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tv   Census Bureau News Conference on 2020 Redistricting Data  CSPAN  August 17, 2021 12:35am-1:43am EDT

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nonprofit operations and you still time to order their congressional directory with congress -- contact information for members of congress and the biden administration. announcer: next, acting u.s. census director ron jarman, along with other bureau officials releases the 2020 census redistricting data. this is just over an hour. office. and mark perry. and director nicholas jones. we begin with our first speaker, james whitehorn. >> thank you. i am james whitehorn, chief of the census redistricting and voting rights office. today, we have the special task of publishing the 2020 census
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redistricting summary file data that states may choose to use in redrawing their state legislative and congressional districts. these data provide the first look at the demographic characteristics of the nation by state, county, city, down to individual census block and show how our proposition has changed since 2010. today's information includes race and ethnicity, voting age population, occupied and vacant housing, and people living in group homes. we are releasing today's redistricting data on our public file transfer protocol site. today's data release is the same format we have used since the 2000 census. this format includes some additional software and work to extract the data. we are providing a number of supporting materials on our webpage to help users work with
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this format of data. to help the public more easily explore the numbers, we are providing an analysis of what we see in the data along with data visualization tools and a 2020 census data map. we hope you go to to explore the data in your community. by september we will release the data in an easier-to-use format through our platform. we will release dvds and flash drives. thank you. i would like to pass it over to dr. ron jarman. >> thanks. i am ron jarman, acting director of the u.s. census bureau. it is my honor to represent all the hard-working staff at the census bureau who spent countless hours working to count everyone. in april, we released the
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apportionment results from the 2020 census, which showed the total population of u.s. was 331.4 million. since then we have had teams working nonstop on the next set of census data, the redistricting data. we call this the 2020 census redistricting data pl summary file. these data begin to eliminate how the local and demographic makeup of our nation has changed over the last decade. as we discussed before, the covid-19 pandemic delayed our schedule for collecting and processing data. we understood the urgency to provide these redistricting data to the states, some of which have tight deadlines. to provide some relief and provide these critical data to all 50 states, d.c., and puerto
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rico as soon as possible, we are providing the same data in two releases. the first half is happening today. there will be a second release in september that will be easier to access and use. we will continue to release 2020 census data in 2022 and beyond. we would like to say something about data quality given the challenges in 2020. we have produced the reliable and usable statistics that we and the public expects. while no census is perfect, we are confident these results meet our high standards. it is too early to speculate on undercount or over counts for any specific demographic repeat we look forward to the release of the post enumeration survey results in 2022. overall, the 2020 census results for hispanic origin, age 18 and
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over, housing units are in line with our population benchmarks. we will release additional quality metrics to give further insight into how we collected 2020 census responses and what that might mean for the quality of the data. throughout the data processing, we have been comparing the count to benchmarks as part of our quality check of the data and have conducted one of the most copperheads of reviews and recent census history. the data we are releasing today to meet our high quality standards. i would like to take a moment to discuss the confidentiality of our statistics. when we collected data for the 2020 census from households across the nation, we assured them their responses would be kept confidential as required by law. because the redistricting data have rich demographic characteristics for very small areas, it is essential that we take steps to protect the confidentiality of individuals in our published statistics. the redistricting data summary
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files will be the first 2020 census data protected using disclosure avoidance and protects individual information while letting us share important statistics about communities. we have used this method successfully in other census data products. just as with protections we used in the past, it adds noise or fuzziness to the data. this is carefully calibrated following numerous consultations with stakeholders to protect the data at the most granular level but ensure accuracy across larger groups. the 2020 data will be used for the next 10 years to shape the future of our country. local leaders can use this information make decisions such as where to build roads and hospitals. these results will help inform how hundreds of billions of dollars in federal funds will be distributed each year nationwide. the data we are releasing today
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meet our high data quality standards, and i am proud to present them to the american public. i will now turn it over to mark perry, senior demographer in our population division to begin announcing some of the results of our redistricting data. >> thanks. good afternoon. i am mark perry senior demographer in the population division at the census bureau. i will be reviewing some of the broader findings for this decade, the distribution of the popular should as well as patterns of population increase and decrease between 2010 and 2020 from the national lev el, states, counties, and cities. as we saw several months ago, the total population of the u.s. on april 1, 2020, was 331.4 million, an increase of 22.7 million from 2010. this graph shows the publishing
