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tv   Doc Film - Schools for Afghanistan - A Project in Peril  Deutsche Welle  July 1, 2018 6:30pm-7:00pm CEST

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a clash that's shaking families and society to the call. my father will be angry sometimes i think i will be dead. commando starts july eighth d. w. . good. day baby we learn the daddy language reading writing and arithmetic. we want to pass on what we've learned otherwise we'll have one illiterate generation after another that the law. on that was killed or you have
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some money to keep operating at a low level but after that things look bleak sports goes up into stores. peter shitake was one of the first german development aid workers in afghanistan. twenty years ago he came from southern germany to the afghan capital kabul and started up a small aid organization called. in diary one of the official languages of afghanistan often means well done. although he did a great deal throughout the years his project is now threatened with closure. all i . said was get real. it really hurts to see what's been lost
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or already has been lost or thrown for years but maybe one day we can bring it back to life and the story gets. through the whole thing. so i don't want to go. shoot it his wife and the mathy and their local coworkers have taught tens of thousands of afghan girls how to read write and do arithmetic it's an incredible success story in a country where more than sixty percent of the people are illiterate. swallowed up water to understand what their organization does we visit the celica time mosque in a poverty stricken neighborhood on the outskirts of kabul. nan wet. big. bracelet.
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we'll leave it there there's a thanks a lot. like these young pupils follows the. first learn the alphabet and over again today she stands for the many successes that she tech and his afghan partners can point to for years she had attended a state run school but her teachers could hardly read or write. that either one of those other lessons were really bad the closers were far too big and the teachers were often absent or didn't bother with the pupils it was much better at offering the teachers really engaged with us and really looked after us so it was only when i started offering that i learned reading writing and arithmetic were often in their earlier they go on the rush to know some of those there. and that gave her a basis for planning a career that was in it i'd like to study law and to become a judge who treats people humanely i'll follow in photocell.
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the first thing has inspired countless young afghan women to fulfill their dreams of leading an independent life from the start the german founders recipe for success was to involve the clerics who are only present in afghanistan. the country doesn't only have fundamentalist islamist to categorically reject education for girls. there are also liberal mullahs like overdue locale resign or from the ministry for religious affairs. but. it is important for. girls to be educated to. be only your be a mother all the qur'an says that it is permitted for women to be enlightened by those and not
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a. dozen of them there are some people in our society who oppose sending girls to school that i was with but that is wrong. in my family for example it is no problem atone for the girls to go to school and get an education the thought of that only going to get that. when the fundamentalist taliban were in power in afghanistan they restricted women's access to schooling and professions even now many families scarcely permit their daughters to leave the house. nonetheless the german aid workers had managed to teach around nine thousand children a year the alphabet and elementary arithmetic most of them girls even after you. just did their sure finished. schooling is compulsory here but people just don't
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send the girls especially when they get older. views and they say it's against our religion food and that's what they have to schools a bit further away a family can't keep an eye on the room took a girl has to take in the court for your car and have some neighbors or relatives were to cost up to the girl had talked to a young man on the way or something like that what's done the family's reputation would be endangered. so they avoid that by not sending their daughter to school at all once she's reached a certain age st vincent is as good. but even highly conservative afghans consider lessons in the mosque acceptable this way tex took advantage of that and my. the classes into mosques where secular schooling takes place alongside religious instruction that is their basic concept respecting
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conservative traditions without losing sight of their goal. covering the face with a veil during lessons is actually against over ins rules because it makes the people's pronunciation unclear and hinders facial movement but in the case of older women the organization allows it understanding the fears these students may have. been voiced here you know it's four years even since the fall of the taliban people don't know where things are going to go from here although a comeback. or are we really going to move into a more modern age where everyone can read and write and they need the skills or awarded a car when people say you were one of those who ran around on a veil and you have to justify yourself to the taliban quarterly for the very good you. history has taught afghans to be mistrustful the prospective law student found zia
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a successful graduate of the schools has chosen to face the future with optimism. her father supports her plans to become a judge he has two wives and twelve children and is a religious man. in his interpretation of islam women have rights including the right to an education and he says he doesn't care if his views meet with disapproval from his friends and acquaintances. who know her mother may or governors and a lot of people sometimes make remarks and i have taken quite a lot of criticism. is on how but ultimately it's my decision and i'm convinced i am on the right side. women can be educated according to the laws of islam i'm convinced that by supporting my daughter i'm doing the right thing for. that so.
