tv Cities Tour - Palo Alto California CSPAN May 24, 2019 7:04pm-8:03pm EDT
rally in montpelier, vermont where he spoke with voters and supporters saturday, beginning -- he will speak with voters and supporters 2:00 eastern on sunday. and rolling thunder holds the ride for freedom from the pentagon to the lincoln memorial. following that a rally with remarks by veterans affairs secretary robert wilkie. this begins new and eastern on c-span. eastern on c-span. announcer 2: all week in primetime starting memorial day we have coverage of commencement ceremonies at colleges and universities across the country. featured speakers include maryland representative elijah cummings, acting defense secretary patrick shanahan, former georgia house minority leader stacey abrams, president donald trump and supreme court associate justice sonja sotomayor. this starts memorial day 8:00 eastern on c-span. watch online anytime at
c-span.org and listen on the freak radio app. up next and "american history tv" exclusive. we visit palo alto california to learn about its unique history and literary life area for eight years we have traveled to u.s. cities ringing the literary scene and historic sites to viewers. you can watch more at c-span.org/citiestour. the sanford stock 1876.e published in you could spend your whole time never get outd here. this is why he purchased the land. he could live in san francisco, needed a place to raise worse is , so he bought this property in 1876. he also bought one of the
world's most famous horses, election-year. -- electioneer. he was the secretariat of his day. he also had trotting horses. world's mosthe debated with anot edward who was a photographer, whether or not schroders -- trotters, all their legs got off the ground at the same time. he set up a series of cameras that took pictures of the tr otter as the horse ran along. they found all four legs off the ground at the time here they were assembled into the first motion picture shown in the stanford house of the trotter. motion pictures were developed here on the stanford palo alto stock farm. today it is still in use. the people rent out stables. there is riding rinks. it is an area that has been saved from the development of the campus that is going to
gangusbusters.ng large barnwith the and other buildings. before the university was started, and i should say if it not been for the death of his son the university never would have been started. junior would have grown up. he was born late in life, the only child, wound up owning this property but his death in 1884 after a visit to asia minor in europe caused leland and his wife to dedicate their property and fortune to the education of , now thea's children education of students from all over. announcer 1: leland stanford was elected governor of california in 1862 and with serving the
united states senate from 1885 -- 1890s death in 1883 three. he made his fortune in the gold rush and was instrumental in building the first transcontinental railroad. we visited stanford university to see items belonging to him and his wife jane. few items relating to the history of stanford university starting with its founder leland james stanford. stanford.and jane we have several papers during his career as a student, as a lawyer and eventually kind of as a businessman. this early letter from 1844 he is writing to his dad, talks about several subjects including girls. after that he would go on to study law and apprentice in wisconsin. in 1850 we have this certificate for him to practice law in the state of wisconsin. were it not for a major fire to
his library and home at the time, he may not have gone on to become a successful entrepreneur and railroad planner and founder of a university. were it not for this fire, who knows what may have happened. after the fire he decides to move to california with his brothers to start a company to sell mining equipment. it is wildly successful and they invest those funds to create their own enterprise in terms of creating the railroad which wouldally in 1869 complete the transcontinental railroad. boughtthat time, they property in palo alto and created a stock farm. we have a huge collection of stock farm records including journals, racing figures, horse breeding statistics, you name it , so we have these letters -- ledgers documenting the horses. it was a huge operation to sell
and breed horses. leland commissioned edward moore bridge to do motion studies on the farm. the story goes there is a famous bet to prove whether or not all ofs comehe horse's ho off the ground during trots. so he hires edward to create a test. you can see in these early's photographs that early photographs done by edward to successfully capture the course of a horse's dropped, you can they dorot, you can see come off the ground. these were done by edward in 1878. it took him seven years to perfect his studies and equipment to produce the results you see here. i mentioned in this was a stock form so they raise a lot of cattle, also raised and bred horses.
they sold them throughout the world. these were a number of trophies awarded during those years of operation. stanford died. as was common, a death mask was commissioned. ofs was very common, a sign status and wealth. we have death masks for leland, jane and leland junior. he died traveling in europe with his parents in 1884. so his parents, overcome with emotion, sought out a way to properly memorialize their son. he was an avid letter of museum objects and traveler. the initial idea was to create something in san francisco to honor him. in 1885, leland and jane executed the founding grant of the university.