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change in the u.s. by decade. the black line shows the percentage change by decade. since the 1950's, percentage increases have generally been declining each decade. this past decade, 7.4% increase was lower than the previous decade's 9.7% increase and was in fact the second lowest increase ever, only the 1930's had slower growth. this is evident if you look at population change at the state level for the past three decades. this slide and the next two slides will show how state populations have changed for the past three decades. we see a map of the population change for the states, the d.c., and puerto rico hurt 1998 to 2000. the four census regions are
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outlined on the map. those areas in the darkest shade group at 10% or more for the decade. those at the lightest grew at 4%. areas shaded in orange declined. all 50 states increased in population that decade, as did puerto rico. only the district of columbia lost population during the 1990's. states growing by 10% or more that decade were almost all in the south or west. we see the equivalent map for 2000 to 2010 with the equivalent categories. the fastest growing states are in the west or south. during this decade, 49 states and the district of columbia grew, with michigan and puerto
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rico declining in population. we see more states in the zero to 4.9% category. here is the map for 2010 to 2020. the slowdown in population growth this past decade is evident. there are fewer states in the highest growth category, more states growing slowly, and three states, west virginia, mississippi, and illinois along with puerto rico declining. most states in the west continue to be in the highest growth category. this is no longer true for the south. six states in the south had moderate growth. three were in the slowest growth, and two had population declines. in all three decades, the fastest growing states have been in the south or west with generally slower growth for states in the northeast and
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midwest. a notable exception is north dakota, which was up 15.8% in one of the fastest growing states. i will replay the three decades again so you can see the changes over time. let's look at counties. we will start with this map, showing population density in counties. the counties shaded darkest pet pipe elation densities of 1000 or more people per square mile. those in the lightest head densities of less than 50 per square mile. this is a reminder that the u.s. population continues to be unevenly distributed across the land area, with high population densities in the northeast corridor from boston to washington, d.c., and large metropolitan areas nationwide. low population densities are
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common in the western half of the country and in alaska. this next set of maps will look at population change by decade for counties in the u.s. and puerto rico. with the redistricting data released today, we see that the slowdown in growth over the past three decades is more pronounced at the county level than for states. i will show maps for the last three decades, all with the same classes so you can easily see how patterns have changed over time. this first map shows percent change in population between 1990 and 2000 for counties. those counties shaded in dark green grew by 20% or more. those counties shaded orange had population decline. in the 1990's, most counties had population growth. many were in the 20% or more category. there were a number of counties
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that lost publishing that decade. most counties inclining in population were located in the great plains region of the country's midsection, along with parts of appalachia, interior parts of the northeast, and the mississippi delta. moving ahead to the 2000 to 2 010 decade, publishing decline became somewhat more extensive. whereas growth in the 1990's was often widespread in these decades, we see growth occurring in metro areas. most of the county's growing by 20% or more in this decade were in the south and west and often with outer counties of metropolitan areas such as atlanta, dallas-fort worth, or minneapolis-st. paul. we now turn to the 2010 to 2020 decade. population decline is more
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widespread with 52% of all counties having smaller population in 2020 than 2010. the locations of pipe growth amidst widespread population decline is in metropolitan areas. texas is a good example of this were part of the houston, san antonio, and austin, dallas-fort worth, midland, and odessa areas had population growths. many of the state's other counties had population declines. rapid growth also occurred in parts of western north dakota. mckenzie county, north dakota, was the country's fastest growing county, increasing 131% between 2010 and 2020. williams county north dakota grew by 83%. i will replay the three decades again so you can see the changes over time.
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when we look more closely at the patterns of population increase and decrease this past decade, we see a strong relationship to population size with small counties tending to lose population and more populous counties tending to gain people. this bar chart shows it in detail. the graphic shows percent change in population this past decade by county population size in 2010. the four smallest size categories experienced population decline. counties with population under 1000 in 2010 lost 4.4% of their population over the decade. 10,000 to 50,000 people also lost people this decade on average. only two categories of counties show growth. counties with between 50000 and 100,000 people grew by 4.3%.
