tv Eco-at- Africa - The Environment Magazine Deutsche Welle January 5, 2018 5:30am-6:01am CET
the world from different perspectives. join us and inspired by distinctive instagram or others at g.w. stories new topics each week on instagram. with different languages we fight for different things that's fine but we all stick up for freedom freedom of speech and freedom of press. giving freedom of choice global news that matters d. w. made for minds. hello and welcome to the latest edition of eco at africa the environment magazine
brought to you by d w t v. my name is sound money coming to you from kenya's capital often nairobi and joining us is my colleague and he in my area hello in. thank you sharon and hello everyone. we're coming to you from the live fasi park in lagos nigeria welcome sit back and relax for the next half hour or thereabout i will bring you the latest on environment topics from africa and europe this is what we have coming up today in tanzania donkeys are still being stolen and killed farmers and animals welfare campaign is all around then a shipyard in germany is building guess what fully functional green both renewable materials and incentive go we meet women using paul to earn money and provide light to the avenue. but first let's stop the show here in nairobi kenya has joined its neighbor rwanda in banning the sale of plastic bags and other
plastic products but that doesn't mean an end to plastic waste in every round nairobi an estimated two hundred fifty tonnes of plastic generated every day it's come to recycled in different ways now i just can't entrepreneurial in the kenyan capital has found a way of timing the west into fuel. plastic litter this dump site counting. every canyons generates four million tons of garbage. to see one juror who is a moderate for school the children. collecting waste helps an income. like come here to collect plastic with my friends. this job helps me pay for school fees. everything.
on an average day lucy and others collect about twelve tons of plastic waste from the site. a truck takes today's bounty to the alternative energy system factory in thicker. here the plastic waste will be processed into diesel founder kent opened this facility in june twenty seventh. we decided to embark on a bio diesel project where. the new wife named approval it became abundantly clear that unless we are able to create a value hole out of the way we would not succeed with a project that led me to investigation all the way through energy technologies bringing in britain which is where i found this particular technology for every
twelve tons of plastic the facility produces seven thousand liters of oil. it's a process that involves many steps. first the plastic is shredded. after that it gets heated to remove the moisture. then the material is fed into a reactor where it goes through a process called thermal cracking the extreme heat changes the molecular structure of the plastic and turns the solid material into a liquid. this oil has the same properties as industrial diesel oil. getting customers to understand the complicated took knology was challenging at first. our greatest challenge has been in the marketing of oil and. time for people to be convinced our oil is a substitute for. diesel. the diesel oil made from plastic can be used to power
plants and industrial further and still manufacture prime still uses it to heat the opens the synthetic diesel is more expensive than local petroleum oil but factory owner interior patel is convinced it's worth it using this. is. because we do not take small and here read. it. back to millings. and smokes though the price competition remains fierce kents remains committed to growing his business with millions of tons of plastic discarded every year he hopes his plan will work. now we had to book in a fossil it's one of the wild poorest countries still it is very active in fighting
against climate change for example the country recently inaugurated west africa's biggest fall a power plant our reporter met up with book enough. to minister to get he stake on the current state of the environmentalists. how does climate change affect the kind of fast. enough like all the other countries in the region we are also experiencing the effects of climate change. so is no exception there. involved issues from soil degradation to flooding to pollution. victims of climate disruption. that are going to prevent cinema which measures you have to take to tackle climate change what about it by thought is that. to look at. the situation
in this whole in the northern part of so is that cation is expanding and degradation is progressing quickly. that's what drives population migration. so is engaged in revalue weighting these areas there are a number of projects in the northern part of kenya seeking to maintain populations in areas with soil degradation. what do you expect from the international community in this area but we're not responsible for climate disruption we're suffering from and so we're asking the international community for climate justice and support for developing countries to deal with the consequences some because this is a range of questions questions of adaptation and mitigation but also involving the transfer of technologies to cope with the affects of climate change today we need appropriate technology but we also need to be able to adapt to the book and. in
europe up burkina faso is often viewed as a pioneer in a green technology. how are you trying to make this transition in your country. as a possible signal goes well put i think it involves political commitments at the highest levels for us the president of talking afonso was very involved in the green transition to renewables and the green economy most would want today no matter what they say but kenya still has the highest electricity costs in the region and now the rate of energy coverage in the country is still very low. you don't have many energy really. sources but we have the sun and we think that's a great opportunity for. the president has just inaugurated the largest solar center in western africa exactly.
