tv Doc Film - 100 Years of UFA - Behind the Scenes of a German Film Company Deutsche Welle February 19, 2018 2:15am-3:00am CET
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the german film company is one hundred years old. that. for much of the time it's been a german brand rivaling personal all folds fog and. wrote film history i didn't. write. for it what is the essence of who fuck the great ship that sailed through so many stormy seas in the past one hundred g. is. it. important to. implement it and get it done i day if i think of i think of germany. and dutch learned
a month theatres it's the mercedes of production companies filming with was a sign of prestige for. it was a melting pot for creative symbol in and for the whole world. in one thousand nine hundred seventeen germany was losing the first world war. general doff identified the culprit the new medium of film. the germans had become a target of mockery in british and french cinemas. didn't offer wanted his own version of a big film company to produce propaganda for germany. the further i regard the implementation as an urgent part of the war effort and i call for quick realisation loot and all of. that was effectively the founding charter of that. at the time there were many small film companies
in germany each sailing under its own flag. they made cameras round cinemas and produce films but moved off and bigger ideas the general roped a consortium of big german firms into doing their patchy up to judy deutsche bank bosch and a.g. made funds available the small companies were to be merged into one crowd ship. i. film acting as a shaft who for a short was to conquer the cinematic seven seas for the german cars are. part of the over empire i was the studio complex in bottles back. palmer a decorated officer a monarchist and a jew became the head of production here. the almost ideal appointment for the who
for board with its german nationalist agenda. the head of state of the young weimar republic was free to push about a social democrat he visited the studios during the filming of an berlin. dance lubitsch was the director who for stars emil yannis and henny portman played the lead roles. the spa shaun's would disagree about a bit wanted to grace the famous company on location with his visit didn't really like being addressed his majesty and her advice president i mean my estate under spots who had. a film by fritz lang very german material realized by a brilliant director. this thing this first place
and this delivered on the promise of producing a german legend with german actors in a german company we can really sense the national consciousness and perhaps somewhat excessive national pride and few light of the bush budget and that's a large towards mecca but. it was innovative large scale and expensive a mix of copper and wagner. the dragon was the technical attraction inside it was six men who were notified by fritz lang by telephone when the dragon was to spew fire. soon and for sailed into financial trouble. waters producer eric palmer left
and went to hollywood. docked on to competitors paramount and metro goldwyn myer for financial support the result was a german american conglomerate. from it. hopes that the merger would help more of its films to be shown in america that didn't happen and its financial situation remained difficult. in one hundred twenty seven nazis were fighting in the streets against communists. unemployment was on the rise once again with all its expenses faced bankruptcy. dacha bank sort of buyer and found out that who can back media sar of the weimar republic and an ally of adolphine. dodge a bank placed him at the helm of that one for ship. with hugenberg as
the majority shareholder over move even further to the right his first major think clinch was firmly in control of the rudder. he cancelled the contract with the us companies it had been a huge loss. now the artists no longer had control but the bookkeepers. movie clips built for sound proof studios in bottles back known as the torn cords he also secured the return of ash palmer who brought musicals with him from america the future belonged to sound film musicians cinema owners and actors protested. i mean and. i know that.
but the talkies launched new stars direct to use a function down bag made trial recordings with a little known actress in bottles back. in the right. place been. employing a blue angel was a special film in many regards not least for a director from the united states joseph and sternberg was flown in it was meant as the vehicle for a meal yawning but in fact it became alina did use film it made her
a global star it's a bit. there . still acted with his facial expressions like in a silent movie. every scene was filmed first in german and then in english marlena hired a language teacher yannis thought he didn't need one. yet. i think. it was. did live under tank shell or a musical film made in germany. the new genre helps the offer to turn around its
fortunes and begin making a profit again. and i. think . that if. you follow in take this form of discovered that these musicals enabled and you export strategy with different versions that you could work on the same sets and tell the same story using different actors in french english and sometimes italian has much more of a tell you nish it's you. want it you got. the film address the economic crisis of the late twenty's a heavyweight subject in a lightweight manner that was the roof was trademark during the golden years of the weimar republic. once known.
