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tv   U.S. House of Representatives U.S. House of Representatives  CSPAN  July 17, 2019 5:59pm-8:00pm EDT

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the speaker pro tempore: on this vote, the yeas are 238, the nays are 190. the joint resolution is passed. pursuant to clause of rule 20 the unfinished business is the vote on passage -- which the yeas and nays are ordered. the clerk will report the title of the joint resolution. the clerk: senate joint resolution 37, providing for congressional disapproval of the proposed export of the united arab emirates, great britain and northern ireland for certain defense articles and services.
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the speaker pro tempore: the question is on passage of the joint resolution. members will record their votes by electronic device. this is a five-minute vote. [captioning made possible by the national captioning institute, inc., in cooperation with the united states house of representatives. any use of the closed-captioned coverage of the house proceedings for political or commercial purposes is expressly prohibited by the u.s. house of representatives.]
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the speaker pro tempore: on this vote, the yeas are 238, the nays are 190678 the joint resolution
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is passed. pursuant to clause of rule 20, the unfinished business is the vote on the passage of senate joint resolution 238 on which the yeas and nays are ordered. the clerk will report the title. the clerk: senate joint resolution 238, resolution providing for the closed export to saudi arabia of certain defense articles and items. the speaker pro tempore: the question is on passage of the joint resolution. members will record their votes by electronic device. this is a five-minute vote. [captioning made possible by the national captioning institute, inc., in cooperation with the united states house of representatives. any use of the closed-captioned coverage of the house proceedings for political or commercial purposes is expressly prohibited by the u.s. house of representatives.]
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the speaker pro tempore: the yeas are 237 and the nays are 190. the joint resolution is adopted. purn to clause 8 of rule 20, the unfinished business on which the yeas and nays are ordered. the clerk will report the title of the resolution. the clerk: house resolution 497 realming that william p. barr and wilbur r. ross junior in contempt of congress for refusal to comply with subpoenas dualy issued by the committee of oversight and reform. the speaker pro tempore: the question is on adoption of the resolution.
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members will record their votes by electronic device. this is a five-minute vote. [captioning made possible by the national captioning institute, inc., in cooperation with the united states house of representatives. any use of the closed-captioned coverage of the house proceedings for political or commercial purposes is expressly prohibited by the u.s. house of representatives.]
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the speaker pro tempore: on this vote, the yeas are 230, the nays are 19 , the resolution is adopted. without objection, the motion to reconsider is laid on the tail. pursuant to house resolution 491
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and rule 18, the chair declares the house is in the committee of the whole house on the staret of the union for further consideration of h.r. 3494, will the gentleman from new york, kindly take the chair. the chair: the house is in the committee of the whole house on the state of the union for further consideration of the bill h.r. 3494, which the clerk will report by title. the clerk: a bill to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2020 for intelligence and intelligence-related activities of the united states government, the community management account and central retirement and disability system and for other
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purposes. the chair: when the committee of the whole rose on july 16, 2019, amendment number 31, printed in art b of house report 116-154, offered by the gentleman from colorado, had been disposed of. pursuant to clause 6 of rule 18, proceedings will now resume on those amendments printhed in the house report 116-154, on which further proceedings were postponed in the following order. . amendment number 7, by mr. chabot of ohio, amendment 11 by mr. kennedy of massachusetts. the chair will reduce to two minutes the minimum time for any electronic vote in this series. the unfinished business is request for a recorded vote on amendment number 7 prisonned in house report 116-154 by the
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gentleman from ohio, mr. chabot, on which further proceedings were postponed and on which the noes prevailed by voice vote. the clerk will redesignate the amendment. the clerk: amendment number 7 printed in part b of house report 116. the chair: those in support of a recorded vote will rise and be counted. a a sufficient number having arisen, a recorded vote is ordered. members will record their votes by electronic device. this is a two-minute vote. [captioning made possible by the national captioning institute, inc., in cooperation with the united states house of representatives. any use of the closed-captioned coverage of the house proceedings for political or commercial purposes is expressly prohibited by the u.s. house of representatives.]
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the chair: on this vote, the yeas are 178, the nays are 255. he amendment is not adopted. the unfinished business is the request for a recorded vote on amendment number 11 printed in the report 116-154 by gentleman from massachusetts, mr. kennedy, on which further proceedings were postponed, and on which the ayes prevailed by -- revailed on voice vote. the clerk will deres. -- will redesignate the amendment. the clerk: amendment number 11 printed in part b of house report 116-154, offered by mr. kennedy of most. the chair: a recorded vote has been requested. those in support of the request for a recorded vote will rise and be counted.
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a sufficient number having risen, a recorded vote is ordered. members will record their votes by electronic device. this is a two-minute vote. a two-minute vote. [captioning made possible by the national captioning institute, inc., in cooperation with the united states house of representatives. any use of the closed-captioned coverage of the house proceedings for political or commercial purposes is expressly prohibited by the u.s. house of representatives.]
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the speaker pro tempore: on this vote, the yeas are 237, the nays are 196. the amendment is adopted. there being no further amendments, under the rule, the committee rises. the speaker pro tempore: pleasure. the chair: mr. speaker, the committee of the whole house on the state of the union having
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had under considering h.r. 3494 and pursuant to house resolution 491, i report the bill as ended back to the house with further amendmented adopted in the committee of the whole. the speaker pro tempore: the committee of the whole house on the state of the union reports that the committee has had under consideration the bill h.r. 3494 and pursuant to house resolution 491, reports the bail as amended by that resolution back to the house with sundry further amendments adopted in the committee of the whole. under the rule, the previous question is ordered. is a separate vote demanded on any amendment reported from the committee of the whole? if not, the chair will put then engross. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. the ayes have it. the amendments are agreed to. the question is on engrossment and third reading of the bill. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no.