as a person opportunity we're seeking to combine solar energy with thermal power we won't withdraw completely from thermal energy. we're going to combine the two but you can . the idea is to provide the entire country with electricity. some of the. time there's an important link between poverty and the environment. what do you mean by that move your particle resources invoking afonso our natural resources the environment minister invoking afonso today is called the minister for the environment green business and climate change by choosing green business we want to manage natural resources in a rational and fair way to ensure that they're better distribute it because we're also thinking of future generations looking a first so is convinced that there's a lot left to explore in the environmental sector and that it represents a real opportunity for us because it allows us to create new jobs and generate
income for our population. and i popular so. they're all the best with that and then we move on to the. open and but in fact they are. that made of glass fiber. plastic that's uses lots of oil. has found a way to make more environmentally friendly boats. yes he claims that his boats made up ninety percent renewable materials like uncork i'm a bit skeptical about these boats. conventional ones but let's go take
a look at these. the materials being cut here in the green boats workshop the mostly from nature things like cork and paper the boats protective coating gets a finishing soak in a resin linseed oil mixture although some mineral oil is still indispensable for now. as soon as it's hardened it's environmentally friendly you could even eat off it. before the individual components have reacted with each other and i wouldn't recommend that. more than seventy five percent of this lightweight one person sailing dinghy consists of renewable materials the top is made of flax plant fiber also used in linen clothing. predicts diamond tells us that flax is lightweight and sturdy just like the way or of paper honeycomb beneath. the plants . it's moistens and then stretched so that it really gets this honeycomb structure
sort of. a piece of paper honeycomb is always used where something has to be both extremely lightweight and super rigid basically only in sport boats the the associated risk is that if it's damaged the water can get in and. that's why the boat's gunwales are insulated with water resistant cork the green banty's hole is made entirely of course. it's seven and a half meters long the yards largest model to date. for the past two seasons it's been put through its paces like here on lake constance in south germany as sixty eight thousand euros it's somewhat more expensive than boats but with traditional materials but then it's environmentally friendly and the outer hole is just as durable as standard fiberglass reinforced plastic holds. it's an interest shared by researchers in the biological materials group but to
blame the university of applied sciences. this whole segment is undergoing a stress test it shows that the composite made of flex and cork is extremely durable. on this and that's why you have a dust even under tremendous pressure as ship's hole would not fracture it would only deformed someone to do some part of it knocks it out and we test materials such as flax hempel work enough for bending we find that in terms of density they have better characteristics than fiberglass composites when it comes to defamation or bearing. on time. but for that you need special breeds of plants like this flax with extremely sturdy fibers. you can even make skis with them less diophantus and when they're in then they spring back into shape really well on the. green votes they're convinced the future belongs to natural fibers even if they're
like diamonds still relies on a mineral oil component for the top coat rather than purely organic resin. those kinds of resins are very hard to work with they're very sensitive to moisture and they're not really very durable. and that means there's a danger that when a boat's been in the water for a number of years big could start to rot. there's not a trace of rock on the green and it's set to sail the coming season as well it won't be one of a kind for much longer clearly plans to build five more of this model in twenty eighteen. and now. doing your bit this time we're in west africa to be precise in senegal community there relatively little
electricity but plenty of sun in other parts of africa people here have the idea of harvesting the solar energy to provide household with small amounts of electricity and thanks to the financial dividends some communities yes indeed have made. a friendly business out of the venture let's take a look at how the. lack of electricity is a major problem in senegal. less than a third of the rural population has access to it. and n.g.o.s and the women of the young have come up with a solution. solar energy kids. almost one hundred people in the region have already bought solar lamps. and those who can't afford them can get
micro credits or pay in installments. some villages got together to buy a fridge. and now make a living selling cold drinks with. other sports solar energy kits so the children can do their homework in the evening. new sources of income better education thanks to green energy. do you like that. if you are also doing your bit tell us about it. visit our website or send us a tweet. hash tag doing your bit we share your story.
many areas in africa are drying out in the style region deserts and courting at an alarming rate on the communities and ideas one of the nation's most at risk we'll never know if it's not on state of the front line of the certification experts say the sahara is moving southward i don't know alarming rate where in the village of gandhi in the far north of nigeria it's not far from the sahara desert is advancing south wards at an estimated six hundred meters but. it's already started encroaching on gandhi and surrounding. this village is home to day here the farmer has spent his entire life here he tells us he's worried about the growing threat from the deserts in the north and his annual harvest is dwindling year after year. has sunk. just
politically last year four hundred. bucks how many of you think you got the upper limit in the. twenty five percent over the last years. the i'm quoting is more than this and you are just certain that what. you can be able to. say one time you would moan and that it is going to show you how that is important and when. at least it is more than. three kilometers and really. the farm hires herdsman to graze their cattle on his land so he can collect them and we'll look at life and he's doing more to ward of the deserts. we in the us the most affluent ten. pounds just to reduce the
