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tv   Former British Foreign Sec. Boris Johnson at AEI  CSPAN  September 14, 2018 4:32am-5:30am EDT

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in everything in everything bu presidency. the eiving an award from american enterprise institute. this is an hour.
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good evening. please take your seats. good evening. eightys and gentlemen, i'm arthur brooks president of the american enterprise institute. welcome to the 2018 annual dinner and irving kristol award. were here tonight with old friends and new friends and ood food and a beautiful
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setting to celebrate here at the national building museum a community we have built together. aei is a community of $250 and staff in 1600 supporters and as many of you know we're founded in 1938, 80 years ago, this year. it's our 40th annual dinner. it's amazing. some of you have been to most of them. my first aei annual dinner was in 2007 and i was a professor at syracuse university and i was nvited as a visiting scholar to attend this wonderful event and my wife esther and i came down from syracuse like country mice and we looked at this crowd and said these are people only ever see on tv. and we
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were watching the speaker with were watching the speaker with binoculars which gives you an dea of what table i got. enterprise institute. you never know what life has in store for you. it's my tenth year as host of this event and is also my last. as many of you know i announced a few months ago this is the last year of my presidency of aei. over the past ten years i've given over a thousand public speeches in service of our mission traveling all over this great country talking about dignity and human potential and gathering support for the magnificent work of aei scholars. who are dedicated to the pitfalls of limited government in a free society and the belief that america's values are a gift to the world. what a privilege it has been. when i first began this job ten years ago -- i will be honest, i was nervous about speaking in public and i have not done it that much. it was something i needed to get better at and someone gave me a piece of advice. he told me to read a book and not a lofty piece of literature that are scholars produce but a book on self improvement and its famous book by dale carnegie and how to win friends and influence people. in the book dale carnegie brilliantly traveled all over the united states and asked the most accessible people the dinner and irving kristol award. were here tonight with secrets of their success. in the book when he's talking to a great magician of the time in the 1920s, our thirst and he said what is the secret to your performance. you're the greatest performer of your generation and howard thurston with the magician said simple. gratitude. he said every night before i go out on stage i recite this meditation. i am grateful because these people came to see me. they make it
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possible for me to make my living in a agreeable way and i'm going to give them the very best i possibly can and then right before he stepped out he says i love my audience. i love y audience. that gave me a lot of help early on in this job because gratitude and practice are the secret to good performance but i thought about that earlier today and it occurred to me that as i step on stage night and give that same meditation of gratitude and love it's not just to calm my nerves but a sincere expression of gratitude and i love that i feel for the people in this room i want to take just a couple minutes and tell you why i have so much gratitude toward you. to begin with. here tonight among this group are my true intellectual heroes and some of my closest friends. as a graduate student many years ago i remember
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reading the works of great scholars and nick eberstadt and michael novak and i thought to myself i will never meet these people but they help me to understand that my views about individual liberty and american strength are not weird and i can be an intelligent culture, sophisticated person and maybe even a professional intellectual and hold those views. i am so grateful for that and nothing gives me greater satisfaction then to support the work of of scholars and staff of aei and in particular i want to mention one. i want to mention the scholar that is had more influence on my thinking then any single other individual. hat is charles murray.