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the ayes have it. third reading. the clerk: a bill to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2020 and intelligence and intelligence-related active toifs the united states government, the community management account, and the central intelligence agency retirement and disability system and for other purposes. the speaker pro tempore: the question is on passage of the bill. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. the ayes have it. the bill is passed. for what purpose does the gentleman from california -- >> i request the yeas and nays. the speaker pro tempore: the yeas and nays are requested. those favoring a vote by the yeas and nays will rise. a sufficient number having risen, the yeas and nays are ordered. members will record their votes by electronic device. pursuant to clause 9 of rule 20, this five-minute vote on passage of the bill will be followed by a five-minute vote on the motion to suspend the rules and pass h.r. 748. this is a five-minute vote. [captioning made possible by the national captioning institute, inc., in cooperation with the united states house of representatives. any use of the closed-captioned coverage of the house proceedings for political or
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commercial purposes is expressly prohibited by the u.s. house of representatives.]
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the speaker pro tempore: on this vote, the yeas are 397. the nays are 31. the bill is passed. without objection, the motion to reconsider is laid on the table. without objection, the title is
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amended. pursuant to clause 8 of rule 20, the unfinished business is the vote on the motion of the gentleman from massachusetts, mr. neal, to suspend the rules and pass h.r. 748. as amended. on which the yeas and nays are ordered. the clerk will report the title. the clerk: h.r. 748, a bill to amend the internal revenue code to repeal the excise tax on high-cost, employer-sponsored health coverage. the speaker pro tempore: the question is will the house suspend the rules and pass the bill as amended. members will record their votes by electronic device. this is a five-minute vote. [captioning made possible by the national captioning institute, inc., in cooperation with the united states house of representatives. any use of the closed-captioned coverage of the house proceedings for political or commercial purposes is expressly prohibited by the u.s. house of representatives.]
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the speaker pro tempore: the yeas are 419 and the nays are 6.
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the motion is adopted. 2/3 being in the affirmative, the rules are suspended and the bill is passed and without objection, the motion to reconsider is laid on the table. >> i ask unanimous consent that engrossment of the bill h.r. 349 , the clerk be authorized to make conforming changes to the bill. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. so ordered. >> i ask unanimous consent that the committee on judiciary be discharged from further consideration of h.r. 6972 the born alive survivors protection act. the speaker pro tempore: under the guidelines issued by successive speakers of the house rules and manual, the house is . nstrained not to recognize
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the gentleman is not recognized for debate. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from new jersey seek recognition? without objection, so ordered.
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the chair will now entertain requests for one-minute speeches. for what purpose does the gentleman from new jersey seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute and revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. mr. payne: mr. speaker, i rise to acknowledge takil green, the first african-american valedictorian of the university academy charter high school in jersey city, new jersey. mr. green's hard work over the past four years is an incredible feat. he achieved the high education level of academic success in his class. salutatorian ed a award from the jersey middle school. at university academy, mr. green challenged himself by taking a.p. classes every year. each summer, mr. green worked
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for the jersey city department of recreation. even with this rigorous schedule, mr. green had only 10 absences in four years. he continues to pursue these challenges as he prepared for college. he will study international business and prelaw at seton hall university. i congratulate him on his hard work and success. he has a very bright future ahead of him and we are proud of him in the 10th congressional district in the state of new jersey. with that, mr. speaker, i yield ack. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from florida seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. >> thank you, mr. speaker. i rise today in strong opposition to h.r. 582 which
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would more than double the federal minimum wage. numerous studies show that doubling the minimum wage to $15 an hour would be catastrophic for small businesses. the congressional budget office estimates that this bill would result in the loss of up to 3.7 million jobs. which is approximately the same number of people that live in the state of oklahoma. mr. spano: when i started my own business i went without a salary for a full year to invest in the business, pay for overhead and keep my employees paid. i could not have borne these expenses under a $15 minimum wage. i think of my schedulers, naomi hilton. as a teenager, i hired her in my small business to be receptionist in my office. within a year she was promoted to legal assistant, then paralegal and eventually she earned more than $$15 an hour. if not for a much lower minimum
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wage i would never have been able to start my business, hire nay oh nee, and -- naomi and pay her more than the minimum wage required in this bill. i support wages for all. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from rhode island seek recognition? without objection, the gentleman s recognized for one minute. mr. langevin: i'm a congressman in no small part due to the a.d.a. inclusivity is not abstract to me. diversity is not just a buzzword. this weekend, our nation confronted bigotry and discrimination, the vile opposites of these virtues.
