Skip to main content

tv   President Trump Confronts North Korea and Iran in First U.N. Speech  CSPAN  September 19, 2017 9:59am-3:23pm EDT

9:59 am
from -- contributions of all the people. ative americans -- mexican americans been here for centuries, still we are taking, know, the people -- go nothing you're and out there. did you serve in vietnam? but i have i don't, relatives and friends who were. nephew necessary fghanistan and iraq and i care about that. host: jesus, you brought it up the "washington journal." that doll it for open phones segment. to ill take the viewers up new york to the united nationed eneral assembly meeting, the brazilian president speaking now. president trump expected to speak right afterwards. it here on c-span, we'll see you back here tomorrow morning, 4 a.m. pacific, on the
10:00 am
"washington journal." south america is our immediate neighborhood. for that reason, we have worked for a prosperous south america. we have worked for increasing the integration processes in latin america and the caribbean. between --loser ties and the pacific alliance. countries make up a market of 470 million people
10:01 am
which accounts for more than 90% of latin american gdp. , is the constant continent where we wish to have increasing cooperation and increased partnerships for development. with europe, we have cultivated a long-standing friendship. there, we have worked to boost trade and investment. in asia and the pacific region, the most vibrant hub of the global economy, we have stepped up our relations with new partners and old ones. this has been our foreign policy. a truly universalist foreign policy. form is thisersal
10:02 am
general assembly. we can benefit from the broadest and most pluralistic array -- here, we find the parameters that govern our respectful living together. here, we shall become more united nations. thank you very much, mr. chairman. thank you very much, ladies and gentlemen. [applause] on behalf of the general assembly come i wish to thank the president of brazil for the statement just made. i request representatives to remain seated while we greet the president.
10:03 am
>> the assembly will hear an address by his excellency, donald trump, president of united states of america. [applause] >> on behalf of the general honor to i have the welcome to the united nations , donald trump.medulla trum
10:04 am
i invite him to address the assembly could . pres. trump: mr. secretary wereal, mr. president, leaders and distinct delegates, welcome to new york. it is a profound honor to stand here in my home city as a representative of the american people to address the people of the world. as millions of our citizens continue to suffer the effects of the devastating hurricanes that have struck our country, i want to begin by expressing my appreciation to every leader in this room who has offered assistance and aid. the american people are strong and resilient and they will
10:05 am
emerge from these hardships more determined than ever before. statestely, the united has done very well since election day last november 8. the stock market is at an all-time high, a record. unemployment is at its lowest level in 16 years. and because of our regulatory and other reforms, we have more people working in the united states today than ever before. companies are moving back, creating job growth the likes of which our country has not seen in a very long time and it's just been announced that we will be spending almost $700 billion on our military and defense. our military will soon be the strongest it has ever been.
10:06 am
years of times0 of war and peace, the leaders of nations, movements and religions have stood before this assembly. like them, i intended to address the very serious threats before us today, but also the enormous potential waiting to be unleashed. we live in a time of extraordinary opportunity. breakthroughs in science, technology and medicine are curing illnesses and solving problems that prior generations thought impossible to solve. each day also brings news of growing dangers that threaten everything we cherish and value. terrorists and extremists have gathered strength and spread to every region of the planet. rogue regimes represented in this body not only support terror but threaten other
10:07 am
nations and their own people with the most destructive weapons known to humanity. authority and authoritarian powers seek to collapse the values, the systems and alliances that prevented conflict and tilted the world toward freedom since world war ii. international criminal networks traffic drugs, weapons, people towards this location in mass migration, threaten our borders and new forms of aggression exploit technology to menace our citizens. t atut it simply, we mee a time of both immense promise and great peril. it is entirely up to us whether we lift the world to new heights or let it fall into a valley of
10:08 am
disrepair. power, shouldour we so choose, to lift millions from poverty, to help our citizens realize their dreams and to ensure that new generations of children are raised free from violence, hatred and fear. founded inution was the aftermath of two world wars to help shape this better future. it was based on the vision that divers nations could cooperate to preserve their security and promote their prosperity. it was in the same period exactly 70 years ago that the united states developed the marshall plan to help restore europe. those three beautiful pillars,
10:09 am
they are pillars of peace. sovereignty, security and prosperity. the marshall plan was built on the noble idea that the whole world is safer when nations are strong, independent and free. as president truman said in his message to congress at that time, our support of the european recovery is in full accord with our support of the united nations. the success of the united nations depends upon the independent strength of its members. to overcome the perils of the present and to achieve the wemise of the future,, w must begin with the wins of our past. a coalition of strong and independent nations that embrace to promoteeignty,
10:10 am
security and prosperity and peace for themselves and for the world. we do not expect divers share the same cultures, traditions or even systems of government, but we expect all nations to uphold these sovereign duties to respect the interests of their own people and the rights of every other sovereign nation. this is the beautiful vision of this institution and this is the foundation for cooperation and success. nations, divers countries with different values, different cultures and different works not just coexist but side-by-side on the basis of mutual respect. strong sovereign nations let their people take ownership of
10:11 am
the future and control their own destiny. and strong sovereign nations allow individuals to flourish in the fullness of the light intended by god. in america, we do not seek to impose our way of life on anyone, but rather to let it shine as an example for everyone to watch. this week gives our country a special reason to take pride in that example. we are celebrating the 230th anniversary of our beloved constitution, the oldest constitution still in use in the world today. this timeless document has been the foundation of peace, prosperity and freedom for the americans and for countless millions around the globe whose own countries have found it
10:12 am
inspiration and respect for human nature, human dignity and the rule of law. in the united states constitution is its first three beautiful words. they are "we the people." generations of americans have sacrificed to maintain the promise of those words. the promise of our country and america,eat history in the people govern, the people rule and the people are sovereign. take power,d not to but to give power to the american people where it belongs. in foreign affairs, we are redoing this principle of sovereignty. our first duty is to our citizens. to serve their needs, to ensure their safety and to preserve
10:13 am
their rights and to defend their values. as president of the united states, i will always put america first. just like you as the leaders of your countries will always and should always put your countries first. [applause] all responsible leaders have an obligation to serve their own citizens and the nationstate remains the best vehicle for elevating the human condition. but making a better life for our to worklso requires us together in close harmony and unity to create a more safe and peaceful future for all people. the united states will forever be a great friend to the world and especially to its allies.
10:14 am
but we can no longer be taken advantage of or enter into a one-sided deal where the united states gets nothing in return. as long as i hold this office, i will defend america's interests above all else. but in fulfilling our obligations to our own nations, we also realize that each and everyone's interest to seek the future where all nations can be sovereign, prosperous and secure. america does more than speak for the values expressed in the united nations charter. our citizens have paid the ultimate price to defend our freedom and the freedom of many nations represented in this great hall. america's devotion is measured on the battlefield where our young men and women have fought and sacrificed alongside of our
10:15 am
allies. from the beaches of europe to the deserts of the middle east , it is angles of asia eternal credit to the american character that even after we and our allies emerged victorious from the bloodiest war in history, we did not seek territorial expansion or attempt lifepose our way of on others. instead, we helped build institutions such as this one to defend the sovereignty, security and prosperity for all. for the diverse nations of the world, this is our hope. we want harmony and friendship, not conflict and strife. we are guided by outcomes, not ideology. we have a policy of principled
10:16 am
realism rooted in shared goals, interests and values. that realism forces us to confront a question facing every leader and nation in this room. a question we cannot escape or avoid. we will slide down the path of complacency known to the challenges, threats and even wars that we face. or, do we have enough strength and pride to confront those dangers today so that our citizens can enjoy peace and prosperity tomorrow? if we desire to lift up our to thes, if we aspire approval of history, then we must fulfill our sovereign duties to the people we faithfully represent. nation's,otect our their interests and their futures.
10:17 am
we must reject threats to sovereignty from the ukraine to the south china sea. we must uphold and respect the law and respect for borders and respect for culture and the peaceful engagement these allow. just as the founders of this body intended, we must work together and confront together those who threaten us with chaos, turmoil and terror. the scourge of our planet today is a small group of rogue regimes that violate every principle on which the united nations is based. they respect neither their own citizens nor there sovereign rights -- their sovereign rights of their countries. if the righteous men do not confront the week if you --
10:18 am
triumph.w, people will -- evil will triumph. the forces of destruction only gather power and strength. no one has shown more contempt for other nations and for the well-being of their own people than the depraved regime in north korea. it is responsible for the starvation deaths of millions of north koreans and for the imprisonment, torture, killing and oppression of countless more. we were all witness to the regime's deadly abuse when an innocent american college otton, wasuto war returned to america, only to die a few days later. we saw it in the assassination of the dictator's brother using banned nerve agents and
10:19 am
international airport. international airport. they cannot a japanese girl from the beaches of her own country to enslave her as a language tutor for north korea's spies. north korea's reckless pursuit of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles threatens the entire world with unthinkable loss of human life. it is an outrage that nations trade withnly such a regime, but would financially support a country that imperils the world with nuclear consequence. no nation on earth has an interest in seeing this band of criminals armed itself with nuclear weapons and missiles. the united states has great strength and patience, but if it
10:20 am
is forced to defend itself or its allies, we will have no choice but to totally destroy north korea. rocket man is on a suicide mission for himself and for his regime. the united states is ready, willing and able, but hopefully this will not be necessary. that's what the united nations is all about. the united nations is for. let's see how they do. it's time for north korea to realize that the de nuclearization is its only acceptable future. united nations security council unanimouseld two votes adopting hard-hitting resolutions against north korea. i want to thank china and russia
10:21 am
for joining the vote to impose sanctions along with all the other members of the security council. thank you to all involved. we must do much more. it's time for all nations to work together to isolate the kim regime until it ceases its hostile behavior. we face this decision not only in north korea. it is far past time for the nations of the world to confront another reckless regime. one that speaks openly of mass murder, vowing death to america, destruction to israel and ruin for many leaders and nations in this room. the iranian government masks a corrupt dictatorship behind a false guise of a democracy. it has turned a wealthy country with a rich history and culture into an economically depleted
10:22 am
rogue state whose chief exports are violence, bloodshed and chaos. the longest suffering victims of iran's leaders are in fact its own people. rather than use its resources to improve iranian lives, its oil profits go to fund hezbollah and other terrorists that kill innocent muslims and attack their peaceful arab and israeli neighbors. wealt also goes toh shore up bashar al-assad's dictatorship, fuel yemen's civil war and undermines peace throughout the entire middle east. regimeot let a murderous continue these destabilizing
10:23 am
activities while building dangerous missiles and we cannot abide by the agreement if it provides cover for the eventual construction of a nuclear program. [applause] pres. trump: the iran deal was one of the worst and most one-sided transactions the united states has ever entered into. frankly, that deal is an embarrassment to the united states and i don't think you've heard the last of it, believe me. it is time for the entire world to join us in demanding that iran's government end its pursuit of death and destruction. it's time for the regime to free all americans and citizens of other nations that they have unjustly detained. above all, iran's government
10:24 am
must stop supporting terrorists and begin serving its own people and respect the sovereign rights of its neighbors. the entire world understands that the good people of iran one change -- want change. other than the vast military power of the united states, iran's people are what their leaders fear the most. this is what causes the regime to restrict internet access, tea shoot satellite dishes, unarmed student protesters and imprison political reformers. oppressive regimes cannot endure forever. the day will come when the people will face a choice. will they continue down the path of poverty, bloodshed and terror? or will the iranian people
10:25 am
return to the nation's proud roots as a center of civilization, culture and wealth where their people can be happy and prosperous once again? supporty and regime's for terror is in stark contrast to the recent commitments of many of its neighbors to fight terrorism and halt its financing. i wasdi arabia last year, greatly honored to address the leaders of more than 50 arab and muslim nations. we agreed that all responsible nations must work together to confront terrorists and the islamic extremism that inspires them. we will stop radical islamic terrorism because we cannot allow it to tear up our nation and indeed to tear up the entire
10:26 am
world. we must deny the terrorists safe haven, transit, funding and any form of support for their vile and sinister ideology. we must drive them out of our nation. it is time to expose and hold responsible those countries ofse support and finance terror groups like hezbollah, the taliban and and others that slaughter innocent people. united states and our allies are working together throughout the middle east to crush the loser terrorists and stop the reemergence of safe havens they use to launch attacks on all of our people. a newonth, i announced strategy for victory in the fight against this evil in afghanistan. our security
10:27 am
interests will dictate the length and scope of military operations, not arbitrary benchmarks and timetables set up by politicians. i have also totally changed the rules of engagement in our fight against the taliban and other terrorist groups. we have madeiraq, big gains toward lasting defeat of isis. country has achieved more against isis in the last eight in many, many has years combined. escalation of the syrian conflict and a political solution that honors the will of the syrian people. the actions of the criminal al-assad,bashar including the use of chemical weapons against his own
10:28 am
citizens, even innocent children, shocked the conscience of every decent person. no society can be safe if banned chemical weapons are allowed to spread. that is why the united states carried out a missile strike on the air base that launched the attack. we appreciate the efforts of the united nations agencies that are providing vital humanitarian assistance in areas liberated s and we especially thank jordan, turkey and lebanon for their role in hosting refugees from the syrian conflict. is anited states compassionate nation and has spent billions and billions of dollars in helping to support this effort. we seek an approach to refugee
10:29 am
resettlement that is designed to help these horribly treated and which enables their eventual return to their home countries to be part of the rebuilding process. for the cost of resettling one refugee in the united states, we can assist more than 10 in their home region. out of the goodness of our hearts, we offer financial assistance to hosting countries in the region and we support recent agreements of the g20 nations that will seek to host refugees as close to their home countries as possible. this is the safe, responsible and humanitarian approach. for decades, the united states has dealt with migration challenges here in the western hemisphere.
