tv Focus on Europe - Spotlight on People Deutsche Welle December 7, 2017 12:30am-1:00am CET
double make. the w. true diversity. where the world of science is at home in many languages. are going to go and they will be show you that you can show them with our innovations magazine for an. hour from every week and always look into the future. science and research for. hello and welcome to focus on europe i'm michelle henery glad you could join us slavery is a thing of the past in europe or so one thought it's back in the fields of italy
the victims are mostly migrants almost one hundred thousand arrived on the italian coast this year alone in search of a better life many did not survive the journey. and for those who made it the plight continues more and more end up on huge plantations in southern italy where they toil seven days a week and inhumane conditions without water electricity or adequate food some of those responsible have now been formally charged with enslavement our reporter went there to find out how this could have happened in modern day europe. the ground ghetto near italy southern city of fudge is home to some fifteen hundred people during harvest time although home is hardly the right word the migrant laborers from africa live here in appalling conditions they earn up to a maximum of twenty euros a day not enough to afford
a proper place to live. on boy's own people three of us sleep here. this is the kitchen where we make food. we have some rice. and that's it. recently the water supply was cut off here but the migrants stayed anyway partly because they are not the only ones who depend on their meager wages so. if i don't work here who is going to feed my children in africa sometimes i send two hundred euros home sometimes one hundred fifty if i earn two hundred i keep one hundred and send a hundred back. so i've tried and i know. in many of southern italy plantations it's day laborers from africa who do much of the work they come here in their thousands modern day slaves exploited by on scrupulous farmers in the town of nardo in
a poor a police video shows the ramshackle accommodation given to foreign workers many of those who are forced to sleep here never saw any wages even though they worked for months. state prosecutors call it and slave meant a crime that italy has only introduced in recent years the slave holders in this case where the foreman. and a couple ali. the foreman decided when and what they could eat. where and what they could drink and he sold everything for an exorbitant price. a small bottle of mineral water cost three europe's. bread roll three euros fifty and even though twenty five people were taken to work on one truck each one had to pay five euros for the journey that a gene. a police raid resulted in the arrest of twenty people eleven of them received prison sentences ranging up to eleven years each.
a farmer and a number of foreman. this man known as giuseppe the tunisian was especially brutal their victims have yet to receive compensation could still lives and nardo but he's never seen any money for his work after he testified in court it's been difficult for him to find work and he's even received threats. you always tell me i should be. i we from there. the only jenny secretly please be long. in other words keep well away from us. so if you have to says you have to understand what is going on you get what i'm talking yeah i think he's. away from the public eye illegal slums have mushroom and this ghetto in southern italy is the largest in the country it's
not possible to film here openly the nigerian mafia control everything here they get it was right next to the village of boggo metz a known local people feel the government has let them down they live side by side with thousands of african slave like laborers. the black people don't buy anything maybe they spend thirty or fifty cents ok but they just take our money they don't bring it. they've taken a work away from all those who used to work in the fields or in the factories now it's only black people working everywhere. began. to. every day the ghetto grows moving a little closer to. the italian authorities are unable to cope the farmers are happy for the cheap labor leaving local residents frustrated and angry.
everything's changed they used to come in empty the rubbish and sweep the streets now and no one comes anymore. we're just left to our own devices there's nothing we can do. something about it and we. couldn't move away even if i wanted to no one would buy my house or at least not for a reasonable market price why doesn't the state just buy my house and the houses of all the people who want to move away. then the state can do what it wants and does that any way they could offer the village to the migrants. why don't we create a village for the migrants. the problem extends right across southern italy in calabria it's time for the orange harvest parts of italian agriculture are firmly in the hands of the and. the mafia african refugees are exploited here as a matter of course one reason why journalists are not welcome out in the fields.
but one worker agrees to talk to us he explains how the farmers manage to bypass italian labor laws. that's it so one of these boxes full of manda rings and you one euro. if you have ten boxes you get ten euros on saturday and sunday we working out the road the regulators don't work on those days. so then we pick everything along the road. then on monday we move further back why. because that's when they do checks the people here do have contracts but of course not proper ones. another problem because many of the migrant laborers don't have proper documentation they don't have health insurance so doctors from the aid organization emergency treat them for free the most common problem diagnosed in this clinic is malnourishment they say things here are almost
as bad as in parts of africa. they often sleep right alongside seven or eight other people in one room or tent. if one of them gets an infection and intestinal a respiratory infection it's very likely all the others will get it to. me. yet people keep coming from africa's poorest countries and crisis hit regions part of the reason for that is a surprising one and especially tragic. everyone wants to live here because we only send photos of the nice things venice milan rome. and when you go back to africa and take nice clothes with you all your friends think it's a good place to earn a living but the reality is different. this year alone over one hundred thousand migrants have arrived in italy how many of them have returned home is not no. this and the
recent reports on libya slave trade are a reminder of the continuing challenges faced by refugees the influx of refugees remains one of the biggest challenges facing europe yet the continent is already struggling with many of its own self-imposed problems take drugs that for instance as the deadline for britain to quit the e.u. approaches ireland's border has been one of the trickiest sticking points of the negotiations as it stands now there are no borders and customs controls between member states ireland and northern ireland which is part of the u.k. but this could all change with gregg's it and irish businesses across all industries could suffer like tourism tourguide brett heron is already for they left out in the cold. dublin is usually a popular tourist destination in october but today hardly anyone is aboard brand
here and sightseeing boss british visitors to ireland have become rare the looming breaks it has had negative consequences for british buying power abroad. when the currency said maintaining. the no benefit for never getting twenty five percent benefits a day you know day they give three hundred sterling for five hundred euros naturally hearns bus passes by doublings famous guinness brewery he says bricks it will also affect how the beer is produced. it goes up to the north where it would be counting on the box in the cons you get in germany on the books on the north of ireland. so it has to go to different countries. different jurisdictions as a part of the u.k. . brics it will complicate irish imports and exports almost all trade is done via dublin's harbor where it's transported across british soil into the e.u. . after brics it is british soil will become none e.u.
