tv Doc Film - Secret Animal Transports - When the Law Fails to Protect Deutsche Welle July 7, 2018 7:15am-8:00am CEST
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beirut lebanon summer twenty seven came every week ships carrying cattle and sheep arrive here. the animals have already been transported thousands of kilometers first to the harbor by road then across the mediterranean by ship. not all of the animals survive on harm. some of them are dead. and. other animals like this one are injured the e.u. is determined that this will become a thing of the past. in twenty fifteen the european court of justice ruled that the
well being of animals that are export of life from the e.u. must be insured for their entire journey. the ruling says protection for animals under e.u. law does not stop at the borders of the e.u. . and the final destination is not the e.u. border it's the country where the animals are unloaded for at least forty eight hours the importers are always countries like egypt or turkey or iran that do not adhere to e.u. standards and the e.u. except that it has no control over what happens there but the tone of this thought in the. european animal welfare association say that as a result the ruling has no real effect their investigations reveal that as soon as the shipments leave the e.u. animal welfare ceases to be a consideration. they
refuse to accept just any longer in twenty seventeen million protest signatures were collected by organizations throughout europe and handed over to the responsible e.u. commissioner in brussels yeah. i think. the euro group for animals unites animal welfare groups from many european countries. it's calling for the european court of justice judgement to be fully implemented. a delegation from several of the european organizations met the e.u. commission or. as we stand here all these millions of animals are being transported across europe but sorry europe and the game today was that the commissioner promised that because of this petition he's able to keep this topic hard on the european union is it john. the animal rights activists are under no illusions some
of what missed the transportation of the animals and their final destinations for themselves. in our war we have witnessed things beyond imagination anyone we have seen european anymore as being. having their eyes that having their attendance laid. while transport conditions within the e.u. have steadily improved things apparently have not changed much for the animals after they arrive abroad. there's a reason why prying eyes here are unwelcome. to the show this hidden footage to the e.u. commissioner. we brought the is attention what is happening with european and he marched off toward their least their european soil being killed and france or did you know way which would be the good in european union it's
a thing that nobody can accept anymore. we want to track cattle and sheep from europe and find out how far the e.u. ruling is being implemented on the ground. we accompany teams from me animal welfare foundation or a w.f. an organization that monitors live animal transportation this week in june twenty seventeen there monitoring cabs cabs can be transported corner just two weeks old this truck is on the way from eastern europe through germany and france to spain. more than three thousand kilometers by road every nine hours the unweaned should be offloaded. cable could enough of the cabs cannot be cared for on the truck they still need new snow which means they have to get an electrolyte. aleutian or
another milk replacement and that's not possible on the truck. the activists follow the truck day and night. just because it's for some of the fun have been able to talk to the driver and he says he's driving lithuanian cabs to spain via poland we are trying to get the police to stop and now he's crossed the border so we can look at the cabs nothing happens or so on. the german police tail the transport. they direct the truck off the motorway him onto a service area and inform the veterinarian storage. activist here is baumgartner has been following the transport. to nine now is conscious need to be taken care of it seems the truck had only been on the road for twelve hours and had i think and the other one thousand two hundred kilometers to go to an unloving station in front of him said the police did at the drive to continue because the cops had to be taken care of. with some difficulty they find
a farm that's prepared to temporarily house all the cows there's no supply station anywhere nearby. there are scarce and not only in germany. doesn't cause as this is a big problem for the police and veterinarians who control the animal transport they often cannot implement the law or do anything for the animals because there are too few unloading options. over three thousand kilometers across europe and even a traffic jam can cause a delay that means a supply station is not reached on time. accommodating these cabs on a farm near the highway has a huge hundred taking. it takes hours until the cows are filled with milk substitute. heating is
supposed to take place every nine hours. but. unfortunately that rarely happens sometimes court firms do that especially german companies but most of them drive through without stopping. the next day another truck the same problem. thousands of cabs are being shipped across europe every day but at least in germany they do spot checks. the police in france inspect animal transports to destructors carrying cows for fattening. some of the cows certain not strong enough for the stress of a long journey. and this is just the beginning. again and if they take into countries with fattening up his teeth and then they're usually explosive further from there. after the animals are found they were taken
