tv Doc Film - Bugs - Natures Little Superheroes Deutsche Welle May 20, 2018 11:15am-12:01pm CEST
no we showed hearts and we peyton by munich will study them and if you stick together you can achieve anything in football and in life and that's what this team has shined they've always worked hard for success for the whole season and for the two and a half years that i came here for frank first first cup win for thirty years will live long in the memory. here up to date now on d.w. new way back again at the top of the hour omarion adams team thanks for watching. make your smart t.v. smarter with the most money. what you want what you want to. update. extraordinary. test. you decide lotsof. fund no more d. w. just smart.
we could live in the world for the last place. if we had drugs against. the door to millions of years ago by someone very small. they are nature's little super. insects. but about six million species of the most successful creatures on. it make up ninety percent of the animals somehow. they are specialists with superpowers.
we cannot a lot of all we just have to look very closely. for. it's early morning in the mountains in a panic in southern france in something i don't want is the best time to catch insects later in the day just to fox may hide from the suckers dismissive of. this push to try harder strain. the german insect for sacha i'm dressed coach in skirts his friends colleagues on the way still don't know how to.
solve. a. professor on transpo chance is one of the world's leading insects biotechnology. particularly interested in. because they are very now claiming. the chance gas was to discover they just bust things. and use them for the development of drugs. he's looking specifically at the nation. in the phone about so at the. unconvinced that nature has already done that is the best and sons it's a question is how do we do that so we need clever ideas these are example on we can . fly like a child and. harvest it because if you don't or must it pathogens absolutely it's not an admission this much of it must have at the fence make knowledge of natural compounds that week. into the parking lot of a money grubber city in
a mini committed to because. the area around the perrier is originally six loco varieties of ladybirds into bring it with alien species and species bred especially for biological the young. when it becomes too hot to hunt insects but to scientists return to the lab to analyze they catch. on a mystery is an incentive to geneticist he travels around the world including the. money and the d.n.a. he can determine how they have spread over time. these findings are important fundraiser coaching staff and he said as for new drugs. one might go through one like that ok ok. yes i'm only up and. the asian lady that was introduced to europe in america has a form of biological past control b.s.
was to fight aids because an asian lady bird eats a few thousand to generate its lifetime. the green arrows show where and when the insect was artificially introduced a pest control. but in the early two thousand something unexpected had. the asian lady that began to spread uncontrollably and displace native species. to survive politically or certainly propagate i love abide and we'd like to know that what is not is this suddenly world wide spread that was what i needed it for did that but also the central asia i got is what we want to find out if we are dealt with an issue that's missed money mccleon. dress her chin skins would take some lady best to germany to analyze them. tufts university boston usa. the so-called silk lab is one of the university's more
exotic research departments. here everything revolves around silk and around those producing this fascinating material silk. beer and so on the next joins the tufts university two thousand and five. began to get interested in simplicity. and started to see silkworms in a totally light. it's pretty amazing actually if you if you take a look at it. you can actually see the see the so it's red so right now it's right this been.
this is a three d. printer that this material that is there comes out of it has out of out of here as a third of a tensile strength as deal and that is beautiful. feelings of all men that it is a professor of biomedical engineering. he's interested in the properties of the material silkworms produce. a believes that cells can help protect the environment sulfide plaster waste. and i'm sorry that city could soon replace many other material. silkworms produce about one kilometer itself to build they could use humans have used silk fibers for thousands of years to produce textiles. but now the boston researches have succeeded in transforming silk into a new material with breath taking a bit it's. yes. to this the silk needs to be transformed back into with liquid
similar to the fluid in sex produces before the spencer strike. first the research is coming up to. do so for alcohol to. extract the silk proteins of the course of several tanks. and so now it's proven impossible to artificially manufacture the substance of the insect produces in its glass. it's a mixture of silk find a piece of cool sanderson more so. when the symptom spins its throat it removes the water from simply the fibers and servicing that stick together and form a light stream a strong right. in a certain sense you go back to what the what the silkworm does so and so you take you take the native fibers and you bring them back to a liquid suspension of of silk fibroid protein and water and then and then depending on how the water evaporates or how you remove the water how quickly how
slowly and under what conditions and what temperatures you get different material outcomes and so and so the material came together in very very amazing technological form and so you think about a lot of things and you try to connect them and i think that's the beauty of the beauty of working in this and this domain. similar to plastic liquid silk can be shaped into lumps of different phone use. the first research is trying to spin a simple phrase just like the someone. that's right just carefully extracts from a drawing them while going to a real. got to keep something. so what does the simply do differently. to lose from. andre to such is
a long way toward my bicycle. she doesn't come she doesn't even have a driver's license and yet she's very much interested in traveling with a special kind of travelling. outrageous a start is the behavior of. the sooner you learn just it's a visa. and never come i get stuck trying to. with the line on train was the whole song traffic. was inside some ideal research objects because they have particular the sophistication to just use. they can see. that they have a good sense of smell. and smack their trails with sense of those. different discovers food it runs back to the next to get refunds for it's an
enduring serve it marks its prime the others followed his trial and also among the many the answer for the shores of the nicest empathic staff or marks more frequently after a short while it smells of. its root. a simple yet brilliant way to solve or the just tickle problem but how failsafe is it . outrageous a took once to put the little transport geniuses to a test. where at the university of geese in germany. in the university's greenhouse and driest their chins cast breeds ladybirds. one lady can eat up to three hundred all states and. this is one of the century's
welcome. ones consider the lucky. good luck of the take from the race they attack everything out of. their advertisers and say. this is especially true of you that nation made. it displaces and invent a species well john wright but why. in the barn three hundred s. coaching staff and this team prepared experiments. because unknown to bigger lab of a european they did good together with the young small amount of contagion that's. the result of this what researchers have expect the people who eats the small. event is something that happens.
