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tv   Tyler Texas  CSPAN  May 25, 2018 6:35pm-7:25pm EDT

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artifacts, a tour of the battlefield, monuments and american cemetery in france. day on c-span at 11 a.m. eastern, live coverage of at wreath laying ceremony the tomb of the unknown soldier. c-span 2, at on 8:30 p.m. eastern, in depth with list.l and on american history t.v. on a.m.n 3, beginning at 8:00 eastern, programs marking the sentinel of world war ii -- war of world this memorial day weekend. go to for more programs and times. next hour, an american history t.v. exclusive. tour visits tyler, texas, to learn more about its unique history and literary life. now, we'veears traveled to u.s. cities, andging the literary scene historic sites to our viewers. watch more of our visit at
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and her behavior was not questioned. do what she wanted, because she was on her own. and that allowed her the freedom both --at an issue from from more than one viewpoint. house. born in this she was the ninth child. andh child of sidney jr. annie mcclendon. she had eight brothers and sisters. very political family. mr. mcclendon was a founder of the democratic party here in smith county. also served as post master, worked for woodrow wilson's campaign and was a chairman of the democratic committee for many years as well. his wife, annie, was a suffroget. she kind of grew up as a model
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herself, sarah did. in the dining room and i think about her parents talking local, national, international events. and including the kids. so they would know. the breadth of what they read, i think, means that they were open. their did not just have one idea about you know, the world and lifer. and -- and life. they opened themselves up and a lot of different ideas. eclectic, very reading family. they didn't just look at cookbooks or, you know, murder mysteries. they ran the gamut. they did have a lot of different books, subject-wise. >> i was told, when i first started working in washington, they are going to have to ask end -- you bring up something new, different, that people want to know about and ask about that. of questions they want to know. so i always try to figure out
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some question that the people want toof washington know about. and believe me you, they appreciate it. they really do. me often that i'm asking the questions they'd ask if they was there. and i'm glad of that. i can -- but sometimes the pressgton white house corps don't understand what i'm asking about, because they don't know enough about what goes on outside of washington. >> ha ha! >> and a woman starting in a starting a news agency was unique in the fact that very independent news bureaus were open. most were associated with the or thetations up-and-coming t.v. stations. the primarywas source for news. go with the't just ordinary stories. look at what was happening with the little or not not the air force government but she wanted to see
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of theset that some had on peoples back home. eisenhower was once asked by her, she said, well, are you in of big dams upstream or little dams downstream? andourse he rolled his eyes said, ah... when he got back, on his desk from the corps of engineers. it showed that it meant the ofference of millions taxpayer dollars, that if they would build big upstream or little ones downstream. now, see, she knew it. and he didn't. should havek we training not on the job but training before they get there. man, well, i can tell you right, eisenhower, when you ask him a question, you had tell him what agency you were talking about or what had been happening, where it was in the and what did he think about it. you had to educate him on your
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question. wrote two books. the first one was "my eight see herts," and you can energetic face there. ha ha! mr. president, i've got a question for you. this one, it's her memories. kept wonderful notes. she has very detailed information about her relationship and then also she's know, pictures from in here as well. now, her second one was the part of her life. it was called, appropriately, mr. president. mr. president. ha ha! those press conferences, screaming, mr. president, mr. president! to ask, youhated know, give her questions, because either, a, it was something they didn't know about, or they thought that it to point.u know,
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99.9%, it really was on point. >> i don't see sarah as a real crusader for women's rights. i see her as an example of women's rights. she took on the jobs. she went into the army when she was -- for world war ii. started her own business. she was a bulldog about finding the details and getting the right point of a program. >> there's nothing wrong with to the pointnded where you want all information to come in to you. that's what reporters are trying do. reporters are conduits. you need us. whether we get kicked out or not, we're still supposed to be reporters and we're to tell you what's going on in the world. if you didn't have us, you'd government than you've got now. you need us badly.
