tv Eco-at- Africa - The Environment Magazine Deutsche Welle November 25, 2017 9:30pm-10:01pm CET
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and welcome to our new edition of eco at africa the environment magazine brought to you by d.w. k.c.a.l. and channel c.b. i'm sharing the money from nairobi kenya and with me is my colleague and to you from a nice area helen t. and how is it going on the other side of the continent everything's fine on this side of the continent so on the hello everyone and welcome to the show i mean the show will in ocean state southwest nigeria and we do have some exciting news stories on the environment from africa and europe for you here is how we have them all lined up. we get close to lyons in uganda and find out the best ways to protect
them. into me shall we visit companies are want to reduce overall energy consumption in the country. and in kenya we meet people who are making tropical from human waste. will begin this week's program in north africa industry internees here is an image of god following up more than a fad of the country's entire energy supply and the energy is mostly coming mostly from fossil fuels such as oil and liquefied petroleum gas now companies in the country are implementing measures to become more energy efficient in order to reduce greenhouse gases at the same time this process is supposed to create new jobs i reporter had a look to see what is possible. this industrial zone in tunis is home to a number of innovative companies. since twenty fifteen the tunisian government has
been expanding its commitment to environmental technology. for light is just a year and a half old and already has a workforce of thirty the company makes every day dumps which are cleaner and more efficient than the older incandescent light bulbs. twenty four year old many ben has is the daughter of the company's founder and is set to take the reins. there's the government is calling on young people to get involved. it offers funds for developing new projects i qualified for a subsidy. and i also try to encourage other young people to invest in this new technology. the low. energy costs are high in tunisia the country imports most of its electricity mainly from algeria and industry consumes a large part of that supply. the onus is therefore on
companies to reduce their energy use. the biggest brewery in the country is bt and make soft drinks as well as beer. german development aid agency is advise in the company on ways of saving energy. on changes already underway. the company has now installed bio gas plants for example. the brewing process generates a lot of heat. in the past this went to waste but not any longer. but. this boiler behind me has been fitted with an energy saving system it uses the heat of the thermal energy escaping from the chimney it's basically a heat recovery system.
unemployment is rife among many but hoskins generation over half the population of tunisia is under thirty many people she went to college with have yet to find work but environmental engineering is a growth industry. our generation is the most affected by environmental issues and so now they've started to become a big part of our thinking. this is them going on with. environmental protection and energy efficiency new technologies that could give the tunisian economy a major boost on the country's younger generation new opportunities. you probably know about. but they're also like i'm not just ordinary but like talk to. that can feed up to people yes you had it right in
berlin munich and other cities like bike taxes country please cuz but it seems that it would be a lot of work for the drivers i think n.t. can tell us more you know what sharon i asked myself the same question when i heard about these vibes but compared to classification rickshaws you don't have to struggle to drive a bike taxi they have high take a quick mind and the climate friendly eco motu maybe in germany everything it's take a look at how the sophisticated wonders on three wheels work. it's morning time in the heart of the german capital. here at the brandenburg ace bike talk to that doing good business there especially popular with tourists who avail of the city towards the drivers offered. to local mall has been operating a bike tuffy for thirteen years. this is
a super job for me i've always loved cycling and i like to get moving and i get paid for it i'm never bored with it and i get to show people the city and they're usually really impressed with not every job is like that. doesn't. he charges forty five euros for a tour of the city. or you want to write are we too happy or now you know you're not a life you're as light as a feather. together the driver passengers and bike weigh about three hundred fifty kilos. if an extra boost is required there's a manually operated electric motor. that relies to wal-mart to save his breath for all the talking he does during the tour. so it's coming here from here you can get a good view of the front of the right star it's lit up nicely in the evening on.
the bike taxi enables passengers to access places close off to conventional taxis and tour buses like just park for example the driver covers a distance of between thirty and one hundred kilometers a day that it's when you spend the whole summer cycling you don't get x. and pains much as long as you take in all brakes eat something a few bananas then it's fine. the bikes are pretty high tech they were designed and built in the southern german state of bavaria by a company called by. cycle rickshaws average a nation in japan. has given them a modern twist it takes two hours to charge up the battery for the most. considering it can ferry three people two in the back plus the driver. has a range of sixty kilometers it could replace a car. bike employs six people.