long term to be six to find a from few mother biggest enemies inflated herds our other lady birds worry about the larger i've heard of the final exit or smaller larva then leave them out. and i then a service that whenever the birds ladybirds they dive off that's neat that's it i'm stuck but when the other way around and i was out that nothing happens often although the idea that i missed off was posted next. apparently the office of the asian lady bird has a powerful bio weapon the kills anyone that tries to be to. transpose since gets examines the blood and the so called came in the end of the insects it's full of microscopic parasites. this was just a shell which was about last hour that spawns a cell and i couldn't believe my eyes so it was a surprise since i've been research. insects and their immune systems are twenty years i've investigated thousands of insects on hooks for never seen anything like
guns just and i've only seen those images like flies in the sex i will death and full path and your loss and you should have never seen this on the fly on animal doesn't fly the story produced it all seemed so awful. the asian made it must have an extremely powerful immune system. but how it does its defense may consider. the tufts university in boston the scientists that managed to extract the silks right from the trunk. the secret was finding the right level of passion to see it's going to be a way to maybe build. a little he knew the name of a microbe on mike. now they are able to spin a continuous strong thread from a quick fight scene. but a few doors further down they're already working on the next exciting complication is a bit of yet the inside of the inside prosody yeah. three d.
printer is programmed to produce an artificial bump from liquid so. if you've got to juice the human body doesn't the old guy. still mix trying the printer at the site itself after a few months. until they go to his cup of soup scott putting big bucks in creating huge profits but will put it into the other end i know from the green body and then after that we'll see interest and that's when you really gets the fabulous. it's a beautiful process the transition from a liquid suspension to to a solid format of material but the pragmatics are that our balls our organs are very small to scale complex organisms and so and so out of that wide array of possibilities you need to match something at all scales. order for it to integrate as if it were a part of the living system that is a very significant challenge so is it going to be
a reality. probably is it going to be hard absolutely. the implants only exists in the lab. but the research is a chance to diversity have achieved a breakthrough. they have proven that in principle soft snow can be transformed it's hard to buy. into the moderate just wants to put a run through just because skills to the test first sheep are passed a special meal for the red liquid contains thirty percent sugar but the green only ciro point one percent the insects are offered both food sources at the same time on identical tables the past of the food sources are also of the same length so this time the ansto have to find the shortest white to discover the best food
source. first the answer to give to explore the new structure. they quickly discover the two bridges on the dishes with two different sugars so. there's a lot of traffic on the bridge but after not being pulled strings by concentrating right to the solution. the other is virtually certain. it's a canter that's almost just and the interesting thing left is the stiffness of the of the system secure if only i'd still have to compare the face of business off it all the better the root of the more intensely they mark the path that doesn't add to climbing up the field and just let it out as far as the end of one of us reaches there is food if you don't like and quality it doesn't leave much in that bucket imo it's simply follows the strongest thereabout introduced to the system is really simple so like they did according to the quality. if the film does lead to some lighting or fewer fairly appollo it's a system that's very easy to communicate and has also been calling
a simple. i took up to. be at scale same system is of particular interest to logistics actually it's. the engineers that are from here because the truth serum flow just kicks in don't mean just event this morning it's going to translate oh great awesome the transporter still looks. good. the robot speaking contract talks. was under nomic foursomes not if you think about dynamics as talks with the fast changing conditions for example as well trying to glamorous lives is it then so our arms are superior when you're in the robot you have to like legs it's a lot of confidence in our embassy and that principle of a medal just when i read it was quite unlike john m. ichael you respond to childish love again all for. the boss after effects but
suppose you take the kids shots it's a competitive system made to fit for every job. the first machine signals but it's close upon the second one as a full back from the good one may get the job because you can play along the way. however this sometimes least the strengths of the system looks just like our robots from trying to call them. but these are marked with wife i see said if you found some place. i want to get the robots encounter an obstacle or replacement. for security reasons to stop immediately when something blocks that one. small amounts look around for trying to cover a new. the market with.
