tv Doc Film - Bugs - Natures Little Superheroes Deutsche Welle May 9, 2018 7:15am-8:01am CEST
earth the home for saving global energy does tell stories of creative people and innovative projects around the world ideas to protect the climate and boost green energy solutions by global warming due to its being by a series of global three thousand on g.w. and on line. a blessing. and a curse a. force of nature and inescapable fate. monsoons the tropical jugglers she lug there's a song the sun comes up the ghost source of life. to cause a modest destruction the big monsoon starting may twenty third double.
last we could live in the love for the moxley life. drugs again simply. said or did this song millions of years ago by someone very small. one just little superior's. insects. but about six million species of the most successful creatures on earth. they make a nice descent to be honest somehow but. they are specialists with superglue. so.
we can have a lot of all we just have to look very closely. to know. it's early morning in the mountains named panic in southern france in some dawn is the best time to catch insects and later in the day gets to fox may hide from the suckers this isn't. just push us to tough on the street. the german insect or sacha i'm dressed coach in skirts his friends colleagues on the way still don't know how to.
professor andress coaching is one of the world's leading insect biotechnology specialists. particularly interested in. because they are very now playing musical . chairs cast was to discover major things. and use them for the development of new drugs. he's looking specifically for the asian lady. on the phone about sort this the best unconvinced that nature has already done that is the best and sons it's the question is how do we do that so we need clever ideas these are examples on we can let it is she. got it legally blind it isn't on her must have pathogens out solicits it's not an admission this much of it must have got up at the fence make knowledge of natural compounds have. we can do
a lot you don't like my new oxygen or maybe committed to because. the area around the perrier is originally six loco varieties of ladybirds interbreed with alien species and species bred especially for biological long. when it becomes too hard to hunt insects but if scientists return to the lab to analyze they catch. on a mystery is an incentive to geneticist he travels around the world including the. millennium a d.n.a. he can determine how to have spread over time. the signs are important fundraiser coaching staff at the centers for new drugs. on the one love that ok ok. yes i'm only up and. the asian lady that was introduced to europe in america has a form of biological pest control b.s.
has to fight atheists because an asian lady bird eats a few thousand of them joining its lifetime. the green arrows show where and when the insect was artificially introduced a pest control. but in the early two thousand something unexpected had. the asian lady that began to spread uncontrollably and displace native species. to survive plots lose their southerly propagate i love a bite and we like to tell it what is not is the suddenly world wide spread that was what i need that to do that but also a secret after that is what we want to find out if we are dealt with an issue that's missed money in a clear. dress which in skirts will take some lady burst to germany to analyze them . tufts university boston usa. the so-called silk lab he's one of the university's more exotic research
departments. here everything revolves around smoke and around los producing this fascinating material silk. beer and so on that joins tufts university in two thousand and five here to be chance to get interested in simplicity. and started to see silkworms in a totally light. it's pretty amazing actually if you if you take a look at it. you can actually see the see the silk thread so right now it's right it's been.
this is a three d. printer that this red tail that is there comes out of it has out of out of here as a third of the tensile strength as deal and that is beautiful. in that it is a professor of biomedical engineering. he's interested in the properties of the material silkworms produce. a believes that still can help protect the environment itself plaster places. i don't think that city could soon replace many other material. silkworms produce about one kilometer if sent to build they could use humans have used silk fibers for thousands of years to produce textiles. but now the boston researches have succeeded in transforming cells into a new material with breaths. thinking abilities. to this the silk needs to be
transformed back into a liquid similar to the fluid in six produces before it's been six three. first the researchers come up with could be sold to. extract the silk proteins of the course of several days. and so now it's proven impossible to artificially manufacture the substance and the insects producing these could. use a mixture of silk find the sequel samson. when the symptom spins its throat it removes the balls from the simply the five was obsessing then stick together and form and light it extremely strong. in a certain sense you go back to what the what the silkworm does so and so you take you take the native fibers and you bring them back to a liquid suspension of of silk fibroid protein and water and then and then depending on how the water evaporates or how you remove the water how quickly how
slowly and under what conditions and what temperatures you get different material outcomes and so and so the material came together in very very amazing technological form and so you think about a lot of things and you try to connect them and i think that's the beauty of the beauty of working in this and this domain. similar to plastic liquid silk can be shaped into lumps of different phone use outcomes were we. got to keep something. someone just the same do differently. to look for. the train to switch someone to want one function. she doesn't count she doesn't even have a driver's license and yet she's very much interested in trying to get the three
special kind of traffic. altering decide to start is the behavior of. the sooner you notice things of these. and never come up. with on the train was the whole song traffic. arjen sign ups are ideal research objects because they have particularly sophisticated logistics. they can see. that they have kids sense of smell. and smack their trails that sense of the. different and discovers food it runs back to the next to get refunds mix and in doing so your mom says prime the other small of this trial and also on the man in the answer for the shortest of the munsters
that half is there for market more frequently after so while it smells most of. its rooms. a simple yet brilliant way to solve or the just tickle problem but how failsafe is it. outrageous to talk once to put the little transport geniuses to a test. where at the university of geese in germany. in the universities greenhouse and joyous filch is cast breeds ladybirds. one lady that can eat up to three hundred anything at night. this is why the center. well. consider blocking.
