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tv   DW News - News  Deutsche Welle  January 25, 2018 2:00pm-2:16pm CET

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this is deja news coming to you live from a scientific breakthrough or an ethical dilemma in the making resurgence in china have cloned monkeys using the same technology that brought us dolly the sheep so how far are we from being able to clone humans i put that question to all science and it's also coming up. vols to press ahead with operations targeting u.s. backed kurds in northern syria that's despite a warning from washington to deescalate the situation or risk facing a clash with u.s. forces on the ground. also coming up ahead
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a much anticipated guest at the world economic forum in davos really donald trump be able to reassure the world's movers and shakers that his america first policy is going to be good for them. hello and welcome thought she my good to have you with us we begin with a scientific breakthrough in china the big the monkeys that you see here just don't look like they are identical research just created them using the same killing method that produced dolly the sheep almost twenty years ago but the monkeys are primates like us humans and now the question is being asked are we next. me children and while they might just look like two cute baby mechanics but they also represent a breakthrough that has excited scientists around the world the monkeys are close
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the very first successful clones of a primate using the method to produce dolly researches that the chinese academy of sciences presented them to the public this week the purpose of doing it and the use monkeys experiment of animals is really for the human health for the cure in a few meant izzy's there are many other animal models you can use you can use mice was widely used but there has been difficulty. in using that as animal model for human disease because mice are very far away from humans the process took over a year and one hundred twenty seven eggs almost eighty viable embryos and it bevy of host mothers to produce the two babies it's hoped the clones could be used to studying diseases like parkinson's and alzheimer's research is say clones like these could help them glean results that would be more pertinent to humans but this
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breakthrough also begs another question can we clone humans and should we the burial of cloning primate species is well over. in principle any private including humans can be caught but all purpose of produce of course is purely for human benefit for medical purposes we see no reason of call of humans. but despite the assurances it seems the debate around possible human cloning is once again on the agenda. and derek williams the science editor joins me now in the studio welcome derrick what a story how big of a scientific breakthrough is this well it's a it's a huge scientific breakthrough actually the ethics of cloning aside researchers have been trying to do this for the last two decades and they've been trying to do it for one very specific reason which as we learn
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a great deal and medical research so animal models now animal models are most effective when you're working with a group of animals that are all genetically identical clones so for example what cloned mice have done for medical research is absolutely it's it's vast and but mice are very far away from us on the evolutionary tree so being able to do this with monkeys is going to really make medical breakthroughs happen that much more quickly so it's huge in terms of research she said because dolly the sheep was killing but these two monks of the fuss primates who've been killing using this technique explained the technique to us well the technique actually looks fairly straightforward what you take you take an egg cell from a female monkey for example and and you remove the nucleus which is which is where most of the the genetic material the d.n.a. is contained and then you take a cell from another monkey for example in this in this case they took souls from him a monkey fetus and you insert it into that cell now you can do that as many times
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as you want if you fuse them correctly the cell will begin to multiply it'll eventually turn into an embryo and eventually then of course a live monkey gosh so can a human speak ill and using this technique just theoretically they possibly could there's obviously a lot of questions these monkeys are only six and eight weeks old respectively for example how are they going to live there have been questions about that in the past with other cloned species but the most difficult aspect of this has been that. the problem is that the cells in the body have been differentiated in embryos completely under friendship. all of the cells in your body so if you want to take a so from a body and turn it into this embryonic cell you have to remove all of these safeguards that have been put into it and that's proving to be a very difficult thing with primates it's proving to be so difficult that it's taken two decades to overcome it but i can't see why the species is close enough related to us i can't see why it theoretically wouldn't also be able to be used on
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humans but the director of the team which carried out this experiment in this breakthrough says they have no intentions of moving in the direction of cloning human beings but how can we be social once the genie is out of the bottle who's to say some b.s. one do it well i'm sure that i'm sure that they have no intentions necessarily of doing that but as you say the genie is now out of the bottle they've published this protocol that so people are going to are going to be able to do it we know once you put the knowledge out there in the world the question is is who is going to use it now there are no binding international protocols on cloning many many countries individual countries have have their own rules about about limiting at work or banning it completely but there i think that this is going to be one of these global issues that we're going to have to now at this point address very quickly and to give the scientists all of the world of a excited by this breakthrough but not for the reasons that they could potentially clone a human being in the near future that brings us back to the these cohorts of genetically identical animals they'll be able to carry out research or the hope is
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that they'll be able to create large numbers of clones for research that will then that will then let them pinpoint problems that much more quickly genetic variability so that all of these different animals that react in different ways to drugs is one of the big big barriers in medical research if you can create animals that are genetically identical it's going to help you move forward very much more quickly so it's a big boost for medical research is what you're saying it's going to be a huge test for derek williams from a scientist thank you very much for that. there's a look at some other stories making news around the world a delegation of north korean officials and athletes has crossed the heavily guarded border into south korea for joint olympics training as young young called for all koreans to seek unification of the divided korean peninsula the north and south korean women's ice hockey teams will join forces at next month's winter olympics in town chung in the south. at least three people have been killed and more than one hundred others injured ten of them seriously as a result creen carin commuters to the italian city of milan derailed many
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passengers were trapped and had to be freed by risk youth services the cause of the crash has not been established as yet. to syria now where turkey is vowing to press ahead with this military operation dog getting us backed kurdish militia in the country's north that's despite a warning from u.s. president donald trump to limit the advance or risk confronting american forces on the ground in a phone call with the turkish president he wants to quote exercise caution to avoid any actions that mind chris conflict between turkish and american forces now president richard office denies this was said to officials say the former corps was quote limited to an exchange of views and the trump did not check concerns about the escalating violence in a fiend goodish y p g militia of they have played a key role in helping u.s. backed forces against a so-called islamic state but the turkish government views the y.p.
