Skip to main content

tv   Doc Film - Schools for Afghanistan - A Project in Peril  Deutsche Welle  July 1, 2018 8:02am-8:31am CEST

8:02 am
stand for. language courses. video audio. anytime anywhere. we learn the doughty language reading writing and arithmetic playing.
8:03 am
we want to pass on what we've learned otherwise we'll have one in the trick generation after another that. that was good or you have some money to keep operating at a low level but after that things look bleak was going something to stop. peter shitake was one of the first german development aid workers in afghanistan. twenty years ago he came from southern germany to the afghan capital kabul and started up a small aid organization called. in diary one of the official languages of afghanistan often means well done. although he did a great deal. throughout the years his project is now threatened with closure.
8:04 am
was it really really hurts to see what's been lost or already has been lost or. dollars but maybe one day we can bring it back to life has taught us. all through the city. that so no wonder. schmidt it his wife and the mathy and their local coworkers have taught tens of thousands of afghan girls how to read write and do arithmetic it's an incredible success story in a country where more than sixty percent of the people are illiterate. swallowed up water to understand what their organization does we visit the celica time mosque in a poverty stricken neighborhood on the outskirts of kabul. nan wet.
8:05 am
big. bracelet. will leave it there. like these young pupils follows the. first learn the alphabet and over again today as she stands for the many successes that she tech and his afghan partners can point to for years she had attended a state run school but her teachers could hardly read or write. that either one of those was a lesson as well really bad the closers were far too big and the teachers were often absent or didn't bother with the pupils it was much better at offering the teachers really engaged with us and really looked after us it was only when i started offering that i learned reading writing interest in a ticker on the fighting there really are there for the last one are some of the most of them there. and that gave her a basis for planning
8:06 am
a career that wasn't i'd like to study law and to become a judge who treats people humanely now or we hope i shall. go further than has inspired countless young afghan women to fulfill their dreams of leading an independent life from the start the german founders recipe for success was to involve the clerics who are only present in afghanistan. the country doesn't only have fundamentalist islamist to categorically reject education for girls. there are also liberal mullahs like overdue look how resign from the ministry for religious affairs. and birth that all of them as future. it is important for. girls to be educated to.
8:07 am
be on with your be. trolled the qur'an says that it is permitted for women to be enlightened by those and not a. dozen of them there are some ignorant people in our society who oppose sending girls to school that i was with but that is wrong. in my family for example it is no problem at all for the girls to go to school and get an education the thought of that only going to get that's. when the fundamentalist taliban were in power in afghanistan they restricted women's access to schooling and professions even now many families scarcely permit their daughters to leave the house. nonetheless the german aid workers have managed to teach around nine thousand children a year the alphabet and elementary arithmetic most of them girls. you.
8:08 am
just listed were finished. schooling is compulsory here but people just don't send the girls especially when they get older the use they say it's against our religion food and this is what if the schools are a bit further away a family can't keep an eye on the route that the girl has to take in the. car and have some neighbors or relatives were to gossip that the girl had talked to a young man on the way or something like that floods down the family's reputation would be in danger of defaulting avoid death by not sending her daughter to school at all once she's reached a certain age six friends and it was this other stuff. but even highly conservative afghans consider lessons in the mosque acceptable this way text took advantage of that and my. the classes into mosques where secular schooling
8:09 am
takes place alongside religious instruction that is their basic concept respecting conservative traditions without losing sight of their goal. covering the face with a veil during lessons is actually against over ins rules because it makes the people's pronunciation unclear and hinders facial movement but in the case of older women the organization allows it understanding the fears these students may have. one voice here ya is for years even since the fall of the taliban people don't know where things are going to go from here called a comeback. or are we really going to move into a more modern age where everyone can read and write and they need to be skilled or awarded a car when people say you were one of those who ran around on the veil and you have to justify yourself to the taliban. or to live on the place in.
8:10 am
history has taught afghans to be mistrustful the prospective law student found zia a successful graduate of the schools has chosen to face the future with optimism. her father supports her plans to become a judge he has two wives and twelve children and is a religious man. in his interpretation of islam women have rights including the right to an education and he says he doesn't care if his views meet with disapproval from his friends and acquaintances. welcome of the mayor governors and a lot of people sometimes make remarks and i have taken quite a lot of criticism. then on how but ultimately it's my decision and i'm convinced i am on the right side. women can be educated according to the laws of islam i'm
8:11 am
convinced that by supporting my daughter i'm doing the right thing or the water. that's. a lot of women who see i'm going to school and getting an education or envious off and has allowed me they say we wish we had a father who sent us to school on a more there's a lot and i wish i went home with them both the thought of them up. first came to the region in the one nine hundred seventy s. there were many german engineers working here at the time peter shitake took on a job as a math professor in kabul. since then afghanistan has been a part of his life. a lot of food for good gets ahold of you it's happened to lots of people who came here they've somehow remained attached to this country for their entire lives and that's what happened to me with all for a game. for the night. that was opened in the late one nine hundred ninety s.