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that we did so is not surprise, our country is not perfect, built as it is on the original sin of slavery. but the source of these racist remarks shocked all my colleagues as they came from the president's -- from he this president himself. the president's tweet attacking my fellow representatives is inexcusable. there's no possible context in which they'd be acceptable. they're a product of his world view that prizes division and conflict. i believe in compromise. i believe in trying to work together to better our country even when we disagree. but that spirit of tolerance cannot extend to the blatantly racist and xenophobic rhetoric. i vetted -- i voted yesterday to condemn the president's remark bus that should never have been necessary. our country is better than the example this president is setting and i hope we can heal after this dark chapter. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from washington seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to
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address the house for one minute. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. >> mr. speaker, sadly, i rise again today to speak about the epidemic of missing and murdered indigenous women. after 300 days of searching the body of rosinda strong was finally found on the yakima nation reservation in central washington. the life of this young mother of four was not lost but taken as are the lives of many other native american women across the nation. rosinda's case is one of 71 unsolved cases involving missing and murdered indigenous women in washington state. since she went missing last october, her loved ones have rallied to bring national attention to the alarming high number of murder and violence rate facing native american
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women across the country. children are left without mothers. parents are left without daughters. and communities are left questioning their safety and their future. this crisis can no longer be ignored. congress must act to deliver justice to victims like rosinda and so many others like her. thank you, mr. speaker, i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman from florida seek recognition? without objection, the gentlewoman is recognized for one minute. >> mr. speaker, oftentimes latinas in stem are used to become the only women in the room and often the only people of color. women make up only 24% of the stem work force and latinas only 2% of the entire stem work force. but the future is changing. i rise today to celebrate the accomplishments of laura and natalia coronado, twin cysters
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who graduated from florida international university with bachelor degrees in computer engineering. now they're starting careers work wrg intel. they are making south florida proud and setting an example for women and girls every where. breaking into a career field that is dominated by men is not easy. believe me, i know. it is up to all of us to create a society where women are encouraged to pursue careers in stem and that means promoting diversity and supporting equal opportunity. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from georgia seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute and revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. mr. carter: i rise today to recognize coastal middle school in the first congressional district of georgia for being distinguished as a white house school to watch. organized by the national forum to accelerate middle grades
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reform, the schools to watch program celebrates top-performing middle schools based on four factors. academic excellence, developmental responsiveness, social equity and organizational structure. in savannah, they've been surpassing the norm in all these areas while taking the initiative to go the extra mile in others. the school teaches classes in arabic and chinese, embraces students with disabilities, serves students from abroad and provides opportunities for students to serve the local community. while coastal middle school continues to excel, schools across georgia are also raising the bar. georgia was the first of three states in the nation to qualify for the national schools to watch program. congratulations, coastal middle school. keep up the good work and keep up the commitment to providing students in our area with exceptional education. thank you, mr. speaker, i yield back.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from michigan seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute and revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. >> mr. speaker, i rise to congratulate my constituent and st. clair shore city manager mike smith on his upcoming retirement after nearly two decades of service to the community. mike smith has been a true hands on leader. i ran into him at st. clair shores memorial day parade, one they have biggest in the country, where he was rushing around on a golf court -- golf cart, as ever, managing the event. r. levin: he's been a leader for an important project to me, water quality. he's worked on the basin, a mission i've made it my mission
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to fund to protect water quality. while i will miss mike's partnership, i wish him the best in his retirement and thank him for his tremendous service. thank you, mr. speaker, i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from idaho seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. >> mr. speaker. in the last few days, we spent a ot of time reviewing and debating tweets and personal comments of individuals. in the meantime, policy debate and the urgent work of the people are excluded from the agenda. as i speak, among other things, we're apprehending some 3,000 immigrants per day at our southern border. we'll lose around 130 people a day due to the opioid crisis. and our national debt will
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increase another $3 billion or so in the next 24 hours. mr. full cher: it is clear that -- mr. fulcher: it is clear that majority leadership doesn't want to have policy initiative december sired by our current administration to get a debate. but we have an election process to deal with those concerns. it is our job to do the people's work. please, let's go to work. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from new york seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute and revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. >> thank you, mr. speaker. for years republicans in congress and the have made it a top priority to end health care protection for millions of americans. they voted more than 60 times to repeal the affordable care act but when the time came they had no replacement to offer. mr. tonko: since president trump took office, three million fewer
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americans have insurance, they have removed information from government websites and shut down the marketplace website at peak ties to drive down enrollment. now the trump administration is at it again, pushing the texas vs. u.s. lawsuit. more than 130 million americans with pre-existing conditions could lose their health care protection. out of pocket costs would jump for millions of america's seniors and families and some 23 million more americans could lose access to quality, affordable health coverage by 2024. my democratic cheeks and i are fighting back to improve coverage and lower more american's health premiums, bring down prescription drug cost and strengthen medicare and medicaid for this generation and the next. the american people are right not to trust this republican congress or president with their health care. let's stop this endless repeal without replace effort and get back to solutions that will work for the people.