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counties with more than 100,000 people grew by 9%. let's look at population change over time for metropolitan areas. metro areas are collections of one or more counties that have an urban core of at least 50,000 people and adjacent territory with close economic and social ties to that core. during the 1990's, some of the fastest-growing metro areas were in the south and interior west while some metro areas in upstate new york, western pennsylvania, and parts of the midwest lost population. here we see the pattern for the 2000 to 2010. fewer metro areas grew by 20% or more and more metro areas declined in violation. most metro areas and puerto rico lost population that decade. here is the map for 2010 to 2020.
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we see even fewer metro areas with growth of 20% or more and more better areas declining in population. metro areas with population decline are now found in all four regions, and many states have metro areas with pipe gains as well as those with population declines. all of the metro and micro areas in puerto rico lost population this decade. the villages, florida, was the country's fastest growing metro area this decade. i will replay the three decades again so you can see the changes over time. as a result of the patterns of population change seen in the prior maps, the country's pipe elation is increasingly metropolitan. this graphic shows the shares of the u.s. population in core-base d statistical areas as well as
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outside cbsa. in 2000, 84.3% of the u.s. population was in a metro area. that is the light green section of the graphic on the left. by 2020, the proportion of the u.s. pop elation in metro areas increased to 86 point 3%, while it decreased -- to 86.3%. let's look at some 2020 census results for cities. this table shows the 10 largest cities in 2020 and their population change for the last decade. eight of the 10 grew at a faster rate this decade compared to the last. the fastest-growing of these large cities was phoenix, whose population increased by 11.2% this decade.
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the 10 largest cities in 2020 are the same group as in 2010, but the rankings changed slightly. phoenix moved up from 6th to 5th largest city and traded spots with philadelphia. for the first time ever in a decennial census, all 10 of the largest cities in the u.s. now have more than one million people. this map shows the 14 cities with population gains of 100,000 or more this decade. 12 were located in the south or west with one each in the northeast and midwest. the cities with the largest pipe elation gains this decade were new york, up more than 600,000, and houston up 200,000. the map shows those 10 fastest growing cities as red dots and
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labels their nearest large city as a green dot. as you can see, these fast-growing cities are generally suburbs of nearby larger cities. frisco and mckinney texas are both fast-growing cities near dallas, and kent, washington, is a fast-growing suburb of seattle. all of the cities grew by at least 44%. the fastest growing one, a western suburb of phoenix, was up nearly 80% this decade to reach over 91,000 and population. u.s. population growth slowed this decade. only the 1930's had slower growth. fewer states, metro areas come and counties had rapid population growth this decade. population decline was widespread this decade. most counties lost population between 2010 and 2020. on average, smaller counties tended to lose population, and more populous counties tended to
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grow. population growth this decade was almost entirely in metro areas. metro areas grew by 8.7% and micro areas by 0.8%. population outside of these areas declined by 2.8%. all 10 of the country's most populous cities grew this decade. i will turn it over to my colleague nicholas jones. >> thank you, mark. that was great information about how areas across the nation are changing. good afternoon. i am nicholas jones, the director of race ethnicity research and outreach for the census bureau's population division. i am honored to be here and excited to share highlights on the 2020 census to statistics. mark and i would like to thank all the dedicated census staff
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and our colleagues in the population division for the months of work undertaken during the pandemic to process, code, review, and analyze the 2020 data. census bureau experts have worked tirelessly to prepare this new information for the american public. you entrusted us with this data. it is our duty to return it back to you, the people of the united states. today's release of the 2020 census data provide a new shack shot -- new snapshot of the racial and ethnic diversity of our nation. to help data officials, researchers, media, and the public to examine the redistricting statistics for your state and county as well as other areas across the country, we just released two america count stories on our website. they provide a snapshot of our population and how interconnected we are. it is important to frame the
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2028 census data historically as the u.s. census bureau has collected data on race since the first census. how the concepts of race and ethnicity are measured and how statistics are collected and coded has changed every decade. these changes reflect a social, political, and economic factors throughout our nation's history. you can explore the new data on our website, the 2020 census data enable us to understand how the racial and ethnic composition and diversity of the u.s. population looked in 2020. before we present the results, it is important to know that the u.s. census bureau collects race and ethnicity data in accordance with the standards for maintaining, collecting, and transmitting data directed by the u.s. office of management and budget.
