tv DW News - News Deutsche Welle March 16, 2018 7:00am-7:59am CET
this is d.w. news coming to you live from berlin getting tough on russia the u.s. announces fresh sanctions almost go for meddling in the twenty six thousand presidential election and it joins france and germany in a show of support for the u.k. as london accuses russia of carrying out a nerve agent attack on a former h. . and a confrontation with russia is also expected to be one of the issues on the agenda today when german chancellor i'm going to meet french president and. our political correspondent joins us with more details. plus a dangerous new strain of
a child being emerges in the philippines we'll ask a medical specialist in manila what's behind the spike in infections and point can be done to stop the spread. and on the trail of the peace diamonds in sierra leone it was supposed to bring prosperity to the villagers who found it instead its bread discontent we'll have an exclusive report. hello i'm terry marchant good to have you with us. yes president donald trump says he will impose new sanctions on russia in response to moscow's alleged paddling in the metally rather in the twenty sixteen us presidential election the united states also signed a joint declaration with france and germany in support of britain's standoff with russia over the attempted murder of
a former russian spy britain blames russia for the attack in the english city of souls barry using the deadly soviet era nerve agent nobody chuck british prime minister to reason may is one of the few visitors to salzburg these days traders in the cathedral town say tourists and shoppers are staying away in the wake of the poisoning of former russian double agent sagacious cripple and his daughter yulia mae visited the restaurant where the chemical attack took place and put the blame squarely on moscow. it is right that the u.k. government reacts in a robust way to what has happened here insoles break that is exactly what we've done i've announced that we will explain it be expecting twenty three russian diplomats who undeclared intelligence officers will have an impact on the intelligence network the way other measures will be taking britain's allies are showing their support france germany and the united states have signed
a statement repudiating russia and president donald trump says he thinks moscow probably carried out the attack. nature's top military commander sees this as part of a wider passon of russian misbehavior at sea on land and in the air russia's increasingly modernized military is operating at levels not seen since the cold war at the same time russia is using indirect activities to advance its strategic objectives throughout europe along its periphery in the middle east and beyond russia has demonstrated a willingness and capability to use political provocation spread different decision from asian and undermine democratic institutions but russia is firing back accusing britain of dishonesty foreign minister sergei lavrov says it would be absurd to launch an attack against another state ahead of a presidential election and the fee for world cup. i can't tell you the motives of our british colleagues but i don't think there are honest because what is the if
they were britain would answer the questions we've been asking and would follow the procedures of the chemical weapons convention. britain says it is ready to share the evidence it has collected foreign minister boris johnson says that will make the results of the tests in saul's very available to a team of international observers to dispel any doubts. well this has now escalated into a multi national call to help us sort it out we're joined in the studio here by quentin peel is an associate fellow with the europe program at chatham house in london we also have with us t w political correspondent kate brady and from our moscow bureau our correspondent emily sure when they're good morning to you all clinton let's start with you how important for theresa may is this joint statement yesterday with the u.s. france and germany oh i think it is absolutely vital she's in a very difficult position over this she's stuck ahead because really they have
jumped into this confrontation without having all the facts and so she needed the backup and she's in a weak political position in britain. the political position to have if you like a big international ding dong with the russians but if she's out on her own she needed six but on the one issue that dominates everything in russia because if the brits show that they have no friends left internationally then they're in real trouble in this next it from the e.u. negotiations kate how difficult was it for berlin to support this joint statement implicating russia in the attack were you know this would be a very difficult decision to take if we know that she did tends to sit back and think about her actions for a very long time in the new foreign minister he's only been in office for three
days now but he did say on wednesday just after he was sworn in that germany would be strengthening its political stance particularly in terms of international politics and says well any kind of aggression or anyone who is a gangster what germany sees as it's all it's and so he's you know of course this is a big chance for a gemini to say where he went back we have on new government and that they are strengthened and that international political stands now let's just catch up. where we are britain has expelled russian diplomats and announced that it will boycott the soccer world cup in russia later this year but there is talk also of other retaliate possible retaliatory measures coming out of this including a cyber attack here's what the british experts had to say about all of this and you can commit as a number of tools at its disposal in the sphere of cyber warfare the u.k. has offensive cyber capabilities and one might expect expect that these are put