the luck of the take them for instance they attack everything out of. their advertisers and censorship. this is especially true love you any racial. prejudice places in any species well john might but why. in the barn three hundred s. coaching staff and his team prepare an experiment. because an omega bigger lab of a european major birds together with the younger small amount of contagion that's. the result is what researchers have expect the beagle eats the small. event something happens. long term he sticks to find the few mother biggest enemies inflated herds our other lady birds loose or about the larger offered by of the final exit or
smaller larva they'll eat them out and i haven't a service that whenever tonight i do birds in ladybird's they dive off this and that's it i'm stuck but in the deep other way around gadhafi out that nothing happens often although the idea that i'd himself was plus the next. apparently the office of the asian lady bird has a powerful bio weapon the kills anyone that tries to be to. dress poaching skirts examines the blood and the so called. of the insects it's full of microscopic parasites. this was just a shell which was about lost i would respond to sell and i couldn't believe my eyes so it was a surprise since i've been researching insects and their immune systems are twenty years i've investigated thousands of insects on hooks for never seen anything like it does it i've only seen those images like one isn't a dozen eggs. and follow the path and you thus you feel i've never seen this in a fly by animal doesn't fly just reproduce it all seemed so off. the
asian lady must have an extremely powerful immune system. but how it does its defense may consider. the tufts university in boston scientists have managed to extract the silks right from the trunk. the secret is finding the right level of passion to see it's going to be a way to maybe build. a little he knew the name of a microbe. now they are able to spin a continuous strong liquid fights. but a few doors further down they're already working on the next exciting complication is a bit of the in the inside the inside prosody yeah. it's three d. printer these programs to produce an artificial from liquid said. the advantage is that the human body doesn't feel got
a. mixture of the prince or the site itself off to a few months. until the body has come to the suit scaffolding with both sides created to. it's been put into the other end i know from the remodel and then after that will century and that's when you really can't see the fabulous. it's a beautiful process the transition from a liquid suspension to to a solid format of material but the pragmatics are that our balls our organs are very small to scale complex organisms and so and so out of that wide array of possibilities you need to match something at all scales order for it to integrate as if it were part of the living system that is a very significant challenge so is it going to be a reality. probably is it going to be hard absolutely.
the implant only exists in the mind. but the result is a tough sooner versus we have achieved the breakthrough. they have proven that in principle soft snow can be transformed it's hard about. interviews both are a dissident who wants to put a run through just because skills to the text first she prepares the special meal for the red liquid contains thirty percent sugar for the greek police zero point one percent the insects are offered both food sources at the same time on identical tables the pass to the food sources are also of the same length so this time the ansto have to find the shortest why but discover the best food source. first the arms begin to explore the new structure. they quickly discover the two
bridges and the fishes are the two different sugars so. there's a lot of tropical bugs richards but after not being pulled the string might concentrate the bridge to the solution. the other dispatcher says. it's a canter that's almost just and the interesting thing left is the stiffness city of the system secure if we only had still to have to compare the fates to resist effect all the better the root of the more intensely they mark the path that doesn't add to climbing up the field and just get out as far as the end of one of those regions so there is food at the executive and again quality it doesn't leave us in that buffalo it's simply follows the strongest there's about introduced the show to the system is a really simple song like they did according to the quality of the film as well as the similarity or a few are fairly it's a system that's very easy to communicate in call in a sense. i took a. but. the at scale same system is of particular interest to logistics
engineers. and engineers are from the institute for serious slow just ticks and don't mean gently developing swimmers government translate. it's awesome to transport and still a good long look. at. the robots because the content. was under nomic foursomes not if you think about dynamics as a horse with a fast changing conditions for gasoline or shrubs run like a drum or sizes and then says arms are superior because the robot with them till it lands it's in a lot of consequence an hour and it's all taken that principle ever not just for the regular quite like joe namath only respond to challenges of again often. the most aftereffects but suppose to take two kids. it's a competitive system and they need to bid for every jump. the first machine signals