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ji as a terrorist group. the shattered turn of yielded evidence of the force that turkey has brought to be enough turkey's government is determined to press on with operation all of branch which to them has been a success so far it's because. the operation will continue until the threat is removed. but the kurdish why p.g. wants the world to know that they would surrender the enclave without a fight. we will resist and will not allow the enemy to invade our land to the last drop of blood we have we will never retreat from here. those appear to be no idle words missiles fired from y p.g. controlled territory crashed into this mosque in the turkish border tone of killis causing fatalities and panic as worshippers tried to free the wounded from the rubble. the death toll rises on both sides but turkish president richard one
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says he will expand the offensive eastwards. u.s. troops stationed in northern syria might soon find themselves caught between kurds and turks each ally determined to banish the other from the region at all costs. and goes into syria has created many refugees as we saw for more i'm joined by sis from the u.n. office for the coordination of humanitarian affairs welcome when someone says you other these just chief for the syria crisis what are you hearing about civilians fleeing the fighting between the turkish army and go to militia. at the moment there is a buy five thousand civilians become this place in the area for free and this is our relationship. three hundred twenty five no you also have to keep in mind it is about a third of this twenty five thousand were already this is due to they're all going
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off and sincere so is that there was a sizeable number of civilians and of course the whole talk on the side is the concession. women or children about the whole want to make sure that. all science uses spray and that international overdrive. taken into consideration only when it comes to civilian relations is the infrastructure hospitals or how wards of five senses and so are you really can make sure it is a constant presence of millions do not like us so tell us more about the refugees going into what conditions i'll be living. internally displaced people. are free to air itself the moment they're fleeing from there's word access. now about why most of the slogans that scream it's part of an idiot
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is already. syria bordering. borders. with more than two million people living off the mark to this place and with another offensive there started since mid december where hundreds of thousands of syrians are actually a quarter of the men your house because of this place leading from saddam and lead towards the center of it so this is a crisis on top of the crisis and it was really the last and just an apocalypse is and one of the highest number of hits over the slate sequel this will have. run away to safety multiple times and the latest ice of course finding a virgin fuel situation in particular is time of year where. it's called new snowy strains. or for the sequel is very good as it was rationed and we went to the new there's a new round of u.n.
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sponsored talks on syria getting underway in vienna today is humanitarian aid for these refugees and internally displaced on the agenda there briefly if you again well at the moment the new focus in the ministry of. look. through tomorrow. they've been examined by a perfectly legal this is your of course is in order and we hope to see quick as possible reading solution under to one ring the system village the boxer where in syria are right on this one says that the u.n. office for the coordination of humanitarian affairs thank you. turning now to the philippines and scientists are watching mount my on a violent eruption could happen at any moment to say that will create a swelling with magma under the surface and it may don't be able to withstand the pressure of all that molten rock about seventy five thousand people have been
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evacuated from the area officials fear a full bore eruption could become a humanitarian emergency that lasts for months my own is the most active volcano in the philippines the current eruption started about two weeks ago you're watching the news here's a recap the top story that we're following for you scientists in china have two identical baby monkeys created using the same cloning technique that gave us dolly the sheep more than twenty years ago their research reeks of technical barriers that could open the door to human cloning. he was in need of news coming up ahead donald trump arrives at the world economic forum in davos we look at how business and political leaders see his america first policies tariffs and tax reform. and don't forget you can always get the w. news on the gorgeous done from google play it all from the apple store that would
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