8:12 am
the shitakes began to set up their school project since retiring they've run it on a volunteer basis many of their coworkers such as office manager hussein have already have become friends. street tech doesn't hesitate to tell them what he thinks has gone wrong with the international mission in afghanistan. he's been. i really think that afghanistan has been left completely alone on the educational front of us money has been poured into the system so that they can pay their teachers if poorly and construct school buildings but in terms of what goes on inside the classrooms they've been completely left on their own multi-focal a limitless. now the german aid workers feel they've also been abandoned their girls schools are in danger now that their main donor the catholic aid organization has stopped funding. it says afghanistan has become too dangerous.
8:13 am
for the record i'm for and this is the explanation they give as area or is increasingly saying precarious security situations in certain countries and regions where your own and look and saw like afghanistan which unfortunately restrict our ability to support our partners and sweating. over the previous three and a half years visiting or contributed more than two million euros to support the school project since march over again has had to finance itself private sponsors and small n.g.o.s have donated around two hundred thirty thousand euros that will last until march twenty eighth. teen after that the project's future is unclear. it's a question for the policymakers who promised the afghans so much for the future to give them new opportunities and so forth. so if.
8:14 am
today there's a surprise in store for this the text one that will lift their spirits somewhat. they have come to have tea with one of the former teachers and they're delighted at what they find here you. knock it. has turned the living room of her parents' home into a classroom. although the sheer text can no longer pay her she continues to teach. she says too much is at stake after so much has been achieved nagi a wants to pass on what she has learned. because the. more go well. i worked in for a year but first there was some money very little but enough to cover the travel to
8:15 am
the school. now i teach for nothing at home i do it voluntarily because i want to watch from bottom on amazon i was my students once they're able to so we'll do the same that's the plan without some of them that's that's the long haul the best. not yet is not the only one more and more former students and teachers are continuing the lessons on their own initiative and without pay. this is led to the formation of an informal network of schools all over the afghan capital this vitex laid the foundation for this work twenty years ago. this teacher could do something else with her free time but she teaches. scott there are so many times when we think why do we do this but then you see the children and how enthusiastic they are i frankly don't mind some good examples nadia and her sisters are glowing examples
8:16 am
was that they had their first educational experiences with the german organization and now they're headed to university. to witness the movement the admission esther gave no one of the sisters is still in school and wants to take the entrance exam for university under is the other lives already attending university and she's helping her sister prepare for the exams for us to go see. because it could lead to loss on. shouldn't have. met. what will happen when over rains funding runs out can be seen in this mosque. mokhtari who is in charge of the qur'an classes here says it's
8:17 am
a shame that offering will soon have to end its secular school program she only has money for religious instruction instead of learning to read write and do math the children will learn the koran by heart and decide to soras in arabic a language they don't even understand. a lot. you know. in america the more the if the aid from offering stops we will not be able to replace it with them for the children will not learn math or language they won't be able to develop the mr. moffat it needs to be funded as it used to be in order to continue it as if it. if that support stops it will cause a lot of damage there's a raft and there was a month a month. and these children will lose out in a country that has lost so much without an education they have fewer opportunities
8:18 am
for the future. and that can make them more vulnerable targets for extremist recruiters. armed with an education they are less likely to be pressed into war. or maybe. it just because one of their has been war in afghanistan for more than forty years. the form of that has made all areas of life difficult for the taliban's them or the economy is weak and that makes the help from europe and germany in particular so important to them cannot measure them gone out without their say nothing would be possible mother says none of them they're going to remember some of the koran on it and. the sure takes have paid a personal price for their life in afghanistan kabul is a dangerous city.
8:19 am
for security reasons they change cars frequently. things that are normal in european cities like taking a walk or going to shop at a market are not possible for them here. but to. the house where the german couple lives also serves as the office for offering the compound is the center of their lives taking walks or exercise has to take place behind the protection of the high walls. and the very good message through inside if i were walking like this on the street the same time every day. you question the sooner or later word would get around no there was a lie just a boy here boy a foreigner would be easy prey for some people trying to make money by kidnapping someone and boy did some one hundred or until you months look at that point.
8:20 am
is it possible to feel at home when you're constantly at risk of being kidnapped or the target of an attack. as a hard nut would just i wouldn't say afghanistan is our home n.p.r.'s second home but when i first home our homeland is germany. that first home is the tranquil village of new votes walk in central germany. shitakes spend the summers here. the contrast to kabul could not be greater. every summer when they return to germany for one or two months they realize what they've been missing.
