tv French President Macron Remarks at United Nations General Assembly CSPAN September 20, 2017 4:47am-5:24am EDT
>> i am inviting the president of france emmanuel macron to address the general assembly. president mccrone: [speaking ]rench president macron: secretary-general of the united nations, it is my privilege here today to take the floor for you, i know to whom i own that privilege. i owe that privilege to all of those who will rose up against the barbaric regime that seized my country, france. i owe it to those nations that heard our cry of resistance, and who from america, africa,
lithuania, and asia sent their sons and daughters to our aid. they did not all know about france but they knew that were france defeated this would be a defeat for the ideals they shared with us, of which they were proud and ready to give their lives. they knew their freedom and their values depended upon the freedom of other women and men who lived thousands of kilometers away from them. i owe that privilege to those who once the war had ended dared to take the path of reconciliation and to build a new international order. those who understood human rights lay at the heart of international legitimacy. those who made amends for the wrongs. those who believe the values of
this war had to restore values of tolerance and freedom, that lay at the heart of the united nations. those were fine values but because they were just values and held the worst at bay. and i say all of that not just to talk to about history, but today when i hear our colleagues talking about the world that exists today, they forget about the history behind us. they talk about our current interests, and they talk about what will be determined for our lives. whereas my country today holds a somewhat unique position in the world of nations. only debt tons we those who have no voice. i myself know that it is the
duty of friends to speak up for those who have no voice because speaking for those who have no voice means speaking for all of us today and in the future. and, it is those who have no voice that i would wish to convey to you. i spoke to a citizen of aleppo. i would like to bring her voice to you. she lived under the terror of bombing, militias. she lived in refugee camps. the syrian community has suffered enough. failure, it must ask itself about its massive peas.durable and it just it is urgent for us to move settlement ofal the security council. withis what we tried to do to 15. two
we are putting together a roadmap for syria. i would like for all of the p 52 to work with us. it is not enough. recent days have firmly on the challenges we face. we need to give ourselves the resources. we need to begin negotiations because the solution will be political, not a military solution. it is in the interest of all of us to move in that direction. it is first of all in the interest of syria. i have already stated when our red lines are. first of all, france will be unwavering against the use of chemical weapons. the attacknsible for on the fourth of april the this must never happen again. then we have also to ensure access to health care for all.
facilities tocal provide care to people will stop france has made this one of the -- will make this one of the priorities of the security council. syria. act for peace in we must also act against islamic terrorism. against terrorism in syria and interact. that is what we are doing. we're acting for the benefit of all those who have perished over the past months because jihadist terrorism has hit our country's with allurse confidence, regardless of religion, we must protect ourselves by joining forces. firstty must become our
priority. this lies at the heart of the initiative against the use of the internet for terrorist purposes and against the financing of terrorism. and 2018 i will be organizing a conference on this specific topic in i call for all of you to become involved in that. it is all for the purpose of the military action that we are undertaking as part of the coalition in syria and iraq. our fight against terrorism is a military fight but also a educational fight, a cultural fight, and a moral fight. it takes the form of our action in the middle east and africa but also in asia. and, it must bring all of us together. i heard also the voice of a school child, and i would like to bring to the voice of that child today. he grew up in mali, is only
dream was to go to school without risking his life. we are all committed. the united nations, the g5 joint force. the european union member states. i would like to pay tribute to all stakeholders there and acknowledge it is an extremely difficult challenge that we face. our challenge is to eliminate terrorism. to build a national capacities so states will take care of themselves. they will take charge of their security themselves. we will fail in our collective mission of the countries most affected fail to shoulder their own responsibility in this matter. thatit is for this reason since taking office i've supported the deployment of the joint force and i call for your collective mobilization here,
too. i would like to invest in a strengthening of support to african peacekeeping missions because that is our future. thoughts to the linkage between peacekeeping, regional organization, and host countries. our capacity to respond to the aspirations of peace of our nations will depend upon that. military response cannot be the only response. i would like here and now to highlight the importance of a political response as of course i referred to the algiers agreement, and the need for development policy. i also heard another voice. i wish to bring that voice here to you today. left on the roadside, he crossed africa before placing his fate in the hand of smugglers. he crossed the mediterranean.