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i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from virginia seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute and revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. >> thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, school principals are more than just managers of educators and school activities. these individuals become student's friends, mentors, coaches, and advocates. today i have the distinct honor crummy izing dr. mark who was recently named principal of the year by the virginia parent teacher association he has over 20 years experience in education as both an educator and administrator. his life has been dedicated to service. his quarter century of experience cons to enrich toe lives of the students who pass through the doofers highland park. mr. cline: during his tenure, students have shown improvement in grades and test scores, a testament to his and the staff's
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efforts. he once said anything who does anything to help a child is a hero to me, i agree with that statement. his continues dead decision to the students of highland park elementary is commendable and i congratulate him on this honor. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman from texas seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. the speaker pro tempore: without objection the gentlewoman is recognized for one minute. >> thank you, mr. speaker. the fair labor standards act of 1938 created a minimum wage for all workers to ensure a livable wage. however, it has been over a decade since the last increase of the federal minimum wage, the longest period without any raise to the minimum wage was established. -- sit 25 $7.50
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cents? this is wrong, isn't it? it's $7.25. $.25 an hour forces many americans to work too many -- two times a day, sometimes three times to make ends meet. some in my district making one half ge must work 12 -- 112 hours a week to afford a two-bedroom apartment. that's two shifts no day off. 181 workers in my district would receive a pay raise by increasing the minimum wage to $15 an hour. raising the minimum wage would help many hardworking families rise out of poverty and reach financial stability that right now is simply out of reach. we must increase the minimum
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wage. i urge all of us to vote for the minimum wage bill tomorrow. the speaker pro tempore: the jorm's time has expired. for what purpose does the gentlewoman from texas seek recognition? without objection, the gentlewoman is recognized for one minute. ms. jackson lee: i thank the speaker. what a glorious week, to celebrate the 50th commemoration of apollo 11. i rise as someone whose eyes were wide open when this magnificent act occurred. i had the privilege of serving on the house science committee as well and on the space and aeronautics subcommittee. i even served as they were building this massive space station. but it was likewise a privilege to represent the area in which nasa johnson space center is located. just a few weeks ago i walked
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through mission control and saw those outstanding men and women symbolizing those that were at their station on the very day that neil armstrong touched this magnificent planet. and then to be able to say, one small step for man and one large step for mankind. but to know what the astronauts go through and the stars in the eyes of children, every year i hold a christmas party of 15,000 for the children in our community, the most popular people that come are the astronauts that i invite. i'm excited about celebrating this 50th commemoration of apollo 11. i absolute the -- salute the astronaut, the team, nasa, because it opens our eyes to the wideness of space, the wonderment of science and greatness of america. god bless them. congratulations. and god bless america. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from new jersey seek recognition? >> mr. speaker, i ask unanimous consent to address the house for
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one minute and to revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. >> i want to take a moment to talk about an exceptional young person from mainland high school in south jersey. bradley ferguson of may beland -- of mainland regional high school was recently selected as a united states presidential scholar. mr. van drew: the united states presidential scholar program was ounded in 1964 and since, it has honored over 7,500 graduates and high school seen yors for academic -- seniors for academic achievement and contributions to their communities. 121 u.s. presidential scholars are honored annually. for their academic excellence and their service. and i'm so excited that bradley is representing south jersey with his great achievement. all the young people being honored with this award are
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proof that education brings forth excellence. bradley, congratulations for your accomplishment. i can't wait to see whatever your future's going to hold. but we all know you are going to achieve greatness. mr. speaker, i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from georgia seek recognition? without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. >> mr. speaker, i rise today to honor the life of my constituent and friend. on july 4, he passed away at the age of 82 in albany, georgia. he dedicated his professional life to agriculture. mr. bishop: he began in 1957 selling ag chemicals and was -- and later he sold crop insurance. he is most remembered for his leadership in the mccann industry, developing special interests in mccann's and became a state leader and advocate for
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the industry. served as president of the georgia growers association for two terms, and as president and a grower himself, he testified before congress on behalf of pecan growers three of the last four farm bills. he worked hard and a desire to make -- to better the peanut industry and it led to many accomplishments, including our crop insurance, ensuring that conservation emergency programs were available to pecan growers, and the market access program to aid and build the pecan export market. his passing and leadership will be sorely missed by the industry. on a personal note, he was my friend. i will miss his sage advice and wise counsel. he never told me what i wanted to hear, he always told me what i needed to hear. the state of georgia and our nation have been truly blellsed to benefit from hilton's leadership and his advocacy. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from georgia seek recognition?
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mr. johnson: to address the body for one minute and to revise and extend. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. mr. johnson: thank you, mr. speaker. i rise in support of the wage act. for the last 10 years, the minimum wage has remained stagnant, as the cost of living has skyrocketed across the country. low income families and minimum wage workers have carried the brunt of this burden. working americans deserve sustainable living wages and we should not except an economy with parents working full -- where parents working full-time jobs cannot support their families. a vital part of the american promise is the right to a decent, livable wage. this legislation will empower our work force, strengthen the economy and support families across the united states of america. i look forward to voting in favor of this important legislation and i encourage my colleagues to do the same. and with that, i yield back.
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the speaker pro tempore: the chair lays before the house the following personal request. the clerk: leave of absence requested for mr. hudson of north carolina for today. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the request is granted. under the speaker's announced policy of january 3, 2019, the gentlewoman from california, ms. porter, is recognized for 60 minutes as the designee of the majority leader. ms. porter: thank you, mr. speaker. i yield to the gentlewoman from georgia. mrs. mcbath: thank you so much. i rise on the issue of college affordability. too many of our students are finding themselves sat saadled with student loan debt after attending predatory institutions. we cannot expect our students to repay these loans when they were not given the quality education and degree that they paid for.