the officer marketed lilian harvey and villi furch as a dream team they were highly paid and highly controlled even in their private lives. i know this because i just. was pleased to see. you provide a short over had an image to sell and to do that he controlled or even created the stars personal stories affairs questionable liaison's were out so i thought oh my sexuality although some of his biggest stars were gay was an absolute. absolute cover which is huge and over movie star would soon have to be hard as crop steel tough as leather a solitary leader like frederick the great in one thousand nine hundred thirty the flute concert of salsa will see adopted an alarmingly warlike tone the end of the
weimar republic was approaching us but i think. yeah i think you know you can look like schools and friends but there. was a strong one and this is a lot like even partially now machines will be a good time. just a little pain only to keep for hoover always had national films in his production plan that could be a period prussian film or a film about the first world war and these films were advertised as national films what has always been the underlying character of over and now came into the open. as national films helps to dig the grave of democracy. he was about marshal who've always had nationalistic views most of the men on the board and in management had served in the military really tioga didn't. this was not a company that aimed to be subversive on the contrary it. defied emil
georg fun styles who had been the first head of for in one nine hundred seventeen introduced hitler into. industrialist circles in the early thirties. alfred hugenberg became minister for economic affairs in his first cabinet. the footboard sent to congratulate three telegram. the film for the new regime had already been produced three days after hitler came to power hugenberg invited him and vice chancellor fun popping to the berlin premiere of dorn a nationalist submarine drama. how are you going i am and you know you.
come it's fun google's thought the film is very good in part you particularly like the lines spoken by real force or maybe we germans about it knowing how to live. it actually. if i think was i think he loved it but he felt the presentation of the home front was as he put it a bit house and garden not aggressive enough. during the nazi period was based in berlin scholars and. pressured by gerbils the company soon fired its jewish employees. who first best talents had to leave producer palmer. actor
fred scott now. the directors billy wilder. and robert c. old black. actress elizabeth back now. actor peter lorie. actor could carry on and they weren't the only ones. director fritz lang no longer wanted to stay but propaganda minister gerbils still wasn't happy he wanted the company's total submission. he does not have the fuehrer as approval. by order the press to attack on all fronts has got a shot coming until it is hours. cleage and they
are already softening up and this is just the beginning those idiots from the german national people's party. girls boarded up bags in for shares for a good price now he was in charge and could restructure the ship as he pleased clinch could only stand by and watch actors materials scripts and dialogues the propaganda minister and film enthusiastic now ruled all of this personally. the board didn't appreciate this micromanagement it's already as a threat to its business especially abroad. the view of the vice chamber of film that the production and sales of films can be ordered from above continues to fill us with serious concern for the development of our business.
gerbils was involved in writing the script for concept a clever mix of newsreel and acted scenes during the opening of the one nine hundred thirty six olympic games in berlin the smart ills of falls in love with a dashing colorado it's. good to see only feel that i have been. reading. a tear jerker set against a backdrop of war the message war is inevitable bush concept was one of the most successful and for films of the nazi period. his career also began with propaganda films guna mulla started acting in film roles in the bubbles back studio when he was just twelve this was his last interview. i started with advertising films with the and then i made short propaganda films with
your proposals and with ludwig schmitz. and i. think look i know what you think i am pleased with the fourth. think. it has a tail of us if i look at the image of it it was decorum all the men wore dark suits white shirts and silver ties and once he got caught. again the young eagles played an apprentice scheme to build cockpits for bombers like. that and i think that. the young hardy kruger played an equally enthusiastic role.
