buildings. $1.8 billion in federal funds is being invested to rebuild,
1:15 pm
renovate, and refurbish nearly every school in the city. outstanding new 21st century learning spaces that can help our kids arrive and realize their god-given potential. before katrina, the achievement in newween the kids orleans and the kids and the rest of the state was over 25 points. now, the gap is nearly closed. before katrina, the graduation rate hovered around 50%. now 73% are graduating on time. fewer kids dropping out, more kids enrolling in college, also this year, hundreds of meters -- new orleans seniors have earned scholarships at over 300 different colleges and universities. one of these high school graduates as a kid, a few years ago he wasn't going to pass the 10th., let alone go to college. his mom and dad sold drugs, unfortunately, they both went to prison. he struggled. he enrolled in one of the new schools with a special focus on college. for him, and for us, it has made
1:16 pm
all the difference. he said in life, you have two choices, to be defeated, or to conquer. i choose to conquer. and he did. this fall, he will be a freshman at morehouse college, and a big-time shout out to this great historically black college and university, and fisher graduated 400 new leaders for the country. i say go tigers, i'm proud of them. [applause] mayor landrieu: thank you. his story is an inspiring one, but just one example of a very real impact that the new system of schools has. that's not to say we are anywhere close to perfect. that comes in new orleans can see we have a long way to go. but we are improving faster than anywhere else in america. besides schools, we're improving health care delivery system as well. 10 years ago if your kid got an ear ache, that met his mom had to take into an emergency room, sit there for 13 hours, just to
1:17 pm
get them checked out. now, we say an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. a network of neighborhood health clinics initially funded by federal grant after katrina have endured. i'm so happy to see one of the principal architects of this new system with us today, dr. karen desalvo, a former health commissioner of new orleans, and now is president obama's acting assistant secretary of health and human services. [applause] because ofieu: karen's hard work, and the hard work of 70 people, today new orleans has the st. thomas committee health center, prevention is the name of the game it. soup to nuts health care the neighborhood, everything from chronic disease management to pediatrics with a focus on women's health. that means thousands of mammograms done every year at st. thomas. lives being saved through prevention. also, neighborhood health centers like st. thomas served 59,000 patients across the region every year who would otherwise get much more extensive health care and emergency rooms.
1:18 pm
add this to the billions we are investing right now in building two world-class hospitals right downtown the heart of new orleans. one for veterans at the new va hospital, and the other is the new university medical center. for generations to come, our honored veteran warriors will get the care they need in the care they deserve. taken altogether, ours is a real model for the rest of the country. it works. 10 years ago, katrina was the last straw which broke the back of an economy that had been struggling for 40 years. are creating thousands of new jobs and spurring promising new industries like water management, digital media, and bioscience. world-class companies like ge capital are expanding in new orleans. but here's the thing. we can't leave anybody behind. in new orleans, we help entrepreneurs like a young man with a dream to open his own business. a grocery store in the lower ninth ward.
1:19 pm
he got support from the city, and now he has done it. it's on cabin streets. this is the exact spot where 12 feet of water set for weeks, following the levee breach. and at our hub fraudulent reviewers call the idea village, new vibrant entrepreneur ecosystems have emerged where talented people can get the training to support what they do to turn big ideas into new businesses, with new jobs. plus, in new orleans, we are in the midst of a retail and restaurant boom. no other place in the world would lose 100,000 people and gain 600 more restaurants than we had before katrina. but we did. and only in new orleans. these businesses are opening and topving neighborhoods where of the new private investment, more than $1 billion in a formal housing is either available or coming online. 14,430 affordable rental units for low income families are there. new orleans is notorious big for
1:20 pm
public housing development, which were run down and were dangerous, they did not give the people of new orleans with a need or what they deserved. so we converted this public housing into mixed-income communities with amenities like schools, health care, and transit. we can see this at the old st. bernard development. now known as columbia park. the st. bernard was one of the oldest public housing development in new orleans. first built by the roosevelt administration during the depression. over the years, it had fallen on hard times, and by the time katrina hits, 25% of the 1300 units were empty and the area was known for its violence. and in the levees broke. as the sun rose the day after the storm passed, the st. bernard development was 10 feet underwater. wee everything else, resolved to build back st. bernard, not as it was, but like it always should have been, and the way people deserved. park is aia world-class example of mixing come public housing that embraces public by the partnerships and true place-based development.
1:21 pm
the massive plan for the neighborhood includes newly built schools, early childhood learning centers, a recreation facility, library, playgrounds, retail, and green space area crime is now way down in columbia park. in fact, since katrina, we made tremendous progress that a wide on crime reduction. and this is good. when i took office, the murder rate still lead the nation. through our comprehensive murder nolaction strategy called for life, we put a special focus on prevention, care to tough enforcement. new orleans had a 33 year low for murder, but we still have a very long way to go on this issue. this year, unfortunately, across the nation and in new orleans, murder is taking up. with nearly 15,000 americans lost every year to murder in this nation, a disproportionate number of young african american men, it's clear that this crisis goes well beyond new orleans. it is a national disgrace, and a moral outrage that so many
1:22 pm
american citizens are killed on the streets of america every day. stopping murder should be a national priority. black lives do matter. and we should act like it in america. [applause] mayor landrieu: but across the board, fighting crime in preventing murder is just one part of the criminal justice system. 10 years ago, when katrina hit, there were 6000 inmates in orleans parish prison. it was a prime example of mass incarceration at its worst. we were the most incarcerated city in the most incarcerated date in the most incarcerated world in the country. now, we are pushing back against mass incarceration like numerals in the country. we've cut the prison population down to 1800 inmates, a two thirds reduction. we have sought to be tough and smart on crime, at the same time. lock up the violent bad guys who threaten everybody, but make fewer unnecessary arrests.
1:23 pm
provide alternatives to incarceration, pretrial services, improve case processing times, great wraparound services for the citizens returning home so they don't go back. there must be justice, there must be peace. black lives matter, whether they are being lost to shooting, or two years in prison. we are also making tremendous progress on combating homelessness in the city of new orleans. in the city after -- in the years after the storm, we had 11,000 homeless. we became the first city in america to functionally and veteran homeless. we have a long way to go. but we are making great progress. finally, new orleans has become a global leader in emergency preparedness. us were ago, none of prepared for a storm like katrina and we suffer the terrible consequences. now everyone is on the same page, and preparations are both wide and deep. in partnership with a local we developed a
1:24 pm
city assisted evacuation plan. during a mandatory evacuation, local, state, the federal officials along with the faith-based community and community organizations are seamlessly coordinated. we provide transportation to residents unable to self evacuate and have extensive special-needs registry so we can take care of the bedridden and sick. since katrina, we had a broader cultural shift. and now emergency preparedness has become ingrained in our daily lives. if you drive around new orleans, you will see 16 large public art displays scattered across the city. we call these landmarks in thank evacu-spots. physical symbols of our preparedness. their other physical manifestations of the continued renaissance. $1.63 billion being invested to reinvigorate neighborhoods with new roads, new parks, new playgrounds, new community centers.