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charles murray retired from full-time service at aei this year. you would not know it based on this activity and you can tell when charles murray's retired but charles murray is someone that i started reading many years ago. when i read his work i thought f i could use data in social science like that to try to express things that are going on in human life then i would be successful. when i finally came to aei and i was president of aei and i called up charles and said can we have lunch and he said you are the president of aei. we got together and i realized that is not just a great scholar but a great friend and was going to be and indeed he is become a role model for me in so many ways. we get to spend to be a
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small part of his extraordinary career but my life has also been immeasurably enriched my friendship in this room and people like, the cochairman of aei's extraordinary board. so many others of this community is people not only supported me as i've been head of this organization but they patiently taught me about leadership and things have gone well at aei because of them. the second source of my gratitude is more obvious than that. as you know, as you should no, this institution does not just run on good feelings. although we have them. we spent about $50 illion a year to build our dea agenda and communicated to millions of people every year around the world. we actually have the most inefficient business model in america. we are in the business of losing
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$50 million a year and intellectual property. you make hat possible. it's incredible. we combine your financial resources with the intellectual resources of a concept to produce the excursion of our shared values. we have people of the society. here's the greatest source of my gratitude. as i finished tonight. at aei we have a subversive mission that you support. from the earliest days aei's model was in a competition ideas of fundamental to a free society. think about that. a competition of ideas, not agreements on one thing at the compete freely, why? the accommodation brings excellence in monopoly brings stagnation and brings mediocrity. that is true in the economy and true in electoral politics and true in ideas. to millions of people every year get to excellence we need to disagree and disagree freely
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with civility and respect and even love for each other. that is what we stand for. no party lines. we have a risis in this country today of too many people in public life not dedicated to the competition of ideas but rather intent on shutting down the competition. with insult and intimidation and even contempt that leads to mediocrity but also morally disordered and everything a person in this room loves someone with whom they disagree politically. in our culture of contempt when strangers on your side urge you to say that your loved ones are stupid and evil we have a major problem. i am most grateful to
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be a member of the community that rejects a culture of contempt. we are countercultural. that is fine. we simply do our work and remember our mission principles. let me remind you of these mission principles. we are brothers and sisters, human dignity is radically equal for all of us and all circumstances and in all stages of life every place in the world. progress we are progressives. progress is always possible by unleashing the greatest source of energy in history which is human potential and the american free enterprise system that is pulled billions of our brothers and sisters out of poverty in our lifetime and that's the most potent system
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ever to discover in the city the human potential. america's international leadership and economic cultural diplomatic and military that is set people free around the world to live up to their highest potential and with our hard work and prayers america will always do o. let me sum up what we are all about. at aei. we want america to live up to its promise of a country of ambitious riffraff pursuing happiness and building something good and meaningful and earning our success in
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sharing our values and serving each other. these are the principles that are written on the hearts of the people in this room and substantiated every day by the scholars and staff and supporters and trustees and friends of the american express institute but t fills me with gratitude. having been given the gift of having been given the gift of leading, not this organization at this movement for the past ten years. god bless you. and thank you so very much thank [applause] you. now it is on to our >>program. a wonderful program it will be. intellectual program comes first first. then supper and the serious business of rinking and exchanging his business cards.
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tonight we areare honored as always at the vet to bestow aei's annual award, the irving kristol name the memory of our beloved friend and colleague before we introduced this year's winner i want to turn the mic over to bill kristol, friend to so many of us for so many years and son of irving kristol and editor at large for the standard. will speak about his father and legacy. ladies and gentlemen, bill kristol. [applause] >>good evening. it's an honor to join arthur and welcoming you to this annual dinner. and congratulating the 15thirving kristol award and a distinct group. before that there were about a quarter century of francis for your awards and that's a distinct group if you look it up. going back to 1977.
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remember when in 2003 they told my father that the aei board had voted to change the annual award and lecture to the irving kristol lecture and my father was not much moved by these kinds of honors honestly but that one meant something to him. i remember later on talking to him and think of you feel guilty or bad about francis lawyer and i father said no, not really. e had a good run. the irving kristol award had a good run and hopefully has a few more years but it's a dog eat dog world out there so creative destruction and all that stuff that people at a high so nyway. it's has been a wonderful group and people like charles murray and rabbi jonathan and benjamin netanyahu
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and by looking over the list i am reminded that charles, who adly died the summer was the second awardee until an it was worth reading. my mother was second awardee until an it was worth reading. my mother was slightly indisposed but cannot be here tonight and sends her best. and former colleagues and she congratulates which was pleased that she told me it's good they're giving the award to a magazine editor and i said i mean my mother -- she said to me i read theater before boris johnson was born back in the 40s and 50s and read it under his editorship and have read it sense but i said mom, boris became mayor of london for two terms, i think it was and foreign secretary
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i'm not just the magazine editor and my mother says for the crystals magazine editor is he highest title. certainly i agree with. i want to say a word but not about my father but about arthur and arthur did not know i would do certainly i agree with. i want this but is ten years has been extraordinary here at aei. he followed who was 20 years also extraordinary and in management and institutions from the tenure of chris and arthur is that it's really a good thing for an institution to have excellent leaders. i recommend this to everyone. it really is a high standard obviously is i have a third of a century under chris and other being the preeminent
