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tv   Close up - The Limits of Europe - The EU and the Refugee Crisis  Deutsche Welle  January 10, 2018 10:15am-10:45am CET

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long gone bottom up in twenty seven take more than one hundred fifty thousand refugees and migrants crossed into europe mostly by the mechitza rainier to italy but the greek islands also saw new arrivals their struggles were prepared for anything as nothing's changed here more than three thousand people died trying to make it the others ended up in so-called reception scientists his decision and we feel like animals are not human there is no earth it's an increase cannot cope with the influx of refugees you is also at a loss. of speed the there is no notion that this is a joint european responsibility does an open issue you shouldn't provide cash it needs internal struggles instead the e.u. is making controversial deals with third party states like you in the heads of government are trying to seal off the european union to stop if possible any refugees reaching the e.u. one. europe is divided over how to deal with the crisis now force us to the idea of
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solidarity remains a difficult issue as to why can't the e.u. get the refugee crisis under control. on the greek island of samar side join frank rockety and his team from the german federal police have been patrolling the waters between greece and turkey for the european border agency frontex and when it comes to it saving lives. what are you expecting when you set off this turnaround we're prepared for anything that's nothing's changed here the still people smuggling and migrant boats arriving . well we see it all. frank rockety switches off the light so people smugglers can spot his vessel the greek liaison officer is also on board
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a radio message comes in almost straight away for. better or for right. back or. maybe this is a turkish coast guard with an operating closed border and picking up some migrants . who thought oh we are on the way. charlie charlie we have to assist there sawyer you have a boat with migrants and need our help be a soyuz is a ship manned by portuguese police also working for frontex we've just had a call to say that the portuguese patrol boat which is also part of the operation here it was discovered a boat with migrants but somehow the turkish coast guard is also involved and we're heading over there to see what's up the portuguese of us this for assistance of a few people to give a little bit in march twenty sixth team the turkish coast guard also boosted its
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presence in the waters between turkey and the greek islands to intercept refugees and migrants before they reach europe and put off i was trying to follow suit but there was this. this one was going back and i was no i'm joking this one moving to greece. but the one where john navigation lights go picked up. now the lights of the other boats have also come in to sign with the start up i said up front there are three under that is the other one a migrant boat i'd say so yeah it's being lit up. believing we'll go in front of it it doesn't look. much and offered. a rubber crammed full of refugees. it has reached greek waters there also children of all the police are trying to avert a disaster but the refugees surrounded by police boats become panic stricken and on
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which he said calls for the treacherous cliffs. card you're holding up their children. as if it's larger dangerous for them to land. that they're not stopping. for those are their mothers tell them we're german yes they should stop the boat it's not simple stop the boat guns i'm falcons i don't want any it's i should stop you're going on i've been. refugees it's hard to tell exactly which coast guard they're dealing with. they won't stop but they endanger if they come to the cliffs. there's a european cars. off the machine. we want to let you know we are on. the last day you're on. top and nothing.
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like this are going to stop it's getting too shallow. many refugees calm swim and i can see the cliffs in the dark the police officers don't understand why and shouting. but what happens when they when they are. on the rocks and say i'm barking ok we're just going to watch them you know i cannot go and you close up to the goals and does the work i know this well the hospital so what's going to be really we have we have to watch them and. otherwise we have to do it first cliff rescue operation if there are some of them in the water. there's a harbor entrance i hope it's a harbor you know what they're like. so this is a hotel or something like this. we have just to
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take care of them that they don't jump into the water. the refugees reach europe via the hotel beach terrace. the. sheer madness. they thought we were going to grab them and drag them back to turkey . i don't know who tells my such nonsense it's and they believe it to get putting their lives in danger. just some of their boat another climbing up there in storming the hotel. that. we've lit up their cars with searchlights so that they can land safely and no one dies in the. dust we've told them to pick up the people and bring them to safety. or is it going to be quick quick. one on one is this really necessary. for now the refugees journey has ended in a camp near some os town and the e.u.