1:25 pm
for public transit of a structure, and we're about to break ground on our new airport. new orleans is on a roll. and like 78% of our residents, i'm optimistic about our future. time unfinished business, and just like throughout the last 10 years, our ongoing future efforts will be supported by our partners. one of these key partners is with us today. the rockefeller foundation. 100ugh rockefeller's resilient cities initiative, next week we unveiled a new long-term resilience strategy that by 2018 will ensure the new orleans is a global model for resilience in the 21st century. we are already on our way with new modern infrastructure and levees, with the bp oil spill settlement and new federal state revenue sharing taking effect, we finally have partial payment for hardening our assets and rebuilding the important coast. most of the rest of the money should come from the oil companies. they helped break it, they need
1:26 pm
to help fix it. really, all americans have a stake in the future of our coast , because contrary to popular belief, gas is not come from the pump. it comes from us. viay year, the gulf coast louisiana provides america with more oil and gas and we import from saudi arabia. we are the tip of the spear when he comes energy independence. as we protect louisiana's coast, we also protect america, our economic security, and our national security. here's the thing. to be truly resilience, we can just build up levees against storms. with waterow we live to protect the wetlands, as important as those are. we need to do all those things. , as a be truly resilience society, it means combating other stresses, like poverty, inequality, violence, racism. resilient, we must go deeper and create a city that can adapt and thrive, no matter what may happen, with climate
1:27 pm
change of the global economy. that means a government with a regional mindset which can both respond to a shock like hurricane katrina, and prepare people for the future. that means a 21st century education system, broad-based economic growth so there's a pathway to prosperity that anyone can follow and no one is left hind. that means being inclusive of everyone in the community. breaking down the walls that divide us and coming together in unity. our goal is nothing less than to create a city of peace, of opportunity and responsible -- responsibility for all. a city for the ages. we are not there yet, and we are far from perfect. but the people of new orleans are committed to their city. and we know we are on the right path. indeed, this is what we do as americans. we work hard, we dream of something more, some thing better. we should always remember our history in its totality. and remember how far we as a people have common. words6, the aspirational
1:28 pm
found in our declaration of independence they all men are created equal. it certainly rang hollow to many, and must've been especially ironic to the slaves. for them, neither liberty nor equality were in reach of that time it. for more than two centuries of tumultuous change, we have made progress in millions of ways. the bigl, this is message the nation should take away from what we saw 10 years ago at the superdome, and the more recent unrest on the streets of baltimore, ferguson, and across america. we have still fallen short. we still have not filled the promise of being one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all. but we can get there. turn the corner on the 10th anniversary of katrina, and look forward to new orleans's third anniversary is a city, our challenge is we have a long way to go. it's critical to understand where we are in the broader context, sitting in the deepest of the deep south states.
1:29 pm
once called the stations backwater. that backwater has changed. and now new orleans has become a beacon of light. the capital of what some have called the new south. i believe that the south will rise again. but not the old self area the old south of slavery, civil war, confederate flags, monuments the review of the confederacy, separate but equal, i'll go my way, you go yours -- that south is gone. the new south, led by new orleans, is a place where diversity is our greatest strength, not a weakness in where our collective energy is combined to form some thing that benefits everyone. the place to understand the totality of history and importance of culture. faith, family, friends. a place which combines old and new into something truly special that people want to be a part of. itlace that understands what means to come together in unity and wrestle with the good, the bad, and yes, everything in between. of the mighty mississippi river, we new
1:30 pm
orleans lie at the heart of this ongoing struggle. but we have shown what's possible. that from the worst disaster that can be rebirth, out of despair, there can be hope. out of darkness, there can be light. that of destruction, beauty. hope must bring eternal. faith is the motivator of all the seems lost. and with your help, we have changed. so on behalf of the people of new orleans, i say thank you. thank you to the american taxpayer, thank you to the federal government. obama,ou to president bush 41 and 43, president clinton, and president carter for their work. thank you all for your support and your prayers when we needed the most. thank you for caring for us during our time of need. thank you for donations, thank you for your support. thank you for caring about the city that care forgot. we are unbowed, and we are unbroken. we new orleans will press on, one step at a time.
1:31 pm
we are one team, we are one fight, we are one city, we're one united states of america. thank you, very much. [applause] john: thank you, mr. mayor. we invite you to come back up now for some question-and-answer. you noted the progress that has been made, and you mentioned the challenges remain. of the things you are still working on and that haven't come back yet, what are the one or two things that bother you the most? the biggest challenge is that you still face? mayor landrieu: there are more than one or two. one of the things we've spent a lot of time on the last five years is structurally changing and institutionally changing the way new orleans addresses
1:32 pm
long-term chronic robins. there's a great article written about detroit that said detroit and go bankrupt overnight. it took 40 or 50 years. one of the things we concentrate changing the institutions and governments, changing our relationship with the public private sector, digging down deep and tearing out the foundations that created bad results. as a consequence, we are now much better at being able to resolve the issues that were with us before the storm. and we share the same issues with every other major city in america. the city of new orleans, crime continues to be a problem. we have too much of it. we need to get better at it. light reduction continues to be a tremendous challenge, even though we have taken down more blighted and -- than any city in america. we taken down about 15,000 properties in three years. have a system that is moving in the right direction. because of the new system, we have people complying.
1:33 pm
citizens thatate did not come back to take care of the property and left it to everyone else. the economy, although it continues to do better, you have to continually be vigilant. and within that framework that i mentioned, and the npr show -- poll show this. notwithstanding the fact that 78% of the people are optimistic about the future of new orleans, that doesn't mean everyone is happy about the situation they are in today. in newtinues to be orleans, like there is all over america, this is now being discussed in the presidential campaign of the under the guise of income inequality, opportunity and equality, people talk about it in different ways. it's clear that some americans are doing better than others. my best guess is that the numbers you see in new orleans would be almost identically reflected in some of the other major cities in america and across our country. continue as we redesigned the city of new orleans, to be prepared for the same kind of difficulties that we are seeing all across america. i would put them in generally the same category. the education system, although
1:34 pm
we have made tremendous press enter moving in the right direction, is not perfect. there were holes in it that we have to continue to work on. we will do so in the same way, and with the same amount of intensity and aggressive leaning forward that we have done in the past couple of years. that theit your sense npr kaiser poll that you just represented was accurate in finding the large disparities between whites and african-americans in their view of the recovery? another questioner says i noticed on a recent visit to new orleans, i noticed extensive judgment case in of many formally black neighborhoods. is this good for the city in the long run? inextensive gentrification many formally black neighborhoods. holes have a lot of good information. this was a well-done poll. i think it is an accurate repetition of how people in new orleans feel.