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think tank in washington and the country and perhaps in the world, a place that respects excellence but also respects diversity of views and approaches and it shows that excellence and diversity can go together. a place that is always resisted what is fashionable and try to look beyond the headlines and into the headlines at times. try to this but is ten years has been follow intellectual conclusions to their end and not worry too much about whether they are popular at least in the short term. although things really an achievement of the predecessors but especially and in the last decade of arthur. he took over an institution that was already strong and made it stronger yet but it's a very good example for us in this day and age that decade of arthur. he took over shunning the vulgarity and resisting conformity and avoiding mere popularity is the right thing to do and very much been in the long-term of a
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which stands as an example, i think, not just think tanks but in the academic world arthur is stepping down and aei and going to harvard. i hope. say this and i should say this to the loyal harvard man but it's a true fact that the intellectual and caliber of the work and commitment to truth and commitment to honest and respectful discourse but also serious discourse in terms of if i think something arthur can bring to harvard from aei or good luck with that, arthur. i do want to say i really think they're not just an example for dc but to the country and to the world an example we need more than ever and maybe i can get that and i don't have a bias here but to
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raise a glass and join me in toasting arthur brooks as what will be the last annual disney a dinner to provide preside over. arthur's planning a whole bunch of commemorating his tenure but this is the last annual dinner you will be asked so let's offer a toast to our friend and leader, arthur brooks. >>thank you, bill. thank you to all of you. one of the many great things of this job is been able to meet most interesting people in the world. it is actually easy to call them up and say would you like to come to aei and they almost always say, yes. it's incredible and tonight award
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winner is one of those people and someone i've always wanted to meet and probably you had always wanted to meet him to to. he is a member of the british parliament and the uk secretary of state for foreign and commonwealth affairs and the mayor of london and the best-selling author and renowned historian. he is a cult figure in the uk and famous for everything from tackling a german politician in a soccer match to having a bicycle named after him to his hair. i say that because i am jealous. most importantly this is a man who loved liberty and values of free enterprise and will understand the role his country and our country play in the future of the world that ladies and gentlemen on behalf of the entire aei community, scholars, staff and trustees is my honor to officially award he american enterprise
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institute 2018 irving kristol to the honorable boris johnson. > thank you very much. thank you very much. [applause] thank you. i'm very honored. >>how delighted i was and i was under stress because you both in parliament and had to come this morning and we're watching your flight all the way across the atlantic. >>wild horses wouldn't you knock me down with a feather that you re going to give me the irving
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kristol and i hadn't been so surprised sense i got a letter from the university of melbourne saying i was going to be a professor of european thought. i thought it was a case of mistaken identity. it was a very important institution. i followed the work of aei scholars and people associated with this body for many years. followed the work of aei you have been credibly influential and drive us to change and things i believe in. >>thank you. thank you for your generosity on behalf of all of us. we'll talk about highfalutin things this evening but i want to start on the personal level. a lot of people
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here don't know about you that you were born in america. >>i was. in new york. they were where my parents were. i wanted to be close to her mother at the time. it was a expensive decisionbecause it turned out that the united states the internal revenue service. expen it turned out that the united states the internal revenue service. >>well acquainted to those in his room. >>anyway, in order to help you guys out they pursued me for the tax on my primary dwelling in london even though i had not lived in america for 45 years. which i thought was excessive. o with great reluctance, it was a very reluctance, it was a very emotional moment and with great reluctance i had to forswear
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that citizenship. >> you renounced that citizenship. >>like the man in the bible i had great possessions or not great possessions in my case but enough. >>you realized this makes it impossible for you to be elected president of the united states. expensive decision >yes. >>tell me about your upbringing. we both have mothers who are professional painters. i found it interesting to tell me about your childhood. >> itis absolutely true my mother is a painter and i've always wanted to paint very badly myself. and indeed, do. it's a she's been an inspiration to me. by the way, she very much on the left. i don't know what relevance that is but she is. i am thoroughly supportive of me. by the way, she very much painters everywhere. connected to know. boris has the painter vote. and you were
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brought up in a mixed household, left and right. what rought you to your politics? funnily enough i was pretty >>middle-of-the-road until university where i was the exposure to other left-wing students, bourgeois affluence, and political left-wing students -- >> the best kind. >>yeah, and their hatred of modern margaret thatcher about who i had no strong really and political left-wing views until then it they supported the minor leader of the in attempt to
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bring the democratic elected governments of the uk. i first found the stirrings of conservative sentiment that. >>fundamental you are a contrary ion >> well, i suppose that's agood insight. my right feelings were triggered triggered. it was a sense of outrage of their hypocrisy. why don't we call it that in >>the united states? glutinous hypocrisy. with that win elections? > i think you should give it a go. >>when was your first elective office? > i won something as a student i think but my first -- i tried to get elected in wales in 1997. it was the year of the conservative route since 1906. i thought -- i did
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did not win nd but i views until then it they then g >> and you've been in public life ever since. >> i was mayor of london for a couple of times. >>one of the things your well known for besides public life and political life is being a best-selling author. it's pretty unusual and pretty it's a highbrow intellectual work which your churchill factor mostly is. someone you admire a great deal and in that great book which i recommend to all of you for your interest is for us rates churchill matters today because he saved our civilization and the important oint is that only he can done. tell me a little bit about your admiration for winston churchill in the key lessons you learn from them today and we can learn learn.