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if anybody is trying to stop reporters from being reporters, and taking it from right or left or liberal or conservative, anywhere, where they find the facts, anyone who stops us from hurtingporters is democracy. >> located on u.s. 69 in tyler, texas, this is the first adopt a sign in the world. bobby evans, known as the father of adopt a highway, will share his story and the impact of this program. >> i've seen ranchers go down the road with feed sacks coming car.f their i've seen people stop at toss the bags. i've seen people throw beer cans out their window. it bothered me. bothered me a lot, especially since we had to clean it up. appreciate people calling me up and telling me my
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highway was dirty, go do about it. texas.ed out in west i was a maintenance engineer. and our job was to pick up trash. those days, the way we did that, on rainy days, when we we would send a truck out and put litter truck employeesur gifted pick up trash all day long, which was very demeaning. lot.t bothered me a and i know we had produced a to burn"ed "money showing the evils of littering. one of my assignments was to that film to civic clubs and schools. and it made quite an impression on me. do much on the public. and i didn't like sending our employees out to pick up trash. i didn't appreciate people throwing trash on the road. know we took a trip to south dakota to a highway
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meeting. talkingife and i kept about how clean the roadways were in south dakota. decided -- and the cities were so clean that, you know, there had to be some public involvement in there. i had to give a speech to a civic club. and i had a portion of that speech that i challenge you to rid of highway to get the obscenity of litter. and, of course, that was just a of my speech and i didn't expect anybody to jump up and do anything. thought about that, you know, that might be something we could try. our local chamber of commerce. and i enlisted their help. well, we're having a garden club convention and we'll black, toan on, billy give a speech and see if somebody will take us up on that. enough, the tyler club did. 1985, we put the signs up.
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this section of highway adopted the town club. they cleaned the highways. a highway program was born. and we gave speeches to civic clubs. a video that we showed to people, encouraging highways.opt but we promoted the idea did come to people us. districts,ighboring people would see it, and they andd contact their office their local highway department and they'd want to adopt a highway. format that we had was what was used everywhere else. fromike i said, people other states would see it. first thing you know, they had a highwaytional adopt conference. so every year, they'd get states andom all the have meetings and discuss what people were doing in other states. was just -- it was just a
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program that's time had come. people wanted to become involved. they wanted to volunteer. i still say the secret was giving people credit for what they were doing. big sign. a big sign. of course, a lot of people criticize the signs. say the signs are too big. you know what we told them? saw a statue erected to a critic. taxpayers gain about $3 million a year from the free labor they get from people going out and up litter. and that's been 33 years ago. times $3 million. that's a lot of money that the taxpayers have saved through this program. well, the state pays for the signs. and the bags. and the labor is free. the groups go out and do this on their own. from a personal standpoint, i it's aally good that legacy i can leave with my
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children and grandchildren, from point, you know. it's something i feel good about. it'sg what happened, nearly unbelievable how this thing started. envision it didn't to go worldwide when we started it. clean uphts were let's tyler, texas. it's just amazing what's happened. world war ii took on a new meaning in the war, because prior to that, you know, we'd used -- in world war i, we'd used some bombing and a lot mostly groundut forces. but the bombers were able to go in and destroy cities and destroy infrastructure that you didn't have access to from the ground. after strategic targets, which would be railroad lines. it could be factories. military bases. it could be anything that supports the country's war-fighting capability. and so it became very, very
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popular. today, the military will tell you today, we cannot win a war without air power. that's why -- that's where it developed, in world war ii, with the strategic bombing. >> we're going to look at the of wilbur dickson. he is a local guy, grew up here, duringame a photographer world war ii, he joined the military and they made him an officer. photographer.l during the war, he was sent out tooke pacific where he photographs of numerous -- i can't even tell you how many different targets he photographed from the air. and he made the repository for all of his artifacts and memorabilia. is the acronym for historical aviation memorial museum. with some ofroom his more memorable things. we do have two cameras on display that he used, sitting behind me in a case. 1930-erahem are
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cameras. the were good cameras, as photographer indicates that we have here. the room is very popular because to see things from local people in museums. before you bomb a antarctica, -- before you bomb a target, you know where you want to place the bomb. so they had to go in, because you think about it. war ii, we didn't have aerial photography like we have today of all the cities in world. so they had to go create their own. they would send bombers in, in, different airplanes to take aerial photography of different installations, then they would come back and review them, what important to be bombed and what was not. that's why the aerial off.graphy took so his job was very vital. that we have
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includes -- which includes four pre- and post strikes from the air of both nagasaki, which are really phenomenal, because that's the first time we used an bomb, on hiroshima, and nagasaki. beens the only place it's used in the world. it wasn't taken a month or a hiroshima and nagasaki. they were taken a few days before the bombing. but they knew they were gonna be bombed. whether or not they knew they were going to use an atomic bomb, i'm not sure, but they gonna be bombed. they had several cities on the agenda, by the way. they took photographs of other cities that they were going to target. things we interesting have here that people don't really know about is, prior to bombing hiroshima and nagasaki, on allped pamphlets those cities and areas where we told the japanese people, we're these cities. please leave. we don't want to to kill you.