it's close. the second one has a full of patches but the good ones make it the job because you can train along the way. however this sometimes least the strengths of the system. just like our robots follow the trail of others. but these are marked with wife i see a set of parents. play. however at the robots encounter an obstacle the exam. for security reasons to stop immediately when something blocks that one. small amounts for sleep walk around the trying to scupper a new. market with firearms. the robot however needs a little help. the
asian ladybird inglesa still hasn't revealed the secret of its powerful immune system but the scientists are close to solving the riddle they want to infect the beetle with particularly aggressive germs. to do so they fix it under the microscope. they suspect that the beatles' blood it's hema lymph contains effective substances against multi-drug resistant bacteria so-called super bugs. many birds immune system immediately react to the. interest charges small molecules that attack the intruders running. these molecules have huge potential for the development of new drug. what is the exact nature of these substances first the researches must obtain
a small amount of the ladybirds blood however they don't need to prod it with a needle it's enough to briefly shake it as a defense reaction the beetle releases small amounts of its bitter tasting he with them and with it tiny quantities of the unknown germ cutting substances. while the ladybird recovers from his white knuckle ride the scientists prepare the mass spectrometer in the universe to slap. this machine is the sharpest tool in that box . this bomb bomb. bomb bomb bomb bomb. this is why the business of the us is pure savvier certainly day and you know it is that we didn't help before we forgot to stop america this is one side and as far as and they can it's good not just like astronomers learning into the sky when task or this new pope and under one study what i mean is this you know look at small details most all of us even the client or customer that astronomers may also
if they see corral are so normal orders and good will go for certain but no one point we're going to the might get across the valley and say we call possible things like where all those issues are substance and this and help i'm going to have the benefit of humanity it's been bought. back at tufts university it's. silk lab in boston. the silk worms only need one thing to grown produce them miracle material. no release. for four weeks they chomp their way through the foliage increasing their original body weight ten thousand for. the fact that the researches of found the way to make simply quit again has opened up completely new possibilities. the liquid nice material can be easily combined with medicines and shaped into new forms. the researches of discovered the drugs integrated into the silk structure
state active for longer. this opens up new possibilities for transporting and storing vaccines for example without having to worry about refrigeration. and since silk becomes hard unstable when dry the list of applications seems endless. speculating about the future there is a medical side that is really predicated on the fact that you have a material that interfaces well with living tissue but beyond the medical you know if you really think. same forward you'll have you can eat some seed sensors and they will communicate and tell you how you are you know tell you something about your food whether their food is good or not whether it's time to sew it away whether you're healthy. and it's not only about self i think it's going to be about a general platform based on naturally derived material you may have a phone that you can plant in your garden when you're done using using it or not.
so want silt could become an environmentally friendly alternative to plastic and that's how south waste. the natural history museum or cancer or germs. an unusual meeting takes place the architect i think lincoln has come to see the insect researchers thomas not that. he's interested in sex but consider. each of us. they're interested in
a colorado potato beetle that wouldn't. actually mangas is a professor of architecture and computer aided design at the university of chicago in germany. by studying insects he wants to discover a new design principles to create innovative structures. thomas fear the colorado potato beetle because it can cause serious cropped up. it also has a very hard shell. it's striking yellow and black when cases protect the sensitive hind legs which it uses to find. the way in cases must be both tough i'm delighted otherwise the beetle couldn't fly the architect is interested in the structure of these cases. they're not often comes on the in nature we find totally different construction pressures to destroy those found in the history of engine origin or
for conjecture. this allows us to think outside the box in the outside fix to ignore it and question the ways we look at things. clogs instead we discover noise principles that stand go beyond what we already know this will be. in order to uncover the secrets of the beatles wings the two scientists take the insect to the institute of technology cultural. institute has a gigantic particle accelerator it produces extremely precise x. ray radiation. the scientists want to use it to analyze the beatles when strange. this is the speciality insect exposed thomas monica.