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students who pursue higher education degrees are sometimes faced with sudden school closures or the institution's loss of accreditation. when this happens, students are often left with incredible debt, but no degree to show for it. this issue hits very close to home for me. in march, approximately 1,500 of my constituents became all too amiliar with this situation. an institution ran by dream center holdings l.l.c. closed, leaving its students with large debts and class credits they could not transfer. student veterans were told their g.i. benefits were depleted and that they would be unable to continue or even start over at another institution. that's why i am so very proud to
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have introduced h.r. 3662, the relief for defrauded students act of 2016. in 2016 the department of education issued a ruling allowing for students to have their debts relieved when it was und their universities severely misrepresented their services. my bill would codify this rule and protect students from the impact of predatory institutions. currently, there are over 180,000 applications for debt relief claims sitting at the department of education awaiting decisions. these students deserve action from the department, not silence. h.r. 3662 would provide them a quick and fair process for resolving these issues. and i am happy to have introduced the relief for defrauded students act, along
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with representatives katie porter, abby finkenauer, cindy axne, mary gay scanlon, and sharice davids. together we are committed to protecting our students and holding these institutions accountable. thank you. and i yield back the balance of my time. ms. porter: thank you so much to the gentlewoman from georgia for her leadership on this issue. and for being here tonight to talk about those defrauded students who are being hurt and suffering around this country and whose voices are not being heard here in congress. i also rise to talk about the college affordability crisis in our country. next week, freshmen in college and their families will be faced with their first tuition bill. according to the national center for education statistics, the average cost per year is just over $19,000 for a public four-year university and nearly $40,000 for a private university.
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the price tag for postsecondary education is spiraling out of control and the cost of college is increasing at a rate almost eight times faster than wages. today nearly 43 million americans, that's one in six adults, have federal student loan debt. the federal student loan portfolio has risen to over $1.5 trillion, more than doubling from just a decade ago. tomorrow's graduates will face an average debt of $30,000, a crippling amount for any young person to shoulder before they've even entered the work force. and that amount of debt, that figure increases year single year. while students' ability to pay off this debt does not. even with the most generous interest rate, 4% for federal direct student loans, borrowers will owe over $300 a month on a
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standard repayment timeline of 10 years, and they will pay $6,500 in interest alone. in 2017, young invincibles released a report on the financial decline of millennials compared to baby boomers. their findings are unsurprising for those of us familiar with college debt. despite low unemployment and economic growth, young adults are significantly worse off than those in the generation before them. and for those students who are unable to complete their college degrees, the forecast is even worse. this is where the real problem lies. according to the department of education, only 56% of borrowers who left before completing their degrees are able to lift themselves out of that debt. in 2012, in my book, "broke: how debt bankrupts the middle
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class," i wrote about the financial risks of attending college, especially for those who are unable to complete their degrees. it's true that the typical worker with a bachelor's degree earns $7 -- earns 71% more than a worker with only a high school diploma. but those caught in the middle, between the high school degree and the bachelor's degree, are at the highest risk of financial instability. while the overall level of education in our country has increased, the largest group of people in bankruptcy remains those with some college. and let's be clear. many of these students who were unable to complete degrees were not uninterested in an education. they enrolled in college. and they wanted to earn that degree. and many would still love to finish their degrees. but according to the department of education, the majority of those who leave college do so because of job or financial
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demands. in fact, fewer than 8% of student loan debtors in bankruptcy reported that they left college because they did not want to continue their education. many of these families and students faced demands to care for family members or were unable to continue to pay their tuition or meet their living expenses. and those that are most harmed are those that come from economically disadvantaged backgrounds to begin with. the power of pell grants and other federal funding streams has dropped dramatically as the cost of a college education has skyrocketed. and to make matters worse, this administration is rolling back protections for students attending for-profit colleges, where some of the worst abuses have occurred. i recently spoke with one of my constituents, a 30-year-old man named tom, who lives in irvine. tom's parents didn't earn high school degrees.
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not only did he want to finish high school, he wanted to get a college degree. a few years after graduating from high school, after working multiple jobs to make ends meet, tom started searching for a program that would help him pursue his passion for graphic design. he found the art institute online and filled out an interest form. a recruiter soon called him and he was incredibly excited to join the program and work toward a degree. he didn't realize at that time that, quote, anyone who could find a way to pay, quote, would likely be accepted. tom explained to me that the tools and code they taught were outdated and his access to his instructors was nearly nonexistent he graduated with an associate's degree and with more han $50,000 in debt.
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but he graduated with none of the skill he is needed for success. while working jobs completely unrelated to his field of study, tom worked to teach himself the skills he actually needed, and today he has managed to become a senior designer for a digital marketing agency. but his student loan debt is a constant weight on his shoulder. he recently got married and as he considers starting a family, he finds himself wondering if he will be able to financially provide for his children when he himself still owes tens of thousands of dollars. i recently joined with my colleagues in introducing the relief for defrauded students act of 2019 which would help borrowers who were defrauded or misled by their colleges. at the department of education -- as the department of education under betsy devos has failed to follow through with promises made to protect
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borrowers. but this is not enough. as we've seen all too frequently, the department of education and secretary the voss cannot be trusted to safe forward the interest of the students who, by law, they are obligated to protect. because of that, i believe that we should require information sharing between the consumer agency the consumer financial protection bureau and the department of ed and this information sharing would help make sure that the consumer agency's student loan ombudsman has the data necessary to understand the challenges that borrowers are facing. that's why i introduced the cfpb student loan integrity and transparency act. the bill just does what it says its name suggests. it mandates that the department of education and student loan servicers share information and cooperate with the consumer financial protection bureau's
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student loan education ombudsman. that ombudsman is the number one federal official tasked with advocating for students struggling to repay federal student loans. and the bill also requires that the ombudsman's office be fully staffed at all times and that the office can conduct the level of oversight necessary to protect student borrowers. on the ninth anniversary of the passage of dodd frank, it's time that we take stock of the protection about landmark legislation which provided -- of the landmark legislation that prevents another financial crisis. and many of these protections the administration and my republican colleagues have hosen to strip away. even if piecemeal we must reanimate those protections established under dodd frank or we'll again face the kind of
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dire consequences that fell on the shoulders of american families in 2008. "broke" in book 2012. that was seven years ago. the college affordability crisis is not new to this country and it's not new to this congress. the cry sess has been going on for years and while students are untable finish their education because of the financial burdens and lack of student support, while thousands face bankruptcy because of the high cost of college, congress has done nothing. and in the seven months that i have been here, congress has done nothing. how much longer will we wait to address the student loan crisis? because the students who are buried under debt, many from degrees that they were unable to finish because of financial pressure, cannot keep waiting.