t.'s against russia in the eventuality that it's needed the obvious option or an obvious option would be to target a launch cyber attacks against and has no organizations within russia that are responsible for information warfare disseminating fake news creating fake profiles on social media and so on and so forth. and do fox all there well let's bring in emily now from our moscow bureau emily the sabers are rattling russia's facing retaliation for an attack it says it didn't carry out what's the response from the kremlin. well we don't know yet what the actual measures will be that russia will take in response. to spokesperson meeting because golf has said that the mere putin himself will be taking a final decision on what the measures will be but there has been outrage and denial here in russia over these accusations the kremlin spokesperson said that putin
expressed his outrage over what's been happening he said that the british position is destructive and called the british response a provocation now it is noting at this worth noting at this point that there is no final proof that the russian state is behind this this investigation is ongoing and at least publicly we don't actually know that this was russia and so understandably the russian response has been denial yesterday the deputy chief foreign minister said again. also pointed out or said that russia had destroyed its chemical weapons last year and all the while russia has also been pointing out that they're willing to cooperate so we'll have to see what the final measures will be but there has been outrage here in russia ok outrage all round clinton theresa may is in
a tough spot as you already pointed out and what she's got in the show of solidarity that she wanted from her main is what are her options in this cause. i think quite limited but we've already got sanctions on russia over ukraine and crimea. there is however one key area and i think this is what everybody's going to watch and that's when. on the flow of russian money through london there is an oaf a lot of the russian money that is if you like to use no other word loaned through london and the brits have been very hesitant clamping down on that it's high time they did the opposition is pushing them to be much tougher on that and i think that's actually the one thing they could do that might actually really hurt in moscow and let's look a little closer at the response to this joint response and what the various leaders are saying about the russian attack on france's president manuel mccaughan he's
used much firmer language kate than chancellor angela merkel let's have a listen in to what my aunt had to say to put the quad the high school said everything makes us believe that russia is responsible for the us and others in the joint work of the british and french agencies confirms that. there's if france strongly condemns this unacceptable attack on the soil of an allied nation that they can accept evidence. so a very forceful amount while mccaughan there he also had this to say by the way said i will have the opportunity to talk about this tomorrow with chancellor merkel she's on our way to paris during her paris visit no i will announce in the coming days the measures that we intend to take kate can we expect more sanctions also from the side of france and germany at least from germany side it really depends
now on how russia responds and if they co-wrote choose to cooperate with the u.k. and ask all across that they sanctions that you mentioned before clinton and the muckle not so long ago i was seeking to have those left at from russia but we did have from the defense minister on the lion just yesterday she said that there would be consequences that russia would have to deal with if they refused to cooperate and so it was this there is a lot of pressure on germany right now to take this responsibility as it's growing role in europe a lot of pressure on all these leaders of the moment thank you all these only sure when in moscow clinton peel from chatham house with us here in the studio and of course kate bret your political correspondent thanks thank you all in a must say stick around we're going to be talking a little more about chancellor merkel's visit to paris because today under michael is heading to france for talks with president amount of well calling the two
leaders who have built a strong relationship since mccollum's election or expect discuss not just the british russian crisis but also the french president's ambitious agenda for the european union the call is pushing for a eurozone budget as well as greater tax harmonization and is hoping that berlin will join his campaign. german chancellor angela merkel is under pressure even with a new government the european union is keen to move forward and french president emmanuel along with the rest of europe wants to move even faster. if you want to forge a compromise at european level you need to have a strong german government in place i think that there are two real tough issues which need to be settled. paris wants a strong euro zone with its own budget and an e.u. finance minister berlin would prefer a european monetary fund in spite of the new german government finding common ground remains difficult there is pressure coming also from paris because next year
