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tv   Doc Film - Secret Animal Transports - When the Law Fails to Protect  Deutsche Welle  July 5, 2018 9:15pm-10:00pm CEST

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how did they make that. our drop today with the w. news live from berlin i'll be back at the top of the hour with more world news followed by the day to see it. like. a. story that is palpable world over information they provide the opinions they want to express d.w. on facebook and twitter up to date and in touch. after.
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they were going on summer twenty seventeen every week ships carrying cattle and sheep arrive here. the animals have already been transported thousands of kilometers first to the harbor by road then across the mediterranean by ship. not all of the animals survive on harmed but. some of them are dead. playing. with. other animals like this one are injured the e.u. is determined that this will become a thing of the past. in twenty fifteen the european court. justice ruled that the
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well being of animals that are exploited live from the evil must be insured for their entire journey. the ruling says protection for animals under you law does not stop at the borders of the e.u. . that's. also good and the final destination is not the e.u. border it's the country where the animals are unloaded for at least forty eight hours and the importers are always countries like egypt or turkey or iran that do not have here to e.u. standards in the e.u. except that it has no control over what happens there of this gotten it from some. european animal welfare association say that as a result the ruling has no real effect their investigations reveal that as soon as the shipments leave the e.u. animal welfare ceases to be a consideration. they
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refuse to accept as any longer in twenty seventeen million protest signatures were collected by organizations throughout europe and handed over to the responsible e.u. commissioner in brussels. i think. the euro group for animals unites animal welfare groups from many european countries. it's calling for the european court of justice judgement to be fully implemented. a delegation from several of the european organizations met the e.u. commissioner. as we stand here all these millions of animals are being transported across europe but sorry europe and the game else today was that the commissioner promised that because of this up with this he's able to keep this topic hard on the european union. the animal rights act. posts are under no illusions some of
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what this the transportation of the animals and their final destinations for themselves. you know our work we have witnessed things beyond imagination anyone we have seen european anymore as being. having their eyes that having their attendance laid. while transport conditions within the e.u. have steadily improved things apparently have not changed much for the animals after they arrive abroad. there's a reason why prying eyes here are unwelcome. to the show this hidden footage to the e.u. commissioner. we brought the is attention what is happening with european and he marched off their dailies their european soil being killed and transported you know way which would be illegal in european union it's
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a thing that nobody can accept anymore. we want to track cattle and sheep from europe and find out how far the e.u. ruling is being implemented on the ground. we accompanied teams from me animal welfare foundation or a w.f. an organization that monitors live animal transportation because we can june twenty seventeen there monitoring cabs cabs can be transported when they're just two weeks old this truck is on the way from eastern europe through germany and france to spain. more than three thousand kilometers by road and every nine hours the on wind should be offloaded. cable could enough cabs cannot be cared for on the truck they still need no snow which means they have to get an electrolyte solution or another milk replacement. and that's not possible
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on the truck. the activists follow the truck day and night. that's because that's where some of the fun was unable to talk to the driver and he says he's driving a lithuanian cabs to spain via poland we are trying to get the police to stop and now he's crossed the border so we can look at the cabs nothing happens or so on. the german police tail the transport. they direct the truck off the motorway montoya's service area and inform the veterinarian storage. activist dearest baumgartner has been following the transport. in that state. of to nine hours cops need to be taken care of it seems the truck had only been on the road for twelve hours and had i think and the other one thousand two hundred kilometers to go to an unnerving station in front of him said the police did at the drive to continue because the cops had to be taken care of. with some difficulty
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they find a farm that's prepared to temporarily house all the camps there's no supply station anywhere nearby. they're scarce and not only in germany. this isn't cause it's probably this is a big problem for the police and veterinarians who control the animal transports they often cannot implement the law or do anything for the animals because there are too few unloading options. over three thousand kilometers across europe and even a traffic jam can cause a delay that means a supply station is not reached on time. accommodating these cabs on a farm near the highway is a huge undertaking. it takes hours until the cows are filled with a milk substitute. feeding is supposed to take