1:35 pm
it is very good to get a poll that says 78% of the public thinks you are heading in the right direction. or 73% feel good about the recovery. at the very positive thing. revealedpoll, again, difficulties that we not only have a new orleans, but all across the country, about the difference between poor people in wealthy people, african-americans who don't have an african-americans that do have. my sister donna will tell you a lot, and remind you may the best quote of the entire katrina surge was general honoré, who said when it gets hot, the poor get hotter, and when it gets cold, the cold -- the poor get colder. the damage was $150 billion, the amount of reimbursement was less than that. there is a gap. but we found in rebuilding the city is those who had got back faster than those who had not. that does come across racial lines in some way. it has as much to do with class.
1:36 pm
we have 73 neighborhoods in the city of new orleans. will see a good many of them, black and white, have come back and done well. some of them have not, most particularly, the lower ninth ward. even though we invested $500 million with new schools, new committee centers, new fire stations, continues really the struggle. as going to be an issue that we mayors across the country really have to think about in terms of rebuilding our relationship with the federal and state governments because we believe we are partners in that. and that partnership has frayed over the last 15 or 20 years. as congress fights about the things they fight about and hopefully passing of a structure quickly because we need it, we have to get to the next big issue of how we are going to integrate cities into the lifeblood of the relationship between the federal, state, and local governments. 85% of the people of america live in cities. the demographic trends have completely reversed and people are moving back into cities. we are going to have the same cut challenges as the rest of the nation is going to have.
1:37 pm
i think we are in a better position now to deal with those things, if, again, you got to earn this every day. if you let it go, restocking vigilant and stop showing up, he can go back. it's not quite a be as good. we've got to keep at it. how prepared is new orleans to respond to another storm like katrina, if there is one? is the hurricane protection of a structure strong enough? mayor landrieu: i'm going to put my parochial hat on. the levees broke. this was not a natural disaster. this was a man-made disaster. if a category five, rolling in a , thates per hour of speed has wind over 100 e-mails our hits any city in america, you should hope you would've gone by then. i think hurricane sandy demonstrated to us that we have many, many, many vulnerable cities. and on the scale of new orleans, new orleans isn't on the top.
1:38 pm
i think miami is number one, charleston is up there, new york is up there. i've said many times, defense of our great city, it's had ridiculous things said about it by seemingly educated people, that the storm did not hit us because we were bad people. it just didn't. i know there's this modern myth about that. you can get it to go cup on bourbon street for 24 hours, sometimes hurricane came and wanted to smack you. that is really not what happened. theave lots of hurricanes come in and out of the southern part of the country, they come in and go out, they are a wind events. i don't want to out anybody, but sometimes people have wine parties on their porch. [laughter] mayor landrieu: the wind comes in and it goes out. catastrophe did not occur until the federal levees the rhône, designed by the federal government broke. new orleans is a canary in a coal mine for this country, for those of you that are too young to understand that, please ask your parents. [laughter] mayor landrieu: on
1:39 pm
infrastructure investments, on income inequality, housing, all of that death, the rest of the country can learn from the things that new orleans suffered through. and then learn, hopefully, from the ways we learn to fix them as we have paid the debt back to you over time. the third thing is this. the city is much safer than it was, in terms of hurricane protection before. we have spent 14.6 billion federal dollars on fortifying the levees what we call category three standards. if another event came in just like this one, at the same speed at the same time, we have really good reason to believe that we would be fine. having said that, that is not an invitation, when the mayor calls for mandatory evacuation in new orleans or new york, or in south carolina, to think that we're going to beat mother nature. you're not. hurricane evacuation plan is better. our building plans are better. but this is where the coast comes into. the coast that you hear us talk so much about that protects the oil and gas infrastructure and the nation's national security
1:40 pm
and energy security also protects the physical space of new orleans because as the storms come in, if that coast retreats, the storm surges higher and that storm is not only the protector of the cultures of the people that live there, it's also the buffer for new orleans. the coast is important, the levees are important, the rebuilding is important. having a plan is important, all of those things, that's why the corps of engineers called a risk reduction strategy. you are notarantee going to get hurt, but new orleans is much better prepared and much stronger. do you believe that the bp oil spill is still having a negative effect on the buyers and coastal environment of louisiana? if so, what is being done to counter any long-term effects of this bill -- of this spill? mayor landrieu: as i started the speech, i tried to remind everybody that the city of new time, we- as of the were a massive tourism destination, had suffered dramatically after the attacks of 9/11.