the x. ray images shows the case of the potato beetle consists of two separate shells. that is hollow associated with an under the. an extremely lightweight construction the cutting of the binds or that it's all countries are going to disorder small columns connect the upper and lower house of the way up a shoddy between themselves and a large cavity a science cannot us business design less than to see it as the bright spots will show the places where the two shells are connected. to one of them on my skin. but it's understood on those also. the one case of the potato beetle consists of closely interwoven find. the architect is especially interested in the columns between the two shells which of poems by the bundles of mine. to transfer the forces between the among the lower shelves. from his
columns the find the spread out in many different directions this network of mind makes the structure of our life and system. i think a symptom of mine and i think that although one hand we marvel at what nature is for you that some of the other hand will wonder why this idea has a crust as an engineering for an off the top and thirdly we realize that this is about evolution that we can call you relatively easily and with the design was it's this on this is what makes it so exciting hold up some bit on just what is going on so fond. of him angus wants to use the beetle wings designed as the basis for a new structure. just like the wing case of the potato beetle the structure must be lightened state. however the architect has now how to design the load bearing components. the beetle has not yet read. feel the exact arrangements of the
findings. inside the house or drain just the two of you still trying to outsmart the time. she's thought of something new to reduce the nonsense traffic jam the gangs use the sugar solution to attract media sites and the gang that populates over an hour break this time it's riddled with obstacles. that sound all i think that this is a bridge which is not pillars so what we want to find out whether these other stalls calls follow that yes do i know whether they'd rather help to structure their traffic and thus increase the speed of the ends it overlong to because it forms. the answer the scope of the grades and explore all the new surroundings. then the first ones returns of the next. game far trying to
beat others to the sure solution. more and more times run across the bridge. obstruct the flow of traffic. all five called if anyone to counter is a pillar and box around it comes i sit on the edge that comes towards it goes around the other while possibly with system coming free. and easy flight of traffic adds can do it become way. women dressed in germany they certainly should secede so has caused problems especially during rush hour. the two. apathetic or university addressed traffic planners are looking into the problem. it's a business not more than ok we're in the north of dresden
a stick or the bistro kind of just the city center were there before is that sense of fairness and just real and residential care fuel stuff mr she can do you have to get you don't want to be which is big strategy number one story store traffic artist would decide for themselves was to different just like ounce to because it. isn't sheen is a jewel of a situation arises when they're stranded by the traffic why discussed what is it about their own consulting a central control such an issue instead of an authentic looks at the local situation s. and results are to suppose we. just like it or the new company there is no new central control. using census each trying to buy cars on many cars are coming from the range. the line of three cars gets the green line means new cars are coming from the other direction but since they're promised the other cars go to. the trunk you like the sockets. and not just that it was a soft spot. because the way the long time because there was
a constant coming from on the range of its pressure. on the wind when on tuesday after a while the pressure of the blue cross is so hotly that the traffic lights bring the changes to release them using comes when asked which apply to me to be changes my. job you might also words want you to chose which trumps always get a green light. on the circle give opposite side we've managed to self not a country or deuce waiting times for all types of trying different sizes for cars by about thirty percent for pedestrians or for about forty percent of the sports and for the first offices by about a third and a fellow at the for the public transport the other managed to really was waving their arms yeah maybe cause us took center but that cycled through. mrs and not yours it's been established clever and the dishonest autonomous doing. over in germany. the colorado protective beetle has become an architect's favorite
brainteaser. they masterfully analyze its lights heat stable wing structure now they try to apply again you're jumping ship wonderful that off the couldn't. miss has improved the minute you can go because we have to check out how we can adapt to the going to a system of two different geometrical configurations. which is no easy task actually i have to say you know a machine can the layers have to touch each other with a decent amount of contact force in its engine never mind computers just to make this uses a simple wooden thread model to try out his ideas. we see some thank you for you it's important to note that beetle doesn't tell us everything. about little allows us to discover circuits a basic construction on its own signal of the boys and now we can apply these instructions principles in a multitude of ways so that his math as fast as he how many different shapes all know by g. going on and we can guess in
a certain way what's the overall construction it might look like i'll see what the outcome this. the architects abuse the beetle wings pillars to design pentagons they form the basic building blocks of the structure. but it's the body and we have simulated the stresses acting on such an element the money you can see the back by the spirit and the direction of the stresses so you can meet some of the real state . and you're going to see us not tire structure will look like you steve. the beetle wing two billion because this is of carbon glass fibers computer controlled robots produced the individual our. final structure put up on the university's campus in stuttgart normally this would be the end of such an architectural experiment. out of museum in london commissions
a new even bigger pavilion. into the homes beyond simply refuse to get stuck in traffic jams. or bang or order a descent to observe something on to something handsome is going to the wrong paint system. falls back on such a fortune i don't think the answer where as a travel example i'm disappointed in a tough week six this was something the napkins on a continual off it and if you get over look at albany for my help. at the end it stopped traffic becomes to have a coffee different culpable yet your have to live up to many delicious is that all or some else just all like you see in these ads that form of cancer that struck me that if i click on clear how strange it's a saturn i doubt it. it's not your claim to know when to stop and regulator are traveling with
a radius of torque wants to continue studying the incidents and i behavior the arms probably have many more tricks with numbers without driving problems at least three now has an explanation for why they have been trying to terms. to double only for me but doesn't beat the ants have a common goal or should learn they're looking for food which they then buy or whether how much there was there here is look at woman on their system only works because people don't yell or get a hobby they're interested in is a whopper entity to presume well if you compare this with a little heart or castree a traffic cop you'll notice that not only has there isn't goals and motivations almost there's no real interest to have one more hit on the coping. more cooperation and less egotism would probably help us to. show that on this maze and even highly complex societies come from china viciously.