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>the key thing about churchill is that he was so fantastically brave. he was not the big guy and he was bullied at school and pelted with cricket balls he was only 5'6" tall and had a 0-inch chest as a young man. he was a runty guy. he turned thims by sheereffort of will into this extraordinary colossus who dominated so much of british politics in the 20th century. the key point to me is that although he made so many mistakes and got so many things wrong from gallipoli to the abdication crisis to going back on gold to his attitude towards indian independence, things ent catastrophically wrong but one big thing he got right in may 1940 when the uk had to
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make the decision about whether to fight on or to do a deal ith mussolini and hitler and ifchurchill had not been in that room no doubt at all in my mind that we would have come to terms with something. he made all the difference because he basically decided that it would be a disaster for his country and the british empire and civilization if we did the deal. within a year of that decision 30000 british men, women and children have been killed p by a nazibombs. 30000. but as a result of the decision to fight on i elieve that he saved the european continent from
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bsolutebarbarism. it was a willingness -- look at this. it was a willingness to think for himself and to be brave. that e need to follow that today. >>give me an example of something that we need to be brave and follow our instinct. >>since you drag it from me kicking and screaming -- actually you didn't but i'll tell you anyway. when you look at our country and the uk we have a great choice right now. we are in the throes of of deciding exactly how to carry ut with brexit. we've done quite well. you gone through ten minutes without brexit.
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>>it's all over now. >>but we have a choice and i would just say for you scholars of the american enterprise institute's critical moment for everyone who says or cares about the market and competition in global free trade and about all the things that as he was saying making billions of people out of poverty. the uk could be about to come loose of that european system of revelation and government. it could be about to enter a global system of independent economic actor again. able to campaign for procompetitive policy mac. that is the opportunity and i hope very much that with you guys in america we can work together to deliver that agenda and there was a conversation going on in my country about the last thing
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we want now is for us having made this momentum decision to o from brexit to be sucked back of brussels and trapped is what i want into the orbit and egulatory -- >>brussels is a dust star if you're not following the rest reference. >>i lived in brussels and my daughter was born in brussels. it's a wonderful town and i love belgium but the fact is the -- >> beer,chocolate, bureaucracy, -- >>the eu for all its achievements and has been great achievements over the last 50-60 years, 70 years of the eu's existence but
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all its achievements it really is no longer right in its current form or the uk. we've done the right thing and done the right thing. having done that and having done that we got to make sense of it. there is no point at all in us coming out of the eu only to remain effectively in large measure run by the eu. if you take back control then take back control nd use it for a purpose. i hope you will get the support of you guys in achieving that bjective. i will come back to this issue >>in a minute but i want to go slightly backward to another ook you wrote the bears on the subject about a popular book about the history of rome. an issue and subject on which you have expertise. you observed that one of the great things the romans did was to create a
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common identity of cultures and linkages and tribes. and yet you have also said you believe that rome and the european union where relatively little esemblance to tommy why they are so different so we can get back brexit in your are so different so we can get back brexit in your understanding of your separation from the eu and how it is in your interest in it i >> ilived in brussels and thinking deeply about as i always do about that european civilization and its relationship with its past and i have no doubt at all in eight deep freudian way the european and federalist want to re-create that idea of this great unified whole that was wrecked by the roman empire. probably said the same thing the other day and it was an amazing thing, the roman empire. it lasted from 732 bc to whatever you deeded to and some say it still has a fallen but whatever. 476ad -- it was a long time it was fantastically uccessful. i think the
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difference between the eu and the roman empire are constructive because what you have now is an attempt to create this unity and this whole with a wagon and some and political union and now i was talking about creating a uropean president and that kind of thing but what it lacks is that single charismatic sense of identity and allegiance that the roman empire has. everybody knew the emperor and everyone important around the roman empire had to swear loyalty to the emperor nd in some cases worship the emperor. then the only real comparative to roman empire today in terms of that pungent
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sense of identity, e pluribus unum, you know where i'm going ith this this -- >i have an idea. >>is the united states. it akes people from around the world and makes them american. it has this extraordinary global brand which everyone aspires and with he best in the world the eu is not like that. the eu is composed of different proud countries that have their own traditions and own sense of dentity and there is growing a kind of european identity but ind of european identity but nothing by comparison with the strength of national feeling in the european conflict so the erosion of democracy in the eu s worrying. you are saying dr seeing some bad effects.
