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tv   Global 3000 - The Globalization Program  Deutsche Welle  November 4, 2017 1:30pm-2:00pm CET

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it's up to us to make a difference let's destroy each other. we go at it or go the firemen magazine. d w. this is you governing is coming from but end of the right to our correspondent news in central istanbul i'm joined by the helicopter did others over the course want to own those stories in just a minute but first this news just in it's all about perspective closer to. this week global three thousand heads to jordan where waterfalls are red and droughts a common place the challenges of an expanding does it. in iran couples desperate
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for a baby are basing their hopes on a combination of crack and modern medicine. and meanwhile in the kenyan bush it's basic medicine that's needed and it comes by camel. more than four hundred million people worldwide have no access to medical care. with thirty nine doctors per ten thousand people gemini is one of the most privileged countries. elsewhere health care can be more of a challenge that often fall few a physicians around. a lack of doctors also has an impact on health education from disease prevention to family planning in kenya for example women that have four children on average but in rural areas it's not uncommon for a woman to have ten or more i'm getting medical care to them. can be
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a challenge. the sun is rising as these camel keepers prepare for the next four weeks of hard work by loading tents food and medical supplies onto the backs of their fifteen animals. one of them i don't know this one here it doesn't feel like carrying a heavy load it's first time it's still training. but it'll get the hang of it in the next few days. the animals might be half hearted about the upcoming trip but the other members of this mobile camel clinic are looking forward to it. oh my god when ruto is a doctor pulling peaky is a nice they've given up their holiday to do this. work.
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before. the overlook. what the team first have to head into the rift valley. the area is inaccessible to cars and even the camels a digging in their heels. that. was a good idea and they're used to it but camels love to complain they complain when they're being trained in the morning in the evening even if you just touch it camels love to grumble that's what they're like.
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know her. as they passed by pauline the nurse approaches women and invites them to a consultation family planning and birth control a top of the mobile camel clinics agenda. after five hours on the road everyone is exhausted by the time they reach their first stop in the rift valley. the local children greet the camels as though they were circus attractions. good. pauline and godwin set up that clinic in the open air. market in only the first patient would like an h i.v. test he asks if he could have become infected by contaminated food. really interested. only in finally gets through to someone phyllis's thirty
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six and has nine children she agrees to get a hormonal implant which will stop her getting pregnant for the next three years. god when richard treats her out of sight of everyone else. we believe the name if someone we knew used this way know not to get into who goes along with the need to be in the queue to give their lives on the move bernie i know through the use of leave work with people who are those who use one new plan and i did prove it to. phyllis says her husband wants more children he won't know that she's using contraception now. and i want to make sure that the children i have get a proper education and. will have. nine children isn't even that many she explains some of her neighbors have ten eleven
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twelve. pulling visits the local school it's crowded considering that with such a small place but then again most families around here have about ten children in rural kenya sex education classes a very basic for as long as they go to school cautions pauline the girls have to keep their legs crossed to men. she's also brought along some real usable cloth sanitary pads usually when a young girl gets her period she doesn't go to school they don't have any sanitary pads attempt on this so they stay at home until their periods finished. in hopes that by giving them these clot sanitary pads she'll stop the missing school. unfortunately she only has enough for half the class.