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pressure greece has created so-called hot spots on the islands to process new arrivals this is where the asylum applications are a sad step in march twenty sixth seen turkey and the e.u. signed a controversial deal according to which ankara agreed to take back anyone who had managed to cross into europe from turkey it's led to a significant drop in new comers the number of new arrivals fell from over two hundred thousand in october twenty fifteen two hundred two thousand in march twenty seventeen but since july they've been on the rise again. this camp was intended to accommodate eight hundred but by late september twenty seven hundred it housed two thousand four hundred we are refused access no one here wants the film teams to recall the chaos down of the harbor i meet refugees who complain about conditions in the camp in. the south and the senate our situation is difficult down here
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we see how good life can be but up there it's like a prison we feel like wild animals not humans we should come and see the children freeze at night and we can't get any blankets for them while. the tiny tents don't protect us from the sun in the cold at night there are four of us showing a blanket. and there's often no water but. the u.n. refugee agency confirm that blankets are not being properly distributed and that water supplies are frequently interrupted for hours aid workers are concerned about outbreaks of infectious diseases the photographs the camp well as give me show families with small children also living in tents and makeshift shelters in twenty fifteen b. e.u. pledged to help greece and italy the plan was to redistribute some ninety eight thousand asylum seekers among other e.u. member states but well under a third of that number had actually been relocated by autumn twenty seventeen the
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greeks feel let down and have barely drawn on extra e.u. funds to expand the camps and improve conditions most greek islanders opposed bigger and more permanent facilities they don't see why they should shoulder the e.u.'s refugee problem alone his local man no longer believes the relocation system will be implemented. very eyelets of the know they cannot stand anymore to have what supports because accommodation fabric which is a condition so-called of these doctors administration. guard policeman i think that some member states are covered or marks behind the visions ration. not accepting if you g.'s not fulfilling. the will sign. a straight just over a kilometer wide separates the greek island some off from turkey in twenty sixteen
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the turkish coast guard intercepted almost forty thousand refugees and took them back to turkey part of the deal between brussels and banker i want to find out how refugees are being treated in turkish camps. given access to a facility the chancellor merkel visited a model camp funded by the e.u. but i'm not allowed to speak freely to the refugees instead the turkish authorities introduced me to a syrian couple who have been living here in container accommodation with their three children for the last five years. so. i used to work in construction or syria as an electrician and there's a lot of building going on in turkey at the moment have also found work as an electrician here. i see thanks to them we have a good life here we have everything we need. we're not lacking anything there's a school in a kindergarten for our children. brussels has promised to transfer a total of six billion euros to turkey to help the three point five million
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refugees there as well as money europe is offered in exchange deal turkey takes back any asylum seekers who get to greece in return for each syrian return to turkey europe has promised to accept an additional syrian from turkey however by autumn twenty seventeen the e.u. had officially resettled some eleven thousand people from turkey while only two hundred sixteen had been sent back and greece saw twenty one thousand new arrivals . and human rights organizations continue to oppose the return of asylum seekers and refugees to a country where they say they can't be given effective protection but in late september the greek supreme court upheld the ruling that turkey was a safe country allowing forcible returns activists say that this is a breach of their right to apply for asylum in the e.u. the deal only creates losers says turkish professor of medicine chairman ted c. who helps refugees wanting to leave turkey. we leave the deal between the e.u.