shore ofd the other the mediterranean where so many others pursed. refugee, the displaced person, the person sadly termed the migrant is today sadly the symbol of our euro. the symbol of a world where there are no barriers to the onward march of despair. change the road of need to the road of freedom. ethnicsons are climates, conflict. it is always the road of need. the need to flee persecution. more than four just thousand refugees, the majority of them children, military operations there must cease. active humanitarian aid must be provided and the rule of law must be reestablished because as
you all know, we are dealing with ethnic cleansing here. france will be making a relevant initiative within the security council to that affect. we also need to concern ourselves with the need to save our country when war is raging. it is not that humanitarian law is no longer respected but instrumental lies does it is with syria. exile, the need for exile when they uphold that freedom becomes the first target. protection of refugees is a moral duty, a clinical duty and france has decided to pull back duty. we we will support the high commissioner for refugees wherever they intervene. we will route for us give refugees were ever it is required by defending and upholding the geneva conventions
and we brought together african countries and european countries that were most affected by the migration along the central mediterranean route. we conducted a roadmap and the priority is there to combat trafficking. to stop traffickers whose stock in trade is despair. oftheir violations fundamental human rights, by helping urgent countries, trafficking countries to better control migration flows. faced with terrorism, migration, etc. short-term responses are not enough. we must address the profound causes of instability in our world. terrorism, they are political challenges first and foremost for all of us.
here are of a civilization order a moral order, and if we are to overcome this, there needs to be childhood development. -- this reason, france will give 0.5% of our jet -- our national income to developmental aid over the next five years. applause.u for the it makes me be temperate. we are waiting for more, we're told that france is not stepping up to the table enough. it is not a matter of money, it is about the efficiency of the use of that money. it is how we spend the money,
how we take responsibility for the expenditure of that money that we are all contributing. tocourse, i wish for france step up to the table when it comes to a developmental aid, but it must be more innovative. we must be more intelligent and use different methods. we must step up to our responsibilities and the challenge we face is to be sure that the fellow mental aid is actually a rising to its need. that it is properly evaluated and used for its initial purposes. so, with the european union, the undp and the world bank, we are setting clear priorities. the first party is investing in education, because it is here that we can win the fight against abstraction is him. fight against this phenomenon that is bringing out -- bringing
down entire regions and countries. thus bringing out -- the fight against obstructionism. in the car, -- in dakar, senegal, we have a program for education. it is a key struggle for all of us. we must give the opportunity for young girls and young boys to obtain an education, to choose their own future, not the future that is forced on them by need, but the future that they should choose for themselves. and we should enable it here in this room. our second priority is helping to combat pandemics, malnutrition. we can have no hope when they are unable to uneducated your whenphone -- uneducated -- you are unable to educate
yourself or have access to health care. whatever the role of women is, whenever it is undermined, general development is undermined as well. the ability of a country to develop and take its proper place in the world is undermined. so this is not a stabilization combat, ourt is our fight, it is a universal fight and struggle that concerns all continents and all people. undermined,ture is it is our collective ability to rise to challenges that is undermined as well. what unesco is such an important organization today. , toas a key role to play preserve the human face for the there is a time when danger of that face being wiped out. progress, andve is of the expression
most urgent and pressing importance. we must protect the ability of those who think, to express themselves. we must preserve the freedom of the press. it is for that reason that i call for the designation of a special representative of the -- for the protection of journalism across the world -- the protection of journalists across the world. if we do not protect the freedom of the press, well then, we all suffer. finally, i would like to speak on behalf of jiles. -- i am thinking of his house in ruins, the fear that it may happen again. anmate change, is leading to increasing number of disasters and catastrophes. the future of our world is the future of our planet and our planet is a reeking revenge on
wreaking revenge on mankind. we must shoulder the responsibility. the climate will not negotiate with us. itself,d must protect extreme weather events will explode the traditional differences between the north and the south. all affected by the flailing of the climate in china, the caribbean, in russia, or the horn of africa. my country promised that we would achieve a universal agreement and that was achieved and signed in this very room. that agreement is not up for negotiation, it binds us together. meang it apart would taking apart a pact that exists
