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tv   Doc Film - Bombs for the World - How Germany Profits from Wars and Crises  Deutsche Welle  May 7, 2018 11:15am-12:01pm CEST

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it will be his fourth term in office a disputed election in march saw him reelected with more than seventy percent of the vote the country was struck by a number of tests yesterday just ahead of the election many were detained and those protests. that's all you news for now and that is our special coverage of the swearing in of. his fourth term as president of russia thanks for. we make up oh but we watch as a space and that's because we. decide. they want to shape the continents future. party and join us as they share their stories their dreams and their challenges the seventy seven percent plus for africa.
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here in northern germany the german armed forces the book is holding its open day. fun and games for the entire family say the organizes and a chance for the arms industry to show off its web as especially for munitions john to run metal there is hardly a german weapons project that does not involve primatology by. the german company goes back a long way and this is one of its main locations like. five thousand kilometers away bombs are being dropped on civilians in a war that makes a mockery of international law and despite apparently strict export. rules run my
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town is making a killing out of it. you to know that it is described apathy and thieves sympathies are expanding and they are all getting new customers as well for the bot this is an infamous game with dubious roles in terms of legality ethics and morality what would you call it out of the dutch attention german technology and expertise are being used to deal in death we have to do all we can to stop that. every two years the british capital attracts military delegations from around the world they come to the london docklands to attend the d.s. . fact that countries may be at war with each other but here they can bury the
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hatchet while they buy new weapons. one of the biggest stands at the trade fam belongs to ron matal germany's leading arms manufacturer with just a little face company sells three billion euros worth of military equipment tanks cannons simulation systems guns and ammunition. shall most for mortar launchers soft hillary guns tanks an ordinance on display like precious museum exhibits looking so shiny and pretty that an observer could forget that these instruments of death. many of those inside all familiar with this man on the outside andrew feinstein international arms trade expert and former south african parliamentarian he's not allowed in fortunately my name is well known to you all but nice is of the obvious fact and so i never grew. to the credit
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taishan to come inside the sphere since he uncovered a huge arms scandal in his country has been operating from london for his own safety his research also focuses on german arms exports germany plays a role through the export of weapons especially into regions that are unstable where there is conflict where there is repression most obviously today the middle east and plays a role in ensuring that those conflicts are remarkably bloody. like the campaign in yemen it was originally touted as a short aerial intervention led by saudi arabia to defeat the militias who were allegedly terrorizing the country. more than a thousand days later there's been no sign of a let up who thieves have put up stiffer resistance than expected and the saudis and their allies have responded by raising much of yemen to the ground they bombed
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schools hospitals and residential areas they destroy infrastructure and apparently aim to starve the country into submission it's a war that's claimed thousands of lives and led to a humanitarian catastrophe. going by the book the german arms industry should have nothing to do with this war. for example it is forbidden by german law to export arms to countries where they can be used to disturb the peace. as the german security and defense industry we completely accept that. there are ways and means to turn a profit that all the same one of those ways is by an island in the mediterranean familiar to many germans as a holiday destination. moto
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pilly is one of saddam is best known politicians he was regional president before he was elected to the italian parliament and run a politician who conducts a lot of his research personally including research into ryan metar. it all began just over two years ago when he got a tip off that something incredible was happening at kalyani apple where planes full of vacationers land and take off. that these days that this area here was full of bombs it was quite a show of course the people who saw it got excited about the countless bombs being loaded onto a cargo plane the demand on our courses for the end of bhowmick i got then they got
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a. diesel photos of the operation the weapons of war being loaded up next to the tourist carriers. u.s. general purpose bombs from the market the series being loaded onto a plane belonging to silk way and azerbaijani and one that specializes in transporting weapons to crisis hit regions. what was going on. we got his boss that the only answer i got was from the operators of the airport leavell you know who said that all the flights were authorized that they don't use but she no further details both liberal and i asked the same question in parliament and was told the same thing that isn't that it that the flights were authorized to meet and this was official confirmation that bombs were being transported to the bomb but the bombs are assembled here in rural sardinia about forty five kilometers west of kalyani. in