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and turkey has turned turkey into an open prison. under ten percent of refugees are housed in camps. most refugee children don't attend school and that he has women from integrating into society. couldn't most adults in fact don't speak any turkish at all. if they do find a job most don't have any kind of legal protection pension rights or insurance that more than they are quite simply being exploited. children. until twenty sixteen you arrivals and people smugglers made openly in the family were stranded here after fleeing the war in syria a family of five now live in an old shack. but you know these are welcome to our home. this is where we sleep if tend the couch into three beds the others sleep on the floor and use the cushions that's their mattress. we live in
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a small apartment it's the will of allah and that is accusation. their son tomorrow also lives here like the rest of the family he was traumatized by the war and fears he was the victim of a poison gas attack. or three that i don't work here or sit around. because i got a bad hand. of them did you go to the doctors to get them yes but i only have a paper id i don't have a proper id card on the doctor told me that i had to wait until i had one otherwise he wouldn't get paid honest i. was there but no one can tell tomorrow when his documents when i arrive at least his sister cafe has found a job she helps out in
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a clothing factory. in some silk of telstra no one is supporting honestly i can't do it alone. as soon as my son is old enough i'll find him a job he'll have to help for me it's already clear that my someone go to school and he'll work as soon as he's a bit older told me. the answer is no matter how much my daughter works she can't earn enough to support us all because. she shows me just how many tablets a husband has to take the first we want to go to another country where the boy and his father will get treatment for. the e.u. turkey deal was intended to provide a breathing space so a long term solutions could be found but in turkey the agreement to spark despair among refugees and in greece has sparked anger and chaos. the german government's plan was largely the brainchild of think tank founder get called klaus. that's ashdown. the most astonishing thing about this crisis from the outset was held
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orton to european institutions panicked and made pledges only as a result of pressure from the public in extremely high statistics or. just want to look like the crisis might be under control again and in the moment interest in solving concrete problems seem to start when you get in the moment. the problem is that we currently have in principle an unreformed only with silent and border system and that we now have an equal border and coast guard agency but we still lack the ability to quickly process asylum applications that we have the dublin system which basically means that everyone who arrives in greece has to stay there and that provides little incentive for the greek authorities to improve the conditions for refugees but if you think it's a focus on the interior ministers have been squabbling over reforms to the dublin regulation for well over a year now it stipulates that the e.u. state on which asylum seekers first set foot has to process their asylum claims at
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the e.u. interior ministers conference in october i asked the german interior minister why asylum seekers are not being relocated to all member states. but i know you are trying to negotiate a new asylum system for over a year why the lack of progress now to force us to solidarity continues to be a tricky issue and it's important that the refugees who are allocated to a certain european state don't simply move to another country because the conditions might be better. because of that secondary migration and we have to make more headway there and that's the form i still aim to wrap things up as soon as possible for the heads of government have given us until the end of two thousand and seventeen to make headway. have some months we're also striving for that but substance is more important than speech. i'm going to get all fortunately about but
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instead of faster feed on the greek islands why is she doing anything when it's a nation of all that's primarily a job for the greek authorities and if greece needs support they'll get it off and . everyone just shifts the blame on to the out as against the e.u. commissioner for migration dimitris i provided european interior ministers with proposals on how to read. the common asylum system back in twenty sixteen the idea is to redistribute asylum seekers across all member states but the greek e.u. official was unable to push through this pan-european solution and his country is unable to cope alone i mean by the situation or there are refugees on the greek island is horrible again mr jim is here said this is a problem of greece is he right it is true to say that the minister of migration of greece today from the warring increases of rivals during the last two weeks he will see the numbers. what's happening in italy so.
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we want support we want to go. the opposite to go willing to contribute to finding a solution because the egotistic used to do continue. as it is happening but it was. so politicians are still clinging to the deal with ankara does that mean it should serve as a blueprint for agreements with other third party states. italy summer twenty seventeen the german frigate mecklenburg for common made an armchair jeweled stop in the sicilian town of. on board refugees from libya rescued by the german armed forces whose real mission it is to arrest people smugglers instead they come across the most vulnerable people of all children.
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as i'm not there almost one hundred men from we only have five women with us and just over fifty children who are traveling alone on the fast through a line of ice fifty unaccompanied minors yes that is that a new experience or is it normal to find so many children who are traveling alone in the wars that followed i mean. it was one in principle it's something you can expect to encounter. but i have to say that these children are always passed along from one adult to the next but they don't have any proper relatives or parents with them just of the eyes of a bike left to deal with the migrant problem alone italy approached libya's un recognized government and offered to help it build up a coast guard which would return migrants to libyan soil could lead to a drop in new arrivals. on the menu to me and over recent months and years we've seen the situation here change with every season. it's very dynamic when.