to the slaughter house or shipped abroad. exports of live cattle to third countries from germany a lot to over seventy thousand animals between twenty thirteen and twenty six. turkey is one of the main buyers the shipment from germany to turkey takes an average of about seventy hours. from the baltic it's more than four thousand kilometers the animals come from all over the e.u. . more than a quarter of a million living animals were shipped to turkey in twenty sixty. the main border crossing into turkey is capitana andrea vote in bulgaria this is where cattle and sheep leave the european union. exports from the e.u. to turkey rose from twenty four thousand cattle in twenty thirteen to over two hundred sixty five thousand in two thousand and sixteen. between june and september
temperatures here often reach between thirty five and forty degrees celsius some are twenty seventeen. we accompany the w.f. staff to the bulgarian turkish border. near the bulgarian border town and river this is the border animal transports from different e.u. countries cross in order to enter turkey. has been watching these trucks since twenty ten. sites with house and see. the problems have remained the same. but what has changed thank god is that the transport conditions are much better. for telepresence. trucks in the e.u. for example have continued to improve in recent years ventilation systems are standard. they're equipped with drinking systems that can be put into operation at stops. well some transport companies have
clearly invested a lot in better transport conditions for the animals. but all that can still be in vain like here some weeks during summer i stop and you say a lot of trucks from all over europe at the turkish border the animals suffer greatly because of the very high temperatures the animals get stuck in traffic jams sometimes for days they often don't get processed in time and for the last sixty years we have repeatedly documented animals on transports to countries outside the e.u. dying of thirst suffering from injuries or giving birth. as in previous years these animal rights activists monitor how animals are treated at the border over a week in august. to keep accurate records. and it seems that little has changed.
suffering in the heat to us no possibility of escape many of the animals injure themselves. this magnificent bull like many other animals is also facing death. it's an intolerable situation for both animals and humans. and many drivers are also extremely angry that the transports to turkey function so badly and that things haven't changed in this and. this driver has been waiting three days in the scorching heat because of a bureaucratic error and peer tag did not match the shipping documents. he's furious because he's not been able to give his animals any food or water for three days. right was
fine as i know many say transposing animals to turkey is a nightmare. some veterinarian offices in germany will not approve any transports to turkey during these hot summer weeks. but not the muslim festival of sacrifice coming up demand is particularly high. cattle from southern germany are in the queue at the e.u. border. terminate exports a lot of pregnant cows for no production in turkey. and here brochure give some advice transporting live animals to turkey and asks then ensure good ventilation not over thirty degrees celsius and be prepared for the unexpected it says.
we have a question for the e.u. in brussels how can it be that for years now every summer animals are suffering and dying of thirst on the e.u. border with turkey. we're asking about the situation at the border between gary at and turkey so we're working with with gary out for example to see how we can prove different cities of the day have for and most close to the border and we are working with to keep to make sure that such problems at the border are reduced or. don't occur in the future any more so. we are working with them to to try to improve and proof the situation and avoid this kind of on for scene situation temperature for example his mother on forseen. unforseen. event on
person situation. unpredictable temperatures traffic jams that go on for kilometers. not every week is like this but it happens every summer. we were here before a few weeks ago little is changed to. endless queues stressed out drivers and animals almost dying of searched until they finally crossed the e.u. border into turkey.
the journey is still far from over but any notion of animal welfare ends here especially during these summer weeks. this animal will die on the other side of the border. the european court of justice says that the ears animal welfare regulations also apply here in turkey but no one here cares about that says i wasn't able it's pure madness to transpose animals over thousands of kilometers has run into countries where there's no law that protects them. from here is some transports will continue another twenty two hundred kilometers to their beetle in iraq. this is amsterdam the organization eyes on animals has repeatedly tracked animals from the border to the slaughterhouse it's leslie moffatt has often been to turkey herself the organization also offers training for slaughter houses there.
