tv Eco-at- Africa - The Environment Magazine Deutsche Welle January 13, 2018 3:30pm-4:00pm CET
the experience of freedom and sense is like the periods of time you can visit but you come back to. my name before that and i work you know but. hello and welcome to the latest edition of eco at africa then environmental magazine brought to you by d.w. channels t.v. and k.c. and my name is sharon the money coming from nairobi kenya and joining me is my colleague empty in the idea hello and. thank sharon i'm now it's i mean
lagos nigeria welcome as always we're happy to have you with us for environmental journey through africa and europe here's what we have coming up today. saving ram months are raised in mozambique. making use to back out of textile waste in zimbabwe. and sharing solar energy in germany. but we start off in south africa which is renowned for its nature reserves including the wild famous kruger national park but often the people who leave in the communities near this wildlife preserves have never set foot in them one all going to ization is hoping to change that by introducing the local youth to wildlife and conservation through photography.
an idyllic sunrise over south africa's the province this is them part of the country is home to dozens of nature results and national parks that draw in thousands of tourists from all over the world every year. but for the local communities that live right on the borders of these paths access is often too expensive. two years ago my congress found that over local outreach program while shots started introducing children from local government schools to the practical skills of wildlife photography the aim is to engage them in conservation drives and show them the value and beauty of these wild places through photography but really the photography is just a vehicle for getting the kids interested in animals getting them interesting wildlife and wall places and giving them an experience of of what a tourist sees or maybe in some cases what their father or what their mum series when they're working in a large. mike has been running the program by himself since it started most of the
funding in cameras come from the missions the n.-g. o. ses it's crucial to expose local communities and young people to conservation activities to encourage them to actively participate. this could help spread awareness about living in harmony with nature about sharing the land and even help create a community initiatives. so if you're a young person growing up in these communities you've got a couple of choices here you could look at the poaching route and that brings short term hi hi i'm on a tree going or if you've been on my program you might be able to see a longer term solution in that if the animals are there for a sustainable number of years into the future then we've got tourism we've got jobs we've got em ploy meant going on for our children and for the grandchildren going forward. down the road in a small village with bismarck ninety five in their daily lives a typical teenage girl's life she helps out with jewels around the house in between
her school work. but this morning is a little different for her as a graduate of the program she's joining her classmates on how fast the game bright where they'll be putting their new skills to the taste you know anything about that so now i know. they're part of coming. i didn't know that. and now i know that. because of. something that's. the listen she's learned may have shipped her future when she leaves school and different than billy wants to become as one of the east and teach people about the most and how important they are for the country. more than one thousand rhinos have been poached in the kuga national park every single year for the past five years. in the.
local gun range i attended the same secondary school as these children today he supports the while shots project together with other colleagues. i think. when you listen to what talk about some of the people there don't want to talk i'm in the bush when he was with jordan the picture. for the animals they will learn more about that and. it's going to have been a very very big huge impact for their communities to against more knowledge about the bush they have to pour their way just talk on the important to empower us in this news so divert can have a mere biden now as a challenge in north we mustn't go hunting there were going explain to other people even their parents you mustn't go and kill the animals because it's our nature. and has trained nearly three hundred school children so far. through.
the end. an exhibition last year to showcase some of the students' work and now while schultz has been asked to take the initiative to kenya and other countries across the continent. every year zimbabwe generates over two million tonnes off in the last year and i'm a stick waste ninety percent off the garbage lands in sites on a ten percent of it is recycled already used textile waste is a big problem ever takes up space in landfills blocks grains and sea was releasing substances that come home peoples have now one young woman in harare has come up with us the mission to reuse of the textile that waste in an eco friendly mama. old graphics. new tax. form is why it's
textiles are a beautiful thing. that dumped on the street that an ugly nuisance. like in some part ways capital harare. where waste collection is often inefficient. some of those twenty two year old. said she collects the last day for fabric that taylor shops. and uses it to create beautiful clothes and objects. like notebooks and diaries. or even picture frames and gift box. her recycled products sold for two to twenty five dollars. they make life prettier and the
environment a little cleaner. like that. if you also want to tell us about it. visit our website or send us a tweet. as to doing your best. for story. let's head over to mozambique now the islands of the buzz of. the place to view a giant monterey's a spectacular and a what a sight but like many other species that body parts are highly sought after for traditional chinese medicine putting pressure on their population is that any chance of saving them and. yes there is a chance of saving the marine megafauna foundation has been monitoring monster rays on all the wildlife for years but alone one term that's hard so researchers have joined up with the national park with just to protect the marine i mean let's take
a look. at every one must be absolutely silent. and drill marshall and your team are looking for a large sea creature did you call. them. and. did you call is extremely shy and can easily outswim the humans. from this park is showing critically important or making fun of species especially threaten ones like mansour isn't due dongs on this really is the last habitat left in africa for two grams it's the last viable population to longs that we have along this coastline the marine biologist and her team have been doing research in the bus a route to archipelago for thirteen years. even though it's
a protected area fish stocks have been dwindling. too much money was born on the main island he supervises twenty three rangers for the national park they got one for trolls collect data and provide information that's going to be for the communities outside the national park have no spaces where the fish can reproduce. but it's what they do as fish stocks the kind of pressure grows but leads to ever greater complicates with the fisherman from the mainland. even encroaching on the totally protected areas to go fishing or. about but what alternatives do the fishermen have for their livelihoods this is really really important area for the beauty for their heritage and maybe tourism andreea marshall and her team have invited ten park rangers and their new superior to take part in training such an exciting day for me i've been we've been anticipating doing an event like this for