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the designs of the 2020 census questions on hispanic origin and race are similar to the designs used in the 2000 census and 2010 census. the census bureau tested an alternative question design in 2015. we must follow the 1997 i would be standards and use two -- 1997 omb standards and use two questions on race and ethnicity. building on our extensive research and outreach last decade, we made several improvements to the questions for 2020. i encourage you to check out our recent webinar and blogs to learn more. we improved the ways we process the data and code responses to these questions. this work began in 2015 without research and testing centered on findings from the 2015 national
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content test. the designs were limited in the 2018 census test. the improvements and changes enable a more thorough and accurate depiction of how people self identify, yielding a more accurate portrait of how people view their ethnicity and race. the u.s. population is much more multiracial and more racially and ethnically diverse than what we measured in the past. we are confident that differences in the overall racial distributions are largely due to improvements in the design of the two separate questions for race data, collection and processing, as well as some demographic changes over the past 10 years. we are confident that using a single combined question for race and ethnicity in the decennial census would yield a more accurate portrait of how
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the u.s. population self identifies, especially for people who self identify as multiracial or multiethnic. the 2020 census eliminates the racial and ethnic composition of the u.s. the first component of this composition comes from the question on hispanic or latino origin. from these data, we know the hispanic related latino population. the second component of this composition for racial statistics comes from a separate question on race. to frame the discussion of racial composition, we use the concept of race alone, race in combination, and race alone or in combination. these concepts have been in place since the 2000 census. the three concepts are central to understanding our country's changing demographics. today's release of 2020 census
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statistics provides a new snapshot of the racial and ethnic composition of the country. the white population remains the largest race or ethnicity group in the u.s. with 204.3 million people identifying as white alone and 235 million people identifying as white alone or in combination with another race group. the multiracial population was measured at 33.8 million people in 2020. the sum of the race alone or in combination pipe relation surpassed the black or african-american violation, which was 46.9 million. the next largest racial populations were asian alone or in combination with 24 million
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people, the american indian or alaskan native alone or in combination with 9.7 million, and the native hawaiian or other pacific islander alone or in combination group with 1.6 million people. in the 2020 census for all race groups, accounted for most of the overall changes in each racial category. although the white alone population decreased since 2010, the white in, nation population saw a 316% change during the same period. the black or african-american in combination population grew 88.7 %. over the past 10 years, the american indian and alaska native and, nation publish an increase by 160%.
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the asian alone publish and grew by 85%. the asian in combination publish and grew 55% since 2010. the native hawaiian or other pacific islander alone grew 25%. the native hawaiian or other pacific islander, nation grew at 30.8% since 2010. the sum of the race in combination publish and changed 733% since 2010. it is important to note that these comparisons between the 2020 census in 2010 data should be made with caution, taking into account the improvements we have made commit data processing, and the ways we code what people tell us. data from the 2020 census showed
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reasonable and expected distributions from the 2010 distributions. especially for people who self identified as both white and some other race. the largest multiracial combinations in 2020 were white and some other race, white and american indian and alaska native, white and black or african-american, white and asian, and black or african-american and some other race. another way to examine data on race and ethnicity is to cross tabulate hispanic or latino origin by race. this was done for 2000 and 2010 as well as the 2020 census redistricting tables.
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table p2 includes cross tabulated results. this graphic compares percent change in racial identification among the hispanic or latino population shown on the left and the percent change among non-hispanics on the right. the number of people of hispanic or latino origin who identified as white alone decreased by 52.9%, down from 26.7 million to 12.6 million over the ten-year. between 2010 and 2020, the number of people of hispanic or latino origin reporting more than one race increased from 3 million to 20.3 million, a 567% change.
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we describe the results in our america counts story. these results are not surprising as they align with our expert research and corresponding findings this past decade about the impacts of the decennial census question format on race or ethnicity reported. these improvements more accurately illustrate the richness and complexity of how people self identify in response to two separate questions under the current omb standards. in a companion story released today, we'll straight how the 2020 census results allow us to measure the nation's racial and ethnic diversity. we export multiple measures of racial and ethnic diversity. we cross tabulate the race and hispanic origin statistics, such as with the 2020 census redistricting tables.