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a valley near the town of goma snow bus is an unassuming looking factory that makes by the thousands. it belongs to a company called w.-m. italia the abbreviation stands for ryan mittal weapon and munition and it is a one hundred percent subsidiary of german manufacturer run mittal. days this is a german factory on italian territory that makes a deadly product. bombs that are sold all over the world by a magic mind here germany is exploiting a disadvantaged area. with its high unemployment. arms are being manufactured for huge profits but a brute added not is what is happening in this area. because for the course of the . book where of the bombs made by ryan mittal insaan dania deployed in twenty fifteen an employee of the ngo human rights watch snapped these photographs of bomb
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components. they were found in sana in northern yemen a city with a population of fifty thousand shortly after a saudi bombing raid. the bomb but as a code number that indicates the type of bomb a month and its origin. the italian island of sardinia. when queried ryan mittal in total golf admitted that the n.s.a. encode thirteen twenty five fifteen one five zero fifty eight twenty full indicates that it was made by wm italia gradually a coherent picture is emerging you see dangerous request of each a obviously lots of people said nothing yeah i know first the government in rome. in the regional
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government and anyone else who knew what was going on. because factory was always used to make explosives but they were used for civilian purposes ok the plant used to supply the local mines that once existed here in sardinia. but at some stage the factory was repurposed more or less secretly on a quest. that. central bubblin in may twenty seventeen protest does take to the streets to do. demonstrate against ryan metal as it holds its annual shareholders meeting. but despite not let's be clear i never buy shares in ryan mattel to make a profit is guilty of complicity with arms exports and with murder throughout the world. works for an italian foundation he is part of a network that buys run metal shana's not for the dividend but to ask difficult
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questions that shareholder meetings he has heard that ryan mittal plans to invest heavily in its factory unsought india. ltd got a frog visa i would like to ask why these facilities are being expanded in domus not us. we read that there is going to be a new testing range we don't understand exactly what is going on what is being tested and what for which weapons. and where these weapons being exported to. these have often exposed to it. at previous annual meetings of rye mental photographs were allowed these are from twenty fifteen. this show rahmatullah chairman baca and behind him the other directors and supervisory board members now photos are prohibited when the chairman gets up to talk business his message to this meeting all the trends point to growth especially for rye matal
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defense the weapons division. sales of almost three billion euros in twenty sixteen fourteen percent year on year growth and a new order for munitions to the tune of four hundred nine eleven million euros. the destination is in one of the most conflict torn regions in the world the middle east and north africa right mittal won't say exactly which country has played. the order. be fun what did you make of the numbers. at the moment the company is in good shape and it was all very correct and democratic perfect but not going to do well the dividend is not bad at all it's certainly better than the interest the local bank pays it doesn't although you that bombs made by rahmatullah being used in yemen at least a dozen other maybe. that's the wrong question if bombs are being dropped there
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it's not right mattel dropping them. if i was the shareholders meeting it was good good but what did you like in particular because the whole atmosphere the whole package is i'm tight before what did you make of the numbers they presented. yes promising sorry i have to get my bus tickets i'm with does it bother you the palms made by rahmatullah being dropped in yemen. does not everything is put to the right use but there are positives to buy for now qantas. oh my gelato now has confirmation that the plantain saab genius is growing in importance for run mittal. you flog a new but you know they answered some of our questions about plans to expand the plant and don't most know of us so i'm just doctors they said they would invest seventeen to twenty million euros in two thousand and seventeen and the same again in two thousand and eighteen. also we don't.
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know of us is a small town with high unemployment and the dwindling population business is booming for one fun run mentalist bomb factory. it is dramatic this is a business based on death. the more people are killed the more weapons are bought and the more you kill it the more weapons you need it's. perverse mechanisms that a democratic state should not tolerate neither for moral nor economic reasons. but how come this small town in southern sardinia play such a big role in the international arms trade let's take a look at a complicated contract from twenty twelve that formed the basis for a major export do.
