A dental needs study of the Army Reserve Components was conducted from 28 May to 30 September 1985. Examinations of soldiers of the Army National Guard (ARNG) and U.S. Army Reserve (USAR) were performing using the approach similar to that of the National Survey of Oral Health in U.S. Employed Adults and Seniors 1985-1986. In addition to recording decayed, missing, and filled surfaces and periodontal attachment position a treatment needs assessment and Department of Defense Dental Fitness Classification were done. Examinations were performed by 39 Reserve and Active Component dental officers who were calibrated to the standards used in the National Survey.... Dental epidemiology, Dental needs, Dental readiness, Dental fitness, Military medicine, U.S. Army, U.S. Army Reserves.