this was the original founding of the copy grant, with the original engravings in calligraphy. this one is done by carl eisen schmidt 30's and see the -- schmidt. you can see the detail of the founding photo of the university laid out. are planning it to be coeducational, nondenominational and the practical arts and sciences. vellum special copy on was executed in 1885 november. done,rnate, beautifully very unique item. in 1887 the founders laid the cornerstone for the university. we have presentation from that event as well as events for
cornerstone for future buildings including the museum, the library and for memorial church. the university opened october 1. after the first year 500 students attended. the first year in 1892 there was a graduation, so there was some transfer of graduate students, but the first stanford class graduated 1895. herbert hoover was one of the members. herne his wife lou henry -- lou henry her over work -- hoover were in that. we have some of that at the hoover institute documenting their life and service. in our is very alive collection. teaching, learning and research. >> palo alto is spanish for tall
tree. follow -- palo is a stick. alto is tall. base of the tall redwood trees. the was the site where --nish explorers camped in 200 years ago this year, a big deal for the state of california. he camped here and a few years later, a bunch of soldiers and colonists passed through on their way to san francisco to establish missions. they noted this site has a tall redwood and the deep creek. of the the south side creek which is santa clara
county. the other side in san mateo county. at the time when el palo alto was camped by, it was the only redwood around. the redwoods grow further to the south in the foothills where there is more moisture. palo alto grew from one of these seats. -- seeds. at the time it was the only tree, it was a twin trunk. from one distance it looked like .ne tree, called el palo alto this is a plaque that reads under this giant redwood, the acrossto, they erected to mark this site of a proposed mission which was built at santa clara, the celebrated [indiscernible] 1776 contained the drawing of the double troy -- doubletree making the palo alto the first
living landmark. this area of palo alto is called stanfordville because professors who came here in the 1890's who did not want to buy on stanford campus where they could own their house but not newlynd bought in the formed town of palo alto. this garage is where hewlett-packard did their experiments in 1938. it is the birthplace of silicon valley. if palo alto is the bethlehem, this is the manger. this is a california state historical landmark. this garage is the birthplace of the world's first high technological reach in silicon valley. with a stanford university professor who encouraged students to start
their own electronics companies in the area instead of enjoying established firms in the east. the first two to follow his advice were william hewlett and david packard who began with an audio oscillator in this garage. >> silicon valley archives started in the mid-1980's. the name silicon valley was from the 1970's. around that time it was beginning to be a parent something unusual was going on. it was clear this was a unique phenomenon around here, this concentration of industries and work and technology and science, all of these things we think of today when we think of silicon valley. nothing had been done to document the history of this region. what we had at stanford was a set of archival collections from
stanford of people involved in the early development of silicon valley. i think of people like fred called the father of silicon valley, dean of the school of engineering and so on whose students were hewlett and packard who founded hp. and told from the stanford perspective it seems like a good idea to broaden that out into what was going on outside of stanford. the original name was the stanford and silicon valley project. that is what we started as. about beginning i wrote 100 letters to 100 people in the of industry,ins engineers, different sorts of people. i got one response. that was from a man named douglas engelbert, the inventor of the computer mouse. that turned into the first collection of the silicon valley archives.