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the saudi arabian defense ministry orders bombs from us from raytheon its british subsidiary subcontracts the rime a town subsidiary of w.-m. italia to produce them contract is worth more than sixty three million euros. the order was delivered from dormice nov us to jeddah islamic seaport from where it was taken to the end customer the royal saudi air force this contract ran until mid twenty seventeen and covered thousands of m.k. eighty three bombs. since the start of the saudi f.m. pain in yemen in twenty fifteen at the very latest it is being doubtful whether the arms exports are in line with italian law. of the venues or sales to a country at war to a conflict that has been condemned by the united nations on numerous occasions the
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italian constitution which condemns war and a law on arms exports totally prohibit this kind of export. how is it possible for ryan metal to export bombs from soundin into saudi arabia nonetheless when asked the italian defense minister said it had nothing to do with. what he's or not italian bonds they are covered by a contract signed by a us firm that subcontracted to. that company has factories in italy. numerous written queries to the italian government. who then is responsible for the bombs exported by germany's biggest manufacturer. in berlin the federal security council meets in secret to decide what. can go ahead
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. of the chancellor and important ministers bases its decisions on the government's political principles which say supplying weapons of war shall not be approved to countries involved in. there is a danger of such a conflict breaking out. a flexible principle as the latest figures show twenty seventeen the german government did indeed approve exports to some countries that don't meet the requirements german companies export munitions worth four hundred twenty eight million euros to egypt two hundred forty nine million euros worth to saudi arabia two hundred fourteen million to the united arab emirates in the late one nine hundred eighty s. when helmut kohl was chancellor his defense minister of the christian democratic union was a member of the federal security council professor knows the legal and political
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ramifications of. it's a gray area here's one example. to saudi arabia intended for police border controls that has nothing to do with the military or military purposes however if the intention is to deploy them for military purposes they do need approval according to legislation governing the weapons of war in other words it's a grey area. grey area the should be no question about expo. to saudi arabia for the war in yemen. if arms can be used or intended for use in wars of aggression or for measures that would disturb the peace as the law stipulates then the federal german government is duty bound to refuse to approve their export time the german economic ministry has to say about the bomb sold by iran mittal the matter you describe the assumption is that the export of arms took place from italy in this
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regard german law pertains to exports from germany it's very easy for the german authorities to say these particular. being produced in italy their responsibility of the to regulate the italian. german and therefore. that the. thing that and it is this way that the global trade in weapons remains less regulated than the global trade. some deals were approved by neither the italian nor the german government run the town has found another way around the regulations this time by south africa. since the days of apartheid the country has had a powerful arms industry with close ties to politicians. one of the few politicians
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who lost critical questions about this is copus marais of the opposition party democratic alliance in twenty sixteen he learned that an entire time factory had been exported to saudi arabia. we were concerned that you know says saudi arabia has got a good record in terms of human rights and suppression of human rights especially women and then you know the perception that they are supporting isis and even some rebel forces in yemen and other countries it is in conflict zones and we were concerned that whatever gets manufactured the we you know can be used directly or in directly in those in those areas the government did not respond to questions about reportedly unchecked use of the arms factory which added to my raise concern. that we're not convinced at all i think it's as stated in the in
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a previous in earlier that bin anything can be used and sometimes in the future so it is how the company now so it makes it even more difficult to monitor and control because they would probably i suspect but be doing is not good nothing to do with you we don't use your products to manufacture anything. despite the fact that the original plant. was manufactured and installed because. fifty kilometers east of cape town on the way to the somerset west township is the headquarters of the company that built the factory it's a huge complex with tight security a site of national strategic importance which is why filming is actually prohibited to watch trans bad a familiar blue logo of ryan metal this branch is called the now munition
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audi m m presents itself as a premium manufacturing. rescission. in a. battle tested you see where every detail to see . when it's mission critical there is no room for. compromise. this is where you should stay in. their ultimate. sun transmissions for when you choose the tiles are now only mission. export driven company and one of the most successful companies in south africa.
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of. every year they employ over two thousand people and they all crying at. some defect trees all even running double shifts because they're also busy. because success stories on the defense industry side of. the story began a decade ago when run motown started a joint venture with the state run south african company denounce. in two thousand and eight to. join african denial and germany's run matal defense efficiency and quality. mission was there. the whole. africa's military infrastructure is constantly. scoundrel
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so its origins. and its practices since then have remained criminal to be in partnership with a company that is a state owned enterprise in south africa means that you are effectively engaging in the corruption that is taking place in the south african state today. we are back in northern germany in a village of three thousand five hundred residents one to loose is the nerve center of business with bombs and bullets it's also home to the biggest shooting range in europe this is where the subsidiary which owns the plants in sardinia and south africa is headquartered. people who like to talk about. dealings abroad. as the town mayor it's my job to look after the interests of the municipality of
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suit and we're very happy to have a company like ryan mattel with so many jobs. and to hear. the economic factor for our community is very important. to his the manner of to which belongs i'm the chairman of the local council agree that activities already questioned. one and i'm afraid i cannot help you on that i am very very rarely hear criticism in this country to but there is one place in known to loose where does come in for criticism the local church one sunday in june the lutheran church is peace commissioner has come to own to lose to lend his support to the local pastor. also hey i'm an outsider i've just come from had a very traditional for the local parish pastor it's
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a sensitive issue because many in his community work there. we have to make clear that we have a position against this. that will be the challenge at today's service without rejecting the people themselves. or to mention. i know told. nailed to the cross the desk like peace itself sacrificed sold nailed to the cross. yes we christians are always good and developed we keep our heads down and stay out of trouble that's the best way to get through life one of the suspects to see i have a lot of respect for anyone attending today's service it is difficult for the parish pastor so it is difficult because many people i don't know if they are here today even rely on the factory for a living still if we think something is wrong we must draw the consequences of
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consequences. that's easier said than done for many people in a town that has been producing alms for nearly one hundred twenty years and where the church until the nine hundred ninety s. was called the soldiers memorial charge. things can get in the decision to rename this church the peace church didn't go down well with everyone is there were run mattel employees who left the church because of it. period the local christian democrats say the church's position is not their business. and it was a particular issue v.z. the middle movie done in my opinion it's the church's business this is the for us it's important to have a strong economy here and to creating keep jobs to encourage people to live here. and the folk who i'm here for all the town of going to loose is proud of this company. and as long as it obeys the law and we don't have
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a problem with it it was a listen because you know them hate those kind of promoting. based didn't want to lose as a majority stake in the plant in somerset west what it produces that is covered by south africa. in theory south africa has very tough regulations on what can be exported and imported and it is supposed to keep track of all the items that go in and out of the country but the problem with that is that there is no record at all of things like factories and manufacturing facilities that all exported so we've seen. two to which countries are exporting. nation factories exporting entire factories is an important aspect of audi m's business strategy.