the robot however needs a little help. the asian lady betting geese it still hasn't revealed the secret of its powerful immune system but the scientists are close to solving the rebel they want to infect the beetle with particularly aggressive germs. to do so they fix it under the microscope. they suspect that the beatles' blood it's hema lymph contains effective substances against multi-drug resistant bacteria so-called superbugs. ladybirds immune system immediately reacts to the just germs. it discharges small molecules which attack the intruder is. this.
these molecules have huge potential for the development of drugs. what is the exact nature of these substances first the research must obtain a small amount of the ladybirds blood however they don't need to prod it with a needle it's enough to briefly shake it as a defense reaction to beatle releases small amounts of its bitter tasting he must have and where that tiny quantities of the unknown germ getting substances. while the ladybird recovers from its white knuckle ride the scientists prepare the mass spectrometer in the universe to slap. this machine is the sharpest tool in that box . is bomb bomb. bomb bomb bomb bomb bomb bomb just as one of us and show us is pure savvy a certain way they knew all of us that we didn't have before before have not established america this is one side and as far as and they can it's good not just
like astronomers looking into the sky when tail storms hoop and under one study were done as this goes into look at small details most all of us even the climate that has the astronomers and they also always see corellas so normal or doesn't it will go for certain but no one can we get into the my good cause abominations namely call possible things that where all those years of a substance in the center help i'm going to have the benefit of humanity it's been bought. back at souths universities. silk lab in boston. the silkworms only need one thing to grow and produce their miracle material. nobody leaves. for weeks they chop their way through the foliage increasing their original body weight ten thousand dollars. the fact that the research is a found the way to make silk liquid again has opened up completely new possibilities. the liquid ice material can be easily combined with
medicines and shaped into new forms. the researches of discovered the drugs integrated into the silk structure state active for longer. this opens up new possibilities for transporting and storing vaccines for example without having to worry about refrigeration. and since silk becomes on unstable when dry for this the poppy cations seems endless. speculating about the future there is a medical side that is really predicated on the fact that you have a material that interfaces well with living tissue but beyond the medical you know if you really think that. saying forward you will you can eat some to eat sensors and they will communicate and tell you how your you know tell you something about your food whether their food is good or not whether it's time to sew it away whether you're healthy. and it's not only about self i think it's going to be about a general platform based on naturally derived material you may have
a phone that you can plant in your garden when you're done using using it when else . so want to still could become an environmentally friendly alternative to plastic on the south south waste. of the natural history museum council rejected an unusual meeting takes place the architects i think it's come to see the insect researchers thomas and i think that . he's interested in sex but considering. he's.
into these. they're interested in a colorado potato beetle that wouldn't. actually mangas is a professor of architecture and computer aided design at the university of chicago in germany. by studying insects he wants to discover a new design principles to create innovative structures. thomas fee of the colorado potato beetle because it can cause serious cropped up which. it also has a very hard shell. it's striking yellow and black when cases protect the sensitive hind legs which it uses to find. the wing cases must be both top and lives otherwise the beetle couldn't fly the architect is interested in the structure of
these cases. they're not often law and guns on the human nature we find totally different construction pressures to destroy those found in the history of engine origin or for conjecture. this allows us to think outside the box in the outside fix to ignore it and question the way we look at things down to the courts at the foggiest and we discover noite principles instead go beyond what you already know this will be. in order to uncover the secrets of the beatles wings the two scientists take the insect to the institute of technology cultural. institute is a gigantic particle accelerator that produces extremely precise x. radiation. the scientists want to use it to analyze the beatles wings for which. this is the speciality insect exposure thomas monica.