if i was i go there between three and four times a year we were just there in july one team was in the slaughterhouses that was my team and one team was at the border to inspect the animal transports. moffatt has been visiting turkish slaughterhouses for years that's where the journey ends for many sheep and cattle. after all the hardships they have been through their deaths are horrific. basically there are still huge problems in the slaughterhouses in turkey the same as in two thousand and thirteen and that's because there's no law in turkey no animal welfare level at slaughterhouses and. in turkey animals are slaughtered according to islamic right that means the animals are killed without previously being studied. animal rights activists have long condemned the way that this is done in many turkish slaughterhouses. that
the butcher has a very short life not big enough to sever the neck and was cut and dried actually alone means to cut the whole neck at once to let the blood out of the animal. but look how many times he has to cut. you off the inside. so i stand if i mention how much pain the animal suffers it's still alive it's still conscious i know you can see it in its own eyes. this man has carefully studied the teachings of the koran may in regard to animals he's a muslim himself and he works as a volunteer inspector for eyes on animals. slaughterhouses in turkey have to change a lot of this because what you see there is not really islamic law it's just torture for the animals. and people do it because they think it's islamic and it
has to be that way then with a muslim does they think. but it doesn't have to be that way. why do we use technology for our own bodies and not for animals. when we're operated on we use at aesthetics. and we slaughter an animal we should also use anesthetics in this case a boat shot. but using anesthesia prior to slaughter is still in the distant future in turkey like moffat has repeatedly witnessed the horrific ways in which animals are killed after their long journeys. that is against after one very bad slaughterhouse in turkey i couldn't sleep for three weeks because all i could hear was the sound of the bios screaming and. exporting meats instead of live animals would be an alternative but in islamic countries they want to slaughter the animals according to religious rites. but
that's just one reason for live animal exports not the only one as has been to go to sleep it's simply cheaper it's cheaper for the exporters to transport a live animal under current conditions which are completely unregulated as we have seen. the same old cooling chain would be extremely expensive you'd need completely different vehicles and different ships and even that's of hoping. for many animals just means that transportation by truck is followed by a sea voyage to lebanon or north africa. we decide to secretly observe ship one seventy two ports in croatia. modern trucks make the deliveries here and there is even a large table but it's not always used. most of the trucks we watch loaded animals directly onto their ships. this saves money for the stable because the
time spent on the ship is not considered transport it's categorized as rest. animals leave the e.u. by ship. do the e.u. rules only apply until the animals leave to e.u. or do they continue to be binding until they reach their final destination. this has been a contentious issue in courts for many years right up to the european court of justice. the trigger was a decision made by a veterinarian officer in southern germany. vets must approve every animal transport which is why annex puerto must submit a transport plan in advance the plan details the care and rest periods for the animals being transported. and export or applied to this veterinarian for approval to transport breeding cattle to his back to stop. the father i did
when i was preparing in the office i tried to work out how long it takes to go from kempton to his back to stand him according to the checkpoints listed in the transportation plan it came to a journey of nearly seven thousand kilometers just like if that's the poles kilometer. the route would mainly be through asia six days without unloading the animals from the truck that's against the regulations that require cattle to be offloaded every twenty nine hours. the vet turned to the local legal authorities for advice. and felons banning guns classified that's raised a major question in our minds. also how can a transport where major parts of the bruce is effectively not subject to e.u. regulations and get a stamp of approval to proceed from an a u member state. news conference that.
the official refused to release to transport the export company went to court to contest the decision by sea even though that's like on fire we're convinced that the power of a veterinary officer in germany ends at the e use x. channel borders and i just didn't see it that way because my signature is still valid until the final destination of the transport. company in council stuck to its guns and demanded clarification. why did we refuse to accept the decision of the veterinary office simply refused to handle transports that are only subject to european laws within europe and asia as that's a. so so we had to make the decision either not to load there in future or get a legal ruling with us hope that was the reason why it went to court and why we brought it to the european court of justice. the minds of some like huggable home.