not just between the states but also between generations. it can be improved, we can have new contributions and new input but we will not act track -- we will not backtrack. i fully respect the decision of the united states. i fully respect the decision of the united states, that the door will always be open. we will continue with all governments alongside long -- local governments, cities, ngos and citizens, we will continue to implement the agreement on our side. we have the strength of pioneers, we have endurance, we have the certainty and energy of those who hope to build a better road which will lead to innovation, job creation. however, that may not be pleasing to those who think that
the future is about looking to the past. we will build it right now, by making our contributions as a nations, as france did by adopting its climate plants. plans.mate on the 12th of december of 20 17 we will be meeting with those who plan to move forward with a real resolutions in paris. with public and private financing, and it would like to confirm that france will be playing its own role by allocating money for this, between now and 2020. we are doubling our contribution and this afternoon we introduce a global pact for the environment. the goal is to forge international law for the coming centuries and we will do that with the support of you and agencies. us toime when some want
stop, we must move forward, continue advancing. because climate change is not stopping, extreme weather events are not stopping. our duty our solidarity of humanity is not stopping either. distinguish delegates, behind all of our decisions, there are the voices that are brought to you and the lies that are brought to you. -- lives that are brought to you. back in the day, people stood up for us and defended us so we must stand up for them. those voices that are brought to us, why do we not heed them to a greater extent? do that which 60 years ago inspired mankind with the strength to believe in itself? planetary responsibility, the desire for a mutual assistance and progress. i talked to you about gilles, , they are our
compatriots. all of us. because, their security is our security and vice versa. we are inextricably linked to each other, and a community of destiny, a community of faith, today and in the future. the balance has changed years, then recent world has become a multicolored world and we must learn to best we must learn a new, the complexity of dialogue -- we must learn anew, the complexities of dialogue. years after the mature intervention, i acknowledged before this assembly, the particular responsibility that france shoulders to make sure that libya gains stability. the meeting that we had on july progress as to make
with the reconciliation that we need in order to ensure the stability's issue and progress. alongside the secretary-general and others, we must succeed with organizing elections to mark that real restoration of the state and i will do my utmost to make sure that succeed. the same goes for venezuela, collective action must enable us to uphold democracy. and we must give no grounds to dictatorial trends that we see underway today. in ukraine as well, we must ensure the upholding of the .ommitments that have inlaid -- have been made we must -- the commitments that have been made. we must fight for a cease-fire. together with particularly germany, to extend to the
parties in that conflict to uphold international law and put an end to this conflict. multilateralism, the facingteral approach is a challenge in meeting the terms of nuclear proliferation. a majorg has crossed threshold in military escalation, allow us to acknowledge that. this is a threat that concerns all of us, a existential and collective threat. , not korea has not made given any sign of a wishing to negotiate to date. the north korean government is determined to raise the stakes. our responsibility together with all of our partners, including russia and china is through resolve, to bring north korea to the negotiating table from a -- for a political assessment. to reject escalation, and it will not close any door to
dialogue, provided that these conditions are brought together for a dialogue in favor of peace. it is the same objective that i would like to speak in favor of that nuclear agreement with iran. with the same objective. we put together a solid robust and verifiable agreement with iran, that would ensure that iran does not obtain nuclear weapons. renouncing it would be a great error. it would be irresponsible for us to fail to uphold the agreement, because this is a good agreement, an agreement that is essential to peace, at a time when a downward spiral cannot be discounted. this is what i said yesterday, to my u.s. and iranian partners. onish for us to work constraining the ballistic
ability of iran. we must work on the post 2020 solution, we must increase our not castd we must aside the achievements that we have made with the previous agreement. thanks to dialogue, we have managed to resolve the iranian situation. dialogue, multilateralism, as the only way forward, and that applies to north korea as well. [applause] ladies and gentlemen, i cannot say whether mice accessor in the far future, and 70 -- i cannot say whether my successor in the near future, in 70 years time will have the privilege of , speaking before you. will multilateralism survive this time of doubt and change? in truth, we ought to recall the