the x. ray images show the case of the potato beetle consists of two separate shells. of his heart with such. an undertone. an extremely lightweight construction that cutting its mark the binds or that it's all countries are going to disorder small columns connect the upper and lower house of the way up a shiny between them forms a large cavity a science cannot us business design us into see it as the bright spots and show the places where the two shells are connected. to one of them on our skin. but it's on the seen on those also. the one case of the potato beetle consists of closely into one of the finest. the architect is
especially interested in the columns between the two shots which of bones by the bundles i find. to transfer the forces between the other and the lower shelf. from these columns by the spread out in many different directions this network of mine makes the structure both light i still. i think it's something to mine and i think they're on the one hand we marvel at what nature is for you that someone on the other hand will wonder why this idea has a cost as an engineering is for on off to tell thirdly we realize that this is a says about evolution that we can call these all relatively easily and methods as i'm as it is on this what makes it so exciting hold up some bit on the spot design and so fond. of him angus wants to use the beetle wings design as the basis for a new structure. just like the wing case of the potato beetle destruction must be
two nights in state. however the architect is now how to design the load bearing components. the beetle has not yet. feel the exact arrangement of the fires. into the gas or drink just a tool he's still trying to outsmart the time. she stalks or something new to produce an incense traffic jam again she uses sugar solution to attract me saying it's the gang that populates over an hour and prayed for this thing it's riddled with obstacles. that sound all advocates of this is a bridge with a small pillers it was long to find out whether these obstacles calls follow they ask whether they'd rather help to structure their traffic and thus increase the speed of the ends it along to because it forms. the scope of the greats and explore all the new surroundings.
then the first ones returns of the next. game far try to beat others to the sure solution. more and more times run across the bridge but sometimes. obstruct the flow of traffic. well qualified called if anyone to counter is a pillar and blocks around it comes i sit in the audience that comes towards it goes around the other wildlife with system coming free. and easy flight of traffic apps can do it become way. women dressed in german. mr says it is co-sponsored especially during rush hour. the.
apathetic or university addressed traffic planners are looking into the problem. as a business not more. ok we're in the north of dresden a stick or the bistro kind of just the city center over there before is that sense of fairness and just be all and presidential a few south michigan you have to compete in the one to beat which is beating strategy number one story still traffic lights will decide for themselves watch to different just like ounce to or that. is inching is a two of a situation arises when there's traffic all the traffic lights past what is it like that one consulting a central control says each instead of an authentic looks at the local situation us and results are to suppose we. just like it uncommonly there is no central control . using census each traffic light are so many cars are coming from the range. the line of three cars gets the green line two cars are coming from the other direction but since they are past the other cars going to. the truck you like to study to.
and not just that it was a soft spot. because the way to a long time because there was a constant was coming from other directions in suppression. of the lines when i'm going to after a while the pressure of the blue cars is so hardly that the traffic light really changes that are in these things when he comes when we lost the right to me to be changes but. we might also words put in trucks which trams always get a green light. on the circle give opposite sign we've managed to self not a complete or deuce waiting times for all types of trying to tie this for cars by about thirty percent for pedestrians a fully about forty percent successful turn for the first officers by about a third. for the public transport the other managed to really was waving their arms just took center about the type of adults you're. mrs and not yours it's best to
establish the bedrooms and the decided autonomous doing. over in germany the colorado protects a beetle. has become an architect's favor brainteaser. they masterfully analyze its lights heat stable wing structures now they try to apply a new show mange wonderful that all of the could. have improved human to be pulled over because we have to check out how we can go down sure they're going through a system of two different geometrical configurations. which is no easy task actually i have to say no machine can the layers have to touch each other with a decent amount of contact force in its room never mind computers just how to make this uses a simple wooden thread model to try out his ideas. the city's design thank you for you it's important to note that eagle doesn't tell us everything. a great little allows us to discover certain basic construction consequences not wise and
now we can apply these construction principles in a multitude of ways he says that his mother as fast as he how many different shapes all know by g. going on and we can guess in a certain way on what's the overall construction might look like i'll see what the outcome this. the architects of years the beetle wings pillars to design pentago they form the basic building blocks of the structure. but it's the money you have simulated the stresses acting on such an element the money you can sue the bad guys here down the direction of the stresses so you can get some of the wheels to. show and you're going to see with my tire structure will look like i'm stupid. the beetle wing two billion consists of carbon glass pipe is computer controlled robots produce the individual outlines. final structure
put up on the university's campus in stuttgart normally this will be the end of such an architectural experiment. out of museum in london commissions a new even bigger pavilion. and to the homes beyond simply refuse to get stuck in traffic jams. or bangkok or order a descent to observe something on someone suddenly stole the movie wrong paint system . falls back on a full moon i don't think the answer awareness or travel example i'm disappointed in the tough heat sickish signalling the napkins on a good many will love it and if you get over look at albany for my help. at the end it stopped traffic becomes to have a coffee given culpable yet look at your have lived too many illusions is that all or somehow still star like you see in these ads that form the against that structure that if i click on clear trains to saturn i doubt it.
