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tv   Doc Film - Public Enemy Number One  Deutsche Welle  April 17, 2018 11:15am-12:01pm CEST

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you write your own history and we have the tools to make our own bit of history and the largest in name. but that is exactly what by and coach you pint is once he's also retiring and a widow of a lady the kids mill keep him and buy in on calls for a second trouble in five years. and you're watching the news from berlin we have more at the top of the hour sumi will be with you then of course you'll find all our stories online dot com thanks for. the. information they provide. a means to express t.w. on facebook and twitter up to date and in touch. i'll
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talk to you once but i'm stuck on a schedule be attacked. it could happen but friends watch out for me i don't tend to go around on my own. it's good. but of course a crazy guy could just flip. since i know. we arrived on the scene half an hour ago because the police the police are currently securing the evidence it's terrible so i can't be impersonal soon. as shoes are still on the street there's blood carefully surrounded by a chalk outline the standard police procedure just so it's a sign they want also to leak stuff and the bicycle is still in the exact position it. after movie ditched it was hit by three or four shots it's really just awful to
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seditious. but this is really a stunt to see. the only purpose of our lives more or less lies in our absolute devotion to the truth we can only achieve freedom and order by continuously striving for truth truth is right just order. a twenty year old student wrote these lines in one nine hundred sixty and got a ninety eight years later he was the leader of the extra parliamentary opposition a media stuff and on foreign terry. the brains of the student movement had been shot i know. one of the eye witnesses is here obviously but it's the stunt you were here and saw what happened because she and i leave it that
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we thought they were shooting pigeons but then we saw men running away and we came over here and so did go lying there he stood up and screamed for his parents and he said i have to get to the barbers with iran another fifteen meters then he collapsed his last words were soldiers soldiers. among the soldiers returning home after the war was out front he'd been conscripted at a young age little rooty didn't know his father but at home his mother always told him that men in uniforms weren't to be trusted rudi would never accept his father as an authority figure. else but dutch girl raised her four sons on her run rudy was the youngest born on the seventh of march nine hundred forty. when his father was already at the front
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his mother raised her children in the christian faith she was a devout protestant pious but not on worldly. i'm chuffed one of them i'm sure of my that was a community where my mother was in charge my father fell into line two when my father came back he didn't want to recognize my father as his biological father because he'd never seen him he would rebel when my father said here don't touch that. because i thought he would hit back if he was slapped. the dodgers lived in look at nevada a small rural town in vandenberg some fifty kilometers south of burlington in the heart of cummings east germany. looking back he wrote the rural tradition definitely has a certain warmth but it's always based on i'm limited to hard work in the field i
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definitely didn't have a liberal middle class childhood i had to work college. in one nine hundred fifty four rudy started in the get hot helped my high school in look in love that history was his favorite subject he was a conscientious student and got good grades not because it was demanded of him but because he enjoyed learning and set himself high standards. he once wrote we can see today what the few other and this is i should have brought as a unified germany is currently inconceivable my mother didn't have us four sons for the war we hate the war and want peace even at a young age made no attempts to hide his convictions. in the i'm a nine hundred fifty eight rudy spoke publicly for the first time at the annual
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congress of the so-called free german youth school group he had rehearsed his speech at home he didn't talk about sports but about why people shouldn't join the national people's army. and there was trouble last year when i wasn't willing to join the army i was a member of the free german youth. and there was a confrontation at an annual congress when i voiced an opinion about the army and socialism and about the national question. i came out in favor of reunification and socialism but not socialism in its current forces today is that it is mostly a bit. instead of the grade he deserved because overall grade was reduced which meant that he forfeited his place studying
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sports journalism in large sick. instead he trained to be an industrial clunk he hopes the east german authorities would forget about him but after completing his training he was refused a place in leipzig a second time. rudi decided to study in west germany instead but to do that he first had to get a west german high school diploma the wall was not yet built and he commuted back and forth between look at nevada and west berlin he seemed immune to the temptations of the capitalist city he was at home as much as possible but suddenly his way back was closed off. and anything with. i drove to tell toe on the edge of west berlin with rudy on a motorbike it was all closed off already in preparation for the wall but there
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were checks on the way that they knew us and they let us leave i drove into the station and tell. if that's where we said goodbye in sixty one thinking it wouldn't be long before now that i think that. east germany turned him into a foreigner but. germany was also foreign to him you can valor was his home routine was to remain an advocate for german reunification for the rest of his life. now things like after the second world war the government started talking nonstop about reunification twenty years have gone by and it's not happening what we do have governments that are institutionalized lying machines machines of half truths and distortion that people aren't being told the truth means there's no dialogue
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with the masses no critical dialogue that could explain what's going on in society and how the economic miracle suddenly came to an end and why there's no progress on reunification it's just one this there's talk of relaxing the rules to allow more freedom of movement across the border but what they mean is maintaining their own political power might offer a completion nasha. in october nine hundred sixty one really to enrolled at the free university in west berlin he studied sociology he was rooted a seeker and so he immersed himself in his studies he read everything he laid his hands on. i feel splendid at the moment i studied tirelessly for ten to twelve hours a day he wrote in his diary. he read heidegger void plato and max weber. the crucial thing was he read.