we received in 1986. we were off to the races at that point. it is a significant collection and let to other things. to other things. this was a company that was close in the region. this was essentially the first audio recording device produced in 1948 called the model 200a. technologyed on developed in germany. after the war was over, originally from germany were sort of usurped and brought over here. that became the basis for recording technology for [indiscernible] inch had done different work the war. they were looking for other areas to go in to now all of the kinds of things they had been producing during the war wouldn't be needed. this seemed this area of
consumer electronics, entertainment, that sort of thing seemed promising. this device was used in a variety of ways. one of the most important uses bing crg crosby -- osby's radio broadcast. he liked this so much he became one of the first investors in technology in this region. bing crosby enterprises which was involved with projects that led to the development of video recording. that is another device from the ampex collections. you are looking at basically a 1955, 1956, and it gives you an idea how much miniaturize asian has occurred -- miniter -- miniaturization
has occurred since then. started recording video. different technology from film, al alternative to that. at the same time ampex started a project. racing to teams develop this. if you look at it you will see among other things two-inch tape. things are much larger as they are developing this. -- this was aas prototype still. even though it was a production cvs --, it was sold to cbs in los angeles and used for the broadcast of news. usee were quickly put into mostly around television news, other kinds of television broadcast. one significant area this video
technology moved in to and changed the way we view things in sports. was a very well known producer for sports broadcasting and abc -- at abc, known for the wide world of sports, worked with ampex and others worked with ampex where other video technologies like slow-motion, stop motion, they were developed at ampex. that is the beginning of the track of video technology. silicon valley needs entertainment, silicon valley needs television technology all of those things beginning in the 1950's. the reason it is exhibited here is because it is kind of a time machine for the students and others who come here. seeing the dimensions of the machine, comparing it to the
technologies we are more familiar with, vcr much smaller, phones now, doing audio recording, that is people of invention and innovation, and that sparks interest into going into the documents, may be questions about how they were used, seeing if we have documents describing that and articles in magazines. it is important to show this to students to spark the interest in doing research. >> when world war ii ended and the soldiers and sailors returned from the pacific and arrived in california, they were enthralled with the weather and what this place was like.
this was a time in the 50's when palo alto was starting to grow. more thane population doubled during that decade, things like the stanford industrial park, shopping center and the growth of stanford university all drew people to this area. tech people, teachers and so forth. many of them were attracted by the designs joseph was building. joseph came at the end of world to go intodecided business developing homes. -- was anan who hired admirer of frank lloyd wright and wanted to build in the style of him and build eventually over 10,000 homes in california altoding 2700 here in palo
. this is one of those tracks. tose homes were developed the lifestyle of what california thought it would be like following world war ii, open style, glass, plenty of glass, the backyards you can't see from havetreet, the backyards glass that open out into the garden, so the transition between inside and outside is minimized. or a tough time in the united states for minorities -- were a tough time for minorities in the united states. we experience of his problems. housing, quite often developers shunal estate agents would our diver the attention of minority buyers away from their homes. joseph eichler refused to play this game, and he was going to
sell his homes to anybody who had the appropriate funds. a lot of the young employees at hewlett-packard and other companies in the stanford industrial park who were minority, whether asian or black, had the resources and he was happy to sell his homes to them. the residents might complain minoritiesinflux of and could claim their property values would go down. his line was if your property goes down, i will buy it back from you. he never had to make good on his promise because the property values continued to rise. there is often a misconception he was one of the great architects of midcentury america. he was not an architect. he was a developer. architectsre young who admired frank lloyd wright's
style of building, and he had a team of them. it wasn't one or two but a whole group of people over 20 plus years he was building houses he hired. they all were admirers of frank lloyd wright as was joseph eichler himself. california began its growth post-world war ii, 1950's. there were subdivisions of all types of houses, some people build the houses they had been building prior to the war, but then the midcentury modern inses, whether it was clear the bay area, southern california had a lot of them, palm springs, the whole town was on was rebuilt in the 1950's and early 1960's area fortunately for preservationists, those houses didn't change or the buildings were not torn down because the town sort of became economically stagnant. they weren't replaced. this was a style developed in
the 50's -- 1950's and 1960's and developed legs. it is still very popular especially with the younger homeowners in these houses. they are to feel -- they appeal to the younger people more than the grandparents. >> we are on parry avenue. it is an unincorporated area surrounded by menlo park. this was known as perry lane. this was one of a few houses, maybe the last one left on perry lane, an enclave of stanford -- graduate students including one 1958.me in he found he could make $75 going to the menlo park v.a. and
becoming part of a drug test .eing conducted by the cia he used the money, the tests .ere for -- lsd he was a night orderly and used it to have parties in his living room. parties thatthe were in the liver -- they spread all over the world. this is part of the story of palo alto, one of the things alto -- we call it ticket to rock. it is the story we are telling because it has this place in the history of rock, beginning with the kingston trio.