territory. james quinn runs a freight business with nine drivers once brakes it takes effect trucking to and from europe will take much longer and cost him more money. i think maybe here is the time to check that we already. you know i often say it's like a horse race where we are going to have a two and a half mile or a four kilometer radius to get to somewhere like brussels around two or four or cologne but if you're in mainland europe in holland or belgium or germany you're much closer to the center we are constantly were fighting this battle to do right at the finish posting at the same time as everybody else it takes an hour to get from dublin to the border with northern ireland takes us off the highway to show us the border it's barely noticeable. so now it's. and we're in northern ireland and as you can see we've crossed and it's a pretty seamless route to what we're from here don't you go we've seen
a notice of the burning north divide and sort of diverting all the time and the only way you can tell is by the difference in the road markings and the road signs and pretty much this is how it is once you need the high with the whole way to the border the border don't you go all over three hundred fifty kilometers and. here the border is actually visible it looks like a memorial site it's supposedly the only place where old border facilities still exist. they're going to have to come to life in some form or other just going to be controllers whether people like it or not the notion that you can leave this whole highway open with no controls as the back door to the you is just it's just an honor no matter what the british think there's going to be customs presence here and of course was present here we're going to have paperwork i had trucks in switzerland literally on paperwork and expense was a nightmare and the swiss have been our neighbors for over fifty years since the inception of the you so you would think they would have a down there down to a fine art but it was anything but a fine art it was difficult and it was time consuming and it was troublesome and the border closer glance from saturday. hundreds of mid-sized companies will have
to contend with the consequences of bricks it. engineering is one of them the company's ten employees produce steel and other metal machine parts. jerry macintyre founded the company twenty five years ago he's worried that bricks it could mean the company won't survive. like this project that's all here's a cast on a minium lines as castling when the call made by it's so important here i am ashamed of for them their fix of two holes of rubber holds the six quarter of all over the war. and as a judgment here it is ninety five percent of the materials even i use coming through in the middle of a farming. today's workday is over. but nobody knows if the company will have to fold after bricks it. many irish are frustrated as modernism saw on the sadness force yes sadness you know my whole life stayed up
in this and all. the madness is because somebody was to say that the euro will be heavily penalized you know and we feel like you know once again the book is only for the british government is holding us to ransom. nobody consulted the irish before voting for breck's it even though they might pay the highest price economically and politically. it's been more than twenty years since homosexuality was to criminalized in russia yet it is believed to be one of the hardest countries in europe for gay people to live in surveys reveal that much of the russian public endorse criminal prosecution of lesbians and gays and that many people consider homosexuality to be a disease if they demonstrate for their rights i seen here in st petersburg it usually doesn't take long before the security services crack down on them swiftly
and severely. our correspondent your château met a young woman in st petersburg who shared her very personal story of what it was like to come out as a lesbian to her parents. before they ran around shouting stupid lesbian and told me to drop dead they attacked me out of sheer hate. thanks. while dancing i met people with whom i felt comfortable with. what's in store most of them are either bisexual or lesbian that gives me a feeling of freedom. or the. moment when i
told my mother she cried a lot on the block a little longer no look at the bushel. it was a shock you could do something which honestly i even felt a certain physical aversion. to the machine should lose my god my daughter's a freak a monster. or something unpleasant any rate you. and what should i tell other people. there are a few who must never find out not under any circumstances. i can see she wants to understand me but can't her generation was raised in the soviet era. with a lot of it's interesting that it's one time we were on holiday in greece there were some pilgrims by a monastery. suddenly one woman fell to her knees and crawled to the monastery. perhaps it was a ritual so god would help heal a sick family member then i thought if someone told me crawling on my knees would
make my daughter well again i do it it will. last let that i get to the russian reaction is brutal. some parents want to disown their children and throw them out of the house. an acquaintance was almost killed by her father he beat her violently with. my classmates found out when i was fourteen they spit at me hit me whacked me on the head with a full backpack humiliated and insulted me. just because i was an utter despair. all i did was cry i thought my life was over. the board at. homosexuality is viewed as something dishonorable here society takes an aggressive stance against it when i
know i can't handle it anymore i'll probably leave the country. and i just want to pity you. they keep their children out of school and beat them more than twenty times a day yet they're allowed to live peacefully unchallenged in the czech republic the controversial religious sect the twelve tribes left neighboring bavaria after charges of child abuse saw police placed seven of their children with foster families they have now quietly were settled just over the border in the sleepy czech town of skala. just behind the czech german border lies the czech town of school now it's a century for the christian fundamentalist twelve tribes sect scorners mayor finds nothing wrong with that. it would be problematic if