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that was a prostitute certainty came from the written word but which word. read on and on reading never meant just understanding to him it also meant understanding something about himself the twenty two year old christian with a socialist heart red car marks. he commented the only thing that mattered to me in that moment was reading and studying those things that didn't match my direct experience of life in east germany but was still connected. would call this a process of working through he worked through his past and recognized even in real world socialism people exploiting each other. there is no true socialism on earth yet socialism with
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a human face. from then on this would be his utopia. sociology is an all round area of study and unbinding of human history he cared about the big picture and would no longer settle for anything less. on a list of expenses he noted hundred mars means to preserve the body and therefore the mind everything was aimed at understanding understanding first then action. in his student lodgings dreamed of changing the world. in one nine hundred sixty four the congolese prime minister morse a trauma bay visited berlin church goer organized a protest conjunction with a subversive happening planned by a group of artists in berlin. he led the protesters to shine about town hall while
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his demonstration had police approval this route was illegal it was greeted with tomatoes he was accused of having arranged the murder of patrice lumumba who had served as the first prime minister of the independent democratic republic of the congo it was the first time students clashed with police a scandal in berlin it was almost arrested strong athlete that he was he was able to get a wife. on the one hand there was a critic of the borzois capitalist order but on the other he was a devoted family man. met an american woman in a cafe in one thousand nine hundred sixty four and name was gay and she was a christian he could talk to her about religion and theology they became close but
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dutch his first love was for the revolution and he broke up with her the split didn't last long. he needed to live with bleach and clots in american women she studying theology. thesis is on revolutionary tendencies in the episodic age. while rudy's comrades were waxing lyrical about free love he chose a very different style. with. this bonnie. and as a line that we wanted to have a party and we invited lots of people. i know that's fine and like now friends people from different working groups from the third world groups done so i know our hawkes i composed a kind of wedding speech and it was read out loud as a kind of sermon a lighter or complacent. heart. prayed. berlin
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in the mid sixty's wrote things are getting serious now for the revolutionaries who see they are a tiny minority that will remain irrelevant to society for quite some time because it exists largely outside of society. wanted to get those who are disadvantaged by the capitalist system to become active because people only destroy their traditional norms if they believe they can improve their situation. to the socialist german student league formally the student wing of the social democratic party seem to be the perfect instrument for this. or that he rose quickly through the leagues ranks but many long established members thought he was too radical. his nickname was put upon the word push meaning to. weeks. it's often difficult to reconcile the demands are studying with being
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politically and socially active a brief passion in ramadi had the satchel every morning he filled it with boats around twenty of them it was always full i couldn't lift it he carried it around so he always had something to. so we said known together very often to talk critically about our past activities to come up with new theoretical approaches and to prepare for the next round of confrontation he's made that film for by. his political concept was summarized as education through action he was impressed by the fiery action ism of other revolutionaries such as dita consumer and for its toys for. got involved in their plans for a commune moving in together free conversation and free love but really was married to his vows as seriously as he took politics free love wasn't his thing and he
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could get a natural high from ideas. rolling thunder in february one thousand nine hundred fifty five the americans started their aerial bombing campaign of north vietnam the first ground troops arrived in march the vietnam war outraged many left leaning intellectuals not least in germany during clude it was an issue with international impact and clear perpetrators and victims. americans get out of viet nam demanded the activists who staged protests demonstrate their solidarity with the viet cong coffers. revered his fellow student activists used illegal tactics such as pedestrian provocation disguised as harmless but as streams they distributed flyers and regularly came together as blocks of demonstrators. they numbered only around fifty but the police
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arrested eighty six pedestrians including window shoppers tourists to journalists and would be judged he was considered the ring leader he was no longer one of many he was now a public figure. the berlin a tight. newspaper described him as having messy black hair pacing eyes on the bushy eyebrows and a leather jacket a society's worst night man made flesh according to the right wing press and by axel should bring out wherever he showed up trouble wasn't far away. i cried ladies and gentleman vietnam isn't the talking points on the third of june vietnam will be the talking point tomorrow during the shah's visit to the vietnam