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we see results that are not as impacted by the race reporting patterns of hispanic or latino respondents. we are confident the changes we are seeing from 2010 to 2020 and the diversity measures that calculate mutually exclusive race groups reflect actual demographic changes in the population over the past 10 years as well as improvements to the question design and coding. another way to understand the results is to see how all racial and ethnic groups are distributed across the country to inform our understanding of diversity. some people have different perceptions of what it means for a population to be diverse. our definition for diversity refers to the representation and relative size of different racial and ethnic groups within a population. diversity is maximized when all groups are represented in an area and have equal shares of
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the population. we are using several approaches to measure the racial and ethnic diversity of the u.s. population. these include the diversity index, prevalence rankings, and the diffusion score, and a series of prevalence maps. to help set the stage, we present a state-level map using data from the 2010 census. the map shows the geographic distribution of the diversity index across the country from state to state. the states in dark green were more diverse with a diversity index score of 65.0 or more in 2010. states in light green were less diverse in 2010. now we have a map calculating the diversity index for the 2020 census. in 20 at the national level, there was a 61.1% chance that two people chosen at random were from different race and ethnicity groups.
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this is higher than in 2010 when the diversity index was 54.9%. the states with the highest diversity index scores in the 2020 census are found in the west, hawaii, california, and nevada. in the south, maryland and texas, as well as the district of columbia, and in the northeast, new york and new jersey. in 20, hawaii had the highest diversity index followed by california and nevada. you can see the diversity index for all states using our interactive tableau on diversity that we released today on our website. the next measure of diversity i will present our prevalence ranking graphs. please show the percentage of the population that falls into
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the largest race or ethnic group. the second largest race or ethnic group and the third largest race or ethnic group. the colors of the bars represent the different racial and ethnic groups shown in the legend. looking at the orange bars in column one, we see the white alone publish and was the most prevalent for all states. in 2020, they hispanic or latino population became the largest racial or ethnic group in california, comprising 39.4% of the total population up from 37 .6% in 2010. in 2020 we saw ships in the second most prevalent group. in west virginia, the multiracial non-hispanic population, 4.0% became the
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second most prevalent group. in wisconsin, the hispanic or latino population, 7.6%, became the second most prevalent group. in texas, the first and second most prevalent group rankings did not change, but the difference in size between white alone, non-hispanic, and the hispanic or latino population shrank to about .5%. the difference in the size between the black or afton american and white alone population narrowed dramatically in 2020 to 2.9% point difference. as another diversity measure, we present the diffusion score. this diffusion score measures the percentage of the population that is not in the first,
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second, or third largest race or ethnic groups combined. this tells us how diverse and un-concentrated the population is relative to the largest groups. 2020 census results showed hawaii was the state with the highest diffusion score at 21.8% , followed by alaska at 17.9%, oklahoma, and nevada. another mentor we use is a series of prevalence maps show geographic distributions and patterns in racial and ethnic diversity across the country. the first map shows the most prevalent race or ethnicity group by county for 2020. in 2020, the white alone non-hispanic group population in orange was the largest group in 90% of counties. the black or african american alone non-hispanic population
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shown in blue was the largest group in some counties in the south. they hispanic or latino population shown in green was the most prevalent group counties in the southwest and west. in addition the american indian and alaska native alone non-hispanic population shown in purple was the largest racial or ethnic group and counties in alaska, the four corners region, and the upper great plains. there is more variation in the map. we see racial or ethnic groups are represented in patterns that are not as tightly clustered as they were in the first most prevalent group. these show an inverse relationship to the first most prevalent map. large numbers of counties in every region. the multiracial non-hispanic
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population was the second most prevalent group in many counties throughout the northern part of the country as well as alaska and hawaii. as the country has grown, we continue to evolve how we measure race and deafness of the of the people who live here. the 2020 census yield a more accurate portrait of how people self identified in response to two separate questions on ethnicity and race. our analysis shows the u.s. pipe elation more multiracial and more racially and ethnically diverse. we encourage you to use our data visualizations to explore interactive maps and graphics. these multiple measures of composition and diversity complement the 2020 census redistricting data release.