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>>give us advice here. we are american in your are an admirer and i know you love this country but what do you see an identity politics in america today their minds you little bit too much of the subnational identities that made the eu project if possible to achieve its own claims due to its own internal contradicts. what are the warning signs you see in america today? >>it be impertinent of me to omment on american policy. all i will say is i think that there is -- i went to school here and i'm a member -- you have a pledge allegiance to the fight. everyone just think the start banner. it's a fantastically unifying culture. applaud that and i admire
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that. as for the identity politics that's a problem everywhere we need to be unified. > that. as for the identityi appr you need and admire that and i pray we never lose it. >>i have not. i see no reason why you should. back to brexit. your strong >>views obviously well known strong views on brexit and a lot of your fellow citizens in the uk disagree with you on this. you are a national leader and people look to you for leadership going forward in your country and who knows what the future might bring but what are your plans for bringing america back as a people across the terrible pitcher that is on rexit. as i say i think america is in >>good shape. on a comment on it but were to recover my american passport i might take a lowell. that will not happen. but in the uk will be need to
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do is get on and deliver the great brexit. i am a views about how that should be done nd i think it's possible to do that and a vision was sketched out to the lancaster house in january of last year and a big free trade deal and we need to get that done. we need to bring people together and i think people will want to come together and blessing possible to unify country would be if we could beat in the french in the world cup. that would have been -- that was my plan. but we are back to the drawing oard there. we became second in the olympics, by the way. to you. but it wasn't bad.
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>> youwere modest in your advice to the united states but i want to talk about the united states interview a little more. let's talk about the special relationship with the uk. we talked about a lot and it's an important and inspires us in important to you andunited kingdom, as well. tell me what does the special relationship mean interview and where is it and what are the perils we face today? >> i ban the phrase special relationship in the foreign office. it sounds needy. i'm not sure it's uch used in washington. it's a phrase that was coined by churchill and is part of -- it's part of us trying to be more special -- the asymmetry as in so many romantic relationships and that's why i
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reject that. but it matters hugely and we, two countries, represent values that are of fantastic important to our orld. freedom, democracy, rule of law, the stuff really atters. those values are not uncontested right now. they are uncontested right now. they are not necessarily prevailing in the way we thought they were going to. we need to work harder together and that's why -- the uk and us working together with our friends in parliament is more vital than ever before. these are two countries that are united by economics and a million people go to work in the uk and u.s. in companies.
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is an extraordinary thing. i told you watch the great british bake-off, is that right? that is most enthusiastic response i've had all evening. i don't even watch the great british bake-off myself, i'm ashamed to say. there's huge cultural -- all the journalist in new york seem to be britain, what is going on? that's an exaggeration but there are brits everywhere ere. >> we can't say special relationshipanymore but i'm trying to think -- i became friends with benefits. that means something different here. i'm sorry to benefits -- you'd be influential in finding ways to reform benefits.
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>>what you believe given the fact there's a relationship special policy priorities we should be pursuing together? this is there's a relationship special between the uk and united states what are the top foreign something he thought a lot -- i did. we work hand in glove >>across the globe and across the omething he thought a lot -- world. get back to my main point i think free trade and i worry about the closing and of ur approach at the moment. global trade is what is going and we like the way it should be and not had a big tree deal in 1994 and i covered myself as journalist. we need to be doing that together and we world. get back to my main should be doing better in the middle east. we should be
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working harder. syria got to be honest, syria was a policy and i don't want to get on a articular rabbit hole. one thing we should do and the biggest insight i had his oreign secretary is that the main problems of the world could be addressed if we sold female under education from the went to sub-saharan africa or when to southern asia was trying to find countries where female literacy was 50 or 80% in parts of africa. in pakistan
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you had twice as many male kids in secondary schools as females. how can that produce a healthy balance approach to life? you look at radicalization of poverty and all the scourges that we face that all associated with that band of countries where women are not tweeted equally and women and girls are not needed equally. one thing and do you ave a swiss army knife and you know what i mean? can do anything. female education, 12 main problems of the world years of quality education for every girl in the world would help fix most of the problems in the world. we should do that. i really do. >>you have very strong views of the future of the country as is appropriate and people follow what you think and people admire your leadership here and in your own country. obviously the role in the leadership could change a lot in the coming months and years. he must have given the thought and i'm sure you have. tommy the two things you must like to see
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your government do in the oming years. >>social mobility. social mobility. you think back to the great achievements of the thatcher era era, i spoke earlier and was about helping people to seize control of their own destiny whether burning shares which they had not thought of doing before or buying their own homes. fantastically important. since that big change in the 1980s social mobility is frozen again and we need to recover that and recover that momentum. that is a big one. of the 24 not in my constituency constituency. >>number one for you, top agenda item is social mobility.