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a lot of women who see i'm going to school and getting an education are envious off and has a lot and they say we wish we had a father who sent us to school on a more positive that i wish i went home with them both of them up. first came to the region in the one nine hundred seventy s. there were many german engineers working here at the time peter shitake took on a job as a math professor in kabul. since then afghanistan has been a part of his life. rado through the story it gets ahold of you it's happened a lots of people who came here they've somehow remained attached to this country for their entire lives and that's what happened to me with all for game. of the night. was over in the late one nine hundred ninety s. the shitakes began to set up their school project since retiring they've run it on a volunteer basis many of their coworkers such as office manager hussein have ari
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have become friends. vitek doesn't hesitate to tell them what he thinks has gone wrong with the international mission in afghanistan. i really think that afghanistan has been left completely alone on the educational front of us money has been poured into the system so that they can pay their teachers if poorly and construct school buildings but in terms of what goes on inside the classrooms they've been completely left on their own was the focal a limitless. now the german aid workers feel they've also been abandoned their girls schools are in danger now that their main donor the catholic aid organization is idiotic has stopped funding. it says afghanistan has become too dangerous. to go in and for this is the explanation they give as area or is increasingly saying or kariya security situations in certain countries like regions where your
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an unspoken saw like afghanistan which unfortunately restricts our ability to support our partners and swing. over the previous three and a half years missouri or contributed more than two million euros to support the school project since march over again has had to finance itself private sponsors and small n.g.o.s have donated around two hundred thirty thousand euros that will last until march twenty eighth. teen after that the project's future is unclear. it's a question for the policymakers who promised the afghans so much for the future to give them new opportunities and so forth do you think. today there's a surprise in store for this vitex one that will lift their spirits somewhat.
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they have come to have tea with one of the former teachers and they're delighted at what they find here you. knock it. has turned the living room of her parents' home into a classroom. although the sheer text can no longer pay her she continues to teach. she says too much is at stake after so much has been achieved not be a wants to pass on what she has learned. because the. more go well. i worked in for a year at first there was some money very little but enough to cover the travel to the school. now i teach for nothing at home i do it voluntarily because i want to wash on bottom on amazon i was my students once they're able to so we'll do the
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same that's fine with us some of them that's that's the best us. nadia is not the only one more and more former students and teachers are continuing the last ns on their own initiative and without pay. this is led to the formation of an informal network of schools all over the afghan capital this vitex laid the foundation for this work twenty years ago. this teacher could do something else with her free time but she teaches. scott there are so many times when we think why do we do this but then you see the children and how enthusiastic they are i forgot my eyes and with them nadia and her sisters are glowing examples was that they had their first educational experiences with the german organization and now they're headed to university. when it's an
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idea i wish us to get not one of the sisters is still in school and wants to take the entrance exam for university. is the other lives already attending university and she is helping her sister prepare for the exams first up. because this should lead to loss on. shouldn't. what will happen when over rains funding runs out can be seen in this mosque. more than mokhtari who is in charge of the qur'an classes here says it's a shame that offering will soon have to end it secular school program she only has money for religious instruction instead of learning to read write and do math the
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children will learn the koran by heart and recite the suras in arabic a language they don't even understand. you know. in america the more the thought if the aid from offering stops we will not be able to replace it with them for the children will not learn math or language they won't be able to develop the measure. but showed that it needs to be funded as it used to be in order to continue it as if it. if that support stops it will cause a lot of damage. i never saw a month unemployed. and these children will lose out in a country that has lost so much without an education they have fewer opportunities for the future. and that can make them more vulnerable targets for extremist
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recruiters. armed with an education they are less likely to be pressed into war. or maybe a. job or they were going to it just because one of their has been war in afghanistan for more than forty years. that has made all areas of life difficult for the tilt to the president as the economy is weak and that makes the help from europe and germany in particular so important to them cannot measure them got out without their say nothing would be possible that is none of them they're going to numbers i'm a grown man at that. takes have paid a personal price for their life in afghanistan kabul is a dangerous city. for security reasons they change cars frequently. things that are normal in european