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impressive product food for you includes the comprehensive artillery suite in the world we also empower our clients with ten key client engineering solutions. in all run mittal danelle munitions says it has exported a total of thirty nine arms factories the german boss of the rhine metal subsidiary handles the fact that these factories are clients to make their own weapons. but it is hard to find out who the customers being. africa actually are. what is known is that the run mattel subsidiary was involved in the construction of a factory in the united arab emirates and the one in saudi arabia. a group of syrian hackers released confidential documents including a secret document on a bid for a filling plant each shift was to produce hundreds of shells and mortars as well as
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bombs of the types and k. eighty two m k eighty four and warheads from large missiles. the document appears real with a trove of technical details and plans for a turnkey factory. it's incredibly dangerous because if a german company is not controlling production how do they know what being it hit in this production process they've affectively sold the production process. they are effectively saying especially if it's into a region like the middle east they're effectively saying do what you want. virus on tinea and south africa germany's run matal is arming the military coalition in yemen with bombs from the mediterranean and the entire factories from capetown saudi arabia united arab emirates are among the customers and egypt as we
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discovered where an arms factory is on the completion. egypt a country where hopes for democracy after the arab spring were put down with guns about tom's went dissidents simply disappear. where the military has seized back power and general abdel fattah el-sisi rules with an iron fist. a few defeats especially in the city as the man in charge of egypt is mr l.c.c. who many compatriots say is even worse than mubarak egypt is also taking part in the yemen war by helping with marine patrols i don't think we should accept this so it's effectively undermining south africa's democracy at the same time as being able to get weapons into destinations that might be completely undemocratic that might be engaged in conflict. we wanted to ask about the allegations
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and find out about all the other factories but nobody wanted to talk with german media insisting that it was a south african company but it belongs to a german company flies a german flag at the factory gate and has a german box name nor that shorts. the rhyme at our headquarters in was also unwilling to tell us what countries its foreign subsidiaries export to the press department issued a statement saying exports by r.d.m. from south africa a carrier. doubt in accordance with the country's laws we cannot comment on possible customer relations for reasons of competition and in part due to contractual obligations. seems to use its foreign activities to circumvent german regulations we spoke to the industry federation. of the federation of the german
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security and defense industry. our first priority is german arms exports which keeps us busy and will do so in the future. issues with the previous government and we expect to have them with the next while. in other countries where companies operate either alone or as part of joint ventures have other rules i can't tell from here whether they exploit that. is also president of the federation he declined several invitations to take part in an interview for this report. a presentation on the strategic targets of the arms of munitions division reveals the thinking behind the overseas activities one stated goal is to free the company from german export regulations and ensure profitability the two key locations are. projected to reach the one hundred million euro mark in the medium term and south africa.
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to two hundred fifty million euros. toward the business of death is growing and the fact that it's not happening here at the wars are taking place somewhere else does not make it any better everyone on this planet has to live with the consequences of these wars while leaders talk of fences and walls i find that unacceptable and it must be stopped. in this township in the a me. the synergy of the rhine mentality now munition plant investment from germany is most welcome in the battle with massive unemployment. and. it is critically important that we have to look at ways to create jobs. but obvious
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you know sustainable way that is what run matal promises in south africa as it plays the nice alms john but does something for poor communities equipping schools even donating chemistry sets. it will enable the children to be able to do hands on experiments themselves instead of just looking at the pictures and it takes i'm expecting them to actually understand when it's a practical experiment. very practical and you have the first time i feel like a real saint is i'd like to see thank you to the company of the arraignment that i will appreciate what they've done for us we're going to states many things in the conflicts between now everything's going to be is welcome to achieve results better than before we see things you think if there's a match we will be with you. in the years to come.