1:41 pm
the whole tourism economy went to nothing, and we were in a weakened state. we just got back up after three years of devastation. and threena hit us weeks later, rita hit us, then ike, than gustav, than the national recession, then the bp oil spill. a lot of lives lost in the bp oil spill. of mored amount physical damage that was done, i would say that our relationship with bp has been somewhat strange since then. that there is residual damage from the storm. bp andink the recently, the state of louisiana, and most of the litigants, have now resolve their differences. are on the calf to cleaning up and making sure that not only does that never happen again, but that the money that is coming down through the amount of money that bp has to pay fines, through the restore act that senator landrieu past,
1:42 pm
the fair share act, that we have now accumulated a portion of money that is necessary to fund the master plan for restoring the coast and for cleaning up the coast. have a very long way to go on both of these things, and there's not enough money in it to actually make it happen. louisiana has been an historic fight, led by my sister, senator shoulders ofthe people going back forever to make sure that if we offer ourselves to the rest of the country as a place that will provide oil and gas, that we have to give revenues back to restore that which we bust up. this may seem it's common sense that we've kind of lost. you can drill, but you have to restore. that's called being a good steward of a natural resource. we are not in the debate of drill, don't drill. we have found a way to do that, and trying to find a way for the fisheries and authentic cultures everybody hass -- got to be doing for the purpose of helping the people of
1:43 pm
louisiana and the people of the country. it is only to benefit other folks and shareholders. you don't put money back into a to fix it, then you are going to basically give away the possibility of future energy independence for the country. we don't want to do that. i will believe that yet we have had a complete communion between the private sector and the public sector, washington, the state, new orleans about how to come up with a complete solution. i think we're well on our way, i believe that our relationship would bp has gotten much better. i think now folks are starting to come to the table. but it opened we are there yet. i do think if they are the day, what has to be about as preserving the livelihoods of the people that live in louisiana, that work in the industry, protect the land so that the nation can be energy security canonically secure. -- and economically secure. have a group of civilian officers that handle quality-of-life issues and crimes, and was created in 2014. it was touted as a way to help
1:44 pm
make the streets safer for residents and tourists alike. the first patrols have been on the streets for some months now, have a had any real effect on crime? they -- mayor landrieu: are not police officers, and they were never meant to supplant police officers. they were meant to take away the to do monday and things that enforcement folks could do so police officers can actually fight crime. i think they have made a great difference. one of the things that was a challenge for us and continues to be a challenge in the french is aer -- as you know, residential neighborhood, a business neighborhood, and received a lot of tourists, is to make sure the laws given force so there could be safety and civility on the streets and traffic and keep moving. many of you have seen this in new york. some of the officers are in police uniforms and they actually have a traffic division just like the one we just created that is designed to make sure that the quality-of-life issues are taken care of, the
1:45 pm
trafficking is moving so police officers themselves can work on violent crime. we had great success in the french quarter. we continue to have challenges in the city of new orleans related to crime, just like we do all over america. in this instance, protecting the french quarter is critically important. but so is protecting every neighborhood in the city. we have 73 of them. i want to protect all the tourists who come in town, i want to protect the resident there. we are great progress. a federalen under decree for five years, the city has been forced by the justice department to pay most of that by ourselves. we continue to work with the judge, and with federal monitors to retrain, supervise, and hire more police officers. we will continue to do that. that's like fixing the plane while it's flying in midair. not an easy proposition. i feel good about the progress we have made. like anything else, i would say it's a work in progress and we have a ways to go. john: what are you doing to improve police community
1:46 pm
relations, particularly in the african-american community? mayor landrieu: that is a great question. in new orleans, we always spend a lot of time on this. you see this manifesting itself all across the country. when there is an event that takes place between a police officer and a citizen, there is a frame that is just evident all over america. in new orleans, we spent a lot of time with community leaders. we have come in each police costrict, something called co officers. we have advisory boards in every police district we have trade we have regular meetings with the faith-based communities. whoake sure that they know the captive in their district is, who the commander is that oversees their cabin. is anlice chief himself elder in his church, who spends a huge amount of time across the community, and staying in touch makes a big difference.
1:47 pm
the people of new orleans have demonstrated time and time again that they are amazingly resilient, and thoughtful and reasonable. we have had a couple of police involved shootings. one of them resulted in the arrest of a police officer. and he is serving time because he did a bad thing. one of them did not, because the circumstances indicated that there were guns that were drawn, the police officer was trying to defend himself. instances, after the shootings, the justice system worked. the independent police monitor showed up, the federal police monitor showed up, there was an open, transparent analysis of what happened. there was due process, and that justice was done. and in those circumstances, when you have that, everybody is fair-minded about it. i'm not saying that in all instances, the families are always happy with the police are always happy, the system of making sure that there is equality and fair judgment, and a fair look, that justice was
1:48 pm
done is something i think we've got right in new orleans in the last five years. everybody knows about the events to -- events that took place during katrina. those matters have been winding through the court system. in some instances, those things are still pending. but there's a dramatic difference in this new police department and the work that we are doing. again, this issue is not just about police in the community. it lays on top of economics. it lays on top of geography. it lays on top of how historical inequities lights. when stop talking about crime in america, this is not just about the police showing up after the fact my whether or not they arrest of her really were secure appropriately, although that is important. there's a much deeper dive that the united states has to do, as it relates to how are we going to make sure that everybody in america has an opportunity to do well? i don't think we have scratch the service on this. i don't think we talk about it easily in this country.
1:49 pm
race is something that scares us. race is really sending that is hard. the way we like to say this in new orleans is you can't go over it, you can go around it -- you can't go under it, you can't go around it. you have to be thoughtful and give each other a lot of room if we are going to get there. i think it is really clear that in this country, as much as we have aspired to be in a post-racial world, i think it is pretty clear that we are not there yet. i think we can get there, and i think there is demonstrable evidence, given what's going on in south carolina and across the south that people really are ready, although it's really hard it hurts, and their histrionics on both side, to have a discussion. , this is notld say an either/or between the community and the police. we have got to get back to where the community and the police are one. i think a lot of police officers feel under assault in this country. there are badces, police officers that have done bad things.
1:50 pm
by and large, most of them do the right thing for the right reasons. the same thing is true of the community. i think a really sober discussion that's been taking place in the u.s. conference of mayors, that's been taking place all across this country, are things that we have to move to come out away from, because of the problem we know we can solve, because hasn't always been this way. do you have any authority to pardon or commute sentences of nonviolent drug offenders? if not, would you support such legislation or approach? mayor landrieu: i don't have the authority to do that. things are settled in baton rouge of the state house rather than on the local level, which are pretty significant. when i was lieutenant governor, i lead something called juvenile justice reform commission. it was designed to look at the juvenile justice system and determine whether or not we were arresting the wrong people, not arresting the right people, whether we were spending our money the right way, spending too much or too less. we actually looked at the state of missouri and found that in misery, they released her thinking about a right.
1:51 pm
what they found was that we were resting the wrong kids for the wrong reason and putting them in the wrong place and not arresting the right to. as the consequent we are spending way too much money. we want a good result, the recidivism -- we weren't getting a good result in the recidivism rate was higher. that exact thing is happening in the adult prison system in america as well. as a consequence, i am heartened by the work that i see on the federal level. this is one area where the feds are outpacing the states. ,ou got a bipartisan coalition funded by the koch brothers, of all folks, and some of the folks that come together and decided that we have an upside down. a lot of this has nothing to do with violent criminals that are committing violent crimes. this has to do with people that are committing nonviolent crimes after a whole bunch of reasons, do not get a -- inappropriate help or substance abuse treatment. judge orderingl the people of the city to become
1:52 pm
-- the hospital for mental care for prisoners. we're about to spend more money, by a lot, on a few people that are incarcerated. if we spent one half of it on the outside of the jailhouse door, the circumstance would be 1000% better. the consequent of those kinds of policies that are not really lining up with each other, you find a huge number of people that are in prison. , on a cost per day for taxpayers, a lot of money. if there's a better, smarter when they do it, the cheaper, the next and get healthy, that makes the streets safer and reduces the recidivism rate, why wouldn't you want to have a serious discussion about that? this is one thing i think we are ready to talk about this country. stateery hopeful that the of louisiana come on the state level, will participate in a just what the feds talk about the 20% of folks that are in the country that are in jail. most of them are in state prisons. and there encouraged by it and would like to participate.