the university took the proper cation of the fetal position is entering its decisive fact. according to a preprogramed passive based a potato beetle design a robot why expressing a cross copper pipes onto a steep price. an engineer always keeps one finger on the emergency staff in case of threat slip song on the robot produces a rat's nest of fire. when construction stronger steel will be bridged leaving only the harder. they will fall in supporting out most of the bricks. the glass uncommon fine the back below the belt. as a protection against right not much plexiglass on the top. of
. the song there's also it's question amazing moment to see the structure to oppression stains and seeing because one has if we haven't actually seen its real shape he is or is in steve it emerges during the manufacturing process and just through the interaction of human foster behavior such as anyone such offers. nothing breaks nothing back. the grace to come. the victorian alex and nothing gets me of it. the scots as i decide the fate roof leak everything you see this was about as much as there were metres of the facade of this brick building as all the skulls of the rhine i was two and a half thousand feet so i got me just to give you an idea of the mobs they left joined by special and solid but also for light i was also as was
a polished. piece by piece the elements are assembled into a two hundred square metre of it. however the workers have difficulties tightening the screws which slows down the construction work. but with each other that blocks it is better to send it in its structure. that is to pay for the billion. just for the exhibition. in the toy store owners for i am doing them the job is an incredibly huge is it just as obama give us an e.t.a. of possibilities mukesh guided makes us since i guess all the diverse back to v.v. doing it it shows us how the noise things that we wouldn't get done because here come attentional was opposite from pudong than on ours in the uk to have
a common technical solutions need to look. to be clip of it is the main attraction of the culture out of the music. few visitors are aware that this building is modeled on the whims of a small. business be considered a past the centuries. rhode island hospital tory kinnaman is starting to test the lady bird hunting biasing on white smocks. during our first year in college torrijos now we came affects your superbugs because without knowing it she belongs to one high risk group. gymnasts set changing rooms and spokespeople and they frequently suffer samplings of ninety three points for bacteria and other junk. that.
well being a member of brown university's gymnastics team tory got an infection this sixty centimeters long skull is over. it was red very swollen very hot to touch i came down with flu like symptoms and something inside me just told me that something wasn't right so i went to the emergency room at rhode island hospital and they diagnosed it as marsa and i remember turning to my dad and just asking him det are they going to have to amputate my leg and i was so so scared to ask them a question. because i was scared to hear the answer they save my leg but ultimately they saved my life as well. try surekha dedicates a sound surprising number to try to. see with achieve the breakthrough to reduce the crime from a to z. . first substance based on other insects already been successfully tested.
on the first clinical trials are underway. visible globe vision on concerts which was a good medical type doesn't so much time it was up with more than a million species to come on something special in the last number going from one of the big not by insects or like i so much medicine can take i think if i can question him and some easy going to down to five of them will give him hundreds of some one of them and try to show me some. of the most successful life form of the planet. is to adapt to the most diverse environment so he's found ingenious solutions to the seemingly small problems. we should not just see them as past saw the winds. but also want the. clever survivalist and nature is just the superheroes. on.
board. for. the. story so that people of the moral tone for t.w. on facebook and twitter up to date and in touch follow us that. climate change is just. waste. pollution. isn't it time for good news to go at africa people and projects that are changing our fire meant for the better it is up to us to make a difference let's inspire other. people went for go be
and. this is deja vu news live from the lead present from the united states out of the or rather appeared. we will not allow american cities to be threatened with destruction and we will not allow regimes a chance death to america to gain access to the most deadly weapons wonder why have reaction and analysis of what the american to withdraw all means for the region and for key u.s. allies who strongly oppose this decision.