10:30 am
over the long-term, uncontrolled migration is deeply unfair to both the sending and receiving countries. for the sending countries, it reduces domestic pressure to pursue needed political and economic reform. and drains them of the human capital necessary to motivate .nd implement those reforms for the receiving countries, the substantial cost of uncontrolled migration are borne overwhelmingly by low income citizens whose concerns are often ignored by both media and government. i want to salute the work of the united nations in seeking to address the problems that cause people to flee from their homes. the united nations and african missions peacekeeping
10:31 am
to have invaluable contributions in stabilizing complex in africa. the united states continues to lead the world through humanitarian assistance, including famine prevention and really in south sudan, somalia, and northern nigeria and yemen. we have invested in better health than opportunity all around the world through programs, like one that funds aids relief, the president's malaria initiative, for global health security agenda, the global fund to end modern slavery and the woman entrepreneurs finance initiative. part of our commitment to empowering women all across the globe. [applause]
10:32 am
pres. trump: we also thank the secretary-general for recognizing that the united if it is to reform be an effective partner in confronting threats to sovereignty, security and prosperity. too often, the focus of this organization has not been on results, but on bureaucracy and process. in some cases, states that seek to subvert this institution's hijack the system -- it is a massive source of embarrassment to the united that some governments with egregious human rights u.n. human on the rights council. the united states is one out of 193 countries in the united
10:33 am
nations and yet, we paid 22% of the entire budget and more. in fact, we pay far more than anybody realizes. the united states bears an unfair cost burden. if it couldair, actually accomplish all of the stated goals, especially the goal of peace, this investment would easily be well worth it. major portions of the world are in conflict and some in fact are going to hell, but the powerful people in this room under the guidance and auspices of the united nations can solve many of these vicious and complex problems. the american people hope that one day soon, the united nations can be a much more accountable
10:34 am
and effective advocate for human dignity and freedom around the world. in the meantime, we believe that no nation should have to bear a disproportionate share of the burden militarily or financially. ations of the world must take greater role in promoting security and prosperous societies and their own regions. that's why in the western hemisphere, the united states has stood against the corrupt destabilizing regime in cuba and desire ofe enduring the cuban people to live in freedom, we will not lift sanctions on the cuban government until it makes fundamental reforms. we have also imposed tough, calibrated sanctions on the socialist regime in venezuela
10:35 am
which has brought a once thriving nation to the brink of total collapse. the socialist dictatorship of nicolas maduro has inflicted terrible pain and suffering on the good people of that country. this corrupt regime destroyed a prosperous nation by imposing a failed ideology that has produced poverty and misery everywhere it has been tried. to make matters worse, maduro has to fight his own people, stealing power from their elected representatives to preserve his disastrous rule. the venezuelan people are starting and their country -- starving and their countries collapsing. the democratic institutions are being destroyed. the situation is completely unacceptable and we cannot stand by and watch.
10:36 am
as a responsible neighbor and friend, we and all others have a goal. the goal is to help them regain their freedom. recover their country and restore their democracy. i would like to thank leaders in this room for condemning the regime in providing vital support to the venezuelan people. united states has taken important steps to hold the regime accountable. we are prepared to take further action if the government of venezuela persists on its path to impose authoritarian rule on the venezuelan people. we are fortunate to have incredibly strong and healthy trade relationships with many of the latin american countries gathered here today. our economic bond forms a
10:37 am
critical foundation for advancing peace and prosperity for all of our people and all of our neighbors. i ask every country represented here today to be prepared to do more to address this very real crisis. we call for the full restoration of democracy and political freedoms in venezuela. [applause] pres. trump: the problem in venezuela is not that socialism has been poorly implemented but that socialism has been faithfully implemented. [applause] pres. trump: from the soviet union to cuba to venezuela,
10:38 am
wherever true socialism or communism has been adopted, and has delivered anguish and devastation and failure. those who preach the tenants of these discredited ideologies only contribute to the continued suffering of the people who live under these cruel systems. america stands with every person living under a brutal regime. our respect for sovereignty is also a call for action. all people deserve a government that cares for their safety, their interests and their well-being, including their prosperity. kn america, we see stronger ties with all nations of goodwill, but this trade must be fair and it must be reciprocal. for too long, the american people were told that mammoth multinational trade guilds,
10:39 am
unaccountable international tribunals and powerful, global bureaucracies were the best way to promote their success. as those promises flowed, millions of jobs vanished and thousands of factories disappeared. others gamed the system and broke the rules. once the middle-class, ,edrock of american prosperity was forgotten and left behind, but they are forgotten no more and they will never be forgotten again. pursuemerica will cooperation and commerce with other nations, we are renewing our commitment to the first duty of every government could the duty of our citizens. this bond is the source of
10:40 am
america's strength and that of every responsible nation represented here today. if this organization is to have any hope of successfully confronting the challenges before us, it will depend on president truman said some 70 years ago on the independent strength of its members. if we are to embrace the opportunities of the future and overcome the present dangers together, there can be no substantive for strong, sovereign and independent nations, nations that are rooted in the histories and invested in their destinies. nations that seek allies to befriend, not enemies to conquer. most important of all, nations ots, are home to patri
10:41 am
men and women who are willing to sacrifice for their countries, the fellow citizens and for all that is best in the human spirit. in remembering the great victory that led to this body's founding we must never forget that those heroes who fought against evil also fought for the nations that they loved. -- the french to fight for free france and the brits to stand strong for britain. today, if we do not invest ourselves, our hearts and our minds in our nations, we will not build healthy communities for ourselves, no one can do it for us. we cannot wait for someone else, for faraway countries or far off
10:42 am
bureaucracies. we cannot do it. we must solve our problems to build our prosperity, to secure e we will buildw vulnerable to decay and defeat. for everyone around the world better life for themselves and their children is a basic one -- are we still patriots? do we love our nations enough to protect their sovereignty and take ownership of their futures? enough tore them defend their interests, preserve ensure altures and i peaceful world for their citizens? one of the greatest american patriots, john adams, wrote that the american revolution was effective before the war commenced.
10:43 am
the revolution was in the minds and hearts of the people. that was the moment when america awoke, when we looked around and understood that we were a nation. we realized we were, what we valued and what we would give our lives to defend. from its very first moments commit american story is the story of what is possible when people take ownership of their future. the united states of america has been among the greatest forces for good in history of the world and the greatest defenders of sovereignty, security and prosperity for all. now, we are calling for a great reawakening of nations. for the revival of their spirits, their pride, their people and their patriotism.
10:44 am
history is asking us whether we are up to the task. our answer will be a renewal of will, a rediscovery of resolve and a rebirth of devotion. we need to defeat the enemies of humanity and unlock the potential of life itself. world of proud, independent nations that embrace their duties, seek friendship, respect others and make common cause in the greatest shared interest of all future of dignity and peace for the people of this wonderful earth. this is the true vision of the united nations. the ancient wish of every people and the deepest yearning that lives inside every sacred soul.
10:45 am
so, let this be our mission and let this be our message to the world. we will fight together, sacrifice together and stand together for peace, for freedom, for justice, for family, for humanity and for the almighty god who made us all. you, god, god bless bless the nations of the world, and god bless the united states of america. thank you very much. [applause] >> on behalf of the general assembly, i wish to thank the president of united states of
10:46 am
america for the statement just made. may i request representatives to remain seated while we greet the president, after which the meeting will stand suspended for five minutes until resuming to hear from the next speaker. [no audio]
10:47 am
10:48 am
[no audio]
10:49 am
10:50 am
10:51 am
>> distinguished delegates, please take your seats again. we shall resume the meeting.
10:52 am
>> this thing with delegates -- this thing with delegates -- distinguished delegates, please
10:53 am
return to your seats or leave the hall.
10:54 am
[no audio] >> distinguished delegates, please return to your seats or leave the general assembly hall. the meeting is resumed.
10:55 am
the assembly will hear an address by his excellency alpha condi, president of the republic of guinea. i request protocol to escort his excellency. [applause] >> on behalf of the general assembly, i have the honor to welcome to the united nations his excellency alpha condi, president of the republic of guinea, and to invite him to address the assembly.
10:56 am
pres. condi: ladies and metlemen, it is an honor for -- in thisity crucible of multilateralism to speak to this assembly. focusing on people striving for planet. a sustainable this talk is particularly pertinent for africa. president,tset, mr. i would like to express my congratulations to you on your election to the presidency of the 77 session of the general assembly. that she willt
10:57 am
bring to our work to bolster the work of your predecessor, mr. peter thompson. we would like to pay tribute to him for having made africa's priority, therefore giving remarkable impetus for the limitation of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development. mr. president, africa once subjugated and marginalized has awokened. it has risen up to fight for sustainable development and justice. today, more than ever, africa is fully determined to be the main stakeholder in its development and to fully play its role in managing international affairs. indeed, it will not be an easy task. however, we will keep our faith
10:58 am
must raise our continent to take its place as one of the greatest on the world stage. africa is extending its sincere and friendly hand to all the goodwill partners aware that happiness is shared, there's no viable promising partnership unless it is a partnership of equals, there's no peace unless it is inclusive, there's no sustainable development unless it offers -- the interdependence of the challenges confronting humanity requires a paradigm shift in our perceptions and actions, in particular in regards to africa. africa's priorities must be tackled not with empathy but with pragmatism because our
10:59 am
destinies are no longer isolated in this world,. , the this situation massive flow of refugees, large-scale migration, natural disasters and widespread pandemics that strike at our collective conscience are a sad manifestation of this reality. this marks a focus on human beings and restoring of personal dignity if we want to achieve the 2030 sustainable development goals and 2063 african union agenda. the adoption of the 2030 agenda and the 2063 agenda constitute a significant step forward as we respect our
11:00 am
commitment. the fact that africa is lagging behind will not always be the case. africa has been the most dynamic continent over the last decade. according to the imf and world despite the fall of the raw materials. the economy is very dependent on these raw materials. economyto diversify our through more investment in those sectors that have potential for growth. agriculture, infrastructure, ict's, and ndp. the industrialization and transformation to which africa aspires depends on access to energy. it depends on the continent's economic integration through the implementation of the continental free trade area.
11:01 am
africans you're in for prosperity. this yearning is embraced by our and is beingion tackled head on by african leaders. designatedecided to to7 to use in the african -- youth in the african continent. the african union has undertaken to find lasting solutions to the challenges confronting young people. society which represents 70% of the population the driving force of development, it is this which guarantees stability, security, peace, and the harmonious the belmont of our planet --
11:02 am
harmonious development of our planet. 2 million health care community urge the- i would international community to support this initiative which , preventte decent jobs pandemics, and ensure population's well-being. mr. president, africa has decided to take responsibility for itself and to speak henceforth with one voice to find lasting solutions to problems. the appointment of heads of state champions means the african union can speak with one choice -- voiceprint we have to streamlinester its actions and reaffirmed its usitical economies, enabling to play a leading role on the international scene.
11:03 am
the decision to impose a levy -- eligiblety imports to finance the union is part of the desire to shoulder its responsibility. lines, wesame determined to eradicate hotspots in africa by promoting dialogue and finding african solutions. we urge the international action onto focus its this, in particular in libya, the central african republic, where some initiatives are inhibiting the return of -- in order to achieve it, it will strive to set up an international institution of architecture that is able to bring about the changes that are -- that our people expect.
11:04 am
-- the primary responsibility of the maintenance of security no hard realities. how is it that africa, the third power in terms of democracy in the world, is not represented in an appropriate level while 70% of discussions their affect africa? we reiterate appurtenance of the joint african decision as contained -- consensus. [laughter] we call for the large one of the security council, including two permanent seats chosen by the african union. thus, it is not possible to abolish -- the new permanent members must have the same prerogatives and privileges
11:05 am
as the current members. mr. president, in terms of managing crises and conflicts in africa, the african union promotes a regional approach. partnership between the united nations and the african union must be part of a dynamic to build capacity -- they alone can best understand the root cause of the crises and conflicts and find appropriate solutions to them. to this end, resolution 2359 adopted in 2017 on the deployment -- is an important milestone towards consolidating partnership that we are seeking on questions of peace and security in africa. i would like to renew our that areo mobilize -- necessary to operationalize the force. the african union will spare no efforts to show its responsibility to contribute 25%
11:06 am
to financing of these operations in africa, as mandated by the security council. with the prospect of silencing weapons by 2020. we are delighted with the secretary-general's vision that puts the >> for peace at the heart of his -- the african union is fully committed to prioritizing prevention, mediation, promoting dialogue, and finding solutions and also peace building. these are less costly. effectiveness raises many questions. we encourage the reform initiative undertaken by you, particulars, in restructuring the architecture.
11:07 am
we recall in order for comprehensive reform of the -- to be viable and effective, it must be inclusive of member states. they must be able to make their contributions to the dedicated processes. regarding terrorism and extreme violence, the union firmly condemns the barbaric acts that niger, unitedli, kingdom, spain, and france, and we reiterate this and the and solidarity with the governments and peoples affected by these crimes. the african union considers that only increased cooperation, in particular on an exchange of information and intelligence, will enable us to cut off sources of financing. it goes without saying that our games will only be fully achieved if additional efforts be deployed in order to read i kate property -- eradicate poverty.
11:08 am
bycan only beat terrorism bringing an end to poverty. this is because terrorism versus in a climate of poverty. africa manages its energy in order to ensure inclusive develop. how can we remain silent confronted with the daily torment of the palestinian -- people? any viable and lasting solution to the israeli-palestinian conflict involves two states with recognized borders based on those before 1967. we remain concerned by the situation in the korean peninsula, and urge all parties to restrain. we renew our commitment to the total unification of the
11:09 am
peninsula -- nuclear proliferation treaty. the 21st century will undoubtedly be the century where africans are going to count more and in a decisive way. strongs an increasingly feeling among african leaders and young people that the time for renewal has come. african young people and women are determined to write a new page -- inhumanity. let's give them the opportunity. together, let us create the type of globalization which is more humane and positive. let us make our plan more safer. in order to do this, the 2030 agenda, the action plan, and the paris climate agreement provide a reference framework for us. let us strive to implement them effectively. i cannot finish without launching an urgent appeal to the international community for
11:10 am
them to provide better assistance to sierra leone, --ected by one of the most largest natural disasters in history. thank you very much. [applause] >> on behalf of the general assembly, i wish to thank the president of the republic of guinea for the statement just made. may i request representatives to remain seated while we greet the head of state.
11:11 am
before proceeding further, i would like to request that representatives make an effort to maintain silence in the general assembly hall in order not to interrupt the proceedings and out of courtesy to other delegations. i rely on those present to cooperate in maintaining order and quiet in the hall. in keeping with the dignity and decorum expected with members of the general assembly. hear anmbly will address by her excellency, the sresident of the swis delegation. i request -- on behalf of the
11:12 am
general's, i have the honor to welcome to the united nations, andpresident of the swiss invite her to address the assembly. [speaking in foreign language] excellencies, ladies and gentlemen, and what i do express my sincere condolences to the government and peoples of of thea and to those regions of the caribbean suffering from the destruction caused by hurricanes. switzerland is going to give support to the region. yes, certainly since the year 2000, humanity has made fightinge progress in these scourges such as hunger,
11:13 am
extreme poverty, and difficulty in accessing education. but there are still 795 people infering from from famine the world. every time a second a child tiles from now, without counting the challenges that need to be addressed, climate change, inequality throughout the world, conflicts, and disasters humanitarian disasters, and forced displacement and migration. no country, no individual is able themselves to find the answers do today's challenges. complex,too big, too and go beyond our borders for a relate to the entire international community. forum where need a we are able to meet together where we can prepare solutions and follow-up on implantation. we need a body that has the
11:14 am
necessary legitimacy to contribute to the implementation of these solutions on the ground. i would like to remind that the purse press of the test purpose of the u.n. is to maintain peace and national security, to take effective collective measures for the prevention and renewal of threats to the peace. collective, not one alone, anduse i am a patriot, because i defend as president of switzerland the interest of my country, we need a strong multilateral system. we need a strong united nations. [applause] translator: in other words, we need more united nations and a and thenited nations, fact that we have to repeat this today should set the alarm bells
11:15 am
bringing in order to preserve 'sd strengthen the u.n. capacity to act. we must tirelessly pursue investment, and switzerland is involved. investment in the core issues that are of absolute priority. it is important that we place at the heart of the u.n.'s activate the subject that today as well as department -- tomorrow will be in accordance. the fundamental state of the united nations have achieved important milestones in recent years. agreement ormate the willingness to focus resources to prevention in order to intensify activities which will sustain us in the long term. in these areas, we need to progress towards fixed goals. the 2030 agenda is a good example. its success will be measured by
11:16 am
its degree of implementation. have beenmeasures taken within the united nations. switzerland welcomes in particular the reforms of the united nations system that isretary-general guterres conducting in the three areas of peace and security, development, and management. with regard to peace and security, switzerland supports the priority that the secretary-general attaches to prevention, and for a very simple reason -- when conflict breaks out, the in humanitarian, economic, and financial terms is cost would than that be of prevention activities. in order to strengthen conflict prevention, it is essential to promote human rights.