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place every nine hours. let me. just. say unfortunately that rarely happens some transport firms do that especially german companies but most of them drive through without stopping. the next day another truck the same problem. thousands of cabs are being shipped across europe every day but at least in germany they do spot checks. the police in france inspect animal transports to destructors carrying cows for fattening. some of the calves are not strong enough for the stress of a long journey. and this is just the beginning. again and if they take into countries with fattening up is cheap and then they're usually exploited further from there. after the animals are found and they were
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taken to the slaughter house or shipped abroad. exports of live cattle to third countries from germany alone to all who are. seventy thousand animals between twenty thirteen and twenty six. turkey is one of the main buyers the shipment from germany to turkey takes an average of about seventy hours . from the baltic it's more than four thousand kilometers the animals come from all over the e.u. . more than a quarter of a million living animals were shipped to turkey in two thousand and sixteen. the main border crossing into turkey is capitana andrea in bulgaria this is for cattle and sheep leave the european union. exports from the e.u. to turkey rose from twenty four thousand cattle in two thousand and thirteen to over two hundred sixty five thousand in two thousand and sixteen between june and
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september temperatures here often reach between thirty five and forty degrees celsius. some are twenty seventeen we accompany eighty eight w.f. staff to the bulgarian turkish border. that's what. the bulgarian boat at covington and. this is the border animal transports from different e.u. countries cross in order to enter to keep i'd. been watching these trucks since twenty ten. sites white house and see. the problems have remained the same. but what has changed thank god is that the chance book conditions a much better. chance for tell the best of their. trucks in the e.u. for example have continued to improve in recent years ventilation systems are standard. they are equipped with drinking systems that can be put into operation at stops. well some transport companies have
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clearly invested a lot in better transport conditions for the animals and daughter. but all that can still be in vain like here some weeks during summer i stop and see if you see a lot of trucks from all over europe at the turkish border the animals suffer greatly because of the very high temperatures the animals get stuck in traffic jams sometimes for days they often don't get processed in time and for the last sixty years we have repeatedly documented animals on transports to countries outside the e.u. dying of thirst suffering from injuries or giving birth. as in previous years these animal rights activists monitor how animals are treated at the border over a week in august. to keep accurate records. and it seems that little has changed.
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the weekend is coming clearing customs and the turkey is tortuously slow both sheep and cattle are stuck in traffic for days nighttime temperatures are bearable but not during the day. these are cows from bavaria.
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ventilation system is running at full capacity but even that brings little relief. the water tanks on the trucks have long since run dry and there's no way to refill them here in the gridlock.
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more and more animals are dying. suffering in the heat to us no possibility of escape many. the animals injure themselves. just magnificent bold like many other animals is also facing death. it's an intolerable situation for both animals and humans. as a friend of father's and many drivers are also extremely angry that the transposed to turkey function so badly and that's things haven't changed and he is and. this driver has been waiting three days in the scorching heat because of a bureaucratic error and peer tag did not match the shipping documents. he's
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furious because he's not been able to give his animals any food or water for three days. but. i mean as i know many say transposing animals to tick is a nightmare. some veterinarian offices in germany will not approve any transports to turkey during these top summer weeks. but not the muslim festival of sacrifice coming up demand is particularly high. cattle from southern germany are in the queue at the e.u. border. germany exports a lot of pregnant cows for milk production in turkey. and he'll brochure give some advice transporting live animals to turkey and asks
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then ensure good ventilation not over thirty degrees celsius and be prepared for the unexpected it says. we have a question for the e.u. in brussels how could it be that for years now every summer you know most are suffering and dying of thirst on the e.u. border with turkey. we're asking about the situation at the border between bulgaria and turkey so we are working with with gary up for example to see how we can prove the facilities have for any most close to the border and we are working with turkey to make sure that such problems at the border are reduced or. don't occur in the future anymore so we are working with them to work to try to improve improve the situation
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and avoid this kind of unforseen situation temperature for example that there is another on christine. unforseen. event on person situation. unpredictable temperatures traffic jams that go on for kilometers. not every week is like this but it happens every summer. we were here before a few weeks ago little is changed to. endless queues stressed out drivers and animals almost dying of thirst until they finally cross the e.u. border into turkey.