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meanwhile dock to reach zero is seen patient after patient this elderly woman has a number of complaints it would take a day of travelling to get to the nearest hospital and hardly anyone could afford the trip anyway few people in this remote part of the country benefit from health care. this one so difficult yeah they censored tavish when the mobilization and then they proceed they have sometimes to improvise and use a bit of soap but when it's time to money diminishing time when they're cutting off drags it's so difficult as compared to working in the pacific which is where godwin ruto normally works but for the last two years instead of taking an annual holiday he's been volunteering with the mobile camel clinic he calls it giving something back to society. and even if it's hard work and often frustrating the team enjoy their trip to remote parts of kenya. by the time night
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falls and they gather around the campfire even the camels look contented. over the . now in global brains we look at if we at least simple invention that some say saving lives. these babies are receiving good care most newborns in india with special medical needs do not especially in rural areas hospitals that can look after pre-term or low wage newborns are few and far between. about one in three babies born in india are born clinically low birth weight and their high risk for a number of complications two of which are hypothermia and infection. and they're born in places where it is not adequate infrastructure is for the doctors may not have the expertise to treat them and they often go home earlier than anyone would
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do because of financial constraints according to official figures more than twenty percent of india's population live in extreme poverty and many parents can't read or make sense of a thermometer hyperthermia is often considered a silent killer it's not easily detected especially by parents who are not aware educated about the importance of temperature and there you want them pretty maintenance is the more is a most critical and unless you get that right and whatever floats your boat may not help much the founders of them pool of come up with a hypothermia monitoring device in the form of a bracelet its battery can last for more than a month the first few weeks of a baby's life are the most critical if a baby's temperature falls below thirty six point five degrees celsius the device issues an alarm. so mothers are being proactive in their
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care if you want as soon as they're getting discharged by kicking the bend and along with ben ben program is going to the mind them to say that my follow up is there next tuesday and i want to meet the doctors may want to meet people from the more important cared for. about eight million babies are born with a low birth weight in india every year very many of them are affected by hypothermia if they get cold they expend so much energy trying to maintain their temperature that they can't thrive or grow even in hospitals i prefer mia is often not detected staff shortages are usually to blame. the work we do here is. empowering doctors nurses fathers and mothers to be able to take better care of their newborns. the bamboo bracelet has already helped thousands of newborns in india the plan is to introduce it soon in african and
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southeast asian countries. years ago the first child was conceived through in vitro fertilization. since then a lot has changed since one nine hundred seventy eight around six point five million children have been conceived in this way. i.v.'s has become more common as the technology has matured but it's still controversial the world's main religions take different stances on the procedure it's been a source of debate for decades. buddhism and hinduism don't have a problem with it. i.d.f. is critically within judaism but it's not banned as long as the egg and the sperm come from the parents the catholic church however is opposed to it protestants are also not uncritical but leave the disc. up to the parents conscience.
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is normal in the other hands takes a tolerance approach to in vitro fertilization if the couple are married and that's even an arch conservative in rom. every year and akbar hussein a poor come to this mosque to mark the death of the second imaam haasan. people gather here to give thanks and to ask god to answer their prayers. suck in a has had the same wish for the past twenty years. if i'm honest i pray to god for a child. it's clear that akbar is uncomfortable talking about the subject in public . he worries that if he and his wife remain childless they'll be scorned by their community. because. i don't like to talk about it or.
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for my home i want it to stay between godly self until a miracle happens. well some more mature more disabled one. or two or more yes i went to the doctor i was say that i didn't. know i just really wish we could have a child. was. born . the couple live in the small town of austin a posh rafia in the north of iran situated in the province of geelong on the caspian sea. it's an area where religion and tradition still play an important role.
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the most in a pours have invited their entire family for a visit none of them know that the couple have undergone i.v.'s far away from home in the capital tehran. faith in god is one thing faith in modern medicine another. the large sign on the facade of the office cena and fertility clinic belies the fact that i.v.'s is not widely talked about in the islamic republic even though supreme leader ayatollah ali hominidae issued a fatwa providing religious sanction for the process a few years ago. the clinic serves around twelve thousand couples every year there are seventy such clinics throughout the islamic republic. for more and more iranians i.p.f. is the only way to have a child professor media condi is the director of the institute it's estimated that around twelve to fifteen percent of couples worldwide are unable to have children
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in iran it's more than twenty percent. unfortunately the infertility rate is very high in iran. there are several reasons for this environmental pollution lifestyle. and of course there's been an increase in the number of people marrying later and deciding to have children later in life and that also affects fertility me. of all the couples we spoke to not one had told their families about their attempt to conceive through i.p.f. are there with the husband's sperm or with donated sperm from a sperm bank. so bad that i want to see many couples hide the fact they've undergone i.v.'s even after they've done it including couples who've used their own sperm. ninety percent of patients are inseminated with their own sperm. then
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wellbutrin then may keep it secret and pretend the pregnancy happened naturally and we actually advise them to do that because if the registry office learns that a child was conceived through insemination it can be problematic then the couple has to prove the child is really has. that. although iran is highly advanced when it comes to research into i.v.'s the topic is still taboo and that's despite the fact that the countries religious authorities have given their approval for the procedure as a way of increasing the birth rate. but there is still legal uncertainty once the child is born especially if the baby was conceived using donated sperm. in. islam doesn't forbid i.v.s. even sorry that mothers have been allowed since two thousand and two the question
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is whether the child was conceived using the father's own sperm or someone else's if the father was not the sperm donor then the question is whether he would be allowed to see his daughter without a headscarf such a child would not inherit from the father but would from the mother. the food prepared by the host city force today as a sacrificial offering they hope that this will help their wish finally come true. the couple goes back and forth between putting their trust in god alone and trusting also in medical professionals. they don't have much time. it's already forty one years old and they haven't yet managed to save up their money for the next i.d.f. procedure it's the equivalent of twelve hundred euros a whole year's salary and a huge sum for the poor farmers it's a battle against nature time and a conservative society which looks down on those without a child. where do you stand on different topics
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join us on facebook and take part in our discussions d.w. global society you'll also find moving stories that from around the world so follow us. and now to our global ideas series this is when we meet people committed to protecting our environment. is a small country with limited access to water and fertile soil climate change and over use of the country's green areas playing havoc with the natural world report i'm able traveled there and found herself in some pretty risky situations conservation work is certainly not for the faint hearted or at least that's what jordanian princesses say. these sheep get milks twice a day there are three hundred of them so it's hard work they graze here east of the town of mud in the spring and summer the herd numbers about seven hundred in all.