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leave. alive. you know, this is for civilians. think tooess i don't many left but we did go and bomb them, after we said we were. he was a real hero from tyler. winphotography helped us to the war, that's for sure. he provided a real service for the country. a local hero here in tyler. >> the tyler rose garden is one attraction.s major right now we'll hear from one of the area's local growers who the historyome of and how it fares today. [bird singing] >> the rose industry began in tyler, around the turn of the century, early 1900's. it began as a crop that came in to being, after there was a devastation of peaches that were raised here in the area, the
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farmers were looking for an crop.ative and some of the early beginnings began with people that had some roots that knew about roses and had interest in roses, started bringing that industry here into the tyler area. from thaton and grew multi-milliona dollar industry and encompassed a whole lot of growers in the region. our weather and soil in this area are very conducive to growing roses. sandy loamerally a soil condition, slightly acidic. our normal winters are good cooling and chilling time that sends the roses into dormancy, for them.ood but then also we have an abundant amount of rainfall that is good for growing not only roses but other agricultural crops as well. so it was a perfect climate, a perfect situation. roses were grown in the field. 200- toage field was
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300,000 plants in the field, 20,000 plants per acre. the crops growing in the field crop. two-year you had mainly grafted roses. one isgrafting and called on on-root method where you actually take a cutting from the plant and root that cutting a plug. that's really popular today. it's more economical. seem to do better on their own root system, but not way.oses can be grown that back in the beginning, most everything was grown from the grafted method here in the area and on the acreage and the land surrounding the tyler area. changed. industry has the processing plants are still here, but there has been a lot of investment from the local processors in the area and in fields in california and arizona. and one of the reasons for that devastating freeze that hit here in the 80's, with roses had aa two-year crop we severe hard freeze in december,
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in the early 80's. and it took out a lot of the growers and it took out the crop production. it really devastated it. growers to for the get back into production, thatse interest rates at time were about 18%. some folks will remember, back 80's, interest rates were not as low as they are with current markets that we have now. so some of the growers left. we started looking then at fields in bakersfield, california, that area. phoenix, arizona, and most of the field grown production today is in those areas. those plants, however, are this area by refrigerated truck. they still go through our processing facilities, packaged and martinned, and then -- outeted and then sent back for both wholesale and retail across the united states and other countries. the rose festival in this area began from garden groups and interested inre the industry. and it had kind of evolved.
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small garden meetings. and then it turned into a festival. then the festival turned into a parade. it became a really big event in october. it would bring people from all to tyler for our rose festival. the rose festival still goes on today. we still celebrate the industry and the heritage and the history in tyler.e industry and then, of course, we do have our beautiful garden that we the roses.splay of it has went through evolution as changes over the years well. so wpa project was at the beginning, when the garden was built. and now, today, there are different varieties of roses on display for people to walk through and see and see what may like to see in their yard or available for market also from the different and retail nurseries around. well, our rose garden not only have a garden but we
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beenipal building that has refurbished and redone from its original construction. there's a wonderful museum that people can go in and learn the history and heritage of the rose industry here, not only from but how it involved and got here from its roots in europe and other parts of the world. how the rose industry evolved and became located here in tyler, texas. >> i'm a journalist. i spent 30 years working for daily newspapers. oxford,inally from mississippi. a native southerner. east texas in the mid-90's. and i moved here as a reporter morning news. i started working for the dallas 1987.g news in worked there for about 23 years. in both texas and in i firstppi, where started as a reporter, i did a racialwork looking at issues. rights.ory of civil
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once you pay attention, you can see it all around you. certainly, some people say tyler is the most southern of texas cities. and so, you know, the history termss also pronounced in of civil rights struggles, you know. struggles, they're very prominent and involve figures. and the movement has really gone -- it's not unnoticed. quiet anden very almost hidden to some people, but tyler was a battlefield. very early on, right after brown versus board of education, in the civil rights movement. so that interested me. ad once there started to be discussion, last year, about the ine of a public school tyler, one of the two major high e.ools here is called robert lee high school. and there began to be a
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discussion over why the school named that and whether it was a good idea to keep the name. was sparked by deathmonstrations and the of a protester at charleston, virginia. here in townr actually asked for the school board to consider changing the name. the name of the school, saying and given the history the symbolism and given that this was a confederate figure, was questioning why a public school, particularly in this day and age, particularly in a that is now majority black and hispanic, why you named for a school this. so there was and i went to the board meeting, just out of curiosity. wereal people stood up who robert e. lee graduates during
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this school board meeting, and they were saying how they didn't want the school's name changed, and they repeated that old saw that if you don't know your history, you will be doomed to repeat it. and it struck me as a child of the south, with my background, that these people might not necessarily know their own history and they might not be aware of how this name came to be. curious and used my report or real skills to look reportorial skills to look into it. loopublisher of the tyler was interested in looking into this and she encouraged me to dive in. i called thekly, folks at the tyler-smith county historical society, asking what they have. i thought, maybe they will have an annual. but they had a treasure trove of information.
