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tv   Close up - The Limits of Europe - The EU and the Refugee Crisis  Deutsche Welle  January 10, 2018 4:15am-4:46am CET

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love god. in twenty seven take more than one hundred fifty thousand refugees and migrants crossed into europe mostly via the mediterranean to italy but the greek islands also saw new arrivals if they were prepared for anything nothing's changed here more than three thousand people died trying to make it the others ended up in so-called reception centers as they did we feel like animals are not human there's no italy and greece can all cope with the influx of refugees the e.u. is also at a loss. there's no notion that this is a joint european responsibility doesn't open the e.u. shouldn't provide cash it needs internal structures instead the u.s. making controversial deals with third party states like you the heads of government are trying to seal off the european union to stop if possible any refugees reaching the e.u. one. europe is divided over how to deal with the crisis now the force of the idea
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of solidarity remains a difficult issue why can't the e.u. get the refugee crisis under control. on the greek island of samar side join frank roberts he and his team from the german federal police have been patrolling the waters between greece and turkey for the european border agency frontex and when it comes to it saving lives. what are you expecting when you set off their own group of paid for anything that's nothing strange here the still people smuggling in migrant boats arriving. if we see an old. frank rocket he switches off the lights so people smugglers can spot his vessel the greek liaison officer is also on board
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a radio message comes in almost straight away that. works better for her passport right. here and right here back in the back. maybe this is a turkish coast guard with it operating closed or border and picking up some migrants. who tell him we are on the way. charlie we have to assist there sawyer they have a boat with migrants and need our help the a so it is a ship manned by portuguese police also working for frontex and we've just had a call to say that the portuguese patrol boat which is also part of the operation here i discovered a boat with migrants but somehow the turkish coast guard is also involved when heading over there to see what's up the portuguese of us this for assistance of the people to look at them would be in march twenty sixth the turkish coast guard also
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boosted its presence in the waters between turkey and the greek islands to intercept refugees and migrants before they reach europe and put off i was trying to follow suit but with. this one what is going on right now is no i'm talking just one more week to reach. the one where john navigation lights the dark. now the lights of the other boats have also come into signs of a sort of vessel up front there are three of those on the it is the other one a migrant boat i'd say so yeah it's being lit up like a lawyer did not. believe it will go in front of it that at last. election offered me a rather dinky crammed full of refugees. it has reached greek want has their own so children of all the police are trying to avert a disaster but the refugees surrounded by police boats become panic stricken down
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with the sec calls for the treacherous cliffs. you know holding up their children. it's partly dangerous for them to land. that they're not stopping. for those that their mother tell them were german yes they should stop the boat it's not simple stop the balkans i'm falcon's i don't want any it's i should stop you know he's going to i'm not going. for the refugees it's hard to tell exactly which coast guard bed dealing with. they will stop but they aren't dangerous they come to the cliffs. that you're caught. off and. we walk away you know we are on. last night you're
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on. not. enough to stop it's getting too shallow. many refugees can't swim and i can see the cliffs in the dark the police officers don't understand why and shouting. but what happens when they when they are. on the rocks and say i'm barking ok we're just going and watch them you know i cannot go and you close up to the goals and does the work i know this well also so what you don't believe we have we have to watch them and. otherwise we have to do it first cliff rescue operation if there are some of them in the water. there's a harbor entrance yet although i hope it's a harbor you know what they're like. so this is a hotel or something like this. we have to also
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take care of them that they don't jump into the water. the refugees reach europe via the hotel beach terrace. to the third share novenas. they thought we were going to grab them and drive them back to turkey. i don't know who tells me such nonsense and they believe it could putting their lives in danger. just something about another climbing up there in storming the hotel. we've lit up their cars with searchlights so that they can land safely and no one dies in the process but now the boat has disappeared and the people to make. we've just radioed our colleagues from the frontex land border patrol and. we've told them to pick up the people and bring them to safety. or is it going to be quick quick.