grace who had gone to high school in palo alto, she brought her own version of it in her song white rabbit. ♪ palo alto was the leading wave of this whole psychedelic music cultural exchange, acceptance of palo alto. it was a key factor in the whole part of our history. jerry garcia lived a few blocks away, under 21. he would come down with friends and they would crash parties. they got to know each other and band for guy wanted a his acid test, he hired garcia's band which had been named the grateful dead, which they came
to keep for the next 30 years until garcia died in 1995. the grateful dead, really their origin was on this cottage here with jerry garcia sitting on ken kesey's living room partaking of the parties going on. paloe in an alleyway in alto. there is a ramona street district next door. there is a new city hall. it is 30 years old. there is a spanish colonial in 1963 that was made when jerry garcia was working at a music store on brian street. coming in to see him for music lessons. they didn't show. he came up, came out back and started playing area bob where and 8 -- playing. bob weir and a friend were
walking on hamilton street, they came back, bob sat next to jerry, picked up a guitar, started playing and he became an integral member of the grateful dead. they stayed friends ever since. this is a hotel in palo alto where the beatles stayed, the top floor, where they stayed on their concert in 1965 in yuba city. the currentinjected rock and roll into palo alto, sleepy old palo alto, never seen anything like the beatles. were top ofbeatles the world and palo alto was sleepy and quiet. so the hometown went crazy for the beatles, the parking lot was
full of people just wanting to be here. this is what was happening. this is an era part of american history that has stayed with us. it is a time that has gone by. it is an important part for people in their 60's and 70's. they remember it well. we are in the hoover tower on stanford campus which was dedicated by herbert hoover in 1941. was ins it -- hoover front of the tower giving his speech. that was the 50th anniversary of the founding of stanford. of stanford, part of the first class, got a degree immensely and became successful as a mining engineer
in many parts of the world, became a millionaire at at the age of 40 and 1914 was in london where he and his wife had their headquarters. people contacted him to help get americans stranded on the content and in england back to the united states. as he was doing this he realized withs a catastrophic war people starving in belgium and northern france, so he stepped in immediately. lou henry hoover was instrumental in helping as well. he saved with his commission for relief in belgium millions of people during the war and millions more after the war in 20 countries. a lovely quote. this structure is dedicated to the youth and preservation of the collection of books and manuscripts on war, revolution
and peace. peace was very important of course the herbert hoover. he also had -- came from a quicker background. background and his motto was to study war in order to avoid war. to promote peace you had to understand the consequences and the origins of war. there is another wonderful quote from his speech in 1941 here. over the elevator that goes to the top of the tower, the purpose of this institution is to promote peace. its record stands as a challenge to those who promote war. they should attract those who search for peace. i therefore dedicate this building to these purposes. so we are about to enter herbert
hoover's office in which he spent quite a lot of time. we actually have a photo here of herbert hoover at his desk which would have been right here at an angle with his great view of the campus. so he died in 1964, and his wife died 20 years earlier. here in a lot of time his office on campus splitting his time between teleport you and new york where he lived -- california and new york where he lived. he was involved with the operations of his library and archive. here, on top of everything else, these are the books he either wrote or
cowrote. i don't know when he slept because he was so prolific. this is a wonderful translation did ofd he and his wife genealogy, mineralogy, trees, written in latin in 1956. his real name was george bauer, but that didn't sound scholarly. they together worked on this project. it is fantastic work. she did much of the translation and he worked on the plates, but it was an incredible scholarly collaboration. they did so much together. they were quite a pair. this is a beautiful example. herean see from the photo the campus is behind here so you can see his desk was right here. it is exciting to be in the same spot where he was.
alum,nk he was the first part of the first class on campus, the university gave so much to him and he gave so much back. this room was refurbished in 1990, so the furniture here is new. this is the desk he had as secretary of commerce and we have two chairs here. one was his chair as secretary of commerce and the other was his cabinet chair. meetings the cabinet had would have had a chair for each secretary and he would have had his. one of the chairs still has a plaque here. secretary of commerce march 25 to august 28. this is the foyer to his office.