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these are amazing resources, and we hope you enjoyed exploring them. the data enable us to explore the richness and complexity of our nation's publish and in a new light. thank you for joining us today. i will send it over to michael. >> thank you. we will now begin taking questions from credentialed media about the information presented today. members of the media who registered received a phone number via email. operator, can you please provide instructions for calling in? >> if you would like to ask your question by phone, please press *1 on your telephone keypad. one moment for the first question.
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>> while we wait for those folks to arrange themselves in queue, just to remind all of our listeners, if you go to, you can access the information we have posted on our website. we have a news release under our america counts story to the numbers tap. -- story behind the numbers tab. i encourage people to take a look at that information. are we ready with our first question? >> the first question comes from npr. your line is open. >> thank you. i have two questions for nicholas jones. how concerned is the census bureau that the second largest race group alone or in
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combination is some other race population that the census bureau's research in the past has tried to address and provide more specific categories and to provide more specific data for users in the bureau? is the bureau planning to devote any resources to research how the bureau's coding changes for writing answers may affect historical comparisons of 2020 race ethnicity data with prior decennial censuses? >> thank you for those questions. >> thank you. thanks for your questions. for your first question, we are not surprised by the findings given the questions are asked in a separate format. this was shown in our research
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over the past couple decades of the impact of separate question formats, particularly among the hispanic population. one way we make a comparison with this data is those results are comparable to what we have seen in the past in terms of trends. we are encouraged in the ways we have been able to make improvements to the 2020 question design. it is important to keep in mind that the decennial question has changed every decade since 1790. the results we see over time we want to reflect and acknowledge the changes in our social and political constructs. we will continue to do more research as we look past 2020 and look towards the future. >> thanks for that. operator, do we have our next caller? >> the next question is coming from michael schneider, associated press.
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>> my question is for mr. jones. i am hoping you could put into context the fact that they non-hispanic white publishing dropped below 60% for the first time. do you feel that is meaningful? if so, how? if not, why not? >> thank you for your questions. one of the things we are excited about with this new release is the ways we are looking at measurements of diversity. for 2020, we have several measures that are helping us understand the complex ways we can understand our nation's diversity, not just looking at a construct that is binary but how people are interrelated and interconnected across the country. >> thanks for that. operator, do we have a next question? >> next question is coming from michael, cq roll call.
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>> thank you for holding this. i wanted to circle back around, has the agency been able to quantify the impact that the coding changes around race and ethnicity have had on the results? >> thanks for the question. i'm going to toss that over to our population experts to give you some feedback on that. >> thank you for your questions. one of the ways we talk about the results is demonstrated in our america counts story. we talk about the cautions that should be made when looking at results compared to 2010 given the improvements that we collect and code. these are improvements that help us see more accuracy in the census results given the improvements over the past 10
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years. >> thanks for that. operator, do we have our next caller? >> the next question is coming from axios. >> i was wondering if you could provide us with the total number of counties that now have less than 50% of their population made up of non-hispanic white? looking to see an increase in the majority minority counties from 2010. >> let me take a moment to see if our experts have that in front of them. if they don't, i am going to encourage you to reach out to us if you have specific questions about data that we can help provide. gentlemen? >> i can take that one. for the 2020 census, the ways in which we are measuring diversity
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are detailed in our america counts story on diversity. we are looking beyond the measures we have used in the past to see the complex diversity that exists within our nation. we have results that talk about the diversity index, prevalence maps, prevalence ranking scores. those give a more detailed, nuanced understanding of our racial and ethnic diversity. i encourage you to check out the story and reach out if you have additional questions. >> thanks for that. do we have our next caller? >> the next question is coming from india west publications. your line is open. >> thank you for taking my call. taking my question rather. i was wondering where i could find disaggregated data on the asian american population. and if you could summarize your
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findings on the american indian population. >> thanks for that line of question on aggregated data on asian american. i'm going to toss that over to our population division experts. >> thanks for the question. >> we have a lot of data. the data released today focuses on the major categories within race and hispanic origin. we collected for the very first time detailed disaggregated information from all population groups. we had detailed identities for the very first time. as we move forward in our data collection, we will be looking at the 2020 census results in a detailed housing file. that is where you will find information on groups across the country, whether they be detailed asian groups, black or
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african american groups, native tribes, as well as detailed groups for white, middle eastern, and african populations. >> when will that be released? >> the releases that we have planned are going to go through our process that is similar to the public redistricting file. >> looks like we have got a technical difficulty there. we will get nick back on to address that question. apologize for that. operator, can we have our next caller? >> wsua 9. your line is open. michael: hi, there. can you hear me?