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one on one because this is really necessary. for now the refugees journey has ended in a camp near some os town and the e.u. pressure greece has created so-called hot spots on the islands to process new arrivals this is where the asylum applications are a sassed in march twenty sixth in turkey and the e.u. signed a controversial deal according to which ankara agreed to take back anyone who had managed to cross into europe from turkey it's led to a significant drop in newcomers the number of new arrivals fell from over two hundred thousand in october twenty fifteen to under two thousand in march twenty seventeen but since july they've been on the rise again. this camp was intended to accommodate eight hundred but by late september twenty seventeen it housed two thousand four hundred we are refused access no one here wants the film teams to recall the chaos down of the harbor i meet refugees who complain about conditions
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in the camp. our situation is difficult down here we see how good life can be but up there it's like a prison. we feel like wild animals not humans you should come and see the children freeze at night and we can't get any blankets for them while. the tiny tents don't protect us from the sun in the cold at night there are four of us showing a blanket. and there's often no water but. the un refugee agency confirm that blankets are not being properly distributed that water supplies are frequently interrupted for hours aid workers are. concerned about outbreaks of infectious diseases the photographs of the camp well as give me show families with small children also living in tents and makeshift shelters in twenty fifteen the e.u. pledged to help greece and italy the plan was to redistribute some ninety eight
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thousand asylum seekers among other e.u. member states but well under a third of that number had actually been relocated by autumn twenty seventeen the greeks feel let down and have barely drawn on extra e.u. funds to expand the camps and improve conditions most greek island as opposed to bigger and more permanent facilities they don't see why they should shoulder the e.u.'s refugee problem alone his local man no longer believes the relocation system will be implemented. the islands of the north edgy and cannot stand anymore the have hot spots because accommodation fabric which is a condition so i call it is doctors administration. guard policeman i think that some member states are covered or marks behind the situation and not accepting if you g.'s not fulfilling.
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but they will sign. a strain just over a kilometer wind separates the greek island some off from turkey in twenty sixteen the turkish coast guard intercepted almost forty thousand refugees and took them back to turkey part of the deal between brussels and ankara i want to find out how refugees are being treated in turkish camps. i'm given access to a facility that chancellor merkel visited a model camp funded by the e.u. but i'm not allowed to speak freely to the refugees instead the turkish authorities introduced me to a syrian couple who have been living here in container accommodation with their three children for the last five years. so. i used to work in construction or syria as an electrician and there's a lot of building going on in turkey at the moment have also found work as an electrician here. and we have a good life air we have everything we need. we're not lacking anything that's
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a school in a kindergarten for our children from brussels has promised to transfer a total of six billion euros to turkey to help the three point five million refugees there as well as money europe is offered in exchange deal turkey takes back any asylum seekers who get to greece in return for each syrian return to turkey europe has promised to accept an additional syrian from turkey however by autumn twenty seventeen the e.u. had officially resettled some eleven thousand people from turkey while only two hundred sixteen had been sent back and greece saw twenty one thousand new arrivals . and human rights organizations continue to oppose the return of asylum seekers and refugees to a country where they say they can't be given effective protection but in late september the greek supreme court upheld a ruling that turkey was a safe country allowing forcible returns activists say that this is a breach of their right to apply for asylum in the e.u.