this is an interesting historic artifact. herbert hoover was incredibly well-known and admired after world war i his fame was universal really because he had as we mentioned saved millions of people through his relief operations. both parties wanted him. he was called the master of efficiency. he was incredible in so many ways that it is very understandable that people would have wanted to have him join their party. he goes with the republican party. this is the banner for the convention as we can see, kansas city, missouri 1928. this is the fabulous view we have from the top of the tower. the center of the campus, it looks very much like it did when
it was built in 1891. is related story, it to this amazing carillon. the story is this. york39, 1940 at the new world's fair, you had this curl on in the -- caroline in the belgian pavilion. it was being built in 1941. originally herbert hoover meant for the reading room to be here at the top of the tower. but with the beginning of world war ii in europe, there was no way the carillon could be sent back to belgium. herbert hoover and many others who raise funds and acquired this caroline, he sent a telegram to his architect saying change of plans. the reading room will stay
downstairs and we will have this wonderful carillon at the top. the architect didn't bat an eye, didn't change the plants. -- just change the plans. so with another earthquake there was some damage and it was in need of refurbishing. the bills were sent back to europe and came back with an extra octave. on top of that when they were thistated, they built enclosures with a professor of music on campus, when he played, he is not deafened by the sound and doesn't have to have earplugs and can play in this enclosure. in order to study history you have to have records. you have to have the original documents, the primary sources. they have to be collected and preserved and made available to the public, public at large and
the historians, journalists, researchers. we need to understand what happened in order to plan for the future and herbert hoover saw that. that was his vision and we haven't stopped collecting since. we are so proud of being able to preserve this history of the 20th, the 21st century. here are the records of 30 years of service of the american people in battle with famine and pestilence during and after all of these wars. here are the records of dictators, despots and great statesman. here are the records of what might have been, and might have brought peace to the world. and here are the records of the highest idealism and sex -- self-sacrifice for the principles, some of which failed.
here are the records of the suffering of men, their heroic deeds and the supreme sacrifices. is purpose of this library to promote peace and freedom among men. 100 years ago herbert hoover was in paris as a delegate to the peace talks and he cabled stanford by telegram offering $50,000 which was almost $1 million saying the university should collect material on war. been a humanitarian who organize food relief to belgium during world war i through something called the commission for relief of belgium and followed that with the american fedef administration which millions of europeans during world war i and after world war i, some of the first records to come from those nongovernment organizations on food relief and collections around the war in europe. that is the genesis of this institution.
we are still continuing mr. hoover's vision of pointing the road to peace, prosperity, human freedom and the safeguards of the american system. announcer 1: the hoover institution and archives houses one million volumes and 6000 collections on war, peace and other policy related topics from both the 20th and 21st centuries. their exports chose -- experts chose a cross-section of artifacts to show us. >> here we have two items from our world war ii collections. this book which means the guest of no arrest manual prepared for the invasion of england. they listed the names of 2000 people they wanted to arrest, their addresses and what they did with the exception of jews who were just listed as jew. you can see sigmund freud was listed as someone to be arrested even though at the time was published, he was already dead. they had a systematic plan for
arresting people who they thought were political enemies. here this is an x-ray of hi .ler's skull after the war the americans win through to collect material and understand how this regime was operated and what kind of person this monster was. with the records in the x-rays of his school. kull these were done by nazi doctors after the assassination attempt in which a bomb was placed under eight table. the bomb was on the wrong side of a table. it didn't kill hitler, but he complained of bringing in his ears for a long time zone is doctors x-ray him to see if there had been cranial damage. he was believe it or not a vegetarian who ate an amount of
cake. out,eeth are rotted generally not in great health. have a few items from our russian and soviet collections. secret police force looking for communists especially in europe. the paris office of this produced a book which they -- agents could carry around in their pocket and look for various communists and revolutionaries in cafes and know where they were and track them. this is interesting because it stayed in paris after the fall for manyrs -- tsars years. the ambassador packed it up and shipped it to hoover and said keep it until i die. when he died in the 1950's we open the collection and it was of great interest because it showed how a secret police force work in the 20th century and the