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in 1950 seven, this decision came down. the city was looking at building a new school, a new, segregated high school anyway community in the southern part of town. and there was a debate, what do we name the school? effort made ton let the student body, the white student body at the school decide what they were going to name it. and ultimately, some choices were given to the school district, and the school board, white, decided to name the school robert e. lee high school. the white community would say, this is to honor our past and our history, tyler has a rich theory connected to confederacy. can't ford is right up from here up fromforward is right
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here, so we are just honoring our confederate heritage. but in the black community, this was very much seen as a thumb in eye and a gesture of defiance. and after the name to the school, very quickly overt defiance became clear. the mascot chosen, it was the rebels. they also refer to them as the confederates. the school symbol became the rebel flag. within a year after the school opened, in 1960, a prominent andly in town brought flag.d a gigantic rebel it was bragged about is the second-biggest rebel flag in the world. here is a picture with some of the students around it. it took 20 high school boys to carry the flag. again, you have these confederate symbols coming out, over to symbols of segregation
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regular --mbols of symbols of segregation. and it couldn't he lost on any members of the black community, and you had not only that symbol, but you had a group that wase rebel guard formed by a high school history teacher within a year or two after the school was named. here is a picture of the rebel guard, and they are all wearing what look like confederate uniforms, and that is by design. these are actually authentic uniforms, that were identical to those used by an artillery unit that was assigned to support robert e. lee's army during the civil war. withhey are posed then-governor connally, john connolly, at an event.
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just from start to finish, you had so many different symbols of the confederacy. the drill team was known as the and the band war the stars and bars on their chests as part of the uniform. here is the drum major for the robert e. lee band. you can see the stars and bars very prominently displayed on his chest, and you can also see the same in a picture of some lettermen wearing their letter jackets. what is the most prominent on the letter jacket? it's a confederate flag. so it couldn't be lost on anybody, what they were trying to say here. first annuals, you can see the confederate soldier, the confederate flag,
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so it was a very, very powerful symbols, and symbols of resistance. telling detail, even the school newspaper was and still is known today as the southern accent. there is a confederate caricature that is their mascot, , anotherthe rebs name for the sports teams are the confederates. whenis an article about they are naming the rebel guards men, the guys in the confederate uniforms that she would off their cannons, there being named here today. and here's a picture of one of these guys in the school newspaper. ingrained in the daily fabric of life in the school, we are the rebels, we
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are the confederacy, this is the old south and this is the old lily-white sap. -- lily-white south. historicalile at the society that was capped by a prominent lawyer in town who was also involved in the school district, and he kept in his files a chronology of the battles over immigration. this is from the view of the white power structure, what they were trying to do as they were successively -- there were successively more-aggressive efforts in the federal government and the courts to force desegregation. and what the story tells as you look at this record and other records, is a story of a power structure in the school district that was slow walking.
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when they could, they would absolutely say no. and when it was clear the federal government and the courts were going to force the issue, they would work as slowly as possible. the department of justice filed suit against the tyler independent school federal in tyler courts. the case went to a judge that had not been on the bench that long, who was from one county over with a great name for any judge, william wayne justice. the case came before him in mid and they asked judge justice to order immediate and sweeping integration. at that time, there were two white high schools, john tyler high and robert e. lee. there was one black high school, school,cott high beloved in the black community, it had been there since the 1920's.