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the journey is still far from over but any notion of animal welfare ends here especially during the summer weeks. this animal will die on the other side of the border. the european court of justice says that the ears animal welfare regulations also apply in turkey but no one here cares about that. madness to transpose animals over thousands of kilometers his and into countries where there is no law that protects them. from here some transports will continue another twenty two hundred kilometers to their below in iraq. this is amsterdam the organization eyes on animals has repeatedly tracked animals from the border to the slaughterhouse it's leslie moffatt has often been to turkey
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herself the organisation also offers training for slaughter houses there. if i was i go there between three and four times a year we were just there in july one team was in the slaughterhouses that was my team and one team was at the border to inspect the animal transports sickle. buffet has been visiting turkish slaughterhouses for years that's where the journey ends for many sheep and cattle. after all the hardships they have been through their deaths are horrific. basically there are still huge problems in the slaughterhouses in turkey the same as in twenty thirteen and that's because there's no law in turkey no animal welfare levels at slaughterhouses. in turkey animals are slaughtered according to islamic right that means the animals are killed without previously being studied. animal rights activists have long
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condemned the way that this is done in many turkish slaughterhouses. that the butcher has a very short time not big enough to sever the neck in one cut and i actually alone means to cut the whole neck at once to let the blood out of the. scans the houses on the spot look how many times he has to cut. you off. so it stands and mention how much pain the animal suffers it's still alive it's still conscious. and you can see it in its own eyes. this man has carefully studied the teachings of the koran in regard to animals he's a muslim himself and he works as a volunteer inspector for eyes on animals. the slaughter
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houses in turkey you have to change a lot of this because what you see there is not really islamic law it's just torture for the animals. and people do it because they think it's islamic and it has to be that way even with some of them does in their day. but it doesn't have to be that way. why do we use technology for our own bodies and not for animals. when we're operated on we use anesthetics. and we slaughter an animal we should also use anesthetics in this case a boat shot. but using anesthesia prior to slaughter is still in the distant future in turkey leslie moffatt has repeatedly witnessed the horrific ways in which animals are killed after their long journeys. now does against after one very bad slaughterhouse in turkey i couldn't sleep for three weeks because all i could hear was the sound of the blinds screaming.
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exporting me to instead of live animals would be an alternative but in islamic countries they want to slaughter the animals according to religious rites. but that's just one reason for live animal exports not the only one as has been to go as if it's simply cheaper it's cheaper for the exporters to transport a live animal under current conditions which are completely unregulated and as we have seen. the same old cooling chain would be extremely expensive you need completely different vehicles and different ships and you the nuts of hoping. for many animals this means that transportation by truck is followed by a sea voyage to lebanon or north africa. we decide to secretly observe shipments seventy you port in croatia. modern trucks make the deliveries here and there's even
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a large table but it's not always used. most of the trucks we watch loaded animals directly onto the ships. just saves money for the stable because the time spent on the ship is not considered transport it's categorized as rest. animals leave the e.u. by ship. to the e.u. rules only apply until the animals leave to e.u. or do they continue to be binding until they reach their final destination. this has been a contentious issue in courts for many years right up to the european court of justice. the trigger was a decision made by a veterinarian officer in southern germany. that's must approve every. animal transport which is why an exporter must submit a transport plan in advance the plan details to care and rest periods for the
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animals being transported. and export are applied to this better in area and for approval to transport breeding cattle to his back to stop. before the item when i was preparing in the office i tried to work out how long it takes to go from kempton to is back to stem and according to the checkpoints listed in the transportation plan it came to a journey of nearly seven thousand kilometers of just like a flock of seagulls kilometer. the route would mainly be through asia six days without on loading the animals from the truck that's against the regulations that require cattle to be offloaded every twenty nine hours of a turn to the local legal authorities for advice. and for once banning guns life was raised a major question in our minds is also how can a transport where maser pos if the roost is effectively not subject to e.u.