we will have european parliament elections breck's it is going to come into the final moment we will have a new institutional cycle of european year of need solutions before then time is running out for a new e.u. asylum. paris and berlin need a common approach fast for the divisions between eastern and western europe could widen this is going to be a very difficult issue to tackle but with the pressure from paris and berlin jointly putting pressure on others who are less ready more hesitant i think a compromise still is possible paris is also setting the tone on defense more cooperation france is willing to give up some sovereignty it wants a partnership with germany more than with britain expectations are high for the new german government. for the period of time in which there was no government in place that obviously did not make brother stronger but rather weaker. germany has to step
up its pace. it is kept europe waiting long enough now it's time for berlin to deliver. political correspondent kate brady is still with us kate a lot of on the call must be thrilled that chancellor merkel finally has her government in place and can. finally weigh in on the ongoing discussion about europe's future what is amenable mccollum likely to hear from the chancellor when they meet today well i think at the moment he shouldn't be expecting to hear too much of course we heard from michael elliott in the week just after she was race warren and as a german chancellor she was keen to get the ball rolling i'm a quick progress in pushing through these a year reforms but of course she is also taking her new finance minister off scholtz with her today and i think this will be quite and interesting as i experiment from a call to see how schultz who is obviously a social democrat and medical
a conservative how they react and deal with the fiscal policy that's been discussed here of course the social democrats generally very supportive of the reforms of be suggested by michael and include in this large investment budget and also a joint eurozone finance minister but these are two things that merkel and her conservatives have been quite critical of so it would be quite interesting for michael to see exactly how much unity there is there on this reform front and what progress can be made but i'm sure for now he'll be more than thrilled as you say that germany has finally reached out to this hand that has been offering for quite some months now to push through these reforms political correspondent thank you so much. france and germany also be on the post economic heavyweights of europe together they will decisive influence over european economic policy historically the two
have not always been easy bedfellows as we all know but these days thanks to by the actual business corporation they've become become practically inseparable. aviation giant has been a joint franko german venture since the nine hundred sixty s. last year the french joined persia on board its german competitor opel and six months ago siemens and. merger plans these cooperation's have strengthened european businesses globally but trade between the neighbors is still growing. in twenty seventeen germany exported goods worth over one hundred five billion euros france was the second largest receiver of good stamped made in germany after the usa at the same time germany imported french products worth more than sixty four billion euros putting french goods in third place behind china and the netherlands the countries have well developed trade connections now france wants convergence on fiscal policy two one suggestion is to create
a euro zone investment fund which would support european states if they run into financial problems because of austerity policies. this sunday vladimir putin is expected to win the presidential presidential elections in russia by a landslide his popularity across the country is not just about his charisse my leadership style which many russians appreciate voters also credit him with an improving economic situation. this engine production plant in the russian city of specializes in military machinery among its most important customers is the russian government the company's order books are full to perhaps to the country's economic recovery. because. russia's economic growth is mostly out of the covering in the global economy and the associated recovery in commodities prices like oil and natural gas russia is highly reliant on income from oil and gas forty
to fifty percent of that flows directly into russian government coffers so it earns a lot more from the sale of commodities and it does from taxes. some of that money is spent on military hardware over the past few years russian military spending has climbed significantly but experts say that moscow's intervention in syria's civil war doesn't account for much of the total military expenditure. type stuff up off we look at the amount of fuel consumed estimate the cost of staffing and the cost of aircraft carrier deployment and we come to around three billion euros that's about two percent of the defense budget over the past three years a body that's. when russian president vladimir putin visited the plant back in january he wanted the tempo increased the military hardware is not just furnishing russian forces but being exported to china and latin america but putin also
outlined plans to increase civilian production of power station turbines for example. at some stage defense orders will have peaked and we'll have to ensure that these firms remain and that these modern plants so utilise to their capacity. just like in the old days the russian government decides what russian factories produce and in that regard little is said to change after putin's likely reelection this weekend. we'll have more on those upcoming elections for you later in the show when we will go live to our correspondent in. it set out to be one of the biggest corporate takeovers ever but the tie up of german pharmaceutical bio and u.s. seed and fertilizer produce a month's sum to apparently has run into a snag according to the news agency bloomberg u.s.