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we cannot depend on the scituate. remaining stable much today we're expecting a lot of refugees and over the last few days seven hundred people were picked up by the libyan coast guard and returned to libya. to meet the jordanian they come from senegal chad congo nigeria and ivory coast very few have a realistic chance of being granted asylum nonetheless most will remain in italy for a long time many don't have passports making deportation practically impossible. some seventy five percent of all migrants and refugees arriving in the e.u. in twenty seventeen came to italy via libya in this is syrian city of palermo meet a group of refugees from somalia they are relieved to have escaped the horrors of libya but it appears that you make in libya for me. the bad time for my life in the
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house before i mean some of the war. there is killing for if we did i some like that but there's no one who could lobby you and i stood for you for my new you know you were doing was out with tennessee just like nancy and sometimes doing if you don't pay for them and. the you has banked italy's initiative to help libya intercept the refugees but while the situation in italy has eased chaos and despair have increased in north africa. cicely's biggest refugee camp carminow now has spare capacity. for oh well. palermo's man has frequently stood up for the rights of refugees in the past. people
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aims the agreement with libya on european ignorance. but there where it's of europe have to show solidarity with you one if it isn't about solid hours i thought i'd ask myself what europe stands for if the e.u. doesn't define itself through the recognition of human rights is one of the when it's just a financial union. and if it's just a financial union i donated a pretty thought i'd rather expel states from the e.u. that don't respect the rights of migrants and send migrants are words that if you noticed but we didn't really get out. in june twenty seventeen a u.n. report once again highlighted the fact that migrants were being subject to grave human rights abuses in libya including executions torture deprivation of food and water and encipherment. nonetheless it's only continues to pursue the agreement with libya and even got backing from the european heads of state and government they met with opposition from some members of the european parliament who wanted an
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internal european solution for the problem i spoke to the co-chair of the greens in the european parliament scott keller and asked her the reason for this approach. starts unlike you who says the heads of state and government are trying to seal off the european union to stop any refugees getting in on its dressed up as tackling the root causes of the problem but the refugees still exist and they just don't get as far as your own lunch to end up stranded in lebanon or turkey or wherever. you are working with third party states to prevent them from getting here in. the real crisis began in twenty fifteen and still nothing has happened what's your view on that and that's at a hotel just voted in favor of a report that proposes a radical rethink the parliament is calling for a fair redistribution of refugees across all member states all member states have to take part and of course it's very important to consider existing family ties for
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example to help with integration. i thought i'd cut the parliament has decided but why have no resolutions been passed to the stock and we've clearly got a massive problem in the national seats of government european migration policy is languishing because member states aren't prepared to work together and show solidarity with one another and with the refugees with people seeking protection to fifteen as much mention. decisive action is needed from european heads of government to forge a new e.u. migration policy they've been looking for solutions for well over a year but countries like poland and hungary still refuse to accept asylum seekers from italy or greece so euro skeptic governments are calling the shots in brussels . at the e.u. used erector a general for migration and home affairs civil servants are quietly working behind
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the scenes seeking solutions that all member states can agree to what's the main sticking point i asked the head of the directorate materials for attack. the missiles and we have to make sure that those who are really in need of protection get that protection so that's the second thing that all migrants who have no right to stay in europe with a star deported you know. so we could feel it but thirdly that we exploit the great possibilities of posting illegal migration legally me god so on the first or isn't there a danger that precisely those countries who haven't shown solidarity in the past will determine the pace of migration policy based on this of missed me. that's why as far solidarity goes it will probably have to build compromise as so that ideally all or at least the great number of member states will be able to agree to them. and and if the currently it's like trying to align a rubik's cube i think that we've now got all the pieces lined up and ready to turn
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in the right direction. but we need the right backing from our bosses that. this thing work and when for all those shifts because it's. very haven't got that. we don't have it for most of them but i'd like to get it from a few others guns going off on part in them. at the meeting in brussels on oct twenty seventh team the big question of how europe should deal with refugees in the future remains unanswered heads of government were only able to agree on short term assistance for example in supporting italy's deal with libya the president of the e.u. council justified the slim pickings because of europe's need to remain united. with this question about migration needs to help manage the.
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prime minister strong. for. tory. leader decided to come back to the issue of. with if you want to reach him. in the first half of two thousand and i would like to state very clearly that. if. the go the end of european. growth the fact that we're most. blocked by national interests the e.u.'s unable to make headway instead it has postponed a decision once again and refugees are paying the price.
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