government for a national park for a very long time for me being a researcher out here in mozambique i've been stuck for many years i've been trying to find out how to work better with government how to help try and build capacity more because most important on a map they mark exactly where they've seen what animal species and compare the sightings with the researchers data. so you see. this course is very important if we manage to work together well on the first fails that we'll be able to negotiate a second time a third that we'll learn how to go diving ourselves to show the tourists the fish and other things and one of the most damage that damn. many of them have to learn how to swim the park director goes first stuff it is i'm so glad i'm finally learning to swim i've wanted to do this all my life. i'm just hoping it all goes well. the intensive course lasts five
days those who already know. how to swim learn snorkeling and diving. by the end of the course almost everyone here will be able to swim in the open ocean and drill marshall depends on their help after every dive she evaluates her shots each manta ray has its distinguishing marks. she also works with genetic samples for what may be the world's most comprehensive manta ray data bank. it's mozambique is is making sort of somewhere in the vicinity of seven to eight million dollars a year off mantra tourism. mansouri diving tourism and i feel that you know that definitely can be an incentive you know for government to say listen this animal is worth a lot more alive than it is dead. even so mozambique has yet to place the
manta ray on its list of protected species. nigeria's population is estimated at about a hundred and eighty million and still counting and obviously all of this people will need a roof over their heads nigeria for now has a housing deficit of about eighteen million many houses that have been built i mean did expensive and usually not environmentally friendly one man believes that houses can be built in a cost effective way and still be environmentally friendly. nigerian oil law and his wife are proud of their new home it is one of the first houses in nigeria made almost entirely from shipping containers. this building site in lagos one of the largest cities in the country looks quite ordinary but these nearly
finished houses are anything but ordinary for a lot to me. it was a good opportunity to acquire a solidly constructed and comfortable home in nigeria there's a lot of application actually contain us but it's mostly for offices or for shops or temporary needing cortez by construction companies or in the sector so my question is we don't have a shortage of shops in nigeria we shut age of. the shortage that we have is housing practically housing for your income the containers provide the basic structure of the house each container can be outfitted with custom features depending on the owner's budget be interior paneling is made from discarded packaging material and that makes these homes both environmentally friendly and very affordable a four bedroom duplex like this one costs about seventeen million which is about
forty thousand euros a low is particularly proud of the solar power system it's supplies energy at no extra cost making him independent of the public grid but they are other environmentally friendly features to just listen to us and we got beat up in the house well it did in the us i let us know when you consider essential the side out so that when there isn't. someone so let's try this raise the house up for. there's a serious housing shortage in nigeria over one hundred thousand homes are constructed every year but that's to fails to meet the demand experts say that the country needs to build about seven hundred thousand homes a year to alleviate. the housing shortage within the next decade. was up cycle and
contained his office one sustainable solution and with the help of architects the exterior and interior can be designed according to the client's needs this new claims require sometimes the boats butin a house that reduces the cost of maintenance like cost of electricity including you need to put in so much air conditioning the lights and during the day so you actually have to say is that in the design making use of those a much larger dose of a light just today brings in more lights during the day speech when your book signing brings in. a very good spirit. recycling containers by reducing them to molten metal is an expensive process upcycling them as a building material saves money we do see is the house in deficit and it's more environmentally friendly and for many it is a quick and affordable way into
a new home. germans increasingly want to use this source and i installing solar panels on. what happens when the sun isn't shining a german company called so many things you have the answer it already has ten thousand subscribers in germany and wants to expand to austria switzerland and even australia a company invented a system for sharing this solar body electricity that's a how about. starting the panels now what don't the briefing of tennis is house in southern germany they produce enough electricity to power his home and share with others not only with large power companies but also other private households. hold power sharing in the cellar at about three stores and the excess production. tennis can see on his computer just how much electricity his panels have generated
and how much he's used. sometimes he has to draw on other people's power usually he has enough to show. but in the future when i generate a lot of electricity because the sun just happens to be shining here but perhaps not in bavaria or other parts of europe then my excess energy can be channeled the police and it's a great concept that's from the police. that forty percent renewable electricity is already an important component of germany's power mix but until recently it was hard to distribute privately generated power design and companies trying to change that it makes batteries which store the solar power ten thousand households have already hooked up to this on a network. the map shows where they're located. the company also wants to move into austria and switzerland. sharing electricity is
relatively easy almost since in the russian this is the i'm five it's pretty easy in germany we've got a system where everyone can use the electricity grid the same as everyone who's got internet and can use a variety of telecommunications connections. that means we pay network operators to use the grid so that means at any point in germany we can generate electricity as well as supplier to. the system turns house owners with solar modules mounted on their breaks into power providers and golf tennis is now back to regular consumer and power utility on top of that he saves money causing his electricity bill almost inhofe. not least because he's now independent of the large energy concerns. and a truly we are the most satisfying i suspect of course is that we're making a small contribution to climate protection and limiting carbon dioxide emissions.