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>> i apologize. michael: we can hear you now. go ahead with your question. >> i was wondering if you could go into a lot of bit more detail into the question design changes for race and at the city. what exactly changed, how do you perceive how the question changes, alter the way people respond, the data we got from that? michael: thank you for the question about the question design we went over in our presentation. i will toss that over to nicholas jones, who can address that question. nicholas: i think the question was about the question format, impacts on the 2020 results?
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we are not surprised about the results we see in the census given that we as two separate questions. we made a lot of efforts to improve the design and the coding and you see that in the results as they compare back to 2010. i encourage you to read our release that we issued last week to talk about some of these result in more detail. thanks for your question. michael: also just reaching back out, michael, please give us a call, and we will circle back and complete that second part to your question that got cut off earlier. nicholas, if you room or what it was, you can address it now. don't want to put you on the spot. nicholas: sorry, i lost the technical feed. michael: quite all right. we are working through it, just like everyone else. operator, can we have our next
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caller? >> next question comes from edwin. your line is open. >> would you please speak a little bit about foreign-born population and how it has changed over the last two or three decades, whether they have country of origin? michael: thank you for that line of questioning on the foreign pop. our population division express will be popular. >> while we don't have measures in the decennial census on the foreign-born population or nativity, that is processed and tabulated every year in our american community survey. reach out to our public information office to get detailed information and to connect you with subject matter experts to connect you on that particular data. michael: back to the operator, do we have our next caller? >> next question comes from theo
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. kept tv. >> i'm wondering if you have net migration data, and if so, which states in the midwest saw net migration increases, domestic and international? michael: thank you for the line of questions on that migration, specifically pointing out the midwest. i will toss that over to mark. mark: thank you for the question. we don't have migration data from the 2020 census. we essentially have the population count. what we have been and will continue to do is analyze the 2020 data in concert with our central population estimates program. as you may know, we produce population estimates for the nation, states, metropolitan and micro-polyps in areas, all
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cities and towns. with respect to domestic and international migration, we look at counties and states. that is one of the components we release every year. what we will be doing is looking at the 2010 and 2020 census counts, looking at the domestic and international migration components, and over the coming year, we will be doing evaluation of those estimates to see how they align with the 2020 results. michael: thank you for that, marc. operator, do we have our next question? >> eric schmitt, st. louis public radio. >> good afternoon. my question is, i know the census this year provided more detailed information on sexual partners, whether people were in lgbtqia+ relationships.
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moving forward, what are the bureau's plan to collect more information on non-binary and transgender people, as that did not occur in this census? michael: thank you for the line of question. i will toss that back over to ron jarmin. he may have some thing to say. if you don't know, we have a couple of experimental data products that are out there collecting some of this data. >> before i toss it over to my more knowledgeable colleagues, this week, we released results from our household poll survey, something we stood up in response to the pandemic last year. for the first time we have a full suite of questions on the household full survey. there are also a few other surveys, crime surveys and whatnot that have that information.
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you can glean some information from the senses and acs. i will turn over to marc or nicholas, if they want to tackle that. nicholas: i will just say we have the additional products coming out next year with a detailed demographic and housing characteristics file. we will be looking at content on household formation and the like. michael: thank you for that, gentlemen. operator, do we have our next call? >> next question is from joel patterson gordon, government technologies. >> i was interested in the differential privacy algorithm. if you could speak to some of the impact of that, accuracy limitations that need to be accounted for when interpreting the findings. michael: thank you for the question on differential privacy. before i toss it over to dr. ron
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jarmin, or those are not aware, we did release our last experimental data product this past tuesday and had a webinar. i encourage you to go to and click on disclosure avoidance to get that information, see where we are in our analyses, using that in privacy. ron: thank you for the question. differential privacy is the method that we are choosing to protect the confidentiality of our respondent data for the 2020 census. also a technique that we used for other census data products over the last several years pretty successfully. i will say, one of the things on we are getting ready to do the census, doing research on what were the barriers and motivators for people to respond to the census, confidentiality of their response was very high up.