guys or should we test the motor and you near stefan cush was designed the bike taxi a quick check to make sure everything's in order. it took over eight years to develop the prototype. of course it doesn't have a combustion engine. and it has to driving forces the person himself produces a bit of c o two but that's allowed. and the electric motor produces no c o two so it's an eco friendly being called. a bike taxi will set you back ten thousand euros. to sweeten the deal the engineer has designed a vehicle to accommodate. bike gets a small part of the cost most of the new goes to the driver it takes about five
months to pay back the value of the bike taxi. stefan kush began building bike taxi seventeen years ago he's even designed a solar powered version. bike taxis can be found in one hundred twenty cities around the world including new tokyo. bike taxis are also attracting interest in the ethiopian capital addis ababa. and after. beginning in addis ababa. we hope we can establish ourselves well there. our partners are certainly coming to us for environmental reasons. they're happy to have found a business model that can also support eco friendly games. some two hundred by taxis are already on the street. has just completed his first
bite of the day. it was really great and everything was well explained i'm sure we'll do it again sometime. before till it's time to find his next passenger. inside nigeria one monkey is now more threatened than any other in africa according to conservation experts there are only a few thousand real monkeys left in the wild the habitats in nigeria's forests have been largely destroyed leaving the monkeys with nowhere to go and adding to their plight of. being poached however a nature preserve in the mountains is providing them sanctuary and in the last few years a breeding program is helping the species to recover. he's not just any primate he's a clan chief and by now good friends with innocence attacking his war just as rescued
over six hundred drill monkeys and brought them to this center in southern nigeria many of them were previously held captive inspects others as all fronts whose parents were hunted for bush meat it tackle is the terminal to stop them from dying out what i love. that they are you and they are found only here and if we don't walk passionate me with animals then the extent and the possibility of this extent i think i would prefer to die than seeing these unmasked going. to happen to other drills is shrinking there they'll eat anything including fruits like papaya for example. keeping them in food is hard work and conversely the pond religious foundation that runs the drill ranch has to purchase tons of vegetables and fruits per week with luck funding and we have more than six hundred
animals everyone. that's about sixty thousand there are. coming for. sixteen thousand that's almost one hundred ninety year olds rescue center staff of food in a nearby village in part to help boost the villagers income that way there's less likelihood they will resort to illegally hunting the animals in the wild for the meet the dream ranch couldn't survive without outside help volunteers come here from the lower world. new primates can only be integrated in the drill enclosures once they have been tested for disease here in the veterinary station the ranch manager trained volunteers how to use tranquilizer darts in case they have to rescue a drill in the wild. now it's time for him to briefly stop and volunteers.
most of the local stars used to hunt drills themselves now they carry out poaching patrols in the tucker dreams of being able to release the animals into the ones someday soon. very. very strong and they are ready to go so once we have supports. they belong to the wife and the home but chief and his clan wouldn't really be safe there are only three thousand rooms left in the wound and they are still being hunted so for the moment at least they seemed better off on the drill ranch under the watchful eye of. us and now we have a new recycling idea for you pillows made out of plastic waste here in tanzania
young people are collecting plastic mainly plastic bottles and turning them into designer sofas on to and if you're wondering yes the soap was comfy and clean. in many african countries a litter is a huge problem. this plastic takes hundreds of years to biodegrade. the pollution can cause cancer and it affects tourism and wildlife. the tanzanian company dounia designs wants to change that. it's designed furniture made up cycled plastic waste. the raw material comes from bin liners and plastic bags.