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every day that we do nothing we are failing every single person in this country who pursues a post-secondary education. we are stifling our economy and actively preventing the most vulnerable people from achieving economic stability and success. no one in congress, democrat or republican, should accept this we are failing our nation's students. and as a mother of three young children, i refuse to stand by and let this happen. hat's why i join with my colleague, representative hayes, to found the first f ever congressional college affordable caucus. before being elected to congress i was a university professor and spent nearly two decades helping consumers who were facing bankruptcy. the mission of the college affordable caucus is to convene a diverse group of congressmens
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to discuss the main drivers of the increasing costs of higher education and the resulting accessibility barriers to students who are seeking a post-secondary degree or credential. the college affordability caucus will highlight solutions to the student loan default crisis and ensure that adequate guardrails are in place to protect every student from predatory actors and will reduce barriers to college completion that subsequently heighten college debt repayment problems for far too many students. as we move forward to a re-authorization of the higher education act, i hope that the college affordable caucus can work with other congressional leaders for whom this is a priority to make sure that we are protecting our students and ensuring that everyone has access to a high quality, affordable education. i yield the remainder of my
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time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman yields back. under the speaker's announced policy of january 3, 2019, the gentleman from florida, mr. owe ho, is recognized for 6 -- mr. yoho is recognized for 60 minutes as the dez igs knee of the minority -- designee of the minority leader. mr. yoho: thank you, mr. speaker. i'm excited tonight to talk to this audience here and at home about a serious situation plagued america and american politics since the mid 1980's. but that's not what i'm excited about.
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i'm excited to offer a bipartisan -- to offer a bipartisan legislation solution to fix our broken immigration system. but before i get into the nuts and bolts of what we're going to talk about, we need to look back on past efforts of what worked and efforts that did not work. this body, along with president reagan, did immigration reform that gave approximately 3.5 million individuals amnesty. reforms were put in place to prevent a repeat of the illegal immigration challenge this nation has had. america, time and time again, has been said to be the most generous country when it comes to immigration policy and i think we can all agree with that. over one million people migrate to america legally per year. unfortunately, this body became divided and has continued to be divided, over the enforcement of current laws and border security
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and to make the needed reforms and revisions and adaptations to the times an needs of today to ensure our nation's borders are secure. there are many programs where individuals can migrate to america legally. whether it's for work, to get education, to become a citizen, or seek refuge from a national disaster or fear for one's safety because of bad government, corrupt government, fear. however, this body has become so divided and the situation since 1986 has grown to the point that we now have a conservative estimate of over 12 million individuals in america illegally. and the number continues to grow. the number will continue to grow until this body stops playing
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politics with policies and people's lives and puts forth a policy that is best for america, not best for a political party, not best for the next election. if a policy is best for america, the question is asked, is it not best for all? our citizens, the immigrants, and national security. what must happen is for this body to stop playing the political divisive game that has divided this nation over the immigration policy. the democratic side, mr. republicans ms the are running concentration camps, taking children away from their parents, throwing children in cages with no food, no water, no toothbrushes, etc. the republicans claim the other side wants to have open borders. and i have to admit, the democratic presidential candidates have talked about that.
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or the democrats, mr. speaker, want to give everyone amnesty. therefore nothing gets resolved because the narrative becomes political and the canyon that's grown between us grows larger and nothing gets done. i'm a veterinarian by trade and what i have learned is you've got to look at the facts in front of you. you've got to diagnose the condition, and then you have to look at the underlying cause and then treat accordingly. in order for a problem to be solved, there must be a recognition that there is a problem. let me reference some of the rhetoric spoken by the very people tasked with solving this challenge to our great nation and this is at the beginning of the year. house speaker nancy pelosi called the situation a fake crisis at the border. senate minority leader schumer called it a crisis that does not exist. house majority leader hoyer said
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there is no crisis at the border. and i can read on and on with the individuals' names but there's no need to because there are stalk -- there are talking points that don't change. another member there is no crisis at the border. another member, a fake crisis at the border. there is no crisis at the border. we don't have a border crisis. a phony border crisis. a fake crisis at the border. a crisis that disease not exist. nonexistent border crisis. there is no border crisis. this moment -- this comes from a piece in the examiner that byron york wrote. this moment might be for a time of introspection for those who have consistently downplayed the urgency of the situation on the border. earlier this year, as i said, with the number of illegal crossings rising, with the nature of the crossers changing, more families and children than earlier years, with the testimony of border officials that they were unable to handle the situation.