activities that police force affected the way that kgb was organized. ita study around the world, is one of the most interesting collections. >> this shows radio free europe's target countries, bulgaria, hungary, czechoslovakia and poland, a total of 80 million people who lost their freedom after world war ii. i and my colleagues are exiled from communism. there are 500 exiles working for our agency, announcers, researchers. might job is news casting. even the news in my native-language, polish. >> [speaking foreign language] >> our largest collection by volume is the radio free europe radio liberty records and broadcasts here at hoover. were free europe
broadcasts intended to influence the soviets and soviet bloc towards western ideas and culture. thousands ofon has broadcasts in dozens of different languages. so very large and rich collection. haveso has a lot, we corporate records of radio free europe which has a wonderful example of cold war rhetoric and propaganda as you can see from the truth dollar campaign that is represented in these images. the same all over the world. they do have a deep appreciation for how music in europe and in the united states i think. in -- i had to
invite them backstage. it wasn't [indiscernible] like playing in stadiums. >> another interesting thing about radium -- radio free europe is it featured jazz, lots of jazz editions. there were tons of talented jazz that were broadcast through radio free europe. jazz was seen as modern and cutting edge and revolutionary really. it is wonderful to come across these recordings as jazz artists in various stages of their career. radio free europe and radio liberty no longer exist in their cold war iteration but they have changed into voice of america which still sends broadcast out to other nations. ♪ >> the courts have relied almost
exclusively on the 14th amendment for authority in this entire field and it specifies congress shall pass appropriate legislation to enforce its provisions. how to use a lawyer to take it on yourself to revise the constitution [indiscernible] >> you are talking about section five of the 14th amendment which has had a very lucky history as exactly what was intended. if you go back and read the discussions -- >> [indiscernible] >> i am not implying that. it is a rhetorical way of practicing my answer and buying more time while i find out what i want to say. one of the most frequently used audiovisual questions here at hoover is a collection of television show "firing line,"
which was a television public affairs show hosted by william buckley junior who was known to be witty and using a large vocabulary when talking with his guests. his guest list for this show is really a who's who of the latter end of the 20th century. he hosted everyone from ronald reagan to the dalai lama to jack kerouac and margaret thatcher. there are 1505 episodes of the show. the process of digitizing all of these shows and making them available online tothat people can enjoy them watch and enjoy but also to use for scholarship. at a rareare looking photograph album from world war ii. williames from our phillips collection.
he was a very interesting man who did a lot of work or the office of strategic services during world war ii and then worked with prosecutors at the trials in nuremberg. his job was to do profiles of is.h-ranking naz this album from his collection is actually the personal photograph album of a man who was hitler's foreign minister. the pictures show him signing pact, and also in the pictures you will find stalin. stalin looks very happy in this picture because he knows he will acquire half of poland as we know from this pact. so manyry rare to see in one place because he was superstitious about having his picture taken because he had been hundred -- he had been hunted before the bolsheviks
came to power. here we have wonderful collections that reflect the history of the cold war. this is a very interesting item from that. this document the life and exports of that exploits of marion miller who was a los angeles housewife recruited by communist infiltrate party activities in los angeles. she was very successful. her husband happened to be a poster designer, commercial artist, so he put together a followul scrapbooks that all of the media coverage that she when she revealed that had been a spy. it includes everything from clippings to photographs of her to a letter from jeter -- j edgar hoover thanking her for her activities. an interesting fact about her is her story was turned into a film
that starts ronald reagan. >> the institution has one of the most renowned poster collections on the 20th century with 153,000 items in it ranging from liberation movements, solidarity, recruitment and i want to draw your attention to this one. to joinraged irishmen the armed services to avenge the lusitania. this is one item hoover almost came to own, the shipwreck is owned by a graduate of stanford who wants to hoover archives to have it. it is 300 feet off of the coast of ireland. we haven't been able to accept it for various reasons. it is an amazing story about the sinking of the ship and we have a piece of one of the lifeboats that washed up on shore on the irish coast for days after it