a propaganda film for pure and simple. like that yelling and. the title i'm going to get you know the. conflict hellman. and put in front of the forty one who has. we were all about sixteen tough and that was gong leave a night out and said when we're done here i have to go to the hitler youth training camp he said i'll give you a contract maybe that'll help us and that's how i got into contract not because i was such a good actor so to keep me from military service it didn't work that way and mistes connotes to. the board complained that too many for employees had gone to war or being killed in action six hundred forced laborers
were assigned to the company they were treated very badly as was usual in german companies. goebbels wanted to see the world of cholera the company's own house department had been experimenting with color since one thousand nine hundred eighty one. that loves this was his first color film my own i. am good at and i am. next the animated switch to college. and compared to hollywood was lagging way behind as far as color film was concerned
it was goebbels personal ambition to catch up the first german feature film was only made in the summer of one hundred thirty nine minutes at no one and i see the yes and option for him simply in. first stuck to its guns even in color the film was a period musical with jaunty military personnel and a saucy woman. he started singing. it. was that or doc was. was punished. by a fish. and i was. there and deadly a buring filming it became clear that the color quality wasn't uniform tade certain
film consignments varied in quality and hardly. to leave home and unfit in the field and another problem was that one of the lead actors carl stepanek emigrated to england during filming how stepanek they have been deadly about he had to be replaced and his scenes had to be shot again because it's he and i dismissed enough good pleated. skirt just didn't get the kind of i know this into perspective that did i miss that. part of the mission and have a chance but am i since you don't interest. me i don't want to miss the student. discount. never mind the regime you for always focused on heartbreak and romance. the incentive for how to ensure in the off tension death that has had great material but as i knew it he
wrote the script and submitted it to whatever should but i doubt he was asked to come in and was told we've read your script very carefully and with interest please but please tell us where in your script is the. when trying to strut his or her hoof shaped he was startled to hear such a word in such a place and then turned with such a judge he didn't know what to say it on as well as others and i thought as a man he was told if you don't have to show it but we have to be able to assume that women are there and that lovemaking is happening when just all very correct that was done to collect dust saudi who fought. tried holland made the last propaganda film for goebbels called back a drama with ten thousand extras germany meanwhile was in ruins. it's good that was the biggest flop in the history of the office during the twelve
weeks until the war ended this film was seen by hardly anyone is these a few cole naca seen bowden but production costs amounted to several million inform me other than million and. goebbels much i was better die than surrender. august says it in the film. if there. was a jagged. edge i must not have got it either. i like i looked up and yet it is really a good life. for gerbils and hitler the scenes were too realistic they demanded numerous edits to million of ice smocks worth of filming lay scattered around the cutting room while bombs were raining down on berlin. off a building called fire a secret operation was launched to rescue files and film footage before but when
found the big man it was leaving the sinking ship. once the war ended the glue. doritos would definitely over joris allies decided the company had to be broken up each occupied zone of germany would see small film boats floating again. in the soviet zone the day phone was launched the accompanying dinghy was manned by apparatchiks ensuring everything was politically correct defy was a communist version of the. hoover was a studio in which films had been made from the initial idea to the premier. d. for adopted the same system they created a huge institution with two and
a half thousand employees that were film to be made from its inception to its final release. discipline year between twenty and. the biggest chunk of office assets was in bubbles back the soviet military government ensured that production soon started up again here both going stouter was the first to film in bottles back after nine hundred forty five is still someone it's been on my face even though my. not to talk about. murder is among us is the story of a nazi mass murderer the soviets approved of that and the old one for lived on in the workmanship. when it when he could assume to get kony if indeed she did his films are into it when i think of hildegard can a venturing the story as a concentration camp survivor with her bright face in direct lighting i can see very clearly that day for had taken on
a lot of that over style of lightings we see a few from first year but at the from push could be because. of the illustrator on the other hand i can also see that with the ruins everywhere in elements of expression is cinema from the weimar republic found their way into this day for films and that's no surprise either because the set designers who worked on the first day for film were part of the old guard over in bubbles where good as you wish they'd worked with fritz lang and the directors during the weimar republic and of course the nazi period wouldn't they salvage what they could and put it into day for an entire city far you've got it theory of how. the show down when the traumatized soldier holds his former captain to account is grand old of a cinema. six hundred as the men at c.n.n. to show on and on by the skin that. well it's your answer to show us.