so we could that's the most important thing to want and yes making a financial saving on the side at least once the plant has been running for years and paid for itself. that's a welcome side effect i'm happy to take along a need my picked and he's going to name it his household is only one example of sharing climate friendly electricity plenty of others could soon be joining the system. so now with most of the by arco go congo basin these pygmy people live in the central african republic like many indigenous people they see the our culture on the right right outside influences that is one of the by arco all being young have come together to preserve the one knowledge of their ancestors how are they doing that show but thousands of years their bayaka have lived with and from the rain forest they have always treated the forest with care because they see themselves as part of it preserving it as part of their cultural heritage then to
my colleague group is trying to curry that's tradition on into the twenty first century be my means forest in bayaka kali is the word for in fungal are widespread indigenous language in the region. here on the sangha river in the southwest of the central african republic this boat is on a kind of rescue mission. the rescuers call themselves d. mccully and they want to save the culture of the bayaka people. the group makes regular trips to the rainforest to keep the ancient wisdom of the people alive i know. of the main purpose is to learn about the forest and its parrot. which they have to ask for permission to enter. the route of the word for the third world learns.
to learn through observation guided by john bullock or one of the few people who still has the ancient knowledge. of. and the. children look at the spark. if you boil it in water the water turns red drink it it's good for a stomach ache or sore throat. for thousands of years these communities of lived sustainably taking only what they need for food and medicine from the woods and the river. the members of the mccully are trying to preserve this archaic way of life in modern times and to protect the forest they're supported by nature conservation organization w w f the rain forest in the congo basin is under threat. timber companies are logging poachers killing wildlife mines destroying the landscape and modern life is making inroads into even the most remote villages
replacing the age old traditions of central africa. marshall better lay ahead of the group he's well aware of the dangers that poses. back to technology has impacted culture most young people just want to listen to the music they hear on the radio they go to the village to hear music instead of sitting together around the fire like their ancestors did playing drums singing and dancing dancing this rain forest camp is the main gathering place for di mccully they've produced a book about the forests medicinal plants the group visit schools in the region to remind more children and young people about the close ties their ancestors had to the forest. but nobody knew the forest makes our children strong. by our who goes abroad in returns he has to go into the forest to connect with his culture again. the forest is everything to us it grows our
medicine and food. the forest is our city. tree climbing skills are also the heart of the biogas heritage in the forest canopy they find honey and caterpillars which they can harvest time and again without chopping down the trees. but for these teenagers it's not just about protecting the environment. but i no. longer know you can't climb a tree and with the rope i won't get a woman. but if you can climb up to the top. you can get all the young women from the village. runs out on monday morning yes this is you said that the man is saying he wants something if he can climb a tree. i couldn't love a man who couldn't do it. but it's also fun and make steam akali more attractive to young people. who were really low. for
a stance with traditional dancers. symbolically transformed into the spirit of the woods they don't support of it which was traditionally performs the evening before a home to. the p.c. and people aren't going hunting. they're heading back to their homes when once they've left the spirit of the forest returns to the quiet green space many thanks for watching until next time it's goodbye from they will be i'm goodbye from lagos nigeria if you want to know more about us follow us on our social media pages we'll be back next week same time until then thanks for joining us why are part of becoming european environmental show a bot. the
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