11:17 am
switzerland invites all states to support that call of the 13th of june demanding that human rights be placed at the heart of conflict prevention, increasing mediation compassion -- capacity is another important means to prevent, conflicts. an initiative launched by switzerland proposed here yesterday in new york measures that should make it possible to prevent conflicts related to water. united nations and regional nations can play a major role in this regard. switzerland is committed to nonproliferation and the complete elimination of nuclear weapons. disastrousould have consequences for humans. we are convinced that only
11:18 am
negotiations in a diplomatic process will make it possible to find a solution to the security problem posed by the nuclear crisis on the korean peninsula. trust, ladies and gentlemen, is another important aspect. in order for someone to be able to take effective or event of measures, that person needs to have confidence. when it comes to the united nations, that means that the quality of partnership established with the host country concerned and its population is of vital importance. exploitation and abuse are things that break this bond of trust, and that is why switzerland supports the action carried out by the secretary-general against all forms of sexual exploitation and abuse. nationsrs of united
11:19 am
staff and on the ground, and as part is our commitment, switzerland will contribute to the united nations fund for the victims of sexual exploitation and abuse. with regard to the united nations' development system, we welcome the proposal to encourage more joint initiatives between the various entities of the organization. allow me by way of example to mention two areas where we are facing major challenges. migration and the digital era. at the end of 2016, the number of people displaced throughout the world reached a level not seen since the second world war. the majority of them have been displaced from their own countries. in europe, when it comes to migration, we need to be able to find a solution that is based on
11:20 am
solidarity between countries, and we have to stabilize the political situation in libya. wants to ensure that the global pact for migration not only addresses challenges, but also opportunities brought about by international migration. the path ahead of us is a long one. it is important that all countries do their part. we're happy to be in two specifically contribute -- to be specifically contributing -- as cofacilitator as the global pact for migration. another current challenge is the dawning of the digital age, which has best is transforming the world at an alarming pace. it is a great opportunity, but also it is a cross-border challenge.
11:21 am
dishes such as access to the internet, the impact of digitization on sustainable severpment, and also security are things that need to be dealt with hand in hand. governancen internet that switzerland will host in geneva on december 17 will provide an opportunity to discuss these issues. in order to preserve the u.n.'s capacity for action, we must also invest in the process, because the united nations is distinguished not only by its areas of actions, but also by its working methods. effective management is necessary to ensure the robustness of united nations system. of reforms in the areas management are therefore indispensable. in our interconnected world, dialogue is essential. dialogue requires time, and everyone needs to be involved. it has to be conducted on a
11:22 am
large basis and include all relevant parties. dialogue, for example, between states, it would appear, is not sufficient when comes to fighting climate change. test theer extreme extreme weather events such as hurricanes show that the paris agreement on climate change must be quickly implemented. the scientists believe that if nothing is done, phenomenal of this nature will become the new reality to which we shall have to of that. the private -- to adapt. the private sector, whose role , is essential. it participate in preparing solutions, together with the world of science and politics. scientific diplomacy and exchanges between scientists make it possible for us to take the correct decisions.
11:23 am
as politicians, we must face our decisions on evidence-based policy. switzerland is firmly convinced of the need to invest in a multilateral system which works well. and in particular, in an effective united nations. given the current challenges and the interconnected world we live in, to each his own is not a file alternative. -- viable alternative. i thank you for your attention. [applause] lajcak: i'd like to thank the representative of the swiss delegation.
11:24 am
once again, i must appeal to representatives to be good enough to keep silent in the general assembly hall in order to maintain the dignity of the assembly and out of courtesy to other delegations. please do not engage in inversations and discussions the aisles or on the side of the general assembly hall. return to your seats or leave the hall out of respect to other delegations. the assembly will hear
11:25 am
unaddressed by his excellency, the president of the slovak republic. i request an escort for his excellency. on behalf of the general assembly, i have the honor to welcome to the united nations his excellency, the president of republic and invite assembly.ress the >> dear mr. president, excellencies, delegates, ladies and gentlemen, first, allow me to extend my congratulations to you, mr. president, on your assumption of the presidency. i am convinced that under your leadership, the general assembly will swiftly and effectively
11:26 am
advance its work. ladies and gentlemen, every single minute while i speak here, 12 children die of hunger , more than 100 is born to extreme poverty, dozen die from prison little -- preventable diseases, diseases that we have been able to cure. of it is our responsibility the people in this room to do everything in our powers to help them. face often do not require difficult strategies or unexpected amounts of money. they need just our dedication
11:27 am
and true leadership on both sides. givehose who can help, to those of selfish, and to who receive the help, to put the at the first place. so, mr. president, i want to commend you for choosing such a sound focus for this year's general is only session, a focus on our people, on striving for , and lives in all sustainable conditions. indeed, there is no bigger responsibility for us, political leaders, than to take care of this planet and to serve its people. building -- helps societies for
11:28 am
every individual is not -- it is our duty. it is reason why our people trust us with the power to act on their behalf, to make use of limited resources are societies generate -- our societies generate. ladies and gentlemen, our devotion to common principles, to keep promises, our ability to deliver resolve are the three most final articles of any respectable public service. and there is no stronger enemy to the effort to make a real difference in the world than ignorance, and
11:29 am
narrowminded national or personal interests. it is the respect for the principles of peace and security that this -- that is essential to the lives and dignity of our people. these principles have been at the core of this organization since its constitution. the first and the most important responsibility of us, the leaders, the members of the to stick tons, is these principles and values, to enforce them, and to punish those who violate them. far too many are dying in census complex -- conflicts. armedus human tragedies,
11:30 am
sonflicts, and refugee deplete resources for social and economic moment. the reality of our times is a painful reminder of our ignorance and egoism. this gathering, we all returned back to our homes. but there are over 60 million people who have no such place. people who have to leave everything behind to save their lives -- poverty and horrors of war. these people do not ask too much. we just want to have a place to children, toe
11:31 am
preserve the -- ones. we need to make these people feel home again the way we treat our own people is as important international security and peace as the way we treat each other. recent findings about the use of chemical weapons like the assad regime in syria against its own citizens have two alarm all of us -- to alarm all of us as much as the atrocities in raqqah, mosul, and other places. state how little respect is being played to human very principle of --anity, especially when
11:32 am
games are played. when the u.n. act principles are at stake are often the last hope for those who desperately wait for our of deadlye middle violence come in the ruins of what they used to call their homes. of shortsighted interests built on spreading instability, undermining collected efforts to secure peace and security. the very core of the u.n. charter for securing peaceful crippledong nations is --the name of the selfish egoism of the so-called feared
11:33 am
-- spheres of influence, which to covery phrase only violations of international order and to justify disrespect of sovereignty. ofis a dangerous game unintended consequences. can see, too. moldova, theyia, all know the price. they are all aware of the pains beingir sovereignty undermined by an aggressive thinksr, a neighbor who the rules do not apply to him. surprisedl be not
11:34 am
when things often go out of and caused enormous and irreparable damage to people, to countries, and to this planet. we face one of the worst threats to international peace .nd security in recent history openly threatens our world -- north korea threatens our world with nuclear weapons. i recall the north korean resolve to return to the part of dialogue and building peace in the korean peninsula. resolve inollective
11:35 am
the very spirit of the charter of the united nations. this organization must be firm and -- whatciples it has been created for. some of us have a special responsibility to do so on regional or international levels. there is no room for geopolitical gain or economic gains at the expense of our common security. it is millions of human lives that are at stake. we live in the most prosperous times in the history of humankind. to helpall the tools every human being on this planet to live a life in dignity, free
11:36 am
from fear or hunger. whichere is one challenge will test all the limits of our ability to lead, to adapt, to .einvent our societies feele beginning to see and the consequences of our actions on the environment. floods, hurricanes, forcing people to abandon their homes. these disasters are not warnings of the future climate's change.
11:37 am
these powerful natural events are features of the new environment we live in now. last year adoption of the paris agreement was an action ordinary -- extraordinary demonstration of our collective will to address challenges arising from climate change is our societies have to face. as a uniquemembered effort of the present generation of humankind to mitigate the consequences of our impact on the environment. our ultimate legacy, a chance for our liveren to adapt, to happily and safely in a changed environment.
11:38 am
our devotion to common keepiples, are vertro to promises, -- our ability to keep promises, and our ability to keep resolve in this case is far more crucial than ever. no money, no short economic interest could possibly compensate the irreparable damage if we fail to act together and change our irresponsible behavior. the prize of such tiny cherry ignorance will be -- such planetary ignorance will be higher than any we have ever faced. to understand the urgency for collective action, we push for the swift ratification of the paris agreement under our european union presidency last year, and i confirm that we will implement all necessary national measures to fulfill our
11:39 am
obligations because the paris climate agreement must be implemented in full. ladies and gentlemen, this organization has served us well for decades. it has faced tough challenges. it excels in sum, it may have failed in others, but it has had/the best we have the countless successes are well deserved. there are many pressing issues that had notrld been foreseen when the united nations was created. who would have imagined that one of the most important topics on the u.n. agenda would be climate
11:40 am
change? and yet we demonstrate we can somehow tackle some challenges. think would be nice to that just by applying the same old procedures, we can achieve new results and address every trouble.nforeseen we need, as every organization, and ipt, to change, strongly believe we are capable of such action. but let me underline strongly that while the strive for reform would be more efficient, the very core of the u.n. must be respected without any exception. it will require all
11:41 am
of us to be responsible leaders. giving up on national egoism and , to stand true to the principles of the united to be honestter, with each other by keeping the and to delivere, in deeds,n words and because there is no more noble task for us than to serve our , to serve our people for them to live in peace and in dignity. thank you very much. [applause] on behalf of the general
11:42 am
assembly, i was to thank the president of the slovak republic for the statement just made. may i request the representatives remain seated while we greet the head of state . the assembly will hear an address by his excellency, the president of the federal republic of nigeria. i request protocol to address his excellency.
11:43 am
on behalf of the general ssembly, i have the -- to welcome the president of , andia, president buhari request that he address the assembly. president buhari: mr. president, heads of government,
11:44 am
distinguished delegates, ladies and gentlemen, on behalf of my nigeria, i congratulate you, mr. president, on your guterres on his first general assembly outing as our secretary general. country'sou my solidarity and cooperation. need theindeed cooperation of all member states inwe are meeting extraordinary and dangerous times. we also thank former secretary-general mr. ban ki -moon for his service to the united nations and wish him a full retirement. mr. president, the previous year has witnessed many far-reaching
11:45 am
mostoments, some of the significant events including the iran nuclear deal, the pair's climate change agreement, and of grave concern, the north korean nuclear crisis. mr. president, i must also s' role the united nation residents ofe syria and afghanistan. we must collectively thank the government of the federal government of germany under the commendable leadership of chancellor angela merkel, and the governments of italy, greece, and turkey for assisting hundreds of thousands of refugees. in an exemplary show of
11:46 am
solitary, the international community -- solidarity, the international community together within my own region to assist the countries and communities in lake chad nd the regions against al qaeda and bo boko haram. we thank the security council chad to address the security situation and humanitarian needs and for assistance for -- indeed, in nigeria, we're providing relief and humanitarian assistance to millions in internally displaced camps and those affected by andorism, drought, floods,
11:47 am
other natural disasters. year, thet international community came together to focus on the need youthnder equality, empowerment, and the promotion of educational activity and innovation. the frontiers of good includece, democracy, and the fair elections, role of law, expanding everywhere, especially in africa. firm --cracy remains our faith in democracy remains firm and unshaken.
11:48 am
our organization can together to uphold the principles in the gambia, as we had done d'ivoire. in cote --ough our individual efforts, states are promoting accountability and to prevent corruption. these can only be achieved through the international community cooperating and providing critical assistance and material support. we shall also cooperate in addressing the growing -- such or, human lab trafficking, and cyber crimes. mr. president, the cooperative efforts should be sustained.
11:49 am
we must collectively devise strategies and mobilize is fighterso stop is from mutating and infiltrating into the sahel and a lake chad , where the response capacity is weak. we will require stronger united cooperation with regional organizations, such as conflictan union, in prevention and management. the united nations should continue to take -- the leadership of the maintenance of international peace and security by providing a predictable adequate funding to regional
11:50 am
initiatives and peacekeeping operations authorized by the security council. mr. president, new conflicts should not make us lose focus on olding, unresolved, conflicts. for example, several united nations security council resolutions from 1967 on the middle east crisis remain unimplemented. meanwhile, the suffering of the gazatinian people and continues. we are now confronted by the desperate human rights and humanitarian situation in yemen and most tragically in the state of myanmar.
11:51 am
myanmar crisis is representative of what happened in 1995 and rwanda in 1994. the international community cannot remain silent and must condemn the greatest suffering caused by a state-backed program of autal the population ar one in areas in myanm the basis of ethnicity and religion. we fully endorse the call by the secretary-general of the government of myanmar to order or halt the ongoing ethnic fencing and ensure the return of the displaced people to their homes --
11:52 am
crises, the prominent victims are the people , the most vulnerable being women and children. that is why the theme of this session, focusing on people, striving for peace, and a decent life for all on a sustainable planet is most -- while the international to resolverapples these conflicts, we must be mindful and focus on the inequalities and the gap between the rich and the poor of nations. gaps, itqualities and is hard to underline the roots anger,rustration and
11:53 am
leading to instability. the most present threat to international peace and security today is the accelerating nuclear developed program by north korea. since the cuban missile crisis of 1962, we have never come so close to the threat of nuclear war as we have now. proposesdent, nigeria a strong united nations dedicated to urgently engage the north korean leader. led by theion security council should include members from all the region. the crisis in the korean peninsula underscores the urgency for all members, guided by the -- a safer and more , to rectifyld
11:54 am
without a delay that treaty prohibiting nuclear weapons, which will be open for signature here tomorrow. my remarksnt, i end by reiterating nigeria's --mitment our principles and growth of the united nations. addition to as a member states, we have always participated in all efforts to bring about global peace, security, and development. nigeria will continue to support the united nations and all its efforts, including attainment of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development. i thank you. [applause]
11:55 am
on behalf of the general assembly, i wish to thank the president of the federal copper -- republic of nigeria for the statement i for themembers to -- statement just made. i request members to be seated while we greet the head of state. mr. lajcak: the assembly will hear an address by his excellency, the president of the czech republic. addresst protocol to
11:56 am
his excellency. on behalf of the general silly, i have the honor to welcome to the united nations his zeman,ncy milos president of the check republic ech republic, and to invite him to address the assembly.