each one of us on a vacation assumption right after two in. the studios in temple hole fuera in west berlin and therefore under the control of the western powers they were more hesitant when it came to rebuilding the film industry. but not as not going to the film clubs industry just as in billion that is a challenge yet offered zero feet of a count of dodgy good stuff and being on film and before. the a diver volunteers palmer has to give you on the eve of what a day and yes i mean because i feel important part of its year at the off poverty field i'll buy it in the west on it to bring. the idea turf in politike the film policy of the allies was aimed at destroying the industry for political reasons. that's and they wanted to smash the nazi legacy while at the same time
keeping this market open for american production my conscience what a story. the allies band called bag and other propaganda films today twenty of the three hundred to four films from the nazi period can only be shown with restrictions. on the files from the burning of the headquarters had ended up in there is a bad land the hills north of hannover. vijender advantage holds castle was the reef founding of the it's a story like a harmless little film but one with bite. at first former office staff came to violent hearts acting as if the company still existed. they had letter paper printed they advertise for film editors in the films and on the posters they had the swastikas painted over and covered abracadabra. suddenly all
these films were denotes a fight. things got exciting in the castle cellar where the files were stored the allies commission trustees to sort out the finances a young man studied the files down here he was supposed to help liquidate the company. our know how could do the opposite defying the will of the allies and with the help of the art in our government. the owner of our t. course in fact the adenauer government but also the major parties in the bundestag viewed film as a medium fish shaping opinion on jesus survives. i think influencing public opinion was a crucial aspect of the early west german film policy enough in politic that flew
in front of the public. at the behest of the allies the german parliament passed a law in one thousand nine hundred three intended to break up the ufa but chancellor cannot adenauer found a loophole. and this there were exceptions to the order to break it up and those exceptions were implemented hours after it wasn't sold to the highest bidder. originally there was a rule that no one was allowed to buy more than one studio all three cinemas i was in but exceptions were possible the buyers took advantage of all these exceptions they were explicitly encouraged to do so by the government and by the parliament and off wanted to spread this tax. helman use of apps the head of deutsche bank got a call from the chancellor's office adenauer sold offer to dodge
a bank for a third of its value it was a good deal for the bank just as it had been when it was first launched. thanks to our now and don't have bank i know how come we came the captain of the new film ship that in one nine hundred fifty six once again for the big old name a ship meant to serve the german government and don't ship bank just like in the old days. to now opened new cinema and he moved further from barnhart's to distant off where he built up a new headquarters he distributed and produced movies. oh that's you should ask if i was there to go. after i can make them pick up till i think that's really good played the son of louisa all of us in his first post war
film they were the new for dream team. he said. this to me the capable business woman widow and mother of three sons overcome. all the hardships. of this kind and it's demand on them thank you for you know why and then she even finds new love oh yeah. and you cannot. believe your house. could end up on i've got a son that he. did also for the city i just want to also probably be. at the top you guys. got me was. that the film was going to mother could have been made for the art in our government's family ministry. there's
a famous moment in this film isn't mama fabulous it was a slip up really i was lambasted in the press because when the great releases its first film and then it's such a trivial entertainment movie and they shouldn't have done it just shows her she had been as much a tough. the film was a flop but on oh how good the company captain was unfazed. is like me it has strong legs nothing will capsize it. how his next project was an expensive international coproduction. the young the last beholds nickname was discovered by the new phone and by mario out off. if you could have as i heard that blue host didn't like me