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we knew that we needed to take that even more seriously than the log requires us to do, to make sure people could trust the data they provided us was kept confidential. we work closely with stakeholders, with the department of justice, tailoring our algorithms to provide the best information we could for redistricting, and in the future, for dhc products, condition on maintaining the confidentiality. we are confident that at the levels of aggregation that are needed for drawing district boundaries and whatnot, when you sum the data up, you will get very good resolution in the data. for very small areas and small groups, there could be some noise, but that is what is required in order to maintain the confidentiality. i encourage you to look at the resources that michael mentioned
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earlier. there is lots of stuff out there for you to look at. again, we did release last set of demonstration data earlier today. thank you. michael: operator, do we have our next call? >> next question is from tara from the washington post. >> can you hear me? my question is in multi-parts. white population shrank by about 20 million people, if i have that accurate. i am a little unclear whether they dipped below 60%. we heard that earlier from someone in the questions but we are unable to confirm that. can you confirm that? 20 million and whether it is under 60%. can you discuss how much this is related, possibly related to a change in how people self identified?
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can you verify whether the under 18 population became more than 50% people of color or nonwhite? michael: thank you for those questions. we will chew on this and toss it around the horn, address this three-part question. i will turn it over to our population division experts, marc perry and nicholas jones, to give you feedback on not just the white population shrinking, self identification, and the under 18 population going up. nicholas: we have a lot of great information in our america counts story that we released today, as well as our america counts story on diversity. one of the measures we detail is look at composition from a perspective of race,. with the
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alone come along combination populations. we refer to that as the white alone or combination population. that group arose by 300% on the slide. we also have detailed findings looking at race recordings are among the hispanic origin population. you can see differences there in the reporting of white alone versus increases of reporting of multiracial within the have panic population. that is in our america counts story. you can understand the nuances with the story to get a better feel an understanding of the story we see now in 2020 with this new portrait. the last thing i will say about your question on the under 18 population, that is detailed as well in our america counts story. we see differences in the pattern of children under 18 compared to the pattern of adults, 18 and older.
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that details how the future generations may be comprised demographically when you look at the race and hispanic origin. thank you for the question. michael: thank you. operator, do we have our next caller? >> we are currently waiting for more parties to queue up. one moment, please. the next question comes from tv1 usa. >> good, gentlemen. my question is where i can find the data of the growth of south asian, especially muslim in the metropolitan areas in usa? michael: thank you for that line of questioning. i will pass that over to our very popular folks in the population division. mark and nicholas. nicholas: we have information
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that will be released in the future from the 2020 census looking at detailed disaggregated groups such as south asian groups, pakistani, asian indian, bangladeshi, many others. that is true for both the asian population and other racial and ethnic groups we are releasing today in an aggregate form. stay tuned for those results on 2020 in our detailed file. we also have yearly estimates available through the american community survey. you can see that information over the past several years, detailed results for detailed asian groups. michael: thank you, nicholas. operator, do we have anyone else? >> we have no further questions in queue. michael: if there are no other collars, i want to thank everyone. thank you, everyone. today gives us an in-depth look at how the u.s. population has
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grown and changed since the 2020 census. local leaders who choose to use this data may make decisions such as where to build roads and hospitals, even how to respond to natural disasters and future pandemics. you will find many materials related to the release of the 2020 census redistricting summary files data on our website, including the america counts story that we mentioned today. also are data visualizations, news release, and comprehensive press kit with all the materials about today's release. please visit to access this information. members of the media, please contact us at or call for any additional questions. thank you all for joining us. on behalf of the census bureau, it's a privilege to provide the 2020 census redistricting data
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summary files to you. we relied heavily on your responses to the 2020 census. we are owner to be able to return your data to do -- to you, and it goes without saying it took the efforts of many census partners, temporary and permanent employees, their dedication and diligent work to make today a reality. we look forward to releasing even more rich data about our nation in the coming year. remember, follow us on social media @uscensusburaue to stay up-to-date on our latest news. than >> you still time to do congressional directory with updated information for members
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of congress and the biden administration. go to c-span so ♪ >> president biden spoke about events unfolding in afghanistan as the u.s. troop withdrawal comes to a close. it was his first public address on the situation since the taliban gained control of kabul. from the white house, this is 20 minutes.


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