11:57 am
president zeman: mr. president, ladies and gentlemen, when i was a relatively young man, i was twoly influenced why -- by books. one of them was "the end of wasory," and the second one books of civilization. it was a description of a brave utopia,d, the new expecting that every country has whichme political system is based on parliamentary democracy. but nothing more
11:58 am
than a dream. he was realistic, he was cynical, he simply projected the gradual conflicts of various .ypes of civilizations in one of his articles in "foreign affairs," he speaks also about bloody borders of islam. now we have new type of civilization. i should call it anti-civilization, which has emerged within the last two or three decades.
11:59 am
the typical feature of this civilization is the fact that it and nothingterror, more than terror. this terroristic actions all over europe, and not only europe. condolences, we express our solid there the with the victims of terroristic organizewe demonstrations, but, we hesitate to fight with terroristic and civilizations with
12:00 pm
powerful power. ne year ago admit, o i criticized here that the united nations was not able to stop terrorism. -- defined terrorism. the situation has changed after 70 years. on the other side, i highly the action of secretary-general and creation new counterterrorist counterterrorist attempts.
12:01 pm
you must know that under the umbrella of the united nations 38,e are 38, i repeat --iterrorist stick antiterrorist organizations or institution. good heavens! 38. more the number of those institutions, the more the movement -- what we need is a single but terrorismup fighting by all necessary measures. including the military force on the face of article 47 on the charter of the united nations.
12:02 pm
i appreciate all of the -- i appreciate the nomination. i met him yesterday, and i am sure he will be able to solve the problems, which are fightary in order to against islamic terrorism. migration is provoked by actions, in syria or iraq. migration isside, th terrorism because some jihadists are hidden inside
12:03 pm
migration rights. in europe and everywhere, they create units. i understand the people who say, we must welcome the migrants. but my opposition starts from the fact that massive migration countriesan and other the young, healthy people who leave their countries and represent the weaker men of the potential of those countries , and everybody who welcomes --rants in europe agrees
12:04 pm
nce of those countries. what we need to do is help the electricity,h schools, water resources, and so on. -- and stabilize the population in countries. but not to support migration. , like to say that the fight the war with terrorism is to be based on historical
12:05 pm
optimism, unbelief that we will overcome it someday. in barcelona, spanish people said, we are not afraid. franklin roosevelt sometimes proclaimed freedom from fear.\ vote thehy i like to sentencetiful expressing the historical optimism. martin luther. knew there would be doomsday tomorrow, i shall go shall planned an apple tree."thank you so much
12:06 pm
for your attention. [applause] [speaking french] i should like to thank the president of the czech republic for the words he has just spoken. i would ask the assembly to remain seated.
12:07 pm
>> we have heard the last speaker inscribed in the general debate of this session. the assembly will continue in the fourth session, which will continue immediately after the adjournment of this meeting. the meeting is adjourned. the fourth meeting of the general assembly is called to order.
12:08 pm
thethe assembly will hear an address -- the assembly will by the president of the republic of nigeria. [applause] on behalf of the general assembly, i have the honor to welcome to the united nations and invite johnson her to address the assembly.
12:09 pm
>> mr. secretary general, heads of state, ladies and gentlemen. is being convened at a time of historic transition in liberia and during a period of acute challenges to our global order. today, we see the effects of climate change, the violence of terrorism, the risks and indignation of migration, and the nuclear escalation on the caribbean select -- peninsula. it time for the youthful -- it is time for the youthful publishing to have the brighter future. mr. secretary-general, i congratulate you on your
12:10 pm
collection. your progressive and creative leadership shows us of your commitment and action to reform the united nations for increased efficiency, better coordination, by 2021 at parity the senior leadership level. we are pleased. i congratulate you on your election as president of the general assembly. your vast experience and strong diplomatic skills assure us that success oflp the this session. delegation offers
12:11 pm
you its full support. i would also like to recognize the stewardship over the past year. you launched a stable development agenda and a successful conduct of the first ocean conference. our theme this year is focusing on people striving for peace and a decent life for all on a one thatle planet is catches the universal aspiration. i hope that the conclusion of our deliberation we will approach a consensus that will renew our commitment as leaders to transform the lives of our people and meet our responsibility to our planet. u.n. has never been more important to the search of peace and the sustenance for global stability
12:12 pm
that it is today. nations still genius of our collective ability to live together in peace and harmony. it still offers great hope to a troubled world. liberians bear witness to the streets and remain grateful to -- witness toions this truth and remain grateful to the u.n. for the continued support toward labrie -- liberia's recovery and democratic aspirations. -- president, a lebanese ago 11 years ago, in september stood before this body as the newly elected president of the republic of liberia and the first woman to be democratically elected as head
12:13 pm
of state on the african continent. [applause] women in africa and across the world, i am drawnd by the inspiration from my experience. the next generation must belong to women. [applause] today, i address you for the closuree as a brings my-- as i bring to closure my two terms of elected office. we are lake erie and -- two days away.
12:14 pm
in 73lmart the first time years of political power will be handed over peacefully and democratically from one elected leader to another. [applause] this paves the way for the next generation of liberians to lead the country into the future. the election will signal the irreversible course that liberia has embarked upon to consolidate its young democracy. indeed, democracy is on the march in liberia, and i believe on an reversible path forward on the african continent. i think all of our partners you have made meaningful financial and in-kind to ensure peaceful
12:15 pm
elections in those organizations missions toeploy attest to the integrity of the elections process. president, we shall be further compounded by civil war. we have made great progress and laid the foundation for the next democratic government. we reshaped the armed forces of liberia and the national police. are proud to report that since the formal turnover of security responsibilities to our governments, liberia has remained stable, peaceful, and secured. transformed the economy from
12:16 pm
a group made up less than zero than liberia has adjusted. where resilience -- we are brazilians t. we are resilience previously, dysfunctional public institutions now have the capacity to respond to the needs of our citizens through these centralized counties service centers with ownership by strong, local governments. from the tragedy of the health crisis, we are strengthening our health care system, prioritizing prevention, and delivering
12:17 pm
capacity at the community level. mpact is being felt. let expectancy went from 42 years to 67 years. reduction ofe of 3.4%. poverty rates decreased from 50.9% in 2016. restoredcture has been and we continue to rehabilitate damaged roads and construct new ones. with increasing provisions of electricity, oh water, and technology, citizens are bustling with new life. you can receive data on your mobile devices from virtually everywhere in the country for
12:18 pm
low prices. liberia enjoy the benefits of modern naturalism to full support provided by the united nations. the african union and the economic community -- by the united nations and the african union. regains the confidence of nations and risen to assume leadership roles and regional bodies, specifically -- [applause] the mono river union. i was first privileged to play role in the formulation of the sustainable development agenda and chair of the african union's high-level committee. mr. president, there is so much
12:19 pm
more to share but liberia's --t-conflict transformation to share about liberia's post-conflict transformation. a voice and aincludi right to be heard. we continue to transfer the health care and education instill the entrepreneurial spirit in our youth. tradel enhance regional and strengthen the rule of law to tackle systemic undermining of integrity. by. as experienced in a post-conflict artistic community and song, hip-hop, painting, poetry, storytelling, and fashion. liberia has come a long way.
12:20 pm
we could not have accomplished a world body,ut its political leadership, humanitarian contributions, and most importantly the civilization and security provided to our country to the united nations mission in liberia. [applause] president,ou, mr. , and are civilrs servants around the world who have sacrificed for us to see the very first generation of school-aged children growing up in an environment of peace free of violence. liberia's transformation was powered by a world community that made a shared commitment to
12:21 pm
deliver peace to a country and subregions. the u.n. and its partner nations were of one mind, and from the liberia and, a new democratic state was born. liberia is a post-conflict success story. it is your post-conflict success story. [applause] as i bid farewell to you today and to my fellow heads of state, i have a few passing thoughts. which remember liberia, is making vibrant efforts to apply the tenants of democracy. the well-created, the stability assured.
12:22 pm
this global body, blood at a time of great uncertainty and our subregion and around the world. i ask member states to continue to spreadust read -- the values of democracy, human rights, and good governor's fall strengthening solid area for transformation of social resilience. it is often in times of transition that great leaders emerge and institutions are strengthened. second, i remind you that two the assembly adopted a sustainable development agenda containing 17 goals witching a -- goals, which would eliminate inequalities between countries. our commitment to achieving
12:23 pm
these goals must be unwavering, because progress here is linked to ending conflict and sustaining peace. third, we must remain elusive and the lingering effort to reform the security council and sive to more respon global realities. this is the -- this must be more robust. african views are well consensus. in the today, african nations are participating and strong regional and subregional bodies which are evolving. adopting measures to observe peace and security while strengthening economic integration. the united nations must also continue to evolve to more effectively serve the common
12:24 pm
interest of all member states. you must continue to find a way forward in your capable hands rests the hope of aspirations for a more just world, a more peaceful and humane world for the sake of our people and our planet. i thank you for your kind attention. [applause] >> on behalf of the general yourbly, i wish to thank excellency ellen johnson, president of the republic of liberia, the statement just made. may i request representatives to addresseated while we the head of state?
12:25 pm
the assembly will hear an his excellency many -- manual macon, president on, president of the french republic. [applause]
12:26 pm
i have the honor to welcome to the united nations his macron andemmanuelle invite him to adjust the assembly -- to address the assembly. secretary-general of the united nations, distinguished delegates, distinguish heads of government, it is my privilege here today to take the floor before you. i know to whom i owe that privilege. i/o that privilege to all of those who just over 17 years ago rose up against the barbaric regime that seized my country of
12:27 pm
france. i/o it to the nations that heard my cry of resistance and you from america, africa, and asia since our -- send their sons and daughters to our aid. they did not know very much about france, but they knew that were france the defeated, it defeat for thehe ideals they shared with us, for which they were proud and for which they were ready to give their lives. they knew their freedom and their values depended upon the freedom of other men who lived thousands of kilometers away from them. i also owe that privilege to those who, once the war had ended, were there to take the path of reconciliation and build a new international order. those understood that human rights lay at the heart of international legitimacy.
12:28 pm
those who tried guilty considered to the victims made amends for the wrongs. . those who believed the value of the war were stored values of freedom and humanity, the ones that leah at the heart of the u.n. because they were just values an. it is not just to talk to about , when i heartoday thecolleagues talking about world today, they forget about the history that is behind us. they talk about our current interests and what will be determined for our lives. rick is remotely unique position. this means we also a that is all
12:29 pm
of those who have no voice. it is the duty of france to speak up for those who have because speaking for those who have no voice means speaking for all of us. it is those who have no voice that i wish to convey to you. i spoke to an assistant of a let the -- aleppo. she looked under the terror of bombing. -- lived under the terror of bombing. the syrian people suffered enough for the international community. you must ask yourself about its methods. peace.d durable and just
12:30 pm
france lay at the heart of that initiative. we are coming together a roadmap for syria, and i would like for all of the people to work together with us. the formats can be useful, but there are not enough. light on the challenge they face. what we needve us for negotiations. this will be political, not a military solution. it is in the interest of all this move in that direction and in the interest of syria. redstated what our two lines are. france will be unwavering against the use of chemical weapons. this must never happen again, the attack in april.
12:31 pm
also, we have the need to ensure help yourcare, to overall, to enable medical facilities, to provide care for people. france will make this a priority of our security council. we must act for peace in syria, againstust also act islamic terrorism. we must fight against terrorism in syria and iraq. that is what we are doing. we're asking for the benefit of all those who have perished over the past month, because jihadis countrieshas hit our across all continents. we must protect herself by
12:32 pm
joining forces. this must become our first priority. this life up the heart of the use ofive against the terrorism and financing terrorism. i will be organizing a conference on this specific topic. i hope for all of you to become involved. it is also the military action that we are undertaking as part of the coalition in syria and iraq. our fight against terrorism is a military fight, but it is also educational and moral fight. it's a form of action in the middle east and africa, but also in asia. it must ring all of us together, -- it must bring all of us
12:33 pm
together. i would like to bring to the today.f usman he was haunted by indiscriminate attacks. his only dream was to be able to go to school without risking his life. we are all committed, the united force, thee g5 joint european union as member states. i would like to pay tribute to all stakeholders there and in it is an extremely difficult challenge that we face. our challenge is to eliminate terrorism and to build national capacity so that states will the securityf themselves, regardless of the resources we put in their. we will fail in our collective mission and the countries most affected fail to show their own responsibility in this matter. it is for this reason that since
12:34 pm
taking office i supported the employment of the g5 joint force. i called for your collective mobilization. i would like to invest in to gthening our report africa. we must have a link to peacekeeping. capacity to respond to the aspirations for peaceful depends on that. never beresponse can the only response. i would like to highlight the importance of the political response. implementationhe of the old syria agreements and the need for settlement policy. i also heard the voice of and i wish to
12:35 pm
bring that voice today. he crossed africa before placing of life in the hands smugglers. he reached the other shore of the mediterranean, were so many others perished. refugee, displaced person, the migrant is sadly the symbol of our era. the symbol where there are no barriers to the onward march of despair. we must change the road of need into the road of freedom. climate, ethnic conflict, and it is always the rope of necessity. the roots of need. the need to flee persecution. when an 400,000 refugees, the majority children, military operations there must sees.
12:36 pm
the rule of law must be because, as we all know, we're dealing with ethnic cleansing. a relevant be making initiative within the security council about the effect. concerns around the need to save your country in war is waging. the international humanitarian law is instrumentalist. exile. the need for exile. freedom becomes the first target. protection of refugees is a moral and political duty. france wants to uphold that duty. we will support the high commissioner for refugees everywhere. by opening up routes for
12:37 pm
escape for refugees references required. together28, we brought european countries that were most affected by migration along the central mediterranean roots. , and thed a roadmap priority is to combat trafficking. traffickers whose stock in trade is to spread despair. helping transit countries to better control of migration flows. faced with terrorism, migration, ort-term responses are not enough. we must address the profound causes of instability in our world.
12:38 pm
migration and terrorism are challenges for all of us. are of the civilizational order and aim moral order. -- and a morla order. al order. france will devote income for public development aid over the next five years. [applause] applause,u for the but i think the applause needs to be tempered. some are awaiting more. that is not enough. france is not stepping up to the table enough. and it is not because it is a
12:39 pm
matter of money. it is a matter of the efficiency of the use of that money. it is how we spend that money. it is how we take responsibility for the expenditure of the money we are contributing. of course i wish france to step up to the table when it comes to development aid, but development aid must be more intelligence. we must use different matters. we must step up to our responsibilities. aid arrives to the countries where it is needed and used for a initial purposes that were assigned. with the european union, we will be doing that. we setting clear priorities. the first are the ones in education. it is here where we can win the fight against radicalism.