we argue that european law applies in europe or at least in the e.u. but not in third countries we ultimately lost at the european court of justice. fought in what you have a lot. the ruling by the european court of justice was clear do you have a welfare rules apply right up to the final destination even if that is for example you in turkey lebanon or egypt. when the transport starts in a member state normally it's the member states and the authorities and the transporters which have to make sure that the transport goes as foreseen and weekend. and that i think joyce. did the any more fair welfare rules. but indeed to third countries are not bound by e.u.
legislation rules but how can a transporter guarantee animal welfare outside the you. that's just what's in these i still don't know who informed russia kazakhstan uzbekistan or wherever that they're transporting animal welfare regulations if they have any don't apply to our trucks but our regulations do try saying that to another country. and what's good deeds on the visits and that's why i think the european court judgement is ridiculous. hostile and. still the ruling applies not only to the export of expensive breeding animals but also to animals for slaughter. animal welfare is welfare for all animals this is undisputed however it may be necessary to keep in mind that the treatment of breeding animals could be
completely different to that of animals for slaughter. but it's nuts but it's not the same magine you're selling cars if you sell a formula one car that you were planning to race somewhere it must arrive in a faultless condition. but if you're selling junk cars for scrap it's not that important if the body has a few dents. that's how i'd put it. on. that straight talk criminal industry expert even if he doesn't deal personally with animals bound for slaughter houses. six hundred fifty thousand cattle were exported from the e.u. to certain countries between january and august twenty seventeen more than twice as many as in two thousand and fourteen. beirut lebanon june twenty seventeen to britain kaye has docked and it's on loading after a week long voyage. it was loaded in sept of port miramar say in france it's
carrying sheep and cattle from europe. we're watching under come. what are conditions like nowadays for animals sent from europe to lebanon. on all our previous visits the unloading was anything but animal friendly. let's look back to one thousand nine hundred this is how things were back then. we repeatedly saw injured animals their legs or hips broken as they were winched out of the freighters lower hole by one leg with a crane. their legs often snapped under their weight.
even know politicians in germany and the e.u. say that these incidents are exceptions. but in fact taking injured animals to the slaughterhouse is commonplace. these and other images of transports that we documented triggered demonstrations both in germany and throughout europe. but the e.u. commission still maintains that these are isolated cases. one thousand nine hundred six back in the port of beirut injured animals frequently arrived on the ships from all over europe. at that time the export of cattle was still subsidized meaning the he paid high premiums.
injured animals were still not anesthetized on the ship or killed to put them out of their misery instead they were on loaded with the ship's crane. animals that were still alive could be sold and slaughtered. it was a financial issue. similar pictures from two thousand and five once again injured cattle were hoisted out of the ship on a rope which loaded onto trucks and carted to slaughter houses. shortly afterwards the e.u. abolished all subsidies for the export of animals for slaughter and introduced
stricter animal welfare rules for transporting them. back and twenty seventeen animals are being on loaded from the bread a k only one truck is still there. what comes next is in complete violation of e.u. animal welfare laws. and it's not an exception. we saw this happen twice when the ship was offloading live cargo from france in the summer of twenty seventeen. this animal will also be transported from the harbor. it's been two years since the european court of justice ruled that protection for animals under the new law does not stop at the outer borders of the e.u. . the e.u.
those rules are valid until the final destination and this has not yet been reached . the various administrative court also. ruled on the issue. of member states and the european union must fully take into account the welfare needs of animals as sentience beings. but the buyers of the animals probably know nothing about any of this. in any event these germans shape of a torturous journey behind them. the people here have their own time tested methods of loading and transporting animals. once they've been exploited d'anna most are completely without protection. animals international did not see tortures such as i go everywhere eleven on but that does not make it any better for the animals involved.