officials are increasingly worried the merger would be bad for competition talks between the two companies are ongoing and reports that buyers working to ease concerns in washington companies are not commenting on that rich. famous red double decker buses have hit the roads of another major capital alexander dennis one of the companies that produces the trade bob vehicles secured an international forty four million pound deal that paints the streets of mexico city in red. you might just think you're in london but the key night observer will notice this double decker steering wheel is on the left that's because it's driving on mexican roads a novelty for locals. but that doesn't make me feel very muggy as if i'm in london all i'm very happy to be using it for the first time and there's another thing that is. mexico city is
a strolling metropolis that has long been battling air pollution authorities hope the new low emission buses will help keep the clean up but replacing older models and easing traffic congestion. just at the most of it has more space it's more comfortable and it comes more frequently so it's hardly have a full in. the new bus fleet can transport up to one hundred thirty thousand people per day but that's only a drop in the bucket considering the twenty million people that live in and around mexico city meaning u.k. manufacturers might just have an order of two coming their way. respect to terry thanks scott. feat execution style murder of a brazilian councilwoman in rio has sparked huge protests in rio de janeiro and b. all tens of thousands have taken to the streets to protest the killing of mari other franco an outspoken critic of police violence who was gunned down by unknown assailants angry protesters marched to the city state assembly demanding an end to
the violence that's plaguing brazil anger mixed with grief the loss of a rising political star. mariano franco spent a short political career campaigning against police killings of poor residents in rio de janeiro's for velo as vibrant and outspoken she appealed to young and marginalized voters through campaign videos like this one less like your style. but on wednesday mario franco became the city's latest victim of violence she was shot dead in her car along with her driver. the characteristics are of an execution we have to resolve this is soonest possible not just for us but for rio de janeiro this is completely inadmissible a person full of life full of desire a fundamental person. who was brutally murdered. franco rose from a poor background in the favelas to be elected to the rio city council in two
thousand and sixteen. she used her platform to call on the city to track statistics about violence against women and spoke out about frequent police shootings. of her death has sparked an outpouring of grief. mourners see her she was silenced. but he was said because today a black woman who had much hope in the struggle and who lived enough of that no was taken by all this injustice in rio de janeiro we're not going to allow this to continue mariel is here and mary you know is she it was evident was. her supporters have called for her killers to be found and brought to justice they vow to continue franco's fight against official violence in a city which according to human rights groups has one of the deadliest police forces in the world. so you look now at some of the other stories making headlines around the world today at least four people were killed after
a pedestrian bridge collapsed in florida on thursday at least nine people were injured rescue workers are searching the rubble for anyone who may still be alive the newly constructed bridge came down on a multi-lane highway in miami crushing several cars the united nations has accused mexican investigators of torturing dozens of cysts of suspects arrested over the disappearance of forty three students in two thousand and fourteen the students were traveling to a protest in the southern city of it while the mexican protesters say they were intercepted by corrupt police and handed over to a drug cartel. street clashes have erupted in madrid over the death of an african vendor witnesses say the thirty five year old was trying to escape a police crackdown on illegal street sales when he died hundreds of protesters blocked streets in the spanish capital.
well it was a night to forget going to sleep inside receive dortmund as they crashed out of the europa league at the hands of our besides books dortmund were already trailing two one from the first leg but struggled to get into the game it took the german side nearly forty four minutes to register their first shot on goal and barely threaten the austrian champions a goal is draw was good enough results for to advance to the last eight. well lima hotel from v.w. sports is here to discuss the europa league action good morning alina. dortmund bad time they're in the champions league now they're out of the europa league what was a problem. this was actually a very doable tie. you know even after losing the frest leg two to one against what they could have back but like the piece just mentioned if it takes you forty four
minutes to have your frist shot on goal what do you expect seriously what do you expect i mean they just had so few chances they were disoriented and they had absolutely no chemistry and you know it looked like at times it looked like as if you have these players you know played together for the first time ever they failed to show up the effort wasn't there but i think what dortmund needs to do move on and forget and this is one of dortmund worst showings in europe and they need to just forget about that focus direct all your energy on seeing a champions league spot this season and then hope for big changes in the summer. ok let's look at leipsic leipsic are still carrying the flag for germany who will they be looking to ovoid in the quarter finals and so while stephan at me at a coma tread just asked by a new nick they're very very tough opponent. they second in aussie know as