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again, with all that happening, many of mir democratic colleagues and their supporters in the media forcefully denied that there was a crisis at our southern border. a few more examples, mr. speaker, -- mr. speaker. in the media, never trump republicans, former republicans, and other commentators have joined in. former representative joe scarborough now with msnbc called the situation an imaginary border crisis. former bush whaust official nicole wallace, also with msnbc, said there's not a crisis. another one sess a fake crisis. another one. there is no crisis on the border. another one. there is no crisis at the border. same talking points that get passed from one person to another. another one, a faux crisis. there's no crisis at the southern border. a make-believe crisis. even the comedians on late-night
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television weighed in and said a fake border crisis. in this one article, there are over 26 examples and there are plenty more where this came from. the situation at the border is so terrible in part because of those in power and those cheering on in the media that steadfastly resisted commonsense measures to reduce the flow of illegal migrants. the large majority of whom do not have a valid claim for asylum. across the border, the resulting paralysis in the border policy encourages more migrants to come and making the situation worse by the day. perhaps some of those quoted above only want to deny the president a victory. which is shameful. no matter how sensible the results are. they can't give in that the situation needs to be resolved. and the bottom line is, the american people are less safe.
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the immigrants are less safe. america's national security is threatened. perhaps other simple -- others are simply looking for a partisan advantage for the next election. perhaps some sincerely believe in open or virtually open borders. like i said, the democratic presidential candidates have all expressed their views on that. it doesn't matter what their motives are, the crisis, yes, the crisis, at the border worsens every day that we do not act. i'm happy to say that i think people have come to their senses. . that there is recognition today that there is a crisis at our border. and the important thing to note is that if we recognize there is a crisis at the border, then you can start to heal the problem. then you can start fixing that problem. and it starts with border security and the enforcement of the law that's already on the book. people want to put in new laws and do all these things. the laws are already on the book. there are some flawed laws that
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need to be changed. but right now i just spoke to a member of congress that returned from the border, and he has spoken to the border security people. he was down there. he saw firsthand, and he had a shocking report. the coyotes that are bringing people in have control of what we call parishes or little neighborhoods, that they have control of an area. and they bring people in and are working with the narco traffickers and they're bringing individuals into this country. now, understand what's happening here. individuals that come in, an individual will pay a coyote up to $8,000 to come into a america . $8,000. to come into america. for entry. and it's more difficult to bring an individual in than it is with a child. a person that comes in with a child only has to pay $5,000 through -- to a coyote.
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and the reason is the individual , they have to smuggle them in. they get them on a bus and they give them a boxed lunch, is what was just reported to us. and that was from last week. the person with a child that comes in only has to pay $5,000 because we have to process that. so it's easier to get them in. they can just come across the border and our system enrolls them in, so it's only $5,000 to come in. the coyotes, and understand this, and human traffickers, which are the same, are advertising in other countries, in africa, in the middle east, the asia-pacific region, south and central america, tv ads, ads in print that say, come to america, we can get you in, and they have the prices printed. the coyotes, the human traffickers and the narcos are getting rich at the expense of
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the immigrant, the refugee that truly needs to come into america, and the children. you know, we always hear on the other side, it's for the children. by god, if you believe that, fix the damage problem. our children -- the other thing that gets at the expense of is our american citizens and our children. i was elected by american citizens, and my first job is to uphold the constitution. my first job are to the people of my district that sent me here. my first job is to protect our constitutional principles for the people of this nation. the other thing that gets threatened is our national security. the reports we have right now, there are over 60 countries represented from around the world, from china, from africa, that are coming into this country at the hands of the
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coyotes. and i think it's interesting, because i want to drop back to 2014. members of this body on the other side, of this very body, that were saying there is no crisis at the border in 2014, if you look at my first poster here , it's from june of 2014. let me read you the headline here. sick -- sickening photos of the humanitarian crisis at the u.s. border detention centers. this was in june 16 of 2014 and it was written by brett glorado. sickening photos of the humanitarian crisis. there were members that are serving in this congress today and they these photos said, what a shame it is that we have these situations at the
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border. and you can see this picture. people are laying on concrete floors. but then they turn around and accuse president trump of laying these people on concrete floors, with no pillows, no blankets. that's 2014. when president obama was in charge. here's another picture. a staggering crisis on the u.s.-mexico border has left federal officials scrambling to provide the basic human necessities to thousands of undocumented immigrants, most of them unaccompanied children. now, the other side will say, well, it's for the children. and i agree. no child should have to go through that. no parent should have to go through that. 2014. yet this is 2019, not a damage thing has been done in this body to fix this problem. because politicians, and i'm almost embarrassed to say i'm a politician, are afraid to fix this problem. because you know why, they'll get political arrows thrown at
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them, because somebody will say, oh, you want amnesty, or you want to deport everybody. so they stay away from this. and another election comes. and nothing happens. other than the situation gets worse. let me go to another picture. sickening photos of the humanitarian crisis at the border detention center. business insider, all the way to australia. highlighting how dysfunctional american immigration system is. now, you see kids running around, there are bare-footed people laying on aluminum blanket, heat shields. people are in this situation. this is not a new crisis, this is something that's been going on since 1986, it's coming to a head and it's going to get worse if this body does not get the backbone to do what's right and do what's right for america, as i said, because if it's right for america, it's going to be right for the immigrant, it's going to be right for american citizen, and it's going to be right for this country. and if we don't do those things, it's going to get worse. let's go to that other picture.