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war and they started it. was when michelle or of persia came to visit we didn't know much about iran about our own country we thought the shah was just an attractive man with an attractive wife and a happy family from a happy country it wasn't until the students came with their flying is that we learnt the truth about the show that he was to blame for maintaining an illiterate rate among his people of eighty percent that infant mortality was fifty percent and that he even self pocketed four hundred million dollars every year while his subjects starved on just seventy dollars i on the evening of the second of june an opera visit the schedule of the magic flute but the theatre started before hand the shah had brought with him supporters who launched themselves at the entry shot demonstrators fighting. i a student owners or was shot by police officer col hans could last that night from
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now on everything seemed possible persia vietnam in the state firing shots it seemed like rudy was right the freedom across the border was revealing its true friends violent and maybe even fascist. a week later benno on a zog was buried in one of the several thousand people walk behind the coffin a congress took place in the evening it's hidden agenda the question of violent action ok so fess a hamas your undefined objectivism is battering the subject to death not emancipating him. sorry these if your dreams that i don't know from a few months lets you know if the demonstration scheduled for tuesday is forbidden and he's decided that immediately after the ban we will consult and be signed on fighting back against this the ones that bought their god and their own w.
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that and cheated them and prepare. them for sure i would like to ask have dutch good the following fishing out of me he has developed an ideology that was called utopian socialism back in eighteen forty eight this was to them on their own that might be an omen and that today must be called leftwing fascism at least i have reasons for calling it that confers most. thank god. isn't counter-violence just divine. could never really make up his mind about the violence issue. around so if i were in latin america i would fight with a gun in my hands i'm not i'm not in america i'm in west germany where fighting to make sure it never reaches the point where we have to take up arms but that's not up to us we're not in power and
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a few days later the marxist philosophy habit marc who's from berkeley california visited the free university he gave the students a justification for violent resistance job. i think the term violence covers two very different things institutionalized. violence defending the status quo and the violence of resistance that necessarily remains illegal in relation to positive law. in legal. but nobody could define exactly when resistance became illegal rudi dutschke of couldn't either but he dead to question the legitimacy of power. the next important stage in overcoming i was self-imposed isolation would be the project off expropriating their spring of cooperation. how do we work outside of the operators that assumes that west berlin could become an
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international city of subversive action that we could implement free city plans in an altered form where we could turn west berlin into an international subversive city against stalinism and fascism and in favor of supporting the third world through central europe and fascist moves this did something you didn't need to. hear the first serious strikes in west berliners where promising workers must support collecting funds and taking on the silvery functions in west berlin this will lead to an acute confrontation with structure isn't and stresses we're determined not to stand by and watch as criminal actions are at the very least incited to universities at worst supported and initiated a new light if it didn't intervene we will support universities if they support us in putting a stop to events that propel criminal action or scientific community in and long been so in debit the trial of activist fritz teufel started at the more beat
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district court on the twenty seventh of november nine hundred sixty seven teufel was accused of throwing stones the police set up a wide cordon around the courthouse seven hundred fifty officers were on duty. on the other side were around six hundred demonstrators including. he instructed the protesters to tag down the barriers took part in self as the burly impress looked on. this is the image that spread around germany taking on the spring up press anyone who hadn't understood by then realize now that he was the ringleader of.
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the unshaven revolution and the violent provocative the firebrand that's how he was presented on the front pages of the media. good evening tonight we are broadcasting an interview with rudi tortuga recorded a few weeks ago so i thought it was just a point why don't you leave politics and wouldn't that be the greater mercy for the poor devils the people you envisage such terrible times for why don't you say we can't change it let it go. we can't change it we're not hopeless idiots of history incapable of taking our fate into our own hands we can shape the world that has never been seen before characterized by an end to war and and to
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a hunger all around the world the crucial question they still recall question for me was always what was jesus christ really up to. how did he want to change his society and what means did he use. during these hours. as the world's greatest revolutionary jesus christ died in the gasping orients the unknowing counter-revolution nailed him to the cross and now twenty four year old right along good friday christianity and revolution were one in his mind. found his bible told must move as the theologian of revolution written by arabs block the philosopher from to begin block was also from east germany it was fascinated by him he was looking for a father figure block an old man an optimist became one of his intellectual fathers .