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the land is leased by mohammed he's the head of a large bedouin family that has traditionally owned the living from livestock farm . over. you know we originally came from yemen. we emigrated to jordan over three hundred years ago. and. then the number of tribes came here together and today we share the my in the region. he and many other livestock farmers in jordan are now struggling with problems caused by desert a fixation and overgrazing in order to ensure that his herd survives abu mohammed relies on another grazing area an hour's drive away getting the sheep there takes two days in the winter months his livestock graze here near the dead sea.
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wound re stones demarcate the pastoral area moving from one passenger area to another is the nomadic tradition. when i was there i let them graze here for a month then i send them down there so that the grass can grow back. but it no longer grows back as much as it should be more sustainable practices than simply changing the pastoral area from time to time are now called for mahmoud bridge or is on a team working on behalf of the german development agency g.-i said researching ways to improve traditional pasture management they want to see how varying intensities of grazing affected education growth. and we'd like to repeat the experiment we're conducting here in other parts of jordan. the project will last
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four to five years the first results show that when you compare the areas inside the conservation zone with those outside it then you can observe differences in the vegetation cover vegetation flourishes in the conservation zone and with it biodiversity. we head further north. the royal botanic garden is close to tyler a roman. it was founded by princess bassam i've been to. the initiative aims to promote awareness of jordan's diverse and abundant flora to collect and cultivate rare and threatened species and here in the national her barium to develop an inventory of all the species that grow in jordan. it's hoped that visitors will learn to more fully appreciate the natural world around them. the ecosystem services that these hybrid totes and these ecosystems
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provide are essential to our livelihood if we want to live a life of dignity. princess paris mass says she thinks politicians need to do more to protect the ecosystem they will start to realize when the impacts are going to get stronger we felt this most recently in the last five years with. the huge numbers of refugees has place a huge impact on our natural resources mainly water they're going to realize that if you protect our forests for example we actually can harvest more water by increasing the bankability of the water in our in our soils so it's really a whole full circle fragile ecosystems in a politically unstable region mean big problems but the budget to solve them is small says ride bunny honey of the ministry of environment he does nonetheless say
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there's been some progress. but in the past the old law said nothing of directly about the protection of biodiversity the new one passed just recently is very concerned with precisely that it also includes sanctions to protect biodiversity and. that's good news for wildly cardiac canyon south of the capital amman and away he says of biodiversity in an often arid desert landscape a lot of water is channeled to farms and towns in the area but at this time of year there's still water flowing in the river. local men have got together to look after while the current. some used to hunt until they realized there were fewer and fewer animals to kill now they seek to
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protect the areas plants and animals. these men are doing important work. with the most important thing is keeping the canyon clean. they go down there and pick up all the trash. but they also tell visitors about the environmental issues and the workers tour guides to earn some money. for. a trip along the canyon can lead right through a waterfall. the guys have been trained to keep the tourists safe. the canyon is more than twelve kilometers long much of the terrain is beautiful but not the parts nearest sewage works. ten days earlier wastewater was released here the stands still stink.
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in all this impacts tourism here. groups we have company hiking along the valley of fine and happy until they reach this point. when they get disgusted because the water is so dirty. the co-operative along with other n.g.o.s and the state water authority is trying to find a solution to the problem. in the meantime the men still have their work cut out trying to persuade tourists not to discard trash in this beautiful place. that's all for today but we love hearing from you so visit us on facebook. d.w. global society all right to atsic labels three thousand that come see you next
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is delia news live from berlin lebanon's prime minister resigns and fires a broadside at iran saad hariri has moved took the middle east by surprise he talked about the evil that iran's.


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