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and when they realized that the gig was up, the school board desegregate,lan to in part, by closing emmett scott high school, which again the black community looked at as a thumb in their eye. had aas a school that proud history and had graduated prominent members, not only here, but people who went on to great success elsewhere. and they were saying, if you are going to do this, we are going to shut this down. and the justice department's responded that this is racially motivated. and inexpert rot in by the federal lawyers said, it doesn't ane financial sense -- and expert brought in by the federal lawyers said, it doesn't make financial sense. and the judge ordered immediate
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ly that it would stay open. there were discussions among the school board, and bear in mind, school was going to start within a month, so they needed to come up with a plan pronto, and under the gun, in the back room, federal lawyers agreed and compromised with the white leadership in the school board. the news agreement, came down that emmett scott would be closed and would no longer be used as a school. that was devastating, again, to a black community who had revered, the school had been revered. also painful that their kids were going to have to go to a school named after a confederate general. were four 1972 there kids from the black student body lee who asked the school
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board with a petition to please change these names -- please change this name and these confederate symbols. because this was a school that was now integrated that had black kids who had to now run under a rebel flag. here was a school where you had black kids running under a rebel flag every time they came out onto the football field, if they were on the football team. they wore the stars and bars. they had kids doing rebel yells and waiting rebel flags in the stands, and shooting up a cannon, dressed like confederate soldiers, every time the football team scored. and members of the black this is really unacceptable to our kids. we are having this shoved in our else, every time somebody l, rel.em hel
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kids to said asking honor the confederate flag was like asking jewish kids to honor the nazi flag. the school board delayed action and in november 1972 there were skirmishes between white kids and blacks. there is debate about how it started and how syria was -- and thererious it was, but was enough tension that police were called in. the next day, people were scared. 500 kids did not come to school at lee. told to stay were away. and at a pep rally, the white kids saying dixie, black kids raised their fists and a black power salute, there was more tension. in all of that environment the school board is asked to vote in november about what they are going to do about the school name change. they refused to vote on whether to change the name.
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and one white board member said black students did not deserve the right to ask for changes because of all the fights at the and said if the black students had been a little less arrogant, a little less demanding, compromise would have been accomplished. you may get a lot of these things, but is it worth it to polarize and alienate your role community? so that a great number hate each other's guts? so the rhetoric was strong on both sides and among members of the school board. the nextt was delayed, month the state education agency's representatives sent people to tyler to tell the school board that the issue was not closed, that they were going to have to look at the confederate symbols and the name of the school.
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on january 14, 1970 two the board voted 5-2 to get rid of the rebel mascot, the confederate flags, the dixie fight song, the rebelette drill other confederate symbols. it was only under duress and two board members wouldn't agree. at the same time, they voted unanimously to keep the school's name. the next morning, lee students came to school to see teachers fanning out across the campus, stripping classrooms of confederate flags and rebels and rebels in any other symbols. there were also plans -- no plans to take out a mosaic at the school lobby, and rebel symbols on the gym floor. and newspapers that were the voice of the white community, there were articles describing white students crying, some studentsnd some
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appearing to accept the changes. but it was a very dramatic time within the school. the discussion largely died down about what the school should be named, until charlottesville. ace charlottesville happened, minister of hispanic heritage andn to raise the issue, what was gratifying and interesting about presenting this to people is, even people on the school board approached the folkso approached at the tyler loop, saying over and over again, we didn't know this. we didn't know this. we didn't know this about our own community. so what started it as a curiosity b about someone saying, if you don't know your
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history you are going to repeated, and a curiosity that led to this project, where we were presenting it to people. in some cases, for the first time, even though they may go back generations in the white community and also in the black community, we found official records of the systematic enforcement of segregation, that people in the black community really had no idea existed. several folks said to me after they read our stuff, i can't believe they wrote this down. but you are looking at it through a lens of the 21st century. and if you go back 50 years, tyler was a very, very different place. of the chief pieces of evidence i point to is how different we have become, we are having this discussion here right now and it is a civil discussion. it is still ongoing. they haven't decided what they're going to do about renaming the school, but they are seriously considering it.