1:53 pm
at the end of the day, the streets have to be safe, but we have to be smart and make sure that when folks come out of jail, we don't put them in jail select the right back. that doesn't seem to be very fiscally prudent, it's not good for the streets either. this questionnaire, mr. mayor, says residents and alike regularly lose caps on there front and alignments driving over new orleans the tory asleep crumbling streets. is there any plan to systematically tackle this historicallye crumbling streets. [applause] [laughter] mayor landrieu: intended to tell you a story. was sworn in, i went to my dad, i was looking for father advice, i was looking for a hug, i love you son. i said tomorrow, and taking office, is there anything you want? to tell me? he said my wichita, you own
1:54 pm
every pothole the city. never was a more pressing things said from one layer to another. we have literally repaved moore street in new orleans in the last three years and most mayors have in the history of the city. the city was wiped out. if you go down any major street in the city, and by the way, it cost $7 million a mile repave the city. we've got a lot of miles, that we will $9 billion we were going to fix all of them. because we have limited resources, and because the reimbursement didn't match the damage, that's what we focus on. almost every major city, every street in the city has been done. select the issue of lights. i can tell you we are taking in more light than anywhere else in america. and that's true. i hope it will get an award for that or something. but it doesn't really matter, my letter to somebody, governing magazine that we did that. it doesn't matter to the person that's next-door to the white house that is blighted. same thing is true about potholes.
1:55 pm
the city of new orleans was built on a swamp. we have terrible interior streets. the truth of the matter is that have -- as we have been rebuilding all of the stuff of the city, from schools to airports all the things we need, we have a major problem with interior streets. which are sitting on top of a sewer system that was destroyed by katrina, the leading 40% of its water. i'm still in a fight with the federal government about nicking sure that they reimburse us adequately, so we can actually put that plan together, that you me about, that will allow us to impart, to put the interior streets back together. that negotiation is not yet done. fema has been a really good partner come over there give you anything. you got to wrestle. you got to make your case. because the american public has a right to make sure that we don't get reimbursed for anything we are not entitled to, and have a right to make sure that we do get reimbursed for everything we are entitled to. when that is done, we will put together a long-term plan. because that's the next big major in the structure freeze.
1:56 pm
it goes to sending the u.s. conference of mayors has talked a lot to congress about, every mayor in america says this, every commerce and says it, but no one will vote for it. if a structure in this country and lack of investment is making us noncompetitive with other major countries that are going to eat our lunch. airports,e about ports, roads, bridges, interior streets, exterior streets. we are way behind. is something we've got to work on in this country that will require a national conversation, and a federal partnership. and not necessarily the same thing, but they both have to matter. this has been a clarion call in the u.s. conference of mayors across ideology. republican mayors, democratic mayors, big mayors, small mayors who are on the ground living this reality. they're actually yelling out to congress the one thing we all agree on is massive infrastructure investments so that we can compete on a global level. before i ask a final question, i have some housekeeping.
1:57 pm
the national press club is the world's leading professional organization for journalists. to learn more about the club, visit our website, to donate to our nonprofit journalism institute, visit i would like to remind you about upcoming speakers. this thursday, august 20, republican presidential candidate rick santorum will discuss his immigration plan. on september 2, south carolina governor haley will address a luncheon. the topic, mr. mayor, is the new south. on september 5, the press club will hold its annual 5k to raise money for journalism scholarships, training, and press freedom. i would now like to present our guest with the traditional national press club mug. [applause]
1:58 pm
john: i think there are many suitable beverages in new orleans you could enjoy and that mug. we will list them all, it will take too long. louisiana is well known for its colorful politicians. in your opinion, how does donald trump compare with governor hugh elong and former governor edmund edwards? [laughter] mayor landrieu: i'm looking forward to nikki haley's speech, she does nothing special and south carolina. [applause] think elected: i officials across the south, republican and democrat, put that behind us and look forward, that makes the south but was strong. the south has a lot to offer the united states of america. that, withoutink
1:59 pm
getting competition, we can act -- actually lead the nation, but got to put down this issue of race. we have to make sure everyone in this country feels included. i'm thankful to her for leading this effort and i look forward to partnering with her come all of our friends across the south to talk about with the new south looks like for the rest of the country. donald trump would fit in real good with you long, and with edmund edwards. one of the things we've done in louisiana is kind of ads in color to the word colorful. no matter what you think about the donald, you have to say, he is spicing it up. real good on the farm were they make tabasco sauce. come down to louisiana, we would love to see him. john: how about a run of applause for our speaker? -- a round of applause for our speaker? [applause] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2015] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit]
2:00 pm
john: i hope you come back and see us sometime soon. i would like to thank the national press club staff, including its journalism institute and broadcast center for organizing today's events. if you would like a copy of today's program, or to learn more about the club, go to that website, thank you, we're adjourned. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2015]
2:01 pm
[indistinct conversations] >> if you missed any of our coverage of mr. mayor landrieu from remarks, you can check the c-span video library to see his entire address. go to
2:02 pm
2:03 pm
2:04 pm
2:05 pm
[indistinct conversations]
2:06 pm
2:07 pm
2:08 pm
2:09 pm
2:10 pm
2:11 pm
2:12 pm
2:13 pm
>> as this event comes to a close, we will have more about the 10th anniversary of hurricane katrina on monday. the atlantic magazine will host a daylong symposium evaluating the new orleans recovery, with preparedness, emergency management, and race all expected to be discussed. it will have new orleans mayor landrieu, among others. congress remains on its rate until early next month. many members continue to offer their opinions on the iran nuclear deal. bob corker of tennessee came out against the deal and new jersey
2:14 pm
said thatb menendez he will vote against the deal. menendez explained in a speech today at seton hall university in south orange, new jersey. agreement being reached failed to do the one outg it said it -- it set to achieve. it authorizes and supports the roadmap it run will need to arrive at its target. he went on to say "i will vote to disapprove the agreement and if called upon will vote to override a veto." he announced his opposition to the deal just after 1:00 p.m. eastern today. the road to the white house continues through iowa today. we bring you remarks from ohio's -- iowa governor john kasich. he will address the fair at 5:00
2:15 pm
p.m. eastern here on c-span. earlier, florida senator marco rubio addressed in the fair. here is what he had to say. [applause] i am going to cut it a little shorter because they see another band is coming through and i do not want everyone to get all wet. probably a little too late for that. i want to tell you why i am running for president. you to do for your children what my parents did for me. my parents came from cuba, they barely spoke the language, had no money and very little education. they were able to buy a home and raise a family, they were able to retire with dignity and leave all four children better off than themselves. what i am worried about, americans feel like they can no longer achieve that. world is changing and our policies must change with it. we are not just facing an