well a team to avoid a very experienced european side but you know we could also get a very interesting match up we could possibly have lights against face off and of course both of our red bull is involved in both of them and at the start of the season there was this debate of you know is this a conflict of interest and somehow red bull convinced you a fed that it's not and leipsic of course is not a very like club in germany it's seen as a like that. i mean. in a very personal thing he talks about the family and. earth the home or saving googling to just tell stories of creative people and innovative projects around the world like to use that protect the climate and boost
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image and using find no meaning for me that i'm wearing creasing green dangerous to . make. welcome back you're watching news i'm terry march and our top story the u.s. is imposing new sanctions on russia over alleged meddling in the twenty sixteen u.s. presidential election it's also signed a joint declaration with france and germany in support of britain standoff with russia over a poison attack on a former russian spy. and german chancellor angela merkel is heading to france for talks with president manuel mccomb discussions are expected to focus only on some vicious agenda with the european. russian's vote in presidential elections this coming sunday march eighteenth with vladimir putin all but guaranteed another six year term it was on that same day march eighteenth four
years ago that russia annexed the crimean peninsula from ukraine over the handful of countries have declared the annexation illegal for president putin though it's a symbol of russian identity and national strength our correspondent nicholas connelly went to crimea to find out how people there feel about reintegration he not only needed permission from kiev but also a filming license from the russian foreign ministry complex assignment in a disputed territory. at forty meters the soldier in salem ornament towers above sebastopol a potent reminder of the city's place in soviet and russian military history. even when sebastopol became part of independent ukraine russia's black sea fleet stayed put. when russia annexed crimea in twenty fourteen not even russia's closest allies recognize the move. but the locals like activist drama all of that doesn't matter.
crimea and russia she says share an identity we definitely all great just die of grief it was about returning home before i didn't have a country i could be proud of when the olympics were on i always supported russia when it came to reading my child bedtime stories the stories were russian ones which i told my kids about russian history russians are as good that's what i know . back in twenty fourteen the west responded with economic sanctions the distiller place international companies left and mcdonald's became piece book. more crucially so did many banks sanctions mean the international cards are not accepted in crimea and it's not possible to withdraw cash it's the same story with foreign mobile phones crossing into crimea means losing signal but apart from sanctions what else has changed for people in sebastopol it's not an easy question to answer expressing doubts about the legitimacy of russia's control of the region can carry
a jail to move up to five years my life became a lot easier than do i live the same life i lived before not much has changed for me i feel great. she says life has changed. and we have more certainty it was one thing you called mrs sebastopol of the upcoming presidential elections at every turn posts remind people of their duty to vote yes but certainly not i just turned eighteen and voting for my first time and voting is a big deal for me. national your city i hope that my generation makes the right choice is dealing directly with the my in my opinion that's fighting near that amir that. which in the world is in this wonderful country there's no point in going to vote. even russia's cosmonauts have been enlisted to bring out the vote one group that's less likely than others to follow that call crimea's muslim tartar
minority persecuted by soviet authorities and deported to central asia in the one nine hundred forty s. and were only allowed to return home after the end of communism since twenty fourteen rational authorities have banned the middle east the tardo communities ruling body and close the tartar language t.v. channel but this conflict is also about land is it a financial compensation for the deputies on the ukraine these families and many like them were given land to build homes they say russian authorities and now are making on that commitment. well as right now they're threatening that they'll bring in the bulldozers and pull down our homeless. people are in despair afraid of ending up on the street i mean yeah we held hunger strikes but local media don't cover them what you will show me to feel organized even a small protest with a few banners they put you in jail for ten days. now the head of our group here
fatso he was arrested and i thought i just don't know what that is them as the evening draws in downtown civilized grinds to a halt true to form that keeps everyone guessing awaiting for what will be an appearance of just a few minutes. from what you're seeing you give us all thanks to your decision and yet unknown is a vast poll and crimea have returned home to our common home to your mother russia and i see. i on sunday russia in crimea to go to the polls sixty five days is no coincidence coming as it does for us today since russian expediency was nearly twenty years since he first became president vladimir putin will now be hoping the memory of those in the events is enough to bring people to politics this is despite the fact that many see the election as a full years. here in sebastopol those memories are still very much alive what's