12:40 pm
we can fight against this but it is bringing down entire regions and countries. i called upon the international community to step up to the table. the018 will set up partnership for education. this is a key struggle for all of us. we must give the opportunities to young girls and boys to obtain an education, to choose their own future. not the future imposed on them future they the should choose for themselves. we should enable that in this .the next is to combat when you have no hope to educate
12:41 pm
yourself and have access to health care. wherever the role of women is under my development is under too. place in it's proper the world. it is undermines. this is a civilizational combat. this is our combat and fight. this is a universal fight and .truggle it is our collective ability to rise to challenges that is undermined, too. play to key role to preserve a human face for the world at the time when it seeks to wipe out the human faith.
12:42 pm
we must preserve progress. is a most expression .rgent topic must preserve the freedom of the . this is why call for the journalists in the world. if we do not protect it, we will all suffer. thinking of the fear that this may happen again. anmate change is leading to
12:43 pm
increasing number of disasters and catastrophes. of our world is the future of our planet, and our planet is wreaking revenge. shoulder our responsibility. the planet will not negotiate with us. humankind must protect ourselves. we all affected by the time it. promised that we will .chieve a universal agreement agreement is not up for renegotiation, it binds us and
12:44 pm
rallies us together. taking an apartment he taking apart a pact not just between the states but also between generations. we will not backtrack. i respected decision of the united states. [applause] i fully respect the decision of the united states, but the door will always be open. however, we can continue with all governmental alongside local governments, cities, enterprises, ngo's. we will implement the powers agreement. we have the strength of pioneers. we have endurance. we have the energy of those who wish to build a better world. that better world will lead to
12:45 pm
creation., to job however, that may not be pleasing to those who think the future is about looking to the past. we will build it right now by making our contributions as nations as france to buy adopting climate changes. carbon neutrality. will be meeting in paris who are real solutione a and wish to mobilize public and private financing. france will be playing a role here by allocating europe to climate action between now and 2020. andre doubling our addition this afternoon we will be introducing a global pact for the environment.
12:46 pm
we will do that with the support of agencies. toa time when some want is stop, we must move forward and because advancing, climate change is not stopping. extreme weather events are not stopping. solidarity of humanity is not stopping either. distinguished delegates, behind all of our decisions, there are voices that are brought to you and lives brought to you. whom wee the masses for must stand. back in the day, people stood up for us. those voices that are brought to us, why do we have reason to a greater extent? --n we do that which is inspires mankind with the strength to believe in it self? the desire for mutual assistance and programs.
12:47 pm
theseed to you about voices. they are our compatriots. their security is our security and vice versa. linked toxplicably each other in a community of destiny. -- mmunity of faite today fate today and in the future. world has become ambles bipolar world and this means we must learn and use the complexity of dialogue, but also the riches that dialogue can bring to us. our selected action is coming up against obstacles. states.ity in knowledge -- i acknowledge before this assembly to make sure countries regain their
12:48 pm
stability. the reconciliation we need in order to ensure the political process with the united nations. succeed withust organizing elections to mark the restoration of days. i will do my utmost to achieve that. the same goes for venezuela. collective action must enable us to uphold democracy, to ensure the upholding of democracy. must give no grounds to dictatorial trends. we must oppose the commitments of those being made. have a oppose
12:49 pm
cease-fire and work together the conflictto get to uphold international respect and law and put an end to this conflict. multilateralism, the multilateral approach is facing a challenge in meeting proliferation. threshold.major is an existential threat, a collective one. north korea has not given any sign of wishing to negotiate today. the north korean government is determined to raise the stakes. our responsibility is with all of our partners. resolve, tough bring this to the negotiation
12:50 pm
table for a political settlement to this conflict. france rejects escalation and will not close any door to dialogue provided the conditions are brought together for dialogue in favor of peace. this is for the same objective that i would like to speak in favor of iran. we put together a solid agreement iran that will ensure it does not obtain nuclear weapons. pronouncing it would be a grave error. uswould be responsible for to fail to hold the agreement, because this is a good agreement , one that is essential to peace at a time when a downward spiral cannot be discounted. this is what i said yesterday to my u.s. and iranian partners.
12:51 pm
onish for us to work constraining the ballistic activity of iran. on the post 2020 solution.we must increase our demands not cast aside the achievements we have made with previous agreements. , we have dialogue managed to resolve the iranian situation. multilateralism is the only way forward, and that applies to north korea, too. [applause] i cannot say whether my successor in the far future will have the privilege of speaking before you.
12:52 pm
we'll multilateralism survive this time of death and change -- will multilateralism survive this time of change? a world of years ago was broken by war and stunned by genocide, and we ought to try to regain up optimism that we held back then. we must regain faith in what brings us together. we must find trust again and founding, in these universal bodies of the united nations that guarantee dignity. allowed ideas to proliferate that multilateralism is a kind of game for diplomats sitting at a table.
12:53 pm
that is what has happened over the past few years. we allowed the idea to gain currency that we were stronger if we took unilateral action. multilateralism was not capable of addressing all challenges. we allowed the situation to drag on. we failed to address climate change. challenges that have been brought about by a regulated capitalism. continue along that road, it is survival of the fittest that will prevail. way history made us and we allowed current seats to -- is toallenge we face
12:54 pm
recognize there's nothing more than multilateralism because all of our challenges are multilateral. war, terrorism, climate change. we have challenges through -- we can only fix our challenges through multilateralism. not to survival of the fittest. if we are to achieve our vision of the world, we will do that. our vision is universal, not regional. have conceded certain inequality of women, for example. we are abandoning the universal
12:55 pm
values. we have allowed survival of the fittest approaches to prevail in certain countries. they're sitting around the table at a security council. multilateralism failed to live up to agreements. we must uphold multilateralism for sustainable peace in the future. [applause] before, we than ever need multilateralism, not refuge it somehow is a becausellectual, is
12:56 pm
multilateralism is about the rule apply in and exchanges between people. it is in all of our interest. it is through multilateralism that we will build these and pricing challenges that face us that, we haveeve the united nations. it is for that reason that i wish our united nations to be more responsible and more agile, support the project of the secretary general his ambition to make this into an organization that is able to face up to the challenges we face. we must seek resources for that. addressingk ways of the received notions that some of us may have. council thaturity is in a position to make effective decisions.
12:57 pm
we need better representation of all the continents. we need better coordination and crisis management with a hurricane -- european union, the african union, and some regional organizations. itis for this reason that will all stand shoulder to shoulder with the united nations for carrying out the reform. thatld like to thank you the talking points i convey to you today have their rightful , where all of us have our rightful place and we must listen to those voices that are left aside. if we fail to listen to the voices of the victims and -- tosed, we would enable
12:58 pm
grow as they involve all of us. of safety of alol of i -- us is their safety. hearing for those who call for help is to say walls protect us. but it is not walls that protect us. is toy is written -- it review the history is written without a renewables. our protects us is sovereignty and our sovereign victims ofe for the our world. failing to listen to those voices will make you believe
12:59 pm
their despair is not ours. we need to protect freedom, peace, justice. we cannot just enjoy this in our own corner. if we do not stand up for those, then all of us will be affected. before,ore than ever choices our security. our security of their security. that is the wrong approach. together with all of you, i wish for all of us to believe the strong dust to believe in strong
1:00 pm
multilateralism. of ourhe responsibility generation as a whole. courage, the courage to hear those voices. we must acknowledge their weries and at all times, must balance our interests and our values, our safety and security is the common good of our planet and our generation faces no other choice because we must speak up today and we must speak up for our common future. thank you. [applause] >> on behalf of the general
1:01 pm
assembly, i want to thank the president of the french republic for the remarks he just made. seated.emain
1:02 pm
>> the assembly will hear an colors by his excellency on, president of the republic of colombia. his excellency. i'm behalf of the general assembly, i have the honor to welcome to the united nations is deron,ency juan cal president of the republic of colombia and invite him to address the assembly. president calderon: ladies and , this is the eighth
1:03 pm
and the last time that i address this assembly as president of .olumbia -- colombia many things have happened since that 24th of september, 2010, when i first spoke here. colombia has changed for the better and the world has seen progress and reverses. we have all been witnesses, victims or protagonists of these. look at the irony. i gave my first televised address to colombians as their president from new york in september 2010, a day before i address to this assembly. and why did i speak? i announced to colombia and the
1:04 pm
international community that our armed forces had killed the military leader of the farc guerrilla. today, seven years on, i am very happy, very happy indeed, at the fact that the news every from colombia does not deal with death, but with life. today, i stand before you to tell you that the he's process lead not slow -- not solely to an agreement, but to something greater, more important, the saving of thousands and thousands of human lives. so the news i bring today is not one of. it is life. broadcast this to the entire world.
1:05 pm
if in colombia we can put an end to an armed conflict that left us with hundreds of thousands of people killed and millions of victims and displaced persons, there is hope when it comes to the conflicts that still raged in the world. , putting and to a war come over, hope for hatred, allay fears. process ofa complex dialogue and concessions. however, we got there because we had the wheel so to do, and because we are aware of a fundamental premise. peace is a necessary condition for progress and happiness in any society. [applause] today, i wish to pay tribute to and thank the united nations
1:06 pm
because it has faithfully carried out the mission , to eradicatet war.courge of about 50 million colombians citizens, on their behalf, i would like to say to the secretary-general and the security council, to this assembly, thank you. established byon the security council is charged with the verification and armamentg the this process of farc and cessation of hostilities between this group and the colombian government. say, with great satisfaction, that this talk has been -- task has been accomplished. the cease-fire and cessation of hostilities have been observed and the fark handed over to the united nations more than 9000
1:07 pm
weapons which were hidden in caches and have been destroyed. today, the members of this former guerrilla group, without prejudice to their accountability to the law and to victims, have become a political movement to defend their ideas and their proposals in .emocratic fora this is what a peace process is about. it means replacing violence by debate, exchanging bullets for [indiscernible] again willore, never weapons be used as a means of exacting political pressure. the challengeing of implementing the agreement and ensuring the rights of the victims, their rights to truth, justice, reparations and no repetition. again onwe rely once
1:08 pm
the friendly help of the united nations. in a few days time, a second mission to our country will start operations. last week, it was authorized by the security council and it will aid with the reintegration of bureau of fighters into -- of civilian fighters into life and verify the security of former combatants and committees who suffered the conflict. more important, the united nations will also verify compliance with the cease-fire and the temporary cessation of hostilities, which will start on the first of october next the eln, with the other guerrilla group, with which we are negotiating in order to achieve complete piece. peace.ete
1:09 pm
building peace is a lengthy process. it is a process where, fortunately, we can already .2 positive results. point to already positive results. we are thereby beginning to amend the deep tears in our social fabric. progress has been underscored in colombia. in seven years, more than 5 million colombians were taken out of poverty. in other words, more than a 10th of our population. we have made healthy fundamental right. and for four years now, education has been the leading item in our budget, receiving more allocations than those going to security and defense.
1:10 pm
international organizations have also underscored how solid our economic and social indicators are amidst the fluctuations of the global economy. what a special time for colombia , and what a special time for , faithfullyations fulfilling our main goal in our country. mr. president, ladies and the era of hope we are experiencing in colombia does not make us blind to the situations for peace and democracy that we see with concern in other parts of the world. we deplore and forcefully condemn the launching of ballistic missiles and nuclear dprk,carried out by the
1:11 pm
threatening global peace and security. we are extremely concerned at the precarious situation of our sister neighbor, republic of venezuela, with which we share a -- a long border, a human history and human ties. this cannot leave us in different. venezuela haynes us. we are pained at its gradual dismantling of its democracy. we are pained at the persecution of political opposition and the systematic violation of the rights of the venezuelan people. today, i called once again on the secretary-general and the whole of the international community to lend support to the people of venezuela in the search for a peaceful solution
1:12 pm
that will return them to the path of progress, democracy, and freedom. we are also pained and we condemn the terrorist attack carried out by fanatics and extremists sowing fear and sorrow. wish to speak in a twofold status, as the president of the only country today where, instead of weapons being increased, today, they are melted down and made into monuments. beyond differences of race, religion, ways of thinking, we, human beings, are really one. what affects one of us affects all of us. that,e to understand
1:13 pm
beyond divisions, beyond borders, our people is called the world and our race is called mankind. [applause] we have to understand this truth so that we can respect one another and respect life. terrorism -- terrorism has to be fought with all military and political cooperation, international intelligence and cooperation. we have to fight it firmly. but we should -- but we also .ave to eradicate its roots love.y the horses of
1:14 pm
and in colombia, we are showing that this is possible. we can put were behind us. former enemies can talk one to another and walk together, work together for a higher cause. if we are achieving this in colombia, it can be achieved throughout the world. [applause] i cannot conclude without turning to an issue on which i have spoken previously from this dais, the world global problem of drugs. i've said on many occasions that the war on drugs has not been won, neither is it being won, that we need new approaches, new strategies. in the special session of the general summary on drugs, which was called last year at the
1:15 pm
initiative of colombia, progress was made. for example, the call upon rightsto protect human in their policies on rights -- on drugs. however, much remains to be done. consensus arrive at a on main issues, such as not criminalizing drug addicts. consumption, the use of drugs as a matter for public health, not a criminal policy. the war on drugs has taken too many lives. in colombia, we have paid a very high price. perhaps higher than that paid by any nation. and what we are seeing now is that they cure on many occasions has been worse than the disease. us seriously and stringently follow up the regular trade
1:16 pm
experiments, which have been established throughout the world. excessesarn from its -- successes and difficulties they having countered. , withtime to accept realism, the fact that come up while there is consumption there will be supplied. and consumption is not going to end. it is not a question of sophistical he indicating who is to blame. we are all to blame if we consider shared and joint responsibility the principle that we shouldered several decades ago. is a problem this for the producer countries are gone. it's time to talk about responsible regular should by mafias, morecating resources for prevention, looking at health care.
1:17 pm
colombia is resolutely continuing to fight this scourge. this has been a problem of national security, continues to be one. peace has for the first time allowed us to start the voluntary replacement of coca cultivation. this process begins with the eradication and seizures of crop and has reached here and -- u2 & herein- reached unprecedented levels. colombia is the country which, given its size, has the greatest degree of biodiversity in the world. it is also one of the most vulnerable to climate change.
1:18 pm
this is why we have played a proactive part here in the presented -- seey, we are pleased to that these goals are the ,ackbone of the 2030 agenda driven by the united nations. [applause] also enthusiastically .upported the paris agreement the targets here are a national commitment for us. this should be the case for abedin a-day -- this should be the case for everybody. mankind cannot close its eyes to the most urgent challenge of our time. friends of the international community, this is my last assembly. this
1:19 pm
as i speak to you, i wish humbly and gratefully to offer to the world the example and the model of peace which we are beginning to build in colombia. and i wish, once again, to say to you how grateful we are for your generous support. with the strength of love, we can overcome fear. with the strength of life, we can overcome that tyranny of violence and death. with the strength of unity, we can make this world a decent world in which to live. thank you, all of you. thank you very much indeed. [applause] >> on behalf of the general assembly, i wish to thank the president of the republic of colombia for the statement just made.