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cities like taking a walk or going to shop at a market are not possible for them here. but to. the house where the german couple lives also serves as the office for offering the compound is the center of their lives taking walks or exercise has to take place behind the protection of the high walls. then the regular may sift through inside if i want walking like this on the street at the same time every day. but sooner or later word would get around us that know there is a lie just a boy to be here boy a foreigner would be easy prey for some people trying to make money by kidnapping someone to boycott some one hundred or until you months look at that point. is it possible to feel at home when you are constantly at risk of being kidnapped
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or the target of an attack. as a hypo does i wouldn't say afghanistan is our home maybe our second home but when i first home our homeland is germany. that first time is the tranquil village of honduras near the spot in central germany. text spend the summers here. the contrast to kabul could not be greater. every summer when they return to germany for one or two months they realize what they've been missing. one dollar a good year we have grandchildren here to run for years on. us there's
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a lot to cherish here. serves the rule of law of the police things like that we can be happy that we have all that here in just one go for this month just to listen. to. an immensely and pay cash to take try to relax and enjoy themselves when they're here but especially in view of current developments in germany they can't understand why their main sponsor museum is unwilling to continue funding their school project. after the first two screens are doing through the migration crisis has brought so many afghans to your simply because they have no opportunities back home some people say we have to do something in that country to give them opportunities create hope and so forth stuff so. but that's exactly what we do and if they turn off the lights now it will achieve the opposite one dollar three it all started at. the aid workers recently approached the german ministry for economic cooperation and development to find more funding for their project to no
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avail their small house in hundred is full of souvenirs of afghanistan. they include a photo album from the one nine hundred seventy s. a period in afghanistan that few people recall today a brief interlude without unrest and war that was when the shit text love affair with afghanistan began. today many of their friends wish their relationship with afghanistan would end sooner rather than later. three there's certainly a lot of them and not just our children involved also our friends and relatives say can't you finally stop as often. but the couple have no intention of doing that just yet. instead they're packing their bags to return to that second home which
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occupies such a big place and their lives. back in afghanistan the techs are taking an arduous journey to the countryside. the punchier valley is an area of great beauty in a largely barren landscape unlike many other development workers who hardly ever leave their well guarded homes in kabul. techs have often traveled throughout the country and continue to do so. that is not without risks but they're helped by their experience and excellent contacts.
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this is only. what we hope to do is to overcome the cultural differences that exist within afghanistan the divide between the city and the countryside the conditions here are very different to home and of a bit below. it i ninety percent of people in the rural areas of afghanistan cannot read or write. the over in organization run six schools in the punchier valley there used to be more but budget cuts forced some painful closures. this really was more your somebody got a lot. more sleep than me if he wants to tell us something about school she is immediate. j.s.p.
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school is a place where you learn to read and write and where you gain knowledge if you learn you can become something if you don't learn you can only become a goat herd or a farmer. in the. school director mohammed like that answer. there are lots of problems in the schools don't have much capacity there aren't enough buildings often we have to teach in tents and the children have a long track to get to school. there are no hotels here but the sheer techs are used to such sleeping arrangements on their travels through afghanistan.
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from the ministry of religious affairs is accompanying the tax on their inspection trip in the countryside. they collaborate on further training for the teachers who work for. the german aid workers hope they will somehow be able to find new financial backers and their afghan partners hope that the increasingly vocal extremists in the country will not put an end to the project. because for more why the governor of our is insulted on facebook for working together with offering all of or more more of the fees. we declared on facebook that the taliban follow a militant interpretation of islam. they are
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a wild and be still group that has nothing to do with true islam. ever there are they were islam never there as long as the made the killing people is simply wrong . to muslims and that applies to muslims and non muslims. to women and men who want to model the mortgages on. the remaining foreign aid workers face enormous problems here but they feel they have made promises to the afghan people. and in their quiet way takes intent to keep those promises. which you don't. seem. to is vigorous often and we'd still have some hope so we're not being defeatist man just waiting for all that and i think we have
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a chance. you think you're my hero and when you look at what's been achieved we have earned that chance not our organization but rather the children of yours on one weekend.
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