state of our world 70 years ago, a world that was working by war, stunned by genocide. we ought to regain the optimism that we held up in the face of so many reasons to doubt back then. we must regain faith in what brings us together. we must find trust again and confidence in these sending values of the united nations, universal. that protect all individuals across the nations and guarantee their dignity. about the current situation, distinguished delegates? we have allowed the idea to proliferate that multilateralism is a game for diplomat sitting around a table. that is what has happened over the past few years. because we allowed the idea to that we werecy
stronger, if we took unilateral action. that multilateralism was not capable of addressing all challenges. we have allowed this situation to drive on, we have failed to address climate change. the challengesat that have been brought about by unregulated capitalism. filima,asterisk*bravooscarx®"l to rid -- if we continue along that road, it is survival of the fittest that will prevail. we have forgotten the history that has made us, and we have allowed the idea to gain the, that it is the survival of the fittest, that the challenge that we face as a generation, is to regain our valleys. -- to regain our values. that there was
nothing more effective than multilateralism in our current world because all of our , challenges are multilateral. war, terrorism, climate change. etc.. we can only address those challenges through multilateralism. not through the law of survival of the fittest. worlde, our vision of the , if we are to achieve our vision of the world, we will only do that through multilateralism. it goes vision is universal, not regional. anytime that we have conceded certain ideas on the inequality of women for example, it is a matter of one civilization, but not for another, -- we abandon the universality of our values. we have allowed several of the -- we have allowed the survival
of the fittest approach to prevail in our countries, because any time the great powers are sitting around the table of the security council, they have renounced multilateralism, and failed to live up to the agreement that they signed. they have undermined multilateralism. uphold multilateralism for a sustainable peace in the future. [applause] today, more than ever before, we need a multilateralism approach, not because it somehow is a .efuge for intellectuals it is because it is about the rule of law. it is in all of our interest. it is through multilateralism that we will held he's and rise
through the challenges that we face. for us to achieve that, we have the united nations which has the full legitimacy to address the challenges faced by the world. it is for that reason that i wish for the united nations to be more effective, more responsible and more agile. project ofupport the the secretary-general and his ambition to make this into an organization that is able to face up to the challenges that we face. that.t seek resources for the receivedss notions that some of us may have. we need a security council that is in a position to make effective decisions. lose its that does not detail one of the -- atrocities are carried out.
we need the representation of all continents, better coordination and management with the european it -- european union and african union and other keys aboriginal organizations that we work with. -- with other key subregional organizations that we work with. it is for that reason that france will be ending shoulder -- will be standing shoulder to shoulder with the united states -- united nations in carrying out the reforms in the pipeline. i would like to say to you, all of these voices you've heard today have their rightful place in these halls, where all of us have our rightful ways. we must listen to those voices that are left a side. if we were to fail to listen to the voices of the victims and the oppressed, we would enable the challenges that they face to grow until such time that they engulf us all.
the safety of all of us, is also their safety. their lives are our lives. failure to hear the voices of those calling for our help is to believe that it is walls that protect us, but it is not walls that protect us. it is our desire to act, our refusal to accept that history is written without our input, and that what protects us is our sovereignty, and our sovereign use of force for victims in our world. failing to listen to those voices, would be to believe that there -- there light is not ours. plight is not
ours. what we need to protect is peace, freedom and justice. it is not something we can just enjoy in our own corner. if we do not stand up for those , then all of us will be affected. and today, more than ever before, our common good is our security. our security is there security. --their security. we cannot have on the one hand, one unilateral approach and another unilateral approach, so together with all of you, i wish for all of us to live in a strong and responsible multilateralism. it is the responsibility of our generation as a whole. distinguished delegates, we must
display courage, the courage to hear those voices. we must acknowledge their stories, and at all times, we must balance our interests and values, our safety and our security. we must balance our interests and our valleys. -- we must balance our interests and our values. our generation faces no other choice, because we must speak up today, and streak of for our common future. thank you. [applause] thank you. [applause] >> on behalf of the general assembly, i wish to thank the president of the french republic for the statement just made. may i request the representatives to remain seated