1:20 pm
may i request the presenters to -- theseated while we head of state. the general assembly will hear an address by his excellency imam ramon, the president of the [indiscernible]
1:21 pm
on behalf of the general assembly, i have the honor to welcome to the united nations ramon, thency president of the republic of [indiscernible] and invite him to address this ma. -- the sme. .> -- of the assembly > i wish to join my colleagues welcomef state and will come
1:22 pm
[indiscernible] may i also stress my sincere appreciation to mr. thompson for his continued support for national and international commitments during his presidency at the first national assembly. [indiscernible] have also brought massive challenges to the people and the entire world. it sometimes jeopardizes efforts the united states -- united
1:23 pm
nations member states to safety and secure life for the people. in this context, the united the universal institution should continue its mobile mission to coordinate efforts of the member states to build a resilience of countries to respond to the modern threats and challenges. president, it is impossible to entrust new challenges the international community is facing without reforming the entire united nations system. a comprehensive and inclusive reform of the united nations should contribute to building up and strengthening its capacity
1:24 pm
to timely and adequately respond to developments around the world and to cope with today's threats and risks. the principles for the united nations reform should be implemented in compliance and in harmony with the principles and goals of the united nations charter, including unequal equal representation of interest of developing countries in the process of the security council's reform. distinguished participants, we are today witnessing a tragic and perfect events across the globe, undermining international community commitments to bring in ever sustainable development. the threat of terror, extremists, organized crime and drug trafficking are posing serious challenges. and movements are
1:25 pm
flourishing in many hotspots in the world, threatening the .ecurity of all the people i wish to reiterate that they were and brutal acts of these forces have absolute no connection to the islam religion. they are on the contrary against moral teachings, knowing no tolerance and values of islam. confronting these threats requires from all united , to makemember states efforts with international law and refrain from double standards. our government continues to take steps forwards to address threats and challenges as well
1:26 pm
lasting peace and over all stability in the country in cooperation with its partners and international organizations, in particular with united nations agencies. thatld like to emphasize , the united support nations central coronation and rehabilitation, the process of joint actions we undertake to prevent and resolve conflicts to seek for these always in a crisis, defense on
1:27 pm
how effectively we use preventive diplomacy and mediation. we can see the peace and stability as a guarantee of sustainable, inclusive cooperation for the resolution of the north korea conflict. can see the -- deserve a peaceful life, creating friendly conditions for the strong civil society and observance of human life in each of the united nations member states, helping countries to fly further. we are well aware of the
1:28 pm
importance of peace and the need to defend it since other people have experienced many hardships in suffered from civil war the first days of its independence. domestict of imposed conflict, other nationals have lost their lives. ali through bringing peace and stability in society, we have been able to achieve sustainable economic development, reduce poverty and improve people's well-being. through cooperation with different countries and goodwill necessaryaking measures to ensure necessary integration. cannot afford ourselves to stand still and do economico the social situation in neighboring afghanistan.
1:29 pm
helping riling groups in this country has become a serious concern. given the current situation in this country, it is high time to take strong measures to coordinate efforts to counterterrorism, tackle drug production. comprehensive resolution strategy. at this current juncture, the government and the people of afghanistan, particularly in a friendlyn period, need target support and assistance. [indiscernible]
1:30 pm
could be an important element to help the country move forward toward peace and stability. we call on the international community to stand together and contribute to help afghanistan to restore its ailing communication infrastructure. a border with afghanistan and stand ready to contribute to these noble objectives, transport and road conductivity of both countries, as well asion training and professional are whatnt of experts we have done and are doing for this country, fighting drug trafficking, one of the main of terrorism, to help the country get -- we have established full cooperation with relevant
1:31 pm
indignation agencies and partner countries. we are currently successfully implementing the national strategy on counter narcotics 2020. chair, agenda of -- adoption of agenda 2020 is a key milestone for us to live together to advance sustainable development. over the past few years, we have made great strides toward implementation of sustainable develop and goals. ,he government of the country in close and effective cooperation for the relevant united nations agencies has developed a development strategy
1:32 pm
20 and national the veltman strategy 2030. been strategies have developed in line with a global agenda with sustainable believe thatnd we effective implementation will sustainableo the agenda. to ensure successful implementation of the 2030 agenda, it is necessary to help less-developed countries and developing countries, particularly through providing financial support and technology
1:33 pm
to achieve sustainable development goals. it is worth mentioning that geographical location of developing countries and lack of access to the seaports pose a serious obstacles ahead of their commitments. in such circumstances, these countries need much more assistance in their efforts to develop infrastructure and help them improve transport system, simple if i trade policies and regional integration. nationscontext, united does especially economic and social council likewise are specialized institutions and agencies of the united nations family can and should have an important role in this regard, much -- aslieve as
1:34 pm
much attention we give to the economic, social, and environmental issues as better we contribute to their marriedul and implementation of global agenda 2030. it would also help the countries to improve the livelihood and living standards of the people through providing jobs and cope with their social challenges. lazy -- ladies and gentlemen, we, their present concerts of the international community, adopted these agreements on climate two years ago.
1:35 pm
goals enshrined in this critical document determine major obligations and efforts of the international community in reducing co2 emissions to the atmosphere, adaptation to the climate change, and transition to low carbon economy. the climate change celebrates the mounting of glaciers, which -- the water level and rivers and negatively affect sectors of national economy. due to our geographical
1:36 pm
location, we face the devastating consequences of climate change and national disasters. suffersar, the country from natural disasters, including those related to water. billions ofdreds of u.s. dollars to tackle and eliminate consequences of natural disasters. over 30 years, out of 13,000 glaciers, we lost more than 1000 of them as a result of climate change and rising temperatures. our happens at a time when industrial capability, the main
1:37 pm
source of carbon dioxide and commission is not that huge and the country's energy is generating environmentally friendly energy. it is obvious that accelerated affects thelaciers production of omissions in the region. the time has come for us to convert words to actions and by demonstrating resolve determination implementing the goals of the peace agreement. one of the ways to achieve the goals of the paris agreement is to adhere to the recommendation of the green economy and promote comprehensive use of renewable
1:38 pm
we, in thises context express our full support of the international initiative sustainable energy for all and sustainable energy 2024. it is important for the international commuity to achieve these goals. continue itsn to delight,t, with great the united nation assembly adopted by consensus the resolution of sustainable 2018-2028.
1:39 pm
it will contribute to the achievement of the sustainable development goals related to water and help to preserve this invaluable resource for generations to come. has conducted high-level implementation [indiscernible] 2018-28, where participants exchanged their views on ways and mechanisms of implementation of the new spgrnational decade and six. to reviewe, in order and deliberate on proposals of development partners and with a view of adopting a roadmap of this decade, we intend to
1:40 pm
2018ize on my sony second, on september 22, 2018 and host a high-level international conference on water for sustainable development. we have a strong conviction that the united nations member states, international and regional organizations, international financial institutions, think tank associations, women and youth will stand and work together to implement the goals and objectives for the sake of life around the people around the globe for the next generations. i think you for your attention. [applause] on behalf of the general
1:41 pm
simply, i wish to thank the president of tajikistan for the statement just made. may i request the presenters to remain seated. the assembly will hear an , thess by his excellency president of the republic of sambia. [applause] i request protocol to escort his
1:42 pm
excellency. to welcome ther president of the republic of invite him to address the assembly. : excellencies, distinguished delegates, let me join previous speakers and in theulating excellency assumption of the presidency for the 72nd regular session of the united nations general assembly. to extend sincere
1:43 pm
leadershipn for his during the 75th session. may i also convey my sincere his excellency mr. antonio gutierrez for his .lection i am confident the united nations secretary-general will laid byfull foundation his predecessor, ban ki-moon, in which i would like to give glowing tribute.
1:44 pm
mr. president, the same for the session, focusing on people, striving for peace and a decent life for all on a sustainable provides us an opportunity to review allete -- to reevaluate challenges affecting our peoples. these include threats to social and economic development, peace and security. need toe, there is develop approaches to these new challenges, which include terrorism, climate change, nuclear weapons, among many others. in this globalized injured event canworld, more countries
1:45 pm
in this globalized, interdependent world, where countries can resolve these issues. [applause] this session is taking place against a backdrop of adverse effects of climate change which have spared no one nation. developed or underdeveloped. our efforts to create a standard of living in order to meet sustainable develop meant goals have been frustrated by the effects of climate change. theave witnessed devastating effects of climate .hange on our environment recently, we are talking about
1:46 pm
the hurricanes in the caribbean. withember forests teeming flora and fauna. it is no longer the case. species of flora and fauna have unfortunately become extinct in such a short time. and have also continued to witness disasters such as droughts, force fires, floods, and mudslides, if not extreme levels of rain, it is always the lack of it. the conference will establish
1:47 pm
mechanisms for implementation of the harris agreement on climate change. we call on others to ensure the green climate fund is adequately funded to help deliver these interventions globally. zambiaveloping country, needs assistance to enhance her areas,y in key adopted like scientific research, early warning and rapid response to address the effects of, change. transferso calls for of appropriate technologies to help cope the negative impact of climate change. president, over the past year, zambia has made significant efforts and we are
1:48 pm
determined to adopt a nala clues of paradigm based on the agenda and the united 2018 forgenda sustainable development. only a few months ago, june 2017, i had the honor [indiscernible] for a five-year period, from to 2021. of 2030 without leaving anyone behind. the plan is to improve ,roductivity of agriculture
1:49 pm
the uplifting of standards of living in rural areas, where the new focus on aggregate value edition is being implement it. zambia plans to reduce poverty to minimal levels. in keeping with the agenda, my government is determined to ensure effective mobilization and use of all sorts of finance. whetherregardless of finance has been obliged locally or through [indiscernible] for the benefit of the average person in zambia. mr. president, peace, security
1:50 pm
and the rule of law continues to any society.e for in keeping in this understanding, my government has continued to walk with united nations that undertaking these actions to enhance the moccasins. zambia -- enhanced democracies. to supportcontinued those afflicted by conflict. my government also looks forward to serving [indiscernible] from 2017 to 2020, harry sent -- following our recent election to the organization.
1:51 pm
thoseesident, recognize complementing the united nations agenda. state, -- such as gender and these matters, climate change, social democracy, rule of law, human rights, good governance, and social economic development. in my country, the commonwealth secretary has played an important role during and after the previously held elections in providing technical support. and this we cannot ignore. continued toso serve in the u.n. peacekeeping operations with a sense of duty to those persons who are afraid
1:52 pm
of various reasons. in this regard, the united ourons should not relent duty to these will the role persons and redouble our efforts to bring about a more peaceful world. shouldnations commitment not be limited to preventing conflicts, but should go further to seek protections of the victims of conflict, including [indiscernible] we need all of us to provide a conducive environment that promotes human rights and social development and will be -- and well-being. please togard, i inform this assembly that, june zambia, i assented 17the refugee act of twitty
1:53 pm
of 2017. [applause] mr. president, my government attaches great importance to the needs and welfare of all with a particular focus on women, children and youth. zambia has continued to make tremendous strides in the campaign to end child marriage. rate stands at 21.2%, a drop since the campaign was launched. we have also continued to engage
1:54 pm
traditional leaders to reform traditions and customs and -- that allow child marriage. currently, we are in the process developing log to completely prohibit and eradicate child marriage in the country. we are also repealing a number to children for the conventions and the rights of the child. [indiscernible] on ending child marriage for 2017, i am delighted to inform this meeting that the campaigns have been launched in 20 african countries. targeted withere the highest incidence of child marriage.
1:55 pm
[applause] the launch programs are essential to enhancing advocacy against child marriage. fromampaign is growing strength to strength. however, much more needs to be done. we therefore call on all andners to join efforts, together, let us raise our voices to protect our children and the youth. the campaign will continue to get momentum and reach out to member states to accelerate and end this harmful practice. there is no doubt that you -- that the united onlyns remains the institution capable of addressing the challenges of our one world.
1:56 pm
th --rld look sup to to deal to this body with challenges in an inclusive manner. this is the only practical way of ensuring meaningful and effective international cooperation. we therefore need to reform the united nations and zambia believes that the you one reforms that have been launched will be incomplete without a reform of the security council. [applause] hope that the reforms will make the security council more representative, democratic, and accountable to all member states, respective of status. essential if the
1:57 pm
decisions are to be accepted by the entire international community. africa constitutes the second largest block of membership. to reform the security council called the call, africa's of consensus. mr. president, i would like to commitment ina's addressing the numerous problems affecting our people, including ending poverty. we should not miss the toortunity to do what we can make the world a better place for all of us to live in.
1:58 pm
>> on behalf of the general assembly, i wish to thank the president of zombie a. -- zambia. >> the assembly will address the president of the republic of what the linea. -- of lithuania.
1:59 pm
on behalf of the general assembly, i have the honor to , theme the united nations president of the republic of lithuania and to invite her to address the assembly. ladies and gentlemen. the topic of this year's debate invites us to focus on people and our responsibilities to ensure a peaceful and sustainable future. such ay's world, peaceful future is reckoned as never before. continues to kill with impunity. leavings died after
2:00 pm
their homes in search for better lives. the world's attention is focused on north korea. and in other regions. males,e efforts of black bullying and aggression are being used by russia in ukraine along nato's eastern border. around 100,000 russian troops are engaging in offensive military exercises. this is on the border of the baltic states and poland. rehearsing aggressive scenarios against its neighbors. to attack the west. the exercise is part of , spreading warfare
2:01 pm
uncertainty and fear. even more disturbingly, this exercise is one symptom of the main --s inability to two hide its hatred toward the west. responsibility to protect international peace. it has violated the u.n. charter by attacking georgia and annexing crimea. nal does nots arse stop at conventional weapons. it continues to metal and elections, conduct -- to meddle in elections, and conduct cyber attacks to spread propaganda. becomeil has long russia's weapon of choice. from with the when
2:02 pm
he is capital, it is getting a nuclear power plant as a political weapon. that fails to comply with the basic international nuclear status. indifference to basic international laws by regimes across the world are not unrelated cases. result of our the collective inability to properly react. we have no courage to enforce the rules that we create. we draw lines in the sand and then pretend they don't exist. this has to change. we must stop being passive
2:03 pm
observers and start calling things by their names. aggression can never make anyone stronger. it can never earn anyone a drop of respect. the only thing aggression will bring his contempt, shame, and condemnation -- is contempt, shame, and condemnation. eyes becausese our it will encourage them. we must learn to read the warning signs. ande of human rights suppression of free speech explodes into violence if ignored. change. this body was created to save
2:04 pm
the world from wars and instability. it has failed to fulfill this purpose. organizatione this the voice to rise against the abuse, or we will make it a relevant. thank you -- irrelevant. thank you. [applause] >> i wish to thank the president of the republic of lithuania for the statement just made.