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on christmas eve nine hundred sixty seven dutch has staged a political protest and billions memorial chanche. there and of course i'm saying we did it was an impressive scene and one i'll never forget it was the christmas service in the memorial church in berlin the socialist student league had decided to organize a silent protest outside of the church with posters featuring images of the children burned by napalm and. wasn't easy because the church goers had to walk past all of these posters they had all gone to church to digest their roast goose in peace and quiet while listening to a good sermon and they sat there waiting expectantly for
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a soothing sermon by the pastor but then. came along from the last thing i know he stood on the steps of the altar and began a speech the standard christian way dear sisters and brothers and youth and then started giving a sermon on vietnam but i've never witnessed anything. like it in my life this crowd that had just seemed so peaceful was transformed into a pile of hate filled faces. under the vision the whole from the guy from the house through to france. born to strong men i grabbed rudy dutch good by the arms and dragged him through a cordon intuitionist but here i would have before he was spat out and one person beat him with his stick so that blood ran down his forehead on the. eyes of the hatred that came to light was unimaginable. they should be burned because
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they just want to cause trouble here in berlin nothing else but he should go and work he has no skills he has nothing to say he's a student but there's a student have to say is. there are people grown like attitudes but that's normal. people who have to do incredibly boring work for hours on end every day if they get together a few hours early. if they're trained to act against minorities so those who think differently. sure they'll be angry and want to let off steam. to fear that. risk you can mobilize the masses but i fear that the masses move him into that when he stands in front of a large crowd allows himself to be swayed by them and few because if that could be dangerous for him and for society that of course it is a great illusion is that he believes that he can get all the workers on his side as
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one group but it seems to me the greatest hostility to him comes from the conservative workers raised in post-war germany about the shaft. ugly brainless and unkempt this was the image of dutch get painted by the shrine. pass. the money that they should get lost. but the minister of finance us of strauss talks about the unwashed and unshaven do it with a mayor shop a bottom bodden says you have defiled churches your hooligan gifts and a lot of the bavarian politician france is a veil or an ethical calls you on unwashed dirty creature covered in lights is how do you explain this hatred was
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the. dear americans that will come in the day and the hour when we will draw you out if you don't give up your imperialism that i did was i was. the people of berlin want to build their future in peace and freedom. nobody will stop us from doing that including the enemies of democracy in the city p.d. this guy was meeting with her it won't be his legacy we're protesting against this conference was. he. was
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. out of the demonstrators in berlin believe the city employee looks deep to mend it was the dutch guy who he was almost lynched was going to have a shooting down. i tried to reach woody at amsterdam airport by asking the airport employees to find him like that you know. or where or how they got through to him and he called me on your roof and me and call me i said don't come back i'll come to amsterdam and then we can go elsewhere take the shade once all i told him what had happened he told me i was exaggerating and nothing would happen and he would come back so he came back that is there out of.
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the eleventh of april nine hundred sixty eight twenty one minutes to five the unemployed painter yells if bomb on shot really don't care three times before he pulled the trigger he shouted you dirty communist swine he was injured during an exchange of fire with the police he was twenty three five years younger than. perlin exploded i really do much good shot nobody knew any details the students made this spring a corporation and its anti detroit beijing responsible for the assassination attempt rocks with run vans were set on fire
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a loss flaring up of the result before it was extinguished. was taken to hospital with life threatening injuries ten centimeters of his brain were blown out he couldn't talk any more but he survived. really judge he had to start learning to read and speak from scratch he was as old as his son hosea cheney they learned together. the press was off to the family it was the start of an odyssey through europe they played a lot of table tennis it was good for dutch guy who'd lost half of his field of vision. the composer hans van henson invited them to his village near rhyme. was on the
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phone to berlin twenty four seven he was unable to do nothing and his phone bill was have brenda's then they were discovered. down took pictures of really without permission the duchess left the villa then italy. but i thought on. both of us in the halls and when he knew what a house of a tree a bottle and a piece of bread were again he visited me. before. he could only see through one eye the other was blind. crummy for dog. under four and we became close friends and not for political reasons where you're from going to. good a corporate long time and he was
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a good personal god if i mean maybe and you see he was called the phrase monger. you are in. we are. often the referee he did use a lot of phrases. but he was a gentle person. who wrote letters to yells of. i don't believe you'll remain a fascist and i'm not mad at you the one wrote back. two years later he took his own life in prison by suffocating himself with a plastic bank. ditch he was given an entry permit to england on his way then he had his first epileptic fit a consequence of the shooting the university of cambridge admitted him as a graduate student but england had had