2:16 pm
economic downturn. we are facing an economic transformation. it's just like the industrial revolution, except it is happening faster and it is deeper. the jobs that once nation on earth. there is no reason we cannot fix this. america remains a great country. it can be even greater. the 21st century can be greater than the 20th century. but there are things we need to do. the first thing we need to do, we need to modernize our economic policy to compete with the world. there are dozens of countries that compete with us for the best jobs, the best new businesses, the best ideas. and we have tax policies and regulatory policies and national debt holding us back. not fully utilizing our
2:17 pm
energy resources. we have to repeal our health care law and replace it with something that gives every opportunity to buy what ever health coverage they want. if we do this, america will create millions of the best jobs the new century has. which leads me to the second thing we need to do. we need to modernize higher education. we cannot continue with a 20th century system that tells people you either get a four-year degree or nothing at all. for many, that degrees and accessible. for millions more, they are borrowing money to pay for those degrees and they still can't find a job. we need more people trained to be welders and airplane mechanics and machinist's. these are good paying jobs. somehow we have stigmatized them as a country. a welder makes more than a political science major and we
2:18 pm
need to train more young americans to do it. it the second thing we need is flexible higher education. single mother who raids two kids and works full-time for nine dollars an hour as a home health aide. the only way she will get a job is to -- you will get a raise is to get a job as a dental hygienist or paralegal. and to do that just go back to school, but she can't because she has to raise a family. we need programs that allow people to get the equivalent of a degree and alternative institutions that allow them to package learning no matter how they acquired it. let people learn online for free. give them credit. suddenly that receptionist, instead of making $10 or $12 an hour can be a paralegal making $65,000 a year. i'm not saying we will get rid of four-year colleges. after all, how will we get college football without them? [laughter]
2:19 pm
senator rubio: i am saying this. we can't keep graduating people with degrees that do not lead to jobs. that is why i believe before you take out a student loan, the how muchould tell you people make when they graduate from that school with that degree. so, you can decide if it is borrowing $50,000 for a major and greek philosophy. after all, the job market for greek philosophers has been very tight for a thousand years. .orth korea is run by a lunatic is challenging nato. in the middle east, radical jihad-ism spreads across countries. multiple iran is on the verge of acquiring a nuclear weapon and long-range rockets capable of striking us. the most important obligation of the federal government is keep you safe and be safe in her
2:20 pm
family safe and it's not doing that now because we have eviscerated our defense bending. navy and air force smaller and older than it has been in decades. we cannot continue to do these things. we must fix this. we must improve our defenses so we remain the most powerful military force in the world and we must have a policy of clarity, one that makes it clear to our allies we are with them, not our adversaries. one that makes it clear our nation will do what ever it takes to make sure the only pro-american democracy in the middle east, the state of israel, prospers and survives as a jewish state. we can do all three of these things. will do, the 20th century be the greatest era that america has ever known. by saying this. i america does not only anything. but i have a debt to america i
2:21 pm
will never repay. this is a nation that literally change the history of my family. when my father was nine years old as a young boy in the streets of havana, his mother died and it nine years of age, he had to go to work and leave school. he would never go back to school. he would work for the next 70 years of his life. when he was a young man, he had dreams. they became impossible. his dream became to give us the chance he never could. he worked primarily as a banquet bartender. he worked so we would have the chance to do the things he never could. a journey my family was able to make in this country. the journey from that bar in the back of the room to the soapbox here today. that journey is the essence of the american dream. it is what makes our nation's special. it is what makes our nation different. as americans, we are all a generation or two removed from someone who did that for us. we are called upon to make sure the american dream does not just survive, but it reaches more
2:22 pm
people and changes more lives than ever before. we are called not just to keep america special in great, but greater than it ever has been. if we can achieve these things, we will go out in history as the next great american generation. we will go down in history as the authors of a new american century and we will leave for our children what our parents left for us, the single greatest nation man has ever known. i thank you for coming out and braving the rain and maybe even some lightning later. i appreciate you coming to hear our message. what is at stake here is not just what political party is going to win, but what candidate is going to govern? you and i were left by our parents and grandparents the greatest nation in the history of the world. it is our obligation to keep it that way, and there's no reason why we can't's. together, we can build the new american century.
2:23 pm
that is why i am asking you to caucus for me. we will begin the process of selecting the next american president. the good news is it will signal the end of eight years of failure. it will signal the end of the obama administration -- [applause] i knew you would like that. [laughter] is,tor rubio: the question what comes next for america and what comes next if we are willing to do what must be done? i am asking for your support on february 4. i am asking you to caucus for me. thank you and god bless you. i appreciate it very much. thank you. [applause]
2:24 pm
>> i did not know -- senator rubio: good, now you know now. don't have a camera. >> we will take it. >> thank you. [indiscernible] senator rubio: are you? are you really? small world. >> [indiscernible] >> thank you. sir.lcome to iowa, senator rubio: thank you. thank you very much. [indiscernible]
2:25 pm
[indiscernible] >> welcome to iowa. senator rubio: i'm glad to be here with you. just we thought we were going to miss you. well, here you are. you found the right spot. [indiscernible] >> it wiggles and wiggles. senator rubio: that is what i see. that's a good way to work out. i need one of those.
2:26 pm
>> [indiscernible] senator rubio: how are you? thank you. >> [indiscernible] soator rubio: thank you much. i appreciate that encouragement. >> [indiscernible] senator rubio: no, i'm going to eat later. [indiscernible] >> would you like to meet the senator? >> thank you. senator rubio: good.
2:27 pm
how are you? good to see you.
2:28 pm
senator rubio: you almost ran out of space. >> yes, i know. senator rubio: keep it alphabetical. we may need to switch it around any time somebody shows up. it looks good. you're lucky to have enough room. that was great. all right, are we ready? [indiscernible] senator rubio: he is looking over my shoulder. actually, that aligns up perfectly. thank you. thank you very much.
2:29 pm
>> [indiscernible] >> he was eared -- senator rubio: he was here. he was not going to be here and so 1:30. he was on the ground. >> [indiscernible] is that?ubio: who >> amy casanova is her name. senator rubio: in cuba? >> [indiscernible] senator rubio: but you are hosting her? >> [indiscernible] she survived the castro regime. for a long time there are atheist -- they did not even allow a christian. senator rubio: well, thank you very good to see you. i look for to going back.
