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tv   President Dwight Eisenhower Farewell Address  CSPAN  January 16, 2017 8:00pm-8:17pm EST

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to see a person's name or senate committee. a tag for a policy vote. o the left side, it's very valuable for narrowing down. search, click and play. >> coming up next, we'll look at presidents giving their farewell address beginning with in 1961 senhower followed by ronald reagan in and bill clinton in 2001 george bush in 2009. president dwight d. eisenhower delivered his farewell address . >> the speech took place at the included what he warned called the military complex.l this is 15 minutes.
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>> three days from now, after century, in the service lay downuntry, i shall the responsibilities of office. in traditional and solemn the authority of the in my ncy is vested successo successor. to you to share a few with you, my countrymen. i like every other citizen wish the new president and all who labor with him godspeed. pray that the coming years will be blessed with peace and all.erity for >> our people expect their president and the congress to of agreement on issues of great moment. resolution of which the future of pe the nation. my only relations with the
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remotes which began on a and tenuous basis began long ago, when the senate appointed -- west point, have since [inaudible] and immediate post war period. in this final relationship, the ongress and the administration issues most vital cooperated well ch. and so have assured that the of the nation should go forward. forward. my official relationship with the
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congress ends in a feeling on my part of gratitude that we have been able to do so much we now stand ten years past the mid point of a century that has witnessed four major wars, among great nations. three of these involved our own country. despite these holocausts, america is today the strongest, the most influential, and most productive nation in the world. understandably proud of this preeminence, we yet realize that america's leadership and prestige depend not morally upon our unmatched material progress, riches, and military strength, but on how we use our power in the interest of world peace and human benefit. throughout america's adventure in free government, our basic purposes have been to keep the peace, to foster progress in human achievement. and to enhance liberty, dignity, and integrity among people and among nations. to strive for less would be unworthy of a free and religious
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people. any failure traceable to arrogance or our lack of comprehension or ready not to sacrifice would inflict upon us grievous hurt. both at home and abroad. progress toward these noble goals is persistently threatened by the conflict now engulfing the world. it commands our whole attention, absorbs our very beings. we face a hostile ideology, global in scope, atheistic in character, ruthless in purpose and insidious in method. unhappily the danger it poses promises to be of indefinite duration. to meet it successfully, there is call for not so much the emotional and transitory sacrifices of crisis but rather those which enable us to carry forward steadily, surely, and without complaint the burdens of a prolonged and complex struggle
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with liberty the state. only thus shall we remain despite every provocation on our charted course toward permanent peace and human betterment. crises there will continue to be. in meeting them whether foreign or domestic, great or small, there is a recurring temptation to fuel some costly action could become the miraculous solution to all current difficulties. a huge increase in newer elements of our defenses, development of unrealistic program to cure every ill in agriculture. a dramatic expansion in basic and applied research. these and many other possibilities each possibly promising itself may be suggested as the only way to the road we wish to travel. but each proposal must be weighed in the light of a
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broader consideration. the need to maintain balance in and among national programs. balance between the private and the public economy. balance between the cost and hoped for advantages. balance between the clearly necessary and the comfortably desirable. balance between our essential requirements as a nation and the duties imposed by the nation upon the individual. balance between actions of the moment and the national welfare of the future. good judgment seeks balance in progress. lack of it eventually finds imbalance and frustration. the record of many decades stands as proof that our people and their government have in the main understood these truths and have responded to them well in the face of threat and stress. but threats new in kind or
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degree constantly arrives. of these i mention two only. a vital element in keeping the peace is our military establishment. our arms must be mighty, ready for instant action so that no potential aggressor may be tempted to risk his own destruction. our military organization today bears little relation to that known of any of my predecessors in peacetime, or indeed, by the fighting men of world war ii or korea. the united states had no armaments industry. american maker of plow shares could with time and as required
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make swords as well, but we can no longer risk emergency improvisation of national defense. we have been compelled to prepare a permanent armaments industry. how to do this? 300,000 men and women are involved in the defense. we spend more than the net income of all united states corporations. this conjunction of an immense establish establishmentarianism is felt in every state house, every office of the federal government. we recognize the imperative need for this development, yet we must not fail to comprehend its grave implications. our toil, resources and livelihood are all involved. so is the very structure of our society. in the councils of government, we must guard against the
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acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military industrial complex. the potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist. we must never let the weight of this combination endanger our liberties or democratic processes. we should take nothing for granted, only an alert and knowledgeable citizen can compel the proper meshing of the huge industrial and military machinery of defense with our peaceful methods and goals. so that security and liberty may prosper together. akin to and likewise responsible for the sweeping changes in our industrial military posture has been the technological revolution during recent decades. in this revolution, research has become central.