8:21 am
one thing for g'slinn we have grandchildren here to run four years old and. for us there's a lot to cherish here. shares of the rule of law and of the police things like that card we can be happy that we have all that here this one go for this month or so it was. an immensely and pay test for take try to relax and enjoy themselves when they're here but especially in view of current developments in germany they can't understand why their main sponsor museum is unwilling to continue funding their school project. to the fluting screes are doing through the migration crisis has brought so many afghans to europe or simply because they have no opportunities back home so people say we have to do something and that country to give them opportunities create hope and so for self and so. but that's exactly what we do and if they turn off the lights now it will achieve the opposite wonderfully it all
8:22 am
started at. the aid workers recently approached the german ministry for economic co-operation and development to find more funding for their project to no avail their small house in hundred is full of souvenirs of afghanistan. they include a photo album from the one nine hundred seventy s. a period in afghanistan that few people recall today a brief interlude without unrest and war that was when the ship text love affair with afghanistan began. today many of their friends wish their relationship with afghanistan would end sooner rather than later. as get through there's certainly a lot of them and not just our children involved and also our friends and relatives
8:23 am
say can't you finally stop as often. but the couple have no intention of doing that just yet. instead they're packing their bags to return to that second home which occupies such a big place in their lives. back in afghanistan the shitakes are taking an arduous journey to the countryside. the punchier valley is an area of great beauty in a largely barren landscape unlike many other development workers who hardly ever leave their well guarded homes in kabul. shitakes have often traveled throughout the country and continue to do so. that is not without risks but there are helped
8:24 am
by their experience and excellent contacts. this is on the un squad and what we hope to do is to overcome the cultural differences that exist within afghanistan the divide between the city and the countryside and the conditions here are very different the home under a bit thinner. i ninety percent of people in the rural areas of afghanistan cannot read or write the over in organization run six schools in the punchier valley there used to be more but budget cuts forced some painful closures. this. was more yourself only got a lot. more sleep in days he wants to tell us something about school much that
8:25 am
she isn't needed. j.s. skull is a place where you learn to read and write and way you gain knowledge if you learn you can become something if you don't learn you can only become a goat herd or a farmer. in the. school director mohammed likes that answer. or that. there are lots of problems in pancho the schools don't have much capacity there aren't enough buildings often we have to teach in tents and the children have a long track to get to school. there are no hotels here but they sure techs are used to such sleeping arrangements on
8:26 am
their travels through afghanistan. by doing her resign or from the ministry of religious affairs is a company english vitex on their inspection trip in the countryside. where. they collaborate on further training for the teachers who work for. the german aid workers hope they will somehow be able to find new financial backers and their afghan partners hope that the increasingly vocal extremists in the country will not put an end to the project. for more why the federal i was insulted on facebook for working together with offering paul or more of their fears
8:27 am
book we declared on facebook that the taliban follow a militant interpretation of islam. they are a wild and be still group that has nothing to do with true islam. at the other islam not out there as long. as the killing people is simply wrong. to muslims and that applies to muslims and non muslims who owns one of. the women and men who want to murder their mortgages and of all. the remaining foreign aid workers face enormous problems here but they feel they have made promises to the afghan people. and in their quiet way they should take their own as long. as the killing panel is simply wrong. to muslim that applies to muslims and non muslims. to women and men who want to
8:28 am
murder their mortgages and of all. the remaining foreign aid workers face enormous problems here but they feel they have made promises to the afghan people. and in their quiet way this would takes intend to keep those promises. you. guys rigorous off we still have some hope so we're not being defeatist and just waiting for all the hand i think we'll turn out good. you think your mom. and when you look at what's been achieved we have heard that chance not our organization but rather the children of yours on one week in the.
8:29 am
euro max this week's highlights from. art in northern england a festival this loud and proud about its home. luxury on rails a train ride back to the time of the russian tsar. and a clash of the king to virtual souls collide in a musical battle. room of. the. crimes against humanity. civilians become witnesses. their recorded images travel around the globe via social media. digital investigators comb through the flood of images find sources to try to reconstruct
8:30 am
what happened and to substantiate claims of crimes. in forty five minutes on the t.w. photographic. what keeps us in shape what makes us sick and how do we stay conscious. my name is dr carlson the i talk to medical experts. watch them at work. and then discuss what you can do to improve your health. stay tuned and let's all try to stay in good. company w. . make your store t.v. smarter with the d.w.p. for small cheap. sun don't more. dot com smart t.v.
8:31 am
. i want to welcome to our highlights is ition of the show with the best picks of the week i'm your host meghan lee here's a look at what's coming up. northern celebration a three month long cultural festival in the north of england. dual epic keys to possible musicians and their pals out on.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on