after being cleaned they're cut into pieces to create stuffing for the cushions. that's how the plastic bags get a second life vest comfy couches chairs or footstools. the plastic can also be molded into playing says durable as wood these can be made into garden furniture. all the eye. items are sustainable and eco friendly. do you like that. if you are also doing your bit tell us about it. visit our website for send us a tweet. hash tag doing your bit we share your stories. the lions are monks the most awesome species on the planet and among the most
endangered over the last three generations lion numbers have plummeted by over forty percent stoppard uganda is queen elizabeth national park are doing all they can to protect the majestic king of beasts what do they do precisely schon they carry out scientific research and also try to get the locals to protect the animals but this is no easy task as liars cause a danger to their people's lives in the surrounding villages are reported joined a group of specialists or that they leave. the mighty lion. around ninety of them live and you can just queen elizabeth national park. even though it's home to a wide range of species there isn't sufficient prey for the large carnivores. so sometimes the lions venture into neighboring villages where they prey on the
cattle. and that is crazy to the lions came at night they frightened the cows out of their enclosure when the cows ran out the two lions chased them and grabbed one of them. they tackled the cow and devoured it. but at the end. it was a big healthy cal that had recently given birth they just devoured it didn't want. to say forgot that cattle herds men have been accused of poisoning the big cats with pesticides. dr ludwig c. fat a german conservationist who came here in the one nine hundred seventy s. wants to keep the conflict with the lions from escalating he works for an organization called the uganda carnival programme aware of the dangers posed by the
predatory cats he sends out scouts to inform him whenever there's a lion attack. we got a distress call by a scout that there is another lifestream. so we came immediately she showed us the carcass. of approximately a quarter was. real it's a look at the way it is you know leopards feed in a different way. compared to the lines and to i you know. there are eleven villages within the national park and many more are located just outside it people have lived to since before the park was opened growing fixie fed makes regular visits to schools in the area has a mr spock the children's curiosity and teach them why lions are important both for
the environment and also for the people living here. so when you are young you're a lot more flexible. so from that point of view we expect that. the young people can embrace. any new idea especially scientific facts the other very important aspect and cons of ation it is a long term investment. one potential benefit for the locals there's money to be and from lion conservation. seafarer regularly takes tourists out into the wild to experience the lions at close range. besides paying a fee to the ugandan wildlife or thirty tourists also donate ten u.s. dollars to see fitz lion program. the money goes to reimburse farmers whose
livestock have been killed by the lions this compensation has changed the locals up to two towards the predators and. we cannot fully compensate the other one hundred percent but the. resource flow increases with more tourists we can also afford to pay instead of fifty percent seventy percent and the change for seasons then before we would have between five and twelve lines poison in one year just and nowadays within say the last five six years we lost knowingly to lions due to poisoning. the left the village center that he founded villages and money entertaining the visitors. over there. at least we have been if we did something from. when. we.
get some money. by supporting the local community. hopes that animals and humans will be able to co-exist peacefully in the future. and finally did you know about going to the toilet to come help them yes you have right he was always calm be good for the climate here in kenya a group of entrepreneurs. this waste product into chalk which in time helps reduce the amount of firewood needed other less would record you the better for the climate but does. sound a bit disgusting well if like me you're probably wondering as it's odd but surprisingly it's not. the content of this container truck is nauseating
and a source of clean energy. human excrement it's collected around naku a town in kenya's rift valley where waste often ends up in your by the lake. and you know the human waste is converted into charcoal briquettes used for cooking the idea may sound disgusting but it's not the resulting protests have gone through a remarkable transformation. here's how it works at the local wastewater treatment plant the sludge is left down to dry for up to three weeks. the dried remnants are then heated to a temperature of seven hundred degrees celsius which instigates a process of carbon is ation. then materials such
as banana stop fiber and sawdust are at it. in this way you are able to eliminate or the volatile. and it is at this point that to ensure that doesn't smell it for hardly when you have been cutting out the other processes which is merely and now because production. the pulverized mixture is then ready to be formed into charcoal briquettes. to bind the protests and give them a pleasant fragrance ingredient such as molasses or added. at first people resisted the poop briquettes due to the taboo surrounding the use of human waste but now more and more locals are seeing the benefits like grace waka who uses them to cook the snack she sells. it doesn't have any odor it cooks well and the fire burns evenly you're able to
cook quickly and the briquettes burn for a long time. for example if you're cooking one hundred two parties the fire is still going when you get to fifty. unlike with charcoal where you have to keep adding more after cooking only thirty. the poop charcoal is now even firing up the local economy a kilo of briquettes sells for about fifty u.s. cents. and since it's attracted attention in other regions of kenya as well as neighboring countries such as rwanda the producers are looking to ramp up output. current production for these two times a month then you want to produce ten times from month this year twenty seven thousand eventually move to ten times but once we have the right equipment in place . only
a third of know who is residents are connected to the town sewage system that means there's still plenty of untapped waste to be turned into environmentally friendly charcoal. the creative possibilities to help the planet never seem to end but that's it for this edition of the environment magazine. thanks for join us again next week. and to find out more about. the program check out our website. thank you for watching.
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