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it also becomes more formalized, complex and costly. a steadily increasing share is conducted for, by, or at the direction of the federal government. today the solitary inventor, tinkering in his shop, has been overshadowed by past forces of scientists in laboratories and testing fields. in the same fashion, the free university, historically the fountainhead of free ideas and scientific discovery, has experienced a revolution in the conduct of research, partly because of the huge costs involved, a government contract becomes virtually a substitute for intellectual curiosity. for every old blackboard, there are now hundreds of new electronic computers.
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the prospect of domination of the nation's scholars by federal employment, project allocations and the power of money is ever present and is gravely to be regarded. yet in holding scientific research and discovery in respect, as we should, we must also be alert to the equal and opposite danger that public policy could itself become the captive of a scientific, technological elite. it's the task of statesmanship to mold, to balance, and to integrate forces new and old within the democratic system, ever aiming toward the supreme goals of our free society. another factor in maintaining balance involves the element of time. as we peer into society's future, we, you and i and our government, must avoid the impulse to live only for today,
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plundering for our own inconvenience the precious resources of tomorrow. we cannot mortgage the material assets of our grandchildren without risking the loss also of their political and spiritual heritage. we want democracy to survive for all generations to come, not to become the insolvent family of tomorrow. during the long line of the history yet to be written, america knows that this world of ours, ever growing smaller, must avoid becoming a community of dreadful fear and hate and be instead the proud confederation of mutual trust and respect.
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such a confederation must be one of equals. the weakest must come to the conference table with the same weakness as we, protected by our own moral and military strength. that table, though discarded by many past frustrations, cannot be abandoned by the certainty of the battlefield. disarmament is a continuing imperative. together we must learn how to compose differences, not with arms, but with intellect and decent purpose. because this need is so sharp and apparent, i confess that i laid down my official responsibilities in this field with a definite sense of disappointment. as one who has witnessed the horror and the lingering sadness of war, as one who knows that another war could utterly destroy this civilization which has been so slowly and painfully built over thousands of years, i
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wish i could say tonight that a lasting peace is in sight. happily, i can say that war has been avoided. steady progress toward our ultimate goal has been made. but so much remains to be done. as a private citizen, i shall never cease to do what little i can to help the world advance along that road. so in this, my last goodnight to you as your president, i thank you for the many opportunities you've given me for public service in war and in peace. i trust in that service, you will find some things worthy. as for the rest of it, i know you will find ways to improve performance in the future. you and i, my fellow citizens, need to be strong in our faith, that all nations under god will reach the goal of peace with
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justice. may we be ever unswerving in devotion to principle, confident but humble with power, diligent in pursuit to the nation's great goals. to all the people of the world, i once bore the expression to america's prayerful and continuing aspiration, we pray that people of all races, all nations will have their greatest needs satisfied, that those denied opportunity shall come to enjoy it to the fullest. that all who yearn for freedom may experience its spiritual blessings. those who have freedom will understand also its heavy responsibility. that all who are insensitive to the needs of others will learn charity and that the sources' scourges of poverty will be erased from the earth. and all the people will live together in the finding force of
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mutual respect and love. now, on friday noon, i am to become a private citizen. i am proud to do so. i look forward to it. thank you friday at noon i become a proud c. i look forward to it. thank you and good night. -- proud citizen. i look forward to it and thank night.d good >> we've listened to the address by dwight d. eisenhower who spoke this evening from his white house. >> now, another farewell address, this one from president reagan took place in the white house oval office on 1989, it's 20 minutes. [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2017]5 [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for s caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]

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