level. and you see all these name to these affluent. nigeria has been fighting the cation for decades the government has a special budget for forestry programs and has planted two hundred kilometers of tree barriers in recent years. every year we ensure that plantation takes place throughout the year we don't just plant trees during the rainy season even during the dry season we get trees the cluster of trees are planted at designated locations to hold back the desert weems that carry the sand but residents of many rural communities continue to cut down trees to use the wood for charcoal burning desertification displaces communities and threatens people's livelihoods it's estimated that nigeria loses more than five billion dollars
a year as a result. more sustainable solutions are needed to successfully hold back the advancing desert and the destruction it causes. and now into a more disheartening topic poaching in africa but not the well known illegal trade in ivory or rhino horn another species surprisingly threatened by themes and hunters donkeys why is that so shot. well duncan skin is very often used in asia for example to produce medical and beauty products demand is huge so no wonder that some farmers are losing that donkeys to and that's where one animal welfare organization comes in to help the donkey is their own that. this is my papaw in central tens and. hundreds of donkeys have been stolen here in the past month the mona family has also lost two they found the remains
a few kilometers away and the bushes poisoned and skinned. minute outside i'm up and i'm a big donkey skin this french between one hundred fifty and one hundred eighty thousand shillings that's up to eighty dollars so donkeys are being stolen or killed. this is a big problem for the whole community here. don't these are desert animals perfectly adapted to the hot dry climate and their use has little impact on the environment as pack animals they're very valuable to farming communities simon pope is from the u.k. based animal welfare organization that don't sanctuary the british activist is investigating and recording what's happening here donkeys he says are disappearing across africa many countries fear that entire populations could be lost within just a few years you know we hear the term than in don't use our ending up in the avatar
in kenya they still don't need to peer into around. the reason for the rapid decline is each hour a traditional chinese medicine made of substances extracted from donkey hides. a kilo of it sells for over three hundred euros. each oh is an ingredient in a wide range of beauty products it's said to stop wrinkles for example. africa's don't keep population is a key target for the skin trade thousands of animals are slaughtered there every day together with partners in tanzania and other african countries the donkey sanctuary wants to put an end to the gruesome business so really what we're trying to do is try to get the case studies tell us stories about the videos you've been affected as a way of putting pressure on not just on the governments but on. the good people internationally to be able to and create better both protect you know actually the
whole detroit. many farmers are now trying to sell their donkeys even below market value as they fear losing the animals to gangs of thieves and women in particular suffer when their animals are stolen they often depend on donkeys to fetch water or transport goods to market. in an attempt to protect its animals and farmers tens anea has finally banned the trade but experts say that's just driven it underground and that it's now organized by the same networks that smuggle rhino horn and ivory . pope is heading to the site of a donkey avatar not far from douma it supposedly had to close down after the ban. these images were taken earlier this year at the facility was still up and running . over for years up to five hundred donkeys were slaughtered here every day the offer was buried
a local animal welfare organization says that poisoned the soil and polluted groundwater in the area. but when he arrives this time pope isn't allowed out of the car is the site still active after all. but we've arrived here i think imagining that this was going to be a pretty much abandoned but it was something. with the door we can just push and go in and i can instead what we find is it is still go on god's on the on the gate. the officials of the spoken to here are extremely nervous. but a very very. reticent to allow us to go in a basically told us we hope. so if you are kind of out of all those different places together. pretty. despondent if you like this something is going on in there which shouldn't be going on involving don't. you know who now tells us a middle man made him an offer for the families to remain in donkeys he was willing
to pay eighty dollars although the trade is officially banned in tanzania donkeys are still disappearing here in large numbers. and i hope the advocacy groups in the government will continue with initiatives to ban the trade in the country because otherwise we face more losses and soon we won't be able to do our work here . the locals are starting to build fenced compounds to keep the animals safe at night but if the ban is not strictly enforced and the sector remains unregulated donkeys will continue to be slaughtered in the bush and exported illegally in the long run making life worse for thousands of families. how cruel and unnecessary i hope this table trade will be ended soon and so africa and you know p. and johnny draws to a lot of here today i do hope you've enjoyed the show a few again next time and buy from nairobi. for morning could africa you could
victims. and attempts to free them. i was afraid they'd kill me if i ran away. forced workers in russia in fifteen minutes long d.w. . was. probably will not succeed in dividing us about not succeeding taking the people off the streets because we're tired of this dictatorship. taking the stand global news that matters. they live to sir. danger lurks in the water we were the only a lot surfing into waste and and polluted water not only being the witness but the thing being victims i mean with you troubles all gastric troubles. basically this a sort of well as long as the backup of all as you roll out is off
a shelf. is only decent it's sad to go somewhere every day and see more and they have probably time sort of assumed gives me everything with the waves the wind i have to give something back to my field of line just missing too many other of us are just. point waves surfers fighting against unseen pollution the sea starting january seventh on t w. this is a fifteen year old girl. being gang raped. the teacher is beating a boy for talking back and class. for the rest of the class watches. and here is told first been killed by his mother breaking a collapse. as child sleeps in the streets because her family through iran.
hear. online bullying. pushes a teenager over the edge. just because you can see violence against children doesn't mean others and there are make the invisible visible of us might violence against children disappear. north and south korea have agreed to hold their first formal talks in more than two years next tuesday the dialogue will focus on the upcoming winter olympics in the south and how to improve overall ties the announcement came hours after donald trump and south korean president moon j n agreed in