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right mattel will spend a tiny percentage of the profits they're making in south africa on improving their public image the reality is. at the products that this company is. africa. in many parts of including the middle east. the company does not appear to have any scruples about. in an armed conflict. and its allies in the yemeni factories it seems the company also wants to make money. enemy iran which is on the other side in the war in yemen the united nations security council block the sale of air defense missiles from south africa called. subsidiary supplies the propellant.
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we wanted to find out what germany's leaders have to say about the country's largest arms manufacturer trying to evade german laws we asked every single member of the federal security council from the last legislature for an interview it's the committee that decides on. which is being circumvented by tom germany's leading politicians were not willing to comment on the issue. the same goes for those who moved from politics to ryan mittal the former german development minister. is now the company's chief. german defense minister france yours if you recently joined the right. would give us an interview. credibly government because they play a role in defense. policy and.
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in their public relations. which they treated differently to other private companies. frank from germany's financial hub is where stocks are listed the share price has shot up thanks to the money made by south africa. in january twenty seventh. just on the sixty five euros each climbing to almost ninety by media and almost one hundred ten euros by the end of the year that's a rise of more than seventy percent within a year. many analysts recommend investing in. its like this more conflicts equals a greater need for security more defense expenditure this is indeed that's the
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change in the legal. and in general the arms companies in different ways depending on what's in demand will profit from that. moishe holders probably don't even know that they profit when ryan mittal sells bombs to crisis regions investors with money in the take off on for example the fund which belongs to germany's banks is one of the biggest shareholders of bryan mittal equity or people with money in global investors one major fund did recently decide to divest its run metal shasta. an exception. as long as the majority of investors aren't interested it will only play a minor role for the share price. who is away outright may be allowed but people keep on investing in it. because it's maybe the state has to intervene it will hurt
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. so. we joined parliamentarian mao to be on his way to collieries contain a pole in search of sardinians run metal box. he is from clues as to who ordered four hundred nine eleven million euros worth of munitions from ryan mattel's italian subsidiary w.-m. italia saudi arabia. essential the change their strategy they used to fight the bombs out now the ships . we knew that this was the best place from which to take photos of the secret operations with no ban on cameras. from here we recorded what actually happened because we don't usually eighteen containers
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a month were loaded up with one thousand to one thousand five hundred bombs. all the people. from government i meant that they were mainly transported by saudi arabian ships three or four belonging to the battery shipping company and i.v. it was a dock and load up the saudis evidently decided to run the transport themselves but this is. the military coalition in yemen needs a lot of bombs by the end of twenty seventeen saudi arabia and its allies had flown more than fifteen thousand air raids according to international experts almost a third of those raids that civilian targets. it's a profitable war even for small investors with shares in germany's biggest arms manufacturer a company that breaks free of german law that manufactures in countries with laxer
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export rules that finds ways to sell its arsenal of destruction in crisis regions with no questions asked is this something society and politicians just have to accept in this era of globalization no say legal experts and analysts at the german parliament the bundestag recently concluded that a law could stipulate that german authorities must give their approval if german citizens abroad help develop will produce arms such a law would at least make it more difficult. but there is no majority for a step like that in the bundestag. to now run metals business is completely within the law or in germany a country that prides itself on its lofty principles. block
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. research is having a close encounter with sox in the a.t.l. six seem odd knots marine credits his could soon die out here. aquaculture and in the islands of losing style terms of the problems but the exact school
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remains unclear. go ahead africa and thirty minutes on d w. mock how the germans came together in one nation from shove their money into chancellor although from bismarck odd the history of the germans has been shaped like a great lurch. i swell always to bring my loyal followers of that team protect christendom and spread this line truth i'm going to make you smile and to play snooker leads ok i did become the enemy chocolate chip cookie and stupid like cockroaches decisions based upon amount suppose your master research perceived problems are rampant coming from his presumptuous circle around the realms displaying the love song playing. we must pull g.'s play. the german starting may
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thirteenth kong g.w. . move. move move move move move move move move move move. this is news live from berlin russia's vladimir putin for his fourth term as president the k.g.b. officer turned the world leader holds total of forty in russia he's also thrust the kremlin into a new rivalry with the west we will look at what the world can expect from putin's next six years also coming up he is the man who vowed to shake up france and
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reclaiming a leading role for europe on the world stage we look at what a manual achieved at home.