or want me to we met on a plane he sat down next to me and said i'm sure you've heard that i've got a problem with you because of the character of lawsky and i want to tell you why when i read the script i imagine someone like spencer tracy in that role or u.v. spencer tracy sorry i knew when i replied he's a man i very much admire him and i can also tell you that when i read the death shit i imagine someone like william holden in the lead as philip holden focused your job it. and he said one point for you i'm hotter. if. you notice that i'm for there was the underbelly of is. no no good of you can. you believe only in the race thing i shove the most on the browser from the god of interfere with its own as it is a vehicle. to read even
a couple of good most to me than. just thought the death ship was my way above average for that time physical radical dirty hard cinema sickness have to skin or. dirty ugly one. of. the firbank on action and young talent good cinema actually but germans were getting comfortable in their television armchair. because. when kunzelmann you could say it failed because of the expectations they wanted to continue on the model of the pre-war years the golden age of that function they wanted to be just as good and as successful but that didn't work for greece only
certainly from the union. who first celebrated despite millions in losses until it became insolvent and was sold by dogshit bank to bettles man in one nine hundred sixty four. the federal government paid bettles man a lot of money to keep the rights to the old over films in germany that's how the mon-el foundation was established it maintains a cinematic heritage to this day. battles man sold the cinemas in one nine hundred seventy one although they were still called afterwards there was no one from the left inside these days the old logo can only be seen on three remaining theaters. ben man if you deal consciously with your history and i think we do if you know the dark side but also the great sides of over then it's a proud company legacy of it's a real legend in the film industry i can't think of any other in germany that had
such a long film production history like ours from perhaps a little shocked script of anybody because there are very few who can claim such a long creative output. thanks to nikko half man the office ship has once again become a well oiled machine all for now ends its money with shows and soaps but high gloss event television restored its reputation. but out. forgetting the need in seeing the dust off. i mean it here. was and that's the tradition period dramas from the german empire to the fall of the berlin wall the new offer has told the story of almost every major event you know if you have unfinished enough. as
it was a purely private nico hoffman move that the big high end dramas were always big historical stories. because he doesn't get off. it tells the story of five young germans who experience the war not by choice. tom shelling is one of the young soldiers and i think i'm. going to touch start off in fear and wonder if i'm really proud of the film is unassailable in my view what could be better than when films cost control or see. i've always made films with over that was so captivating and compelling that you really had to think about them and talk about them and work on that let's i'm calling another one i hadn't had. the series also portrays polish anti semitism
during the war thanks. it certainly makes. me. think she's just as easy as you some tax should be a common if you choose to skip. the blurring of the lines between victims and perpetrators anger at the polls not to mention the public in america and israel. as a scones and don'ts of one thing i wouldn't repeat with generation war is that i now wouldn't go to another country and as a german filmmaker trying to tell parts of polish history from the german perspective i start implementing a sailboat and as that belongs to the poles i've learned my lesson in that area or maybe i'll bring in polish historians to act as consultants but i wouldn't do it like that again i wait for it's ornish my mom. generation war was nonetheless an
international critical and ratings hit i think international emmy for t.v. movie mini-series goes to. the international emmy awards are the oscars of television generation. is a piece of german history empire third life federal republic it always knew germany's dreams fia's hopes and. that's been its business for one hundred years.
and mountain spreads where i'm heavy i'm getting closer to the outgoing house leader fun in bavaria our check in special there yes on my way to the states that a little sarcasm and straight. now to a cord and sell it of course when i'm here i'll do a hike in the bavarian forest. thirty minutes on. every journey begins with the first step and every language with the first word emerged in the book. rico is in germany to learn german why not learn a little simple online on your mobile and free themselves from d w z e learning course because fish german made easy.
looking for artistry. edge of the seat. joy and jubilation. got it all the time to sleep gut. pick up. poor weather conditions have hampered rescue operations after a plane crash in iran a passenger jet went down near the southern city of after taking off from tehran nearly eight hundred kilometers away according to state television all sixty five people on board are believed dead. israeli prime minister