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a conservative government since one nine hundred seventy read rudy lost his residence permit again good stuff fought on his behalf but to no avail the church has had to leave england. on the twenty first of february nine hundred seventy one they arrived in denmark the university of office had offered to share a position as academic assistant. he gave a press conference to satisfy the media but it wasn't enough. when his v.w. started heading towards al israel he was followed by a press convoy. aliceville was a remote farm around thirty kilometers from our house it was home to a commune which was now joined by
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a retired revolutionary. would never really get to know the people he lived with he never learned danish but the boy from lookin valder liked rural life. i. i. wasn't born to rest he knew things were taking a new turn in germany the student movement had fallen apart the socialist student league was disbanded. their folks. as a tribune of the people he was a broken man. to mark one person thank you for first by the shots and secondly because the situation was different and what he had to offer wasn't needed anymore with or without bullets in his brain. it was over he was
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condemned to the life of an academic. i missing stuff works over. at the university of our who's dutch here felt uncertain and nervous he'd never minded addressing thousands in the past now he had to learn to not be fearful in front of a few students. he wrote his doctorate in the seclusion of others view on a topic typical of him why did it dictatorship emerge from the october revolution in russia why it is good theory produce terrible practice but writing his doctorate was also his way of proving himself. that he was still the guy he was that the shooting had destroyed him. germany helped to block his father figure the wise old man from tuning in travel to denmark at the age of almost ninety it was august most of the time was spent
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sitting outside debating the blocks stayed for two weeks longer than they planned. the visit at a therapeutic effect philosophy as a lifesaver blah she had to check up. continue to toil on his doctorate he traveled to germany more and more often and came up against the limits of what he was physically capable of. he had panic attacks and was scared of assassins but he did it his doctorate was ultimately entitled an attempt to get lenin on his feet it was an attempt to get him back on his feet the dr of philosophy was drawn back to politics i couldn't live without a certain degree of political activity he wrote.
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a new alliance emerge from the peace and environmental movements the green party they radically changed the political situation in germany political novices sort power women knitting norwegian jumpers men wearing them they came from all walks of life farmers and housewives former communists and generals members of the s.p.d. and c.v. you the greens had room for every one party of citizens initiative that was the crucial question. it came time for me to leave i'm not currently a member of this party it doesn't actually exist yet as a party but i've worked as much as possible during the next phase it is necessary to work with everyone to exclude no one and all. those who have the tendency to
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exclude themselves more must learn to see that they are excluding themselves it's not us excluding that me the me of an ocean. finally saw a home for himself again a political one but also a deeply existential one he decided to work for the greens in braman and to move back from denmark. one more christmas in our hoose and then he was full of hope one small. stuff i know. it was christmas eve when i would have all the bought. or do you wanted to take a bath while we were preparing the turkey and when it was in the oven i went to check on him because he'd been gone for quite a while back forty no. i went to see him and he was dead made
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him get down on our talk. routing to china drowned as a result of an epileptic fit eleven years after the assassination attempt the bullets finally did what they've been intended for rudy dutch who was buried in the cemetery of sin and church in berlin on the thirtieth of january nine hundred eighty. three thought movie about books good food if you're going to make a film about which you should know that he was wrong at times as we all are and that he corrected himself when he knew better because he wasn't a coward one day he was always authentic account in that sense he was childlike
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in the noblest sense veneer campers. hello what to look for this. is because of my head in. the south american al qa qaa i think soft cuddly thing on four legs i think us have what it takes to become internet cowlings in twenty.
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thirty minutes on. this. fake news alice to expose the unsub to. the fold is a call to shake up the goodies kind simcoe side by the flame play. the play put big dreams on the big screen. play movie magazine on d w. time for an upgrade. grows on buying. a house with no. design highlights you can make yourself. clones tips and tricks that will turn your home into something special. a great
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yourself with d w's interior design channel on your terms. place . this is d.w. news live from berlin a call to arms by french president and michael mccall in a speech to the european parliament mcconnell urges europeans to reject authoritarianism and defend their model of democracy calls for a critical debate on the future of the u. . also coming up he's known as astro alex chancellor merkel her first title german and boxer to space now astronaut alexander gast is preparing for his next big step
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as commander of the international space station. and sorry munich a forty two.


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