less clear is where the crimea still has the same emotional pool across the length and breadth over russia's ten times. i was a report there from our ukraine correspondent nicholas conley and nick joins us now from the ukrainian capital first of all we don't see a lot of western news reports coming out of crimea how difficult was it for you to film there. good morning terry well there's certainly a fair amount of bureaucracy in getting there first the commissions from the ukrainian side and then having to travel to moscow to get my accreditation from the russians but that's only the detail i spent a few hours at the crossing where i was interviewed by russian security agents they went through my phones my computers but the really important thing is a certain reluctance on the part of people in crimea to open up you really get the sense people are thinking twice about what they're saying to you it's not a big place it's a sort of small self-contained region everyone knows everyone and particularly
those talks are families are speaking to we saw in the report were very concerned to limits their comments to the issue of the houses that homes and to not go into more broader political matters as we mentioned the reports there is a war in russia that allows for punishment of people who. put in doubt russia's territory and take your chin they the russian side sees crimea as its territory so anyone who says that crimea is still part of ukraine can face up to five years in jail that's a very serious break on people's willingness to talk critically especially to western journalists ok nick let's talk about the upcoming election the presidential election that's scheduled for sunday now the timing of this election is very symbolic it's on the same day that crimea was an extra what should we make of that well they're really not letting leaving any room for confusion there. branding if
you can put it that way of the concerts and the appearance of vladimir putin's rosabelle was all about that and i think that was not just for the local audience that was for a national audience i think that in a putin here is pitching his. the achievements of his past term in office as being someone who is bringing back together as he would see it russians back into russia not being limited by the expectations of the west someone who's willing to risk a conflict to regain a rebuild some of that russian unity that was lost in the collapse of the soviet union he has repeated in the past called the collapse the union the biggest geopolitical catastrophe the twentieth century so i think that is very clearly what he's trying to sell as the big takeaway from the last six years. russia's annexation of crimea came at a cost to provoke ongoing international sanctions has it been worth it from
president putin perspective what does it gain from. well on the one hand he can. appeal to this motif he likes to position himself as the protector of russia's interests and who's standing up to the west. economic analysts in russia are divided some will say that the impact these sanctions has have meant that russia's growth has been seen reduced that it has reduced russian access to west and money western capital that could have being used for investment in russia on the other hand it's great opportunities especially agriculture because all these western products don't reach russia anymore because inside russia have been able to expand i think at the moment he seems to at least openly to state that he has been worth it and that you know he makes very. very breezy about the impact and likes to tell western journalists that it's all daily
a scratch on russia's performance and that is actually. a natural reaction the west was is always going to try to limit russia's success that this motif that we keep hearing from the kremlin the west is not willing to see a strong russia so anything that strengthens us position is going to come up with raise west opposition you mentioned the branding of this election to bring it into connection with crimea and is there a chance that putin might actually go to crimea to cast his ballot we've been hearing murmurings about. well. likes to keep very quiet about his movements even the appearance since last fall wasn't confirmed until the last moment he definitely has spent a lot of time in crimea of the last week he was on the bridge that's being built to connect crimea with russia proper it's huge construction project that's taking
years and that's been a big big prestige focus for government efforts he was open to new power station that was again another issue crimea had been dependent on ukraine electricity and now up new power stations being built so those rule key. stations that he's campaigned this last week if you'll be there. on sunday we won't know until the last minute but it would fit the whole pattern of what we've seen in recent days nick thank you so much did always nick connelly that in kenya now the family of a real want an official killed in the nine hundred ninety four genocide there is seeking justice in a brussels court he was one of two thousand people massacred in a school where they had sought refuge his daughter says belgian troops posted at the school could have stopped the killing but instead with drew leaving those inside to their fate.
we hope to have a report there for you we might come back to that so moving on to the. i think we're there. for me to my place because she wants to protect her children and doesn't want them to know how close she came to death she finally once justice and believes that thousands of lives could have been saved. if i'm really angry our lives were worthless in rwanda at the time of aunty you land us father was once the country's foreign minister these pictures show him at a meeting soon after the family had to flee from hutu militias to learn i was thirteen years old the family sought refuge at the don bosco school in kigali which was protected by belgian un peacekeepers you learn that shows me a photo of her sister in front of the building she says they believe the u.n.