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regulations and get a stamp of approval to proceed from an a u member states. conforms to. the official refused to release to transport the export company went to court to contest the decision by sea even though that's local fire were convinced that the power of a veterinary officer in germany and sent the e use extra no borders and i just didn't see it that way because my signature is still valid until the final destination of the transport. company in council stuck to its guns and demanded clarification. well come with us. why did we refuse to accept the decision of the veterinary office simply refused to handle transports that are only subject to european laws within europe and asia as that's what you know. so we had to make the decision either not to load there in
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future or get a legal ruling what does hope that was the reason why it went to court and why we brought it to the european court of justice to get us the mines under some pasta. we argue that european law applies in europe us or at least in the e.u. but not in third countries we alternately last at the european court of justice fought in what you have. the ruling by the european court of justice was clear you had a welfare rules apply right up to the final destination even if that is for example in turkey lebanon or egypt. when the transport starts in a member state normally it's the member states and the authorities and the transporters which have to make sure that the transport goes as forcing and we thing. and that i think joyce.
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the and most fair welfare rules. but indeed to third countries are not bound by e.u. legislation woods but how can a transporter guarantee animal welfare outside the e.u. . plus this what's in the i still don't know who informed russia kazakhstan uzbekistan or wherever that they're transporting animal welfare regulations if they have any don't apply to our trucks but our regulations do try saying that to another country by signing what's good deeds on the visits and that's why i think the european court judgement is ridiculous. hostile and. still the ruling applies not only to the export of expensive breeding animals but also to animals for slaughter.
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animal welfare is welfare for all animals this is undisputed however it may be necessary to keep in mind that the treatment of breeding animals could be completely different to that of animals for slaughter. us but it's not the same magine you're selling cars if you sell a formula one car that you were planning to race somewhere it must arrive in a faultless condition and z. but if you're selling junk cars for scrap it's not that important if the body has a few dents. that's how i'd put it. on oh. that's straight talk criminal industry expert even if he doesn't deal personally with animals bound for slaughter house it's. six hundred fifty thousand cattle were exported from the e.u. to certain countries between january and august twenty seventh team more than twice as many as in two thousand and fourteen. miracle of it on june twenty seventeen
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the british k. has docked and its own loading after a week long voyage. it was loaded the incept port miramar say in france it's carrying sheep and cattle from europe. we're watching under come. what are conditions like nowadays for animals sent from europe to lebanon. on all our previous visits the unloading was anything but animal friendly. let's look back to one thousand nine hundred this is how things were back then. we repeatedly saw injured animals their legs or hips broken as they were winched out of the freighters lower hole by one leg with
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a crane. their legs often snapped under their weight. even know politicians in germany and the e.u. say that these incidents are exceptions. but in fact taking injured animals to the slaughterhouse is commonplace. these and other images of transports that we documented triggered demonstrations both in germany and throughout europe. but the e.u. commission still maintains that these are isolated cases. one thousand nine hundred six back in the port of beirut injured animals frequently
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arrived on the ships from all over europe. at that time the export of cattle was still subsidized meaning the he who paid high premiums. injured animals were still not anesthetized on the ship or killed to put them out of their misery instead they were unloaded with the ship's crane. animals that were still alive could be sold and slaughtered. it was a financial issue. similar pictures from two thousand and five once again injured cattle were hoisted out of
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the ship on a rope which loaded on the trucks and carted to slaughter houses. shortly afterward the e.u. abolished all subsidies for the export of animals for slaughter and introduced stricter animal welfare rules for transporting them. back in twenty seventeen animals are being unloaded from the british. only one truck is still there. what comes next is in complete violation of e.u. animal welfare laws. and it's not an exception. we saw this happen twice when the ship was offloading live cargo from france in the summer of two thousand and seventeen. this animal will also be transported from the harbor. it's been two years since the european court of
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justice ruled that protection for animals under the law does not stop at the outer borders of the e.u. . the e.u. those rules are valid until the final destination and this is not yet been reached . the various administrative court also. ruled on the issue. of member states and the european union must fully take into account the welfare needs of animals as sentience beings. but the buyers of the animals probably know nothing about any of this. in any event these german sheep of a torturous journey behind them. the people here have their all time tested methods of loading and transporting animals. once they've been exploited d'anna most are completely without protection. animals
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international did not see torture such as i go everywhere in lebanon but that does not make it any better for the animals involved. back in germany we want to find out what a cow's life looks like from beginning to end. this is a dairy farm so-called because cows are cost of p. being born here because without cabs there would be no milk all the cows here are known by name. just as a cow have her first calf in about a month her name is rosalie and. the animals are doing fine and every effort is made to keep things that avoid as unfit are animals are not anonymous they're kept in an appropriate manner and we know them all by name. this is our oldest lady with twelve cast and she's
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actually still quite fit. she must be around fourteen years old by now. i was on every dairy farm most male calves are sold. to cattle dealers to be fattened up elsewhere. two days after christmas in december twenty fifth and a half or it was born here in bavaria. it was sold as usual to a cattle dealer in the spring of two thousand and sixteen. we tracked it until twenty seventeen when it reappeared in egypt. the cattle dealer had resold the calf in the minster region in northwestern germany . and there it passed through several fattening facilities.