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the deal only creates losers says turkish professor of medicine chairman ted see who helps refugees wanting to leave turkey. believe the deal between the e.u. and turkey has turned turkey into an open prison. under ten percent of refugees are housed in counts. most refugee children don't attend school and that hinders women from integrating into society. most adults in fact they don't speak any turkish at all. if they do find a job most don't have any kind of legal protection pension rights or insurance that . they are quite simply being exploited. children. until twenty sixteen you arrivals and people smugglers met openly in the bassman a district of his mere bad since the e.u. turkey deal this is the end of the line for thousands of syrians adnan child has sent his family were stranded. here after fleeing the war in syria
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a family of five now live in an old shack. you know the welcome to our home. this is where we sleep if ten the couch into three beds the others sleep on the fuel and use the cushions as their mattress. we live in a small apartment it's the will of allah and that is our kitchen. their son tomorrow also lives here like the rest of the family he was traumatized by the war and fears he was the victim of a poison gas attack. or three that i don't work here i sit around because i got a bad hand. of them why did you go to the doctors. yes but i only have a paper id i don't have
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a proper id card the doctor told me that i had to wait until i had one otherwise he wouldn't get paid honest i. was there but no one can tell jumar when his documents when i arrive at least his sister cafe has found a job she helps out in a clothing factory. in some soup of telstra no one is supporting and soon i can't do it alone. as soon as my son is old enough i'll find him a job he'll have to help. for me it's already clear that my someone go to school to work as soon as he's a bit older told me. the answer is no matter how much my daughter works she can't earn enough to support us all because. she shows me just how many tablets are husband has to take. we want to go to another country where the boy and his father will get treatment. the e.u. turkey deal was intended to provide
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a breathing space so long term solutions could be found but in turkey the agreement to spark despair among refugees and in greece has sparked anger and chaos. the german government's plan was largely the brainchild of think tank founder get out klaus. does ashdown that the most astonishing thing about this crisis from the outset was help orton european institutions panicked and made pledges only as a result of pressure from the public and extremely high statistics or. just want to look like the crisis might be under control again in the moment interest in solving concrete problems seem to start when you get in the moment. the problem is that we currently have in principle an unreformed only with silent and border system that we now have an equal border and coast guard agency but we still lack the ability to quickly process asylum applications and we have the dublin system which basically
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means that everyone who arrives in greece has to stay there and that provides little incentive for the greek authorities to improve the conditions for refugees and if you. even tyria ministers have been squabbling over reforms to the dublin regulation for well over a year now it's stipulates that the e.u. state on which asylum seekers first set foot has to process their asylum claims at the e.u. interior ministers conference in october i asked the german interior minister why asylum seekers are not being relocated to all member states. but i know you are trying to negotiate a new asylum system for over a year why the lack of progress now through force of. solidarity continues to be a tricky issue and it's important that the refugees who are allocated to a certain european state don't simply move to another country because the conditions might be better. because of that secondary migration and we have to make
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more headway there and that's the form i still aim to wrap things up as soon as possible one of the heads of government have given us until the end of twenty seventeen and to make headway. have some months we're also striving for that but substance is more important than speech. i'm going to get all fortunately about but instead of cast your feet on the greek islands why is she doing anything this is the next i'll fall that's primarily a job for the greek authorities and if greece needs support they'll get it off and . everyone just shifts the blame on to the outputs against the e.u. commissioner for migration dimitris i've provided european interior ministers with proposals on how to rig. in the common asylum system back in twenty sixteen the idea is to redistribute asylum seekers across all member states but the greek e.u. official was unable to push through this pan-european solution and his country is unable to cope alone i mean by the situation of other refugees on the greek
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island is horrible again mr jim is yes that this is a problem of greece if you write it it is true to say that the minister of migration the fault is that there is a warning increase of rivals during the last two weeks even so the numbers. what's happening in italy so we want support we want to help. the present so the will to go to willing to contribute to finding a solution because the eager turkey statement to do continue. as it is happening in the last that one year in the hope so politicians are still clinging to the deal with ankara does that mean it should serve as a blueprint for agreements with other third party states. italy summer twenty seventeen the german frigate mecklenburg for common made an unscheduled stop in the
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sicilian town of august are on board refugees from libya rescued by the german armed forces whose real mission it is to arrest people smugglers instead they've come across the most vulnerable people of all children. up or not there are almost one hundred men from we only have five women with us and just over fifty children who are traveling alone king novel fun of hostility a line of eyes. fifty unaccompanied minors yes is that is that a new experience or is it normal to find so many children traveling alone can and the wars that followed of. course that it was one in principle it's something you can expect to encounter. but i have to say that these children are always passed along from one adult to the next but they don't have any proper relatives or parents with them just of the eyes of a bike they have to deal with the migrant problem alone italy approached libya's un
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recognized government and offered to help it build up a coast guard which would return migrants to libyan soil could lead to a drop in new arrivals. from the dominant media over recent months and years we've seen the situation here change with every season. it's very dynamic we know we cannot depend on the situation remaining stable much today we're expecting a lot of refugees and over the last few days seven hundred people were picked up by the libyan coast guard and returned to libya that they're going to go to either jordan they come from senegal chad congo nigeria and ivory coast very few have a realistic chance of being granted asylum nonetheless most will remain in italy for a long time many don't have passports making people taishan practically impossible . some seventy five percent of all migrants and refugees arriving in the e.u.