soldiers would keep them safe but then suddenly a un jeep drove away i heard people shouting they are leaving my mother panicked and tried to get away people were asking the soldiers to shoot them otherwise they would be lynched von rush a. people were trying to hold on to the legals but the soldiers shot into the air to get rid of them i saw them driving away and was shocked at thirteen i didn't dare imagine what would happen next. as member. of the belgian peacekeepers withdrew on the eleventh of april one thousand nine hundred ninety four the unspeakable followed hutus attacked the school on the same day murdering two thousand to seize. a brussels court is now deciding who is to blame for the mess or we need your london smothered there her family is suing the belgian state
for failing to protect civilians the trial has already gone on for more than ten years now it's drawing to a close. then we can finally overcome our grief and tell ourselves that the victims souls are resting in peace with. the main question in the trial is whether the bajan un soldiers abandoned the two thousand refugees and left them to die an independent inquiry team sharply criticized the budget decision to pull out of front and the early days of the genocide the decision of belgium peacekeepers to retreat from the school leaving civilians inside to report sure it is described as disgraceful the families of the victims away the for addict and hope that the version state finally house to recognise its part of responsibility in the genocide of rhonda the belgian state denies responsibility and says soldiers riffle owing un
orders but lawyers of the victims insist that the order to withdraw came from precedents. for. the belgian strongly intervened in preparing their troops to pull out had they stayed only two days longer this bloodbath wouldn't have happened the produce. your nonnes father couldn't be safed he died at the hands of hutu militias it's in his memory that you learn that and her family refused to give up in their fight for justice. moving on to the philippines hiv treatment has made great strides in recent years and worldwide infection rates have dropped that's thanks to higher awareness and new medications but in the philippines the situation is different it now appears that a new strain of h i v that's dangerous and drug resistant is behind
a spike in infections there between two thousand and ten and two thousand and sixteen infection rates in the east asian state have skyrocketed the new infection rate in the philippines jumped one hundred forty percent and the trend isn't expected to slow down health authorities now predict that the number of cases of h i.v. in the philippines could nearly triple that's from around fifty thousand right now to more than one hundred forty thousand by the year two thousand and twenty two experts are calling for a closer study of the new strain spreading in the country otherwise it could lead to a dangerous resurgence with global consequences. well for more on the startling spike in infections and the evolution of h.i.v. let's bring in an epidemiologist dr bonnie he joins us from manila thank you for talking with us how dangerous is this new the strain dr and are we possibly looking at another epidemic. well the current strain in the philippines or
the current situation in the philippines is unusual in that compared to the rest of the world really been having an explosive epidemic this train is not new actually it is a strain that is more common in southeast asia in ireland as a matter of fact but what is so unusual about the philippines was we had not seen the strain being up a dominant strain in the philippines and all of a sudden it flips and becomes a dominant strain we don't know too much about the strains because they are what we call non be subtypes which are less studied compared to be so types that are seen in the united states in western europe and we're seeing some alarming rates of drug resistance among these new strains or we've seen major advances also in treatment of h.i.b. in recent years and there was a general perception perception that this was now manageable could this is this new
strain completely resistant can it not be managed. it can be managed it's not completely resistant but it does develop resistance faster it seems like it the other thing is that while in the united states in europe you have about twenty eight anti-retroviral drugs we use three at a time in the in most of the world in the developing world like africa and in asia we only had six drugs and so while some of the drugs that are currently being used in western countries should be effective for this those drugs are not available in this part of the world and we could see major consequences with that in availability of drugs why are we seeing this spike happening now in the philippines why are infection rates so high there. right the interesting thing about the philippines is i think we've just been really lucky our s.t.'s t.v.