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it has been a civil discourse. there are strong emotions on both sides, but that tells me something about how this very southern city has changed. ford was the largest confederate pow camp west of the mississippi river during the civil war. randy gilbert with the historical society shares this piece of tyler history with us. of capre at the site ford, the largest prisoner of war camp west of the mississippi river during the civil war. as a prison cap from august 1863 through may 1865. the last prisoners were exchanged may 20 7, 1865, six weeks after appomattox. there were somewhere around 5400 37t all told,
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prisoners can be identified as having come through this facility. theou happened to be prisoner of war during the civil war, this probably was one of the best camps existing. it started as a camp for officers in the summer of 1863. wereg that winter, they able to build reasonably substantial log quarters. at the southwest corner of the stockade, when large numbers of prisoners started to be dumped in 1864, this camp had a sense of internal order and discipline. officers quarters were above the spring and they could control the water supply. thing is they kept the water supply good and clean and pure. member ofn a longtime the cook county historical society and have been working for 30 pluscility
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years, in terms of researching and developing it. the part of the grant application where he received the grant to develop the site as a historic park included two seasons of archaeological work done by texas and m university. the lithograph that was drawn wem a drawing in 1865, once got some sense of where the boundaries of the stockade were, i can take you over there and show you where the artist was sitting when he was drawing sketches of the stockade. it matches perfectly. from the 48ther ohio came to visit the scene of his incarceration in 1896, and left a handwritten monogram of his return to tyler, and the dimensions he gave in terms of defining the perimeters of the stockade. we have a number of diaries we have uncovered, except we are
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1865, but other than that i can almost any what the weather was here on a day by day basis, because that is one of the things they noted in their diaries. probably the most common thing they talked about was the boredom of being a prisoner of war, and wishing they were home. one prisoner noted in his diary, every moment is wasted. there is one set of brothers, was one set of brothers originally from illinois, and one of them had come to texas in 1850. his younger brothers stayed in illinois, and they had lost contact. evening, this prisoner looks at the garden says, what is your name? what is it to you, yank? you are myhink i
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brother. low and behold, it was his brother guarding him. they moved back to illinois and are buried side-by-side. one has a confederate tombstone and the other has a union tombstone. escape attempts were very common. we can identify 97 people who made successful breaks. when the stockade was expanded, they improvised and the original stockade logs were probably 16 feet out of the ground. when the expanded they cut them off to six feet. so the final stockade was only six feet tall, so it wasn't hard to get out. the problem was making it the three miles to union lines, but even so newlywed hundred men make good and escape from here. some spent better than two years in captivity.
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i can think of the horrors of your first texas summer with no shelter. we hope they can understand that these were people fighting for our freedoms. the union soldiers were from every state in the nation, with the exception of i think delaware and vermont. and hopefully they can appreciate what our forebears suffered to give us our freedoms . isour visit to tyler, texas an american history tv exclusive. we showed it today to introduce you to the c-span cities tour. for seven years we have traveled to is american cities, bringinge literary scene and historic sites to our viewers. watch more on president trump: -- >> tonight on c-span, activist sits down withno
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former president george w bush to talk about fighting aids around the globe. things,arned lots of and is an irish person, i sometimes find it difficult, the way some people are very verbal about their faith. with irish people it is quite a private thing, angela understand in a country that was torn in two by religion, why we keep that to ourselves. but i do remember speaking about this disease in those terms. we talked about it as leprosy, because it was untouchable. that is why was so powerful when your mother, barbara bush, had that child and then hugged the man who challenged her, and older adult aids sufferer
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[applause] stigma, in the united states, stigma was a killer. born of an aids activist, sir, and you became one. and i was thinking today, barbara bush,. >> you can see this entire andersation with bono president bush on c-span at 8:00 eastern. coming up this weekend, facebook founder mark zuckerberg testifying before the european parliament on his company's effort to protect the personal data of facebook users. you can see that tomorrow 10 a clock eastern europe c-span. tomorrow night, georgetown university professor michael dyson, new york times columnist michelle goldberg, actor stephen fry and psychologist jordan peterson debate political correctness at the biannual munk
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debate in toronto, at 9:30 saturday here on c-span. >> president trump delivered the commencement address at the u.s. naval academy today. the washington post writes of the annual speech being a presidential tradition with deep roots, like when a foot of snow piled up on the brick sidewalks of annapolis as president theodore roosevelt arrived by 05 to speak to graduate. the story says midshipmen were graduating in january instead of spring, to man the warships their commander-in-chief was building. here's president trump taking on a sunny, spring day, to tell the graduates that the u.s. military again." "respected [applause] [captions cogh


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