they tried to tell or convince others to live like them but to my knowledge that's not the case. this twelve tribes propaganda video advertises the sex principles of parenting it openly supports physically punishing and beating children. why is fathers use a sin use of read to keep their offspring on the right path. the twelve tribes sect was taken to court for child abuse in germany where it was previously based. all but apply or used to be a member of the sect for twenty years then he left because he didn't want to use corporal punishment on his kids. government why couldn't keep living like that i had to get myself and my kids out of there. like inside the sect was cruel
as this undercover footage from a t.v. journalist from several years ago documents. back then the twelve tribes was still based in southern germany. before going into corporal punishment i'm sure a child might get slapped now and then but for children to be regularly beaten twenty or twenty five times a day no one's ever admitted that the holes in. player could take it no more and then a police investigation began leading to one of the sects teachers receiving a two year sentence for child abuse after which the twelve tribes opted to leave germany. we wanted to meet the sect in scorn or to find out if they change their ways our interview request was ignored so we traveled there anyway and did manage to speak to one of its members. he
expressed his surprise at our request when we insist that we spoke to a colleague of his the day before he only offers that we send him a list of our questions he refuses to answer any of our questions on the spot. the twelve tribes don't want to give a public statement to talk school news residents have heard rumors about the sect but they remain tolerant. i don't mind them they've done nothing to offend me they go to work and they have every right to live their lives like anyone else. i met some of them at a playground and we started chatting about their face and so on. that one of the something is that i've got a problem or them are kind of strange that they never come outside i don't know what to make of them you know. we talk to scold us priests people to live now to
see what he thinks of the controversial sect he said he was shocked when he first heard about them. then reagan's borgs bishop reassured him the twelve tribes cause no trouble and then people to leave no told us they're doing everything to fit into the local community. yet to know their view. one time i didn't know why they walked around school with plastic bags in their hands. who calmness but someone from the town i think it was a mayor told me they wanted to do something for the local town they live in. who do not need soap. so they decided to clean the rubbish off the streets every friday. that's what the sect's founder briggs
always said you should get out there collect rubbish and then people will hold you in high esteem. propaganda methods like these distract people from what's really happening inside. and it's working in school no nobody's asking questions about what's going on inside the sect and that. was a problem in germany as well for far too long. the twelve tribes sect are active worldwide. from the field to the plate vegetables should be grown and sold locally say environmentalist's and if possible without gaining too many food miles experts said this is not only good for the environment but preserves vitamins but is this even possible in the middle of a large and bustling city like london agricultural pioneers who grow vegetables and herbes fair say yes and in a place that had
a completely different purpose some seventy years ago thirty three meters below the ground. fresh greens are not the first thing that come to mind while walking through london's concrete jungle but in the district of clapham thirty three meters underground it's a sea of green. overhead the two brussels past underneath herbs sprout fennel coriander and broccoli are growing in this old world war two bomb shelter now it's found a new purpose thanks to steven during and his partners at growing underground. they use their green thumbs and infrared lamps to create a feast for the taste buds where possible they employ energy saving eligard with the nutrient solution you need to control the environment and that's exactly what we do doing here we have control over the heat over the light over the watering regime over the humidity so we can provide the plants exactly what they want twenty four seven three hundred sixty five days
a year and they can be delivered to local restaurants or markets within four hours of being harvested so they taste fresh but they cost no more than conventionally grown veggies. after three years they expect to be in the black soon with more and more people living in cities it's a global concept that works locally. we're looking at additional sites within the u.k. come to grow light in the next eighteen months and we're right there i didn't find so it's across so play by us europe and asia as well say. it's what you're through that breakeven point and you prove the model but what do folks up here think about the stuff grown down below on the ground was amazing. well. i love the country and you know the way they see it they say happiness but i don't know whether people would say even the idea of things being in a more natural environment. the underground gardeners aim to convince with the
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new and surprising aspects of noise and culture in germany. us american keep music takes a look at germany idiosyncracies at their traditions every day lives and language i can just come out of my lungs and so i'm young good. looking guy i'm going to be w. dot com the germans. but i'm wondering if you know i mean in your monotonous he. goes oh no there's this in the. us all up with out about our. vision of getting. it on what it. is you know i mean in your monotonous incline you know what an uppercase on a moment to notice. what employees i mean because you know what i'm with what an
organizer and of what is a term. is you know i mean in your minorities ingrown you are getting what a guy i don't want to. me number one and unanimous. the show could go because as you've read yes it's a. question on who's going to what i've only said that i thought of going on with her being funded. by mckinsey it is as if the. us president donald trump has officially recognized jerusalem as israel's capital in the white house he said the move was a recognition of reality that would allow the peace process to move forward before the announcement foreign leaders had worn.