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barely half a year later in july two thousand and sixteen it was exported to hungary for further fatman. after that we lost track of it. all in a letter the company said after the handover of the animal on the twelfth of december twenty sixth again it was no longer possible for us to trace a. request for information in hungary went unanswered at some point the animal must have been loaded onto a ship destined for egypt. in the summer of twenty seven team employees of the animals international organization were checking slaughterhouses in egypt. every day hundreds of sheep and cattle are delivered to the slaughter house near cairo.
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that. the activist found are unusual methods in use all the have a tours they looked at for example here they cut through the animals laid tendons before herding them. into the slaughterhouse. of course that means the animals can no longer walk but they are expected to most of the pictures the investigators took but they also showed another common practice almost all of the animals the highs are gouged out. it's the end of the line for the animals brief episodes of every day torture. sometimes it takes half an hour for an animal to die and these are certainly not individual cases i see it's not the next step should we are talking about
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defend no man on no matter if it's an approved slaughter house off the state or if it's happening in the street this is a phenomenon and everything that we see there it would be completely illegal in germany or anywhere in europe. my dear appears far away this cow comes from germany here tag proves its origin. this is the cow fus trail we lost in hungary. or so we shot the footage to show the family business and but area where the animal was born. to show them the conditions in the destination country and some scenes from the last phase of their animal's life. just. sit. there astonished that the calf ended up in egypt and they're horrified at how it was treated there. i thought so this is
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the step sister of the butchered bull we saw earlier on the video. we raised the animals we sell for fattening as humanely as possible and do everything we can to make them feel well maybe it's the elf we didn't know they die in such a cruel way is it done so good as. and then he was the day they race would we love and care being cute. matters away overseas in no way that shocked him and he's entire family up to defect that most of the members of the us i mean they would not look anymore and they were angry and i can understand they are angry because de de didn't know this and my heart aches when i see that our bull which we raised on our farm met such a fate. that hurts me deeply gets me. it is often claimed that animals for slaughter need to be exploited life because clients in islam
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a countries want to slaughter according to their own rituals. isn't the fact is the animals are slaughtered under medieval conditions and religion doesn't play the primary role it's just brutal butchery. when the prophet said do no harm to any animal like the animal should be slaughtered without pain if possible oh. yes it is useless to put it simply people slaughter the animals according to the customs they have seen before it is. a long means to follow in islamic right slaughtering without anaesthetic. the animal should die immediately and without suffering from a single cut to the throat. but this is not how it works here in egypt quite the contrary. muslim this new slaughter the way your ancestors showed you and people justify that
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is islamic but it is not is. you do what your father showed you know my own. role models. in egyptian slaughter houses many children observed the. unbelievable violence. the next generation becomes used to the incredible brutality against these animals that arise from all over the world. and a lot of animals is driven out of these children forever. and that leaves little hope for a better fate for our animals in the near future. nothing has changed for decades in these countries. i think that it is basically unacceptable to send animals over thousands of miles
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to countries where it's likely that they are being slaughtered under the cruelest conditions. and finish what i think is completely unnecessary we live in the twenty first century i cannot understand that we still have to transport animals over thousands of miles only to be so sad at the end of a journey. that. in the end of course it does not matter whether animals come from europe or elsewhere within the e.u. a lot has improved regarding animal transportation outside the e.u. the european court of justice is ruling does not protect animals from pain and suffering. of course someone is always responsible for each transport and religious beliefs have a great impact on the lives of animals so perhaps religious institutions need to become much more deeply involved ultimately animals are sentience beings just like humans.
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