2:05 pm
so sorry -- >> the president will address the emir of qatar. -- iuest protocol -- u r request protocol to escort his excellency. i have the honor to welcome to the united nations his highness, qatar and to invite them to address the assembly.
2:06 pm
>> in the name of this honorable audience, let me congratulate the excellency. the presidency of the's -- of the 72nd general assembly. i wish to express my appreciation to his excellency sir peter thompson. for monitoring the session. i take this opportunity to commend the efforts of the secretary general to strengthen the role of the united nations. the --sident, in taking the regional and national peace and security is a priority. this is based on the united nations charter and the laws of
2:07 pm
legitimacy, which calls for constructive corporation, mutual respect, and noninterference in the spirit of good neighborliness and permitting peaceful coexistence while pursuing peaceful means to settle. addressed in being a nonbinding proposal. has, to impose negotiations as the basis for resolving disputes. and the settling disputes between states. context, and after major events such as world war ii, -- burudi --ndy, balkans, thehe
2:08 pm
dangers of perpetuating crimes against genocide has come back again. becoming the rule and not the exception. the international legitimacy is subjected to political leverage to the dictations of the forces on the ground, which pretends the lower force may supersede the force of law. the major powers should not adopt one of two extreme positions, the occupations of eyetries or turning a blind toward genocide and crimes against humanity perpetrated by this product regimes -- despotic regimes or -- or ignoring people who are oppressed. there is a growing sense that people under repression are facing their fate alone.
2:09 pm
if the country under threat has to rely on their alliances and relations in the absence of assistance. and the binding conventions and charters. commend the theme of this session focusing on people striving for peace and a decent life for all. call upon thet, i government of the republic of the union of gannar and the international community to assume their responsibilities and take the necessary measures to stop the violence against the asserta minority, and
2:10 pm
they have their full legitimate rights as full-fledged citizens. we urge all states to provide humanitarian assistance. here, i speaktand in favor of constructive international cooperation. the rights of people. in those under siege. -- and those under siege. while myefore you country and people are subjected to continuing and unjust represession. and unjust blockade. kade. unjust bloc qatar is managing successfully its likelihood economy, --
2:11 pm
andlihood, -- livelihood economy. blockade was imposed without warning. that those who thought their move causation shocking impact -- would cause a shocking impact that would capitulate guardianship. schemers founded necessarily to rely on fabrication attributed to me, which the posted on the website of a qatar news agency after hacking it. the controlled media of these countries was ready to launch a campaign of incitement to be prepared in advance in which all
2:12 pm
values, and norms were breached. upon.rms were infringed funds are being spent unsparingly on the machine faking fabrications in the hopes of falling people by distorting -- of fooling people by distorting the truth. these countries did not apologize for lying, but they intensified their campaign. wouldhough the blockade cause a cumulative effect on the economy of my country. the perpetrators of the happening -- hacking and the falsifications have committed assault against a sovereign state. the crime was deliberately committed for political aims.
2:13 pm
and followed by political caused worldwide astonishment. goesdisgraceful act against international queries about digital security. it revealed the anxiety of where thea world absence of clear-cut, international legislation that , orrns this dangerous field punishes the perpetrators of these international crimes. it is time to take steps in this vein. we are ready to's -- to serve this joint effort. imposed thes who unjust blockade have intervened in internal affairs of the state, by burning pressure to
2:14 pm
bargainingitizens -- pressure to their own citizens to force them to change their political affiliation. is this one of the definitions of terrorism? breached the wto agreement. it violated human rights .onventions this caused religious harm to thousands of citizens. they violated basic human rights , to dispose of private property and get education. blockading countries imposed penalties of imprisonment and
2:15 pm
fines for the mere expression of sympathy with qatar, even on social media, and a presidents never seen -- in a presidents -- in a precedence never seen by the world. countries that permit not only to attack a , it believesountry their possession of funds qualifies them to blackmail other countries to participate in their aggression, while they are supposed to be held internationally accountable for what they have committed. the countries who imposed this blockade interfered in the internal affairs of many countries and accuse those of us who oppose them with terrorism.
2:16 pm
they are inflicting damage on the war on terror, while opposing reform supporting the torrential regimes in our region nnical regimes in our region. many countries have also questioned the motives and reasons behind the blockade. these fabrications cap changing. -- kept changing. onryone is still waiting evidence that never materialized. qatar;s contributions to the fight against terrorism was recognized by the entire international community.
2:17 pm
still fighting it and will continue to do that. believes it is necessary to fight terrorism ideologically. it provides education to 7 million children around the world so that they do not succumb to ignorance. people will accept nothing less. attitudeaken an open toward violence without dictation. resolving conflicts by peaceful means is one of the priorities of our foreign policy. we renew the call for an unconditional dialogue. sincerely value the
2:18 pm
mediation that qatar has supported since the start of the crisis. -- we have taken an open attitude toward dialogue without dictation. allow me on this occasion to express my pride in my people. multinational and multicultural residents of qatar. the people have withstood the conditions of siege and rejected the dictation. qatar is adence of sovereign decision. they maintain their fine -- their refined manners and their progress despite the campaign against them by other countries. other countries recognize the
2:19 pm
significance of respect of the sovereign states. they remain supportive of the qatari people during this crisis. there are challenges facing the world. requiresg them carrying out a concerted action against terrorist organizations. the stability for humanity and the security of the world. hoping the initiation of terrorism could be achieved by addressing the social, political, and root causes. we have to make sure the fight against terrorism doesn't lead to the chilling of civilians. it will remain a top priority for qatar.
2:20 pm
this is example five by the executive -- by the executive participation of this country in the measure of the united nations legislation adopted in 2006. as well as all measures related to countering terrorism. and bilateral cooperations with the united states and many other countries. qatar will continue international efforts in this regard. we condemn all forms of extremism and terrorism, but to project the double standards -- ject the double standards affiliated with the identity of the perpetrators, or associating it with any
2:21 pm
particular religion or ideology. this is a greater threat to the international peace and security. israel still stands in the way of achieving just and copperheads of peace and rejects -- just and comprehensive peace and rejects arab peace. strategy to be a expand settlement construction in the occupied territories. the blockade continues to be imposed on the gaza strip. there should be negotiations on the basis of ending the israeli occupation in the arab
2:22 pm
territory. ad reaching a settlement with two-state solution agreed-upon by an international community based on international legitimacy and to the arab peace initiative. this would establish an independent palestinian state. appeal to the palestinian brothers to complete national reconciliation in confronting the dangers and challenges facing the palestinian question of the future of its people. communityational remains unable to find a solution to the syrian crisis, despite its consequences and serious repercussions on the region. political efforts continue to falter, due to the conflicting international interests.
2:23 pm
this is conducive to protect those against whom we are supposed to stand united. hasinternational community a responsibility, including the implementation of its decisions in submission to the larger requiring a serious solution to this crisis in a way that gives the syrian people justice, dignity, and freedom. and accords with the geneva decisioins -- decisions. we should implement our humanitarian pledges within the framework of the united nations. communityational should protect civilians and hold war criminals accountable. their impunity will have dire
2:24 pm
consequences on the situation in syria and the region, which will affect the behavior of future dictatorships towards their people. ,urning to the libyan question libya's national consensus to preserve its unity, sovereignty, and social standards, and stability could be achieved by combining the international to support the government and to the national accord established with the support of the united nations in its effort for stability into counterterrorism. terrorism.ounter we will support them in the future to make -- meet the aspirations of the libyan people. we endeavor to achieve security,
2:25 pm
stability, and unity. we commend the achievements of these people in their fight against terrorism. we offer the necessary support to complement their victories by realizing the aspirations of the iraq, the quality of all citizens. n, we have found the importance of maintaining the country's unity and stability. the state has been fighting in national adopting reconciliation as the basis for ending the crisis. we call upon the international community to facilitate the humanitarian assistance to various yemeni regions. qatar supports the efforts of the human envoy to end this
2:26 pm
envoy to of the u.n. end this crisis. to achieve security and stability in the gulf, we renew our call for conducting a constructive dialogue between the gcc countries and i ran on the -- iran on the basis of common interests, respect for state sovereignty, and acknowledging the internal affairs of other states. qatar continues to contribute. in the international response of the growing military and the. andf the growing military humanitarian needs.
2:27 pm
to those inelief need worldwide. ofar ranks third on the list toor donors in the year 2017 the united nations office for the coordination of humanitarian affairs. we continue to provide support to countries facing challenges to help them to cement their plans. qatar ranked first in the arab world and 33rd in the world in this human development. the effectiveness of our humanitarian policy. we look forward to achieving the goals of the united nations development agenda, which we have all committed to achieving. reiterate thatwe the state of qatar will spare no effort in strengthening the role and effort of the united nations
2:28 pm
, bringing in peace and security, and promoting human rights and advancing development. havenwill remain a safe for the oppressed. we will continue its mediation efforts to find just solutions. thank you. blessings be upon you. [applause] emir of to thank the the state of qatar for the statement just made. seated.emain
2:29 pm
>> the assembly will hear and , thess his excellency president of the republic of .echie protocol to escort his excellency. i have the honor to address the president of turkey to address the assembly.
2:30 pm
>> honorable president and secretary general. heads of state into steamed delegates, i greet -- and esteemed it delegates, i greet you with respect on behalf of my country. thank --ike to knowledge the successful work over the past year of the president of the u.n. general assembly. whould like to congratulate has taken over the president of the general assembly this year. i hope we will convene with the
2:31 pm
focus on people striving for peace and a decent life for all on a sustainable planet. president, e steamed delegates == es -- esteemed delegates, global peace and stability have progressed further since our meeting -- regressed further since our meeting last. we continue to see the ugly face of terrorism in different corners of the world. fed on theare violence of conflict and continue their acts. observing the violent actions of radical currents converging on xenophobia, racism, and animosity against islam. outlook would be
2:32 pm
to engage in cooperation under this roof. develop a new perspective to promote world peace. threat can be by leaving it to play out on its own. we have to shoulder the responsibility for a more prosperous world. it is with this understanding that turkey is pursuing an enterprising and military and focus. focus.humanitarian created deep wins in the country. wounds inrld -- deep the country. and the world. in syria, a civilization is
2:33 pm
being violated. -- is being annihilated. spreads like a cancer across the border. the people who demanded democracy, justice, and a bright future were left alone by the international community. remaincould not oblivious to the strategy of these people. regardless of their original creed, we are connected with deep historical ties. since the outbreak of the conflict in syria in the spring of 2011, we have exerted every kind of humanitarian and political effort to solve the problem. we will continue to do so. hosting moretly
2:34 pm
and 3 million syrians 200,000 iraqis. we have launched together with theia and iran participation of meetings -- participationthe of conflicting countries in an attempt to establish a permanent cease-fire. we are putting into practice a ofn to ensure the security the region's in syria. work for a stable syria, based on respect for the democratic demands of its people.
2:35 pm
take allontinue to kinds of measures for those who came to our country from the outbreak of the syrian crisis. meet all the needs of these people, health care, shelter, education, and make sure they are appreciated by everyone in our country. thatld like to underscore we have not received support from the international community, especially the european union for efforts we have carried out. our citizenures of organizations and republican institutions in order to meet the needs of those living in the turkey haveens in raised 30 billion u.s. dollars.
2:36 pm
the european union has spent 820 , when they promised 3 billion. the contribute shins of the international community through the united nations remains $520 million. money is intended for the syrians. none of this money goes into turkey's budget. this money is given to those in need by the relief agencies through the relevant institutions of the united nations. in front of the whole world, i call on the countries and international organizations
2:37 pm
which have put the burden of the call onion people -- i them to fill the promises they have made. is a country that carries out humanitarian aid around the world. we welcome those who come to our through the turkish cooperation and coordination agency, through the faster and management authority of turkey, and the civil society organizations, we rush to help all those who are suffering and under oppression, regardless of those -- regardless of which part of the world they may be. turkey has spent one billion u.s. dollars for the reconstruction of somalia. achieved sete have
2:38 pm
an example for similar efforts. reports, to confirmed we raised $6 billion of humanitarian aid in 2016. we are the world's second largest donor. turkey is the 17th largest economy of the world. we spent .8% of its national income for humanitarian assistance. and it is one of six countries that could be the u.n. target. toward a working hard sustainable world, which is the main message of the general assembly. we'll continue in the coming
2:39 pm
days with the same thought in mind. stopping engaged in the terrorist organizations of the region. against the terrorist organization that attempted to change the terrorist regime of turkey by a bloody coup. we have recovered 243 landential areas, and the of over 2000 square kilometers, thanks to the operation euphrate s shield, initiated in syria.
2:40 pm
around 100,000 syrians resettled in the region we cleaned up from the terrorists. shielderation euphrates is the greatest accomplishment in that region. forces the groups and claiming to fight against terrorist forces in this region have no such purpose. aree groups and forces there to realize their own agendas. they aspire to change the demographic factor in the region and sees the property of the people, and kill or exile those who stand against it. all of these things for a crime against humanity.
2:41 pm
similar approaches exist in iran as well. approaches need to be realized on the basis of territorial integrity and the need to build a common future. aspirations for independence that can cause conflicts in the region must be avoided. kurdish on the iraqi- regional government to abort the initiative they have launched in that direction. this could lead to a process that could deprive the government of the opportunities they currently enjoy. on buildingrk tranquility, peace, security, and dignity in the region,
2:42 pm
instead of new conflicts. besides these two countries, we are closely following libya, , where terrorist organizations are trying to establish influence. the international community supports the legitimate government in libya and shall contribute significantly to destabilization of the country. mistakes made in syria libya,q are repeated in that will expose the whole world, particularly europe to greater stress. turkey asks for the immediate resolution of the conflict in the gulf region. we believe the sanctions
2:43 pm
negatively affecting the living conditions of the qatari people should be lifted. we support mediation efforts of the amir of kuwait. we hope these efforts will yield a positive result. arabia,stand that saudi who we see as the other brother of the gulf region, will show a sincere well for the resolution of this issue. palestine -- the issue there is the gaping wound of the world. the crisis in july has demonstrated the sensitivity of the issue. the peace process
2:44 pm
there can be conditional only on takesocess that israel steps toward a resolution indices is illegal activities. -- and ceases illegal activities. we support our brothers and sisters in jerusalem's him, and the west bank -- in a jerusalem's him -- in jerusalem and the west bank. crisis whichtial still faces syria. for this reason, we attach great importance to the integration of balkan countries with euro-atlantic institutions. want stability, peace, and welfare to prevail in this part of the world.
2:45 pm
georgia is the key. we need to work harder for the .esolution of the conflicts each crisis we ignore today has the potential to spark a regional and global crisis tomorrow. framework, i would also like to underline we are against all sorts of nuclear efforts, which have come to occupy the world agenda in recent days. obvious that we could not unlesse such problems, we completely clean the world from the scorch of these nuclear weapons.