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in twenty seventeen came to italy via libya in the sicilian city of palermo i meet a group of refugees from somalia they relieved to have escaped the horrors of libya but it appears that you make a libya for me. the bad time for my life in the thousands before i miss somebody and there's war. there is killing for if we did a some like that but there's no one who could lobby you i stood for you for money you know a big you. doing what out with the fantasy just like nancy and sometimes do if you don't pay for them and. the you has banked italy's initiative to help libya intercept the refugees but while the situation in italy has eased chaos and despair have increased in north africa. cicely's biggest refugee camp carminow now has spec
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a passerby. palermo's man has frequently stood up for the rights of refugees in the past. he blames the agreement with libya on european ignorance for. the robot of europe have to show solidarity with you and if it isn't about solid hours i thought i'd ask myself what europe stands for if the e.u. doesn't define itself through the recognition of human rights as one of the then it's just a financial union. and if it's just a financial union i don't need an a plus you're pretty i'd rather expel states from the e.u. they don't respect the rights of migrants and send migrants away if you notice but we did it when you go. in june twenty seventeen a un report once again highlighted the fact that migrants were being subject to
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grave human rights abuses in libya including executions torture deprivation of food and water and encipherment. nonetheless italy continues to pursue the agreement with libya and even got backing from the european heads of state in government. they met with opposition from some members of the european parliament who wanted an internal european solution for the problem i spoke to the co-chair of the greens in the european parliament scott keller and asked her the reason for this approach. starts unlike you and says the heads of state and government are trying to seal off the european union to stop any refugees getting in on its dressed up as tackling the root causes of the problem but the refugees still exist they just don't get as far as you're honest but end up stranded in lebanon or turkey or wherever we are working with third party states to prevent them from getting here in. the real
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crisis began in twenty fifteen and still nothing has happened in what's your view on that and us at the heart we've just voted in favor of a report that proposes a radical rethink the parliament is calling for a fair redistribution of refugees across all member states all member states have to take part and of course it's very important to consider existing family ties for example to help with integration i find ticky and cut the parliament has decided but why have no resolutions been passed to the stuff that we've clearly got a massive problem in the national seats of government european migration policy is languishing because member states aren't prepared to work together and show solidarity with one another and with the refugees with people seeking protection for to fifty as mature so when mention. decisive action is needed from european heads of government to forge a new e.u. migration policy they've been looking for solutions for well over
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a year but countries like poland and hungary still refuse to accept asylum seekers from italy or greece so euro skeptic governments are calling the shots in brussels . at the used to rector a general for migration and home a fast. civil servants are quietly working behind the scenes seeking solutions that all member states can agree to what's the main sticking point i ask the head of the directorate materials we tell. them is the here and we have to make sure that those really in need of protection get that protection so it's the second thing that all migrants who have no right to stay in your own they start to port it. so we could food but thirdly that we exploit the great possibilities of posting illegal migration you got so on the first or isn't there a danger that precisely those countries who haven't shown solidarity in the past will determine the pace of migration policy wisdom of mr. that's why as far
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solidarity goes it will probably have to build compromise as so that ideally all or at least the great number of member states will be able to agree to them. and and if the currently it's like trying to align a rubik's cube i think that we've now got all the pieces lined up and ready to turn in the right direction. but we need the right backing from our bosses. in the thing working even for those on the sets because that's very haven't got that. we don't have much for most of them but i'd like to get it from a few others guns going off on partner. at the meeting in brussels on oct twenty seventh team the big question of how europe should deal with refugees in the future remains unanswered heads of government were only able to agree on short term assistance for example in supporting italy's deal with libya the president of the
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e.u. council justified the slim pickings because of europe's need to remain united. we have tough going to get it over this question about migration and. many of the films are lifted the you know the. great prime minister the last straw. for. this day libya authorities at this early leaders decided to come back to the issue of dublin the reform. with a view of the region. in the first half of twenty eight and they would like to state very clearly that. if. the go the end of european union growth in fact our most important. blocked by national interests be e.u. is unable to make headway instead it has postponed
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a decision once again and refugees are paying the price. the fast pace of life in the digital world shifts as the lowdown on the web showing new developments and providing useful information on the wheaties finds and interviews with makers and users. next on d w. they make a commitment they find solutions. they inspire. africa
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