sexually transmitted infection rates are similar to those among asia thailand has a million cases of h i v i think that we've been lucky in the sense that we've been insulated from this epidemic but when this news train came in we pretty much our luck would run out and it really spread like wildfire and this ass strain like i said it's not new it's from and southeast asia but it's really supplanted our old strain which was less aggressive so we're seeing this new strain becoming the dominant strain in the philippines that's already well established in other countries in the region doesn't have the potential to spread globally. it already is spreading globally this strain which is which is a recombinant form of a chinese be called c r f a e we're starting to see this encroach into canada australia and the united states in some parts of the word where it was mostly be
typed we're now seeing up to five percent of this strain slowly getting into the into the hiv population so what in your opinion needs to be done to limit the spread of this non b. type of hiv virus. well i think we need to look at viruses better because even though subtype b. which is the western subtype only accounts for twelve percent of the total number of hiv in the world most of the research on treatment ninety percent of the research on treatment is for a subtype b. but the genetic difference between some be and the other subtypes can be as much as twenty five to thirty five percent of its whole genetic material so that's that's you know that's really far that's like the difference between a coral end and maybe a dog so it's a very big genetic distance and so it's it i think it's dangerous to assume
that the treatment that works for some type b. works just this well for ninety subtypes i think we really need to take a look at more research in this area so that we don't see a second epidemic thank you for your insights dr bonna there talking to us from manila in the philippines thank you very much the next story follows the money trail linked to one of the biggest uncut diamonds in the world neary only a year ago miners in sierra leone dug up what became known as the peace diamond the government promised the poor some of the profits from that rock back into development projects but the villagers who found the precious stone say that hasn't happened a dream creech has this exclusive report. foreheads traveled for an hour through the jungle of sierra leone. wanted to show us the mine
that is known the world over and the head of the nearby village one year ago diggers found a huge diamant the so-called peace diamant and the more himself held it in his own hands still put it i was so happy we all wear the diamond was so big and the people here were happy because they thought now we'll see some money. seven hundred and nine carats no one had ever seen a diamond that large five figures walking for past or whether once to find it first the past or brought the diamonds to the district chief then together they personally delivered the diamonds to the president of sierra leone this was rare usually diamants us smuggled out of the region in december there was an auction in new york that raised six point five million dollars forty percent should go to the past or sixty percent to the government the government promised to spend part of
the money to support the village and the district. the diamond was quickly labeled peacetime and because it was supposed to be a game changer changing the way things work here instead of a few people who get the profits from the diamond the whole community was supposed to benefits but things turned out the other way. back in the village there is no electricity no hospital not even a paved street one of the three teachers in the village show us the school where two hundred children are taught this is just it is not it is not a school this is just a part of the young not even a school building look at it it's supposed to be a school as long as we are living in conditions like this diamond shouldn't leave the country they'll have is just a part of the young not even a school building look at it. that's supposed to be a school as long as we're living in conditions like this diamond shouldn't leave the country he'll have a great time in america with
a diamond but what about. god should punish you all. we. graduate under more the village head shows us where the new school was supposed to be built but there's nothing to see no construction no development but the pastor and the chief the traditional leader here in the region promised progress they told us to find a piece of land and cleared in the name of the government but we haven't heard from them since we did that. in the provincial capital we were able to interview the chief he is on the government payroll he assures us though that he has not received any money from the diamond but he is certain the government will invest one million dollars in the region patience is required. reason to do. that. for example. into office.
but i. do believe that. in sierra leone's capital freetown we tried to interview government officials but no one would speak to us we were unable to get in touch with the pastor as well apparently he has built four houses in the meantime. inquired do they are still waiting waiting for school for electricity for a medical clinic they are waiting for justice and hoping a new diamond will surface sometime soon for an exclusive report by the w.c. green krishna just for we go a quick reminder for top stories of us imposing new sanctions on russia over alleged meddling in. twenty sixteen u.s. presidential election it's also signed a joint declaration with france and germany in support of britain standoff with
russia over a poison attack on a former russian spy and german chancellor angela merkel is heading to france for talks with president i'm on a book called their discussions are expected to focus on my calls and issues agenda for the european union. you're watching the news coming to you from berlin and we have more in just a couple minutes the whole. movie .
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this is d. w. news coming to you live from berlin getting tough on russia the u.s. announces fresh sanctions almost go for meddling in the twenty sixteen presidential election and it joins friends in germany in a show of support for the u.k. as london accuses russia appearing out a nerve agent attack on a former double dates. and conflict with russia's old.