2:46 pm
this negotiation process started in 2008. we will do our best to ensure that natural resources discovered in the eastern mediterranean will ensure the peace, stability, and welfare of the region. we are ready for the consular proposal of the solution. president, delegates, while struggling with all these global and regional problems, our world was shocked by the sad news we received from jan mark -- from myanmar. hingya region is being subjected to an ethnic
2:47 pm
cleansing. the people have already been leaving -- living in extreme poverty. of peoplef thousands are forced to migrate from the region and the country. they are diverted to bangladesh. camps are not in the position to fulfill the minimum humanitarian needs. the international community has not given a good account guarding the humanitarian -- regarding the humanitarian flight. isthis tragedy in myanmar not stopped, the humanitarian community will face embarrassment. rohingyao ensure the
2:48 pm
people maintain stability, peace, and welfare. endeavoring for the solution of this crisis. on the occasion of the meeting of oic, we had a special session on that matter in the capital of uzbekistan. -- i personally witnessed the humanitarian plight. aid washumanitarian provided. we are looking into the second stage of such aid. we call for the meeting of the
2:49 pm
organization of the islamic cooperation, this afternoon. minister,on, and our and other leaders of turkey went there. the official aid organization of turkey went to their for iad -- aid, and it is the only official turkey.nization of the turkish red crescent and other ngos continue their activities of aid in myanmar. if concerned countries provide the necessary means, we would like to continue our assistance. discuss these issues with the secretary-general of the united nations. we are now preparing ourselves
2:50 pm
for further actions. all these developments and the humanitarian tragedies confirm the relevance of our appeal for the restructuring of the u.n., especially the security council, symbolized by our muslims. gathered here under this roof, we need to understand it is really late for us to reform the security council. we are representing the whole world, but if we cannot display the will to prevent the murders by terrorist organizations into the humanitarian crisis, everyone will search for their own ways to help themselves on their own. our world will be dragged into a new storm of chaos.
2:51 pm
if western countries do not prevent tendencies such as xenophobia and racism and animosity against islam, if the countries of the crisis ridden regions do not prevent against terrorist organizations and poverty, and if we do not these, hown all of peace reach our ideals of and a decent life for all on a sustainable planet? we support the were conducted toward these aims -- the work conducted toward these aims by the honorable secretary-general. it is not to the benefit of anyone to continue this , which does not have the capacity to carry out the good of humanity under its
2:52 pm
current form. this group to have a fair and effective structure. we propose that the council consists of 20 members of the same rights, to serve for two years. all countries in the world will have a say in this important institution when it is their term. it is imperative we transform the u.n. the world is changing. it is not the same world when the u.n. was established. we should be talking about the u.n., which is being administered i representatives from the entire world. representatives from the entire world.
2:53 pm
before i conclude, let me remind of ourt regardless conflicts, our tears are the same. take action immediately to stop the tears flowing in different parts of the world. thepe the work of this sum second session of the general assembly will contribute our efforts to that end. i salute with respect all countries and people represented under this roof at this joint parliament of humanity. on my own behalf, and on behalf of my country, my greetings to you all. god bless you. [applause] >> on behalf of the general assembly, i wish to thank the president of the republic of turkey for the statement just made.
2:54 pm
may i request the presidencies to remain seated will be great the head of state -- while we greet the head of state. [applause]
2:55 pm
>> thank you. will issue assembly a statement by the prime minister of the state of israel, esther benjamin netanyahu -- mr. benjamin netanyahu. [applause] may i request protocol to escort
2:56 pm
his excellency. [applause] >> mr. president, ladies and gentlemen. we are in the midst of a great revolution. israelolution in standing among the nations. because sopening many countries around the world have finally woken up to what israel can do for them. recognizetries now what brilliant investors like
2:57 pm
warren buffett and great companies like google and intel, what they recognize and have known for years. the innovation the place for cutting edge technology and agriculture, in water, cyber security, medicine, and autonomous vehicles. you name it, we have got it. those countries now also exceptionalrael's capabilities in fighting terrorism. in recent years, israel has provided intelligence that has of major dozens terrorist attacks around the world. we have saved countless lives. this, but yourw governments do.
2:58 pm
they are working closely together with israel to keep your country safe and your citizens safe. i was here last year on this podium. i spoke about this profound change in israel's standing around the world. look at what is happened since. happened cents. hundreds of presidents, ministers, and other leaders have visited israel, many for the first time. of these many visits, two were historic. became president trump the first american president to include israel and his first visit abroad. stood at themp
2:59 pm
wall, the foot of temple mount, with the jewish people. before nearly 1000 years. when the president touched those ancient stones, he touched our hearts forever. the indian prime minister visited israel, the first one. you may have seen the pictures. rode together in a jeep deviceed with a portable april -- an israeli entrepreneur invented. we took off our shoes and drink seawater thatank had been purified a few minutes earlier.
3:00 pm
we imagine the endless humanity. in the past year, israel has post-truth -- has hosted so many and one year, six continents. i went to africa where i saw is really innovators turning air into water, fighting aids. i went to asia where we deepened our relations with china and with singapore and expand our cooperation with our muslim friends in azerbaijan and kazakhstan. i went to europe, where in london and paris, budapest, we enhanced our economic ties. i went to australia, becoming the first israeli prime minister to visit our great allies down under.
3:01 pm
and just last week i went to south america, visiting argentina and colombia, and then i went on to mexico, becoming, if you can believe it, the first israeli prime minister ever to visit latin america. world isyears, embracing israel, and israel is embracing the world. one year -- [applause] onee minister netanyahu: year, six continents now,. continents. it is true, i have not yet yeared antarctica, but one i want to go there because i alsoheard penguins are enthusiastic supporters of israel. [laughter]
3:02 pm
prime minister netanyahu: you laugh, but penguins have no difficulty recognizing anything is like or white, right or wrong. and unfortunately, when it comes to you and decisions about israel, that simple recognition is too often absent. it was absent last december when the security council passed an anti-israel resolution that sets back -- it was absent last may when the world health organization adopted -- you have to listen to this -- the world health organization adopted a syrian-sponsored resolution that criticized israel for health conditions on the golan heights. say, youcenroe would cannot be serious. i mean, this is preposterous.
3:03 pm
syria has barrel bombs, starved, gassed, and murdered hundreds of thousands of its own citizens and wounded millions war -- more, while israel has provided life-saving medical care to thousands of syrian victims of that very same carnage. yet who does the world health organization criticize? israel. so is there no limit to the u.n.'s absurdities when it comes israel? not, because in july unesco declared that tune of the patriarchs in have run -- world heritage site. it is true that abraham, the father of ishmael and isaac, is buried there, but so too are
3:04 pm
isaac, jacob, sarah, rebecca -- , byh is a jewish name the way -- sarah, rebecca, and leah, who just happened to be patriarchs and matriarchs of the jewish people. you will not read about that in the latest unesco report. but if you want to, you can read rbout it in a somewhat weighte publication. it is called the bible. i highly recommend it. i hear it even got 4 1/2 out of 5 stars on amazon. and it is a great read. i read it every week. ladies and gentlemen, a moment to be serious. despitethe absurdities,
3:05 pm
the repetition of these farcical change, slowlys but surely. there are signs of positive nations.en at united mr. secretary general, i very much appreciate your state ment that denying israel's right to exist is anti-semitism, pure and civil. that is important because for too long the epicenter of global anti-semitism has been right here at the u.n. -- it mayit takes take many years, i'm confident that the revolution in will beal's ties reflected in this hall of
3:06 pm
nations. i say that because there is also change in the positions of some of our key friends. thanks to president trump's unequivocal support for israel in that -- this body, that positive change is gathering force. so thank you, president trump. thank you for supporting israel at the u.n. and thank you for your support, ambassador nikki haley. thank you for speaking the truth about israel. [applause] prime minister netanyahu: but, ladies and gentlemen here at the u.n. we must also speak the , as presidentan did so powerfully this morning.
3:07 pm
you know, i have been ambassador to the u.n. long-serving israeli prime minister. so i have listened to countless speeches in this hall. but i can say this, none were bolder, none were more courageous and forthright than the one delivered by president trump today. president trump rightly called the nuclear deal with iran -- he called it an embarrassment. it or, cannot agree with and here is why -- iran thousand to destroy the country every day -- my country every day, including by its chief of staff the other day. toronto is conducting a campaign of conquest across the middle east, and iran is developing
3:08 pm
ballistic missiles to threaten the entire world. two years ago, i stood here and explained why the iranian nuclear deal not only does not bomb,ran's path to the it, because paves the restrictions placed on iran's nuclear program have what clause.d a it means that any few years, those restrictions will be automatically removed, by h a despot and change in iran's behavior, they will just be removed by a mere change in a calendar. that sunsett when comes, a dark shadow will be cast over the entire middle east and the world, because iran will
3:09 pm
then be free to enrich uranium on an industrial scale, placing it on the threshold of a massive arsenal of nuclear weapons. that is what i said two years danger ishe greater not that iran will rush to a single bomb by breaking the deal, but that iran will be able to build many bombs by keeping the deal. months, we last few have all seen how dangerous even a few nuclear weapons could be in the hands of a small rogue regime. now imagine the danger of hundreds of nuclear weapons in the hands of a fast iranian islamist empire, with the
3:10 pm
missiles to deliver them anywhere on earth. those who still defend the dangerous deal with that it will block iran's path to the bomb. ladies and gentlemen, that his exactly what they -- that is exactly what they said about the nuclear deal with north korea. now we know how that turned out. unfortunately, if nothing deal will turn out exactly the same way. policy toat israel's regarding the nuclear deal with itn is very simple -- change it.ancel it, fix it or nix restoring deal means
3:11 pm
massive pressure on iran, including crippling sanctions until iran fully dismantles its nuclear weapons capability. fixing the deal requires many things, among them come inspecting military and any other sites that are suspect and penalizing iran for every violation. dealbove all, fixing the means getting rid of the sunset clause. deal,yond fixing this bad we must also stop iran's development of ballistic missiles and rollback its growing aggression in the region. i remember we had these debates. as you know, i took a fairly , and many supporters of the deal naively believed
3:12 pm
that it would somehow moderate iran, it would make it a responsible member, so they said, of the international community. well, you know, i strongly disagreed. i warned that when the sanctions on iran would be removed, iran would you hate -- behave like a hungry tiger unleashed, not joining the community of nations, but devouring nations, one after the other, and that is --cisely what iran and today is doing today. from the caspian sea to the mediterranean, from terror on to -- an iranian curtain is descending across the middle east. iran spreads this curtain of tyranny and terror over iraq,
3:13 pm
syria, lebanon, and elsewhere, and it pledges to extinguish the light of israel. today i have a simple message menei, thelah kho dictator of iran -- the light of israel will never be extinguished. [applause] prime minister netanyahu: [speaking in hebrew] those who threaten us with annihilation put themselves in mortal peril. withl will defend itself the full force of our arms and the full power of our convictions. we will act to prevent iran from establishing permanent military
3:14 pm
error a syria for its must-see, and ground forces. we will act to prevent iran from presenting-- different weapons against us, and we will act to prevent iran from opening new terror fronts against israel along our northern border. regime seeksan's the destruction of israel, iran will face no fiercer enemy that -- band israel. but i also have a message today for the people of iran. you are not our enemy. you are our friends. foreign language] prime minister netanyahu: one day, mike iranian friends, you terror,free from the
3:15 pm
one that sheets innocent women, leaving them choking on their blood on the streets of terror on. i have not forgotten it. i'm sure you have not, too. iran, whenpeople of your daily liberation finally comes, the friendship between our two ancient peoples will surely flourish once again. ladies and gentlemen, israel knows that in confronting the rainy regime we are -- irani and -- iranian regime we are not alone. we share our hopes for a brighter teacher. we have made peace with torn and egypt, whose courageous president i met here last night. i appreciate his support for
3:16 pm
peace, and i hope to work closer with him and other leaders in the region to advance peace. israel is committed to achieving peace with all our arab neighbors, including the palestinians. yesterday president and trump discussed all of this at great length. i appreciate president trump's leadership, this commitment to stand by israel's side, his commitment to advance a peaceful future for all. together we can seize the opportunities for peace, and together we can confront the great dangers of iran. remarkable alliance between the united states and israel has never been stronger, never been deeper. and israel is deeply grateful for the support of the trump administration, the american congress, and the american people. ladies and gentlemen, and this
3:17 pm
year -- in this year of historic visits and historic anniversaries, israel has so much to be grateful for. hurtlers ago, theodore confirmed -- convened the first congress by establishing jewish state. 100 years ago, the balfour declaration against the vision recognizing the right to the jewish people to a national home in our ancestral homeland. 70 years ago, united nations further advance that vision by a resolution supporting the establishment of a jewish state. and 50 years ago, we reunited our eternal capital jerusalem,
3:18 pm
achieving a miraculous victory against those who sought to destroy our state. was our modern moses, and his dream has come true. we have returned to the promised gathered our exiles, and build a modern, thriving democracy. tomorrow evening jews around the world will celebrate rosh hashanah, the beginning of our new year. it is a time of reflections, and we look back with wonder at the --arkable, through macros some miraculous rebirth of our nation, and we look with pride to the remarkable attributions israel will continue to make to all nations. you look around you and you will see these contributions every
3:19 pm
day, in the food you eat, the water you drink, the medicines you take, the cars you drive, and the phones you use, so many other ways that are transforming our world. you see it in the smile of an african mother in a remote village who, thanks to is really innovation, no longer us walk eight hours a day to bring water to her children. you see it in the eyes of a error but child -- an child who was flown to -- arab child who was flown to israel for a heart operation. and you see it in people in haiti and nepal who were rescued from rubble and given new life by israeli doctors. isaiah says --
3:20 pm
hebrew]g in prime minister netanyahu: i have made you live under the nations, bringing salvation to the ends of the earth. today, 27 years after idea spoke those prophetic words, israel is becoming a rising power among the nations. light isng last, its shining across the continents, bringing hope and salvation to the ends of the earth. happy new year from israel. thank you. [applause] mr. danon: on behalf of of the general assembly, i wish to thank prime minister netanyahu of the state of israel for the statement just manner -- made. thank you, prime minister, and
3:21 pm
let me wish you a happy new year. escortst protocol to his excellency. speakerheard the last in the general debates for this meeting. the meetings will continue with the general debate and will be held immediately after the adjournment of this meeting. the meeting is adjourned. the meeting of the general assembly is called to order. >> you can find all speeches asay online,, we take a look at reaction from congress to president trump's speech before the un's general something earlier today. dangerouse tweeting rhetoric, and abdication of values. congress must stand by the iran deal and work to the escalate
3:22 pm
tensions -- the escalate -- dee scalate tensions with north korea. diddonald trump just how support for global aids program's. -- programs. remarks the president's in their entirety, the 45-minute speech, from this morning. >> the assembly will hear an address by his


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on