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tv   Treasures of the World - Venice and Its Lagoon Italy  Deutsche Welle  October 3, 2017 11:15pm-11:31pm CEST

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a matter long vacuum tubes are bounced back by a mirror when a gravitational wave meets the tubes the laser beams get stretched and clinched and they encounter a slight disruption in their path. the physicists have measured the gravitational waves and rendered them audible. the signal sounds like a stone dropped in a cosmic puddle. the technology may answer questions about the beginning of the universe and might even allow us to hear the sound of the big bang. and a big congratulations to them with that you are up to date here. very much for watching. climate change. waste. pollution. isn't it time for. africa people and projects that are changing our environment for
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we need. venice the magical name of the magical city the city of a thousand bridges and canals. the city of cannibals and honeymoons known for centuries has lasted anything on the most serene. the riches of the world were brought in here under the we are to bridge and behind the facades of the palaces the most glittering parties in europe took place. but the splendid sophistication of the nation society was only one aspect of this watery metropolis behind the carnival masks lies a history of plundering which goes right back to the origins of the city. it's
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history begins with a forced exodus in the fifth century many romans fled to the north away from the invading huns they were driven as far as the adriatic islands where they finally found shelter in the good venice. the venetians were quick to use their position on the coast donors and larger boats were built a merchant navy developed and soon the venetians were boat enough to sail as far as the orient their trade routes later extended further to the north and west with expeditions reaching the canary islands and senegal the most famous explorer was marco polo who set off in the thirteenth century on his journey to china. new markets opened up and venice increasingly became the center of european trade deals were struck on the reality show in front of the church of santiago soon the fruit and vegetable sellers were joined by many other traders sold from venice is only
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going with the sale along with pepper from india first from russia and silks from the orient. the money changers and the goldsmith's had their shops in the arcades the nation artifacts found their way around the world. in the thirteenth century a small group of art isn't began glassblowing on the island of murano their little workshops eventually developed into a large industry that is became a center for crafts one historian describes it as the jewel case of the world but not all the beautiful things in venice were produced by the locals hard work what venice couldn't buy it could usually find a way of stealing. in seventeen ninety six napoleon visited st mark's square on his first wondering wait
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he already knew what he most wanted here. but horses of san marco and he also knew that nearly six hundred years before another man had taken those wrongs horses as the crowning piece of his own raid his name was and we go down the road and his title the highest rank in venice bonaparte was just twenty seven when he marched into venice dandolo had been ninety five when he left and almost blind in both our . younger one had made many promises to the people of venice in the church of san marcos he promised in the name of the cross to sail to the holy land and join the french there in fighting the infidels but the crusade became a simple rating trick on the way to jerusalem dandolo changed course turning his troops north towards the center of the by zante empire he was moving in on his new target constantinople the modern day is going to be.
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the decisive battle came in twelve hundred four on the bosporus the city's defenses were strong but couldn't hold out long against the invaders what happened next has been described as an orgy of violence and pillage christians butchered christians the crusaders had defeated their own brothers in the faith from now on though when it really was what it had always seen itself as a true certainly similar and the most venerable of cities it had been a great power now it was a world power. but the triumphant reception of the victorious dog and his navy was not to be now almost one hundred years old dandolo had written his holes too fast full and broken his hip shortly afterwards he died. at least the spoils of his wars arrive safely in venice the valuable art treasures plundered by the crusader knights can now be see here in the church of someone.
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first century soldiers were sent into the war on the corner opposite the dozers palace the locals call them the full thieves and say they were turned into stone while trying to go to church. the inside of the church got its share of three hundred to the mosaics on the couple of expanded today mobile phone thousand square meters of the interior are covered with gleaming gold and sparing. the most precious of san marcos treasures is the door to the golden altar screen decorated with fine bicentenary enamel three and a half metres long and one and a half metres across the owners screen is of pure gold it's clear the dunder those beauty wasn't the first stolen piece to adorn the doors his church. in the nineteenth century to traders set out for alexandria to steal the bones of st mark from a sarcophagus the relics were smuggled past the muslim guards by being hidden in a bound book which they could not touch as soon as the relics of the apostle had
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arrived work began a church to house them it was named after him son mark all. before the age of the railway venice could only be reached by seen anyone coming in past the two columns would know whose territory he had entered the lion of st mark and sent theodore venice as only a patron stood not least with the republic's determination to make short work of dissenters even dozes had to learn this and sometimes it was a painful lesson. now you know fiat was one such by around thirteen fifty he had already had to suffer several political setbacks and now he heard rumors that a young patrician was paying cook to his wife and was boasting about it. was. the end.
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i am. for yet wanted revenge but the nobility stuck together and the young gallant as good as got away with it started a conspiracy once and for all he would remove power from the out of stock receive his coup failed and fall took up a special place in the ancestral portrait gallery of the. it is the place of money you know fayyad who was beheaded for his crimes. on the same spot where a year before he had been admitted to office as a failure and now lost that office his dignity and his life since then the venetian saying has been beware the place between the columns.
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it was the middle of the fourteenth century for the alice stock was it the start of a new era the rest of europe was still building fortresses but here people wanted to give a sign of the new times the new dallas. was to radiate lightness and an easy. it was almost a symbol of the city on piles the upper story of the palace rested on columns just as the whole of venice was supported by wooden panels. an avenue of triumph was also built with a door leading to his official powers it leads from the company to the. the main hall to the palace and ends at the schuyler de gigante the giants case which was named not for its size but for the two colossal statues by sun so we know miles and neptune who stand for the venetian states dominance on land and on the
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high series. this is the spot where the new dodges were sworn in and family as fate was to be a lesson to the italian poet which mockingly called the daughters slaves decked out with honors because they had little power as a glance here at the kneeling door for scout suggests. the inability of venice had succeeded in arranging matters to them liking and from now on they were mainly concerned with self aggrandizement they took over most of the south wing of the palazzo for their great council they had the walls and ceilings painted by the best artists in europe it was here that the world's largest oil painting was created that was paradise but politics at the center of the nation power was anything but paradise as the saying went with any post then christian.
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often even the powerful men of state didn't know dubious channels someone had been denounced it was an adult morning in july seventeenth fifty five when the republic's inquisitors trapped the most famous victim a young writer was accused of treason he was none other than jack ahmed casanova who had long been rumored to be seducing young girls the sentence was five years imprisonment and the prison he was to be sent to was even then one of the world's most notorious the lead cells of the ballots counted. anyone who ended up behind these bans usually had little hope of regaining freedom and so the bridge leading to the sounds of and really lived up to its name as the bridge of sighs but covered over was not to leave freedom behind forever when he crossed the bridge of sighs he succeeded in constructing a door with which he dug
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a hole through his cell wall his escape made him famous overnight and his bravado was applauded all over europe the venetian state that being humiliated. when the two bronze moon was rung the bell was on the clock tower on the twelfth of may seventeen ninety seven they were ringing in the end of the venetian republic napoleon's troops were massed before the gates of the city the great council and the ludovico money knew there was nothing to be done but to give up power gracefully and so the last step down. the republic of. the myth of venice lives on to this day.
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