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there's a graph here i want to highlight before i turn over to my good friend. on this graph, i think it's interesting because, you know, numbers speak words. pictures speak lots of words. this is the southwest border apprehension for fiscal year 2019. before i get into this, you know, president trump has taken a lot of heat for trying to resolve a situation, a situation that gets worse every day. and he only has to do that because this body is inept at what its tasked to do. this body is the one that is supposed to write immigration laws. this body is the one that is supposed to do the enforcement laws. the president is tasked with executing the laws according to article ii, section iii. he shall faithfully execute the
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laws of the land. but if congress does not solve the problem, he has no other choice. he has called this an emergency. he's taken slack or flack for that. he's taken all kinds of criticism for trying to do what's right for this country. to try to protect our national security. to try to have some kind of commonsense way to slow this down. yet my colleagues on the other side, who acknowledged in 2014 that this was a crisis, beginning of this year said there is no crisis, they criticize him for trying to act. and so i want to show you this picture here. this graph. and if you can see, i know it's probably hard to see from tv, but if you look at this graph, we've got different years represented here. we go from 2014 all the way up to 2019. the bottom line is 2016, and we ere actively deporting people.
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there was a bad economy. we weren't getting as many people into this country as before. , t what i want you to see january of this year, or actually it's october of 2018, and if you look at 2019, if you look at 2019, if we start at january, we're at 54,000 people apprehended at the border. this was when there was no risis at the border. 58,000. while there was no crisis at the border, by the time june came around, that number had grown to 104,000 apprehensions at the border. there was no crisis, according to my colleagues on the other side, that won't come together to solve this problem. president trump acted and he
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acted strong and he appealed to mexico to help us with this situation. and i commend the president of mexico to comes to -- to come to terms with president trump and they put in enforcement at their southern border. you can see exactly the affect of that and when it happened -- effect of that and when it happened it. happened right here at the end of -- happened. it happened right here at the end of june. since then, the illegal apprehensions have dropped down to under 110,000. in just a month and a half. we haven't changed the laws in this country. we haven't increased border security in this country. but the mexicans came to the rescue and helped us. in fact, the mexican government is doing more to solve this problem for america and the american citizens and immigrants than my colleagues on the left side. at this time, mr. speaker, i'd like to yield time to mr. king of iowa, great friend of mine, and a great proponent of illegal
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immigration. mr. king: i thank the gentleman from florida for taking the initiative to claim this time here on the floor of the house of representatives and bring up this topic. i'd point out, mr. speaker, too, to the people paying attention here at least, whether or not that's you, that we have -- this is the most complex issue that the united states of america faces and has ever faced. we might face a tax issue, a national defense issue, we might face a health care issue, and they are complex and very detailed. but almost everything else, you can make your mistakes, you can fix them and you can move on and it doesn't multiply if self through the multiple generations -- itself through the multiple generations we have. immigration is very complex. but at the heart of it is something i heard the gentleman from florida, mr. yoho, reference, and that is that word, 1986. 1986 was the year that ronald reagan, whom i revere and always
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i can think of, exempt for the -- except for the two times in all of history that he let me down. 1986 was a time he did. when he granted amnesty to what turned out to be more than three million illegal aliens in this country. it wasn't the number of illegal aliens that were granted a reward for breaking our laws, but instead it was the destruction of the rule of law. once you reward people for breaking the law, you get more law breakers. more law breakers destroy the law. in the center of everything i've done on immigration here in this congress in 16 1/2 years has been about the restoration of the respect for the rule of law in particular with regard to immigration. yet i'm seeing on the other side of the aisle a constant push to erode and degrade the respect for the rule of law and the rule of law itself. we're dealing with sanctuary cities, sanctuary counties, sanctuary states, sanctuary jurisdictions. and the last congress we passed sanctuary legislation that went over to mitch mcconnell's desk, that would have shut that all off and given a victim, a victim
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standing to go to court to sue the political subdivision for the compensation for the damage that would be caused by turning people loose on the streets who should have been interdicted and put back in the condition they were in before they broke the law. well, i'm a little bit extra emotional about this tonight, mr. speaker. because i get the news from des moines, iowa, and i'm going to be delicate about how i say this because i don't want to prejudice an impending prosecution. but we have a triple murder that took place in des moines, iowa, that peaceful city, that triple murder. and the individual who was arrested for that triple homicide went into the custody for des moines police for maybe a few hours. shortly his name came off of the roster of being in their custody. and then when you check, he's an -- he was in i.c.e.'s custody and it's been announced now that
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the individual that is a suspect for a triple homicide in the peaceful city of des moines, iowa, is an illegal alien, a criminal alien. and he also had been interdicted for hit and run just a couple of months ago, turned loose on the streets of iowa. now potentially guilty of killing three individuals. a mother, an 11-year-old daughter, and a 5-year-old son. illegal alien. well, we're not supposed to say that because it hurts their feelings. and one of our members of this congress has introduced legislation, by the way, it's joaquin castro, whose president is running for the united states, has introduced legislation to eliminate the term illegal alien in federal statute, because it hurts people's feelings. hurts people's feelings. when we have people going to their graves at their hands. i think their feelings are hurt a lot worse and our compassion needs to be for those who have been killed and those who have been injured and those who have been abused

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