it's not your claim to know when to stop and regularly there are travelling to the radius a tour wants to continue studying the incidents and never hear the ams probably have many more drinks with numbers without driving problems at least three now has an explanation for why they have been trying to terms. to double only for me but doesn't beat the ants have a common goal or should learn they're looking for food which they then buy read when your honner was there here's a look at woman on their system only works because alone together get a common they're interested in it's a whopper entity to prison well if you compare this while a little harsh or cholesterol thing would cause you don't like having someone has their own goals and our motivations although there's no real interest to have one more hit on the coping. more cooperation and less egotism would probably help us to. show that on this basis even highly complex societies come from china
viciously. i think universities look at the fabrication of a new fetal position is entering its decisive place. according to a preprogrammed passing based a potato beetle design a rope lines to cross copper pipes onto a steep price. an engineer always keeps one finger on the emergency stick in case a friend slips song on the robot produces a rat's nest of five. when construction stronger steel will be good leaving the money for college. they will fall in supporting out most of the bricks. the glass uncommon fine the bag the
load the belt. as a protection against right not much plexiglass on the top. saunders also it's question amazing moment to see the structure to christine's unseen because man has if we haven't actually seen its real shape he is or is in state on it emerges during the manufacturing base and just through the interaction of human fostered by anyone such efforts. nothing breaks nothing back it's. the grace to come. the victorian alex it must get its meaning of it. it's got to the this has nothing roof leak everything you see is why he's about as much as we are metres of the facade of this brick building
a wall. and i was two and half a dozen since i got up just to give you an idea of the mobs they left joined by special and solid but i'll survive i was also as was a polished. piece by piece the elements are assembled into a two hundred square meter forbid hand. however the workers have difficulties tightening the screws which slows down the construction work. but with each element the classic it's better to send it in its structure. to pay for the billion. just in case for the exhibition. to the toy store owners for i'm doing them the job is an incredibly huge is it just as obama give us the d.n.a. of possibilities mukesh chi that makes us since i guess all the diverse and active
the it shows us how to enjoy things and we wouldn't get done because here i am essential wisdoms of from pudong on ars and i want to have a lot of technical solutions i need to look. the beatles of it is the main attraction of the course out of the music. few visitors are aware that this band is modeled on the wings of a small piece that is being considered the past the centuries. rode on in hospital in them and is starting to test the ladybird hundred miles even on the next models. during our first year in college torrijos now we came affects your superbugs because without knowing it she belongs to one high risk group.
gymnasts set changing rooms and spokespeople and they frequently suffer salinger and ninety three points for bacteria and other jackass. well being a member of brown university's gymnastics team tory got an infection this sixty centimeters long skirt is of course. it was read very well and very hot to touch i came down with flu like symptoms and something inside me just told me that something wasn't right so i went to the emergency room at rhode island hospital and they diagnosed it as marsa and i remember turning to my dad and just asking him det are they going to have to amputate my leg and i was so so scared to ask them a question. because i was scared to hear the answer they save my leg but ultimately they saved my life as well. that's why sure you can dedicate
a sound surprising number to try to. perhaps you would achieve the breakthrough to reach the right from a to z. . first substance is based on either inside or an insistence to be tested. on the first clinical trial by. physical location until such as a good medical type doesn't so much time is up but more than a million species you come out on something special when you watch them again probably not by insects or like with so much medicine can take i think if i can question it and some p.c. going to go down to follow the book you comes up some one of them and try to show you some. of the most successful life on other planets. to store data to the most diverse environments as founding genius solutions to seemingly song problems. we should not just see them as past so the audience. don't want to. clap
your robots and thirty minutes. earth a home for saving gloom geos told stories of creative people and a can of aid of projects around the world ideas to protect the climate and boost green energy solutions by global owing to those billions on a series of global three goals and on t.w. and on mine. a blessing. and a curse placed force of nature and in this scheme. monsoons the tropical jungle first shipment from a player the symbol of the so come to a place source of flame to cause of enormous destruction plain
monsoon starting may twenty third element to double. play. this is d w news wire from berlin underdogs i'm tough frankfurt defeated german giants fire new nick it's the first time in thirty years i'm top has won the german come final we bring you the highlights from last night's game also coming up. and it's an economic crisis voting that has started in venezuela with incumbent leader