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>>no question. one reason brexit took place or people voted to leave was because they thought they were not getting a fair -- people were stuck in and sheila dobbs not progressing. we're not focusing on those issues for helping people enough. we discussed this earlier and not be made to feel needed enough. it's a serious problem and perhaps it affects the country o. >>before we finish by one question that i've always wanted to ask you in your public life were in the news a lot and sometimes you see controversy and you're not afraid to take on the hottest issues of the day. tommy the biggest mistake you made your public career and what you learn from it?
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>>there -- my strategy is to litter career with so many decoy mistakes that they never now which one to attack in the course of the last two minutes of probably said something but he british media will decide it's absolutely outrageous. i don't know what it is but they it's absolutely outrageous. i don't know what it is but they will find something, believe me. the thing is to keep saying them. i was proud of a lot of stuff i did in london. people attack me for the superhighways which are these beautiful lanes for the bicycles which unfortunately block the taxis and they get very cross but i've defended we save lives of cyclist and the beatable thing to do. totally passionate cyclist but seriously --
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by the way, bicycles in london called boris bikes for a reason. it's true. there are no boris taxis. >>but there are electric vehicles. london is going great. it was -- the new guy, nevermind. i did make -- i'll give you one mistake. it relates to the news today. how are we doing? will wrap up on this point. when i became foreign secretary i decided or i thought there was no objective reason why we should be quite so hostile to russia. okay? i thought -- yes, there were reasons to be suspicious and lots of reasons to be weary and lots of reasons to be cautious but i thought it was possible and i made the classic, classic mistake of thinking it was possible to
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have a reset with russia. i wanted to engage with vladimir see n and lab rove, and to if we could talk about things -- areas where we had where we needed to engage and do things together. tackling terrorism and so on. then it just became clearer and clearer to me that was a fool's errand. finally, on march 4th of hisyear we had this outrageous event in salisbury where two agents of the russian gr you were involved in the murder of don sturgis and the attempted event in salisbury where two murder of others. you see what
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is happening now with the two characters produced in this satirical way by vladimir putin n russian tv. ... i think it's bsolutely appalling. i say now for a government who wants to be taken seriously, we really have to treat them with -- i hold that regime in absolute contempt. i think it's absolutely appalling. i think, y now, i think you know, the two guys who are on russian tv. they are murderers and if they dispute that fact, they can sue me in he court room.
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>>you said the biggest mistake you'd made in your public career is having trusted the russian. it wasn't that i trusted them. i believed i was sufficiently overconfident to think that i could engage and actually make a difference. they just haven't hanged. but i'll say one thing -- allow myself to use that phrase. what was so fantastic was after salisbury, 28 countries around the world came together and there's more to come by the way and expelled the biggest number of russian spies collectively we've ever seen. i just want to pay ribute to the united states.
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a i'm not sure how universally popular it wasin the decision at every level a i'm not of government. but by time you came through with the goods. we are thankful for the solidarity you show. thank you very much. we are at the end of our time, oris. on behalf of our colleagues and friends and personally i want to express my admiration for a lot of things you've done, but in particular the public attitudeof optimism towards all the people who need more mobility, attitudeof optimism towards all the people who need more mobility, all the people who are the periphery who might suffer from despair and can hear the words of leaders and and an opportunity in society kidman
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should be able to every person in your country and indeed that is the inspiration behind her and to shame. an opportunity to society should be open for everyone. for that mission on behalf of all of us, please join me in thanking boris johnson. >> thank you. thank you very much. thank you, everybody. thank you. [applause]
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by the end of the day, the americans reached not only the main objectives for that day but many of the objectives for the following day. so by mid morning of september 3, the whole contrary had been liberateded.
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>> speaker paul ryan answered questions about president trump's tweets on puerto rico and the catholic church's sexual abuse crisis. this is half an hour. >> good morning, everyone. we are continuing to monitor hurricane florence and urge everyone to take the necessary

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