2:30 pm
>> welcome to iowa. -- i look forward to coming back. >> welcome to iowa. [laughter] [indiscernible] >> [indiscernible] senator rubio: it will work itself out. it always does. >> any farmer who says they don't need grain is crazy. senator rubio: we got that worked out. >> that's what i heard. >> i came to thousand miles and -- i came to thousand miles and sat in the rain for an hour. senator rubio: oh, my gosh. we've got to get a picture with you. >> [indiscernible] senator rubio: thank you.
2:31 pm
all right. thank you for coming. where did you come from? >> [indiscernible] senator rubio: oh, my god. where is your camera? one more. >> thank you. thank you. senator rubio: are you enjoying the fair otherwise? thank you so much for coming all the way here. i really appreciate it. [indiscernible] >> i was up there a week ago for the debate. >> god bless you. senator rubio: god bless you, too. >> senator, thank you. >> how are you? good to see you. >> thank you for your conservative views. senator rubio: how are you?
2:32 pm
senator rubio: good to see you. thanks for having me here. >> [indiscernible] >> 30 minutes outside. >> [indiscernible]
2:33 pm
>> watch out behind you, man. >> quite a reception in her. what -- you have quite a reception here. what is your message? senator rubio: but i think his america -- that i think america is great. and i want to do what my parents did for me. -- talkingsk you about immigration, trump finally putting out a paper. what are your thoughts on his plan? senator rubio: i have not read his plan. there are a couple ideas he shares with multiple people. i have not a -- i have not had a chance to read his plan.
2:34 pm
we need to start by enforcing immigration laws. once we do that, we need to modernize, so the people we allowed to come in come in on marriage of building a . and then we have to deal with the reality that we have 13 million emigrants, many of whom have been here longer than 10 years. if there are criminals, they can't stay. lesson from our efforts over the years. >> you were here last night, writing the rise with your family. you are a young senator. a lot of iowans tell me they relate to you. that is why i was so focused on student loan debt. alternative educational plans. that is why we want to increase the child tax credit.
2:35 pm
that is why we want to cut the burden on small business. that is why we want to expand , sochildcare tax credit students going back to school have somewhere to put their kids. i think it is 35 out of 50 states, childcare is more expensive than higher education. these are challenges real americans are facing. we have an agenda we are very proud of. hey, how are you? >> good to see you. senator rubio: we were here last night area -- last night, too. >> my daughters were here. they went to the concert and i rode rides with the boys. knockabout $50 trying to down a bottle. it was fun. we had a great time. >> we appreciate your contribution to the iowa economy.
2:36 pm
senator rubio: maybe it was more to the carnival guys taking my money. >> [indiscernible] senator rubio: that's great. i'm glad we did our part. senator rubio: i'm glad you brought your camera. i think they are often looking at a giant pumpkin somewhere. >> the butter cow -- senator rubio: we have not seen the butter cow. we have to go see that. we look forward to that. >> come in many have you had so far? senator rubio: i have had won just about every day. >> funnel cakes and cotton candy and all that stuff. >> sugar. senator rubio: well, good. i'm glad i saw you. >> [indiscernible] >> ok, ok.
2:37 pm
they are wearing their iowa state colors. >> oh! -- >> he is a good friend and he came for my birthday party. i am trying to be a good host. we appreciate all of the candidates. we are excited about him coming and giving them a chance to see iowa at its best, actually. i support him, and i'm really impressed. i think he is definitely a rising star in the republican ranks. we are very proud of his record and appreciative of him coming. senator rubio: thank you so much. >> do you plan to spend more time here in iowa?
2:38 pm
senator rubio: where are we going? >> right over here. senator rubio: do you have an umbrella? what are you selling? >> not joe's. nachos.rubio: -- >> senator rubio: nachos. i have to point this out because television is visual -- fine sure choice today, sir. -- find shirt choice today, sir. enjoy, enjoy. what do you plan on reading trump's immigration plan?
2:39 pm
>> do you plan on reading trump's immigration plan? [indiscernible] can we borrow any corn here or no? can we buy anyo: corn here or no? >> [indiscernible] senator rubio: how long are you open? >> until 9:00. senator rubio: so, we have until 9:00 to stuff the ballot box. >> [indiscernible] >> you have to be 18. senator rubio: thank you.
2:40 pm
my sons are here, too. >> [indiscernible] is 15. rubio: amanda three more years. the next time i come -- maybe in three or four years, as president, i hope. thank you so much. i appreciate it. >> ready? which way are we going? senator rubio: daniela, come here, please. >> [indiscernible] >> hey, can i get a picture? senator rubio: thank you, guys.
2:41 pm
>> [indiscernible] >> oh, dear. >> where is she? oh, over there? >> [indiscernible] senator rubio: the guy we are following, in white? >> [indiscernible] senator rubio: it was like stop and start and stop and start. i was worried, on the radio they said that it was going to be lightning. >> where are we going? >> [speaking spanish]
2:42 pm
senator rubio: we are not going to be able to that thing. it's probably shut down. >> yeah, looks like it. [indiscernible] >> oh, there are goes. it is spinning again. this morning it was not moving at all. >> i will get a photo. president, how will you address global poverty? senator rubio: well, we do now. america does more than any country in the world. -- thethe goals we have
2:43 pm
main things we can do, obviously is help develop the economy through literacy, health care, ultimately rule of law. i feel like america does more now than any place in the world. >> [indiscernible] senator rubio: people think it is more than it actually is. it's only 1% of our budget. i have no problem with it. in some cases, i have called for increases. i would like to see more accountability on some of it. i have some reforms on some of it. for example, we did enact that required countries -- if they want to receive foreign aid, they have to make sure they get birth certificates. would never propose cuts to it.
2:44 pm
what i'm looking for is ways to improve accountability. i would like the programs to get back to historic old -- historic numbers. >> [indiscernible] >> [indiscernible] senator rubio: how are you? >> cheryl. senator rubio: cheryl. >> [indiscernible] [laughter] >> nice to see you. senator rubio: nice to see you? what have you got going? >> burgers.
2:45 pm
senator rubio: [indiscernible] >> thank you. i enjoy doing this. senator rubio: did you already flip these? >> you are going to be in my hometown tonight. senator rubio: i am. [indiscernible] yeah, these have some time left. we do this every sunday. or most every sunday. [indiscernible] senator rubio: i got here as 7:00 a.m. [indiscernible] [indiscernible] are they all pretty much the same time?
2:46 pm
do you think the edges are hotter? it looks like the middle might -- >> [indiscernible] key,or rubio: that is the is to only flip them once. these?e what is the meat? >> pork burgers. senator rubio: is there a particular reason? [indiscernible] you ever had a pork burger? >> [indiscernible] well, i have had a pork chop. i have not had it on a stick.