back in germany we want to find out what a college life looks like from beginning to end. this is a dairy farm so-called because cows are constantly being born here because without cabs there would be no milk. all the cows here are known by name. that this is a cow hole have her first calf in about a month her name is rosalie is. five. the animals are doing fine and every effort is made to keep things that way as unfit you are animals are not anonymous they're kept in an appropriate manner and we know them all by name. and this is our oldest lady with twelve cast and she's actually still quite fit. thank you. she must be around fourteen years
old by now. i was on every dairy farm most male calves are sold to cattle dealers to be fattened up elsewhere. two days after christmas in december twenty fifth and a half or was born here in bavaria. it was sold as usual to a cattle dealer in the spring of two thousand and sixteen. we tracked it until twenty seventeen when it reappeared in egypt. the cattle dealer had resold the calf in the minster region in northwestern germany . their cows through several fattening facilities. barely half
a year later in july two thousand and sixteen it was exported to hungary for further fattening. after that we lost track of it. in a letter the company said after the handover of the animal on the twelfth of december twenty. sixteen it was no longer possible for us to trace a. request for information in hungary went unanswered at some point the animal must have been loaded onto a ship destined for egypt. in a summer of twenty seventeen employees of the animals international organization checking slaughterhouses in egypt. every day hundreds of sheep and cattle are delivered to the slaughter house near cairo.
the activist found on usual methods in use said all the avatars they looked at for example here they cut through the animal's leg tendons before herding them into the slaughterhouse. of course that means the animals can no longer walk but they are expected to. disorder brutality makes no sense at all. we can't show most of the pictures the investigators took but they also showed another common practice almost all of these animals the highs are gouged out. it's the end of the line for the animals brief episodes of every day torture. sometimes it takes half an hour for an animal to die and these are certainly not individual cases. it's not the next steps and we are talking about
defend naaman on no matter if it's approved slaughterhouse off the state or if it's happening in the street this is a phenomenon and everything that we see that would be completely illegal in germany or anywhere in europe. by the europe is far away this cow comes from germany here to. proves its origin. this is the count whose trail we lost in hungary. but. first we shot the footage to show the family business in bavaria where the animal is born. we showed them the conditions in the destination country and some scenes from the last phase of their animal's life. with. their astonished that the calf ended up in egypt and they're horrified at how it was treated there. as
a theft so this is the step sister of the butchered bull we saw earlier on the video. we raise the animals we sell for fattening as humanely as possible and do everything we can to make them feel well here it is elf we didn't know they die in such a cruel way is it done so good as a man. and then he was the day they race would we love and care being cute. matters away overseas in no way that shocked him and he's entire family be optimistic that most of the members of the us i mean it would not look any more and and they were angry and i can understand they are angry because they didn't know how to swim yet and my heart aches when i see that our bull which we raised on our farm met such a fate home that hurts me deeply yet for me. it is often claimed that animals for slaughter need to be exploited live because clients in islamic
countries want to slaughter according to their own rituals. is and the fact is the animals are slaughtered under medieval conditions and religion doesn't play the primary role it's just brutal butchery. right that the prophet said do no harm to any animal highlights. the animal should be slaughtered without pain of possible oh just months it is just to put it simply people slaughter the animals according to the customs they have seen before. along the means to follow in islamic right slaughtering without anaesthetic. the animal should die immediately and without suffering from a single cut to the throat. but this is not how it works here in egypt quite the contrary. my lot or the way your ancestors showed you and people justify that is islamic but
its not. you do what your father showed you. think is the. role model. you know gyptian slaughter houses many children observed the unbelievable violence. the next generation becomes used to the incredible brutality against these animals that arise from all over the world. any love of animals has driven out of these children forever. and that leaves little hope for a better fate for our animals in the near future. nothing has changed for decades in these countries. i think that it is ethically unacceptable to send animals over thousands of miles to countries where it's likely that they are being slaughtered under the cruelest
conditions for him to finish what i think is completely unnecessary we live in the twenty first century i cannot understand that we still have to transport animals over thousands of miles only to be slaughtered at the end of a journey and. in the end of course it doesn't. matter whether animals come from europe or elsewhere. in the e.u. a lot has improved regarding animal transportation outside the e.u. the european court of justice is ruling does not protect animals from pain and suffering. of course someone is always responsible for each transport and religious beliefs have a great impact on the lives of animals so perhaps religious institutions need to become much more deeply involved ultimately animals are sente and beings just like humans.
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