was sunk with the body of civilian victims on the ship. someone from ireland brought it to hoover and donated it to us. someday we hope to have the record of the lusitania which will stay in thy mercy as part of our collections. sea as part of our collections. on this site we have photographs of mao zedong, one of the most interesting connections -- collections on early communist china coming from journalists who traveled to china in the 1930's and traveled with mao. this comes from a woman named wells and or foster stowe. she took these pictures with him and interviewed him. most people don't see a young mao zedong that these are original pictures she took and donated to hoover. is a quite interesting
item. this is the personal diary of general joe stowell who worked in burma and in china on the burma road and worked with chang kai-shek. his diaries are also very popular here. he indicates day by day the interactions with chang kai-shek and the fraught relationship they had. they didn't like each other. he refers to him as peanut and chang kai-shek says other things about general stillwell. when you have is an interesting ability to look at both diaries at the same time and see how they spoke about each other, what they were trying to do and what their motives were. this is one of my favorite documents in the archives. this is from raymond mulley. he was a renowned speechwriter for fdr. he was part of frank delano roosevelt's brain trust. if you look at this document
closely, you can see that it is actually the first draft of the speech in which he coins the term the new deal. it is a bit ironic that this document ended up in the collection of herbert hoover. fdr and herbert hoover were medical -- they weren't allies. landslide beata herbert hoover and his reelection campaign. how does this get here? actually once the new deal went into play, raymond boley changed he mind mind about it so resigned with fdr and became friends with herbert hoover. ironicallyhe would donate his collection to the herbert hoover collection and archives. he decided he would annotate it as well. when you see the new deal he has written crap and signed and
dated it. nonetheless it is a valuable historical document. the archives here have a wealth of material about the history of nuclear energy. on the documents related to that is this, which is the original strike order for the bombing at hiroshima. on woodan see, this is for paper. you can see these staple marks in the top corners of this. it was hanging in the mess hall on the morning of the attack. this is how the pilots knew today was the day the attack would be taken, carried out. they didn't want everyone to know, so the bomb run is listed as special. but this document comes from the collection of a dock -- gentleman named agnew. he was a physicist who had
worked on the manhattan project and was instrumental in planning this attack in japan. he was also very diligent about keeping the evidence of this event because he knew how important it was going to be. he insisted for example cameras be placed on the planes which is why we have the footage of the attack which is held in the archives here at hoover. you can see a picture of the plane and also his dog tags. one thing that makes this library special is we provide open access to all. therefore we have students, professors, historians, journalists, filmmakers everyone use these materials to promote a better understanding of history. announcer 1: our visit to palo alto, california is in "american
history tv" exclusive and we showed it to you to introduce you to our cities tour. we have traveled u.s. cities, bringing the literary scene and historic sites to our viewers. you can view more at c-span.org /citiestour. >> tonight on c-span, the house failing to pass a disaster relief built. president trump talked briefly with reporters, then house andy pelosi, and british prime minister theresa may announcing her resignation. -- on thursday, the senate passed a disaster relief bill that has the endorsement of president trump. talking about why he is seeking a rollcall vote on the bill. why does the gentlewoman from
california seek? recognition? >> mr. speaker, i ask about to the bill hr 20 17 and concur with the senate amendment. >> for what purpose does the gentleman from texas seek recognition? >> reserving the right to object -- >> the gentleman is recognized. primarily today because if i do not object, congress will have passed into spent $19 that billion of taxpayer money without members of congress being resident in our nations capital here to vote on it. second law that secondly, it does nothing to address a clear national emergency and community in crisis we face on our southern border. there is no reason it should not have included the quite modest four point $4 billion that the director of the only decent to capitol hill to ensure dhs and age-adjusted not run out of money, which they are slated to
do while managing the over crossingllegal aliens our border and the unaccompanied alien minor children being housed appropriately. finally, this is a $19 billion bill that is not paid for when per hour,king up debt and this is a bipartisan problem, to be honest, it it it it is a problem we should solving congress rather than ignore. our nation is passionate enough to have a smart and approach to help people with national disasters. we are now expected to let the swamp continue to mortgage the future of our children and grandchildren, making it less likely to have a stronger and better country with the government capable of responding to disasters such as these, and with that, i respectfully object. >> the objection is heard. >> democrats ask for unanimous