2:47 pm
it is pork, ground down. not as spicy, a lot thinner. they are just trying to see if i burn anything. i am not going to burn pork. >> you do this at home? senator rubio: i do. right, guys? [laughter] senator rubio: these need a little more time. like to grill. mostly hamburgers. other stuff. steak. we roast a whole hog on christmas. >> that's great. it's a lot of work.
2:48 pm
>> [indiscernible] senator rubio: yeah. we have plenty. we do plenty of pork. we're cuban. you want a pork chop? no? were these frozen? >> yeah. the second batch of burgers today. [indiscernible] trying to see i'm -- these all look like they have already gone -- >> what is your favorite food at the fair here? senator rubio: i like the funnel cake. this is ready. i think this one is ready. don't you? >> i think they all are. senator rubio: you think they all are?
2:49 pm
are there any vegetarians? well, we are not trying today. [indiscernible] um, these are going to have to go a while though. [laughter] >> a you like your meat really raw. >> put diet pepsi -- >> don't trust him. [laughter] senator rubio: we'll take some of these off here. >> you bet. >> thank you. i'm justubio: wondering how many we are singeing right now. >> yeah, someone is going to get
2:50 pm
burned. they are walking backwards. senator rubio: what time do you start? >> generally we get here in the evening and things start happening right away. senator rubio: is there a target temperature you like to get to? >> yes, everything has to reach 145. >> hey, over here! senator rubio: hey. >> hate. senator rubio: -- >> hey. senator rubio: you want a pork burger? >> a little bit more on that. senator rubio: the other white meat. >> that's right. [indiscernible] so, what do you think? do you think these are already? >> just give them a little -- thetor rubio: what does grill get to? >> pardon?
2:51 pm
senator rubio: what does the grill get to? >> oh, about 350, 400 degrees. senator rubio: are they frozen when they go on? >> yes. senator rubio: these take a lot longer. start bleeding -- it's time to flip them. it, theer you cook lower -- [indiscernible] senator rubio: right. we roast a whole hog for christmas every year. [indiscernible] we spent 12 hours last year on the one we had. at some point, you're just guessing. you're just looking at it. >> my wife and i do a lot of cooking and i do a lot of smoking. senator rubio: you ever use a roaster? we roast with charcoal. they call it -- in spanish. they do it in cuba by digging a
2:52 pm
hole in the ground. no one was to dig a hole in the yard anymore. it takes a lot longer that way. >> right. senator rubio: we are ready when you are. all take that over to you. >> here, let me stir it for you. we've got to try it. >> you bet. [laughter] senator rubio: i think this is the one you made. that's good. thanks for having us, chef. >> [indiscernible] [indistinct conversations] >> you got it working?
2:53 pm
>> [indiscernible] senator rubio: i did. i do that every sunday. >> thank you. we appreciate it. [indiscernible] >> how are you? thanks for having us guys. i appreciate it. >> i am a pork guy, and i -- senator rubio: oh, you are? [laughter] >> [indiscernible] you arerubio:
2:54 pm
everywhere. they have a big distribution center in south florida, don't they? we do. i just retired. senator rubio: you did? so, you are here? >> i'm living around in atlanta. i'm having a good time. >> [indiscernible] >> i do. we have one if you would like 1 -- senator rubio: when i ran for senate, we got really interested -- we worked with them on a bunch of things. >> we appreciate all of the support you have given us over the years. senator rubio: you guys do a great job. >> we appreciate it a lot. senator rubio: you create a lot of awareness. >> [indiscernible] senator rubio: where is your camera? you can download that online.
2:55 pm
you look ready to go. are they working here? >> they are. senator rubio: they don't get to go on rides? >> later. senator rubio: oh, later. thank you, guys. >> [indiscernible] [laughter] might haveio: i overcooked them, not undercooked to them. [laughter] senator rubio: thank you. thanks for having me. senator rubio: let me guess, they are having pork? [laughter] >> [indiscernible] >> hi. your plan to turn
2:56 pm
minnesota into a red state? senator rubio: you know, we have a plan for all americans. i think americans in minnesota and all of the country want do better thanto themselves. the only way we will do that is to become globally competitive, modernize higher education, and make sure our military is the strongest in the world. we need to do at job of convincing them that we are the party that stands with them. >> thank you. >> [indiscernible] >> senator, what did you learn today, anything? >> [indiscernible]
2:57 pm
>> coming up tonight on c-span, liberal activist at the annual annual left at the forum in new york city. featuring speakers and activists -- among the speakers a hip-hop artist, clergy, and commuted organizers. here is a brief serbia. >> the democratic or a for me is a series of interest groups that cooperate at election time. some of this group represent the corporations, fighting for things like tbp, and they fight for imperialism. they do many things that you and i would disagree with, or all three of us would is agree with.
2:58 pm
but other parts of the democratic party are fighting to have more rights for unions and increase wages for low income workers and more rights for people who work so our families can be better off. of these parts democratic party, in my opinion, should not be conflated with the other part. carl davidson talks about it being a six party system in this country, not a two-party system. there are four elements to the democratic party. i feel like i am one of those elements and bernie sanders is the champion of that particular faction and i'm going to do what i can to support him, because i would like to help make that faction victorious over the corporations. a brief clip of tonight's program from the left forum. you can see it in its entirety :30 eastern on
2:59 pm
c-span. >> follow the c-span cities tour as we tour outside the beltway and across america. >> the idea is to take programming on the road beyond the beltway, to produce pieces that are more visual and provide a window into the cities a viewer would not normally go to that really have rich histories and a rich literary scene as well. >> a lot of people of her the history of the big cities, new york, l.a., chicago. the what about the smaller ones like albany, new york? over 90ll have been to cities in april 2016. >> these are not event coverage type pieces. they are shorter. they take you someplace, to a home, and historic site. >> we partner with cable affiliates to explore the history and literary culture of various cities. >> the key entry into the city is the cable operator who contacts the city.
3:00 pm
in essence, it is the cable industry bringing us there. >> we are looking for great characters. you want your viewers to be able to identify with these people we are talking about. >> it is an experiential type of program taking people on the road to places where they can touch things, see things, and learn. it is not just local history. a lot of local history plays into the national story. >> if someone is watching this, it should be enticing enough they can get the idea of the story. but also feel as if this is in our backyard. let's go see it. >> we want viewers to get a sense that i know this place just from watching one of our pieces. >> the c-span mission, as with all of our coverage, believes in what we do on the road. >> it got to be able to communicate the message about this network in order to do this job. it has donth